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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Precision Engineering
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 23, Issue 12 - Dec 2006
Volume 23, Issue 11 - Nov 2006
Volume 23, Issue 10 - Oct 2006
Volume 23, Issue 9 - Sep 2006
Volume 23, Issue 8 - Aug 2006
Volume 23, Issue 7 - Jul 2006
Volume 23, Issue 6 - Jun 2006
Volume 23, Issue 5 - May 2006
Volume 23, Issue 4 - Apr 2006
Volume 23, Issue 3 - Mar 2006
Volume 23, Issue 2 - Feb 2006
Volume 23, Issue 1 - Jan 2006
Selecting the target year
New concept - Buffered Fixation of Implants
Yoon Yong-San ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 23, issue 2, 2006, Pages 7~14
Development of a Biomechanical Soft Tissue Model for a Virtual Surgery Trainer
Kim Jung ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 23, issue 2, 2006, Pages 15~20
Quantification of human postural balancing performance
Park, Su-Kyung ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 23, issue 2, 2006, Pages 21~26
Fascinating fertilization mechanism of marine invertebrates
Shin Jennifer H. ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 23, issue 2, 2006, Pages 27~34
An Optimum 2.5D Contour Parallel Tool Path
Kim, Hyun-Chul ; Yang, Min-Yang ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 23, issue 2, 2006, Pages 35~42
Although the conventional contour parallel tool path obtained from geometric information has been successful to make desirable shape, it seldom consider physical process concerns like cutting forces and chatters. In this paper, an optimized contour parallel path, which maintains constant MRR(material removal rates) at all time, is introduced and the result is verified. The optimized tool path is based on a conventional contour parallel tool path. Additional tool path segments are appended to the basic tool path in order to achieve constant cutting forces and to avoid chatter vibrations at the entire machining area. The algorithm has been implemented for two dimensional contiguous end milling operations with flat end mills, and cutting tests were conducted to verify the significance of the proposed method.
Control of Decoupled Type High Precision Dual-Servo
Nam Byoung-Uk ; Kim Ki-Hyun ; Choi Young-Man ; Kim Jung-Jae ; Lee Suk-Won ; Gweon Dae-Gab ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 23, issue 2, 2006, Pages 43~50
Recently, with rapid development of semiconductor and flat panel display, the manufacturing equipments are required to have large travel range, high productivity, and high accuracy. In this paper, an ultra precision decoupled dual servo (DDS) system is proposed to meet these requirements. And a control scheme for the DDS is studied. The proposed DDS consists of a
fine stage for handling work-pieces precisely and a XY coarse stage for large travel range. The fine stage consists of four voice coil motors (VCM) and air bearing guides. The coarse stage consists of linear motors and air bearing guides. The DDS is mechanically decoupled between coarse stage and fine stage. Therefore, both stages must be controlled independently and the performance of the DDS is mainly determined by the fine stage. For high performance tracking, the controller of fine stage consists of time delay control (TDC) and perturbation observer while the controller of coarse stage is TDC alone. With these individual controllers, two kinds of dual-servo control strategies are suggested: master-slave type and parallel type. By simulations and experiments, the performances of two dual-servo control strategies are compared.
Development of Flexible Force Sensor Using Fiber Bragg Grating for Tactile Sensor and Its Evaluation
Heo, Jin-Seok ; Lee, Jung-Ju ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 23, issue 2, 2006, Pages 51~56
This paper shows the development of flexible force sensor using the fiber Bragg grating. This force sensor consists of a Bragg grating fiber and flexible silicone rubber (DC184, Dow corning co. Ltd). This sensor does not have special structure to maximize the deflection or elongation, but have good sensitivity and very flexible characteristics. In addition, this sensor has the immunity to the electro magnetic field and can be multiplexed easily, which is inherited from the characteristics of fiber Bragg grating sensor. In the future, this sensor can be utilized the tactile sensor system minimizing the sensor size and developing the fabrication method.
A New System Development for the Spectrum Inspection of Optical Filters
Kim, Seung-Chul ; Kim, Gyung-Bum ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 23, issue 2, 2006, Pages 57~64
Optical filters in WDM are passive communication components used in case of transmitting and reflecting lights with specific wavelengths. In this paper, a novel mechanism for the automatic and optical alignment has been presented. It includes minimum axes not to be coupled each other. The automatic spectrum inspection system has been developed to improve the alignment time of reference optical ray, spectrum inspection time and inspection quality, simultaneously. It has been confirmed that the proposed spectrum inspection system is faster, more precise and more reliable than those based on the conventional handwork.
Study for the dowincoiler's offline simulator
Choi, Yong-Joon ; Lee, Min-Cheol ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 23, issue 2, 2006, Pages 65~72
Downcoiler is one of the major facilities in hot strip mill operation. The key to good coiling is having good equipment, modem control systems, excellent maintenance and an understanding of coiling process. Therefore, this study aims to develop a program that is useful for calculating machine design parameters and simulating coiling process. In this study, the pinching and coiling mechanism of the downcoiler was thoroughly studied and some of operational factors and their effects on the coiling process were investigated. The software was developed to estimate engineering parameters for coiler component design and to determine optimal setting values for successful coiling operation. In order to check the accuracy and usefulness of the developed software, the simulation of the downcoiler in
Hot Strip Mill in Pohang Works was performed. The simulation results suggested that the set-up value for unit tension could be lowered. Test coiling operation by using the lowered set-up value for unit tension resulted in much more successful coiling in the aspect of strip quality and power consumption.
A Study on tool life in the high speed machining of small-size end mill by factorial design of experiments and regression model
Lim, Pyo ; Park, Sang-Yoon ; Yang, Gyun-Eui ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 23, issue 2, 2006, Pages 73~80
High speed machining(HSM) technique is widely used in the appliance, automobile part and mold industries, because it has many advantages such as good quality, low cost and rapid machining time. But it also has problems such as tool breakage, smooth tool path, and so on. In particular, small size end mill is easy to break, so it must be changed before interrupting operation. Generally, the tool life of small size end mill is affected by the milling conditions whose selected parameters are spindle speed, feedrate, and width of cut. The experiments were carried out by full factorial design of experiments using an orthogonal array. This paper shows optimal combination and mathematical model for tool life, Therefore, the analysis of variance(ANOVA) is employed to analyze the main effects and the interactions of these milling parameters and the second-order polynomial regression model with three independent variables is estimated to predict tool life by multiple regression analysis.
Analytical study on High speed Shear forming Process of Lead-acid Battery Grids
Kim Dae-sung ; Jung Jong-jun ; Cho Hyung-chan ; Lee Coon-man ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 23, issue 2, 2006, Pages 81~87
This study has been focused on the analysis of high speed shear forming process for lead-acid battery grids. The grid plays an important role of electrical charge. It is necessary to ensure the best battery's performance that the grid should have a best quality. The clearance between punch and die, the velocity of punch and the critical damage value are very important parameters for making a good grid form. The finite element analysis of the shear forming process is carried out by measuring and optimizing these three important parameters. The result of this study concludes that these parameters has a great influence on grid quality.
Development of an Integrated System for Automated Design of Gerotor Oil Pump
Kim, Jae-Hun ; Kim, Chul ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 23, issue 2, 2006, Pages 88~96
A gerotor pump is suitable for oil hydraulics of machine tools, automotive engines, compressors, constructions and other various applications. Especially the pump is an essential machine element of an automotive engine to feed lubricant oil. The subject of this paper is the theoretical analysis of the internal lobe pump which is a particular type of positive displacement pump. The main components of the pump are rotors; usually the outer rotor profile is characterized by lobes with circular shape, while the inner rotor profile is determined as conjugate as the outer rotor profile. For this reason the topic presented here is the definition of the geometry of the rotors starting from the design parameters. The choice of these parameters is subject to some limitations in order to avoid cusp and loop between rotors. And the integrated system which is composed of three main modules has been developed through AutoLISP & Visual Basic and CAD considering various design parameters. It generates automatically an designed model for a general type of a gerotor pump and allows us to calculate two performances indexes commonly used for the study of positive displacement pumps: the flow rate and flow rate irregularity. Results obtained using the system enable the designer and manufacturer of oil pump to be more efficient in this field.
Experimental Study on Effect of Furnace Temperature on TiN-Coating of High Speed Steel by Arc Ion Plating
Kim, Hae-Ji ; Lee, Sang-Wook ; Joun, Man-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 23, issue 2, 2006, Pages 97~103
In this paper, effect of temperature in TiN-coating by arc ion plating on surface characteristics of a TiN coated high speed steel is investigated by experiments. Hardness, surface roughness, TiN-coating thickness and adsorption force are measured in order to evaluate the effects. For evaluation of the experimental data, one-way ANOVA method is used. It is concluded that the furnace temperature in the range
in AIP processing has a little influence on the TiN coating of the SKH51 steels.
A Study on Characteristics of PRAT and Cornering due to the Belt Angle of Tire by the FEM
Sung, Ki-Deug ; Kim, Seong-Rae ; Kim, Ki-Hyun ; Kim, Sun-Joo ; Cho, Choon-Tack ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 23, issue 2, 2006, Pages 104~112
The influence of tire belt angle on the Plysteer Residual Aligning Torque(PRAT) and the cornering stiffness by the FEM has been studied. The PRAT is a performance factor of the tire about vehicle pull, and the cornering stiffness has relation to vehicle steering response of outdoor test. To validate FE model for analysis, simulation data for both the static stiffness(vertical, lateral) and the PRAT have been compared with the experimental data. In addition to the characteristics of the PRAT and the cornering stiffness due to the tire belt angle, rolling and cornering contact characteristics have been studied. The tendency of the PRAT and the cornering stiffness due to the belt angle can be used as a guide line for the tire design in relation to vehicle pull and vehicle steering response.
Formulations of Linear and Nonlinear Finite Element for Dynamic Flexible Beam
Yun Seong-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 23, issue 2, 2006, Pages 113~121
This paper established the dynamic model of a flexible Timoshenko beam capable of geometrical nonlinearities subject to large overall motions by using the finite element method. Equations of motion are derived by using Hamilton principle and are formulated in terms of finite elements using CO elements in which the nonlinear constraint equations are adjoined to the system using Lagrange multipliers. In the final formulation are presented Coriolis and Gyroscopic forces as well as linear and nonlinear stiffnesses effects for the forthcoming numerical computation.
A Design Improvement of the Vent Silencer of the Industrial Plants Using Acoustic Analysis
Lee, Jong-Wha ; Lee, Boo-Youn ; Nam, Kyoung-Hun ; Kim, Baek-Young ; Kim, Won-Jin ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 23, issue 2, 2006, Pages 122~128
This study focuses on a performance improvement of the vent silencer using acoustic analysis. Since the vent silencer is generally used for a high level shock noise, it should be designed to reduce a wide frequency band noise. In the designing stage of the vent silencer, structural shapes of diffuser and splitter are the most significant design parameters. Effects of modifying the original structure of the diffuser and the splitter are analyzed and evaluated. From the results, It is found that the diffuser with two pipes and double-step structure more effectively reduces a wide frequency band noise but the increment of the number of splitters is not desirable.
Laser Process of Polymer Micro Fluidic Devices
Kim, Joo-Han ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 23, issue 2, 2006, Pages 129~137
Polymer micro-fluidic devices were fabricated with laser processes. A UV laser and a femto laser were used to machine polymer micro-fluidic structures directly. This laser direct machining process suits the need of rapid prototyping, as in many applications changes from the original design are often required. As examples, two polymer micro-systems were developed: a micro-check valve and a micro diffuser pump. The micro fluidic devices can be applied for many applications such as clinical diagnostics and drug delivery. Advantages and disadvantages using polymers as a material for micro-fluidic applications are discussed.
Development of Micro mold with Electroplating Ni for Injection molding
Hwang, Kyo-Il ; Kim, Hun-Mo ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 23, issue 2, 2006, Pages 138~145
An injection molding is necessary to mass-product for micro-nano system, so micro-nano mold must be developed for injection molding. The micro-nano mold has precision and strength to overcome a surround of injection. So in this paper, two methods were used. First, after etching the Al, Ni was electroplated in etched AI. The other, LIGA method was used. A temperature and thickness of Ni are important factors in these methods. So after fabrication, the simulation was processed to find optimal thickenss of Ni and temperature.
Fabrication of the Acceleration Sensor Body of Glass by Powder Blasting
Park, Dong-Sam ; Kang, Dae-Kyu ; Kim, Jeong-Keun ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 23, issue 2, 2006, Pages 146~153
Acceleration sensors have widely been used in the various fields of industry. In recent years, micromachining accelerometers have been developed and commercialized by the micromachining technique or MEMS technique. Typical structure of such sensors consist of a cantilever beam and a vibrating mass fabricated on Si wafers using etching. This study investigates the feasibility of powder blasting technique for microfabrication of sensor structures made of the pyrex glass alternating the existing Si based acceleration sensor. First, as preliminary experiment, effect of blasting pressure, mass flow rate of abrasive and no. of nozzle scanning on erosion depth of pyrex and soda lime glass is studied. Then the optimal blasting conditions are chosen for pyrex sensor. Structure dimensions of designed glass sensor are 2.9mm and 0.7mm for the cantilever beam length and width and 1.7mm for the side of square mass. Mask material is from aluminium sheet of 0.5mm in thickness. Machining results showed that tolerance errors of basic dimensions of glass sensor ranged from 3um in minimum to 20um in maximum. This results imply the powder blasting can be applied for micromachining of glass acceleration sensors alternating the exiting Si based sensors.
A Study of the Standardization in the Mandibular First Premolar of the Middle Aged Korean
Chun, Keyoung-Jin ; Lee, Ho-Jung ; Chung, Dong-Teak ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 23, issue 2, 2006, Pages 154~163
Tooth morphology is the most important scientific aspect of dental medicine in regards to the treatment and study of teeth attrition relating to the absence of teeth due to dental caries or the occlusion of teeth due to external force. Most of the studies have focused on the external morphology in cutting teeth regardless of sex and age. However, the importance of internal morphology in the treatment of damaged teeth has been increased. Therefore, this study established the measurement criteria for the morphology of the mandibular first premolar which had never been presented, in order to investigate the external and internal morphologies of mandibular first premolars, and introduced a non-destructive method such as a microcomputed tomogrphy. Mandibular first premolars in superlative state were taken from molars of middle aged males and females and used as specimens for this study. Criteria relating to the internal and external morphology measurements were established to quantify the length of the teeth in identical state. Two dimensional image data for the selected mandibular first premolar were obtained by taking the image of each O.022mm section, which is perpendicular to the vertical direction using the microcomputed tomography. The Vworks program was applied to measure the length of each morphological part according to the set measurement criteria. These measured data were compared with the data presented by G. V. Black and the internal and external morphologies of the teeth of middle aged Koreans were also compared according to gender. In addition, the methodology for measurement of the mandibular first premolar was presented and according to this, the standardized mandibular first premolars of middle aged Korean males and females were made by using a rapid prototyping system.
Gait Study on the Normal and ACL Deficient Patients after Ligament Reconstruction Surgery Using Chaos Analysis Method
Ko Jae Hun ; Son Kwon ; Park Jung Hong ; Suh Jeung Tak ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 23, issue 2, 2006, Pages 164~171
Anterior cruciate ligament(ACL) injury of the knee is common and a serious ACL injury leads to ligament reconstruction surgery. Gait analysis is used to identify the result of surgery. The purpose of this study is to numerically evaluate and classify knee condition of patients through the chaos analysis. Experiments were carried out for 13 subjects (8 healthy subjects, 5 ACL deficient patients) walking on a treadmill. Sagittal kinematic data of the right lower extremity were collected by using a 3D motion analysis system. The recorded gait patterns were digitized and then coordinated by KWON3D. The largest Lyapunov exponent from the measured knee angular displacement time series was calculated to quantify local stability. It was found that the Lyapunov exponent becomes larger as the knee condition becomes worse. This study suggested a method of the severity of injury and the level of recovery. The proposed method discerns difference between healthy subjects and patients.
Development of the Foldable Manual/Power Hybrid Wheelchair
Choi Young Chul ; Rhee Kun Min ; Choi Hwa Soon ; Seo Young Taek ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 23, issue 2, 2006, Pages 172~180
Although there existed many types of manual/power hybrid wheelchairs, their use was not widespread because of their inconvenience in converting drive system and in folding frames. To carry a wheelchair in the car or to convert driving methods, some hard work of disassembling or exchanging wheels was required for most of currently available hybrid wheelchairs. In this study, the standard foldable manual wheelchair was reformed to a power wheelchair by installing the newly developed Axial Flux Permanent Magnet(AFPM) type of brush less direct current(BLDC) motor on each rear hub of wheelchair. This wheelchair could be driven by manual or electric power without exchanging. wheels, thus no additional work was needed for carriage or for power conversion. The developed wheelchair was evaluated for durability, stability, maneuverability, cost, and reliability in accordance with the Korean standards. The results indicated that the developed hybrid wheelchair was good enough for commercialization comparing to other imported wheelchairs.
A study of correction dependent on process parameters for printing on a three-dimensional surface
Song Min Sup ; Kim Hyo Chan ; Lee Sang Ho ; Yang Dong Yol ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 23, issue 2, 2006, Pages 181~190
In the industry, three-dimensional coloring has been needed for a realistic prototype. The Z-corporation developed a 3D printer which provides a three-dimensional colored prototype. However, the process cannot be adopted to models fabricated by other rapid prototyping processes. In addition, time and cost for manufacturing colored prototypes still remain to be improved. In this study, a new coloring process using an ink-jet head is proposed for color printing on a three-dimensional surface. Process parameters such as the angle and the distance between the ink-jet nozzle and the three-dimensional surface should be investigated through experiments. In order to minimize the distortion of a 2D image, the correction matrix according to the sloped angle is proposed and obtained by analysis of printing errors. An image on the doubly curved surface is printed so as to verify the proposed method. As a practical example, a helmet is chosen for printing images on the curved surface. The practical applicability of the correction matrix is then demonstrated by printing the character images on the surface of the helmet.
Contouring Tool Path Generation for Dieless CNC Forming using STL Offset
Kang Jae-Gwan ; Choi Dong-Woo ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 23, issue 2, 2006, Pages 191~198
Dieless CNC forming is an innovative technology which can form various materials with complex shape by numerically controlled incremental forming process. In this paper, a method of NC tool path generation based on an STL file for dieless CNC forming is proposed. Tool trajectory adopts the principle of layered manufacturing in rapid prototyping technology, but it is necessary to consider STL offset because of the ball shaped tool with a radius. Vertex offset method which enables to compute offset STL directly is engaged for STL offset. The offseted STL is sliced by cutting planes to generate contouring tool path. Algorithm is implemented on a computer and experimented on a dieless CNC forming machine to show its validity.
The Development of Automatic Grease Lubricator Driven by Gear Mechanism with Controlled Operating Time
Wang, Duck-Hyun ; Lee, Kyu-Young ; Lee, Sang-Hoon ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 23, issue 2, 2006, Pages 199~206
Automatic grease lubricator is equipment that provides adequate amount of fresh grease constantly to the shaft and the bearings of machines. It minimizes the friction heat and reduces the friction loss of machines to the least. This research is to develop automatic grease lubricator by gear driven mechanism with controlled operation time. The ultimate design of this equipment is to lubricate an adequate amount of grease by a simple switch clicking according to the advanced set cycle. The backlash of the gear was minimized to increase the output power. To increase the power of gear mechanism, the binding frequency and the thickness of the coil were changed. To control the rotating cycles of the main shaft according to its set numbers, different resistance and chips were used to design the circuit to controls electrical signals with pulse. The body of the lubricator was analyzed by stress analysis with different constructed angle. The stress analysis for differing loading pressures applied to the exterior body of grease lubricator due to the setup angle, was found that the maximum stress was distributed over the outlet part where the grease lubricator suddenly narrowed contracts. Digital mock-up was analyzed and the rapid prototyping(RP) trial products were tested with PCB circuit and grease. The evaluation of the outlet capacity for RP trial products was conducted, because the friction caused by the outlet on the wall surface was an important factor in the operation of the equipment. Finally, the finishing process was applied to decrease the roughness of the surface to a comparable level and was able to test the performance examination for the product.