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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Precision Engineering
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Volume & Issues
Volume 23, Issue 12 - Dec 2006
Volume 23, Issue 11 - Nov 2006
Volume 23, Issue 10 - Oct 2006
Volume 23, Issue 9 - Sep 2006
Volume 23, Issue 8 - Aug 2006
Volume 23, Issue 7 - Jul 2006
Volume 23, Issue 6 - Jun 2006
Volume 23, Issue 5 - May 2006
Volume 23, Issue 4 - Apr 2006
Volume 23, Issue 3 - Mar 2006
Volume 23, Issue 2 - Feb 2006
Volume 23, Issue 1 - Jan 2006
Selecting the target year
Vibration Analysis by Laser Speckle Interferometry
Kim Koung-Suk ; Kang Ki-Soo ; Jung Hyun-Chul ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 23, issue 4, 2006, Pages 7~13
Application of Laser Interferometry Technique to Micro/Nano-mechanical Properties Measurement
Huh Yong-Hak ; Kim Dong-Iel ; Kim Dong-Jin ; Choi Man-Yong ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 23, issue 4, 2006, Pages 14~21
Measurement of Micro-scale Displacement by Laser Speckle Interferometry
Baek Tae-Hyun ; Kim Myung-Soo ; Kim Koung-Suk ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 23, issue 4, 2006, Pages 22~28
A study on the design, manufacturing and performance evaluation of air bearing spindle for PCB drilling
Kim Sang-Jin ; Bae Myung-Il ; Kim Hyeung-Chul ; Kim Ki-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 23, issue 4, 2006, Pages 29~36
Micro drilling by high-speed air bearing spindle is very useful manufacturing technology in electronic industry For the design of high speed air bearing spindle, there are considered stability of air bearing spindle, allowable load of air bearing, run out and tooling system design for micro drill's attach and remove. According to suggested details, we designed and manufactured high-speed air bearing spindle and carried out performance estimation such as run out, temperature change in running air bearing spindle, stiffness, chucking torque. Results are follows; Run out was measured under
at air bearing spindle revolution
. High speed air bearing spindle's temperature rose about
after 5 minutes from running and then was fixed. Allowable thrust load of spindle was 17kgf. Chucking torque of collet was 15kgfcm.
Adaptive Finite Element Analysis of an Enclosed Die Forging Process of a Bevel Gear and its Experimental Verification
Lee Min-Cheal ; Park Rae-Hun ; Jun Byoung-Yoon ; Joun Man-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 23, issue 4, 2006, Pages 37~43
In this paper, an approach to adaptive finite element analysis of three-dimensional forging processes is presented with emphasis on remeshing. In the approach, an optimal tetrahedral element generation technique is employed and the mesh density is specified by the combination of the weighted normalized effective strain and the normalized effective strain rate as well as the weighted normalized curvature. The approach is applied to computer simulation of an enclosed die forging process of a bevel gear and its results are compared with its related experiments. It has been shown that the analyzed results are in good agreement with the experimental ones.
Sliding Mode Control of the Vehicle ABS with a Disturbance Observer for Model Uncertainties
Hwang Jin-Kwon ; Song Chul-Ki ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 23, issue 4, 2006, Pages 44~51
This paper addresses sliding mode control of the anti-lock braking system (ABS) with a disturbance observer for model uncertainties such as vehicle parameter variation, un-modeled dynamics, and external disturbances. By using a nominal vehicle model, a sliding mode controller is designed to achieve a desired wheel slip ratio for ABS control. To compensate the model uncertainties, a disturbance observer is introduced with the help of a transfer function of a hydraulic brake dynamics. A proposed sliding mode controller with a disturbance observer is evaluated through simulations for model uncertainties. The simulation results show that the disturbance observer can enhance performances of sliding mode control for ABS.
Analysis of a processed sample surface using SCM and AFM
Bae Han-Sung ; Kim Kyeong-Ho ; Moon Seong-Wook ; Nam Gi-Jung ; Kwon Nam-Ic ; Kim Jong-Bae ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 23, issue 4, 2006, Pages 52~59
Surface qualities of a micro-processed sample with a pulse laser have been investigated by making use of scanning confocal microscope(SCM) and atomic force microscope(AFM). Samples are bump electrodes and ITO glass of LCD module used in a mobile phone and a wafer surface scribed by UV laser. A image of
is obtained within 1 second by SCM because scan speed of a x-axis and y-axis are 1kHz and 1Hz, respectively. AFM is able to correctly measure the hight and width of ITO, and scribing depth and width of a wafer with a resolution less than 300nm. However, the scan speed is slow and it is difficult to distinguish a surface composed of different kinds of materials. Results show that SCM is preferable to obtain a image of a sample composed of different kinds of material than AFM because the intensity of a reflected light from the surface is different for each material.
Interior Noise Reduction of Enclosure Using Predicted Characteristics of Absorber
Lee Ghi-Youn ; Sim Hyoun-Jin ; Lee Jung-Yoon ; Oh Jae-Eung ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 23, issue 4, 2006, Pages 60~66
For the purpose of finding out the sound field characteristics in a rectangular cavity, analytical and experimental studies are performed with white noise input. Two-microphone impedance tube method is used to measure the impedances of foamed aluminum. Foamed aluminum is well known metallic porous material which has excellent properties of light weight and high absorbing performance. And predicted impedances of foamed aluminum are compared with measured impedances. The predicted acoustical parameters are applied to the theoretical analysis to predict sound pressure field in the cavity. The measured sound absorption effects are compared with the predicted values for both cases with and without foamed aluminum lining in the cavity of the rectangular enclosure.
Gravitational Effect on Eigenvalue Branches and Flutter Modes of a Vertical Cantilevered Pipe Conveying Fluid
Ryu Si-Ung ; Shin Kwang-Bok ; Ryu Bong-Jo ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 23, issue 4, 2006, Pages 67~74
The paper presents gravitational effect on eigenvalue branches and flutter modes of a vertical cantilevered pipe conveying fluid. The eigenvalue branches and modes associated with flutter of cantilevered pipes conveying fluid are fully investigated. Governing equations of motion are derived by extended Hamilton's principle, and the related numerical solutions are sought by Galerkin's method. Root locus diagrams are plotted for different values of mass ratios of the pipe, and the order of branch in root locus diagrams is defined. The flutter modes of the pipe at the critical flow velocities are drawn at every one of the twelfth period. The transference of flutter-type instability from one eigenvalue branches to another is investigated thoroughly.
Trajectory Optimization for Biped Robots Walking Up-and-Down Stairs based on Genetic Algorithms
Jeon Kweon-Soo ; Kwon O-Hung ; Park Jong-Hyeon ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 23, issue 4, 2006, Pages 75~82
In this paper, we propose an optimal trajectory for biped robots to move up-and-down stairs using a genetic algorithm and a computed-torque control for biped robots to be dynamically stable. First, a Real-Coded Genetic Algorithm (RCGA) which of operators are composed of reproduction, crossover and mutation is used to minimize the total energy. Constraints are divided into equalities and inequalities: Equality constraints consist of a position condition at the start and end of a step period and repeatability conditions related to each joint angle and angular velocity. Inequality constraints include collision avoidance conditions of a swing leg at the face and edge of a stair, knee joint conditions with respect to the avoidance of the kinematic singularity, and the zero moment point condition with respect to the stability into the going direction. In order to approximate a gait, each joint angle trajectory is defined as a 4-th order polynomial of which coefficients are chromosomes. The effectiveness of the proposed optimal trajectory is shown in computer simulations with a 6-dof biped robot that consists of seven links in the sagittal plane. The trajectory is more efficient than that generated by the modified GCIPM. And various trajectories generated by the proposed GA method are analyzed in a viewpoint of the consumption energy: walking on even ground, ascending stairs, and descending stairs.
Controller Design for a Robot's Safe Contact on an Object
Shin Wan-Jae ; Park Jahng-Hyon ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 23, issue 4, 2006, Pages 83~90
A robot manipulator is usually operated in two modes: free and constrained motion modes, depending on whether the robot is in contact with an environment or not. At the moment of contact, an impact occurs and can exert harmful effects to the robot or the object. In case of teleoperation, since a user may give an inadequately excessive velocity command to the slave due to insufficient visual information, the robot nay collide the object with an excessive speed and it possibly deteriorates the robot's performance causing vibrations and at worst, shortens its lifetime by its fracture. In this article, a new algorithm is proposed by introducing a command signal modification method on the basis of impedance control and validity of the proposed algorithm is demonstrated by performing simulations and experiments.
Laser Marking for Light Guide Panel using Design of Experiment and Web-based Prototyping System
Kang Hyuk-Jin ; Kim Hyung-Jung ; Chu Won-Sik ; Ahn Sung-Hoon ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 23, issue 4, 2006, Pages 91~98
A light guide panel (LGP) is an element of the LCD back light unit, which is used for display devices. In this study, the laser marking process is applied to the fabrication of light guide panels as the new fabrication process. In order to obtain a light guide panel which has high luminance and uniformity, four principal parameters such as power, scanning speed, ratio of line gap, and number of line were selected. A Web-based design tool was developed to generate patterns of light guide panel at any location, and the tool may assist the designer to develop optimized patterns. Topcon-BM7 was used for luminance measurement of each specimen with
area. By Taguchi method optimized levels of each parameters were found, and luminance of
and uniformity of 92% were achieved using the laser machined BLU.
Development of a System for Selecting High-Quality Mold Manufacturing NC Data Using Evaluating the NC Data
Heo Eun-Young ; Kim Bo-Hyun ; Kim Dong-Won ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 23, issue 4, 2006, Pages 99~108
Since mold industries are regarded as belonging to three types of bad business, capable young people are reluctant to work in this field. The industries are hard to employ skilled workers who have much experience and knowledge On the mold manufacturing. Thus, effective CAM systems are required for unskilled workers to create process plans and NC data for the manufacturing, and process plans play important roles in the downstream manufacturing processes, such as NC machining, polishing, and final assembly. This study proposes a decision support system that facilitates unskilled workers to easily select high quality NC-data, as well as to increase productivity. The proposed system is assumed to follow a CAM operation scenario that consists of next three steps: 1) identifying several process plans and enumerating feasible unit machining operations (UMOs) from material and part surface information, 2) creating all feasible NC-data based on UMOs using a commercial CAM system, 3) selecting the best NC data among the feasible NC data using four screening criteria, such as machining accuracy, machining allowance, cutting load, and processing time. A case study on the machining of a camera core mold is provided to demonstrate the proposed system.
Evaluation of Frictional Characteristic of Galvannealed sheet steel with different annealing temperatures at Lower Normal Loads
Lee Jung-Min ; Jeon Seong-Jin ; Kim Dong-Hwan ; Kim Dong-Jin ; Park Sung-Ho ; Kim Byung-Min ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 23, issue 4, 2006, Pages 109~115
This paper is designed to estimate friction and powdering characteristic of coating layer on galvannealed sheet steel with different annealing temperature, which is 465, 505, 515 and
, Estimations of powdering and friction were done using a
bending test and one side friction test, respectively. In order to obviously understand the effect of coatings on friction cross-section of coatings before and after friction test was also observed by SEM. The results show that powdering of coatings is increased with increasing of annealing temperature and that friction characteristic greatly depends on powdering which leads to increase of real contact area between tools and coatings.
Evaluation of Crack Length and Thickness Effects of Fracture Specimen using Damage Mechanics
Chang Yoon-Suk ; Lee Tae-Rin ; Choi Jae-Boong ; Seok Chang-Sung ; Kim Young-Jin ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 23, issue 4, 2006, Pages 116~123
During the last two decades, many researchers investigated influences of stress triaxiality on ductile fracture for various specimens and structures. With respect to a transferability issue, the local approach reflecting micro-mechanical specifics is one of effective methods to predict constraint effects. In this paper, the applicability of the local approach was examined through a series of finite element analyses incorporating modified GTN (Gurson-Tvergaard-Needleman) and Rousselier models as well as fracture toughness tests. To achieve this goal, fracture resistance (J-R) curves of several types of compact tension (CT) specimens with various crack length, with various thickness and with/without 20% side- grooves were estimated. Then. the constraint effects were examined by comparing the numerically estimated J-R curves with experimentally determined ones. The assessment results showed that the damage models might be used as useful tool for fracture toughness estimation and both the crack length and thickness effects should be considered for realistic structural integrity evaluation.
Optimum design on the lobe shapes of Gerotor Oil Pump
Kim Jae-Hun ; Kim Chang-Ho ; Kim Chul ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 23, issue 4, 2006, Pages 124~131
A gerotor pump is suitable for oil hydraulics of machine tools, automotive engines, compressors, constructions and other various applications. Especially the pump is an essential machine element of an automotive engine to feed lubricant oil. The subject of this paper is the theoretical analysis of internal lobe pump whose the main components are the rotors: usually the outer one is characterized by lobes with circular shape, while the inner rotor profile is determined as conjugate to the other. For this reason the first topic presented here is the definition of the geometry of the rotors starting from the design parameters. The choice of these parameters is subject to some limitations in odor to limit the pressure angle between the rotors. Now we will consider the design optimization. The first step is the determination of the instantaneous flow rate as a function of the design parameter. This allows us to calculate three performance indexes commonly used far the study of positive displacement pumps: the flow rate irregularity, the specific flow rate, and the specific slipping. These indexes are used to optimize the design of the pump and to obtain the sets of optimum design parameter. Results obtained from the analysis enable the designer and manufacturer of oil pump to be more efficient in this field, and the system could serve as a valuable one for experts and as a dependable training aid for beginners.
A Study on the High Precision Tape Feeding Device with Cam-slider Mechanism
Jeon Byung-Cheo ; Cho Myeong-Woo ; Kang Sung-Min ; Lee Soo-Jin ; Choi Jin-Hwa ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 23, issue 4, 2006, Pages 132~138
A tape feeder is an important part to supply a micro chip such as 1005 and 0603 components in SMT process. Traditional sprocket wheel type feeder has several problems such as backlash and indexing errors, low compatibility and confidence. However, it is very difficult to solve such problems due to the inevitable fraction defectives of sprocket wheel. Thus, the object of this works is to develop a linear type high precision tape feeding system using cam-slider mechanism. The proposed cam-slider mechanism is composed of several links and a plate, pneumatic actuator is used to generate linear motion. The proposed mechanism has distinct advantages over the conventional mechanism. It has reduced feeding errors, long lift-cycle, and slim width. As a result, the developed tape feeder using cam-slider mechanism shows special characteristics far high precision feeding for chip-mounters.
A study on the Fabrication and characterization of temperature Sensor using surface acoustic wave
Park Jae-Hong ; Kim Jae-Hwan ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 23, issue 4, 2006, Pages 139~145
This paper presents the design and manufacturing of a sensor using SAW and delay line in order to measure temperature. SAW sensors having single and double electrodes are manufactured on the
substrate, and its process is addressed. Before manufacturing, the device is simulated using a commercial finite element program. The frequency responses of the saw sensor on the temperature change is measured. Since the center frequency on the temperature change from
is linearly changed, the saw sensor is applicable to measure the temperature change or strain variation.
Determination of Electrode Potential in Micro Electrochemical Machining of Passive Metals
Nam Ho-Sung ; Kim Bo-Hyun ; Chu Chong-Nam ; Park Byung-Jin ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 23, issue 4, 2006, Pages 146~152
In micro electrochemical machining (ECM), electrodes should be prevented from unfavorable oxide and Passive layer formation on the machined surface or overall corrosion of the entire surface. Generally, metal electrodes corrode, passivate or dissolve in the electrochemical cell according to the electrode potential. Therefore, each electrode must maintain its stable potential. Tn this paper, the stable electrode potentials of tool and workpiece were determined using the potentiodynamic polarization test and verified experimentally considering machining stability and surface quality. Stable workpiece electrode potentials of two different passive materials of 304 stainless steel and nickel were determined in the 0.1 M sulfuric acid. Experimental results show good machined surface and fast machining rate using the determined electrode potentials.
A study on the micro-formability of
Bulk Metallic Glasses using micro-forging and Finite Element Method applications
Kang Sung-Gyu ; Park Kyu-Yeol ; Son Seon-Cheon ; Lee Jong-Hon ; Na Young-Sang ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 23, issue 4, 2006, Pages 153~161
Micro-forming is a suited technology to manufacture very small metallic parts(several
). Micro-forming of
bulk metallic glass(BMG) as a candidate material for this developing process are feasible at a relatively low stress in the supercooled liquid state without any crystallization during hot deformation. In this study, micro- formability of a representative bulk metallic glass,
. was investigated for micro-forging of U-shape pattern. Micro-formability was estimated by comparing
is cross-sectional area of U groove, and
the filled area by material. Micro-forging process was simulated and analyzed by applying finite element method. FEM simulation results showed reasonable agreement with the experimental results when the material properties and simulation conditions such as top die speed, remeshing criteria and boundary conditions were tightly controlled. The micro-formability of
was increased with increasing load and time in the temperature range of the supercooled liquid state. Also, FEM simulation using a commercial software, DEFORM was confirmed to be applicable for the optimization of micro-forming process.
Nano Molding Technology for Optical Storage Media with Large-area Nano-pattern
Shin Hong-Gue ; Ban Jun-Ho ; Cho Ki-Chul ; Kim Heon-Yong ; Kim Byeong-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 23, issue 4, 2006, Pages 162~167
Hot embossing lithography(HEL) has the production advantage of comparatively few process step, simple operation, a relatively low cost for embossing tools(Si), and high replication accuracy for small features. In this paper, we considered the nano-molding characteristic according to molding parameters(temperature, pressure, times, etc) and induced a optimal molding condition using HEL. High precision nano-patter master with various shapes were designed and manufactured using the DRIE(Deep Reactive ion Etching), LPCVD(Low Pressure Chemical Vapor Deposition) and thermal oxidation process, and we investigated the molding characteristic of DVD and Blu-ray nickel stamp. We induced flow behaviors of polymer, rheology by shapes and sizes of the pattern through various molding experiments. Finally, with achieving nano-structure molding with high aspect ratio, we will secure a basic technology about the molding of large-area nano-pattern media.
A Study on Measurement Range Extension for Atomic Force Microscope
Ko Myung-Jun ; Patrangenaru Vlad ; Hong Seong-Wook ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 23, issue 4, 2006, Pages 168~175
This paper presents surface matching algorithms that can be used to reconstruct the surface topography of an object scanned by an AFM. The essence of the algorithms is to match up neighboring images intentionally overlapped with others. Two performance indexes using the correlation coefficient and the sum of the squared differences are introduced. To compensate for the inaccuracy of the coarse stage implemented to AFM, all the six axes including the rotational degrees of freedom are successively matched so as to maximize the coefficients defined. The results show that the proposed algorithms are useful for measurement range extension of AFM. The results also show that a combined use of the two indexes is beneficial for practical cases.
Biomechanical Analysis of the Implanted Constrained and Unconstrained ICR Types of Artificial Disc using FE Model
Yun Sang-Seok ; Jung Sang-Ki ; Kim Young-Eun ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 23, issue 4, 2006, Pages 176~182
Although several artificial disc designs have been developed for the treatment of discogenic low back pain, biomechanical changes with its implantation were rarely studied. To evaluate the effect of artificial disc implantation on the biomechanics of functional spinal unit, a nonlinear three-dimensional finite element model of L4-L5 was developed with 1-mm CT scan data. Biomechanical analysis was performed for two different types of artificial disc having constrained and unconstrained instant center of rotation(ICR), ProDisc and SB Charite III model. The implanted model predictions were compared with that of intact model. Angular motion of vertebral body, forces on the spinal ligaments and facet joint, and stress distribution of vertebral endplate for flexion-extension, lateral bending, and axial rotation with a compressive preload of 400N were compared. The implanted model showed increased flexion-extension range of motion compared to that of intact model. Under 6Nm moment, the range of motion were 140%, 170% and 200% of intact in SB Charite III model and 133%, 137%, and 138% in ProDisc model. The increased stress distribution on vertebral endplate for implanted cases could be able to explain the heterotopic ossification around vertebral body in clinical observation. As a result of this study, it is obvious that implanted segment with artificial disc suffers from increased motion and stress that can result in accelerated degenerated change of surrounding structure. Unconstrained ICR model showed increased in motion but less stress in the implanted segment than constrained model.
Development of Digital 3D Real Object Duplication System and Process Technology
Lee Won-Hee ; Ahn Young-Jin ; Jang Min-Ho ; Choi Kyung-Hyun ; Kim Dong-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 23, issue 4, 2006, Pages 183~190
Digital 3D Real Object Duplication System (RODS) consists of 3D Scanner and Solid Freeform Fabrication System (SFFS). It is a device to make three-dimensional objects directly from the drawing or the scanning data. In this research, we developed an office type SFFS based on Three Dimensional Printing Process and an industrial SFFS using Dual Laser. An office type SFFS applied sliding mode control with sliding perturbation observer (SMCSPO) algorithm for control of this system. And we measured process variables about droplet diameter measurement and powder bed formation etc. through experiments. In case of industrial type SFFS, in order to develop more elaborate and speedy system for large objects than existing SLS process, this study applies a new Selective Dual-Laser Sintering (SDLS) process and 3-axis Dynamic Focusing Scanner for scanning large area instead of the existing f lens. In this process, the temperature has a great influence on sintering of the polymer. Also the laser parameters are considered like that laser beam power, scan speed, and scan spacing. Now, this study is in progress to evaluate the effect of experimental parameters on the sintering process.