Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Precision Engineering
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 27, Issue 12 - Dec 2010
Volume 27, Issue 11 - Nov 2010
Volume 27, Issue 10 - Oct 2010
Volume 27, Issue 9 - Sep 2010
Volume 27, Issue 8 - Aug 2010
Volume 27, Issue 7 - Jul 2010
Volume 27, Issue 6 - Jun 2010
Volume 27, Issue 5 - May 2010
Volume 27, Issue 4 - Apr 2010
Volume 27, Issue 3 - Mar 2010
Volume 27, Issue 2 - Feb 2010
Volume 27, Issue 1 - Jan 2010
Selecting the target year
Ultrafast Laser Micro-machining Technology
Lee, Jae-Hoon ; Sohn, Hyon-Kee ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 27, issue 2, 2010, Pages 7~12
Due to the extremely short interaction time (<
sec) between laser pulse and material, which enables the minimization of heat affection, ultrafast laser micro-machining has rapidly widened its applications. In this paper, the characteristics of ultrafast laser micro-machining have been reviewed and experimentally demonstrated in laser drilling of silicon wafer and in laser cutting of rigid PCB.
Laser Micro-drilling of Sapphire/silicon Wafer using Nano-second Pulsed Laser
Kim, Nam-Sung ; Chung, Young-Dae ; Seong, Chun-Yah ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 27, issue 2, 2010, Pages 13~19
Due to the rapid spread of mobile handheld devices, industrial demands for micro-scale holes with a diameter of even smaller than
in sapphire/silicon wafers have been increasing. Holes in sapphire wafers are for heat dissipation from LEDs; and those in silicon wafers for interlayer communication in three-dimensional integrated circuit (IC). We have developed a sapphire wafer driller equipped with a 532nm laser in which a cooling chuck is employed to minimize local heat accumulation in wafer. Through the optimization of process parameters (pulse energy, repetition rate, number of pulses), quality holes with a diameter of
and a depth of
can be drilled at a rate of 30holes/sec. We also have developed a silicon wafer driller equipped with a 355nm laser. It is able to drill quality through-holes of
in diameter and
in depth at a rate of 100holes/sec.
Study on High Speed Laser Cutting of Rigid Flexible Printed Circuit Board by using UV Laser with Nano-second Pulse Width
Bae, Han-Sung ; Park, Hee-Chun ; Ryu, Kwang-Hyun ; Nam, Gi-Jung ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 27, issue 2, 2010, Pages 20~24
High speed cutting processes of rigid flexible printed circuit board by making use of high power UV laser with nano-second pulse width have been proposed and investigated experimentally. Also robust laser cutting system has been designed and developed in order to obtain a good cutting quality of rigid and flexible PCB with multi-layers (2-6 layers). Power controller module developed for ourselves is adapted to control the laser output power in the range less than 1%. The systems show the good performance of cutting speed, cutting width and cutting accuracy, respectively. Especially we have confirmed that the short circuit problem due to the carbonized contamination occurred in cross section of multi-layers by thermal effect of high power laser has been improved largely by using multi-pass cutting process with low power and high speed.
The Study of Micro Fabrication using Picosecond Laser Ablation
Noh, Ji-Whan ; Sohn, Hyon-Kee ; Suh, Jeong ; Lee, Jae-Hoon ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 27, issue 2, 2010, Pages 25~28
The micro fabrication on the mold material using picosecond laser ablation processing has been studied. We used the two kind of system with picosecond laser. First one is two mirror type scanner and telecentric f-theta lens. Second one is X-Y stage and objective lens. By using these system, the
size chess patterning and
size patterning was fabricated. Especially
size patterning on the mold material can be used as the decorative rainbow color logo for industrial field. In this paper, it is proved the picosecond laser is effective tool for the laser ablation processing.
fs-laser Ablation and Optoperforation Threshold for PDMS Thin Film on
Woo, Suk-Yi ; Sidhu, M.S. ; Yoon, Tae-Oh ; Jeoung, Sae-Chae ; Park, Il-Hong ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 27, issue 2, 2010, Pages 29~33
We have investigated fs-laser ablation as well as optoperforation threshold of PDMS (Polydimethylsiloxane) thin lid cover on
-channel with changing the flow medium from water to hemoglobin. The ablation threshold is found to be independent of both PDMS thin film thickness and flow medium, but the optoperforation threshold is dependent on the films thickness. The observation that the ablation process is well described with simple two-temperature model supposed that the cover lid PDMS of
-channel be processed with minimized thermal effects by fs-laser with low laser fluence.
Laser Micro-machining Process-monitoring Technologies
Sohn, Hyon-Kee ; Lee, Jae-Hoon ; Hahn, Jae-Won ; Kim, Ho-Sang ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 27, issue 2, 2010, Pages 34~39
In order to achieve and maintain dimensional accuracy in laser micro-machining, dominant parameters such as laser power and laser focus position need to be monitored and controlled real time. Also, in order to selectively machine multi-layered materials, the material being presently machined need to be recognized. This paper presents an auto-focusing (AF) module to keep laser focus on a large-area surface; a real-time laser power stabilizing module based on optical attenuation; and a laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) module. With these monitoring modules, position error in laser focus on a 4" silicon wafer was kept below
, and laser power stability of a UV laser source was improved from 1.6% to 0.3%. Also, the material transition from polyimide to copper in machining of FCCL (flexible copper clad laminate) was successfully observed.
Welding Characteristics of Rapid Palatal Expander for Teeth Calibration using a Continuous Wave Nd:YAG Laser
Yoo, Young-Tae ; Yang, Yun-Seok ; Shin, Ho-Jun ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 27, issue 2, 2010, Pages 40~49
The Purpose of this paper is to weld a rapid palatal expander using a continuous wave Nd:YAG laser. The rapid palatal expander has become a useful treatment method for severe maxillary transverse deficiencies and posterior crossbites. Rapid maxillary expansion is a well-established method to correct transverse maxillary deficiency and arch length discrepancy. The major process parameters studied in the present laser welding experiment were the positions of focus, laser power and travel speed of laser beam. We measured the fusion zone size and its shape using an optical microscope for the observation of cross-sectional area and tension stress of a rapid palatal expander welded. Through the experimental investigation, the optimum speeds and power of laser without deficiencies of weld cross-sectional area were obtained.
Development of Free-form PALs for Correcting Wavefront Refraction
Baarg, Saang-Bai ; Jeong, Mee-Suk ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 27, issue 2, 2010, Pages 50~59
In this paper, two kind of free-form progressive addition lenses (PALs) were designed with Zernike polynomial surface and anatomically accurate finite presbyopic schematic eyes which have aspheric cornea, aspheric GRIN crystalline lens, aspheric retina, and Gaussian apodization factor. Geometrical and diffraction MTFs were used for the optimization process in sequence. 5th orders of Zernike polynomials were used for the evaluation of progression zones of the two examples. The target MTF was set as 0.22 at 100 lp/mm which satisfies the standard visual resolution. These examples were fabricated with a CNC diamond turning machine controlled by slow tool servo (STS). After polishing process, the wavefront aberrations were measured with a laser interferometer on the ten test points across the progression zones and then compared with three current commercially available PALs on the optical performance. Astigmatic aberrations of the examples are very lower than the three selected PALs and have more increased stabilized progressive intermediate zones and near zones. It is expected to give better clear and comfortable distance, intermediate and near visions than other conventional PALs and to improve the adaptability of presbyopic patients to PALs.
A Fuzzy Controller for Obstacle Avoidance Robots and Lower Complexity Lookup-Table Sharing Method Applicable to Real-time Control Systems
Kim, Jin-Wook ; Kim, Yoon-Gu ; An, Jin-Ung ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 27, issue 2, 2010, Pages 60~69
Lookup-Table (LUT) based fuzzy controller for obstacle avoidance enhances operations faster in multiple obstacles environment. An LUT based fuzzy controller with Positive/Negative (P/N) fuzzy rule base consisting of 18 rules was introduced in our paper
and this paper shows a 50-rule P/N fuzzy controller for enhancing performance in obstacle avoidance. As a rule, the more rules are necessary, the more buffers are required. This paper suggests LUT sharing method in order to reduce LUT buffer size without significant degradation of performance. The LUT sharing method makes buffer size independent of the whole fuzzy system's complexity. Simulation using MSRDS(MicroSoft Robotics Developer Studio) evaluates the proposed method, and in order to investigate its performance, experiments are carried out to Pioneer P3-DX in the LabVIEW environment. The simulation and experiments show little difference between the fully valued LUT-based method and the LUT sharing method in operation times. On the other hand, LUT sharing method reduced its buffer size by about 95% of full valued LUT-based design.
Automatic Focus Control for Assembly Alignment in a Lens Module Process
Kim, Hyung-Tae ; Kang, Sung-Bok ; Kang, Heui-Seok ; Cho, Young-Joon ; Park, Nam-Gue ; Kim, Jin-Oh ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 27, issue 2, 2010, Pages 70~77
This study proposed an auto focusing method for a multi-focus image in assembling lens modules in digital camera phones. A camera module in a camera phone is composed of a lens barrel, an IR glass, a lens mount, a PCB board and aspheric lenses. Alignment among the components is one of the important factors in product quality. Auto-focus is essential to adjust image quality of an IR glass in a lens holder, but there are two focal points in the captured image due to thickness of IR glass. So, sharpness, probability and a scale factor are defined to find desired focus from a multi-focus image. The sharpness is defined as clarity of an image. Probability and a scale factors are calculated using pattern matching with a registered image. The presented algorithm was applied to a lens assembly machine which has 5 axes, two vacuum chucks and an inspection system. The desired focus can be determined on the local maximum of the sharpness, the probability and the scale factor in the experiment.
Availability Model For The Remanufacturing System and Performance Index
Baik, Jae-Won ; Kang, Hae-Woon ; Kang, Chang-Wook ; Hong, Eui-Pyo ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 27, issue 2, 2010, Pages 78~85
The remanufacturing system is a series of industrial process in which worn-out products are restored to like-new condition. The remanufacturing system is differ from the repair system not only process characteristics but also product characteristics. So, it is required to design another model for the remanufacturing system which is distinct from the repair system and also performance index is required for the remanufacturing system. Therefore, in this paper we suggest the availability model for remanufacturing system by using Markov Process. This model represents each of the states of the remanufacturing system. Also performance indexes of remanufacturing system are introduced. Performance indexes are consisting of part reuse frequency and time, part disposal frequency and time. As a result, we can have a choice and control the proper part and offer useful information during the remanufacturing by using these availability model and performance indexes.
A Study on Structural Analysis and Optimum Shape Design of Tilting Index Table
Lee, Mun-Jae ; Lee, Choon-Man ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 27, issue 2, 2010, Pages 86~93
The tilting index table has attached to CNC machining center with 3axes, it can be improvement of its performance and its machining efficiency. The tilting index table is a key unit in order to manufacture some non-rotational and 3-dimensional parts, using the conventional machining center. In this study, structural analysis is carried out by FEM simulation using the commercial software ANSYS Workbench 11 to develop tilting index table using direct drive motor. The shape of the tilting index table obtained from the optimization was analyzed and compared with the initial model. Also, the initial model was modified based on the optimization model and the result was verified to have the acceptable improvement.
Evaluation of Residual Strength in Aircraft Composite Under Impact Damage
Choi, Jung-Hun ; Kang, Min-Sung ; Shin, In-Hwan ; Koo, Jae-Mean ; Seok, Chang-Sung ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 27, issue 2, 2010, Pages 94~101
Composite materials have a higher specific strength and modulus than traditional metallic materials. Additionally, these materials offer new design flexibilities, corrosion and wear resistance, low thermal conductivity and increased fatigue life. These, however, are susceptible to impact damage due to their lack of through-thickness reinforcement and it causes large drops in the load-carrying capacity of a structure. Therefore, the impact damage behavior and subsequently load-carrying capacity of impacted composite materials deserve careful investigation. In this study, the residual strength and impact characteristics of plain-woven CFRP composites with impact damage are investigated under axial tensile test. Impact test was performed using drop weight impact tester. And residual strength behavior by impact was evaluated using the caprino model. Also we evaluated behavior of residual strength by change of mass and size of impactor. Examined change of residual strength by impact energy change through this research and consider impactor diameter in caprino model.
Evaluation of Residual Strength of Carbon/Epoxy Laminates Due to Low Velocity Impact Damage
Kang, Min-Sung ; Choi, Jung-Hun ; Kim, Sang-Young ; Koo, Jae-Mean ; Seok, Chang-Sung ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 27, issue 2, 2010, Pages 102~108
Recently, carbon fiber reinforced plastic(CFRP) composite materials have been widely used in various fields of engineering because of its advanced properties. Also, CFRP composite materials offer new design flexibilities, corrosion and wear resistance, low thermal conductivity and increased fatigue life. However CFRP composite materials are susceptible to impact damage due to their lack of through-thickness reinforcement and it causes large drops in the load-carrying capacity of a structure. Therefore, the impact damage behavior and subsequently load-carrying capacity of impacted composite materials deserve careful investigation. In this study, the residual strength and impact characteristics of plain-woven CFRP composites with impact damage are investigated under axial tensile test. By using obtained residual strength and Tan-Cheng failure criterion, residual strength of CFRP laminate with arbitrary fiber angle were evaluated.
A Study on the Model Updating Procedures Using Modal Frequencies
Jang, In-Sik ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 27, issue 2, 2010, Pages 109~116
It is important to make a mechanical structure precisely and reasonably in predicting the dynamic characteristics, controlling the vibration, and designing the structure dynamics. In finite element analysis model updating is appropriate as the design parameter is used to analyze the dynamic system. The errors can be contained from the physical parameters and the element modeling. From the dynamic test, more precise dynamic characteristics can be obtained. In this paper, model updating algorithm is developed using frequency difference between experiment and calculation. Modal frequencies are obtained by experiment and finite element analysis for beams with various cross section and shapes which have added masses and holes in the middle. For plates with and without groove, experiment and analyses are carried out by applying free boundary conditions as well. Mass and stiffness matrices are updated by comparing test and analytical modal frequencies. The result shows that the updated frequencies become closer to the test frequencies in case that both matrices are updated. An improved analytical model is obtained by changing model parameters such that the discrepancy between test and finite element frequencies is minimized. For beam and plate models updating of mass and stiffness matrices can improve the dynamical behavior of the model by acting on the physical parameters such as masses and stiffness.
Design of Passive Vibration Attenuation System for a Vehicle HDD
Kim, Jin-Nam ; Kim, Young-Chu ; Kwon, Won-Tae ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 27, issue 2, 2010, Pages 117~122
The shock performance of hard disk drives has been a serious issue for Car PC. Since the vibration and disturbances from a car gives an adverse effect on a HDD of Car PC, it is necessary to protect a HDD from them. In this study, passive vibration attenuation system for a vehicle HDD was developed. Acceleration from the ground through the tire and suspension system was measured to figure out the frequency translated to Car PC. Critical frequency to Car PC was determined by exciting it with a shaker and measuring a data transmitting speed from HDD. A newly designed vibration attenuation system was fabricated to protect HDD from the acceleration. It was shown that the developed system had an excellent vibration attenuation ability.
Correlation between the Displacement of Center of Gravity and Lyapunov Exponent during Treadmill Walking
Kim, Soo-Han ; Park, Jung-Hong ; Son, Kwon ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 27, issue 2, 2010, Pages 123~129
The purpose of study is to investigate the correlation between the Lyapunov exponent (LE) and the displacement of the center of gravity (DCG) for clarifying walking stability on the treadmill. From fifteen young healthy subjects volunteered, lower extremity joint angles were recorded using a three-dimensional motion capture system with reflective markers. The anteroposterior DCG and the LE were calculated by a commercial software. A linear correlation between LE and DCG (p<0.05) showed that LEs compensated for walking distance on the treadmill walking. However, LEs were found to be independent of self-selected walking speeds by a negligible correlation between LE and the Froude number (p>0.05).
Variation of Paraspinal Muscle Forces according to the Lumbar Motion Segment Fusion during Upright Stance Posture
Kim, Young-Eun ; Choi, Hae-Won ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 27, issue 2, 2010, Pages 130~136
For stability analysis of the lumbar spine, the hypothesis presented is that the disc has stress sensors driving feedback mechanism, which could react to the imposed loads by adjusting the contraction of the muscles. Fusion in the motion segment of the lumbar spinal column is believed to alter the stability of the spinal column. To identify this effect finite element (FE) models combined with optimization technique was applied and quantify the role of each muscle and reaction forces in the spinal column with respect to the fusion level. The musculoskeletal FE model was consisted with detailed whole lumbar spine, pelvis, sacrum, coccyx and simplified trunk model. Vertebral body and pelvis were modeled as a rigid body and the rib cage was constructed with rigid truss element for the computational efficiency. Spinal fusion model was applied to L3-L4, L4-L5, L5-S1 (single level) and L3-L5 (two levels) segments. Muscle architecture with 46 local muscles was used as acting directions. Minimization of the nucleus pressure deviation and annulus fiber average axial stress deviation was selected for cost function. As a result, spinal fusion produced reaction changes at each motion segment as well as contribution of each muscle. Longissimus thoracis and psoas major muscle showed dramatic changes for the cases of L5-S1 and L3-L5 level fusion. Muscle force change at each muscle also generated relatively high nucleus pressure not only at the adjacent level but at another level, which can explain disc degeneration pattern observed in clinical study.
A Study of Biomechanical Simulation Model for Spinal Fusion using Spinal Fixation System
Kim, Sung-Min ; Yang, In-Chul ; Kang, Ho-Chul ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 27, issue 2, 2010, Pages 137~144
In general, spinal fusion surgery takes pressure off the pain induced nerves, by restoring the alignment of the spine. Therefore spinal fixation system is used to maintain the alignment of spine. In this study, a biomechanical study was performed comparing the SROM(Spinal Range Of Motion) of three types of system such as Rigid, Dynesys, and Fused system to analyze the behavior of spinal fixation system inserted in vertebra. Dynesys system, a flexible posterior stabilization system that provides an alternative to fusion, is designed to preserve inter-segmental kinematics and alleviate loading at the facet joints. In this study, SROM of inter-vertebra with spinal fixation system installed in the virtual vertebra from L4 to S1 is estimated. To compare with spinal fixation system, a simulation was performed by BRG. LifeMOD 2005.5.0 was used to create the human virtual model of spinal fixation system. Through this, each SROM of flexion, extension, lateral bending, and axial rotation of human virtual model was measured. The result demonstrates that the movement of Dynesys system was similar to normal condition through allowing the movement of lumbar.
Comparison of Motion Sensor Systems for Gait Phase Detection
Park, Sun-Woo ; Sohn, Ryang-Hee ; Ryu, Ki-Hong ; Kim, Young-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 27, issue 2, 2010, Pages 145~152
Gait phase detection is important for evaluating the recovery of gait ability in patients with paralysis, and for determining the stimulation timing in FES walking. In this study, three different motion sensors(tilt sensor, gyrosensor and accelerometer) were used to detect gait events(heel strike, HS; toe off, TO) and they were compared one another to determine the most applicable sensor for gait phase detection. Motion sensors were attached on the shank and heel of subjects. Gait phases determined by the characteristics of each sensor's signal were compared with those from FVA. Gait phase detections using three different motion sensors were valid, since they all have reliabilities more than 95%, when compared with FVA. HS and TO were determined by both FVA and motion sensor signals, and the accuracy of detecting HS and TO with motion sensors were assessed by the time differences between FVA and motion sensors. Results show of that the tilt sensor and the gyrosensor could detect gait phase more accurately in normal subjects. Vertical acceleration from the accelerometer could detect HS most accurately in hemiplegic patient group A. The gyrosensor could detect HS and TO most accurately in hemiplegic patient group A and B. Valid error ranges of HS and TO were determined by 3.9 % and 13.6 % in normal subjects, respectively. The detection of TO from all sensor signals was valid in both patient group A and B. However, the vertical acceleration detected HS validly in patient group A and the gyrosensor detected HS validly in patient group B. We could determine the most applicable motion sensors to detect gait phases in hemiplegic patients. However, since hemiplegic patients have much different gait patterns one another, further experimental studies using various simple motion sensors would be required to determine gait events in pathologic gaits.
The Effect of Intermittent Compressive Loading to Growth of Pre-osteoblast Cells
Choi, Sung-Kyu ; Park, Jeong-Hun ; Lee, Seung-Jae ; Lee, In-Hwan ; Kang, Sang-Sun ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 27, issue 2, 2010, Pages 153~159
Recently, it has been reported that mechanical stimulation takes a role in improving cell growth. Also, became generally known that skeletal system as bone or cartilage tissues take influence of compression loading. In this study, we fabricated a custom-made bioreactor and analyzed that conditions of compressive loading would influence cell growth. To compare the effect of intermittent compressive loading on cell-encapsulated agarose scaffold, we cultured preosteoblast cell (MC3T3-E1 cells) statically and dynamically. And dynamic culture conditions were produced by changing parameters such as the iteration time and interval delay time. Also, cellencapsulated agarose scaffold were subjected to 10 % dynamic compressive strain at 1㎐ frequency for 7 days. After cell culture, cell proliferation was assessed with PI stain assay for fluorescence images and flow cytometry (FACS).