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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Precision Engineering
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Volume & Issues
Volume 27, Issue 12 - Dec 2010
Volume 27, Issue 11 - Nov 2010
Volume 27, Issue 10 - Oct 2010
Volume 27, Issue 9 - Sep 2010
Volume 27, Issue 8 - Aug 2010
Volume 27, Issue 7 - Jul 2010
Volume 27, Issue 6 - Jun 2010
Volume 27, Issue 5 - May 2010
Volume 27, Issue 4 - Apr 2010
Volume 27, Issue 3 - Mar 2010
Volume 27, Issue 2 - Feb 2010
Volume 27, Issue 1 - Jan 2010
Selecting the target year
The Experimental Study about a Correlation between the Derailment Coefficient of the Railway Vehicle and the Track Alignment
Ham, Young-Sam ; Lee, Dong-Hyung ; Kwon, Seok-Jin ; Seo, Jung-Won ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 27, issue 8, 2010, Pages 7~12
When a vehicle is running, wheel is generating vertical and lateral force on the rail, in addition to load of vehicle, through a complicated set of motions. The derailment coefficient refers to the ratio of lateral force to vertical force(wheel load), and if the value exceeds a certain level, a wheel climbs or jumps over the rail. That's why the value is used as a criterion for running safety. Derailment coefficient of rolling stocks alters according to shape of rail track. I measured three-dimensional angular velocity and acceleration to use 3D Motion Tracker. Test result, derailment coefficient of rolling stocks and shape of rail track examined closely that have fixed relation. Specially, was proved that roll motion has the close coupling relation.
Design Method of Railway Wheel Profile with Objective Function of Eqivalent Conicity
Hur, Hyun-Moo ; You, Won-Hee ; Park, Joon-Hyuk ; Kim, Min-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 27, issue 8, 2010, Pages 13~19
A design method of railway wheel profile with objective function of equivalent conicity considering wheel dimension constraint, two points contact problem between wheel and rail was proposed. New design method shows good results. New wheel profile generated from optimization process shows better dynamic performance compared with initial profile as the purpose of wheel profile design. And to verify the design method with testing the stability of new wheel profile, we conducted a critical speed test for new wheel profile using scale model applied scaling method of railway vehicle dynamics. The result of critical speed test show good agreement with that of numerical analysis. From the above results, it is seen that the design method with objective function of equivalent conicity is feasible and it could be applied to design new wheel profile efficiently.
Wheel-Rail Contact Analysis considering the Deformation of Wheel and Axle
Choi, Ha-Young ; Lee, Dong-Hyong ; You, Won-Hee ; Lee, Jong-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 27, issue 8, 2010, Pages 20~27
A precise evaluation of the contact position and the distribution of contact pressure in a wheel-rail interface analysis is one of the most important procedures to predict fatigue life and wear of wheel and rail. This paper presents the analysis result of finite element method(FEM) to investigate how the deformation of a wheelset, which is the assembly of wheel and axle of a railroad vehicle, affect the contact analysis of wheel and rail. 3D-FEM was used to analyze three contact models; a model with only wheel, a model with wheelset, and a model with simplified wheel and rail geometry. The analysis result of the contact position and the distribution of contact pressure are discussed. It is shown that the analysis results of a model with wheelset represent largest value with respect to contact pressure and contact stress. Furthermore, it is found that the distribution of contact pressure and the contact position is highly affected by the deformation of wheel and axle. It is concluded that the deformation of axle should be considered to evaluate the exact contact parameters in a wheel-rail contact analysis.
Fracture Mechanics Characteristics of Wheel and Axle For High Speed Train
Kwon, Seok-Jin ; Seo, Jung-Won ; Lee, Dong-Hyung ; Ham, Young-Sam ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 27, issue 8, 2010, Pages 28~34
Railway wheel and axle is the most critical components in railway system. A wheel and axle failure can cause a derailment with its attendant loss of life and property. The service conditions of railway vehicles have become severe in recent years due to a general increase in operating speeds. Therefore, more precise evaluate of wheelset strength and safety has been desired. Fracture mechanics characteristics such as dynamic fracture toughness, fatigue threshold and charpy impact energy with respect to the tread, plate, disc hole of wheel and the surface of press fitted axle are evaluated. This paper describes the difference of fracture toughness, fatigue crack growth and fatigue threshold at the locations of wheel and axle. The results show that the dynamic fracture toughness,
, is obviously lower than static fracture toughness,
and the fracture mechanics characteristics are difference to the location of wheel tread and hole.
Contact Fatigue Analysis of White Etching Layer according to Thickness Variation
Seo, Jung-Won ; Kwon, Seok-Jin ; Jun, Hyun-Ku ; Lee, Dong-Hyong ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 27, issue 8, 2010, Pages 35~41
White Etching Layer(WEL) is a phenomenon that occurs on the surface of rail due to wheel/rail interactions such as excessive braking and acceleration. Rolling Contact Fatigue(RCF) cracks on the surface of rail have been found to be associated with WEL. In this study, we have investigated RCF damages of white etching layer using twin disc testing and fatigue analysis. These tests consist of wheel flat tests and rolling contact fatigue tests. WEL has been simulated by wheel flat test. It has been founded that the WEL with a bright featureless contrast is formed on the surface of specimen by etching. Rolling contact fatigue test was conducted by using flat specimens with the WEL generated by the wheel flat test. It has been observed that two types of cracks occur within the specimen. The contact fatigue test was simulated in 2D elastic-plastic FE simulations. Based on loading cycles obtained from the finite element analysis, the fatigue life analysis according to the thickness variation of WEL was carried out. The longest fatigue life was observed from the thickness of 20um.
Characterization of Contact Surface Damage in a Press-fitted Shaft below the Fretting Fatigue Limit
Lee, Dong-Hyong ; Kwon, Seok-Jin ; Ham, Young-Sam ; You, Won-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 27, issue 8, 2010, Pages 42~47
In this paper, the characteristics of contact surface damage due to fretting in a press-fitted shaft below the fretting fatigue limit are proposed by experimental methods. A series of fatigue tests and interrupted fatigue tests of small scale press-fitted specimen were carried out by using rotating bending fatigue test machine. Macroscopic and microscopic characteristics were examined using scanning electron microscope (SEM), optical microscope or profilometer. It is found that fretting fatigue cracks were initiated even under the fretting fatigue limit on the press-fitted shafts by fretting damage. The fatigue cracks of press-fitted shafts were initiated from the edge of contact surface and propagated inward in a semi-elliptical shape. Furthermore, the fretting wear rates at the contact edge are increased rapidly at the initial stage of total fatigue life. After steep increasing, the increase of wear rate is nearly constant under the load condition below the fretting fatigue limit. It is thus suggested that the fretting wear must be considered on the fatigue life evaluation because the fatigue crack nucleation and propagation process is strongly related to the evolution of surface profile by fretting wear in the press-fitted structures.
5-Axis Cross-Coupling Control System Based on a Novel Real-Time Tool Orientation Error Model
Byun, Je-Hyung ; Jee, Sung-Chul ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 27, issue 8, 2010, Pages 48~53
5-axis CNC machining now is getting popular because it can deal with complex shapes such as impeller, turbine blade and propeller without additional equipment or process, proving a set of various tool orientations. CAM software related to 5-axis machining is being developed quickly so that users can take advantage of potential capacities of 5-axis machine tools. However, only a few researches can be found in the area of control strategy development for 5-axis machining. This paper proposes a 5-axis cross-coupling control system based on a novel tool orientation error model. The proposed tool orientation error model provides accurate information on the tool orientation error in real time, which in turn enables directly controlling the tool orientation accuracy. The proposed control system also employs a contour error model to calculate the contour error and reflect it in the control as well. The accuracy of the proposed tool orientation error model is verified and the performance of the 5-axis cross-coupling control system in terms of both contouring and tool orientation accuracy is evaluated through computer simulations compared with existing 5-axis control systems.
A Study on the Wear Characteristics of the Ball End Mill According to the AlTiN Coated Layers
Cho, Gyu-Jae ; Lee, Seung-Chul ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 27, issue 8, 2010, Pages 54~61
In this research KP-4, one of the plastic mold steels, was coated with the AlTiN from one layer to four layers by the PVD method in the
cemented carbide ball end mill. Coated KP-4 was processed with various conditions. For example, slope of
the spindle rotation speed was changed from 10,000rpm to 16,000rpm, the tool feeding speed was changed from 1,300mm/min to 1,700mm/min, the depth of cut was also changed from 0.3mm to 0.9mm, and etc. Cutting component force according to the coating layer number, surface roughness, and the wear of tool were studied.
A Study on the Dynamic Response Characteristics of Lathe Boring Bar
Chun, Se-Ho ; Ko, Tae-Jo ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 27, issue 8, 2010, Pages 62~69
Internal lathe machining with a boring bar is weak with respect to vibration because the bar is long and slender. Therefore, it is important to study the dynamic characteristics of a boring bar. The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of overhang and cutting conditions on the dynamic response characteristics of a boring bar. For an efficient experiment, an
orthogonal array was applied and the results were quantitatively analyzed by ANOVA. Overhang, feed per revolution, and depth of cut were selected as independent variables. Meanwhile, dynamic stiffness, damping ratio, damping coefficient, and acceleration were chosen as dependent variables. The vibration signal was obtained from an accelerometer attached to the boring bar, followed by visualization by a signal analyzer. The effect of overhang was found to have a significant effect on the dynamic stiffness, damping ratio, and damping coefficient, but the other variables did not. As the length of the overhang increased, the dynamic stiffness decreased and the damping ratio increased. In addition, the damping coefficient increased until the length of the overhang was 4D (where D is the shank diameter), after which it remained constant. The acceleration decreased until the overhang length was 4D, and then increased sharply when the overhang was increased further. From these results, the behavioral trend of the damping characteristics changed when its overhang length was 4D. Consequently, there is a critical point that the dynamic characteristics of boring bar change.
Evaluation of Axial Residual Stress in Multi-Pass Drawn High Carbon Steel Wire Considering Effective Stress-Strain Curve at High Strain
Lee, Sang-Kon ; Kim, Dae-Woon ; Kim, Byung-Min ; Jung, Jin-Young ; Ban, Duk-Young ; Lee, Seon-Bong ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 27, issue 8, 2010, Pages 70~75
The aim of this study is to evaluate the axial residual stress in multi-pass drawn high carbon steel wire by using FE analysis and XRD. When FE analysis is applied to evaluate the residual stress in drawn wire of multi-pass drawing process, obtaining the reliable effective stress-strain curve at high strain is very important. In this study, a model, which can express the reliable effective stress-strain curve at high strain, is introduced based on the Bridgman correction and tensile test for multi-pass drawn high carbon steel wires. By using the introduced model, FE analysis was carried out to evaluate the axial residual stress in the drawn wires. Finally, the effectiveness of the FE analysis with the introduced stress-strain relation was verified by the measurement of residual stress in the drawn wires through XRD. As a result, the evaluated residual stress of FE analysis shows good agreement with the measured residual stress.
Efficient Layered Manufacturing Method of Metallic Sandwich Panel with Pyramidal Truss Structures using Infrared Brazing and its Mechanical Characteristics
Lee, Se-Hee ; Seong, Dae-Yong ; Yang, Dong-Yol ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 27, issue 8, 2010, Pages 76~83
Metallic sandwich panels with pyramidal truss structures are high-stiffness and high-strength materials with low weight. In particular, bulk structures have enough space for additional multi-functionalities. In this work, in order to fabricate 3-D structures efficiently, Layered Manufacturing Method (LMM) which was composed of three steps, including crimping process, stacking process and bonding process using rapid infrared brazing, was proposed. The joining time was drastically reduced by employing infrared brazing of which heating rate and cooling rate were faster than those of conventional furnace brazing. By controlling the initial cooling rate slowly, the bonding strength was improved up to the level of strength by conventional vacuum brazing. The observation of infrared brazed specimens by optical microscope and SEM showed no defect on the joining sections. The experiments of 1-layered pyramidal structures and 2-layered pyramidal structures subject to 3-point bending were conducted to determine structural advantages of multilayered structures. From the results, the multi-layered structure has superior mechanical properties to the single-layered structure.
Improvement of Ion Beam Resolution in FIB Process by Selective Beam Blocking
Han, Min-Hee ; Han, Jin ; Kim, Tae-Gon ; Min, Byung-Kwon ; Lee, Sang-Jo ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 27, issue 8, 2010, Pages 84~90
In focused ion beam (FIB) fabrication processes the ion beam intensity with Gaussian profile has a drawback for high resolution machining. In this paper, the fabrication method to modify the beam profile at substrate using silt mask is proposed to increase the machining resolution at high current. Slit mask is utilized to block the part of beam and transmit only high intensity portion. A nano manipulator is utilized to handle the silt mask. Geometrical analysis on fabricated profile through silt mask was conducted. By utilizing proposed method, improvement of machining resolution was achieved.
Mask Modeling of a 3D Non-planar Parent Material for Micro-abrasive Jet Machining
Kim, Ho-Chan ; Lee, In-Hwan ; Ko, Tae-Jo ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 27, issue 8, 2010, Pages 91~97
Micro-abrasive Jet Machining is one of the new technology which enables micro-scale machining on the surface of high brittle materials. In this technology it is very important to fabricate a mask that prevents excessive abrasives not to machine un-intend surface. Our previous work introduced the micro-stereolithography technology for the mask fabrication. And is good to not only planar material but also for non-planar materials. But the technology requires a 3 dimensional mask CAD model which is perfectly matched with the surface topology of parent material as an input. Therefore there is strong need to develop an automated modeling technology which produce adequate 3D mask CAD model in fast and simple way. This paper introduces a fast and simple mask modeling algorithm which represents geometry of models in voxel. Input of the modeling system is 2D pattern image, 3D CAD model of parent material and machining parameters for Micro-abrasive Jet Machining. And the output is CAD model of 3D mask which reflects machining parameters and geometry of the parent material. Finally the suggested algorithm is implemented as software and verified by some test cases.
Prediction of Photopolymer Solidification for Inclined Laser Beam Exposure
Kim, Young-Hyun ; Lim, Jong-Seon ; Yu, Gyu-Sang ; Lee, In-Hwan ; Ko, Tae-Jo ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 27, issue 8, 2010, Pages 98~104
It has been reported that the photopolymer solidification in the stereolithogrpahy process is mainly depend on the laser exposure conditions such as laser power and scanning speed. However, these researches were focused on the vertical laser exposure onto the surface of the photopolymer. In this research, we developed a mathematical model for the photopolymer solidification under the inclined laser beam exposure. Using the developed mathematical model, the photopolymer solidifications were simulated varying inclined laser exposure conditions. Developed mathematical model was in good agreement with the experimental result. This research can be applied to improve the surface roughness in the stereolithogrpahy process.