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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Precision Engineering
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Volume & Issues
Volume 28, Issue 12 - Dec 2011
Volume 28, Issue 11 - Nov 2011
Volume 28, Issue 10 - Oct 2011
Volume 28, Issue 9 - Sep 2011
Volume 28, Issue 8 - Aug 2011
Volume 28, Issue 7 - Jul 2011
Volume 28, Issue 6 - Jun 2011
Volume 28, Issue 5 - May 2011
Volume 28, Issue 4 - Apr 2011
Volume 28, Issue 3 - Mar 2011
Volume 28, Issue 2 - Feb 2011
Volume 28, Issue 1 - Jan 2011
Selecting the target year
Design Technology of High Speed and Precision Machining Center
Kim, Bup-Min ; Choi, Won-Sun ; Ha, Jae-Young ; Kim, Tae-Hyoung ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 28, issue 8, 2011, Pages 869~877
In order to manufacture precision parts which are used for IT and BT Industry by machining, users need higher speed & precision machining center. So, for development of this kind of machine, we designed gantry type machining center which is piling of 3 axes on one moving body and the 2-axis rotary table is fixed on the base. It is applied linear motor that is instead of ball-screw and servo-motor combination and 50,000 rpm high-speed spindle. Composite material structure called mineral casting or resin concrete is applied also. This paper presents design technology and evaluated results of high speed and precision machining center.
Design of a Machine Tool containing a 3-strut Parallel Kinematic Structure
Kim, Tae-Jung ; Kim, Suk-Il ; Nah, Seung-Pyo ; Kim, Ki-Tae ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 28, issue 8, 2011, Pages 878~885
A kinematically-hybrid 5-axis machine tool is analyzed from the perspective of machine tool design. Its kinematic characteristics are pointed out, which should be considered during the conceptual design process. A result of the structural analysis of the machine is presented, which is performed during the detailed design process. It is also presented how we improve the thermal characteristics of the machine tool by changing the installation position of the actuators.
Design of Thermal Displacement Compensation Sensor for High Reliability Machine Tools
Kim, Il-Hae ; Jang, Dong-Young ; Park, Jeong-Hoon ; Park, Sung-Wook ; Shim, Poong-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 28, issue 8, 2011, Pages 886~893
To increase the reliability and positional accuracy of a machine tool, a novel capacitive displacement sensor having a cylindrical shape is presented to measure the axial displacement of a machine tool spindle. Characteristics of the sensor were analyzed by numerical simulation. The sensor was built into a specific machine tool spindle and its performance was experimentally investigated. The accuracy of a thermal error compensation system of a machine tool can be enhanced greatly using proposed sensor.
High Reliability Design for New Concept Machining Center
Lee, Chan-Hong ; Kim, Yang-Jin ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 28, issue 8, 2011, Pages 894~903
In this paper, the capability index is introduced in order to improve the reliability of new concept machine tools and the method to improve the machine accuracy from the analysis of cutting process, statistical methodology and influence factors are proposed. In addition, the rib structure of bed and column in machine tools is analyzed by using the thermal impact method in order to analogize the rib pattern which has the small thermal deformation under thermal boundary condition. In the analysis of column rib structure, thermal boundary condition is separated to heat conduction and heat transfer to appropriate real boundary condition. Finally, performance chart of bed and column rib structure is provided for designer to estimate each rib pattern and select rib structure appropriating to thermal condition.
Evaluation Method of the Multi-axis Errors for Machining Centers
Hwang, Joo-Ho ; Shim, Jong-Youp ; Ko, Tae-Jo ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 28, issue 8, 2011, Pages 904~914
The volumetric errors of CNC machining centers are determined by 21 errors, including 3 linear errors, 6 straightness errors, 3 perpendicular errors, 9 angular errors and non-rigid body errors of the machine tool. It is very time consuming and hard to measure all of these errors in which laser interferometer and other parts are used directly. Hence, as many as 21 separate setups and measurements are needed for the linear, straightness, angular and perpendicular errors. In case of the 5-axis machining centers, two more rotary tables are used. It can make 35 error sources of the movement. Therefore, the measured errors of multi movements of the 5-axis tables are very complicated, even if the relative measured errors are measured. This paper describes the methods, those analyze the error sources of the machining centers. Those are based on shifted diagonal measurements method (SDM), R-test and Double ball bar. In case, the angular errors of machine are small enough comparing with others, twelve errors including three linear position errors, six straightness errors and three perpendicular errors can be calculated by using SDM. To confirm the proposed method, SDM was applied to measuring 3 axes of machine tools and compared with directly measurement of each errors. In addition, the methods for measuring relative errors of multi-axis analysis methods using R-test and Double Ball Bar are introduced in this paper.
A Study on the Surface Treatment of Dental Implant using a Fiber Laser
Shin, Ho-Jun ; Yang, Yun-Seok ; Hwang, Chan-Youn ; Yoo, Young-Tae ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 28, issue 8, 2011, Pages 915~928
Titanium for dental implant application has the superior properties of biocompatibility, specific strength, and corrosion resistance. However, it is extremely difficult to find a suitable surface treatment method for sufficient osseointegration with biological tissue/bone cell and implant surface. Surface treatment technology using laser has been researched as the way to increase surface area of implant. In this study, to develop the surface treatment process with improved adhesion between implant and bone cell at the same time for superior biocompatibility, pulsed laser beam was overlapped continuously for scribed surface morphology and determination of friction coefficient. As the results, surface area and friction coefficient was increased over 2 times by the comparison with sand blasting, which is used for the conventional method. In this time, the optimal condition for laser beam power and beam irradiation speed was 13 watt and 50 mm/sec, respectively.
Machining Performance of Optical Glass with Magnetorheological Fluid Jet Polishing
Kim, Won-Woo ; Kim, Wook-Bae ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 28, issue 8, 2011, Pages 929~935
As a deterministic finishing process for the optical parts having complex surface, machining performance of the magnetorheological(MR) fluid jet polishing of optical glass are studied and compared with a general water jet polishing. First, design of the jet polishing system which has the special electromagnet-nozzle unit for stabilizing the slurry jet based on MR fluid and the change of jet shape as magnetic field is applied are explained. Second, for the BK7 glass, machining spot and its cross section profile are analyzed and the unique effect of MR fluid jet polishing is shown. Third, both material removal depth and surface roughness are explored in order to investigate the polishing performance of MR fluid jet. With the same ceria abrasives and amount in the polishing slurries, MR fluid jet shows superior machining performance compared to water jet and the difference of material removal mechanism and its resulting performance are described.
Simple Adaptive Position Control of a Hydraulic Cylinder-load System Driven by a Proportional Directional Control Valve
Cho, Seung-Ho ; Lee, Min-Woo ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 28, issue 8, 2011, Pages 936~941
This paper deals with the issue of motion control of a single rod cylinder-load system using simple adaptive control (SAC) method. Prior to controller design, the experiment of open-loop response has been performed. Based on it, design parameters of transfer function are obtained and used for controller design. The effect of parallel feedforward compensator has been investigated by computer simulation, suppressing the oscillatory motion. Through experiments it is conformed that the SAC method gives good tracking performance compared to the PD control method.
Development of Four-Wheel Independent Steering Driving Platform for Agricultural Robot
Kim, Kyoung-Chul ; Yang, Chang-Wan ; Kim, Kyoung-Ju ; Ryuh, Beom-Sahng ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 28, issue 8, 2011, Pages 942~950
Automation is important in modern agricultural environment, which demands the highest level of technology. In the paper an independent four-wheel steering driving platform is developed especially for horticulture in glass house farm. Mathematical modeling of the four wheel system is carried out for smooth movement. The relationships between steering angle, the turning radius, and escape trajectory are simulated using the dynamic analysis program. Optimal driving algorithm is sought through the performance evaluation.
Vibration Analyses and Design of Resonance Avoidance of the Unmanned Helicopter Master
Lee, Seong-Chul ; Son, In-Soo ; Hur, Kwan-Do ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 28, issue 8, 2011, Pages 951~958
In this paper, the purpose is to investigate the vibration characteristics and the design of resonance avoidance of the unmanned helicopter master. Based on the Euler-Bernoulli beam theory for helicopter master, the equation of motion is derived by using extended Hamilton's principle. It was studied about the natural frequency of helicopter master as the design variances(tip mass, length and diameter of master). Also, it was compared the theoretical results for natural frequency with the results of FE analysis. The results of this study showed the vibration characteristics of helicopter master for the design of resonance avoidance.
A Study on Suppression of Lateral Vibration for Axially Deploying Beams under Gravity
Lim, Jae-Gon ; Yoon, Won-Sang ; Beom, Hee-Rak ; Hong, Seong-Wook ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 28, issue 8, 2011, Pages 959~965
This paper presents the dynamic modeling and vibration suppression methods for axially deploying beams subjected to gravity. A modal modeling method is employed to develop the lateral vibration model for axially deploying beams. Simulation is made to validate the proposed model as well as to investigate the dynamics of axially deploying beams. This paper rigorously investigates the gravity effect as a source of vibration for axially deploying beams. In order to suppress lateral vibration for deploying beams, the moving speed command is modified by using the input shaping method, Experiments are also performed to prove the proposed vibration suppression method. The simulations and experiments show that the proposed modeling and input shaping methods are effective for the dynamic analysis and vibration suppression of axially deploying beams subjected to gravity.
The Characteristics of Focused Ion Beam Utilized Silicon Mold Fabrication on the Micro/Nano Scale
Kim, Heung-Bae ; Noh, Sang-Lai ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 28, issue 8, 2011, Pages 966~974
The use of ion beams in the micro/nano scale is greatly increased by technology development. Especially, focused ion beams (FIBs) have a great potential to fabricate the device in sub micro scale. Nevertheless, FIB has several limitations, surface swelling in low ion dose regime, precipitation of incident ions, and the redeposition effect due to the sputtered atoms. In this research, we demonstrate a way which can be used to fabricate mold structures on a silicon substrate using FIBs. For the purpose of the demonstration, two essential subjects are necessary. One is that focused ion beam diameter as well as shape has to be measured and verified. The other one is that the accurate rotational symmetric model of ion-solid interaction has to be mathematically developed. We apply those two, measured beam diameter and mathematical model, to fabricate optical lenses mold on silicon. The characteristics of silicon mold fabrication will be discussed as well as simulation results.
A Numerical Study on the Effect of a Microfin with a Flexible Up-down Movement on Heat Transfer using a Fluid-structure Interaction (FSI) Method
Park, Ki-Hong ; Min, June-Kee ; Kim, Jin-Kyu ; Kang, Seok-Hoon ; Kim, Seong-Jin ; Park, Sang-Hu ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 28, issue 8, 2011, Pages 975~983
A microfin on a heated surface and its effects of the heat transfer has been investigated. The thickness of the fin is about 8 micrometer to allow the flexible up-down motion of the fin. Two-way complete FSI (Fluid-Structure Interaction) method has been applied for the analysis. Firstly, the deformation of a microfin due to the pulsating flow is evaluated using structure analysis. The flow and temperature patterns are predicted by CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) method. At each time step, using the pressure force and temperature distribution from CFD, the deformation of the wing is evaluated by FEM. Also in order to estimate the resonance probability, the natural frequency of the wing structure is calculated by modal analysis. The proposed numerical procedure was validated through experiment using a single fin. Through this work, we show that the increase of 40% in heat transfer capacity using the microfin has been compared with that of flat plate case.
A Study on Development of Humeral Intramedullary Fixation Nail based on Korean Cadaver Tests
Chon, Chang-Soo ; Lee, Jae-Won ; Ko, Cheol-Woong ; Oh, Jong-Keon ; Woo, Soo-Heon ; Lee, Sung-Jae ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 28, issue 8, 2011, Pages 984~991
The aim of this study is to develop a humeral Intramedullary fixation nail (HIFN) suitable for Korean people. In this study, CT images were obtained from 72 Korean cadaveric humeral bones and 3D Korean humeral bone models were reconstructed based on the CT images to investigate anatomical characteristics. Major design parameters of HIFN were selected using the morphological measurement information of the Korean humeral bone models. Through finite element analysis and mechanical tests, the developed HIFN prototype was compared with the Polarus HIFN (
, USA), and it was found that the HIFN prototype showed similar and/or superior mechanical performance compared to the Polarus HIFN. Also, clinical validation for the HIFN prototype was carried out to check predictable troubles in surgical operations. Finally, optimal design modification was proposed to prevent the possible axillary nerve injury due to the locking screw system of the HIFN prototype.
Development of In-wheel Motor for Power Add-on Drive Wheelchair
Hong, Eung-Pyo ; Park, Sei-Hoon ; Oh, Hong-Seok ; Ryu, Jae-Cheong ; Mun, Mu-Seong ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 28, issue 8, 2011, Pages 992~999
The recent power add-on drive wheelchairs (PADWs) provide greater physical activity, are easier to transport, and may be an excellent alternative for the typical manual or electric wheelchairs. The development of in-wheel motor for a PADW is the principal issues. In this paper, design, implementation, and testing of the permanent magnet synchronous motor (PMSM) for a PADW are presented. To design output power and torque of the motor, the equation of motion has been investigated. The design parameters were calculated and the dimension and shape of the motor which was limited by the In-wheel mechanism of the PADW were done by applying FEM and optimal design technique. The prototype of the motor mentioned above was fabricated with precise machining and assembling. Then the motor tested on dynamometer and the measured results of the motor were verified by comparing the design results. The fabricated motor was 80 mm in length with a diameter of 110 mm and small enough to be attached the driving unit of the PADW.
Development of Material Switching System for Microstructure with Multiple Material in Projection Microstereolithography
Jo, Kwang-Ho ; Park, In-Baek ; Ha, Young-Myoung ; Kim, Min-Sub ; Lee, Seok-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering, volume 28, issue 8, 2011, Pages 1000~1007
For enlarging the applications of microstereolithography, the use of diverse materials is required. In this study, the material switching system (MSS) for projection microstereolithography apparatus is proposed. The MSS consists of three part; resin level control, resin dispensing control, and vat level control. Curing characteristic of materials used in fabrication has been identified. Through repeated fabrication of test models, the critical fabrication error is investigated and a possible solution to this error is suggested. The developed system can be applied to improve the strength of microstructure and extended to fabricate an array of microstructures with multiple materials.