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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Crop Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 12 - Dec 1972
Volume 11 - Jul 1972
Selecting the target year
Basic Studies for the Breeding of High Protein Rice. I. Comparison of the analytical methods for the measurement of the protein content in the brown rice
Mun-Hue Heu ; Hak-Soo SUH ;
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 12, 1972, Pages 1~5
In order to compare the analytical efficiency of the Kjeldahal, Dye binding and Biurett method for the determination of nitrogen content in the brown rice, correlation coefficients were calculate with the analytical data obtained by the above mentioned 3 different methods for the brown rice of 36 varieties or lines grown at 5 different nitrogen levels (0, 7.5, 15.0, 22.5 and 30.0kg/10a). Analysis of variance were made for the data of 6 varieties among those 36, and compared the precision of the data obtained by the 3 analytical methods. The expenditure (in terms of chemicals and labour) required for the 3 methods are also compared. The results are summarized as follows; 1. The correlation between D. B. C. and Kjeldahl value were generally more significant than the correlation between the value of Biurett and the value of Kjeldahl. But, the D. B. C. method generally overestimates than the Kjeldahl method at both extreme low and extreme high nitrogen contents, and the Biurett method includes more dispersed error than other two methods, though the optical values are parallel to the Kjeldahl nitrogen values at any levels of nitrogen applied. 2. The varietal difference in nitrogen value obtained by the 3 methods were different at the different nitrogen level applied. That is the interaction between variety and analytical method, and between the nitrogen level and analytical method were significant statistically. 3. The coefficient of variance (C, V.) was largest in the data analyzed by Biurett method and next in the data analayred by D. B. C. method. In the data analyzed by Biurett, the C. V. increased along onglong increase of nitrogen applied. But, in the data obtained by D. B. C. or Biurett the C. V. increased along the decrease of nitrogen applied. 4. From the comparison of the expenditure (in terms of chemicals and labour) required for the analysis of 100 samples by 3 methods, it was noticed that, the Biurett or D. B. C. method largely curtail the chemical expenditure and labour costs. Especially the Biurett method could curtail more labour costs.
Induction of Male Sterility in Barley and Wheat with 2-Chloroethylphosphonic acid (Ethrel)
Eung-Ryong Son ;
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 12, 1972, Pages 7~14
Four treatment leveles(check 500, 1, 000 2, 000ppm) of Ethrel were applied to barley and wheat grown in greenhouse and fields at three stages (preboot, boot, afterboot) of growth in orderd to induce male sterility and to evaluate possibility of practical
-hybrid-seed production as gametocide. The results are summarized as follows. 1. The shortening plant height, especially the first internode length. spike length and decreasing 1, 000 seeds weight and induction of male sterility, were observed with all Ethrel theatments. The earier the stage of spraying at the boot and the higher concentration of Ethrel, the greater effects were observed. 2. The most practical level of inducing male sterility occurred ranging from 1, 000-2, 000ppm applied at all stages, while with increasing maturity, greater concentration of Ethrel were required to induce the same level of male sterility. .3. Great differences for male sterility per spike in bagged and unbagged spikes were shown with all treatments indicated ovary receptiveness, and that out-crossing has taken place, 4. Ethrel treatment induced more practicable extent of male sterility in barley than wheat. This results indicated that
-hybrid-seed production in barley with gametocide appears feasible if high combining ability lines were selected for increased out-crossing ratio. 5. There seemed to be no indication of additive surfactant influence on the Ehrel action in the present studies, and showed an interest on further studies on this matter.
Studies on the effect of silicate on nutrients up take using radioisotopes in rice plant. (I)
Choon-Johong Ro ;
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 12, 1972, Pages 15~20
There are still many problems on the physiological role of silicon in rice plants, although, it has been reported that silicate slag is the most effective fertilizer for the improvement of Akiochi soils. This experiment is carried out to investigate the effect of silicate of the mineral nutrition uptake by rice plants, using Ca45, P32, C136, and Mn54. The obtained results are summerized as follows; 1. Contents of mineral nutrients except silicon were higher in the rice plant grown in minus Si-culture solution a than in plus Si-plot. 2. Transpiration amounts appeared to be greater in the low content plant of silicon. 3. The rate of translocation to shoot of each ion absorbed by roots depended on the rate of transpiration. 4. It seemed that only CI uptake was found small in minus Si-root. 5. Silicate fetilizer did not affect the solubility of mineral ions in soils.
The effect of Lime and Potassium on Growth and Fruiting Characteristics of Peanut Plant
Se-Ho Son ; Ki-Jun Kim ; Ku-Taik Hyun ; Hyo-Sung Lee ;
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 12, 1972, Pages 21~24
1. The experiment was carried out to control the unfilled fruits in peanut with lime and potassium application. 2. There was increased tendency in branch length and numbers in accordance with the increased amount of lime and potassium, but the decreased tendency was found at over applied conditions of them. 3. Fresh weight of vegetative part was increased along with the increased amount of lime application by 100kg/10a. 4. Increased lime and potassium within the certain amount decreased the ratio of unfilled fruits. These fact raised were considered due to not only the increased number of two filled shell but the decreased number of one filled or unfilled shell. 5. Seed weight was influenced by both lime and potassium but lime seemed to have more effectiveness. Interaction between lime and potassium on seed weight was highly significant. 6. For the control of unfilled shell and obtain higher yield, it desirable to apply 15kg/10a of potassium and 100kg/10a of lime with optimum amount of nitrogen and phosphorous.
Studies on the effect of Silicate on nutrients up take using radioisotopes in rice plant. (II)
Choon-Johong Ro ;
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 12, 1972, Pages 25~29
This experiment was carried out to investigate the role of Silicon accumlated in rice plant under different conditions of light and humidity, using radioisotopes Ca-45, Mn-54, and P-32. This results obtained in are as follows; 1. Light effect is more severe in phosphate uptake by rice plant than is calcium. Amounts of phosphate uptake in light condition is six times more than in dark conditions, while that of calcium is double. 2. Change of relative humidity affects calcium absorption and transport from root to shoot. It seems not to be influenced in phosphate and manganese uptake by relative humidity. 3. More uptake of each element Ca-45, P-32, or Mn-54 was found in the rice plant applied with silicic acid. It is considered that there must be some relationship between silicon content and ion uptake in rice plant. 4. The transport ratio of nutrient from root to shoot shows a specific pattern that calcium is approximately 1.0 manganese 0.5 and phosphate 0.2 respectively.
Studies on the cultivation preceding crop of paddy-field of green vegetable(soybean for cook with rice) by short-day treatment
Ki-Jun Kim ; Jong-Sun Park ;
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 12, 1972, Pages 31~36
These studies were carried out to find out the proper plant spacing and the optimum amount of nitrogen for maximum yield, on the occasion of early planting with creen vegetable (soybean for cook with rice) at the low temperature in early spring. The plant spacing were applied in 5 levels (50cm
10cm and 30cm
20cm) and the amount of nitrogen were applied in 4 levels (non, standard, twice and triple-amount), The triple super phosphate and potassium chloride were applied only in standard amount. The promotion of flowering was practised by the short-day treatment for 10 days (11 hr. a day). The variety examined was the early maturing one, HOKKAI # 1. and the results are as follow. 1. The plant spacing for maximum yield by the promotion of branch, pod and garin per a plant recognized the fact that there were 2 levels (50cm
10cm and 30cm
20cm planting method) and the maximum yield by the promotion of pod and grain per area showed the fact that there were 2 levels (50cm
5cm and 30cm
10cm planting method) in narrow planting method. 2. The optimum amount of nitrogen applied for maximum yield of pod and grain per area recognized w hat was sufficient as standard amount.
Effects of amount of phosphate(
) applied on growth and yields of soybean
Ki-Jun Kim ;
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 12, 1972, Pages 37~41
This study has been conducted to estimate the proper amount of phosphatic fertilizer required to increase-yield in growing soybeans on newly reclaimed-sterile land which is short of phosphatic fertilizer. IKSAN, the variety chosen for this study, was planted, using the plant spacing
. Phosphatic fertilizer was applied in 4 levels in none, standard, double, and triple amount. and at the same time, nitrogen and postassium were applied only in standard amount. Randomized block design was applied in arranging the experimental plots. A series of results acquired are summarized as follows. 1. The fact was recognized that only the standard amount of phosphatic fertilizer is effective for increasing the pod numbers and the soybean yield per l0a. 2. The difference in stem length and stem diameter was very remarkable even among individual plants in the same plot, Throughout all four of the plots there were difference in stem length and stem diameter. That is to say, any invariable tendency on them due to the amount of phosphatic fertilizer applied could not be observed at all. 3. It was recognized that amount of phosphatic fertilizer applied did not have a considerable influence upon the weight of the seeds and the number of seeds contained in 0.l8ι. 4. It was observed that the weight of 1000 seeds was strikingly increased as far as double the amount phosphatic fertilizer.
Effects of 2-Chloroethylphosphonic Acid on Ripening and Total Alkaloid Content of Tobacco Leaves.
Doo-Kil Moon ; Eung-Ryong Son ;
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 12, 1972, Pages 43~48
The present experiments were carried out to find out the proper concentration of CEPA(2-chloroethy-lphosphonic acid) for the purpose of accelerating the leaf maturity and of reducing the nicotine content of tobacco. Varried levels of CEPA were sprayed Yellow Special A right after topping. The effects of each level CEPA treatment on leaf ripening and total alkaloid contents were periodically observed. The results are summarized as follows; 1. The higher the CEPA concentration was, the more the leaf maturity was accelerated. During the period from six to 11 days after treatment, the differences of leaf maturity among levels were prominent. 2. Treatment with CEPA only on the upper surface of the tobacco leaf, accelerated the maturity of that particular part treated, but not apparently the other parts of leaf. 3. The higher the CEPA concentration was, the more the accumulation of the total alkaloid was reduced. The reduction of alkaloid accumulation was evident after acceleration of leaf maturity. 4. Distinctive acceleration of leaf maturity was observed in the fully developed lower leaves, while reduction of alkaloid accumulation in the growing upper leaves. The degree of total alkaloid content reduced in the ripened leaves, however, were similer to all the leaves at different positions. 5. Yields of tobacco leaves were not significantly affected by CEPA treatment. 6. In the present experiments, it may be concluded that CEPA2, 000ppm is the most applicable level for accelerating leaf maturity and decreasing total alkaloid content. In the view point of the practical use, however, the applicable level is assumed to be properly choosed between 500 to 2, 000ppm, depending on the situations. 7. The mechanism of accelerating maturity and reducing alkaloid accumulation of tobacco leaves by CEPA, is further to be explored.
The Effect of Lime and potassium on the Number of panicles and Tillers
Wang-Keun Oh ; Sang-Beom Lee ; Chan-Ho Park ; Sung-Bae Kim ;
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 12, 1972, Pages 49~54
In order to learn the growth pattern of high yielding paddy and the effect of slaked lime and potassium on the growth pattern, a relationship between the number of panicles and tillers at different growth stages, as well as the effect of slaked lime and potassium on the increase of tillers were studied with three pot and one field experimental results. 1. The number of tillers at early stages of growth has little or negative correlation with the number of panicles. However. the correlation grows positively as the growth stage proceed and become to highly significant from the stage closing to the panicle formation. 2. Potassium is effective on increasing tillers and calcium on decreasing them. The above contradictory effect of potassium and calcium would practically be an important point for the establishment of high yielding technics of paddy, which be the one to be studied from the view point of plant physiology and soil chemistry. 3. The negative effect of calcium on tillering also seemed to be attributed to the pH rise of the media.
Varietal Differences and Drying Storage Effects for Some Treatment Conditions of EMS and MMS on Rice Seeds
Young-Sang Kim ;
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 12, 1972, Pages 55~62
In order to study the biolgiocal effects of dry back following EMS (Ethyl methane sulfonate) treatment on seeds of 'Dunghan Shali' that belongs to indica-type rice with various presoaking(24, 36, and 40 hrs respectivily) and treatment time(l, 2 and 3 hrs respectivily), this experiment was done. Seedling heights of wet seeds presoaked for 36 hrs was only greatly decreased with EMS treatment compared with other periods. In germination rate of wet seeds, all of these damage was not changed. For the drying back seeds, otherwise, seedling height and germination rate were greatly reduced depend upon the time of treatment and presoaking as well as storage effects after drying back. Reduction patterns, both seedling height and germination rate, between 1 week and 8 weeks after dry back were quite similar. The other experiment was carried out in order to study for the influences on the seedling growth as biological damage with EMS and MMS(Methyl methane sulfonate) treatments among different varieties. The indica-type rice varieties; Taichung Native No.1, Dunghan Shali and IR-8, were used as the experimental materials. From this trial some results were obtained as follows; 1. Both seedling growth and germination rate on all varieties, used, MMS, treatment showed more toxic effects than those of EMS treatment. 2. Seeding growth injury of rice seeds dried back was increased gradually, and then was approached the maximum at 6-8 days after storing. In IR-s variety, otherwise, growth damage was appeared a little. Germination rate of these were quite smilar, even though chemical used is different and storage period was prolonged. 3. It was showed clearly that varietal differences of chemical mutagene treatments were recognized.
Effects of Submergency due to Heavy Rains on the Yield of Paddy
Min-Shin Cho ; Won-Sik Kim ; Hoo-Seok Cheon ; Jin-Gu Lee ;
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 12, 1972, Pages 63~69
There was a concentrated heavy rain resulted in 450mm of precipitation from Aug. 18 and 19, 1972. Almost all the paddy grown in the main plain areas of KimPo, Bu Cheon and Pyong Taek(N. L.
55'92"E) have been damaged of submergency. The effects of the different degrees of submergency in different growth stages of paddy, on the yield of paddy, rates of fertilization, maturity and degree of heading have been observed, and may be summarized as follows. (1) When the paddy was damaged due to submergency at the heading stage, a) on the basis of normal paddy, the yield of paddy may be expected about 67,57,40,9 and 6% with the submerged periods of 0.5, 1. 0, 2.0, 3.0 and 4.0 days, respectively, and a significant-negative correlation was found between the periods of submergency and the yields. b) As in the yield of paddy, rapid decreases in the rates of fertilizations and maturities of paddy were found as the submerged periods are increased. When the submerged periods are 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, 3.0 and 4.0 days, the corresponding rates of fertilizations and maturities observed are 89 and 88,83 and 78,52 and 40,24 and 19, and 12 and 9%, respectively, showing significant negrative correlations. c) Considerable decreases of the degree of heading were found as the submerged periods are increased. resulted in a significant negative correlation at 1% level between the degree of heading and submerged periods. (2) When the paddy plants were under submergency just before heading, the damage was found to be less than that at heading stage. The yields were 86,82,60,36 and 10%, as compared with the normal yield, with 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, 3.0 and 4.0 days of the submerged periods. (3) When the paddy was under the submergency at the mid-stage of head sprouting, its damage was severer than that of just before heading stage. The yields of paddy under the different submerged periods, 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, 3.0 and 4.0 days, were 79, 64, 34 and 6%, respectively, of the normal yields. normal yields.
Effects of 2-Chloroethylphosphnic Acid on Ripening of Tobacco Leaves
Il Hou ; Han-Seo Koo ;
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 12, 1972, Pages 71~75
To investigate the effects of C. E. P. A(2-chloroethyl phosphonic acid) on the ripening of tobacco leaf, the effects on the yield and quality of leaf tobacco, this experiments were carried out during the period of from 1970 to 1971 at tobacco experiment station, Sosa, Korea and 3 locations. The results are summarized as follows. 1. The higher the C. E. P. A concentration was, the more the leaf ripening was accelerated. During the period from 3 to 4 days after treatment, the differences of leaf ripening among levels were prominent. 2. Treatment with C. E. P. A only on the upper surface of the tobacco leaf, accelerated the ripening of that particular part treated, but not apparently the other parts of leaf. 3. Distinctive acceleration of leaf ripening was, obserbed in the fully develope1lower leans, however, the upper leaves were indistinctive. 4. The higher C. E. P. A concentration was, the more the effect of ripening acceleration was. But the yield was reduced over 900ppm because of the low of growth of leaves and the reduced yield was 90% at the 3, 000ppm. So the proper concentration was regarded as 900ppm. 5. In the view point of the days of C. E. P. A ripening acceleration, it was shortened one days at 100 ppm, three days at 300ppm, three days at 450ppm, four days at 900ppm, seven days at 3, 000ppm. 6. In the point of curing process, it was possible that the curing time and fuel was reduced 29% and 45% respectively in the C. E. P. A treatment than the check. 7. Therefore, if it is treated the C. E. P. A at 900ppm in the tobacco cultivation, the quality shall be increased 13.5% and the price shall be increased 12% in the 10 Are. In the point of subsidiary affect, it is possible that the C. E. P. A ripening acceleration is shortened about 7 days at 3, 00ppm and curing time is shortened about 24 hours.
Studies on the Fruiting Phase of Rape Under the Different Cultural Conditions
Kae, B.M. ;
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 12, 1972, Pages 77~87
The fruiting phase of rape under transplanting and direct-sowing conditions has been studied at Mokpo during the 2 years period from 1970 to 1971. Two varieties, Yudal and Miyuki were used in this study. The planting space and sowing time were also incorporated into this study. The results could be summarized as follows: 1. The plant tape of rape was nearly umbrella-shaped of all, but has changed to the laid elliptical-shaped, broadly ovate and spindle-shaped under different varieties and cultural conditions in the plant diagram(Fig. 2). 2. The length of the primary branches for each nodes had a tendency to the symmetric apical curve with the apex at the upper 10-12th node in the transplanting. but to the upper bias apical curve with the apex at the upper 5-7th node in the dense-sowing(Fig.3). 3. The ear of main stem was longer, more pods, heavier 1, 000 grains and more grain yield than ear of primary branches of all, Especially, as for that, the rate of yield constitution per plant in the direct-sowing was higher than in the transplanting(Fig. 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9). 4. The ear-length of the primary branches for each nodes had a tendency to the relatively slowly apical curve with the apex at the upper 3-4th node in the transplanting, but to the lower bias apical curve with the apex at the upper 2nd node in the dense-sowing. Especially, the possibility of growth at the lower ears was few in the early variety (Fig. 4). 5. The number of pod per ear on the primary branches for each nodes had a .tendency to the curve of ear-length with the apex at the upper 5-8thnode in the transplanting and at the upper 4-5th node in the dense-sowing (Fig. 5). Accordingly, a high positive correlation was found between the ear-length and number of pod per ear (Table 2) 6. In the transplanting, the high rate of effective ear was from the upper nods to the 12th node, but below the 16-17th nodes was ineffective. However, in the early dense-sowing the high rate of effective was to the 7th node. but below the 10th nodes was. ineffective. Especially, in the early variety has difficult to secure of poi-numbers for ineffective of the lower nodes(Fig. 6.). 7. The density of pod setting of the ear of main stem was the longest of all ears, and the lower nods were, the shorter it became. That had a tendency to the evidently apical growth. However. in the early variety, it was lengthened according to growth of ear-length(Fig.7). 8. The pod-length of the medium nodes was longer than the upper and lower, and the possitive correlation between pod-length and number of grain per poi was very high(Table 2.). 9. In the grain yield per node of primary branches, the most yielding node of transplanting was the upper 9th node, of dense-sowing 4-5th node(Fig 8.), and the possitive correlation between grain yield per node and ear-length or number of pod per ear was very high(Table 2). 10. The grain yield of ear of main stem was higher than that of primary branches in the percentage of dependence for grain yield per plant. The limint node of 50% of dependence to cumulative grain yield per plant was the upper 7-8th node in tranplanting, in the early dense-sowing 4-5th node, and in tke late dense-sowing-3th node(Fig. 9). 11. In the weight of 1, 000 grains the lower nodes were, the lighter it becames in dense-sowing. Therefore, this was also lighter than in the transplanting to the (Fig. 10.). 12. The oil content of grain at the medium nodes was low in the early variety, but at the ear of main stem and upper 1st node it was extremely high(Fig. 11.).