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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Crop Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Crop Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 25, Issue 4 - Dec 1980
Volume 25, Issue 3 - Sep 1980
Volume 25, Issue 2 - Jun 1980
Volume 25, Issue 1 - Mar 1980
Selecting the target year
Types of Weed Community in Transplanted Lowland Rice and Relationship between Yield and Weed Weight in Weed Communities
S. C, Kim ; Keith, Moody ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 25, issue 3, 1980, Pages 1~8
Eight different weed community types growing in association with transplanted rice were identified in the experimental fields used in these studies. The Importance Value (LV.) of weed species growing in association with rice changed with time. The I. V. of Echinochloa glabrescens Munro ex Hook f. increased from 40 days after transplanting (DAT) until heading and then, decreased from heading to maturity of rice. However, the LV. of Monochoria vaginalis (Burm.) Pres!. and Echinochloa crus-galli ssp. hispidula (Retz.) Honda increased from 40 DAT to maturity while Scirpus maritimus L. decreased from 40 DAT. There was a high negative correlation between grain yield and weed weight at rice heading in all weed communities. The competitive ability of rice against weeds varied depending upon weed species. The highest yield decrease due to weed competition was obtained from the E. crus-galli ssp. hispidula-S. Maritimus community. Forty-two percent yield reduction was caused by competition of 100g dry weight of weeds per square meter of this community type at rice heading. The yield decrease for the same amount of weeds was 10% for the E. glabrescens community, 15% for the M vaginalis community and the M vaginalis-Scirpus supinus L. community and 21% for the M vaginalis-E. glabrescens-Fimbristylis littoralis Gaud.-S. maritimus community type.
Effects of Water Stress at Anthesis on the Growth and Grain Maturation in Barley
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 25, issue 3, 1980, Pages 9~14
This experiment was carried out to examine the effect of water stress at anthesis on the grain maturation and to interpret the immediate and resulting growth response in barley. The dry weight of root, stem, internode, flag leaf and grain under water stress was remarkably more reduced than that under no-water stress, respectively. Water stressed plants had heavier grain dry weight during 7.14 days after water stress than that under no-water stress, but this early response was reversed significantly in the later period. The relative turgidity of organs except grain under water stress was severely lowered than that under no-water stress. The net photosynthsis by rewatering after water stress had been kept at the lower level than that under no-water stress ti1l the late maturation.
Year Variations of Genetic Parameters Estimated on Maturity and Yield Characteristics
Chang-Hwan Cho ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 25, issue 3, 1980, Pages 15~20
Heritability of heading date, maturing date and culm length were high and the year variation was relatively low. Yield components were considerably low in heritability due to large year variation. Direct effects of number of spikes/
and 1, 000 grain weight to yield were high. For improved selection efficiency, at least three years continuous evaluation of experiments would be desired.
Investigation of Korean Maize Lines: N. Inbreeding Depression, Heterosis and Homozygosity of 69 Korean Maize Lines
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 25, issue 3, 1980, Pages 21~30
This is the fourth report in serial studies on the botanical characters of Korean maize lines collected. Several plant characters and genetical nature of lines were investigated and compared among selfed, sibbed and test crossed lines. Inbreeding depression and heterosis, and homozygosity expressed in percent were calculated. Throughout the study a great extent of variation of plant characters and genetical variation expressed in terms of inbreeding depression and heterosis were observed. The observed plant and genetic variation of plant characters were assumed to be enough for providing new breeding materials for future maize breeding program. The degree of homozygosity of Korean local maize lines suggested that a great portion of maize grown by Korean farmers presently are near or close to inbred and presumed to show a great heterosis when crossed to divergent lines.
Screening for Day Length Response Character in Soybean
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 25, issue 3, 1980, Pages 31~34
In order to evaluate the day length sensitivity of soybean lines, Korean native and other varieties were planted in different dates from May 4 to July 13. With early plantings flowering was delayed and little differences of flowering time among lines were observed with the early plantings as compared with those of late plantings. The positive relationship between number of days to flowering from plantings on May 4 and July 13 was found and screening for the day length sensitivity is recommended to plant either on the beginning of Mayor mid-July in the middle part of Korean peninsular. Among the soybean lines tested several day neutral lines were observed.
Studies on the Density of Soybean Aphids in Different Cultivars, Plantings Date and Spacings
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 25, issue 3, 1980, Pages 35~40
In order to evaluate the fluctuation of soybean aphid (Aphis glycines Matsumura) population, six leading soybean cultivars were planted on five different planting dates with three plant spacings. The survey of aphid population and climatical condition were made from June through September in 1978. According to the differences of planting dates and plant spacings the soybean aphid populations were varied, and varietal response to the aphid was significantly different. Counting of aphid infestation on top third trifoliolate leaf seemed to be efficient for the estimation of soybean aphid population.
Studies on Ecological Characteristics of Some Soybean(Glycine max (L.) Merr.) Cultivars l. Effects of Planting Dates on Yields and Other Agronomic Characteristics
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 25, issue 3, 1980, Pages 41~49
This study was carried out to find the most suitable soybean cultivars and optimum planting dates by checking yields and other agronomic characteristics in the Jeonbug area. It was observed that seed yields and other characteristics tended to increase for early planting dates, and the correlation between yields and other characteristics seemed to vary with planting dates. Tousan 73 and Williams among the 20 varieties used, appeared to have high yields no matter what the planting date, thus these are the most promising varieties in the Jeonbug area. However, further studies are needed on these varieties of soybeans.
Studies on the Heterosis Breeding in Rape by Using Cytoplasmic Genetic Male Sterile lines 3. Development of Complete Cytoplasmic Genetic Male Sterile Line "MOKPO-MS" Having Improved Quality of Oil and Oil Cake
Jung-Il Lee ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 25, issue 3, 1980, Pages 50~58
A cytoplasmic-genetic male sterile line(MS) in rapes of which fertility is not restored under any temperature regimes and have the better quaility of and oil cake was developed. A MS line named Mokpo-MS, which is form the cross between Tower and Isuzu and its stamens is degenerated completely by interact~g with cytoplasmic and nuclear genes was selected. This MS line was found as a complete cytoplasmic-genetic male sterile having the quality of oil and oil cake were greatly improved by introducing Zero-erucic and Zero-glucosinolate gene from Tower.
Effect of Lodging on Yield and Important Agronomic Characters in Rape
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 25, issue 3, 1980, Pages 59~62
An artificial lodging was made at various growth stages of the rape varieties Yongdang and Mokpo 29 to evaluate its effect on seed yield and other important agronomic characters. Results showed general increases in plant height and number of branches per plant whereas reductions in 1.000 grain weight, number of pods and seeds per plant in the severly lodged plots. As compared to control of lodging, about 29 percent yeild reduction was caused by the severe lodging treatment. Further more, the most severe lodging before blooming resulted in about 60% yield losses.
Correlations among Agronomic Characters of Ginseng Plants
Kwang-Tae Choi ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 25, issue 3, 1980, Pages 63~67
This study was carried out to seek the visible marker and make it easy to select the individuals or lines which have excellent characters. Ginseng plants of one to five years were used for this study, and agronomic characters, such as stem diameter. stem length, leaf length, leaf width, petiole length. stem weight, leaf weight, number of leaves, number of leaflets, main root length, root length, root diameter and root weight were determined and correlations among them were estimated. Generally, agronomic characters, such as stem diameter, leaf length, leaf width, number of leaves, number of leaflets, leaf weight and stem weight had positive and highly significant correlations with root weight per plant, the character that has great influence on yield.