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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Crop Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Crop Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 26, Issue 4 - Dec 1981
Volume 26, Issue 3 - Sep 1981
Volume 26, Issue 2 - Jun 1981
Volume 26, Issue 1 - Mar 1981
Selecting the target year
Effects of Strong Wind at Heading Stage on Glume Development and Yield Components of Rice
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 26, issue 3, 1981, Pages 219~225
Strong wind of 6.5m/s from electric fan was applied to rice at heading stage to find out the nature of wind damage to panicle. Damaged panicles caused by typhoon were sampled out of field to measure the yield and milling components. Wind-treated glumes were developed into two forms, fertile and sterile, and each of them showed all degree of glume discoloration. The number of fertile grains were higher than sterile grains in a damaged panicle. Averagesdegree of glume discoloration was higher in not flowered glume than in flowered glume. The more recently flowered glumes resulted the higher degree of discoloration among flowered glume. The percent of sterile grain to total number of grains was the highest at stage of just flowering. The glume discoloration representing wind damage at heading state advanced in degree in ten days after treatment compared to that just after treatment. Grain length and grain width were decreased with the increased degree of glume discoloration, while grain thickness was not changed greatly. Chalkiness was a little higher in damaged grain than in normal grain without definite trends by degree of discoloration. Ripening ratio, 1000 grain weight and yield decreased with increased degree of glume discoloration in damaged panicle by typhoon. Decreasing order in yield was white rice, rough rice and brown rice. Ratio of brown rice to rough rice increased, white rice to brown rice decreased, and milling recovery was not changed greatly with increased degree of 히ume discoloration.
Investigation on Uptake of Silica and Phosphorus and Rice Fertilization Impediment Occured in Yeongnam Area under the Cool Weather of 1980
Rae-Kyung Park ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 26, issue 3, 1981, Pages 226~232
To clarify the relationship between rice cool injury and the contents of silica and phosphorus in the soils and the rice plant, the investigation was carried out at ripening stage of rice from the different altitudes with different varieties throughout Yeongnam area. The rate of fertilized spikelets were decreased with elevation increase and the situation was distincted in the Japonica cross Indica hybrid varieties. The higher rates of
content in the leaves and stems or lower rates of that in the soils show the higher fertilization rates. The result seems to be caused by the different solubility and uptakes of silica and by the different availability and transformation of phosphorus. A positive correlation was observed between the content of silica in rice plant and the fertilization rates. The fertilization rate in Japonica varieties was higher than that of Indica cross Japonica hybrid varieties in the case of the same content of silica in plant as far as observed, but the increasing rate of fertilized grains due to increase of silica content was prominented in the hybrid varieties which probably demand more silica. Within the certain limit of silica and phosphorus content in rice plant, the more uptaking of silica might lessen the cool injury.
Variarions in Degree of Chalkiness of Rice Kernels According to Their Positions on Panicle
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 26, issue 3, 1981, Pages 233~238
This trial was conducted to find out some tendencies in variations of grain chalkiness according to their position on a panicle. To know the varietal character in variations of chalkiness and their relations with grain weight, distribution of chalkiness in bulk seed was observed for four varieties. Milyang 23, relatively clear variety and SR601-25-1, much chalky variety were checked for the grain chalkiness in their positions on the panicle. The results obtained are summerized as follows: Rice chalkinss were varied in degree from 0 (clear) to 9 (chalky) within a variety. Large number of grains were distributed to clear for clear variety and to chalky for chalky variety, but almost equal number of grains were distributed to all degree of chalkiness for intermediate chalky variety. For the relationship between degree of chalkiness and grain weight, chalky grains founded in clear variety and clear grains founded in chalky variety decreased in weight, while in intermediate chalky varieties both grains of clear and chalky decreased. There were great varietions in grain chalkiness on a panicle for both clear and chalky varieties. There was no definite trend in distribution of chalkiness except that the first primary branch and terminal grains in every primary branch showed clear in Milyang 23. Mean degree of grain chalkiness was relatively high in grains of middle part of panicle only from Milyang 23.
Reaction of Growth of Barley to Soil Stamping
Hyung-Soo Suh ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 26, issue 3, 1981, Pages 239~242
Soil stamping made plant type of barley prostrated root system developed well in deeper soil layer, the chlorophyll content of leaf high, ethylene production in leaf high and elongation of lower internode inhibited. Overall result was higher grain yield.
Comparative Studies on Growth Patterns of Pulse Crops at Different Growing Seasons II. Variation in Distribution of Flowering Dates and Pod Setting Ratio of Soybean, Azuki -bean and Mungbean
Kwang-Ho Kim ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 26, issue 3, 1981, Pages 243~250
Soybean, azuki-bean and mungbean were cultivated at different growing conditions, May 10, June 9, July 9 seeding, and May 10 seeding-short day treatment, to investigate the distribution of flowering date and the variation of pod/flower ratio. The growth habit type of the soybean variety used was determinate, but the azuki-bean and mungbean varieties used showed indeterminate growth habit. The pod/flower ratio ranged 38 to 48% for soybean, 23 to 34% for azuki-bean and 46 to 60% for mungbean along with growing conditions. Flower abscission for soybean and mungbean, and pod abscission for azuki-bean affected more on the number of matured pods. Soybean showed once full blooming period, but azuki-bean and mungbean showed two or three times full blooming period except July 9 seeding plot through the whole growing period. Flowers bloomed just after every full blooming period showed lower value of pod/flower ratio and higher pod/flower ratio was obtained from flowers bloomed before or far after full blooming at plots seeded May 10 and June 9 in three pulse crops. Most full blooming period of soybean coincided within 5 days near the terminal leaf appearance date, and number of flowers bloomed before terminal leaf expansion and matured pods from these flowers were major in every soybean plant at all growing codition plots. No relations were found between terminal leaf appearance and flowering or pod setting patterns of azuki-bean and mungbean.
Investigation on Korean Local Maize Lines VI. Use of a Korean Local Maize Line for Silage Production
Bong-Ho Chae ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 26, issue 3, 1981, Pages 251~256
Silage yield and nutritional values of a locally collected Korean corn line with high tillering and earing characteristics were investigated at plant densities from 2778 to 8333 plants/ l0a. This line and a non-tillering and nonprolific corn as a check were grown at four plant densities and at three planting dates. The Korean local line abbreviated as MET had the highest dry matter per l0a. The highest dry matter of the MET line compared with the check hybrid was due to the highest dry leaf weight of the MET line. The highest dry leaf weight of the MET line was due to the increased number of tillers of the MET line. Other plant parts such as ear weight, kernel weight and cob weight of the MET line were lower than those of the check hybrid. The dry husk weight per l0a of the MET line was higher than that of the check hybrid, probably due to the increased number of ears in the MET line. The total embryo production per 10 a of the MET line was significantly higher than that of the check hybrid. The increased portion of embryo of the MET line is probably responsible for the higher TON values of the MET line. No interaction between variety x planting dates or planting density was found, indicating that the MET line and check hybrid were both the same in effects of planting dates and densities. Both line and hybrid showed the highest dry matter production when the planting density was high and planting dates was early. When silage was made from either MET line or check hybrid the nutritional values in terms of crude protein, crude fat, fiber, and ash contents of the MET line were similar to those of the check hybrid. But the TON of the MET line was higher than that of the check hybrid, while the OCP of the MET line lower than that of the check hybrid. Amino acid contents of the MET line were also comparable to those of the check hybrid, while lysine content of the MET line was 10% higher than that of the check hybrid.
Effect of Nitrogen Fertilization on Growth, Dry Matter Yield and Nitrogen Use of Orchardgrass
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 26, issue 3, 1981, Pages 257~262
Field experiment with 0, 100, 200, 400, and 800 kg-N/ha-year application levels was carried out to study the nitrogen response in the early stage of orchardgrass pasture establishment at College Fann, SNU, in 1979 and 1980. Both the highest dry matter yield and maximum percent of N recovery were obtained at the same level of 200 kg-N/ha in the year of seeding. but those of the next year were obtained at 400 kg-N/ha level. Leaf area indices (LAI) and net assimilation rates (NAR) during each regrowth periods as well as total nitrogen contents of forage at each cutting time increased with applied N in both years. The maximum crop growth rate (CGR) over two years was estimated to be obtained when LAI reached to about 5. The accumulation of NO_3 -N in forage started from 400kgㆍN/ha application in 1980. and exceeded the safe level for ruminants at the level of 800 kg-N/ha.
Yielding Ability and Characteristics of Collections of Local Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.)
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 26, issue 3, 1981, Pages 263~268
Fourteen hundred and one landraces of sesame cultivated in Korea were collected and evaluated for their major agronomic characters and yield potential under conditions of May 15 sowing, 50\timesl5cm planting density and 4-3-2 kg/l0a of N-P_2
-K_2 O application in Suweon in 1977. Seventy nine percent of the collection had white seed coat color, and 29% was brown. One capsule type with two rooms-four cells was 75%, one capsule type with four rooms-eight cells was 20%, and three capsule type with two rooms-four cel1s were 5% of the varieties collected, But, two one-capsule type varieties with three rooms-six cells were also found. Days to flowering from emergence were long in the varieties collected in the central northern area, but short in the varieties collected in the southern area. Number of capsule per plant was more in the central northern varieties than in the southern varieties. Number of branch per plant was more in the one capsule type varieties with two rooms-four cells than in the three capsule type varieties with two rooms-four cells and in the one capsule type varieties with four rooms-eight cells. There were significant corelations between number of capsules per plant and grain yields in the one capsule type varieties with four cells. Grain yields had significant correlation with number of capsules per plant and number of branches per plant.
Study on the Characterisitics of Flowering in Winter Rape
Young-Am Chae ; Yong-Woong Kwon ; Jung-Il Lee ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 26, issue 3, 1981, Pages 269~272
To know the characteristics of flowering in rape, flower numbers, flowering speed, flowering period, pod numbers, pod formation period, and oil content were examined by individual plant and by each of branches per plant. The results are; 1) plant had in average 1, 400 to 1, 500 flowers, 2) completion of flowering per plant took 30 days, 3) pod numbers per plant was ranged from 560 to 630, 4) plant had 18 to 20 primary branches, 5) five days were needed for pod formation, 6) no difference in flowering speed by the position of branches, 7) flowering period was shortened by 0.5 days per branch by going to upper part, 8) oil content of seeds was significantly higher on the upper and lower part than on the middle part branches.
Improvement of Cultural Practices for a New Aromatic Tobacco ST 375-4 I. Effect of the Mulching Method on Yield and Quality
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 26, issue 3, 1981, Pages 273~277
This study was carried out in 1979 to establish the proper mulching culture method for an aromatic tobacco, ST 375-4. Three different methods of mulching were employed: Improved mulching (I. M.), General mulching (G. M.) and Non-mulching (N. M.). The number of seedlings per hole was 5 for I. M., and one for G. M. and N. M. In comparison with N. M., I. M. had shortened final date of leaf harvest by 14 days, enabling curing leaves before the rainy season. It also reduced transplanting labour hours by 44.9%. Yield and price value increased with improved mulching culture. There was little difference in relative light intensity at leaves between N. M. and I. M.