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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Crop Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Crop Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 26, Issue 4 - Dec 1981
Volume 26, Issue 3 - Sep 1981
Volume 26, Issue 2 - Jun 1981
Volume 26, Issue 1 - Mar 1981
Selecting the target year
Effect of Wollastonite and Nitrogen Application on the Growth of Rice Plant
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 26, issue 4, 1981, Pages 279~286
This study was conducted to find out the effect of wollastonite application in degraded saline soil condition on the growth of japonica rice variety. The variety, Palgweng was tested with 4 levels of wollastonite (200, 400, 600 and 400/200 kg/l0a) and two nitrogen levels (12 and 16 kg/l0a). The effect of wollastonite was higher in 16 than 12 kg of nitrogen application. The wollastonite application reduced rice leaf blast and dead left at lower nodal position, and increased percentage of effective tillers, percentage of ripened grains and 1, 000 grain weight. The SiO
content of upper leaf was higher than lower leaf in 200 kg of wollastonite application, but there was no difference under high wollastonite application (400 kg/l0a). Highly significant positive correlationships were obtained between SiO_2 content of plant at heading and percentage of ripened grains, (r=0.613) and SiO_2 content of flag leaf and percentage of ripened grains (r=0.407). Wollastonite application did not affect the development and degeneration of primary and secondary rachis branches of panicles, but it increased the number of spikelets. The highest grain yield was obtained with 16 kg of nitrogen and 600 kg of wollastonite.
Effect of Fertilization and Yearly Application of Identical Herbicides on Weed Succession and Yields of Rice
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 26, issue 4, 1981, Pages 287~292
The field studies were carried out in paddy field over a four year period in order to find out the effects of butachlor, nitrofen, oxadiazon or CG 102, benthiocarb-S, and bentazon applied successively to the same paddy field for four years on weed succession and rice yields under different fertilized conditions including compost, chemical fertilizer and straw application. Total dry weight of weeds was steadily increased yearly over 4 year period regardless of fertilized conditions, and significantly higher increase of weed dry weight was observed on non-fertilized and compost plots. The most dominant weed species was Scirpus hotarui, and Potamogeton distinctus, Eleocharis kuroguwai and Cyperus serotinus were predominated on compost plot, E. kuroguwai and E. aclularis on non-fertilized plot, E. kuroguwai, C. serotinus, and Monochoria vaginalis on chemical fertifizer plot, and C. serotinus on straw plot. When the same herbicides were used continuously on the same plots, weed control effect was decreased and thus weed population was greatly increased particularly on butachlor and nitrofen treated plots. P. distinctus, E. kuroguwai, and C. serotinus were predominated on butachlor treated plot, P. distinctus and C. serotinus on nitrofen treated plot, C. serotinus on benthiocarb-S treated plot, C. serotinus and P. distinctus on oxadiazon or CG 102 treated plot and P. distinctus on bentazon treated plot. Annual weeds were slightly increased by repeated annual application of oxadiazon or CG 102 and benthiocarb-S, whereas perennial weeds were predominated by successive application of butachlor, nitrofen. and bentazon for 4 years. Yield reduction of rice became prominent by successive application of same herbicides. particularly butachlor and nitrafen. This results suggested that successive annual application of same herbicides should be limited and herbicide combination or herbicide rotation should be applied to control the remaining weed species.
Determination of Size and Number of Sampling Units for Spike Count in Wheat
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 26, issue 4, 1981, Pages 293~297
An attempt has been made to determine the optimum size of sampling unit and the number of samples for a given precision in wheat, using the data collected from the various experiments in 1979/80. It was found that the coefficients of variation for number of spikes except the case of high-ridge broadcasting by 8HP rotarized seeder are in the same order of those for yield of wheat, and the regression coefficients associated with the coefficients of variation and the size of sampling unit were significant at 1% level of type I error. A wide range of variation in the size of sampling unit was observed for different methods of seeding, indicating the proper sizes of sampling units for 40cm \times 18cm, 60cm \times 18cm, 20cm \times 5cm, 120cm \times 90cm to be 0.40
, , 0.11
, , 0.55
, , respectively. The variance component for the experimental error was not physically possible to estimate due probably to high variability among the sampling units. The number of the sampling units per plot for a given precision of CV=12% was estimated to be one in an experiment with 4 replicates.
Comparison of Several Agronomic Characteristics as Affected by Seeding Dates
Hyung-Soo Suh ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 26, issue 4, 1981, Pages 298~303
A study was conducted to find out the varietal difference in some important agronomic characters in response to different seeding time in barely from 1975 to 1976 at Chikugo Agric. Expt. Station in Japan. Thirteen varieties which are diverse in growth period were used. Nine seeding time were tried. Seedling emergence, primary tillering, and formation of flower primodia were delayed in proportion to the seeding time. And also heading and maturing time showed the same tendency. This tendency appeared more conspicuous in the late maturing varieties. Therefore, days to heading and maturing duration were inversely shortened by the delay of seeding time and by earliness of variety. Number of spikes as well as culm length and spike length was reduced in the late seeding. Grain yield was reduced in all varieties by late seeding, easpecially with late maturing varieties. In this test, widely adaptable variety to late seeding time was not found, but earliness and high tillering in growth habit appeared more favorable to yield increase.
Studies on the Drought-Resistance of Major Food Crops I. Effect of Water Stress on the Plant Height, Seedling Dry Weight, Relative Turgidity, Protein and Reducing Sugar in Barley and Wheat Seedling Stage
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 26, issue 4, 1981, Pages 304~310
In order to observe the degree and response of drought-resistance and its physiological mechanism in barley and wheat, 5 species (16 cultivars) were tested for changes in plant height, seedling dry weight, chlorophyll content, leaf relative turgidity, soluble protein, reducing sugar and growth of seedling subjected to water stress by withholding watering for 8 days at 10 days (at the 3rd leaf stage) after emergence. The average rate of decrease of all cultivars was 15% in plant height, 24% in seedling dry weight, 32% in chlorophyll content, 27% in leaf relative turgidity, and 27% in protein. But reducing sugar content of control was increased 4 folds more than that of water stress. In the decreased rate of seedling dry weight of each cultivar, rye was shown to be lowest rate, and Baegdong, Mokpo #55, and 3 two-row barley were shown to be the highest rate. The degree of the decreased rate in 5 species was in the order of rye < < wheat < covered barley < naked barley < two-row barley. in the decreased rate of chlorophyll content, rye, Cheonggaemil and Olmil are the lowest group, and the highest one are Milyang #12, Bangsa #6, Hyangmaeg and Sacheon #4. In the decreased rate of leaf relative turgidity, the lowest group (22-25%) were rye, Cheonggaemil and Dongbori #1, and, on the other hand, the highest group (30-33%) were Baegdong and 3 two-row barley. In the decreased rate of soulble protein, the lowest group (14-17%) were Chogwang, Geurumil, Dongbori #1, and Mokpo #55, and the highest one was 3 two-row barley. The increased ratio of reducing sugar of water stress to control was 4 to 5 folds in rye and wheat, and about 2 folds in naked barley and 3 two-row barley. The degree of the increased ratio of 5 species was in the order of rye > wheat > covered barley > naked barley > two-row barley. In terms of the physiological and adaptive metabolism during the processing leading to drought-resistance, the degree of drought-resistance of 5 species to water stress at seedling stage was shown to be in the order of rye > wheat > covered barley > naked barley > two-row-barley.
Comparative Study of Labor-Saving Structure in Various Sowing Methods of Winter Barley
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 26, issue 4, 1981, Pages 311~317
As the low labor-productivity is being floated up to be the most limiting factor in barley cropping, the endeavor of many researchers concerned have been concentrated on recovering from that. For this reason, in this experiment 8 kinds of sowing methods were employed to survey the yield productivity and the labor-requirement of each methods. And with promising the possibility of consistent mechanization, both prediction of the assurable requirement of labor investment and calculation of the labor productivity in each method were estimated so that the possibility of labor-saving in barley cultivation investigated. Also sowing methods for labor-saving cultivation were presented according to the labor-structure of farm as divided with the phases.
Studies on the Relationship between Radiosensitivity and Mutation Induction in Soybean
Shin-Han Kwon ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 26, issue 4, 1981, Pages 318~323
This study was conducted to establish an effective radiation treatment and selection method for induced mutants in M_1 population of soybean treated with gamma-ray. About 64% of total M_1 plants was reduced in plant height up to 50 - 60% and among which 60 - 70% of the plants were contained mutations in M_2 generation. About 60% of the MI plants have born 6 - 15 seeds per plant and 50 - 60% of their progenies produced mutants in M_2 generation. Positive correlation between plant height and number of seeds per plant in M_1 population was found. Higher visible macro-mutation rate in M_2 was observed in the groups of reduced plant height and seed number in the M_1 generation, whereas the frequency of chlorophyll mutation was increased in the group of less damaged plants. The size of mutation sector was increased with reduction in number of seeds per M_1 plant and the mutants were occurred at random in all the parts of M_1 plants. For the effective selection of mutants in soybean mutation breeding, the M_1 seeds should be harvested from the radiation damaged M_1 plants with the application of higher doses of mutagens, and handling M_2 generation by bulk population method is recommendable.
Studies on Breeding for Disease and Insect Resistant Soybean Variety II. Resistance to Soybean Cyst Nematode (Heterodera glycines I.) by Soybean Variety
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 26, issue 4, 1981, Pages 324~331
Sixty five soybean varieties were tested to observe varietal response and to get the basic data for resistant variety breeding to soybean cyst nematode (Heterodera glycines I.). They were classified into five groups, from the most resistant to the most susceptible by decreasing rate of seed weight. A few Korean varieties were included in the most resistant group. In general, early maturing varieties were more susceptible. Total plant weight could be used as an important criterion to select a resistant variety to soybean cyst nematode.
Genetic Studies on Leaf Shapes in Soybeans IV. Diallel Cross Analysis on Gene Distributions Concerned with Some Characters of Soybean Leaf Parts
Kwon-Yawl Chang ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 26, issue 4, 1981, Pages 332~336
Seven soybean varieties and 21 F 2 hybrids of a diallel cross among these varieties were used as the materials, and genetic studies were conducted to evaluate the frequency and distribution of genes governing the characters of soybean leaf shapes. Partial dominance was exhibited by petiole length of trifoliates, petiole length of terminal leaflets, length of terminal leaflets, length of lateral leaflets, width of terminal leaflets Mean values of length of terminal leaflet were higher than those of lateral leaflets and length of leaflets were higher than width of leaflets, but mean values of width of terminal leaflets were shorter than those of lateral leaflets.
Growth Duration and Grain and Silage Yields of Maize at Different Planting Dates
Keun-Yong Park ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 26, issue 4, 1981, Pages 337~343
Growth duration and grain and silage yields of corn was studied at eight planting dates. Yield of com was similar among planting dates upto April 25 for grain and May 10 for silage, but it decreased as planting date was delayed after the critical planting date. The number of days from planting to silking varied from 108 to 52 days according to planting dates, but growing degree days (GDD) from planting to silking was similar regardless planting dates. Both the number of days and GDD from silking to physiological maturity was similar among the planting dates when corn was planted before the above critical planting dates. However, when corn was planted later than the critical planting dates, the number of days from silking to maturity was extended as planting was delayed although GDD was similar among the planting dates.
Effects of the Phytohormones on the Organ Differentiation and the Callus Induction from the Meristem Tip and the Segments of the Leaf and Stem of Potato by in vitro Culture
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 26, issue 4, 1981, Pages 344~349
This study was conducted to define the effect of 2.4-D, NAA, Benzyladenine, and basic mediums on the callus induction and the organ differentiation from the meristem tips and the stem and leaf segments of the potato. Benzyladenine promoted the induction and growth of shoot from the meristem tip of potato but inhibited initiation of roots and induction of callus. At higher concentration of NAA than 0.5 ppm and of 2.4-D than 1.0 ppm the shoots were not initiated but the callus was induced from the meristem. The callus growth was significantly promoted on the medium containing NAA than 2.4-0. The initiation and growth of the shoots from the potato meristem was significantly increased in the medium containing 2.4-D and BA, or NAA and BA, compared with those containing BA, NAA or 2.4-D alone. The callus was more easily induced from the stem segments than the leaf segments of potato. And the 2.4-D was more effective for the induction and growth of the callus than the NAA. MS medium diluted its concentration to 1/2 was more suitable for the initiation and growth of the shoots from the potato meristem than the MS standard medium. For the initiation and growth of the shoots from the potato meristem, the most desirable medium was the diluted MS medium containing 1.0 ppm BA and 0.1 ppm NAA or 0.1 ppm 2.4-D.
Improvement of Cultural Practices for a New Aromatic Tabacco ST 375-4 II. Effects of Vinyl Pot Size and Number of Plants per Pot on the Seedling Growth
Ik-Sang Yu ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 26, issue 4, 1981, Pages 350~356
An experiment was carried out to investigate the effect of the vinyl pot size and number of plants per pot on the seedling growth. Dry weight per plant, coefficient of variance and dry weight/fresh weight ratio increased as pot size increased, but competitive index, unit productivity and top/root ratio decreased. Dry , weight per plant decreased with increase in number of plants per pot, but coefficient of variability, competitive index and unit productivity increased. Dry weight per plant of the check plot (1 seedling/3.5cm
3.5cm pot) showed little difference between 3 plants/4cm x 4cm pot and 5 plants/5cm x 5cm pot. Temporary transplanting of five plants per 5cm
5cm pot saved seedbed area and seedbed materials by 60.9% and labor of transplanting by 36.3% as compared with check plot.
Effect of Row-width and Plant-spacing within Row on Yield in Safflower, Carthamus tinctorius L.
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 26, issue 4, 1981, Pages 357~362
This study was conducted to examine the best population density and agronomic characteristics affected by different row-widths and planting-spaces within row in safflower. As both row-width and spacing were narrowed, plant height and height to first branch were increased, and the number of branch per plant showed decrease. Plant height showed negative correlation with row-width, height to first branch showed negative correlation with row-width x spacing, and number of branch per plant had positive correlation with row width, and row-width x spacing but negative correlation with plant height. Yield was affected by spacing and row-width x spacing. In spacing, 5cm plot performed the best yield, and 30 x 5cm population density was the best cultural method to increase safflower yield. Yield had negative correlation with spacing and row-width x spacing, but positive correlation with height to first branch.