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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Crop Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Crop Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 27, Issue 4 - Dec 1982
Volume 27, Issue 3 - Sep 1982
Volume 27, Issue 2 - Jun 1982
Volume 27, Issue 1 - Mar 1982
Selecting the target year
Comparison of the Growth Duration of Rice Varieties Grown in Korea and Other Countries
J. K. Ahn ; J. H. Lee ; Y. S. Ham ; B. S. Vergara ; K. H. Kim ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 27, issue 2, 1982, Pages 99~106
Highly positive correlations were obtained between the growth duration of the 1978 IReTN entries in Chuncheon, Korea and all the experimental sites in 7 other countries. Among the entries the photoperiod responsive varieties had very long growth duration in Chuncheon although relatively early in flowering in the other low latitude sites. Selection under Korean conditions would eliminate the short growth duration varieties caused by photoperiod sensitivity in tropics or sub tropics. Except for photoperiod sensitive rices, selection of varieties or lines for optimum growth duration before further evaluation in other low temperature areas would be most effective in Chuncheon, Korea.
Inheritance of Branched Spike of Wheat
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 27, issue 2, 1982, Pages 107~110
Two strains of branched wheat introduced from CIMMYT were crossed with two varieties of normal headed common wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). The number of genes conditioning branching trait in the two strains was determined from the studies of
populations under longday and shortday conditions. Branching strains PH 119 appeared to have three recessive genes and PH 127 two receive genes. The segregating ratio of branching vs normal was unaffected by the different photoperods but the expression of branching trait was little more vigorous under the shortday condition. Both PH 119 and PH 127 had a single dominant gene for glume pubescence. Association between branching trait and glume pubescence was determined with the
-test for independence. Glume pubescence was not associated with branching in PH119
Chugoku 81 but was associated in PH119
Olmil (p < 0.05).
Studies on the Intergeneric Crosses in Triticeae I. Influence of Crossing Methods and Chemicals on the Hybridization Rate in Wheat-barley Crossings
Chang-Hwan Cho ; Byong-Hee Hong ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 27, issue 2, 1982, Pages 111~115
The trials were carried out for improvement of early maturing wheat varieties, desease resistant and good quality through transfering good characters of barley to the wheat, during 1980-'81. For these purpose, Chinese Spring, a wheat variety was used as male and Manker 16 a barley variety, as female parents. EACA(
-Amino Caprolic Acid) known as an inhibitor of blood coagulation was injected to all barley from 14 days until heading with 1
per culm at the level of 500ppM.
solution which accelerates pollen activity was also used with 75ppM concentration after pollination for two days including check to determine the single effect of EACA. Two different methods of the cross were used. One was bud-pollination, another was post-pollination. The result indicated that the post-pollination was better than bud-pollination in terms of pollination rate, even though formation rate of normal embryo was seemingly adversed. The new plant derived from barley-wheat cross was similar in phenotype to the wheat.
Relation of the Fertility and Grain Weight of Wheat and Barley to their Spike Differentiation and Development
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 27, issue 2, 1982, Pages 116~122
In three diverse wheat and one barley cultivars were used to examine the relation of the spikelet and floret differentiation to fertility and an winter wheat Norin 61 was used to examine the spikelet size gradients in the mature ear in relation to their grain development. The greatest number of grains and florets per spikelet, and the heaviest grains occurred in the low-mid part of the ear. Within the spikelets, the 2nd grain from the base was heavier than the I st or the 3rd one. In this region, the fertility of the 1 st floret was 97%, the 2nd 93%, the 3rd 88%, and 4th floret was 15%. The fertility of the wheat and barley was closely related to spikelet and floret differentiation. Barley spikelets was fertile as their differentiation stage was X that is 25 days before heading. Wheat florets were fertile as their differentiation stage was X that is 15-20 days before heading. But, they were sterile or reduced in fertility if they were not reached to the stage X.
Studies on Combine Harvesting Methods of Barley in Double Cropping Paddy I. Determination of Optimum Harvesting Date Based on Grain Yield and Quality
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 27, issue 2, 1982, Pages 123~129
To determine the optimum harvesting date with good grain yield and quality, six different harvesting dates were tested from 25 to 50 days heading with five days intervals, using two varieties of Baekdong, naked barley and Olmil, wheat. The dates when grain yield, 1,000 grain weight and grain/whole spike weight ratio were reached to the highest were 35 and 40 days after heading for Baekdong and Olmil, respectively. Various grain qualities such as unhulled grain, plumpness, protein content and whiteness of grain were also very good at that times. One day earlier harvesting before the optimum dates resulted in yield decreases by 3.9% for Baekdong and 4.4% for Olmil. And it might be delayed for each 5 days with Combine harvesting.
Studies on the Stomatal Movement and Related Environmental Factors to Stomate in the Wheat I. Measurement of the Stomatal Aperture and Diurnal Movement of the Stomata in Wheat 1.Measurement of the Stonatal Aperture and Diurnal Movement of the Stomanta on Wheat
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 27, issue 2, 1982, Pages 130~136
Experiments were conducted to establish a measuring method of the stomatal aperture in the leaves of the wheat plant, and to find the diurnal movements of the stomate in leaves of different position and tillers. The measurement methods used were the infiltration and the microrelief impression methods. The aperture of the stomate in the infiltration method was expressed in terms of the solutions pent ration into the leaf and this was refered to as the infiltration score. A score I represents injection with 10% iso-butyl alcohol＋90% ethylene glycol solution and a score 7 represents injection with 70% iso-butyl alcohol +30% ethlene glycol solution. A linear relationship was obtained between the infiltration score and average pore width in a large number. of the stomata observed in the leaves of the adaxial and abaxial epidermis. The aperature of the stomate of flag and the 1st leaf were exhibited diurnal change with the maximum aperture at 10 A.M. but that of 2nd leaf reached maximum aperture 2 hours later than upper two leaves. After reaching the maximum aperture the stomata gradually closed and then completely closed at 6 P.M. The aperture of the stomate in the adaxial epidermis and the base part of the leaf were larger than those in the abaxial and top part of the leaf, and aperture of the stomate in the leaves of the main stem was larger than those on the tillers.
Comparison of Inoculation Methods of Rhizobium to Alfalfa(Medicago sativa L.)
;Kyung-Soo Han;Zhin-Ryong Choe;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 27, issue 2, 1982, Pages 137~140
Three levels of inoculum concentration from 10 to 30 percent, three kinds of adhesive materials, gum arabic, methyl cellulose and carboxy methyl cellulose, and five different pelleting materials including 4 different sources of lime and calcium carbonate were compared to investigate an optimum condition for seed inoculation by counting the number of viable rhizobium cells. For a peat-cultured Rhizobium inoculant, 10 per cent was found to be an optimum by showing 3.5
viable cells per seed. The highest number of viable cells were observed from gum arabic at 40 per cent, methyl cellulose at 5 per cent and carboxy methyl cellulose at 4 per cent. Among pelleting materials, a dental lime for investment originated from Ransom & Randolph Co. Ohio, U.S.A. resulted best as pelleting material.
Studies on the Main Vine Training in Hops I. Effect of Vine Training Methods and Dates on Growth and Yield in Hops 1.Effect of Vine Training Methods and Dates on Growth and Yield in Hops
Dong-Woo Lee ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 27, issue 2, 1982, Pages 141~146
In the vine training methods, main vine training yield was 36% higher than the non-training. Main vine training date was studied for increasing cone yield in hops. Training was done four different dates from May 14 to May 29 including non-training as a check. Earlier training increased cone yield from 12 to 43% due to more beared branches per plant, longer branch length caused by accelerating the branch growth, and an increased of number of cone per beared branch and total cone number.
Studies on the Isolation, Culture and Fusion of Protoplasts from Plant Mesophyll and Cells Cultured in vitro
Se-Ho Son ; Won-Chai Chung ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 27, issue 2, 1982, Pages 147~154
This study was conducted to investigate an effective method of protoplast isolation, the plating efficiency for cell division, and fusion of plant protoplasts by polyethylene glycol for somatic hybridzation. The effectiveness of protoplast isolation was different with the various enzyme concentrations, but, in the protoplast isolation from tobacco mesophyll, the enzyme solution with 0.5% macerozyme and 2.0% cellulase was very effective. The protoplast isolation from callus cultured in vitro for a long period was not obtained in any of the enzyme solution used. Protoplasts divided actively at cell densities above
/ml and at
under 12hr illumination by inflorecient light (l50 Lux), regardless of presence of agar. The highest frequency of protoplast fusion was obtained after treatment with a solution of 0.33 M polyethylene glycol 1500.
Effects of the Topping Methods on Yield and Quality of Flue-Cured Tobacco
Yu-Sun Ban ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 27, issue 2, 1982, Pages 155~162
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of topping time and degree on the characteristics of three tobacco varieties, and to establish the early topping (Button stage) method at Eumseong Experiment Station, Korea Tobacco Research Institute in 1979-1980. The results are summarized as follows; yield increased in the plots of By 104, topping at button stage and under first leaf from floral axis. Quality was good in the plot topped at button stage and under first leaf from floral axis. Price per l0a was highest in the plot topped at button stage and under first leaf from floral axis.
Effects of Ethrel Applied to Aromatic Tobacco Seedlings on the Subsequent Growth and Development
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 27, issue 2, 1982, Pages 163~168
Tobacco seedling which were sown 20 days earlier than conventional, both at 4-5 and 7-8 leaf stages, were once sprayed with ethrel (0, 500, and 1,000 ppm concentrations) and transplanted simultaneously to investigate the subsequent effects. The number of leaves and days to flower were tend to decrease when seedlings were treated at an early developmental stage than at later stage. The highest yield was obtained from seedlings treated with 500 ppm of ethrel at the 4-5 leaf stage, showing 40% increment above conventional seedlings, partly due to more number and bigger size of the leaves. Finally possible mechanisms for the result were discussed.
Relationship between Environmental Conditions and the Growth of Ginseng Plant in Field II. Light Intensity under Shading Material and Photosynthesis
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 27, issue 2, 1982, Pages 169~174
Light intensities under and above shading material were measured at different layers (upper, middle and lower layers) and lines (lst, 3rd and 5th lines) on clear and cloudy days in S-year-old ginseng plant populations. Rates of photosynthesis and respiration were also measured in field. Light intensities of the 1st lines at upper and lower layers were relatively high as compared with the 3rd and the 5th lines, and there were no remarkable difference between the 3rd and the 5th line. But in middle layer, the light intensity of each line differed considerably. As compared with fair and clear day, the day of clear but much diffuse light showed high light intensity under shading. Relative light intensity was higher on cloudy day than on clear day. There were notable differences of photosynthetic rates among the lines and the rearest lines exhibited the lowest rates. But it was not considered that even the front plants demonstrated the maximum photosynthetic capacity.
Effects of Soil Water Regimes on Photosynthesis, Growth and Development of Ginseng Plant (Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer)
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 27, issue 2, 1982, Pages 175~181
This experiment was carried out to study the influence of the various soil water regimes on photosynthesis and growth and development of ginseng plant (3 years). The results were as follows: optimum soil water content for root dry weight and diameter appeared to be 62% of field capacity (13.9% fresh weight basis). The 62% field capacity showed superiority in leaf area, leaf dry weight and also in number of flower, fruit, seed per plant. Net photosynthesis rates per unit area increased with increasing soil water content but net photosynthesis rates per plant were superior in 62% field capacity. Rates of transpiration increased linearly with increasing soil water content but density of stomata decreased with increasing soil water content.