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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Crop Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Crop Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 28, Issue 4 - Dec 1983
Volume 28, Issue 3 - Oct 1983
Volume 28, Issue 2 - Jul 1983
Volume 28, Issue 1 - Mar 1983
Selecting the target year
Soil Moisture and Moisture Stress Prediction for Corn in a Western Corn Belt State
R. H. Shaw ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 28, issue 1, 1983, Pages 1~11
Iowa is in a very interesting position for a climatologist with respect to soil moisture, It is located in a transition zone between humid climates to the east, and dry climates to the west, As a result of this, soil moisture reserves may vary widely from year to year, and even from place to place within a year. A wet situation may prevail where free water can be found in the 5-foot profile and the tile are running.(omitted)
Studies on Agronomical Characteristics of Rice Varieties Recommended during 1910-1980 in Korea
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 28, issue 1, 1983, Pages 12~40
Heading behaviour of native japonica (GI) and Japanese varieties (GII) grown during 1910-1920s were thermo-sensitive, home bred varieties during 1930s (GIII) - 1950s (GIV) were photo-sensitive and semi-dwarf indica derived varieties released since 1971 (GV) were controlled by basic vegetative phase. Number of leaves on main culm was increased with varietal improvement and culm length was gradually shortened as variety improved. GV variety had the shortest plant height among the groups. The first internode length was about 30cm in all groups and difference of 2nd-4th internode length was caused shortening the culm length. Panicle length and diameter of panicle neck were shortened and became thinner as variety developed from GI to GIV, however, GV had longer panicle and thick panicle neck, respectively. Number of panicles/hill and straw weight/hill increased and became heavier as variety improve from GI to GIV but GV had moderate number of panicle/hill and relatively light straw weight. Number of spikelet/panicle has been reduced with varietal improvement but GV had the biggest number. Grain yield/hill also increased as variety improved, however, it was decreased as transplanting season postponed and GV had shown the most sensitive difference. Top dry matter weight at heading stage and at 20 days after heading (20 DAH) had no difference among the groups except GI which was the smallest. Average grain weight at 20 DAH was heavier in the order of GI > GII, GV > GIV > GIII. It had a little variation in GI & GII while that of other variety group showed significant decrease as transplanting delayed. Harvest index (HI) of GV was the highest at 54% for the earlier transplanting and GIII had the lowest HI. Difference of HI became conspicuous for the later transplanting, the varieties bred later had the lower HI when transplanting of rice delayed. At the earliest transplanting applied (May 15), the grain yield was higher in the order of GI > GIV > GIII > GII > GI, however, that of Tongil type variety (GV) was the lowest for the latest transplanting (June 29). Interrelationship among the agronomical characteristics and grain yield was discussed.
Studies on the Effects of Temperature During the Reduction Division and the Grain Filling Stage in Rice Plants I. Effect of Temperature at the Reduction Division Stage in Indica-Japonica Crosses
Kim, Kyu-Chin ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 28, issue 1, 1983, Pages 41~57
The effect of temperature 'during the reduction division stage on the Indica-Japonica rice varieties were studied in artificial temperature-controlled cabinets (Bioclimatic Laboratory). Varieties used were indica-japonica crosses (Suweon 264, Suweon 258, Milyang 29), indica (IR36, Lengkwang) and japonica rice (Jin-heung). The results obtained from this study are summarized as follows. The most sensitive stage to low temperature, the tetrad stage, was observed in each variety with the following auricle distance: Jinheung, -12cm; IR36, -3cm; Suweon264, -9cm; Suweon258, -3cm; Milyang29, -6cm and Lengkwang, +1cm. The tetrad stage occured when the palea elongation was about 50 to 60% of the final palea length at flowering stage in all varieties. The percentage of degenerated spikelets at tetrad as influenced by low-temperature treatment was very low in Jinheung and Lengkwang, but very high in IR36. In indica-japonica crosses only the 7-days treatments had a very high percentage. Between the 4-day and 7-day treatments as well as among all varieties, clear differences were observed in the low temperature induced sterility of 'special spikelets' (upper position grains at tetrad). In the 7-day treatments except in Lengkwang, all varieties showed very high sterility. It appears that the treatments is over the critical limit for treatment. However in the 4-day treatments, the intervarietal differences in sterility were very clear. In Jinheung, sterility was 46.8%; IR36, 67.6%; Suweon264, 60.9%, Milyang29, 62.2%; Lengkwang, 27.8%. A close relationship was observed between fertility and auricle distance. The lowest fertility of special spikelets was at the tetrad stage and the first contraction phase. Before and after the stage there was an increase in fertility. The palea length elongated nearly in a straight line from the spikelet formation stage to flowering. And there was a high correlation between palea length and auricle distance. distance.
Studies on the Effect of Temperature During the Reduction Division and the Grain Filling Stage in Rice Plants II. Effect of Air Temperature at the Grain Filling Stage in Indica-Japonica Crosses
kyu-Chin Kim ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 28, issue 1, 1983, Pages 58~75
The effects of air temperature on the grain filling stage of indica-japonica crosses were studied in artificial temperature-controlled cabinets, using Indica-Japonica crosses (Suweon 264, Suweon 258 and Milyang 29), Indica IR 36 and Lengkwang) and a Japonica rice (Jinheung). The optimum temperature to achieve maximum grain weight during the grain-filling stage was
for all varieties. Within the temperature range of 13 to
, the grain filling period was shorter as the temperature was increased. At the highest temperature
the upper-position grains ("special spikelets") of IR 36 required 13days after flowering to reach the maximum weight, in Jinheung 23 days, in indica-japonica varieties (Suweon 264, Suweon 258, and MiIyang 29) 18 days, and in Lengkwang, 23 days. In the case of Lengkwang, at
temperature range the upper-position grain also required same 23 days after flowering to reach the maximum weight. At the lowest temperature range of
, Jinheung required 68 days and Lengkwang 53 days after flowering to reach maximum grain weight. The whole panicle took 10 to 15 days later than the special spikelets to reach the maximum weight. At lower-than-optimum temperature range
, all IR 36 plant died within 15 days after flowering. In the case of indica-japonica varieties all plants died within 15 days only at
. There were more chalky grains when the temperature was higher and lower than optimum. The highest and lowest temperature range produced dead rice (black and dark red rice). Lower than optimum temperature ranges
affected grain quality (length, width and depth) at these temperature ranges, grains were shorter, narrower, and thinner than grains at the optimum temperature of
. With regared and the effects of temperature on frequency of grain weight at grain filling stage of indica variety IR 36, the highest
temperature ranges matched the frequency of grain weight curves. In Japonica variety Jinheung, at the three temperature ranges, that is, lowest
, the frequency of grain weight curve showed very different patterns, In the case of indica-japonica variety Suweon 258, the frequency of grain weight curve was midway between that of IR 36 and Jinheung. Jinheung.
Physiological Studies on Injuries of Cool Weather in Rice Plant I. Effect of Heading Date and Physiological Characteristics of Boron and Phosphorus Application Under the Cold Water Temperature in Rice Plant
Dong-Sam Cho ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 28, issue 1, 1983, Pages 76~80
In order to investigate the effect of boron and phosphorus for reduction of cold injury of rice, this experiment was undertaken by pot trial. Two levels of phosphorus and 6 levels of boron were applied once at the three stages such as tillering, panicle formation and meiosis stage. Cold water was irrigated to maintain cool temperature ranging 15 to
from panicle formation stage. It was shown a tendency that three to seven days of early heading were resulted by the 3, 5 and 10kg of boron application per 10 are. The ripening ratio and physiological root activity was rather slightly increased in the above boron levels.
Studies on the Growth and Nutrient Uptaking of Flag Leaf and Chaff of Rice Plant in Cold Injury Location II, Influence of Different Nitrogen and Silicate Application on the Nutrient Uptaking of Chaff in Rice Plant
Jong-Hoon Lee ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 28, issue 1, 1983, Pages 81~88
This experiment was conducted to study about influenced inorganic element contents of flag leaf and chaff with different nitrogen and silicate application in Jinan (sea level 303m). The recommended rate of fertilizer application above N 15kg/10a was poor for dry production increment in cold in July elevation and was demanded increment of silicate. In the elevation of cold in July high rates of nitrogen application produced more incomplete grain and a reduced cold tolerance. These effects were due to over-content of soluble nitrogen within flag leaf and disturbance of uptaking potassium and silicate. On the other hand, the application of silicate could increase yield by promoting resistance to cold- damage. The application of increasing level of nitrogen resulted in increasing the contents of total nitrogen and phosphate in both sterile and fertile glumes. The contents of potassium and calcium were the highest at the level of nitrogen 10 - 15kg/10a, but magnessium was rather high at low nitrogen levels. It is interesting that at any level of nitrogen, over 6% higher silicate contents were noted in the fertile chaff than in the sterile chaff. Application of increasing level of silicate fertilizer decreased total nitrogen contents, but increased the contents of phosphate, potassium. and silicate in the chaff. Increasing rate of silicate content by increasing silicate addition was remarkably higher in the fertile chaff than in the sterile chaff.
Studies on Physiological Action of Ethylene in Rice Plants IV. Nitrogen Responses and Ethylene Evolution in Different Varieties
Lee, M.H. ; Lee, J.H. ; Ota, Yasuo ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 28, issue 1, 1983, Pages 89~93
Rice plant was tested in the phytotron to know the varietal difference of ethylene production in different nitrogen levels. The high nitrogen concentrated varieties among tested varieties produced a large amount of ethylene. But high nitrogen concentrated leaf in the one variety produced less amount of ethylene. The varieties which produced a large amount of ethylene was remarkably increased ethylene in no nitrogen plot
compare to standard level
. In contrast low ethylene producing varieties was remarkably decreased in double nitrogen level
Influence of Internode Strength of Rice Plant on the Lodging Tolerance
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 28, issue 1, 1983, Pages 94~99
This experiment was conducted to study a cause of lodging on culm internode. The rice varieties were undergone on injuries by typo on 'Agnes' on Jeonbug Provincial in 1981 year. Long-culmed varieties had extreme lodging injury but short-culmed varieties were not serious. The lodging had weaken tolerance when culm internode was long, weight of internode per unit length was light, and culm diameter and culm wall were thin. The breaking weight of internode was light in lodging rice field. The internode length and the weight of internode per unit length between the breaking weight of internode had significant correlation. Lodging had high tolerance when the total nitrogen was low, phosphate, silica, cellulose and starch contents were high in internode. The difference of culm length and the weight of internode per unit length was high relationship with lodging.h lodging.
Effects of Submergence on Growth and Fertility Damages in Rice
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 28, issue 1, 1983, Pages 100~106
This experiment was conducted to study a cause of lodging on culm internode. The rice varieties were undergone on injuries by typo on 'Agnes' on Jeonbug Provincial in 1981 year. Long-culmed varieties had extreme lodging injury but short-culmed varieties were not serious. The lodging had weaken tolerance when culm internode was long, weight of internode per unit length was light, and culm diameter and culm wall were thin. The breaking weight of internode was light in lodging rice field. The internode length and the weight of internode per unit length between the breaking weight of internode had significant correlation. Lodging had high tolerance when the total nitrogen was low, phosphate, silica, cellulose and starch contents were high in internode. The difference of culm length and the weight of internode per unit length was high relationship with lodging.
Study on the Application Method of Fertilizers and Leaves and Stems of Irish Potato on Rice Crop Cultivated After Potato
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 28, issue 1, 1983, Pages 107~114
The study was carried out to find out the reasonable fertilization method for rice in the area of Irish potato cultivated paddy where has various nutritional disorders and pest problems. The treatment consisted of three different application methods of potato sterns and leaves with 4 levels of nitrogen application in each method. The application of potato sterns and leaves caused more release of
-N in the soils but the growth of rice were slightly hindered by the strongly reduced soil conditions when the nitrogen had been applied more than 10kg/10a. The application of half-dried or semi-decomposed stems and leaves of potatoes were caused to increase ripening ratio and 1,000 grain weight of rice with a relatively high
/N ratio in the rice plant, so the yield of rice increased 3-5% than the plot without potato sterns and leaves. The potash and silicate fertilizer would seem to be effective in the area of Irish potato cultivating paddy field since the contents of extractable potassium and soluble silicate in the soils is lacked. The suitable amount of nitrogen on rice cropping seems to be about 7kg/10a.
Growing Process of Tillers in Wheat and Barley and Its Contribution to Grain Production
Nam, Y.I. ; Ha, Y.W. ; Takada, H.Y. ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 28, issue 1, 1983, Pages 115~121
This experiment was conducted to investigate the growing process, nitrogen content of leaves and grain weight of the tillers of three wheat and one barley cultivars under space planting condition. The rates of the ear-bearing tillers were highest in the main stem (MS) and followed by the Ist, 2nd, 3rd tiller of the first order tiller. The leaf emergencies on main stem and tillers of barley were found simmilar results to synchronously emerging leaf theory reported by katayama, however, one or more leaves were emerged from the tillers of wheat comparing to the theoretical numbers. The orders of the ear primordia development were MS 1st 2nd 3rd tiller. The differences of ear development between main stem and tillers were greatter in wheat than in barley. Total nitrogen content in leaf decreased accompanying with growth and the highest content were found on the higher ordered tillers. The order of the proportion of each stem grain weight to the grain yield per unit area was MS > 1st≒2nd > 3rd tiller.
Barley Varietal Differences in Germination and Emergence Capacity under Different Water and Salt Stress Conditions
Eun-Sup Lee ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 28, issue 1, 1983, Pages 122~127
Germination and seedling emergence of 40 barley cultivars and lines having been bred in Korea were studied under different water and salt stress conditions containing different sucrose and KC1 concentration in laboratory at Suweon. This study revealed that the barley cultivars and lines differed markedly in their emergence rate index(ERI), total stand(TS), coleoptile length, seedling height, top and root weight. Those characters of the most cultivars were progressively reduced as water and salt stress increased. Jogangbori, Dongbori 1, SB 77460 and SB 77415 were less sensitive to both stress and will be useful for breeding sources. ERI was highly correlated with TS, coleoptile length and seedling height. ERI and TS between two different solutions were correlated each other, and this study indicated that for screening the varieties or lines tolerant to water and salt stress, both ways were available and should be screened genetic materials with a good germination and emergence rate in I stress conditions.
A Study on the Water Relation Characteristics of the Soybean Shoots through the Pressure Chamber Technique
E-Hun Kim ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 28, issue 1, 1983, Pages 128~132
The water relations parameters such as original osmotic pressure
, osmotic pressure
, at the incipient plasmolysis, the volume of osmotic water
at the full turgor, the relative water content
at the incipient plasmolysis, the volume of osmotic water
at the incipient plasmolysis, the volume of symplasmic and apoplastic water
at the maximum turgor,
and the elastic modulus were measured through the pressure chamber (DIK-PC-40 Model) technique with the Williams and Geumgangdaerip soybean cultivar shoots. The original osmotic pressure$(\P
)$, of the both cultivars shoots were appeared insignificant differences as 8.1 bar and 7.8 bar respectively. The osmotic pressure(
) at the incipient plasmolysis was 9.0 bar in Williams and 10.4 bar in Geumgangdaerip. The relative water content(RW
) at the incipient plasmolysis was 86.0 per cent in Geumgangdaerip and 92.6 per cent in Williams. The ratio of volume of osmotic water(
) at the incipient plasmolysis to total symplasmic water
was 83.4 per cent in Geumgangdaerip and 90.4 per cent in Williams. The elastic modulus of Geumgangdaerip shoots showed higher value than Williams$(8.5
Studies on Rapid Advancement of Generations for a Breeding Efficiency Promotion of Rape Oil Improvement IV. Effect of Green Plant Vernalization on Shortening the Growing Period of Summer Cultured Rape in Field
Jung-Il Lee ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 28, issue 1, 1983, Pages 133~138
In Korea, Brassica species planted in summer remain in rosette and do not flower. Seed production of vernalized rape seedlings grown in summer was evaluated to establish method of generation shortening and genetically pure seed production without isolation of seed fields. When vernalized rape seedlings of different maturity groups were transplanted in summer, all plants bolted and flowered, and average days from sowing to bolting and flowering was 37 and 58. respectively. It took 85days for early maturity group, 88 days for medium maturity group, and 108 days for late maturity group to mature. Seed yield of vernalized plants grown in summer was 8.8 gr per plant and 53kg per l0a which was 23% of seed yield of rape planted in autumn. However, enough seeds were produced to test oil composition and cake and to plant for a next generation. If seedlings are raised, they can be transplanted in more than 1, 000 times of original seed field, indicating that genetically pure seed can be produced without caging seed fields with nets and isolation of seed fields since other Brassica species do not flower in summer.
Effects of Coating Materials on Germination of Pelleted Tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) Seeds
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 28, issue 1, 1983, Pages 139~143
Nicotiana Tabacum L., cv. NC2326, Burley2l and Sohyang seeds were coated with different five materials - zeolite, serpentine, coal briquet ash, serpentine+zeolite and coal briquet ash+zeolite - to investigate the effects of coating on germination. The coating materials had different characteristics and gave varied effects on germination. Among three tobacco varieties, coated seeds of Burley2l showed the most sensitive responses in germination rate of decreasing and delaying at low temperature on seedbed and laboratory tests.
Coating Method and Germination Test of Coated Tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) Seeds
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 28, issue 1, 1983, Pages 144~149
Experiments were conducted to develop a pelletization method of minute tobacco seeds for easy handling at seeding by hand or for mechanical seeding. Serpentine, zeolite, and talc were tested as coating materials and the resulting pills were compared in size uniformity, hardness, length of time needed for coating, percentage of pills containing a single seed, and speed of disintegration when submerged in water. Talc was the poorest and zeolite was good only in hardness. On the other hand serpentine was good in most characters above, except for brittleness. This defect, however, was overcome by double coating, first with serpentine and followed by zeolite. This new pelletizing method results in optimum hardness, uniform size, and high ratio of pellets containing one tobacco seed. When compared to bare tobacco seeds, the double-coated seeds did not differ in germination test.