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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Crop Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Crop Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 28, Issue 4 - Dec 1983
Volume 28, Issue 3 - Oct 1983
Volume 28, Issue 2 - Jul 1983
Volume 28, Issue 1 - Mar 1983
Selecting the target year
Ecological Studies on Heading of Rice Plant I. The Response to Photoperiod of Major Rice Varieties
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 28, issue 2, 1983, Pages 151~163
This study was conducted to investigate the responses to photoperiod of some Korean rice cultivars at four levels of the day length, 10, 12, 14 and 16 hours. Generally the days to heading were reduced in the short day length. Japonica varieties seemed to have shorter basic vegetative growth phase and, were more sensitive to day length, while Japonica crossed Indica varieties showed longer basic vegetative growth phase and, were less sensitive to day length. All tested varieties could be classified into 19 ecotypes based on the periods of the basic vegetative growth phase and the sensitivity to day length.
Varietal Differences in Agronomic Characters under Different Altitudinal Locations with Equal Latitude in Paddy Rice
Park, S.Z. ; Lee, E.W. ; Lee, B.W. ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 28, issue 2, 1983, Pages 164~172
The present study was conducted to investigate the variations in morphological traits, yield and yield-related components of rice cultivars exposed to different weather conditions by growing at the locations with different altitude but with equal latitude. Three Japonica varieties (Daegoldo, Jinheung, Shin #2) and three Tongil type semi-dwarf varieties(Josaengtongil, Suweon 287, wx 817-65-2-3) were seeded at Suweon on April 21 and transplanted at Suweon (
N37 20', altitude 37m) and Jechun (
, N37 10', altitude 280-300m) on June 1 with the spacing of 30
15 em. The morphological traits, yield and yield-related components were measured. Culm length, paincle length and 1000-grain weight showed a little increase in Japonica varieties in Jechun as compared to those in Suweon and vice versa in semi-dwarf varieties, showing no significant differences. Number of panicles, per hill and number of spikelets per panicle among yield-related components showed remarkable increase in all varieties in Jechun as compared to those in 'Suweon but such inter-locational differences differed with varieties within varietal group and between varietal groups. On the contrary, grain fertility was higher in Suweon than that in Jechun and in Japonica varieties than that in semi-dwarf varieites , showing greater inter-locational difference in semi-dwarf varieties. Among Japonica varieties Jinheung and Shin #2 showed remarkable increase in yield in Jechun as compared to that in Suweon but in semidwarf varieties it was just the opposite. The importance of each of the yield-related component contributing to yield showed similar tendency 'regardless of locations in Japonica varieties. However, it was evidently different between locations in semidwarf varieties, where number of spikelets per panicle showed greatest direct effect on yield in Suweon but in Jechun so did grain fertility followed by the number of spikelets per panicle.
Utilization of Growing Degree Days as an Index of Growth Duration of Rice Varieties
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 28, issue 2, 1983, Pages 173~183
To evaluate growing degree days(GDD) as an index of growth duration of rice plants, 30 days old seedlings of 16 japonica and 14 indica/japonica varieties were transplanted six times from May 10 at the 10-day intervals at Gyeongsan in 1982. The number of days from transplanting to heading decreased as transplanting dates delayed in all japonica varietie and 4 indica/japonica varieties but that of 10 indica/japonica varieties decreased up to June 9 or June 19 transplantings and then it levelled off or increased with further delay of transplanting. However, GDD requirement was similar among transplanting dates at appropriate base temperatures; GDD could be better than calendar day system to classify maturity of varieties especially grown in a wide range of climatic conditions. Required GDD from transplanting to heading of all indica/japonica and early japonica varieties showened a smaller coefficient of variation (CV) compared to longer season japonica varieties. Among GDD methods, an accumulation of daily Max + Min temp./2 -
showed the smallest CV for the duration from transplanting to heading, but for ripening period GDD calculated with adjusted maximum temperature when it was higher than
showed the best results. Heading date did not affect required GDD for maturity of japonica varieties, but in indica/japonica varieties GDD decreased as heading date delayed; at late transplantings ripening period of indica/japonica varieties was less extended compared to japonica varietes due to a decrease in grain weight.
Studies of Physiological Action of Chemicals to Increase in Ripening of Rice Plant. I. Effect of Growth Regulators on Ripening of Rice Plant
Seo, G.S. ; Lee, J.Y. ; Kim, S.Y. ; Ota,Yasuo ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 28, issue 2, 1983, Pages 184~188
This experiments were carried out to know the effect of ripened grain under low temperature (
) and out door condition when 2 chemicals including. Dachigaren were applied at 7-8 days before heading and heading stage. Low temperature plot is more effective than out door temperature plot to chemicals. Secondary tillers is more effective than primary tillers to chemicals. SZ8028+ABA is the most effective chemical than Dachigaren and SZ8028. SZ8028+ABA is the most effective chemical regardless of low or high temperature to ripeness. Iri 327 is higher than Jinheung.. The plot of SZ8028+ABA or Dachigaren applied is higher than SZ8028 or control at 0-20% of sterile. Percentage of hulled rice above 2.0mm was increased 87.6% of Dachigaren, 88.7% of SZ8028 90.2% of SZ8028+ABA compared with 83.4% of control.
Studies of Physiological Action of Chemicals to Increase in Ripening of Rice Plant II. Investigation of Chemical Effect and Ripeness of Rice Plant
Seo, G.S. ; Lee, J.Y. ; Kim, S.Y. ; Ota,Yasuo ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 28, issue 2, 1983, Pages 189~194
The experiment was carried out to know the ripeness effect of Gemgang when ABA and BA were sprayed at the heading stage. ABA promoted the stomatal movement, BA kept plant from senescence. Percent of filled grain, grain weight, photosynthesis, content of chlorophyll, transpiration and content of ATP were measured at 1-week interval from 2-weeks after heading.
Influence of Rice Root Nematode Population, Hirschmonniella imamuri, on Growth and Yield of Rice
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 28, issue 2, 1983, Pages 195~201
This study was conducted to find out the damage of rice root nematodes on rice and determine the economic injury level. In pot experiments, rice root nematode, Hirschmanniella imamuri, suppressed the growth and reduced yield of a rice, Milyang 23, above critical levels. Tillering was depressed above 5, 000 nematodes per pot inoculum levels. Heading was also delayed by 6 days when inoculum level was above 20, 000. Weight of roots and grain yield in rice plants which inoculated with 20, 000 nematodes/pot were reduced by 41% and 31%, respectively. Economic injury level of rice root nematode appeared to be 1, 500 nematodes per 30g of fresh root on Aug. 30.
Varietal Variation of Grain-Filling Period under the Different Environmental Conditions in Barley
Hong-Suk Lee ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 28, issue 2, 1983, Pages 202~210
These experiments were conducted to study the relationship among agronomic traits, varietal variation of grain-filling periods and the effect of environmental conditions on the grain-filling in the ten selected barley cultivars. The varietal variation of grain-filling periods was of significance: Tokak had the similar increment in both greenhouse and field plot, Suweon two row was believed to be an cultivar with short grainfilling period. Cultivars with higher grain-filling rates tended to. have significantly lower ash content. Ash content of a cultivar tended to be lower when grown under favorable condition. At maturity, the time of development of yellow or dark pigment at the crease base could be a possible criterion for physiological maturity determination. However, this requires further study. Average grain-filling period in the different conditions was constant, but varietal differences were 9 days in the greenhouse and 5 days in the field. The grain moisture content was not constant in accordance to both cultivars and growing conditions. Average accelerated days for heading and ripening periods were very constant in comparision with field and vinyl mulching suggests that the selected materials will be useful for genetic study on grain-filling periods. The cultivars and grown conditions with higher accumulated temperature per
from early grain-filling had larger grain-filling rates and heavier 1000 grain weight. This study showed that if the variation among and within cultivars is to be minimized, the greenhouse and vinyl mulching plots could be useful for genetic study on grain-filling periods in
Basic Studies on the Native Colored-Soybean Cultivars I. Seed Characteristics and Performances in Growth and Yielding of Collected Colored - Soybean Cultivars
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 28, issue 2, 1983, Pages 211~215
Thirty eight varieties with high uniformity and clearance in grain quality among 70 colored soybeans collected from nation-wide provinces were investigated for their seed morphological and agronomic traits. As for seed morphological traits, grain volumetric size, grain weight, grain length, grain thickness, . hilum length and width were studied on the tendency of statistical dispersion and variations. As a result, four groups could be classified on the basis of 100 grains weight, so as small, medium, large, and super large groups, Also, as for agronomic traits, among others, the tendency of setting in flowering date, maturing date, yield components, and stem weight, stem length were studied on the basis of statistical inter-relationships between above mentioned characteristics. From the above, bigger variations were detected in weighing characters of soybean plants than in duration characters. And the flowering and maturing days showed significant relationships to the stem length, stem weight, also stem length and stem weight to the grain yield.
Studies on Genetic Analysis by the Diallel Crosses in
Generation of Cowpea(Vigna sinensis savi.)
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 28, issue 2, 1983, Pages 216~226
Genetic studies on the
generation of a set of half diallel crosses involving six cowpea varieties were conducted. by the randomized block design with three replications to determine combining ability, gene action and the relationships between parents and their
hybrids. The 12 agronomic characters namely, days to flowering, days from flowering to maturity, days to maturity, diameter of stem, length of internode, number of branches per plant, length of pod, number of pods per plant, number of grains per pod, number of grains per plant, 100 grain weight and grain weight per plot were observed, and the
generation of this diallel set of crosses was analysed for each character according to the method by Jinks and Hayman. The results obtained are summarized as follows: 1. Vr-Wr graphical analyses; The following seven characters, days to flowering, number of branches per plant, length of pod, number of pods per plant, number of grains per plant, 100 grain weight and grain weight per plot appeared to be partially dominant, and over dominance was found for days from flowering to maturity, days to maturity, length of internode and number of grains per pod. But diameter of stem indicated partial dominance near complete dominance. 2. Estimates of genetic variance components; In the degree of dominance,. eight characters, that is, days to flowering, days from flowering to maturity, days to maturity, length of internode, number of pods per plant, number of grains per pod, number of grains per plant and grain weight per plot were expressed larger than 1. And the characters, days from flowering to maturity, number of branches per plant and number of grains per plant as the degree of mean dominance (
/D) were found to be negative value over other characters. On the other hand, apprent asymmetry of dominance-recessive allele (
) produced comparatively estimates with lower value on days from flowering to maturity, length of internode, number of branches per plant and number of grains per pod. 3. Analyses of combining ability; Mean square value of GCA(general combining ability) appeared to be more important than those of SCA (specific combining ability) for most characters, and among them, grain weight per plot showed the highest mean square value in GCA and SCA. 4. Effect of combining ability; Variety 178 was expressed as the highest GCA effects in five characters (days to flowering days to maturity, number of pods per plant, number of grains per plant and grain weight per plot). SCA effects were differed from parents, characters and crosses, but crosses between TVu 1857
TVu 2885 and TVu 2702
J78 were shown to be highly with SCA effects on yield.
Effect of Plant Density and Planting Date on Growth and Grain Yield of Maize Hybrids
Jae-Young Cho ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 28, issue 2, 1983, Pages 227~232
Two single cross maize hybrids planted on May 4 and 25 and June 15, 1982 were grown at 40,000:55,000 70,000 and 85,000 plants per hectare to evaluate plant density effect on growth and grain yield at different planting dates. Two hybrids with different leaf angle (Suweon 19 with horizontal leaves and Suweon 58 with erect leaves) and the same maturity were used. The number of days from planting to silking varied from 74 to 58 days as planting was delayed from May 4 to June 15. However, growing degree days from planting to silking was about
regardless planting dates. Grain yields of two hybrids were significantly decreased as planting was delayed. The number of ears per 100 plants and the number of kernels per ear of two hybrids were linearly decreased with increasing plant density. The optimum plant density for Suweon 19 estimated by Duncan's method was about 55,000 plants hectare for May 4 and 25 plantings and decreased to 32,000 plants/hectare for June 15 planting. The optimum density for Suweon 58 was estimated to be about 71,000 plants/hectare for May 4 planting and 54,000 plants/hectare for May 25 planting, respectively.
Breeding for Inprovement of Fatty Acid Composition in Rapeseed, Brassica napus L. Ⅶ. Studies on Classification of Spring Nature Grade of Double Zero Rapeseed Varieties
Jung-Il Lee ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 28, issue 2, 1983, Pages 233~239
In order to obtain basic date for the cultivation and the breeding of double zero varieties of rapeseed, spring nature grade were investigated. Spring nature grade could be classified to 8 classes by the method of material maturity. The double zero varieties, Ⅶ group of spring adaptability has been developed from the cross "Oro" and "Midas" classified as summer type. A significant negative correlation was found between the spring adaptability and seed yield. On the other hand, a highly significant negative correlation was found between maturation and spring adaptability, cold resistnce and spring adaptability, plant from and spring adaptability. Ⅵ and Ⅶ group close to summer type showed spring growing adaptability, and 0, I and II group were appeared as winter type, autumn growing adaptability with cold tolerance.with cold tolerance.
Local Variation of Genetic Parameters of Arachis Hypogaea, L.
Jung-Il Lee ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 28, issue 2, 1983, Pages 240~247
Heritability of flowering date, length of main stem, weight of 100 grains and number of shells per square meter in peanut were high with low local variation. There was positive genotypic correlation between length of main stem and yield, No. of shells per square meter and matured seed ratio, No of shells per square meter and yield 100 grain weight and yield but was negative genotypic correlation between flowering date and yield. With the view of path-coefficients, length of main stem, number of shells per square meter showed highly direct effects at.. all locations.
Effect of Shading Conditions on Curing of Burley Tobacco in Pipe Vinyl Houses
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 28, issue 2, 1983, Pages 248~251
The effects of shading - 90, 70, 50, 30, 10% on curing burley tobacco was investigated in pipe vinyl houses. The curing in sunlight under transparent materials resulted in an increase in temperature and a decrease in relative humidity. But amount of light on tobacco leaves were less than 10% sun light in all treatments. Shading was delayed curing period, but cured leaves under transparent shading materials were off color and brittle. Filling power and combustibility were deteriorated as decreased shading. But quality of cured leaves were non significant between treatments. Effects of shading were believed that resulted in a decrease in temperature and an increase in relative humidity than light.
Studies on the Method of Reducing of the Photobleaching Leaves and Shortening the Curing Period in Burley Tobacco Stalk Curing
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 28, issue 2, 1983, Pages 252~257
This study was conducted to find out the stalk curing methods that can reduce photobleaching, and shorten the curing period in burley to bacco stalk curing. The results obtained summarized as follows. In the ventilation window-plot, the temperature within the curing house was high and the curing period was shortened, too. The rate of photobleached leaves of whole plant stalk curing-plot was higher than those of any other plots. In the ventilation window-plot, the labor of operating the curing house was saved and the yield and visual quality of cured leaves were high, too. For reducing the photobleaching of leaves, following procedures are desirable; to prevent the lower leaves from drying up and overripening at maturing stage, cut the stalk after first or second priming, shorten the curing period as possible when the 80% of leaf bodies changed brown.
Effect of Seed Maturity on Germination of Some Burley Tobacco Cultivars
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 28, issue 2, 1983, Pages 258~261
This experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of early seed harvest on germination of tobacco(Nicotiana tabacum L.) seeds. Seeds of seven burley tobacco were harvested every two days from 8 to 30 days after pollination and tested for germination. The results are; 1. Seeds harvested 12days after pollination germinated but germination rates were low and varied across cultivars. These seeds will provide viable seeds adequate for breeding program. 2. Germination rates of seeds harvested 24-28 days after pollination were high and showed none significant differences among cultivars. 4. Over-ripen seeds showed low germination rates cused by after-harvest or temporary dormancy.
Influence of Seed Dressing with Captan wp. on the Dehiscence of Panax ginseng Seeds
Jong-Chul Lee ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 28, issue 2, 1983, Pages 262~266
Influence of fungi living on the endocarp surface of depulped seeds of Panax ginseng on the dehiscence was investigated with a fungicidal treatment of the seeds and sterilization of the sand at the beginning of stratification. 1. Isolation frequency of the fungi living on the endocarp surface of de-pulped seed was reduced and hardness of the endocarp did not change significantly in seed treated with a fungicide Captan wp. 50%. A significant negative correlation
was found between the frequency of fungi isolation and the hardness of the endocarp. 2. Increase of water content in the seed treated with the fungicide was delayed 20days compared to the untreated. 3. Growth of the embryo and dehiscence of the seed was suppressed by the fungicide treatment. The length of the embryo was inversely proportional to the hardness of the seed. It is suggested that the fungi facilitate the softening of the endocarp thereby enhancing the supply of oxygen and water necessary for the embryo development, therefore, accelerate the growing of embryo and cause the dehiscence.
Studies on the Ouality of Boxthorn in Korea(Lycium chinense Miller)
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 28, issue 2, 1983, Pages 267~271
The southern parts varieties have shown higher content of Oleic acid, Linoleic acid, Vitamin A, Alcaloid, Ca, P and Fe than northern parts Varieties. The
content of narrow leaf were higher than wide leaf, on the other hand the Ca, Mg, Fe and
content of wide leaf were higher than narrow leaf. The content of
have shown higher in first yellow leaf date, the content of Ca has shown higher in first falling leaf date and the content of Mn and Cu content have shown higher in second new leaf date.
Canopy Structure and Light Interception as Related to Forage Growth and Dry Matter Production in Pure and Mixture Stands.
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 28, issue 2, 1983, Pages 272~279
Canopy structure and light interception were investigated as related to forage growth and dry matter production in four swards; pure orchardgrass, pure ladino clover, orchard-ladino mixture, and multi-mixture that was consisted of four grasses and three legumes. In spring, multi-mixture stand had the highest LAI, while ladino clover pure stand had low LAI but the highest leaf volume density(L
). In fall, both pure orchardgrass and orchard-ladino mixture had higher LAI and L
than others. Orchard pure stand was an electophile canopy with K, light extinction coefficient, of 0.29-0.43, pure ladino clover a planophile canopy with K of 0.72, and both mixtures a plagiophile canopy with K of 0.43-0.58. Dry matter yields had highly significant correlation with LAI in all stands. Optimum LAI for pure orchardgrass was estimated above 6.0 and for pure ladino clover, orchard-ladino mixture and multi-mixture were about 3.8,5.0 and 8.0, respectively. Conclusion was made that multi-mixture and orchard-ladino mixture had better canopy structure to improve light penetration and forage yield than pure stands.