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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Crop Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Crop Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 28, Issue 4 - Dec 1983
Volume 28, Issue 3 - Oct 1983
Volume 28, Issue 2 - Jul 1983
Volume 28, Issue 1 - Mar 1983
Selecting the target year
Interrelationship between Chemical and Physical Properties of Milled Rice
Je-Cheon Chae ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 28, issue 3, 1983, Pages 281~284
Interrelationship between. certain physicochemical properties of milled rice was investigated. Grain hardness and milling time were correlated with grain dimension. Equilibrium moisture content of rice upon soaking at room temperature showed a high negative correlation with the amylose content. The contents of protein, fat and ash had no relationship with hardness, milling time and equilibrium moisture content.
A Probability Method to Determine Rice Cropping Period Based on Temperature
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 28, issue 3, 1983, Pages 285~290
Two methods were tested to establish the cropping period for rice cultivation using the meteorological data. The Hanyu-Uchijima method was based on the normal average temperature to select the earliest possible transplanting date (ETD), the earliest heading date (EHD), the optimum heading date (OHD) and the latest maturing date (LMD). The probability method was based on the temperature occurrence probability. The cropping period based on the probability method gave higher stability than H-U method for year variability. The ETD by the probability of 75 to 90 percents was May 12 to 22 for northern part of Korea, May 15 to 25 for east coastal area and May 4 to 16 for southern part, respectively. In Chuncheon area, the rice varieties requiring more than 1700 degree-days from transplanting to heading might not be appropriate due to low temperature condition and those requiring 1900 degree days were not allowable in Kangreung area. The OHD was July 30 to August 8 in northern part of the country and August 11 to 16 in southern part for Tongil varieties which demand higher temperature than common Japonica varieties. The OHD for Japonica varieties were 5 to 7 days later than Tongil varieties. The LMD was September 30 to October 2 in northern part, October 13 to 14 in east costal area and October 7 to 14 in southern part, and was earlier than the first frost date.
Effect Analysis of the Factors Affacting Yield and Its Components in Rice
Young-Am Chae ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 28, issue 3, 1983, Pages 291~298
The effects of various factors affacting yield and its components in rice were estimated by analzing the yield forcasting trial data from 1966 to 1979. The results obtained are as follows: 1. The year effects was increased by 3.46kg per year, and one day early planting increased by 2,26kg. 2. The effect of japonica vareties was negative while that of indica-japonica hybrid varieties was positive and the effect of each varities was increased by 3.46kg per year. 3. The contribution of each effect of the planting date, nitrogen varity, pest control and other improvement of cultivation to yield was estimated as 1.76kg (14.5%), I.04kg (8.7%), 5.84kg(48.2%), 3.47kg(28.6%) per year, respectively.
Studies on the Root Development of the Rice Plants (Oryza sativa L.) in Accordance with Salt- diminution at the Saline Paddy Field
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 28, issue 3, 1983, Pages 299~304
It has been ascertained by a few researchers that soil conditions under which the rice plants were cultivated have some effects upon the root formation of the rice plants. But, much is not known about the root formation of the rice plants cultivated in the saline paddy fields. The goal of the present investigation is to study morphological effects of the soil salinity on the development of the rice root system. The following results were obtained: 1. Under the conditions of higher soil salinity, root systems developed well at surface soil, however, root systems developed well and distributed evenly through surface and sub-soil at the saline fields where soil salinity was lower. 2. The rice plants cultivated in the higher soil salinity form less crown roots than the rice plants which cultivated at the lower soil salinity. 3. As for the formation of the stunted roots, it was found out that relatively rice plant cultivated in higher soil salinity forms more stunted roots than the rice plants cultivated in lower soil salinity. 4. The crown root cultivated in the higher soil salinity forms more lateral roots per unit langth than the root cultivated in lower soil salinity. 5. As for the root hair formation, the crown root cultivated in higher soil salinity bears less haired epidermis and shorter root hairs than the root cultivated in lower soil salinity.
Studies on the Variation of Vegetation and Rice Root Formation Accompanied with the Desaltation at the Reclaimed! Tidal Fields
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 28, issue 3, 1983, Pages 305~309
To know the effect of desaltation in the reclaimed tidal fields on the succession of vegetation and on the root hair formation of paddy rice, reclaimed fields in Kang Hwa Island, Nam-Yang Bay and Ke-Hwa Island were investigated during summer crop season in 1982. The obtained results can be summarized as followings. l) In the highly salty and water logged areas of reclaimed tidal fields, the first dominating species of higher plant were observed to be Salicornia herbacea L. and Suaeda japonica Makino. With the continued desaltation, Chemopodium virgatum Thumb. occurred in the vegetation. After this transition, the dominating species were composed of Scirpus maitimus L. and Phragmites communis Trin. At the S. maitimus and P. communis dominating salinity level, rice cultivation was safe from the salt damage. 2) In the water logged area, Artemisia capillaria Thunb. and Aster tripolium L. took the place of dominating species after S. herbacea and S. japonica. At this salinity level, graminaceous weeds began to immigrate. 3) In dry areas, Suaeda asparagoides Makino and Suaeda maritima were the first appearing dominant species. Atriplex subcordata Kitakawa was also observed in sucy dry areas, but colony formation was not observed. 4) Plants immigrated slowly into dry areas from the already vegetated water logged areas with the continuation of desaltation. 5) The high soil salinity level affected the root hair formation of rice by reducing both the rate of root hair formation and the length of root hairs.
Comparison of Some Methodologies for Vegetation Analysis in Transplanted Rice
Kim, Soon-Chul ; Keith Moody ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 28, issue 3, 1983, Pages 310~318
Four methods of vegetation analysis were compared to determine the most suitable method to use in transplanted rice. The highest number of weed species, 14 was obtained with the list quadrat method while the least number, 8 was obtained with the line intercept method. The clip quadrat method tended to overestimate weed species with a low moisture content such as Sagittaria trifolia L. and Ludwigia prostrata Roxb while for the list quadrat method, weed species with a high moisture content such as Sagittaria pygmaea Miq. and Monochoria vaginalis (Burm. f) Pres 1 were overestimated. With the line intercept method, weed species having conspicuous leaf blades such as S. trifolia and Potamogeton distinctus Benn. were dominant. Of the methods tested, the line intercept method was the least desirable because it accounted for the least number of weed species. Any of the others could be use for vegetation analysis without any significant problems arising. However, preference was given to the point quadrat method because of the ease of measurement. It was also less tedious and less time consuming than the other methods.
Minimum Sampling Size and Minimun Quadrat Number for Weed Data Collection in Transplanted Rice
Kim, Soon-Chul ; Keith Moody ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 28, issue 3, 1983, Pages 319~322
Species-area and species-quadrat number curves were used to determine the minimum sampling size and the minimum quadrat number for weed data collection in transplanted rice. In both cases, characteristic curves that first increased abruptly and then leveled off as fewer species were added with increased sampling size or quadrat number were obtained. Using these techniques, it was determined that three quadrats each 0.3㎡ (0.5m
0.6m) in area were needed to adequately represent the weed community when it was sampled at rice heading.
Extraction of Intercellular Material from Rice Leaf Tissue
Eung-Ryong Son ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 28, issue 3, 1983, Pages 323~327
The intercellular material was extracted from rice leaf tissue. The quantitative tests of protein and soluble carbohydrate, and activity of peroxidase, showed differences between tissue extract and intercellular material. Also electrophoretic patterns of peroxidase and esterase isozymes were not similar between them. It indicated that the intercellular material which was extracted, was not the mixture of cellular materials.
Effect of Several Fungicides on Control of Physiological Disease and Growth Stimulation of Rice Seedlings Grown in Seedling Boxes for Machine Transplanting
Jong-Hoon Lee ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 28, issue 3, 1983, Pages 328~333
Due to fast industrialization and reduced agricultural population, there has been increased farm mechanization to reduce the labor requirement. In rice production, mechanical transplanting has been increasingly popular due to the heavy labor requirement in hand transplanting and development of convenient transplanters. For mechanical transplanting, rice seedlings is grown in boxes with limited soils under super dense population, thus short period of exposure to unfavorable temperature and poor water management would cause severe damage to rice seedlings such as seedling damping off and the similar physiological disorders. Several chemicals were evaluated for their effectiveness to control the disease and disorders, and other effects as plant growth stimulants. 3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole-a soil fungicide, Metalozyl-a fungicide which controls mildew, SF 8002-the composite of above two chemicals, and Isoprothiolane-a fungicide which controls rice blast were found to be effective controling seedling damping off and similar physiological disorders, and improvement of physiological characteristics of the seedlings such as the amount of bleeding sap, rooting ability, negative geotrophism, and regrowth after cutting. The results indicated that the chemicals will be very effective raising healthy seedlings even under unfavorable environments by the improvement of physiological activities of seedlings and preventing seedling damping off and the similar physiological disorders.
Distribution and Variation of Collected Local Lines of Italian Millet (Setaria italica. BEAUVOIS) in Korea and Their Ethnobotanical Relation to Adjacent Areas
Hong-Suk Lee ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 28, issue 3, 1983, Pages 334~339
With the 91 lines of Italian millet collected throughout the whole country in Korea and the 238 varieties from several Asian countries, trial was carried out to elucidate its differentiation, dissemination and distribution, and the ethnobotanical relations to the adjacent area. Glutinous millets which consisted of 66% among the collected Korean lines were widely distributed throughout the whole country, but non-glutinous ones were mainly distributed in the mountainous regions and Jeju island. The variations in germinability at low temperature were recognized among lines, but seemed not to be closely related to their regional distribution. The collected lines with small grain size were distributed mainly in the mountainous regions of middle and northern part of Korea and larger ones in Jeonnam province and Jeju island. And some of them were larger in grain size as compared with that of Japanese and Republic of China varieties. Seed coat color of collected lines in Korea showed wide variations from yellow to gray, especially in Gyungbuk province. However, all lines from Chungnam, Jeonnam and Gyungnam province were yellow in seed coat color. All lines from Korean collection except two lines indicated negative(-) phenol reaction which is very similar to that of Japan and China, while these were quite different from the varieties of Republic of China, Philippines and India, of which 30-60% showed positive(+) phenol reaction. The pattern of the esterase isozyme m Korean lines was simillar to that of Japanese lines and this was quite different from that of Republic of China, Philippines and India. Variation of this trait was greater in Chinese and Korean lines.
Basic Studies on the Native Colored-Soybean Cultivars II. Classification of Collected Soybean Varieties by the Multivariate Analysis
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 28, issue 3, 1983, Pages 340~344
Taxonomic distances and Q correlations of all possible comparisons among thirty-two collected soybean varieties were calculated from the standardized mean of twenty-one characters. Ten varietal groups were classified by the single linkage clustering based on Q correlations. The means of Q correlations of intra-group were higher than those of inter-group. Each groups were characteristic in each mean of characters within varietal groups.
Basic Studies on the Native Colored-Soybean Cultivars III. Variations and Preformances in Chemical Composition and Textural Property in Seeds of Collected Colored-Soybean Cultivars
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 28, issue 3, 1983, Pages 345~350
Collected 38 varieties of colored-soybean seed cultivated under a given cultural conditions were tested in the various chemical compositions and rheological properties in seeds. As it were, protein, fat, carbohydrate, ash and water contents as a chemical contents were studied not only on their statistical variations, but also on interrelationships with their collaborated rheological characteristics; hardness, cohesiveness, elasticity, gumminess and chewiness. For the rheological analysis of the materials, the General Foods Texturometer and typical texturometer curve were used.
The Relationship between Meteorogical Factors and Soybean Seed Yield
;Shin-Han Kwon;Hi-Sup Song;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 28, issue 3, 1983, Pages 351~357
To study the relationships between soybean seed yield and meteorological elements, the investigation into the important agronomic characters of Bongeui cultivar and climatic factors such as precipitation, rainy days, and temperature from 1970 to 1981 was made. The results obtained were summarized as follows: 1) Coefficients of variabilities for pod-filling rate, seed yield, number of pods per plant, and seed weight were about 38%, 30%, 30%, and 5.5%, respectively. 2) Weather conditions mainly in July and August influenced soybean production. Particularly, high temperature played an important role in soybean yield reduction. 3) Correlation coefficients between maximum, minimum, or average temperature of July (and, in the case of August, maximum temperature only) and yield or seed weight, and between those of August and podfilling rate were significantly negative. 4) Regression equations between average temperature of July or maximum temperature of August and yield were Y=-42.46X +1200.86 and Y=-37.95X + 1210.42, respectively. 5) High temperature during the flowering stage affected soybean seed yield reduction significantly.
Studies on Physio-Ecological Characteristics of Mungbean(Vigna radiala (L.) Wilczek) as Affected by N, P and K Application
Dong-Woo Lee ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 28, issue 3, 1983, Pages 358~367
To provide useful information on the improving cultural practices of mungbean, an investigation was made on variations of agronomic characteristics, yield, yield component, and grain quality of mungbean grown under three fertilizer levels of N, P, K with different upland soil, using varity, Gyeonggijaerae 5. The stem diameter of 5th internode was always thicker than 1st or 9th internode. Especially, 5th internode diameter was affected by the N, P, K fertilizer. The petiole angle under uncultivated land showed comparatively wider than that under cultivated land and the petiole angle increased from upper to lower node. LAI under cultivated land was higher than under uncultivated land. Especially, LAI of NPK, and NPK + compost treatments were generally higher than those of other treatments. LAI were remarkably increased by P application under uncultivated land. The grain yield was increased by increasing of the number of pods per plant, which were increased by K application under cultivated land, and P application under uncultivated land.
Effects of Region and Sowing Date on Grain- filling and Quality in Wheat
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 28, issue 3, 1983, Pages 368~373
To study the grain development and quality during wheat grain-filling under different sowing date and region, the experiments were conducted from 1978 to 1979. The grain weight at the early grain-filling stage in Suweon was heavier than in Gwangju, but the weight at the late grain-filling stage was reversed. The ranges of the physiological maturing period in the optimal sowing for 2 years were from 43 to 49 days in Suweon and from 44 to 51 days in Gwangju. These showed the tendency of lengthened grain-filling periods in southern region, and the periods were 1-4 days longer in optimal sowing than those in late sowing. Wheat grain quality was affected significantly by environmental conditions. The milling rates were increased in southern region where the plumpness of grain was better, the protein content and sedimentation value were higher in northern region where the temperature during grain-filling was high.
Variation of Peroxidase 8 in Maize, Zea mays, L.
Bong Ho, Choe ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 28, issue 3, 1983, Pages 374~378
As one way of evaluating polymorphism in maize, variation of peroxidase 8 (Px.8) in maize plants was investigated by means of horizontal acrylomide electrophoresis. The specific part of maize plants was stele and other parts of plants were also studied for 34 different maize lines and hybrids. The results obtained indicate that Px.8 has three distinct migrating patterns on gel such as fast, slow and fast-slow. The band pattern varied with materials used. Most hybrids were showing fast-slow band, indicating that those hybrids are heterozygous at least for Px.8 allele. Variation of band pattern was obseerved within a single inbred line. The Px.8 in stele tissue and in young leaf and nodal tissue was found to be identical, indicating the possible use of those tissues as an alternative tissue for Px.8 study. It was also found that there might be some definite relationship between Px.8 and Px.3 activities in the same tissue.
Forage Productivity of Job′s Tears, Adlay, Corn and Sorghum-sudangrass Hybrid in Southern Part of Korea
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 28, issue 3, 1983, Pages 379~385
Forage productivity of Job's tears (Coix lachryma-jobi L.) and adlay (C. lachryma-jobi var. mayuen (ROMAN.) STAPF) and a hybrid corn (Kwangog) and sorghum-sudangrass hybrid (Pioneer 988) was compared in the southern part of Korea where black streaked dwarf virus' (BSDV) is prevalent. Emergence of Job's tears and adlay was more delayed compared to a corn or sorghum-sudangrass hybrid under the drought field conditions. Early growth and regrowth of Job's tears and adlay were less than those of sorghum-sudangrass hybrid. Fresh weight, dry weight, and digestible dry matter of Job's tears and adlay cut once approximately 40 days after flowering were much higher than those of two cuts at every flowering stage. Dry weight of one-cut Job's tears and ad lay harvested 40 days after flowering was similar to the total dry weight of three-cut sorghum-sudangrass hybrid but higher than that of silage corn. Digestible dry matter production was greater in the order of sorghum-sudangrass, corn, one-cut and two-cut Job's tears and adlay. Corn was severely infected with BSDV, but digestible dry matter was relatively high due to its higher in vitro dry matter digestibility. Among the Job's tears and adlay varieties, a variety of Job's tears with globular fruit shape was best for forage production due to its taller plant height, thick stem, wider leaf blades, higher leaf blade/total dry weight ratio, and higher forage yield. However, hulled grain yield of ad lay varieties was higher than that of Job's tears due to a higher hulled/rough grain ratio although they had similar rough grain yields.
Effects of Nursery Condition on the Establishment and the Growth of Sesame Seedling
Jung-Il Lee ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 28, issue 3, 1983, Pages 386~389
An experiment was conducted to establish the appropriate tranaplanting method of sesame seedlings. Covering of polyethylene film on nursery bed resulted in more adventitious roots and better growth after transplanting. Nursery soil showed the best results when it was mixed with the equal amounts of soil, sand and compost. The most healthy seedlings were raised by spot seeding of 5
5 cm distance and 4 cm bed-depth. Compared to direct seeding on June 15, sesame seeded on June 10 followed by transplanting on June 30 flowered 4 days earlier and produced more capsules per plant and 18% more seed yields.