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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Crop Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Crop Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 29, Issue 4 - Dec 1984
Volume 29, Issue 3 - Oct 1984
Volume 29, Issue 2 - Jul 1984
Volume 29, Issue 1 - Apr 1984
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Genetic Analysis on the Linkage Relationship Between Blast Resistance Gene and Plant Height Gene in Rice (Oryza sativa L.)
Young-Am Chae ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 29, issue 3, 1984, Pages 203~208
This study was investigated to know the possible linkage relationship between blast resistance gene and plant height gene in rice. Two resistant varieties, Tadukan and Tetep were crossed with six susceptible semi-dwarf tester lines. Progenies derived from the crosses were inoculated with spray method at 3-4 leaf stage with blast races, C-8
. The results indicated that: (1) Resistance of Tadukan and Tetep to the C-8
was controlled by a single dominant gene, respectively. (2) Resistance of Tadukan and Tetep to the T-2
was expressed by complementary gene action between two dominant genes, respectively. (3) No linkage relationship was found between resistance gene and plant height gene of both Tadukan and Tetep when tested with C-8
Analytical Studies on the Rice Yield Component and Yield in South Region of Korea I. Variation in the Rice Yield Component and Yield under the Different Transplanting Dates.
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 29, issue 3, 1984, Pages 209~217
This study was conducted to establish fundamental of rice cultivation system in the southern warm region of Korea by investigation of variation of yield component factor and yield under the different transplanting dates which was at interval of 15 days, from May 20 to July 5. In the variation of leaf age, the leaf of July 5 transplanting was less 1.1 leaves than that of May 20 transplanting in Seokwang. However in Dongjin, the leaf of May 20 transplanting was more 1.7 leaves than that of July 5. According to transplanting date delay, the shorten ratio of flag leaf was showed an increasing tendency. Period from transplanting to heading under the different transplanting in Seokwang, required about 75 days in May 20 transplanting and 68 days in June 5, 67 days in June 20, but 71 days in July 5, it was a cause of decrease in grain yield, because of increase in the period from transplanting to heading date. The maximum yield under the different transplanting gathered on May 20 transplanting in Seokwang variety, and on June 20 transplanting in Dongjin variety, and then, on the accumulated temperature 1017
in Seokwang, 952
in Dongjin, from 10 days before heading to 30 days after heading, it was appeared the high yield. It was showed linearly negative correlation between the No. of panicles per unit area and transplanting date (Seokwang; r=-0.6768
, Dongjin: r=-0.5182
). There were more differentiation of spikelets per panicle in the late transplanting in Seokwang, however in Dongjin, it was decreased in differentiation of spikelets per panicle in the early and the late transplanting.ing.
Analytical studies on the Rice Yield Component and Yield in South Region of Korea. II. Variation in the rice yield component and yield under the different nitrogen fertilizing levels
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 29, issue 3, 1984, Pages 218~226
This study was conducted to establish fundamental of cultivation system in the southern warm region of Korea by investigation of variation of yield component and yield under the different nitrogen fertilizing levels. And that levels in this experiment were 10, 15, 20 and 25 Kg/10a. Optimum fertilizing level of nitrogen was 20 kg/10a in Seokwang variety and 25 kg/ 10a in Dongjin variety. On the optimum fertilizing level (Seokwang; 20 kg/10a, Dongjin; 15 kg/10a), the correlation coefficient between No. of panicles per unit area and the rate of ripened grains were showed negative correlation (Seokwang; r =-0.6023
*/, Dongjin; r=-0.858l
**/). In the primary, secondary branches and spikelets, the degeneration ratio was increased significantly under the level of N=25 kg/10a in Seokwang, N
20 kg/10a in Dongjin. In Dongjin, the rate of ripened grains was decreased with increase in nitrogen fertilizing levels and that caused to decrease the yield.
Development of Hybrid Rice Facilitated by Cytoplasmic Genetic Male Sterility II. Responses of Korean Cultivars to the Chinese Cytoplasmic Genetic Male Sterile lines
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 29, issue 3, 1984, Pages 227~231
Chinese CGMS (Cytoplasmic-Genetic Male Sterility) is being transfered to Korean cultivars which will be used as CGMS maintainers. These maintainer lines along with the Chinese CGMS lines and their maintainer lines were crossed with another group of Korean cultivars which will be used as the fertility restorers, and their yield heterosis were examined. The yield heterosis was calculated as high as 113.0-221.1 % in terms of heterosis (F
/Midparent) with the grand mean of 150.5%, and, 86.1-179.8% in terms of heterobeltiosis (F
/better parent) with the grand mean of 125.3%. Among the female parent groups, Chinese mainteiners were the highest following by Chinese MS lines and the Korean maintainers were the lowest. Heterobeltiosis of yield components were 92.7%, 120.0%, 103.0% and 112.0% for number of panicles/unit area, number of grains/panicle, fertility per cent and 1000 grain weight, respectively. Path-coefficients of yield components to the yield were calculated. The highest one was number of grains per panicle ranging 0.8073-0.8649 followed by the 1000 grain weight ranging 0.2000-0.5032. The grain yield ratios to the grand mean were calculated in terms of combining ability. It was highest with the Chinese maintainers followed by Chinese MS lines and The Korean maintainers were lowest. This facts bring cautions to the breeding efforts to transfer the Chinese CGMS in to Korean maintainers.
Development of Anther and Cell Culture Techniques for Enhancement of Rice Productivity
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 29, issue 3, 1984, Pages 232~241
A series of experiments were carried out to know the effects of pollen stage, cold shock temperature and duration, and media for callus and green plant induction in rice anther culture. The results indicated that: (a) uninucleate stage of pollen was the most suitable stage for effective callus induction, (b) cold shock temperature of 8
was appeared to be proper temperature for callus induction, (c) callus induction rate was increased in the eight to 12 days long cold storage, (d) the medium N6 was better than that of N6D for callus induction, (e) green plant induction was better in both 4
than that of 12
cold shock, (f) green plant frequency was higher in eight to 12 days long cold storage and (g) green plant frequency was doubled in the MS medium when compared with N6 medium.
The Physico-chemical Properties of Three Naked Barley Cultivars (Hordeum vulgare L.) Affected by Different Levels of Nitrogen Application
;Jae-Young Cho;Byong-Hee Hong;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 29, issue 3, 1984, Pages 242~253
Four different levels of nitrogen were applied to 3 naked barley cultivars (Hordeum vulgare L.) Yonezawa, Baekdong and Yeongsanbori. Changes in physico-chemical properties were examined upon these treatments. Total protein content as well as glutelin increased as N level increased. Baekdong contained the highest protein content (13.7%) at N
. Yonezawa and Baekdong contained more lysine than Yeongsanbori. Increased lysine was measured in all cultivars by increased nitrogen application. Among all amino acids proline was the highest in all cultivars, and its increase was paralled to the N levels. Magnesium and potassium were declined and calcium was increased with increased levels of nitrogen fertilizer. Ash content was decreased as nitrogen increased and as the plants have become matured. Three minutes pearling in Yonezawa was not sufficient in terms of water absorption ratio and whiteness. Sixty percent pearling rate in Yonezawa showed a higher absorption ratio and cooking whiteness than non-waxy Baekdong and Yeongsanbori. Gelatinization temperature was lower but maximum viscosity was higher in waxy than non-waxy barley.
Heading Date of Wheat and Barley III. Factorial Analysis of Wheat Varieties on Earliness
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 29, issue 3, 1984, Pages 254~260
As a basic study for development of early wheats an experiment was carried out at four sites of Korea by use of 60 varieties. Analysis of variance for heading and maturing dates revealed that there were highly significant among varieties, but not significant among variety x location-interactions, thus indicating the stable response for earliness at all locations of each variety. Grain filling periods of each variety showed the stable response at all locations like those of heading and maturing dates, however, there showed significance among locations for early group, and among varieties for late group. High correlations were between growth habit and winter survival for early varieties, and between shortday length and grain filling period for late one. Interior factors most closely related to heading date were growth habit and winter survival, and winter survival showed highly negative correlation with heading date. It needs to breed the early wheats adaptable for southern and/or northern areas separatively. The earlier heading and maturing dates of wheats were, the shorter internodes of culm are, appearing the outstanding phenomenon in early wheats. Heading date appeared negative correlations with test weight and with number of culm before winter, but showed positive correlation with number of kernels/spike.
Barley Harvesting System by Use of Farm Machine
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 29, issue 3, 1984, Pages 261~266
To determine the optimum harvesting methods for high yield and quality, harvesting time were tested from 30 to 45 days after heading with five days intervals, using combine, binder and knap-sack type reaper (KSTR) in harvesting machines. Under the consideration of moisture contents of grain, operating time, grain loss, harvesting cost and quality, the optimum time of barley harvesting for mechanization was 35 to 40 days after heading. Combine and binder were recommended as the suitable machines for barley harvest in the operating efficiency and harvesting cost.
Stomatal Movement and Related Environmental Factors to Stomate in the Wheat II. Effect of Nitrogen Application on the Stomatal Aperture of Wheat
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 29, issue 3, 1984, Pages 267~274
This experiment was carried out to investigate the stomatal aperture of wheat variety 'Chokwang' grown in the two different nitrogen level. Stomatal aperture was measured at the maximal tillering, shooting, booting, flowering and grain filling stages. Stomatal aperture in leaf blades gradually increased in accordance with the successive leaf growth. The maximal opening of stomata was observed at flowering stage and around noon in a day, but stomata closed around six o'clock in the afternoon. Stomata opened wider in the high nitrogen application than in the low nitrogen and their effects were the highest at the booting and flowering stage. Diurnal course at stomatal aperture of upper leaves was wider than that of lower leaves regardless of growth stages. Positive correlation (r=0.66
) appeared between nitrogen content in leaf blades and stomatal aperture. The leaves of low position and the developing leaves showed smaller stomatal aperture than the full expanded top leaves irrespective of leaf stages. Water content of leaf, root weight and root activity were increased by the nitrogen application and thus considered as factors increase the stomatal aperture.ication and thus considered as factors increase the stomatal aperture.
Storability of Soybean Lines for Maintanance of Germplasm
Shin-Han Kwon ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 29, issue 3, 1984, Pages 275~279
To develop a long term storage technique of soybean germplasm, fifty lines of soybean seeds were kept in storage room controlled by air-conditioner and dehumidifier at KAERI. The storage room was kept below 25
of temperature and 60% relative humidity. Germinability of stored seeds was evaluated at every three or six months. On the other hand, the newly harvested seeds of the lines were accerelated aging at 40
and 90% of relative humidity, and compared with non-accerelated seeds. The average germinability at the starting time of storage was 97% but the germinability was decreased to 62% at 42 months after storage in the storage room. The germinability seemed to be affected by seed size and seed coat color. The germinability of small seed lot tended to be higher than that of large seed lot, and the germination response in longer term of storage was greater than those of shorter term of storage. The accerelated aging test for 7 days proved to be a useful technique to pretest germinability of soybean seeds for assaying the relative storage potential.
The Relation of Soybean Seedcoat Mottling with Podding Location and Seed Transmissibility in Soybean Mosaic Virus
Oh, Jeung-Haing ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 29, issue 3, 1984, Pages 280~284
Association of SMV infection in soybean plants with seedcoat mottling and with seed transmission of SMV was examined. Seedcoat mottling was increased positively in proportion to the SMV severity in variety Clark. No correlation was found between the incidence of mottled seed and the seed's position on the plant. Susceptible variety with virus symptoms gave rise to mottled seeds but only a small percentage of these mottled seeds could transmit the virus. SMV could be transmitted even by nonmottled seeds harvested from SMV infected plants in similar rate with mottled seed. It seemed that the amount of mottled seed could be used as an indicator of the amounts of SMV infection in a seed production field.
Effects of Growth Retardants B995 and CCC on the Growth arid Yield of Soybean
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 29, issue 3, 1984, Pages 285~290
The effects of retardants B995 and CCC on the growth and yield of soybean cultivar, kwanggyo, were investigated. The 3 application times(4th, 5th and 6th trifoliate leaf stage) combined with 4 concentrations (500, 1000, 2000 and 3000 ppm) were treated, and the retardant solutions were sprayed on the foliage. Only stem length in retardants, rate of podding in application times, and, in concentrations, stem length, number of branch, number of pod per plant and grain yield, were significant. In the inhibition of stem elongation, B995 was more effective than CCC, and rate of podding was the highest in the 4th leaf-spraying. The highest concentration, 3000 ppm, was the most effective in the inhibition of stem elongation and in the increase of number of branch and pod, rate of podding, and in yield. The number of node of mainstem, dry stem weight, chlorophyll and 100 grain weight were not significant with any treat. Yield had positively correlated with number of branch and pod, and rate of podding but negatively with stem length. The retardants was thought to be considerably conducive to the increase of yield.
Ecological Characteristics for each of Plant Types in Peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) II. Difference of Fruiting Habit for each of Plant Types
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 29, issue 3, 1984, Pages 291~297
The peanut, unlike other plants, has three distinct steps in the reproductive process. These are the flowers, the peg and the fruit. This research was designed in the field to determine the difference of fruiting habit for each of plant types of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) in peanut culture limiting region. Eight cultivars representing four plant types, i.e., Virginia, Spanish, Valencia and Shinpung types. Number of pegs per plant produced in order of Spanish, Valencia, Virginia, Shinpung, Virginia type. The Virginia small seed type produced the most pods per plant. The shinpung type showed more percentage of matured pod than other types and early pot-set habit. Distribution of mature pods for each of branch positions to total mature pods occupied 63% on two cotyledonary branchs, 34% on 3rd to 5th branchs, 3% on over 6th branchs. Shinpung type was considered more favorable plant type than other types for breeding of early maturing high yielding variety because of early pot-set and high percentage of mature pod.
Shoot and Root Competition Relations with N, P Fertilization in Orchardgrass and Ladino Clover Mixture
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 29, issue 3, 1984, Pages 298~305
The competitive relationship between orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata L.) and ladino clover (Trifolium repens L.) was studied under aerial and soil partitions and N, P fertilizer combinations. Orchardgrass and ladino clover were grown in field with one of non competition, shoot competition only, root competition only, full competition and competition between same species. Under basal application of K fertilizer N and P were applied in treatment combinations of blank, N only (l5kg/10a), P only (l5kg/10a), and both NP at planting and each cutting. The forage yield in mixture was between yield of pure orchard grass stand and the 'expected yield', which was a mean of both pure stands. The forage yield in pure ladino was the lowest. During the experiment there was a progressive decline in clover yield either pure stand or mixture. Since orchardgrass was 'over-compensated' to low-yielding clover, the yield of mixture was more than non competition. Orchard grass was more competitive than ladino clover as seasons advanced. The aggressivity of orchardgrass was higher in root competition than in shoot competition comparing to clover. Nitrogen fertilizer increased orchardgrass yield, while phosphate did ladino clover yield and root weight of both species. But the additional effect of P to N was not significant in dry weight and LAI