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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Crop Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Crop Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 30, Issue 4 - Dec 1985
Volume 30, Issue 3 - Oct 1985
Volume 30, Issue 2 - Jul 1985
Volume 30, Issue 1 - Apr 1985
Selecting the target year
Effect of Light Quality on Appearance of Photobleaching leaves During the Cure of Burley Tobacco
Ik-Sang Yu ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 30, issue 1, 1985, Pages 1~6
This experiment was designed to determine the effect of light quality on the appearance of photobleaching leaves during the cure of Burley Tobacco. The harvested and browned tobacco leaves were exposed to sunlight in pipe houses covered with 8 kinds of color vinyls (white, red, black, yellow, purple, orange, blue, green), and exposed to ultraviolet rays(20W x 3) and infrared rays (150W x 2) in curing chamber (1.2 x 1.2 x 1.2m). Photobleaching occured more at lower position leaf and after the leaves being browned when the curing was done in sunlight under a transparent vinyl. But photobleaching leaves were 5-6% of total cured leaves in sunlight under all kinds of color vinyl houses. It seems that photobleaching mainly induced by ultrabiolet rays of sunlight, and humidity too influenced. Yellow, orange and purple vinyl were durable and effective as shading material of color vinyls. since white and red vinyl tore easily in two monthes in strong sunlight and under black and blue vinyl houses curing period was longer than others.
Studies on Lodging-induced Damages of Sesame II. Effect on Yield and Main Character of Sesame after Lodging by Growing Stages
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 30, issue 1, 1985, Pages 7~14
Lodging damage of Sesame was different between growing condition and variety although same wind velocity. The result of lodging damages showed variation of leaves area. stem length, capsule numbers and yield in late-varieties but showed variation of capsule setting length, dry weight of leaves, main root length, ripening rate of grain in early-varieties. Specially late varieties showed decreasing character of significant coefficient in mono, and after-barley-cropping at lodging degree of 30 commonly.
Estimating Leaf Area from Length and Width for Panax ginseng
;Su-Bong Ahn;Jong-Chul Lee;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 30, issue 1, 1985, Pages 15~19
This study was carried out to develope the equations for estimating the areas of leaflet, leaf, and total leaf for 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6 years old ginseng, Panax ginseng, grown in field. The highest correlation coefficient was found between leaflet area and product of leaflet length and width(LW) in all leaflets although leaflet shape varied somewhat according to the position and plant age. It was possible to estimate area of the leaf, and total leaf by one central leaflet in a compound leaf. The equations for estimating the leafet, leaf areas of 1 year differ to those of over 2 years old plant, but there was no difference among those of 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6 years. The equations for 1 year old are A =0.64 LW, A' =A/0.38, and for 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6 years old, A =0.60 LW, A' =A/0.32, A" =A' x number of leaves of central leaflet(A), leaf(A') and total leaf areas(A"), respectively. The estimation of leaflet, leaf, total leaf areas of ginseng plant grown under 20% light-transmittance rate was possible by using the equations mentioned.
Labor-saving Feasibilities in Transplanting of Paddy Rice I. Variations in Labor Requirements under the Various Planting Densities
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 30, issue 1, 1985, Pages 20~25
Studying of labor-saving feasibilities in transplanting work of paddy seedling, firstly the five transplanting densities were comparatively examined. The labor-savings were reached as 10, 20, 28% of the whole paddy works, and 28, 39, 61% of the transplanting works by reducing the density as 15, 11 and 8 hills per sq. meter, respectively. However the study on the crop yield and labor-productivity variations as affected by transplanting density of paddy rice was interpreted as the marginal feasibility of density reduction for labor-saving would be more or less than 11-12 hills per sq. meter.
Study on Adaptability of Rice Varieties at Air-Pollution Site
Kwang-Ho Kim ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 30, issue 1, 1985, Pages 26~32
Ten recommended rice varieties were cultivated in paddy area affected by air-pollutants and in normal area to select varieties adaptable to air-pollution environment. Rice plants grown in pollution site showed higher contents of total sulfur and fluorine in leaf through the whole growing period compared with those in non-pollution site, and rice leaves destroyed by air-pollutants were found only in pollution site. Rice grain yield and four yield components of ten rice varieties grown in pollution site were lower than those in normal area. Five rice varieties among ten were selected as adaptable to air-pollution environment, based on their yielding potential in pollution site and grain yield ratio between two sites. Rice varieties adaptable to pollution showed little variation of percent ripened grains and number of panicles per hill between two sites. Chlorophyll content in flag leaf of rice plants grown in pollution area was lower than in non-pollution area. No relationship was found between grain yield ratio (pollution/non-pollution site) of ten varieties and total sulfur content ratio, fluorine content ratio, chlorophyll content ratio between two sites, and percent destroyed leaf in pollution site, respectively. This result suggest that varietal adaptability to air-pollution environment is not related with the amount of pollutants absorbed, but with the degree of response to pollutants.
Stomatal Movement and Related Environmental Factors to Stomata in the Wheat III. Effect of Soil Water Potential and Lodging on the Stomatal Aperture in Wheat
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 30, issue 1, 1985, Pages 33~38
This experiment was carried out to study in stomatal behaviour of wheat (Chokwang) upon the different soil water potentials, lodging and two different nitrogen treatment. Stomatal aperture was measured at flowering stage under diurnal course with two hour intervals, Stomatal apertures were differently changed according to soil water potentials and leaf position on the stem, showing the rapid closure of stomata at low soil water potential and the narrow opening at low leaf position of stem. Wider stomatal opening appeared at the plot of optimal nitrogen application than that of low nitrogen. It was greatly decreased in opening of stomata at plants lodged, appearing that plant investigated of six days after lodging showed less than 50% than that normal plants, which indicated peculiar decrease of low leaf position of stem at afternoon of diurnal course.
Changes in Anthesis, Grain Filling and Grain Yield Accompanied by Hastening of Heading in Winter Wheat and Barley
Kim, Seok-Dong ; Kwon, Yong-Woong ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 30, issue 1, 1985, Pages 39~46
Heading time was hastened by the combination of seeding time and longday treatment in order to elucidate the effect of early heading on earliness in maturity, vegetative growth and grain yield in five barley varieties and four wheat varieties under field conditions in Suwon, Korea, 1978-79. About 15 days of earliness in heading accelerated only 2 to 6 days in maturity. Furthermore, the duration of grain fill was not much prolonged comparing with the extension of days from heading to maturity, because of the extension of periods from heading to anthesis at lower temperature resulting in somewhat greater final grain weight. Periods from heading to anthesis and from anthesis to maturity were negatively correlated with the air temperature. In early heading, leaf area at 10 days after anthesis and net assimilation rate were much limited, and although leaf area duration got larger, presumably, it could not make up for the reduction of grain yield. Grain yield per plant reduced noticeably in early heading. This was mainly caused by the reduction of spike number and grain number per spike.
Radioimmunoassay for the Quantitative Analysis of Abscisic Acid
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 30, issue 1, 1985, Pages 47~52
A radioimmunoassay technique has been developed for the quantitative analysis of Abscisic acid (ABA). The antibody, obtained by immunizing rabbits against a conjugate of ABA with human serum albumin, had a high affinity (Ka=3.28x10
13/l/mol) for ABA. The use of
H-labelled ABA as tracer and of dextran-coated charcoal for separation of free ABA from antibody-bound ABA permitted detection of as little as 0.5x10
-12/ mol ABA. The measuring range extended to 14x10
-12/ mol. Because of the high specificity of this immunoassay, no extract purification steps were required prior to analysis. And then, only 2 hr in radioimmunoassay was required to ABA analysis. From these results, it is suggested using this assays that more than hundreds samples can be assayed sensitive and simple per day for ABA.
Changes in Abscisic Acid level During Seed Germination of Rice by Radioimmunoassay
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 30, issue 1, 1985, Pages 53~62
A radioimmunoassay technique has been developed for the determination of abscisic acid (ABA) in crude extracts from germinating rice (Oryza sativa L.). By this method, the changes in ABA level of rice during germination was investigated. The ABA content in rice seeds was found to be 76.5ng/g dry weight in Dong-jin variety and 91.1ng/g dry weight in Sam-gang variety. A rapid decrease in ABA content of rice occurred during germination within 24 hours after seed imbition. The decreasing rate of ABA content during germination showed a significant direct proportion to the imbibition temperature and water-absorbing rate of rice. The decrease in ABA content during germination was found to be caused partly by an elution of ABA from the tissue to the imbibing fluid, and partly by a metabolic conversion of ABA to another compounds. The germination process of rice occurred only when the tissue ABA level decreased below a certain level, and the decreasing rate of ABA level during germination correlated with the ability for germination at low temperature of rice.
Studies on the Ecological Characteristics for the Plant Types in the Peanut(Arachis hypogaea L.) III. The Differences in Dry Matter Production and Distribution Ratio of Dry Matter Produced among Plant Types
Jung-Il Lee ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 30, issue 1, 1985, Pages 63~68
This study was conducted to investigate the dry matter production and distribution ratio of dry matter produced for each of 5 botanical types (Virginia-Small Seed, Virginia-Large Seed, Spanish, Valencia, Shinpung) of Peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) in Peanut culture limiting region. The total dry weight increased in order of Virginia-Large seed, Virginia- Small Seed, Shinpung, Spanish, Valencia type. The maximum Crop growth rates (Cmax) were Virginia-Small seed 18.22-23.41 g/㎡/day, Virginia-Large seed 19.61-20.03 g/㎡/day, Shinpung 16.33-19.77 g/㎡/day, Spanish 13.86-16.28 g/㎡/day, Valencia 13.97-16.25g/㎡/day, respectively. LAI showed the high value at vinyl-mulching than non-mulching. In the early filling stage, distribution ratio of dry matter produced showed the highest at the shinpung type than the other types.
Flowering Order and Variation of Yield Characteristics by Capsule Position in Sesame
Dong-Woo Lee ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 30, issue 1, 1985, Pages 69~75
Field experiments were performed to obtain the basic information of flowering order and variation of yield characteristics by capsule position in sesame. Flowering order was advanced regularly about one day interval from 5th capsule-setting node to upper node. Developing order of flowers at the same nodes, the chief bud was generally flowered eariler than side buds, 3 days below 8th node, 2 days from 9th to 16th node, and 2 - 3 days above 17th node. The number of capsule per plant and total grains were 98% from 1st to 16th capsule - setting node, but the number and the weight of matured grain were 99% from 1st to 13th node. The weight of matured grain among nodes was the heaviest at 5th capsule - setting node. The variation of yield characteristics among nodes was higher than individual plants. Yield characteristics of 6th node was shown lowest variation in comparision with those of other nodes.
Effect of Canopy Reforming on Light Penetration into Crop Community and Yielding in Corn
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 30, issue 1, 1985, Pages 76~83
A hypothesis that artificial reforming of corn canopy could improve solar light penetration and dry matter production was tested in corn fields (var. Suwon 19) with three planting densities; low (60
40cm), medium (60
24cm) and high (60
16cm). Natural canopy was found that leaf orientations were even over all azimuth but somewhat inclined toward north-south direction and leaf angle ranged 38
from horizontal surface. Reforming corn canopy included following treatments: 1) natural canopy planted in north-south rows (natural canopy), 2)east-west plane canopy planted in north-south rows (E-W canopy), 3)east-west plane canopy and upright leaves in north-south rows, 4)north-south plane canopy (N-S canopy) in east-west rows. After corn plots were installed with training system by supporting poles and connecting wires, corn leaves were induced to a reforming direction and tied on wire. Average light intensity at the mid-point of plant height showed 5-10% increases in E-W canopy and in E-W canopy plus upright leaves, but a 2-10% decrease in N-S canopy from natural canopy. At yellow ripe stage, total dry wt. was increased in E-W canopy but not in N-S canopy. The E-W canopy produced 3-10% more grain yield than natural canopy. Though E-W canopy plus upright leaves yielded less at low density, it yielded up to 10% more at higher density. The N-S canopy yielded similar to low compared with natural canopy. These results suggests that reforming canopy toward solar incident direction increases light penetration into lower canopy, photosynthetic efficiency and grain yield, especially at high planting density in corn.
Effect of Major Morphological Traits, Yield and Yield Components of Barley I. Variations of Morphological Traits, Yield and Yield Components on Different Seeding Dates
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 30, issue 1, 1985, Pages 84~92
This experiment was carried out to study the morphological traits, yield and yield components of barley cultivars - Kangbori, Olbori and Suwon 18 - on different seeding dates. It appeared generally rapid development of young spike from late stage of floret differentiation (X stage) to complete it at heading stage. Young spike appeared more influencials by the different seeding dates rather than years and cultivars. Stem started the development from late stage of spikelet differentiation (VII stage) to early stage of floret differentiation (IX stage), indicating the continuing development from basal to upper internodes. Number of spikes per unit area showed more effect in seeding date rather than cultivar and year. However, number of kernels per spike and 1,000 kernel weight affected more due to years rather than cultivar and seeding date. It was significantly difference in grain yield according to different seeding dates.
Analyses of Growth and Developmental Patterns and Subsequent Grain Yield of Selected Winter and Spring Wheat Cultivars Triticum aestivum L. em Thell
Byung Han, Choi ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 30, issue 1, 1985, Pages 93~100
Five winter and five spring wheat cultivars of diverse genetic backgrounds were evaluated to examine different developmental responses in terms of stages of the life cycle and grain yield when grown under the different planting dates. Greatest difference in growth and developmental patterns of the winter and spring wheat cultivars occurred in stem elongation, booting, inflorescence emergence and anthesis. The growth stage of stem elongation was found to exhibit larger difference both among planting dates and cultivars. Winter wheat cultivars responded more than spring wheat cultivars to the different planting dates. Winter wheat 'Cho Kwang' and spring wheat 'Jugoku 81' were earlier and exhibited faster growth and development, while winter wheats 'Yamhill' and 'Hyslop' were later in growth and development, but exhibited faster grain filling and higher rate of grain filling, resulting in higher grain yields. Crosses between winter and spring wheat gene pools would result in earlier maturity and higher productivity for both winter and spring wheat cultivars. For developing early maturing wheat cultivars for multiple cropping sequences while maintaining productivity, selection for earliness trait should be started at the stem elongation stage. Furthermore, the breeding materials should be planted at several times for selection of shorter life cycle genotypes adaptable to the cropping sequences. This is due to the genotype x planting date interactions.
Effect of Growth Regulators on Growth of Rice Plant I. Effect of Growth Retardants on Growth and Ethylene Evolution of Rice Seedlings
Lee, Moon-Hee ; Ota, Yasuo ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 30, issue 1, 1985, Pages 101~106
A series of experiments were carried out to know the effect of growth retardants on the growth of rice seedlings and ethylene evolution from the rice seedlings. The results suggested that the reduction rate in order of plant height was S-327 > BAS-106 > NTN-821 > PP-333 > CGR-811. The heigher concentration levels of growth retardants applied. the more effective reductions of plant height were found. Ethylene evolution from the rice seedlings was significantly negative correlated with plant hight of of seedlings in all treatments.
The Effect of Nitrogen Fertilization on Vascular Bundles and Air Space Development in the Internodes of Several Rice Varieties, and the Relationship between the Histological Structure and Panicle Characteristics
;Bong-Ku Kim;Je-Cheon Chae;Jong-Hoon Lee;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 30, issue 1, 1985, Pages 107~115
Experiments were carried out to find out varietal differences in vascular bundles and air spaces in the internodes, in relation to ear characteristics using plant samples from various N levels. The number and size of large vascular bundles in the internodes increased by increasing N fertilization, especially in the 1st internodes for the numbers, and 3rd, 4th, and 5th internodes for the size. Comparing the varieties, indica/japonica cross-bred varieties had more and larger vascular bundles than japonica varieties. The number of air spaces also increased by the increase of N fertilization. Comparing the varieties, Pungsanbyeo and Chucheongbyeo had more air spaces than Yushin and Jinheung in 3rd or upper internodes. The number and size of vascular bundles and the thickness of internodes had significant correlation with the panicle length, number of primary and secondary branches and number of spikelets per panicle.