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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Crop Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Crop Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 30, Issue 4 - Dec 1985
Volume 30, Issue 3 - Oct 1985
Volume 30, Issue 2 - Jul 1985
Volume 30, Issue 1 - Apr 1985
Selecting the target year
Labor-Saving Feasibilities in Transplanting of Paddy Rice II. Variations in Yield Compatibility of Various Typed Isogenic Lines of Paddy Rice as Affected by Different Planting Densities with Fertilizer Applications
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 30, issue 2, 1985, Pages 117~125
To investigate the model of labor-saving feasibilities in transplanting of paddy rice by reducing of plant-densities with additional application of fertilizer, three isogenic lines of paddy rice in plant type, namely open-spread-and broom-type, were experimented. As a result, the delaying of heading date by intra-specific competition was weakened by increasing of fertilizer applications and this tendency was clear in order of broom-, spread- and open-type, respectively. Also the inter-specific competition was high in broom-type among others. On the other hand, the yields were positively correlated with transplanting densities in open- and spread-type, but no relationships in broom-type. As a conclusion, the reduced planting densities for labor-saving were compensated by additional application of fertilizers as 1.12, 1.21, 1.28 folds of the standard amounts in open-type for equivalent yields, and 1.22, 1.35, 1.40 folds in broom-type, respectively.
Effect of Light Conditions on Photoinhibition of Ginseng and Tobacco
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 30, issue 2, 1985, Pages 126~130
Photoinhibition studies were conducted with ginseng (Panax ginseng) grown under shade and tobacco (N. tobaccum cv. Bulgaria) grown under full sunlight. The plants were exposed to light intensity of 580, 1280, 1770, 2580
E/㎡/sec in normal air for 3.6 9 hours. Light saturation of ginseng was observed at 550
E/㎡/sec and that of tobacco was at 1600
E/㎡/sec. Tobacco exposed to high light intensity and long duration of light irradiation didn't show entire reduction in photosynthetic capacity. But in ginseng, 20.3% of photosynthesis was reduced in light intensity of 2,580
E/㎡/sec during 9 hours. Light response in photosynthesis differed considerably between tobacco and ginseng, and ginseng exposed to high light intensity showed remarkable reduction in photosynthesis. The extent of photoinhibition of ginseng was dependent on the length of exposure to the high light intensity. Stomatal resistance of ginseng seemed not to be changed by photoinhibition but mesophyll resistance was increased.
Nature of Gene Action for Duration of Grain filling in Crosses of Winter and Spring Wheats(Triticum aestivum L. em Thell)
Byung Han, Choi ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 30, issue 2, 1985, Pages 131~139
Breeders have concerned with the nature of gene action controlling the duration of grain filling period to combine early maturity and acceptable grain yield to fit wheat into multiple cropping systems. The 4 x 4 complete diallel set of F
and 1/2 (BC
) in crosses of winter and spring wheat cultivars was made to determine the nature of gene action involved for duration of grain filling period. Using the Jinks-Hayman model, no maternal effects were noted nor were any non-allelic interactions observed for total duration of grain filling and lag period. The actual grain filling period was influenced to some degree by such interactions. The spring cultivars Red Bobs and Siete Cerros also appeared to have more dominant genes for longer total duration of grain filling and lag period. In contrast, the winter parents Yamhill and Hyslop had more dominant genes for the longer actual grain filling period. The genes appeared to be independently distributed among the parents.
Effects of Compost, Rate and Split Application of Nitrogen on Growth and Yield of Sweet Corn
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 30, issue 2, 1985, Pages 140~145
Field experiments were conducted in Suwon in 1982 and 1983 to evaluate the effects of compost application, nitrogen (N) rate and split application of N on growth, yield and N uptake of sweet corn (Zea mays L.) grown under clear polyethylene mulching condition. Urea was banded at N rates of 0 (only in 1983), 5, 10, 15 and 20 kg per 10a with or without compost application of 1500 kg per 10a at planting. In 1982, half of N was sidedressed at the 5-6 leaf stage in case of 15, and 20 kg N per 10a. Compost application increased ear size and ear weight per 10a (10%). The number of ears per 10a markedly increased with an increase in N rates up to 10 kg per 10a but was not significantly affected by further increased N rates. Ear weight per 10a increased linearly as N rate increased from 0 to 20 kg per 10a without compost but increased greatly up to 10 kg N per 10a with compost application. Dry matter yield increased greatly up to 15, 10 kg N per 10a with and without compost application, respectively. Nitrogen uptake increased linearly from 8.1 to 18.8 kg per 10a with an increase in N rates from 0 to 20 kg per 10a. The optimum N rate appeared to be 10 to 15 kg per 10a based on ear number, ear weight and dry weight per 10a. There was no significant difference between basal and split applications of N in terms of ear size, and number and weight of ears per 10a.
Physico-ecological Studies on Korean Seed-mustard I. Effects of Varieties and Seeding Date on the Variation of Agronomic Traits
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 30, issue 2, 1985, Pages 146~153
To investigate the possibility of improvement of seed mustard varieties, these experiments were conducted at Muan in Chonranamdo for three years with five local seed mustard varieties and seeding dates. Local varieties collected from Seoul, Cheju and introduced from Japan showed earlier bolting date while Yungsanpo and Suweon varieties bolted later and Suweon variety exhibited the latest maturity. Suweon variety had the shortest plant height with higher number of grains per pod. Seoul and Yungsanpo varieties had more total branch numbers than others. There was no varietal difference in grain weight, pod length and one liter weight. Grain yield per 10a was highest in Seoul variety by 247.5kg. Late seeding date delayed the bolting and flowering date while plant height, total branch numbers, pod numbers per ear and grain number per pod were decreased. The magnitude of varietal response to seeding date was varied greatly with traits. Grain weights per liter, 1,000 grain weight, pod lengths, oil contents, and fatty acid compositions were not affected by the different seeding dates.
Respiration Rate in Each Organ of Ginseng Plant
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 30, issue 2, 1985, Pages 154~157
This study was conducted to know the respiration rate in different organ of 4 years old ginseng plant on June 14 and in different root conditions of 6 years old on October 1. Respiration rate of each organ was the increasing order of young berry, leaf, peduncle, stem and root at all temperature(15
). Temperature coefficients of respiration rate from 15
of each organ were 2.39 in young berry, 1.75 in leaf, 1.57 in root, 1.17 in stem and 1.16 in peduncle. There was no difference between respiration rate of large size root (117
8.8g) and that of small size (54
4.0g) in 6 years old ginseng. Respiration rate was decreased with the decrease in the water content in root, especially in small size root. And respiration rate of red skin root was higher than that of healthy root.
Studies on the Flowering and Maturity in Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) III. Growth of Capsule and Grain by Different Plant Types
Eung-Ryong Son ; Jung-Il Lee ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 30, issue 2, 1985, Pages 158~164
The objective of the study was to investigate growth pattern of capsule and grain to improve grain filling during the grain filling period in sesame. Growth patterns of capsule and grain from anthesis to maturity were measured and compared by different plant types. Growth of capsule length started to grow just after anthesis and recorded maximum point at 35 days after flowering. and then decreased gradually. Growth of higher part capsule was worse than lower and middle capsules. Capsule growth of 2 carpels 4 loculi type showed better than 4 carpels 8 loculi type and BTB (branch, 3 capsules, 2 carpels, 4 loculi) type showed good growth due to its small reduction of higher part capsule length compared to those of lower and middle parts. The order of growth of capsule length were considered to be center capsule in main stem> center capsule in branch> side capsule in main stem> side capsule in branch. Growth of capsule width also showed maximum at 35 days after anthesis and then reduced. The order of growth of capsule width were lower part> middle part> higher part. Higher part capsule width of 3 capsules 4 carpels 8 loculi type showed serious decrease at late reproductive growth stage same as those of capsule length. Fresh one thousand grain weight showed peak at 35 days after anthesis and then reduced. The order of grain growth were appeared as lower part> middle part> higher part. Growth of fresh one thousand grain weight of branch and side capsule were lower than those of main stem center capsule, and 4 carpels 8 loculi type was deeply decreased at late flowering time in higher part such as the growth of capsule length and width. BTB (branch, 3,2/4) type didn't show much decrease in higher part fresh grain weight compared to those of other plant types in spite of its profitable character of lots of sink capacity. BTB type appeared to be ideal for improving grain filling and yield productivity in growing sesame in Korea.
Studies on the Flowering and Maturity in Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) IV. Effects of Foliage Clipping on the Seed Maturity
Jung-Il Lee ; Eung-Ryong Son ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 30, issue 2, 1985, Pages 165~173
The objectives of the study were to investigate the effects of foliage clipping on photosynthesis and grain filling for branch and non branch types under the polyethylene film mulch and non mulch conditions in mono cropping and second cropping after barley in sesame (Sesamum indicum L.), and to improve poor grain filling at later flowering time utilizing these data. One thousand grain weight was more decreased in branch type than in non branch type, in polyethylene film mulch condition than in non mulch condition, and in second cropping after barley than in mono cropping by clipping lower part foliage. Twentyfive percent clipping of lower part foliage showed a little increase than no clipping. Matured grain rate also showed same tendency between branch and non branch type and between mono cropping and second cropping after barley as well as 1,000 grain weight except for polyethylene film mulch. Matured grain rate of 25% foliage clipping at 30 days after flowering in non branch type presented a little increase but decreased in branch type. Clipping of higher part leaves were so serious decrease of matured grain rate that higher part leaves at late maturing time have a major role in photosynthesis. Matured grain rate of foliage clipping at 10 days after flowering was decreased in all treatments. Chlorophyll content of higher part leaves at 50% lower part foliage clipping presented 39% increase compared to same positioned leaves of non treatment, and 66% increase by 50% higher part foliage clipping in lower part leaves. Photosynthetic activity was 58% more increased in 50% lower part foliage clipping than no clipping, but seriously decreased in 50% higher part foliage clipping. Therfore, photosynthates of remained lower part leaves could not only support their own demands, but also any contribution to translocation of photosynthates from source to sink at late maturing time. Harvest index was 28% increased in 25% lower part foliage clipping and 13% decreased in 50% higher part foliage clipping compared to no clipping. Leaf area was 48% increased in 50% lower part foliage clipping compared to the same positioned leaves of no clipping, and only 5% increased in higher part foliage clipping. Productivity by foliage clipping compared to non treatment, was highly decreased in branch type than in non branch type, in second cropping after barley than in mono cropping. Little difference was detected between polyethylene film mulch and non mulch conditions. Twenty five percentage of lower part foliage clipping on mono cropping of non branch type appeared 5% and 8% yield increase in each of polyethylene film mulch and non mulch conditions compared to no clipping, and all decreased in other treatments. Mean loss of productivity by foliage clipping at 10 days after flowering was serious than clipping at 30 days after flowering. As the result, contribution to photosynthesis of source at 10 days after flowering are larger than that at 30 days after flowering in sesame. Fifty percent lower part foliage clipping at 10 days after flowering showed so the most serious yield decrease that lower part leaves at that time were considered as the main role leaves for photosynthesis.
Genotypic and Phenotypic Correlation and Path Coefficient Analysis in Barley
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 30, issue 2, 1985, Pages 174~179
Estimate of heritabilities, genotypic and phenotypic correlations and path coefficient analysis were performed for the seven characters of barley cultivars (Hordeum vulgare L.). Heritabilities of broad sense for stem length and spike length were 0.923 and 0.907. Kernels per spike, grain yield and 100 grain weight also showed high heritabilities. High genotypic and phenotypic correlations existed between stem length and 100 grain weight. Grain yield showed highly significant phenotypic correlation with spike length, 100 grain weight and kernels per spike. Genotypic correlations between those characters were moderately high. Number of stem had greatest direct effect but the number of spike had a strong negative direct effect upon grain yield. Kernels per spike via number of spike showed greatest indirect effect and the number of stem via number of spike showed strong negative indirect effect upon grain yield.
Relationship among Dormant Root Rate Missing Root Rate and Soil Chemical Characteristics in Ginseng Plantations
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 30, issue 2, 1985, Pages 180~183
Percent dormant root and percent missing root were investigated in ginseng (Panax ginseng) plantations and correlated with soil chemical characteristics. Percent dormant root showed no consistency with root age and significant positive correlation with percent missing root in many cases. Percent dormant root showed significant positive correlation with available phosphorus and phosphorus-moisture ratio in soils. Percent missing root showed significant negative correlation with moisture and calcium in soil and positive one with phosphorus - moisture ratio. Above results strongly suggest that excess phosphorus and water stress are the common causes of dormancy and missing of root.
Studies on Physiological Action of Ethylene in Rice Plant IV. Effect of Methionine and ACC on Ethylene Evolution Seedling and Leaf Blade of Rice
Lee, Moon-Hee ; Ota, Yasuo ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 30, issue 2, 1985, Pages 184~189
The experiments were carried out to know the effect of methionine (precursor) and l-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid (ACC, direct precursor) on ethylene evolution in rice plant. Wher rice seedlings and leaves were incubated with various concentrations of methionine and ACC, the amount of ethylene evolution increased, but at high nitrogen levels the ethylene evolution decreased.
Effect of Seedling Age on Internode Elongation of Rice Plant
Gyan L. Shrestha ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 30, issue 2, 1985, Pages 190~194
Three different improved pre-release rice varieties, when transplanted at different ages of seedlings, showed that 40 day old seedlings produced the longest panicle, whereas 30 day old seedlings produced the highest culm length among treatments in all treated varieties. 40 day or older seedlings reduced the culm length remarkably mainly due to decrease in lower internodes in IET7251 and BG400-1, and due to upper as well as lower internodes in B44b-50-2-2-5-1. 30 day old seedlings produced maximum number of visible internodes. Heading as weil as maturity was delayed with increasing age of seedling.
Development of Cell Lines for Application of Recombinant DNA Techniques in Crops
Young-Am Chae ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 30, issue 2, 1985, Pages 195~200
This experiment was carried out to know the processes of protoplast isolation, culture and plant regeneration in aims of introducing foreign genes into plant cells through plant gene vector, and cellular selection for plant improvement. The main results indicated that 2% cellulase plus 0.5% macerozyme is proper for isolation of protoplasts from leaf mesophyll cells of N. plumbaginifolia, plating efficiency was higher in 1.4-2.0 x 10
cells/ml, complete cell wall was regenerated after 2 days culture, cell division and cell mass were observed after 4 days and 2 weeks, respectively, colony was developed after 3 weeks culture, addition of 1-2mg/l BA promoted shoot differentiation while root differentiation did not required hormone and seeds were harvested from more than 100 cell lines for further investigation and study.
Influence of Storage Condition on Germination Ability of Rice Seed
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 30, issue 2, 1985, Pages 201~206
This experiment was carried out to get the basic information about long term storage (Temp.: -10
, RH; 30
6) of rice germplasm by using three Japonica and one Indica x Japonica cultivars based on the storage periods (96, 86, 58 and 20 months). The germination ability, based on the storing periods, was tested under the conditions of 30-32
air temperature. The results obtained are summarized as follows: 1. There were no significant differences between the short and long term storage conditions in the percentage of germination, average germination period, germination coefficient of the four varieties tested under both 15-17
of low and 30-32
of optimum temperature conditions. 2. Eventhough there were no significant differences in germination depending on the storage periods under optimum temperature condition (30-32
). Longer storage duration resulted in lower germination percentage, longer average germination period and lower germination coefficient under low temperature condition (15-17
). Comparing the varieties, the germination percentage of a Indica/Japonica cultivar "Tongil" was lower than that of Japonica cultivars under the low temperature condition (15-17
). 3. The longer period of storage, the more abnormal plants had appeared. 4. The germination ability was lost earlier under the condition of high moisture content in the seed and non-ventilation container