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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Crop Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Crop Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 32, Issue 4 - Dec 1987
Volume 32, Issue 3 - Sep 1987
Volume 32, Issue 2 - Jun 1987
Volume 32, Issue 1 - Mar 1987
Selecting the target year
Prodcutivity of Silage Corn Affected by Planting Dates in the Rice Black-streaked Dwarf Virus Prevalent Area
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 32, issue 3, 1987, Pages 249~255
To find out the optimum planting date of silage corn in the rice black-streaked dwarf virus (RBSDV) pre-valent area, a resistant hybrid of Jinjuok and a susceptible hybrid of Suweon 19 were planted at the 8 planting dates from April 1 to June 10 at the la-day intervals. Considering escape of RBSDV and silage yield, the optimum planting date seems to be during the April in both hybrids. At the April plantings silage yield of two hybrids ranged from 17 to 23 tons/ha on the dry matter base due to a lower infection rate and higher tolerance to RBSDV and there was no difference in silage yield between two hybrids. At the May plantings yield of ear, stover, and silage, culm length, and digestible dry matter decreased significantly as planting date delayed due to an increase in RBSDV infection rate in both hybrids although performance of a resistant hybrid of Jinjuok was better than a susceptible hybrid of Suweon 19. At the June 10 planting RBSDV infection rate was low and performance of corn was better than that at the May plantings but poorer than that at the April plantings. The peak of small brown planthopper population occurred in late March or early April, middle June, middle July, and early September although it fluctuated a little yearly. Very low small brown planthopper population during the May may attribute to a lower RBSDV infection and high silage yields at the April plantings because the plants grow enough to be tolerant when infected by RBSDV in middle June. However, at the May plantings plants are too young to be tolerant when infected by RBSDV in middle June.
Relationship between Environmental Conditions and the Growth of Ginseng (Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer) Plant in Field III. Field Photosynthesis under Different Light Intensity
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 32, issue 3, 1987, Pages 256~267
Changes of light intensity under and above shading materials were measured at different relative light intensity(R.L.I. 5% of common straw shading, 15% of polyester shading and 20% of polyester shading at 12 o'clock on clear day) and lines(lst, 3rd and 5th lines) on clear and cloudy days in 5-year -old ginseng plant populations. Rates of photosynthesis and respiration, microclimate and root yield were also measured in field. Air temperature of R.L.I. 5% were lower 2
compared with R.L.I. 15% and lower 3
compared with R. L. I. 20% from 12 to 14 o'clock on clear day, but there were not difference among R. L. I. on cloudy day. Relative humidity of R. L. I. 5% were higher 5% compared compared with R.L.I. 20% from 10 to 14 o'clock on clear day, R. L. I. on cloudy day. Light intensity were below 5,000 lux at R.L.I. 5%, about 15,000 lux at R.L.I. 15% and about 20,000 lux at R.L.I. 20% from 10 to 15 o'clock on clear day. But light intensity were below 3, 000 lux at R. L. I. 5% about 10, 000 lux at R. L. I. 15% and about 15, 000 lux at R. L. I. 20% from 10 to 15 o'clock on cloudy. Photosynthetic rate of R.L.I. 15% and R.L.I. 20% were higher compared with R.L.I. 5% on clear and cloudy days. Tatal photosynthesis in a day were increased by R.L.I. 5%, 20%, 15% in turn on clear and cloudy days. R. L. I. 15% and 20% were not notable difference of photosynthetic rates among lines but R. L. I. with R. L. I. 15%, and higher 8% but there were not different among 5% was notable difference of one. Root fresh weight were increased by R.L.I. 5%, 20% and 15% in turn and R.L.I. 15% and 20% were not notable difference of root yield among lines but R. L. I. 5% was notable difference of one.
The Use of Multiple Tests in Predicting the Vigor of Soybean Seeds
Kim, Seok-Hyeon ; Lawrence O. Copeland ; Riad Baalbaki ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 32, issue 3, 1987, Pages 268~276
Five soybean varieties were used to measure seed vigor according to the artificially different deterioration. A vigor index derived from the product of percent germination x hypocotyllength was used as the parameter in comparison of other tests for seed vigor. There were the varietal differences in initial vigor. The warm germination test was the best measurement for seed vigor at the advanced stages of seed deterioration. All other vigor measurements, except ATP and GADA measurements, showed highly significant correlations with the vigor index. Hypocotyl length, conductivity index and cold germination measurements for seed vigor were appropriate for predicting seed quality.
Studies on the Physiological Chemistry of Dormancy and Germination in Panax. ginseng Seeds 2. Changes in Abscisic acid content during Stratification of Seeds.
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 32, issue 3, 1987, Pages 277~286
Abscisic acid (ABA) content of the seed and endocarp during stratification were analyzed and then examined in relation to the embryo growth and germination. In mature red fruitlet, the ABA content was remarkably higher in sarcocarp than those in both seed ans endocarp. During the stratification before dehiscence, ABA content was gradually decreased in both seed and endocarp. After 90 days(dehiscent percentage; 96%) it came to 90 pmol/ g DW(69% decrease) and to 41 pmol/ g DW (80% decrease) in seed and in endocarp, respectively. The ratio of free from to total ABA content showed constant decrease in seed, but remained at higher level in endocap than in seed. Correlation between the decrease of ABA content and embryo growth showed higher significance in seed than in endocarp. During the stratification after dehiscence, ABA content in seed was gradually decreased at 4
, After 90 days it came to 28 pmol/ g DW (69% decrease) and to 46 pmol/ g DW (49% decrease) at 4
and at 15
, respectively. The ratio of free form to total ABA content was gradually increased at 4
, but remained almost constant at 15
. Correlation between the decrease of ABA content and days to first germination showed positive singificance only at 4
, whereas the correlation between the decrease and mean germination percentage per day showed negative significance at 4
, but positive significance at 15
. The above results indicate the ABA of the seed end endocarp during the stratification before dehiscence seems to be concerned with the immature embryo growth, but that of the seed during the stratification after dehiscence seems to show little effect on the germination capability(degree of breaking physiological dormancy).
Effects of Seed Maturity, Seed Maturity, Seeding Rate, and Plan Planting Time on the Seed and Silage Yields of Rye(Secale Cereale L)**
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 32, issue 3, 1987, Pages 287~293
To find out the effects of seed maturity and seeding rate of two planting times on the seed emergence and silage and seed yields of rye, a local variety 'Paldanghomir' harvested 30 and 45 days after heading(DAH) were planted at five seeding rates on October(optimum) and November(late) in 1985. At the optimum planting, number of seedlings per unit area and number of tillers per plant were affected by seeding rate, but not by the seed maturities. However, at the late planting, number of seedlings per unit area and number of tillers per plant wer higher in the seed harvested 45 DAH, and they were not correlated with seeding rate in both seeds harvested 30 and 45 DAH. Heading date was 2 or 3 days earlier in the seeds harvested 45 DAH in both planting times. Silage yield was higher at the optimum planting and increased as seeding rate increased in both planting times. Number of spike and 1000~seed weight were higher at the optimum planting than late planting and higher in the seed harvested 45 DAH than 30 DAH in late planting, but were not different among seeding rates. Seed yield at optimum planting showed no difference between seed maturities and among seeding rates, and recommandable seeding rate was 600 seeds per
. At late planting the seed yield of the seed harvested 45 DAH in the seeding rate over 750 seeds per
approached to the yield of the optimum planting. The seed harvested 30 DAH was unstable because of extremely low emergence rate and yield even at the higher seeding rate in late planting. planting.
Occurrence of Tiller and Its Effects on Grain Yield of Barley under Different Plant Densities.
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 32, issue 3, 1987, Pages 294~301
This experiment was carried out to investigate the occurrence of tiller and its proportion to grain yield under 5 different plant densities. Plant density 5 x 5cm was more favorable for increasing the number of spikes per unit area, where leads to improve grain yield. Effective tillers showed only main stem, M
-axil and M
-axil, indication more effective tillers in M
rather than main stem. Every tillers held at least 6 leaves to bear spikes, indicating that main stem has 12 -13 leaves. Leaves attached on main stem M
0/ and M
were very important as main source of photosynthesis, especially under more compart plant densities while leaves of M
occupied 66.8% in a plant. The proportion of grain yield of each tiller to total grain yield per plant was high in main stem under conpact plant density, in M
stems under less compact plant density, and in M
-stems under wide plant density, indicating same result on multiple regression analysis.
Studies on Varietal Resistance to Sheath Blight Disease in Rice II. Varietal Difference of Resistance
Kwang-Ho Kim ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 32, issue 3, 1987, Pages 302~309
One hundred rice varieties were tested for their level of resistance to sheath blight disease at adult plant stage in field condition through 1984 to 1986. Rice plants were grown under ordinary seasonal culture and inoculated by k-2 fungus isolate during three years. k -1 isolate was also inoculated separately in 1984 and test under late seasonal culture was conducted in separate field in 1985. Degree of damage by the disease observed at 25 days after heading was used to identify the level of resistance of the rice varieties tested. Varietal differences of degree of damage were significant in five tests during three years, and the genotypic variance of degree of damage was always higher than environmental variance among varieties tested. Positive correlations between testing years, between cultural seasons, and between isolates inoculated were found in degree of damage of varieties tested for two or three years continuously. Degree of damage by the disease was correlated negatively with heading date of rice varieties except 1984 tests. Thus, the level of resistance should be compared among the variety group having almost same heading date in field condition, and late and extremely late variety groups should be tested for their level of resistance under appropriate environmental condition. Gayabyo, an early heading variety, and SR9713-54-3, a medium heading breeding line, showed consistent lower value of degree of damage during two or three years. These two varieties were selected as moderate resistant germplasm.
Effects of Liming and Nitrogen Sources on the Yield and Quality of Burley Tobacco. I. On the Growth Characteristics, Yield and Quality.
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 32, issue 3, 1987, Pages 310~316
A field experiment was conducted to find out the effects of liming(soil pH) and sources of N on growing characters and yield of burley tobacco. Treatments consisted of liming(nonliming, liming to soil pH5.5 and 6.5) as the main plot and N sources(compound fertilizer of containing 3.9% NH
-N and 6.1% NH
CO and (NH
as the sub-plot. The growth of vegetative growing stage of limed plots were delayed(to compare the nonlimed plot) by influence of alkali. When the source on N was NaNO
the growth of vegetative growing stage was unfavorable and the yellowing of lower leaves of maturing stage was rapid. The yield and value of cured leaf was increased by increasing the rate of Ca(OH)
, but there was no significant differences among the source of N. The yield response to liming was greater when the source of N was (NH
than that of any other plots.
Effects of Transplanting Dates on Major Agronomic Characteristics and Stem Yield in Mat Rush(Juncus effusus L. var. decipiens, Bush)
Eung-Ryong Son ; Jung-Il Lee ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 32, issue 3, 1987, Pages 317~322
In order to find out the optimum transplanting date of mat rush, this study was investigated ecological characters, yield components and yield of three varieties (Okayama#2, Sajanami and Sedo #4) at 5 transplanting dates(October 25, November 5, November 15, November 25 and March 5). As transplanting date was delayed, the flowering date and maturing date was delayed also and stem length was longest in October 25 transplanting but it grew short in the late transplanting. Number of stems per plant was increased most in October 25 transplanting, that is, increased to 143 in okayama#2, 138 in Sedo#4 and 135 in Sajanami, and it was decreased in the late transplanting. Fresh stem yield and dry stem yield were heaviest in October 25 transplanting, and it was light in the late transplanting. Judging from the results reported above, in optimum transplanting date of mat rush seemed to be before the October 25.
Studies on Varietal Differences in Growth, Nodulation and Nitrogen Fixation in Soybeans, Glycine max (L.) Merrill I. Changes in nitrogen fixation activity and dry weight of plant organs during reproductive stage
Eun-Hui Hong ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 32, issue 3, 1987, Pages 323~329
Five soybean varieties of two early maturing Karikei73 and SS 79168, and three late maturing Tohoku76, Baegunkong and Jangbaegkong were used and evaluated in the study. Of the varieties examined, Karikei73 was characterized by the delayed leaf senescence. The varieties were planted in the pots of 1/3500 a filled with volcanic ash soil at the experimental fields of the National Institute of Agrobiological Resources in Japan. Major agronomic characteristics including the activity of nitrogen fixation for root nodules during the grain filling period were measured. Measurements during the stages were followed by the stage of development descriptions for soybeans made by Fehr and Carviness (1977). The acetylene reducing activity (ARA) per dry weight of root nodule measured using acetylene reduction assays was the highest at R4-R4.5 with decreasing trends thereafter for the early matruing varieties, while it continuously increased up to R6 but decreased rapidly thereafter for the late maturing varieties. The dry weights of root nodules and all parts of the host plant at each stage checked were greater in the late maturing varieties being the same in ARA per pot.
Effect of Seed Position on Seed Size, Contents of Ginsenosides, Free Sugars and Fatty Acids in Panax ginseng
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 32, issue 3, 1987, Pages 330~335
This study was carried out to know the effect of seed position on the size, contents of ginsenosides, free sugars, and fatty acids in ginseng seeds. Seed positions were classified by the three portions as center, middle and border in a seed cluster. Seed weight at center was light remarkably in comparison with those of seeds of at border and middle. The weight of embryo plus endosperm was in same tendency as seed weight. Percentage of single-seeded berry was smaller than that of the double-seeded, and the triple-seeded was rare. The percentage of the single-seeded increased from the border to the center. Size of the single -seeded seed was smaller than that of the double- seeded. Rate of dehiscence did not differ among different seed positions. The major ginsenosides in seed were Re, Rb
, and Rb
. The contents of Rb
and total saponin were highest in border, least in center, but reversed in Re and Rd. Major free sugars in seed were sucrose and glucose. The sucrose content was gradually decreased according to the seed position from border to center. Major fatty acids in the seed were oleic and linoleic acid. Contents of palmitic and linolenic acid were different according to the seed position.
Effects of Silica, Potash, 2. 4-D and Kitatchin-P. G on the Lodging of Rice Plant.
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 32, issue 3, 1987, Pages 336~340
The objective of this experiment was to find out the effect of agro-chemicals on the lodging in paddy field. Sioz added into soil up to 130 ppm and K
O applied 15kg/10a at land preparation. 2.4-D sprayed 250g/10a on the 30 days after transplanting and kitatchin G. applied 3kg/10a on the 30 days before heading. The most efficient agro-chemical to prevent lodging was kitatchin which applied 3kg/10a on the 30 days before heading. Generally, kitatchin and 2.4-D were reduced plant height and lodging index, but decreased grain yield.
Effects of Various Vernalization Duration and Growth Habit on Ear Primordium Development and Heading Date in Barley
Eun-Sup Lee ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 32, issue 3, 1987, Pages 341~346
Seven barley varieties were tested under three different vernalization durations for observing the effects of vernalization duration and different growth habit on shoot apex development and heading date. The final leaf number per main stem in 3 and 6 weeks vernalized seedlings did not vary among varieties, but ranged 7 to 14 leaves in non-vernalized seedlings. The winter types had more leaves than the spring types. Days for each leaf emergence in non-vernalization were retarded 1. 3 to 1. 5 days in comparison with 3 or 6 weeks vernalized seedlings. In general, the leaf emergence speed of spring types was faster than that of winter types. The VI stage whose double ridge formed, did not vary in 6 weeks vernalization, but spring (Gangbori & Dongbori 2) and facultative or winter types showed two conspicuous difference patterns. The differences of days to X stage were great among different vernalization duration and varieties; the stage of spring types was reached faster than that of winter types. The early varieties within the same growth habit were reached to X stage faster, and the time of flag leaf emergence showed the similar tendency to the differentiation of X stage. The time of the first rapid stem internode elongation became late as for incompletely vernalized seedlings. The time within the same vernalization duration became later in winter types than in spring types, and even within the same growth habit, the time of early varieties became faster than that of late varieties. The growth habit in especially non-vernalized seedlings had highly significant correlation coefficients with the times of leaf development speed, leaf number per main stem, the first rapid stem internode and young spike elongations, X stage, and flag leaf emergence. However, the relationship between growth habit and time of heading in the field was not close.
Effect of Nitrogen Fertilization on Maturity of leaves and Chemical Contents of Burley Tobacco
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 32, issue 3, 1987, Pages 347~352
This studies were carried out to investigate the effects of nitrogen fertilizer rates and methods of its application on maturity of leaves, total nitrogen and total alkaloids concentration in burley tobacco leaves. Nitrogen rate ranged from 17.5 to 40.5kg/10a and applied through basic fertilization and sidedressing. The filling capacity of cured leaves was decreased with increasing levels of nitrogen fertilizer. As the rate of nitrogen fertilization was increased or sidedressing, the maturity of leaves was delayed and total alkaloids and total nitrogen concentration were increased. Total alkaloids concentration in leaves was gradually increased, especially more in upper leaves from 60 to no days after tratnsplanting, but total nitrogen concentration was decreased.
Effects of 2. 4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid on the Growth Response and Fruit Quality of Strawberry
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 32, issue 3, 1987, Pages 353~356
To find out the effect of 2.4-D on growth response and fruit quality of strawberry, by leaf treatment (spray) of 120l/10a of 2.4-D(amine salt 40%) 10 ppm solution at flowering stage of 1st cluster, the experiment was carried out in the P-E film covered green-house. The strawberry plant showed the epinastic growing response with long petiole and petide and increased the evolution of ethylene from leaves and fruits after 2.4-D spraying. Therefore, the peak of picking time was accerated about 15 days according to the higher amount of ethylene evolution from strawberry plants, and the yield of fruit increased about 18% by improving the average weight of a fruit.
Response on Canopy Structure, Dry Matter and Yield of Corn and Soydean on Alternative Row Cropping
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 32, issue 3, 1987, Pages 357~368
The productivity of cropping systems with corn and soybean were tested in field layouts such as monocultures of each, I-row alternation(l：1), 1-row corn with 2-rows soybean(l：2), and 1-row corn with 3 rows soybean(l : 3). Increasing soybean rows in alternative row croppings modified corn plant short and thick stalk. Decreasing soybean rows induced lodging of soybean plants because of lengthy stem. Although LAI in alternative row croppings increased by 2-8% over monocultures, light transmition into canopy was improved in alternative rows with rearrangement of leaf area and top dry wt.. Top/root ratio of corn plants in alternative rows was decreased as increasing soybean rows. The amount of total nitrogen uptake was increased by 4-22% in alternative row croppings over monocultures. Grain yield of corn plants was increased and that of soybean was decreased as rows of soybean increased in alternative row croppings. Land equivalent ratios were ranged from 0.96 to 1.01, but grain yields, amount of total nitrogen, and dry matter yields were increased by 17-20, 10-25, and 17-20%, respectively, in alternative rows. The 1 : 1 alternative row of corn and soybean was concluded the best cropping system for production of grain and dry matter.
Relation between Crop Stand and Yield in White Ginseng Cultivation Area.
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 32, issue 3, 1987, Pages 369~374
Relationships among root yield, planting density (PD), missing plant rate (MR), leaf area index (LAI) , leaf area per plant(LAP), root weight(RW), number of harvested root(RN) and leaf fall plant rate (LFP) were investigated by survey of white ginseng plantations in Pungi and Geumsan area. In Geumsan PD was about twice than in Pungi but yield was low with high rates of MR and LFP. Yield depended on RN in high PD cultivation while on RW in low PD. The effect of MR on yield was prominent in high PD cultivation. PD showed insignificant negative correlation with yield and no clear relation with MR. RN depended on PD and was especially limited by MR, Yield depended on LAI at harvest time and especially at maximum growth time. LAI was not different between high and low PD area but depended only on RN in high PD and only on LAP in low PD area, and limited by MR in both PD. LAP depended highly on RW and this fact seems to be the very reason that LAI could not increase with the increase of PD. All fields showed the suboptimum LAI.