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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Crop Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Crop Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 32, Issue 4 - Dec 1987
Volume 32, Issue 3 - Sep 1987
Volume 32, Issue 2 - Jun 1987
Volume 32, Issue 1 - Mar 1987
Selecting the target year
Effects of Liming and Nitrogen Sources on the Yield and Quality of Burley Tobacco II. Effects of Chemical Constituents of tobacco leaves
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 32, issue 4, 1987, Pages 379~385
A field experiment was conducted to find out the effects of liming (soil pH) and sources of N on the chemical constituents of soil and leaf lamina of burley tobacco. Treatments consisted of liming (nonliming, liming to soil pH 5.5 and 6.5) as the main plot and N sources［compound fertilizer of containing 3.9%
］as the sub-plot. The soil pH was high in
plot, while low in
. But the differences of Ca concentration in top soil among N sources were not detected. The
concentration in top soil was high in high limed and
content of leaf (lamina) at 75 days after transplanting was high in
plot and CaO con-tent of leaf at 45 days after transplanting was high in high limed plot. But neither liming nor N source had effect on the contents of total nitrogen,
of leaf during growing season. There was no significant differences in total alkaloid and total nitrogen contents of cured leaf (lamina) to liming and N source. But when the source of N was
, the content of total alkaloid was increased by adding lime. When the source of N was
, the content of
in cured leaf was high while CaO was low. But neither liming nor N source had effect on the contents of
and MgO in cured leaf.
Effect of Growth light and Planting Density on Yield and Quality of Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 32, issue 4, 1987, Pages 386~391
Effect of growth light intensity (5% and 20%) and planting density (40, 56, 90/33㎡) on yield and red ginseng quality was investigated in a sandy loam field of ginseng plantation. High growth light intensity had no effect on yield and quality but decreased stem length, leaf area and chlorophyll content and increased specific leaf weight. The optimum planting density was 64/3.3㎡ for both yield and Heaven + Earth grade (HE grade) of red ginseng. HE-shape ginseng rate showed significant positive correlation (P=0.0l) with HE grade rate.
Effect of Presowing Treatment with Growth Regulators on Different Growth and Yield Contributing Parameters in Soybean ［Glycine max (L.) Merril］
Eun Oh, Kwon ; Ja Ock, Guh ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 32, issue 4, 1987, Pages 392~402
To know the effect of presowing seed soaking with some growth substances (kinetin, IAA, ethrel and salicylic acid) on vegetative growth and yield contributing parameters in soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merrill] the investigation was undertaken. The salient features from the study are;-All the treatments showed the enhancement effect on vegetative growth, viz. seediling emergence, germination percentage, plant height, number of leaves and branches per plant as compared with control, whereas salicylic acid delayed the seedling emergence process and lowered the germination percentage.-Nodule initiation, number of nodules and nodule weight were hastened and increased respectively under all the treatments whereas IAA showed an opposite effect on all the parameters at the early stages of nodule development.-Kinetin, IAA and ethrel showed the significant enhancement effect on the levels of biochemical parameters throughout the time of seed development whereas salicylic acid and water showed the tendency similar to that of control.-Yield and its components, viz. number of flowers, pods and seeds per plant were significant increased under all the treatments but they didn't show any significant enhancement effect on number of seeds per pod and pod setting rate. One hundred seed weight was lower under all the treatments, indicating the dilution effect resulting from incapability of increased number and size of source to provide the increased size of sink with assimilates.
Effects of Zeolite Application on Yield and Yield Components in Rice
Chang-Hwan Cho ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 32, issue 4, 1987, Pages 403~408
The milled rice yield of the fertilized Zeolite in the sandy loam as 542 Kg/10a was increased by 11% compared with the check plat as a standard cultivation. Significant positive correlations of that were found between grain yield/plant and panicle/total weight ratio or average weight of panicle, while lower correlations between ratio of riqened grains and grain yield/ plant. But significant negative correlations were found between 1,000-grain weight of rough and 4th. 5th internode/culm length ratio. It was reavealed that there were higher direct effects for ratio of ripened grains and spikelets/panicle affecting grain yield/plant through path analysis among the yield components. Moreover, organic dry matter production at 35 days after heading were heavier by 26% in active leaves, 19% in stem + leaf sheath, and 5% in panicle, respectively. Ratio of settled spikelets on the terminal of primary rachis-branch was 47% to total spikelets, and 37% in half-upper of that, moreover many spikelets settled on the terminal of rachis. Therefore, it was recognized that there were a dominant effect of apical glumous flower by fertilized Zeolite.
Effects of Planting Dates on Dry Matter Production and Ecological Characteristics of Soybeans(Glycine max. (L.) Merr.) in Southern Region of Korea
Seong-Geun Oh ; ; Eun-Hui Hong ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 32, issue 4, 1987, Pages 409~416
The object of this study was to investigate the differences in dry matter production, physiological characteristic and grain yield of soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) as affected by planting dates in southern region of Korea. This experiment was conducted using four planting dates and four varieties over 3 years (1982-1984). The different responses of soybean varieties to different temperature and daylength, days from planting to flowering were ranged from 43 to 55 days when planted on May 10 long daylength and low temperature condition. Flowering duration was ranged from 12 to 27 days and 9 to 13 days for the plantings made on May 10 and July 9, respectively. Therefore, it was the shortest under the short daylength and high tempera-ture condition. It also appeared that the later planting caused the lower dry matter weight and leaf area index which resulted in lower grain yield. But grain yield was not directly correlated with the unbalance of Xink/Source Ratio and the lodging from excessive vegatative growth. The grain yield was the highest in May 30 and the lowest in July 9 planting: it was ranged from 2.26 to 2.55 t/ha in the former and 0.85 to 1.20 t/ha in the latter, respectively. The increase in yield was depended on the increase in the number of pods per plant, the number of seeds per pod and the seed weight. The distribution ratio of dry matter to leaves was the hightest at the sixth trifoliolate leaf stage and gradually declined thereafter in all planting dates, and it also appeared that the later planting, the lower the ratio of dry matter to leaves.
Vigor Determination in Barley Seeds by the Multiple Criteria
Seok Hyeon, Kim ; Zhin Ryong, Choe ; Jin Ho, Kang ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 32, issue 4, 1987, Pages 417~424
The seeds of three barley varieties of which initial seed vigor were different were used to measure seed vigor of accelerated aging techniques. A vigor index derived from the product of percent germination and plumule length was used to estimate seed vigor. The index was compared with the results of other tests. The results of warm germination test well suited to the measurements of seed vigor at the advanced stages of seed deterioration. Other vigor measurements except ATP and GADA values, showed close relationships with the vigor index. The measurements of plumule length in cold test and tetrazolium test were found to be appropriate for predicting seed quality.
Effects of Planting Dates on Major Agronomic Characteristics and Yield of Sculellaria baicalensis George
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 32, issue 4, 1987, Pages 425~430
The present experiment was carried out to investigate the effects of direct sowing time and transplanting culture of Sculellaria baicalensis GEORGE on the grows, the yield and it's components. The results obtained are summarized as fallows; The number of days from seeding to emergence was recognized lineary negative correlation between seeding dates and transplanting dates. Plant height was longest on Apr. 15 Seeding and Apr. 1 transplanting, and was short in the early seeding and transplanting, and the late seeding and transplanting. Stem diameter was thickest on Apr. 15 seeding and Apr. 1 transplanting, and was thin in the early, and the late seeding and trasplanting. Length and dry weight of root were increased on Apr. 15 seeding. In the transplanting date, Length and dry weight of root were increased on Apr.1. Yield of dry root was highest in Apr. 15 seeding date. In the transplanting culture, yield of dry root was highest in Apr.1
Alteration of Vegetarltive and Agronomic Attributes of Soybeans by Terminal Bud Removal
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 32, issue 4, 1987, Pages 431~435
Terminal bud removal has been thought as a useful practical management of soybean cultivation in Korea, and such cultivating method has been recommended till recent times. Many experiments about the effect of bud removal have been made, but it is not certain yet. This study was conducted to determine if source potential and seed yield would be affected by bud removal in 4 determinate soybean varieties. Terminal bud was removed by hand at the 5 trifoliolate stage of growth. Data were collected on leaf area and leaf dry matter weight from 58 to 101 DAP by nearly every 10 days and some agronomic characteristics and seed yield after maturity. Removing the apical bud did not increased leaf area and leaf dry matter. Number of modes and pods per a plant was increased by bud removal, but number of seeds per a pod was decreased, and seed yield was unchanged by such offsets. From the data, we concluded the source potential of soybean plants was not increased by terminal bud removal under the planting density, 22,000 pit/l0a, however it would be a useful way to reduce the lodging or over-growth.
Variation of Anther and Pistil Length in Rice
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 32, issue 4, 1987, Pages 436~442
The variations of the anther and pistil length of some rice cultivars at the different planting density and fertility levels were tested and their inheritance mode was studied. The anther length of a spikelet on a secondary panicle branch was longer than the one of a spikelet on a primary panicle branch. In the cultivar Z97B, both the anther and the pistil length were increased slightly along the increased plant-ing spacings, But, in the cultivar IR43 no general tendency was observed. The fertilizer levels applied n the field did not affect both the anther and pistil length of a given cultivar. In a cross of IR56/IR8, the anther length showed continuous variation with longer anther being recessive in the F2 population. While, the pistil length showed a continuous variation with longer pistil being over-dominance. In all of the crosses which IR56 involved, the general and specific combining abilities were high for both the anther and pistil length. The broad sense heritability for anther length was 0.46, and for pistil length was 0.88. The correlation coefficients of anther length and pistil length were 0.33 for phenotypic and 0.44 for geno-typic.
Effects of Stem Extracts from Perilla and Buckwheat on Seed Germination and Seedling Growth of Barnyard grass and Chinese Cabbage
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 32, issue 4, 1987, Pages 443~446
The present study was conducted to investigate the effects of stem extracts from perilla and buckwheat on the germination and seedling growth of barnyard grass and chinese cabbage. The major results obtained are as follows. The stem extracts showed inhibiting effects on seed germination. The degree of inhibition was much higher with the extracts of perilla than those of buckwheat and more sensitive to chinese cabbage than barnyard grass. The trends of inhibition effects on seedling growth were the same as in the seed germination with lower degree. The roots were more sensitive to the extracts than the tops with higher degree with buckwheat extracts.
Studies on Varietal Differences in Growth, Nodulation and Nitrogen Fixation in Soybeans Glycine max (L.) Merril II. Changes in Sugar Concentration of Root and Nodule During Reproductive Stage
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 32, issue 4, 1987, Pages 447~454
Five soybean varieties of two early maturing; Karikei 73 and SS79168, and three late maturing; Tohoku 76, Baegunkong and Jangbaegkong, were used and evaluated in the study, Of the varieties examined, Karikei 73 was characterized by the delayed leaf senescence, To investigate the periodical trends of sugars in plant organs and their roles to the nitrogen fixing activity of root nodules, the concentrations of reducing and non-reducing sugar in root and nodules during the grain filling period were measured. The concentration of non-reducing sugar in roots was not changed up to the stage of R6 for all of the varieties but it decreased rapidly thereafter for the varieties except Karikei 73. No such rapid decrease in the concentration of non-reducing sugar in the roots was observed for Karikei 73 having the characteristics of delayed leaf senescence. The concentration of reducing sugar in the root nodules was not greatly changed for all of the varieties up to the stage of R6 regardless of the earliness of varieties but increased temporarily at R6.5 when there was a rapid decrease in ARA. The phenomenon explained the fact that nitrogen fixing activities were controlled not only by supplying sugars as the source of energy for nitrogen fixation, but also by the need for fixed nitrogen of the plant. The concentration of non-reducing sugar in root nodules also increased up to the stage of R6-R6.5 but decreased at R7, which could apply the same explanation as in the concentration of reducing sugar of the root nodules.
Fertilization and Embryo Development in Pollination and Culture for Interspecific and Intergeneric Crossing of Forage Crops
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 32, issue 4, 1987, Pages 455~461
The ovaries or the ovules of grasses were pollinated and cultured in vitro to raise the interspecific or the intergeneric hybrids between tall fescue, meadow fescue, and Italian ryegrass. The isolated and suface-sterili-zed pistils were dusted with compatible pollens on stigma, on stump after removing stigma, or on excised ovule. Furthermore, the fertilized ovaries and ovules were cultured on MS, M6, or White's media and treated with plant growth regulators: IAA, kinetin, BA to promote embryo development and seed maturity. The in vitro fertilization in grass species ranged from 44 to 92% depending on ovary and pollen parents. The stigmatic pollination was resulted in 67.8% fertilization, the stump pollination 89.0%, and the excised ovule pollination 61.0%, repectively. White's medium was the most effective to provide embryo development and seed maturity in grass species. And the combined treatment of IAA 10mg/
, kinetin 0.2mg/
, was better than the non-treatment. Only two seedlings, one complete and one abnormal with root formation were obtained from 127 ovaryies cultured. The anatomy of ovules in vitro cultured was revealed the differentiation of vascular system and meristematic tissue, and the formation of sclerenchyma cells inside ovule.
Pyramiding Resistance Genes to leaf Blast in Rice through
Hak Soo, Suh ; Mun Hue, Heu ; F.L., Nuque ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 32, issue 4, 1987, Pages 462~465
hybrids, Seokwang/Milyang 54, HR1619-6-2-1-2-2/Milyang 54 and 55061/IR19735-5-2-3-2-1, and their parents were inoculated with each of four individual blast races, IC-l3, IH-l, IA-61 and IB-47, and the mixtures of two races, IC-13 and IH-l, IC-13 and IA-61, and IC-13 and IB-47, respectively. The varietal reactions to the tested races showed that two parental varieties of each cross, Seokwang and Milyang 54, HR1619-6-2-1-2-2 and Milyang 54, and 55061 and IR19735-5-2-3-2-1 have different resistance gene(s) respectively. The F 1 hybrids between two cultivars having different resistant genes were resistant to the mixture of two races of which one race was virulent to one parent and avirulent to the other parent respectively, while the parents of these F
s were susceptible. This may suggest that the F
hybrids have wider spectrum resistance to leaf blast than their parents.
Callus Induction and Plant Regeneration in Hordeum spontaneum
Jong-Yol Choi ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 32, issue 4, 1987, Pages 466~470
Immature embryos of Hordeum spontaneum were cultured on B5 and CI medium (Cheng's modified MS) to induce callus formation. CI media containing lmg/
2,4-D were more effective than B5 medium with lmg/
2,4-D for the initiation of callus. Total 883 calli were induced from 1,060 immature embryos plated. Callus induction frequency was 83%. Calli were transferred to differentiation media after one subculture to regenerate plants. Forty six plants were regenerated from 608 calli. Seventeen plants were chlorophyll deficient. There was no significant difference for plant regeneration among genotypes and media effects in calli which had been induced from immature embryos of seven types of trisomies. The overall regeneration frequency was 7.6%.
Studies on the Growth and Change of Mineral Nutrient Contents in Ginseng (Panax ginseng) Plant During the Growing Process
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 32, issue 4, 1987, Pages 471~475
Some physiological analysis and the trend of a change in mineral nutrient contents in 2 years old ginseng plants were investigated for 10 times at 15 to 25 days interval from April 25th to October 10. The growth of leaf in size was completed by the beginning of June and that of stem in height by the late of June. The trend of a seasonal change in root weight showed a form of V letter, that is, the weight was de-creased until late of May and increased continuously thereafter up to September. However, the duration of root growth might be dependent on the defoliation. The growth of root in length begins from the beginning of June and stops in the beginning of August. Relative growth rate, net assimilation rate and crop growth rate were all negative values in just after shoot-emergence. The values showed a peak in May and decreased gradually thereafter. The leaf area ratio showed a peak of 76
/g in May, and down to 30
/g in the beginning of October. The contents of nitrogen and potassium in aerial part of ginseng plants decreased at the late growing season, but increased on lime. No seasonal changes on phosphate and magnesium were observed. The contents of nitrogen, phosphate and potassium in root decreased rapidly at the maximum growing season for the aerial part and increased gradually thereafter. Whereas no changes on lime and magesium were observed during the growing season.