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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Journal of Crop Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Crop Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 33, Issue s01 - Dec 1988
Volume 33, Issue 4 - Dec 1988
Volume 33, Issue 3 - Sep 1988
Volume 33, Issue 2 - Jun 1988
Volume 33, Issue 1 - Mar 1988
Selecting the target year
Studies on the Varietal Response of Soybeans to Nitrogen Application Level under Different Soil Acidity II. Effect of pH and Nitrogen Application on the Growth and Yield of Soybean Cultivars
Yong-Tae An ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 33, issue 2, 1988, Pages 103~111
This study was carried out with two cultivars under two levels of pH and four levels of nitrogen fertilization in a field and nutri-culture experiments to obtain the information about the effects of pH and nitrogen fertilization on the growth and yield of soybean. Acidic condition suppressed the growth of soybean plants, and thus yield and yield components of soybean decreased under acidic condition. But they increased with increased nitrogen fertilization. Especially, these respones were more remarkable under acidic condition and in the variety Jangbaegkong. Grain yield of soybean were highly correlated with the content of allantoin and total nitrogen of soybean plants in the variety Jangbaegkong, but this was not in the variety Danyeobkong. The content of protein and fat of soybean seeds decreased under acidic condition, and more nitrogen fertilization increased the protein content, but decreased the fat content.
Morphological Characteristics of Seed Coat and Enzyme Activity of Aleurone Layers in Soybeans
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 33, issue 2, 1988, Pages 112~121
Soybean seed coat consisted of three layers, and the aleurone layer was attached to the innermost part of seed coat. It showed the different morphological characteristics with single cell layer compared with many cell layers in barley aleurone layer. The structural difference in aleurone cell among varieties was not detected in this experiment. The hole of middle part of hilum consisted of net formed material in order to pass water and gas. In the experiment, it was not studied whether the varieties with hard seed consist of the same structure or not, but the detailed study on this would be necessary. The activity of acid phosphatase showed a tendency to increase in process of imbibition in distilled water. There was no significant difference in the enzyme activity among the varieties tested, but the enzyme activity of Danyoupkong was slightly higher than that of Hwanggeumkong. In germinability, Danyoupkong is higher than Hwangkeumkong, so it might be attributed to the higher activity. There was no difference in acid phosphatase activity between released from the aleurone cell and accumulated in the aleurone cell from 6 to 12 hours incubation of the medium in the absence of GA
, but the difference was detected after 12 hours incubation. And enzyme activity was the highest in the 18 hours incubation. The increase in the release of acid phosphatase from the aleurone cell would be considered as passive diffusive effect due to the increase in turgo pressure of aleurone cell. The acid phosphatase released from aleurone layer increased greatly after 24 hours incubation of the medium in the presence of GA
and the accumulation within the aleurone cell decreased linearly after 18 hours incubation. The result indicates that GA
enhance the rate of enzyme release from aleurone layer, suggests that the aleurone cell wall be digested by the introduction of GA and the digested wall act as the channels for enzyme release.
Electrophoresis Techniques for Identification of Callus Induced from Pinella ternata (Thunb.) Breit 1. Analysis of protein and Enzymes of Callus Induced from Pinella ternata (Thunb.) Breit
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 33, issue 2, 1988, Pages 122~125
A comparative electrophoretic study on protein and several important enzymes of calli induced from stem, intercostal area and minor vein area were conducted in Pinella ternata (Thunb.) Breit. Soluble protein band patterns of calli induced from stem, intercostal area and minor vein area were distinctly different from those of the corresponding plant parts. Esterase isozyme patterns of calli induced from stem, intercostal area and minor vein area were different from those of the corresponding plant parts. Glutamate oxalo-acetate transaminase isozyme patterns of calli grown for 4 weeks induced from 3 plant parts were similar to those of the corresponding plant parts. But a high molecular weight isozyme band appeared in the calli grown for 8 weeks. Alow molecular weight isozyme band disappeared on the peroxidase isozyme patterns of calli grown for 4 weeks appeared on those of the corresponding plant parts.
Effects of Harvesting Time on Seed Yield, Seed Germination and Seedling Growth of Rye (Secale cereale L.)
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 33, issue 2, 1988, Pages 126~133
To know the optimum harvest time for seed yield and seed quality a local variety of rye 'Paldang-homil'was harvested at seven different harvest times from 25 to 55 day after heading (DAH) at five-day intervals in 1984 ani 1986. Seed development, seed germination and seedling growth were observed. The l000-grain weight increased as harvest time delayed until 50 DAH in both years. Although grain yield tended to increase with delay of harvest time, the yield differences between succeding harvest time was highest between 40 DAH and 45 DAH. Germination rate of seeds harvested before 30 DAH were lower than those after 35 DAH at 20 C, but at 10 and 30 C before 35 DAH were lower after 40 DAH. Plant height and dry weight of seedlings increased with delay of harvest time up to 45 DAH in pot. Heading stages were similar among the seeds harvested 40-55 DAH. Culm length was not different among the harvest times. The optimum harvest time for seed production of rye seems to be 45 DAH (38 days after flowering).
Changes in Contents of Ginsenosides, Free Sugars and Fatty Acids in Developing Ginseng Seed
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 33, issue 2, 1988, Pages 134~137
Sizes of ginseng seeds and contents of ginsenosides, free sugars and fatty acids in the seeds were investigated at different dates after flowering of 4 year old ginseng to get basic information used for determining harvest . time of ginseng seed. The sizes of seeds were maximum about 35 days after flowering(DAF), while those of endosperms reached maximum at 50 DAF. At 65 DAF seeds with intact pulp weighed most heavy. The amounts of total saponin and ginsenosides were decreased with time after flowering. Contents of free sugars such as glucose, maltose and fructose were decreased continously after flowering. Amount of palmic acid was decreased, .but those of oleic, linoleic and stearic acids were increased with time after flowering.
Effects of Different Planting Methods on CMS Seed Production in Rice
Mun-Hue Heu ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 33, issue 2, 1988, Pages 138~145
The effect of directions (north to south vs east to west) of planting row, planting intensities (10/15, 15/15, 20/15, 25/15 cm/cm) and the number of rows consecutively (1,2, 3,4) for both the CMS and pollen parent in alternation, on the seed yield of CMS of rice was tested with a breeding line V20A/Iri342
*8/. When the planting row was made in vertical direction to the wind direction during anthesis, the seed yield was higher than the other direction regardless the planting densities and number of rows consecutive. Seed yield increased as high as 46.9%. The higher planting intensities up to 10/15 cm/cm yielded the higher hybrid seeds. The highest yield was 81.2 kg/ha. The yield variation among plants within a plot and among the plants within a replication was relatively large. Increased pollen parent row numbers caused increased grain fertility per plant, but the seed yield was increased by reduced pollen parent row number. Reduced CMS parental row numbers caused increased grain fertility per plant, but the seed yield was increased by increased CMS parental row numbers. Considering the hybrid seed yield, parental seed yield and operational convenience, 4 rows of CMS and 1 row of pollen parent in alternate with 20/15 or 25/15 (cm/cm) planting densities seemed to be the rational layout.
Effects of Seeding Rates on the Endosperm Depletion and Seedling Growth of Rice for Mechine Transplanting
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 33, issue 2, 1988, Pages 146~156
This study was carried out to investigate the change of endosperm substance and seedling growth in rice seedlings for machine transplanting with use of two rice varieties, which Samgangbyeo (Indica
Japonica) and Dogjinbyeo (Japonica) were sown on May 8 with five levels of seeding density. 1. The total dry matter weight, leaf area, length of the longest root, number and length of new roots were negatively correlated with seeding density, and the plant height had the similar tendency to them from 20 days after sowing(DAS). 2. The rooting ability was negatively correlated with seeding density and decreased from 35 DAS in Dongjinbyeo. 3. The endosperm substance were exhausted at 25 to 30 DAS in Samgangbyeo and at 25 DAS in Dongjinbyeo. 4. The leaf area was more useful than the ratio of plant height to dry matter weight for judging the constitution of seedlings. 5. The reducing sugar contents in the endosperm were the greatest among parts of rice seedlings followed by leaf and root. The contents in leaf, root and endosperm reached maximal at 10 DAS, and varied with plant parts, seedling growth and varieties in different levels of seeding density. 6. The protein contents in leaf and root of rice seedlings became decreased with seedling growth., and were minimal values at 15 DAS. The content in endosperm was decreased soon after seeding, and minimal at 4 DAS with showing some fluctuation of protein content after then.
Influence of Plant Age and Cultural Altitude on Cone Yield in Hop(Humulus lupulus L.)
;Shin-Han Kwon;Dong-Woo Lee;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 33, issue 2, 1988, Pages 157~160
This studies were conducted to obtain the basic information for the influencial plant age and cultural altitude in change of hop cone yield in Hoeongseong, Korea. The fresh cone yields per 10a were increased by the increase of plant age showing 181.0 kg in 1-year-old, 516.0 kg in 2-year-old, 670.0 kg in 3-year-old, 726.4 kg in 4-year-old and 761.0 kg in 5-year-old. The productivity of fresh cone at each plant age was significantly different from 1 age to 3 age but the productivity over 4-year-old hop plant was not significantly different. In the average hop cone yields, yearly variation was significant, but the yields among the altitudes studied were not significantly different.
Studies on Varietal Differences in Growth, Nodulation and Nitrogen Fixation in Soybeans, Glycine max (L.) Merrill. III. Relationships between Nitrogen Fixation Activity and Nitrogen Content of Plant Organs during Grain Filling Period
Rae-Kyung Park ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 33, issue 2, 1988, Pages 161~168
Five soybean varieties of two early maturing ; Karikei 73 and ss 79168, and three late maturing ; Tohoku 76, Baegunkong and Jangbaegkong were used and evaluated in the study. Of the varieties examined, Karikei 73 was characterized by the delayed leaf senescence. To investigate the periodical trends of nitrogen in plant organs and their roles to the nitrogen fixing activity of root nodules, the concentrations of nitrogen in plant organs during the grain filling period were measured. High positive correlation was recognized between the amount of nitrogen in plant parts and p-ARA, suggesting the higher the activity of nitrogen fixation the greater the amount of nitrogen in plant. But the relationship between the concentration of nitrogen in plant and s-ARA was positive at R4. but negative at R6. This was inferred that the high concentration of nitrogen at R4 gave accelerating effects on s-ARA by increasing the activity of photosynthesis in leaf-blades, while the reduced activity of photosynthesis in leaf-blades at R6 resulted in continued degradation of nitrogenous compounds in plant, and then high concentration of nitrogen in plants brought reduced supply of sugars to nodules.
Comparison of Agronomic Character and Yield as Affected by Seeding Dates of Flax, Linum usitatissimum L.
Jung-Il Lee ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 33, issue 2, 1988, Pages 169~173
In order to find out the optimum seeding date of flax. this study was investigated ecological characters, yield components and yield of five varieties(Wiera, Taijungsun ＃
, Storment Goss, CI 1763, 99403-Fiber). As seeding date was delayed, the maturing date was delayed also and stem length was longest in March 10 seeding but it grew short in the late seeding. Oil content was increased most in March 10 seeding, that is, increased to 34% in Taijungsun ＃
, 32% in storment Goss, 30% in Wiera and 26% in 99403-Fiber, and it was decreased in the late seeding. Stem yield and seed yield were heaviest in March 10 seeding, and it was light in the late seeding, Judging from the results reported above. in optimum seeding date of flax seemed to be before the March 10.
Growth and Dry Matter Accumulation in Different Ecotypes of Soybeans (Glycine max. L.)
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 33, issue 2, 1988, Pages 174~181
A comparison was made the differences of growth and some yield components of two soybean ecotypes (summer and two autumn types) at different planting dates (15 April, 15 May, and 15 June) and also made the different patterns of dry matter accumulation of one summer type and two autumn types of soybeans at Agricultural Experiment Farm, College of Agriculture, Dankook University, Cheonan City, in 1987. [Planting date experiment] Days to emergence of four varieties were observed no difference. and, therefore, it was speculated that field observation of the difference of cold tolerence between varieties was difficult. Shortening rate of flowering clays as planting dates delayed was no different between two ecotypes, summer vs. autumn types of soybean. Summer types, DN82029-3 and ES18085-1, were observed not greater difference of days to maturity between early and late planting dates as compared with that of autumn types, Changyeobkong and Paldalkong. At late planting, summer types were observed more to hasten days to ripening due to high temperature in late growing season than that of autumn types. This caused to decrease somewhat greater rate of some yield componments, and finally yield as planting date delayed. As compared to autumn types, summer types, DN82029-3 and ES18085-1 showed longer stem height and lower airdry weight at late planting. [Dry matter accumulation pattern] Stem elongation after flowering of three varieties, DN82029-3, Changyeobkong and Danyeobkong, ranged 17 to 32 cm and increment of leaf area index 0.83-1.53. DN82029-3 reached 49 days faster in maximum total dry weight than that of autumn types, Changyeobkong and Danyeobkong. However. maximum total dry weight of DN82029-3 showed 50% to autumn types. At 15 May planting, summer type, day-neutrality, transfered faster into reproductive growth phase without enough growth of vegetative growth and also hastened ripening days, and thus lower dry matter accumulation and finally lower yield.
Effects of Date and Degrees of Defoliation on Seed Yield and Fatty Acid Composition of Perilla(Perilla ocymoids L.)
Zhin-Ryong Choe ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 33, issue 2, 1988, Pages 182~188
In order to find out the effects of the time and degree of defoliation on the seed yield, oil content and fatty acid composition of perilla seed, two cultivars, Namhae and Geumnung, were grown in two years, 1985 and 1987. Defoliation was initiated after 110 days from sowing with two-week interval. Defoliation degree was manipulated into four levels i.e. 0, 25, 50 and 75 per cent based on the total leaf area per plant. The results are summarized as follows: Flowering date, maturing date, culm length, culm diameter and branch numbers were not significantly influenced by the defoliation time and degrees, but by the cultivars. The higher levels of defoliation was made, the lower seed yield and 1000-seed were obtained, and either the earlier or the later time of defoliation, the less influence on seed yield were observed for both cultivars. Severe defoliation caused a significant decrease in oil content. The composition of unsaturated and saturated fatty acids was significantly decreased by severe defoliation (above 25 per cent). In conclusion, with a view to achieving higher seed yield and oil content with good quality, it is advisable to defoliate perilla leaf less than 25 per cent based on total leaf area at either or later growth stages.
Effects of Flooding Treatment on Physiological Characteristics of Rice Cultivars
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 33, issue 2, 1988, Pages 189~194
To clarify the varietal differences of resistance to complete flooding, physiological characteristics in relation to flooding resistance in each growth stage of rice plants, the present study was carried out. The rate of survival after flooding at seeding stage of rice plants of the cultivar 'FR 13A' and Ind. X Jap. cultivars were 91.8% and 33.8% to 40%, respectively, while the Japonica varieties were completely dead. The tolerant varieties which has higher rate of survival showed the higher
release, the higher catalase activity and lower peroxidase activity according to flooding treatment. Japonica type varieties showed the higher elongation of plant during flooding, lower recovery of flooding damage and the abrupt decrease of yield according to the increase of flooding periods in comparision to Ind. X Jap. crossed varieties when they were flooded at the active tillering stage. When rice plants were flooded at the booting stage, Ind. X Jap. crossed varieties had the higher photosynthesis, respiratory rate, root oxidizing power, ethylene evolution and lower yield reduction in comparision to japonica varieties.varieties.
Flooding Injury of Rice Plant according to Growing Stages and Yield Compensating Ability by Uppernode Tillering
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 33, issue 2, 1988, Pages 195~200
This experiment was carried out to evaluate the flooding injury and yield compensating ability by uppernode tillers formed during the recovery periods. Rice plants grown in experimental field transplanted on 1st, June were completely flooded for 3 days by the artificial flooding device in each different growth stage such as middle tillering stage (20 days after transplanting), young panicle formation stage, meiotic stage and heading stage. And the farmer's rice fields which had various transplanting dates were completely flooded for 3 days by typhoon 'Thelma' from 16th to 18th, July, 1987. Percent of dead leaves and yield reduction of rice in experimental field flooded at the different growth stages were resulted that the earlier growth stages were the lower damage because of the low temperature in the earlier growth stage, but it showed opposite tendency in farmer's rice field flooded in high temperature season by typhoon 'Thelma'. Rice yield compensating ability attained to 66% of check plot yield was greatly depend on uppernode panicles induced after damage of original young panicles. Uppernode panicle produced 236 kg per 10a in polished rice by securing 690
of accumulated mean temperature and 210 hours of sunshine during the ripening periods when headed up to 15th of September.
Eco-physiological Characteristics of Rice Leaves and Wind Damage by Typhoon
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 33, issue 2, 1988, Pages 201~204
To find out the relationship between the eco-physiological characteristics and wind damage of rice leaves by typhoon 'Thelma' occurred at young panicle formation stage of rice plant, the study was carried out. The rate of dead leaves by wind damage in Indica X Japonica varieties were higher than that in Jap. varieties. Ind. X Jap. varieties which had erect and broader leaves had the higher number of silicified cell, moisture loss and stomatal aperture in leaves. And the wind damage were positvely correlated with the characteristics such as the number of silicified cell (r=0.7546
*/), rate of moisture loss (r=0.8343
**/) and stomatal aperture (r=0.8460
**/) of rice leaf blade etc.