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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Crop Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Crop Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 33, Issue s01 - Dec 1988
Volume 33, Issue 4 - Dec 1988
Volume 33, Issue 3 - Sep 1988
Volume 33, Issue 2 - Jun 1988
Volume 33, Issue 1 - Mar 1988
Selecting the target year
Research Status and Prospects in Rice Quality
Rae-Kyung Park ; Soo-Yeon Cho ; Je-Cheon Chae ; Kwang-Ho Kim ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 33, issue s01, 1988, Pages 1~17
Rice Quality is considered to the five catagories ; the nutritional value: the characteristics of cooking. eating and processing: grain size, shape and appearance : milling yields: and storage characteristics. Because most rice is processed and consumed in whole-kernel form. the cooking and eating quality is of important and the physical properties of the intact kernel such as size, shape and general appearance are of particular significance in determining marketing quality. Eating Quality which can be directly evaluated by consumer's panel test is so complicate and variable, and thus the objective and simplified method of evaluation is required of using appropriate instruments. Even though many researches have been done to evaluate the eating quality in various aspects such as the texture of cooked rice kernels, amylogram analysis of rice powder, amylose content. gelatinization temperature. moisture absorption of rice kernel, and cooking characteristics, none of them is satisfied for the evaluation of eating quality. The improving eating quality should be also considered to many cultural factors. such as varieties, climatic and soil conditions, cultural method, handling after harvest. milling and storage conditions. In Korea, many researches in grain size. shape and appearance, and eating quality have been done with the varietal improvement mainly by rice breeders, but no effective method of evaluation was established. A few research have been done in the relationship between rice quality and cultural factors. In the future, research in rice quality should emphasize to establish the standard evaluation method in the physicochemical properties of rice kernels for application of varietal selection. and to develop cultural practices for the preserving quality characteristics of the varieties.
Special References on Status and Prospects of Seed Quality Researches in Wheat and Barley
Chang-Hwan Cho ; Byong-Hee Hong ; Eun-Sup Lee ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 33, issue s01, 1988, Pages 18~38
The purpose of this report is to suggest researchers the future directions for studing barley and wheat quality by reviewing the researches that have been reported on the qualities of them until now as well as by discussing the future prospects in it; to summarize 196 reports, however, is so difficult in many respects that some of them were refered in this review, and only the subjects of all the reports were listed in the reference instead.
Perspectives of Breeding for High Protein Quantity and High Protein Quality of Soybeans
Rae-Kyung Park ; Eun-Hui Hong ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 33, issue s01, 1988, Pages 39~47
Soybean grain is most widely used and soybean crop produces most high protein per area among crops. To meet rapid increase of human population and supply protein in safety. soybean has considered more and more important crop. And it has been emphasizing that high quality and high protein soybean breeding must be made efforts in future. Many papers related to soybean breeding for high quality and protein and soybean protein composition have suggested the problems to do in future. Soybean germplasm collection. classification and conservation should be continuously performed, and it is emphasized that wild type of soybeans (G. soja) be considered to use in breeding for high protein varieties. Selections would be better emphasized in first yield and therefore high yield of protein per area. Selection for high protein would be secondary criterion. High protein lines with high yielding potential could be selection from certain populations, and breeders should consider this phenomenon in procedure of selection. Heritability of protein percent is relatively high and genetic gain of increment of protein percent is large. Soybean protein which is comprised 70 to 90% of globulin is constituted mostly 11S and 7S proteins. Sulfur-containing amino acids, methionine and cysteine, are identified to contain more in 11S protein than 7S protein. High 11S germplasm should be desirable to use in crossing plan, and selection of high ratio of 11S/7S lines be better in development of high quality varieties.
Review of the Studies on the Qualities in Peanuts
Jung-Il Lee ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 33, issue s01, 1988, Pages 64~85
Peanut seeds are characterized by high oils and proteins with good quality, and are utilized as an edible oil source and a protein-rich food products. The end products, being peanut butter, salted seed, confections, roasting stock and other by-products are favored in world-wide because of their unique roasted peanut flavor. As with many other foods, interest in the composition and chemistry of peanut is largely a result of thier use as human food. Thus, a more complete knowledge of thier chemical and food quality and flavor properties is desired. Literatures are reviewed mainly focucing on the physicochemical properties and nutritional quality of oil, protein and flavor in peanuts. Chemical properties of protein and oil, and volatile flavor component in peanut seeds are studied extensively in view point of chemical and food nutritional value. But in crop base, the synthesis and genetic studies of the chemicals could not provide valuable informations on the breeding for quality improvement. Some essential amino acids are limiting in peanut seeds and the tocopherols are very important in oil stability and for dietary adequacy ratio in high linoleic acid peanut oil, but it is thought to be quite difficult to improve by breeding technique as their lack information of gene actions. However, the selections of high protein and oil, and some essential amino acids and linoleic acid rich genotypes could be helpful for the quality improving. Research studies are also needed to elucidate the relationships between flavor components and consumer perception of peanut flavor.
Current Status and Perspectives of Quality Improvement in Sesame
Rae-Kyung Park ; Jung-Il Lee ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 33, issue s01, 1988, Pages 86~97
Sesame(Sesamum indicum L.) is probably the most ancient oilseed crop known in the world. The seed of sesame is used in a variety of ways as food. The whole seed may be eaten raw, either roasted or parched, or fed to birds and stock. Sesame oil is used as a salad or cooking oil, in shortening, margarine and in the manufacture of soap. Minor uses are as a fixative in the perfume industry and formerly as a carrier for fatsoluble substances in pharmaceuticals such as penicillin. One of the minor constituents of sesame oil, sesamin, is used for its synergistic effect in pyrethrin insecticides, in addition of a small quantity of this substance markedly increases the effectiveness of fly sprays. The meal remaining after oil extraction can be used as and animal feed-stuff or as manure. In general sesame meal is considered to be equal to cottonseed or soybean meal as a protein supplement for livestock and poultry. It is especially high in certain amino-acids such as methionine, which is low in soybean meal, and thus can be combined with it or similar meal to form a more balanced ration. An attempt to summarize the literature review on quality improvement of sesame was made to discuss the accomplishments of the past and perspectives in the future. The reviews on quality improvement of sesame were mainly discussed in connection with the cultural practices and genetic informations in current status. The emphasis focussed on environmental variation of quality in cultural practices, such as harvest time, variety by location, climatic condition, fertilizer application, and growth regulator treatment. On the genetic variation of quality, it was discussed on variety background, mutation breeding, correlations, and inheritance of quality related characteristics. It also was discussed on relationship between quality and plant traits, storage condition or period, and seed coat color. Moreover, current research status were reviewed on some minor elements such as sesamin, oxalic acid, and trypsin inhibitor. As a results of the review, the lack of an effort to quality improvement in each utilization area was indicated as a problem area. More active efforts for the improvement of quality were also insufficient to incorporate the available genes for quality in breeding method or collection and analysis of breeding materials. Therefore, researches in the future would be recommended to emphasize on these problem areas.
Status and Prospects of Seed Quality in Researches in Rapeseed
Jung-Il Lee ; ; Kwang-He Kang ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 33, issue s01, 1988, Pages 98~114
This study was conducted to investigate the status and prospects of seed quality researches in rapeseed. Rapeseed Quality was mainly related to oil and protein content, fatty acid composition and glucosinolate content. Hence, breeding for improvement of rapeseed Quality has been emphasized as follows: 1) inheritance mode, 2) investigation of germplasm, 3) establishment of analysis technique, 4) establishment of selection method, 5) idealization of cultural technique. The oil quality is determined by its fatty acids. Fatty acids have been determined by gas chromatography. To improve oil quality was emphasized for zero erucic acid, the highest possible linoleic acid and the lowest possible linolenic acid content. Rapeseed meal is not considered as top quality feed ingredient although it has higher protein content and well-balanced amino acid composition. This is mainly because of the presence of considerable amounts of glucosinolates. Thus the reduction of glucosinolate content in rapeseed meal is of great importance. In breeding for meal quality, low glucosinolate lines (plants) were selected and analyzed by gas chromatography and UV-spectrophotometer. Current problems and future researches of rapeseed quality in Korea are 1) improvement of researcher's number and facilities, 2) depression of animal feeding trials, 3) unsatisfied relationship between research and manufacturing and products field, 4) improvement of fertility for yellow and thin seed coat lines crossed between mustard and rapeseed, 5) establishment of new rapid analysing system for rapeseed quality.
Status of Research on Ginseng Quality and its Problem
Kwang-Tae Choi ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 33, issue s01, 1988, Pages 115~123
Ginseng has been used as a medicinal herb in the world for more than two thousand years. Inspection of the quality of ginseng was made since many hundred years ago. Ginseng quality has been graded by several methodes, based on saponin contents, number of ginsenosides, shape of root and tissue elaborateness. In present. ginseng products are usually evaluated by saponin contents and number of ginsenosides. On the other hand, fresh and manufactured ginseng roots such as red. white and semi-red ginseng, Taegeuk Sam, are mostly graded by root shape such as root development and skin (epidermis) color, and tissue elaborateness. which is a conventional grading method. However, the root shape grading method has a risk of overlooking real medicinal properties of ginseng. So. both the medicinal ingredients and the conventional grading method should be considered for the proper evaluation of ginseng quality. Therefore, for the establishment of better method in evaluating ginseng quality, the relationships of root shape and useful components are required to be studied.
Problems and Prospects of Tobacco Quality Evaluation
Yu-Sun Ban ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 33, issue s01, 1988, Pages 124~138
This paper comprised a review of published literature dealing with the evaluation of tobacco quality and usability. Evaluation of tobacco quality and usability seems to be difficult not only due to our inability to define them in simple and easily measurable term but also due to their relations to the profitability of tobacco companies and safety of comsumers. Chemical constituents and smoking taste and aroma of the tobacco represent the underlying basis for tobacco quality: however, tobacco is still purchased upon its physical appearance. Grade and value system is very convenient for evaluating the tobacco quality, if the system is based on the triangular relationship of physical appearance, chemical and smoking properties of tobacco, and also based on intrinsic quality of the tobacco independent of external influences. Grade and value system for tobacco in Korea is thought to be influenced by external factors besides intrinsic quality. Therefore, we have to concern new systems that could be supplement to, or replacement for currently available grade and value system.