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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Journal of Crop Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Crop Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 34, Issue s02 - Dec 1989
Volume 34, Issue 4 - Dec 1989
Volume 34, Issue 3 - Sep 1989
Volume 34, Issue s01 - Jun 1989
Volume 34, Issue 2 - Jun 1989
Volume 34, Issue 1 - Mar 1989
Selecting the target year
Effect of Plant Growth Regulator(TIBA, ABA, DGLP) Treatment on Growth and Seed Yield of Soybean (Glycine max L.)
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 34, issue 1, 1989, Pages 1~6
Three growth regulators, TIBA (2. 3. 5-Triiodobenzoic acid). ABA(Abscisic acid) and DGLP were sprayed on soybean plants sown on April 25 and May 10 to investigate those effect on growth and yield of Hwangkeumkong cultivar. TIBA or ABA reduced stem length. and lodging. however. increased stem diamater podding rate. number of pods and seeds per plant, and seed yield. Among 3 growth regulators TIBA was most effective to healthy growth and to increase of seed yield. Optimum treatment method for healthy plant growth and higher grain yield was 2-3 times spray with 5-day interval from 6 leaf stage (V6) of soybean plants. Soybean seed yield in the plot of TIBA treatment with 3 times from 6 leaf stage was 20% higher both in early and ordinary seeding field than those of non-treatment plots.
Changes in Abscisic Acid and Gibberellin Levels during Stratification in Panax ginseng Roots
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 34, issue 1, 1989, Pages 7~13
The present study was carried out to get the basic information for clarifying physiological mechanism of breaking dormancy and sprouting in Panax ginseng roots. Changes in Abscisic acid (ABA) content and Gibberellin (GA) activity were investigated in one-year-old root during stratification at 4
. and 15
after 60day-treatment at 4
. Sprouting rate at 15
was 35％ in 30days storage at 4
and 100％ in longer than 60days, but there was no sprout in both the constant treatment at 4
regardless of the treatment period. The longer the period of low temperature treatment. number of days to the first and 50％ sprouting was shortened, and number of days to 50％ from first sprouting was also shortened. ABA content in the upper part of root(contained bud) was gradually increased at both 4
as the treatment period was extended. and the degree of increase was higher at 15
. In the lower part. it showed a slight increase at 15
. while showed little change at 4
throughout the treatment period. In the 15
treatment after 60days at 4
, it was greatly increased in the upper part. while rather slightly decreased in the lower part of root. GA activity in the upper part was gradually decreased at both 4
, and the degree of decrease was higher at 15
. In the lower part. it was similar tendency to those in the upper part. In the 15
treatment after 60days at 4
. it was remarkably increased in both the upper and lower part. The increase was great in the low Rf region, while the decrease appeared relatively in the high Rf region compared to those of 60day-treatment at 4
. The above results indicated that the breaking dormancy and sprouting of bud were closely associated with the degree of GA activities in response to temperature condition .during stratification rather than the direct effect associated with the changes in ABA content.
Studies on Varietal Resistance to Sheath Blight Disease in Rice IV. Varietal Difference in Disease Severity and Grain Yield Loss
Kwang-Ho Kim ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 34, issue 1, 1989, Pages 14~22
Rice varieties showing different degree of resistance were compared with their yield losses due to the damage of sheath blight disease in field condition through 1985 to 1986. Gayabyeo showed the lowest value of disease severity among 5 varieties tested in 1985 and 8 in 1986. and Taebaekbyeo, Kwanakbyeo and Labelle showed higher value of disease severity under the condition of artificial or natural disease inoculation. Grain yield of Gayabyeo, a moderate resistant rice variety, was reduced by 0.3 to 5％ in the rate due to sheath blight disease damage and Taebaekbyeo. a susceptible variety. showed the highest in the rate of yield loss, 6.8 to 25.8 ％. The matured grain rate and 1000-grain weight of the matured tiller were decreased when the developing disease lesion reached to the flag leaf, and then panicle weight was decreased more than 25 ％ compared with panicle of healthy culm. In conclusion, Gayabyeo showed the lower rate of yield loss because of slow development of disease to the upper leaves after initial disease occurence on the lower parts of rice plants.
The Maize with Multiple Ears and Tillers (MET) III. Developmental Habit and Morphology of the Tillers
Choe, Bong-Bo ; Lee, Hee-Bong ; Lee, Won-Koo ; Kang, Kwon-Kyoo ; Jong, Seung-Keun ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 34, issue 1, 1989, Pages 23~29
In order to investigate developmental habit and morphology of maize tillers, time and location of tiller development. number of tillers per plant, tiller angle, height and diameter of tillers and root systems of tillers were examined under field condition for maize with tillers. Materials used were mostly from Korean local lines and a few lines from other countries were also included for comparison. The time of the first tiller development was about 18 to 20 days after emergence when planted on May in Yusong. The second tiller appeared about 4 to 5 days after the first tiller appeared. The tiller number per plant varied with lines and hybrids and ranged from two to ten. The location of tiller development was usually basal nodes of the main stem. Each tiller appeared to have its own root system. The angle between tillers and main stem was variable depending upon the maizes and the tiller angle could be classified into three categories. The height of tillers was also variable and seemed to be under genetic control. The most productive tillers were found among the Korean local derivatives.
Corn-Based Forage Cropping Systems in Rice Black-Streaked Dwarf Virus Prevalent Area
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 34, issue 1, 1989, Pages 30~39
Forage productivity of cropping systems of rye - silage corn, silage corn - oats, silage corn - rape was studied in the south-eastern part of Korea where rice black-streaked dwarf virus(RBSDV) infection of corn are severe. Rye(cv. Paldanghomil) was planted on Oct. 20 of 1986 and harvested 10 times from April 5 to May 5 at the 5-day intervals in 1987, corn (cv. Suweon 19 and Jinjuok) was planted 5 times from April 5 to May 15 at the 10-day intervals in 1987, and oats(cv. Megwiri) and rape (cv. Velox) were planted 4 times from Sept: 4 to 25 at the 7-day intervals and harvested 4 times from Nov. 10 to Dec. 10 at the 10-day intervals in 1987. Considering yield, nutrition value, and in vitro dry matter digestibility (IVDMD), forage productivity of the cropping systems was compared. As harvesting time of rye delayed, plant height, dry matter(DM) yield, percent DM, crude fiber, and digestible DM yield increased, but crude protein, crude fat, and IVDMD decreased. However, nitrogen free extract was not different among the harvesting dates. As planting date of corn delayed, RBSDV infection rate increased. but DM yield of silage decreased. However, silage yield of Jinjuok was higher, but RBSDV infection rate was lower compared with Suweon 19 at all planting dates. DM yield of oats and rape decreased as planting date delayed. However, at Sept. 4 and 11 plantings yield of oats on Nov. 10 was much lower than that of rape, but the differences in yield between two crops decreased with delayed harvesting, and yield was similar on Dec. 10. A cropping system harvesting rye around April 20 and followed by planting corn in late April was best among the rye-corn systems considering yield and nutrition value of both crops. However, among the corn-oats or corn-rape cropping systems early April planting of corn and followed by early Sept. planting of oats or rape showed best results with similar yield potential of the best rye-corn cropping system.
The Relation of Environmental Factors to the Quality and Chemical Constituents of Oriental Tobaccos III. Quality and Chemical Properties as affected by Light Intensity and Temperature
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 34, issue 1, 1989, Pages 40~47
To elucidate the relationship of the Quality of aromatic tobacco to their chemical constituents, certain chemical components and leaf Quality by price were compared among leaves produced, 1) under 4 different light intensities during maturing stage in field, 2) under 4 different temperature of 20
and control of l8-22-28
in phytotron. As the light intensity decreased chlorophyll content of harvested leaves increased, but specific leaf weight and Quality of cured leaves lowered. The content of sugar. pet. ether exts. and volatile organic acids decreased, but total nitrogen, nicotine, ash and pH increased as the .light intensity decreased. As the growth temperature increased days to flower was shortened and the growth was decreased without significant difference in leaf Quality. With higher growth temperature the content of nitrogen, ash and pH increased, but sugar decreased with no difference in pet. ether exts., volatile organic acids and volatile neutral content. Several Quality indices were disscussed for the Quality evaluation of aromatic leaves for two groups, respectively.
Growth and Yield of Introduced Alfalfa(Medicago sativa L.) Cultivars in Korea
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 34, issue 1, 1989, Pages 48~54
This study was conducted to select the best adapted alfalfa cultivars among 32 introduced alfalfa cultivars in the Korean environmental condition. Plant height and dry matter yield per cultivar were determined. On the point of plant height, seven high ranked cultivars among the 32 alfalfa cultivars in high order were Diamond> Milkmaker> Arrow>Chalienger>Sapphire > Dekalb brand 135> LS-1920. and seven low ranked cultivars in low order were Pioneer brand 5929> Maxidor> Dekalb brand 167> Pierce> Blazer> Raidor> Pioneer brand 532. Seven high ranked cultivars from 32 alfalfa cultivars on the dry matter yield in high order were Pike>LS-1920>Challenger>Salute>Diamond>Decathlon>Pioneer brand 581, and seven low ranked cultivars in low order were Maxidor>Pioneer brand 5929>Pioneer brand 532>Florida 77> Pierce> Magnum> Blazer. Dry matter yield per cultivar was also greater when alfalfa cultivar was appeared higher plant height compared with those which were lower plant height. Leading cultivars for plant growth and yield under the Korean environmental condition were Pike, LS-1920, Challenger, Salute, Diamond among the 32 alfalfa cultivars. All those cultivars except Challenger cultivar are Semi-dormant which can be well grown under moderate temperatures.
Effect of Sodium Methyl Arsenate as a Male Gametocide on Rice (Oryza sativa L.)
Rae-Kyung Park ; Soo-Yeon Cho ; Soo-Yeon Cho ; Huhn-Pal Moon ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 34, issue 1, 1989, Pages 55~59
Sodium methyl arsenate has been evaluated as a male sterilizing agent for the system of producing hybrid rice seeds. The compound was the most effective at the concentration of 0.02％. When applied as a foliar spray to four rice varieties at 15 days before heading, sodium methyl arsenate has produced 99％ male sterility. But the most effective time for application of the compound was 5 days before heading because of its phytotoxic effects. Effective application volume of the compound solution has depended on the growth of the plants treated. Varietal difference on the activity of the compound has been detected.
Optimization of Cultivational Conditions of Rice(Oryza sativa L.) by a Central Composite Design Applied to an Early Cultivar in Southern Region
Zhin-Ryong Choe ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 34, issue 1, 1989, Pages 60~73
Two field experiments were carried out to assess the applicability of a central composite design (CCD) in determining optimum culture condition of an early rice cultivar, Unbongbyeo in southern Korea. A central composite design with two replicates was applied to five levels of five factors such as the number of hills per 3.3m2, the number of seedlings per hill, the levels of nitrogen, the transplanting date and the seedling age (Experiment 1). The levels of planting density were ranged from 30 hills to 150 hills per 3.3m2 ; the number of seedlings per hill from 1 seedling to 9 seedlings per hill; the levels of nitrogen application from 1 kg/l0a to 21 kg/l0a; the transplanting date from June 15 to July 5; the seedling age from 25 days to 45 days. A fractional factorial design was applied to three levels of five factors tested in CCD (Experiment 2). Yield per hill and per unit area were examined and the results obtained from both experiments were compared. The benefits from the central composite design were discussed. Maximum yield of brown rice per unit area was obtained at the combination of the central levels of one of five factors when the other four factors were fixed at central point. Furthermore, brown rice yield per unit area affected by interaction of two factors was maximized at the central point when the remain three factors being fixed at the central level. The responses of five factors to brown rice yield per hill and unit area were found to be a saddle point in both designs. Actual values of the stationary points were 107 hills per 3.3 m2, 4 seedlings per hill, 10 kg nitrogen per l0a, transplanting date of rice on June 26 and 33 days of seedling age in the central composite design. Brown rice yield per unit area at the stationary points were estimated 439 kg/l0a in the central composite design and 442 kg/l0a in the fractional factorial design. Considering the number of experimental treatment combinations, the central composite design was rather convenient in reducing the number of treatment combinations for similar information. It was more convenient for an experimenter to present the results from the central composite design than those from the fractional factorial design. Considering the optimum yields of brown rice per unit area at the stationary points being verified as saddle points in both designs. inter-heterogeneity of each of the factors should be avoided in setting up factors in pursuit of inducing unidirectional response of the factors to yield. Even though both the lower and higher levels in the central composite design being beyond the region of an experimenter's interest. they were considered highly valued in interpretation of the results. Conclusively. the central composite design was found to be more beneficial to optimize culture condition of paddy rice even with several levels of various factors were involved.
Classification of Rice Cultivar Using Two-dimensional Ordination Analysis
Soon-Chul Kim ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 34, issue 1, 1989, Pages 74~80
Twentyseven rice cultivars were compared Quantitatively and classified by 15 agronomic traits. For this, 12 Tongil-type rice cultivars and 15 Japonica-type rice cultivars were transplanted at the experimental farm of the Yeongnam Crop Experiment Station on May 25 in 1987. Jangseongbyeo belonging to Tongil-type had the greatest dissimilarity total among 27 rice cultivars and followed by Chilseongbyeo, Gayabyeo, Hangangchalbyeo, Gihobyeo (Tongil-type) and Sangpoongbyeo (Japonica-type) while cultivars having greatest similarity total were Daecheongbyeo and Yeongsanbyeo and followed by Nagdongbyeo, Sinsunchalbyeo, Gwangmyeongbyeo, Yeongdeogbyeo, Palgongbyeo and Dongjinbyeo that were all belonging to Japonica-type cultivars. CuItivar pairs having the greatest dissimilarity coefficient (50-55％) were combinations of Gayabyeo and Sangpungbyeo, Gihobyeo, or Seonambyeo, combinations of Chilseongbyeo and Jangseongbyeo, Sangpung-byeo, Chucheongbyeo, Gihobyeo or Seonambyeo and combinations of }angseongbyeo and Gwangmyeong-byeo, Sangpungbyeo, Gihobyeo, Daechangbyeo or H waseongbyeo. On the other hand, cultivar pairs having the greatest similarity coefficient (above 85 ％) were combinations of Dongjinbyeo and Sinsunchalbyeo, Daecheongbyeo, Somjinbyeo or Yeongsanbyeo, combination of Sangpungbyeo and Gihobyeo, combinations of Yeongdeogbyeo and Yeongsanbyeo or Palgongbyeo, combination of Gwangmyeongbyeo and Yeongdeogbyeo, Combinations of Nagdongbyeo and Gwangmyeongbyeo, Yeongdeogbyeo, Daecheongbyeo, Hwaseongbyeo or Yeongsanbyeo, combinations of Sinsunchalbyeo and Daecheongbyeo or Yeongsanbyeo, combinations of Somjinbyeo and Daecheongbyeo or Yeongsanbyeo and combination of Daecheongbyeo nd Yeongsanbyeo. Two-dimensional ordination analysis method provided the information on cultivar classification between Japonica-type and Tongil-type cultivars except a few cultivars. Only two cultivars, Joongweonbyeo and Seomjinbyeo were located opposit area that implied Tongil-type cultivar Joongweonbyeo was rather close to Japonica-type while Japonica-type cultivar Seomjinbyeo was rather close to Tongil-type, respectively. Sinsunchalbyeo and Daecheongbyeo, on the other hand, were located on the line between two cultivar groups. The method of two-dimensional ordination analysis concluded as feasible approach to classify cultivars Quantitatively for the practical purpose.
Effects of Pre-sowing Seed Soaking and Planting Depth on Dormancy Breaking and Seedling Emergence of Pearl Millet (Pennisetum americanum(L.) Leeke)
Keun-Yong Park ; Rae-Kyung Park ; Byeong-Han Choi ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 34, issue 1, 1989, Pages 81~85
One of the most important cultural techniques of pearl millet (Pennisetum americanum (L.) Leeke) is to encourage rapid and uniform emergence of seedlings to establish good stand and to let them grow well. Thus the objectives of the study were to investigate the effects of pre-sowing seed soaking and planting depth on dormancy breaking, germination and emergence of the seedlings, and to estimate the optimum planting season of pearl millet in Suwon, Korea. The seeds with dormancy germinated 99 to 100 percent when soaked in the H
1％ solution for 24 hours and rinsed with pure water, but germinated only 38％ and 83％ when soaked in pure water for 24 hours just after harvest and drying, and one month later from the harvest time, respectively. The seeds of Australia inbred line did not germinate at the constant 10
, but germinated at the constant 11
. It also was possible to estimate the optimum planting season by applying minimum temperature 11
for germination. The minimum air temperature reached from late April in Suwon, Korea in regular years but fluctuated from late April to early May in 1986 and 1987. Thus, the safe planting season was mid-May for rapid and uniform germination of pearl millet seed. The optimum depth of planting was 2∼4cm under the optimum soil moisture condition, and 4 to 6 cm under the drier soil moisture condition. Subcoleoptile internode(mesocotyle) length increased according to increased depth of planting. Seedling crown placement also became deeper due to deeper planting of the seeds. The subcoleoptile internode length and seedling crown depth were positively correlated with actual planting depth, indicating that deeper planting would be not good for appropriate adventitious root and tiller development.
Effect of Herbicides on the Survival of Soybean Nodule Bacteria(Rhizobium japonicum) in vitro.
Jeong-Hae Oh ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 34, issue 1, 1989, Pages 86~91
Since most chemicals effect to the non-target organisms, present study was conducted to determine the effects of some herbicides to soybean nodule bacteria(Rhizobium japonicum) in vitro. Selective upland herbicides Alachlor, Linuron, Simazine and nonselective Paraquat were medicated to the YEMA media and survival rate of the bacteria in the medium was measured a week after incubation. Survival of soybean nodule bacteria in the media medicated with recommended concentration 400 ppm of Alachlor and Linuron were decreased significantly by 27.4 ％ and 57.8 ％, respectively. While little effect was observed in Simazine, a marked reduction of survival was observed in 200 ppm of Paraquat. Effects of Alachlor was different with isolates of the nodule bacteria. Isolate I -122 was relatively resistant and I -145 was more sensitive. than other isolates tested. Intermediate K-5 was the most resistant at the recommended dose and the survival dose was drastically reduced with increment of concentration. Nodule formation of the soybean plants was different with the varieties and isolates. The most nodulation was observed in the resistant isolates I -122 and K-S, for which the nodulation might be related with the resistance to the environmental stress factors.
Growth Characteristics of Early Peduncle Developing Plant in Korean Ginseng(Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer)
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 34, issue 1, 1989, Pages 92~97
The study has carried out to investigate the possibility of application of the emerged-peduncle at the 2 year -old plant for ginseng breeding. In the 2 and 3 year-old plant, growth habits of aerial parts of plants that had the inflorescence showed higher vigor in leaf length, number of leaves, rate of fruitage and fertility, and roots yield than those of non-inflorescence. Generally, characteristics such as stem diameter, stem length, leaf length and number of leaves showed highly significant positive-correlation with root weight and fruitage. The trends of characteristics of plant that has inflorescence at the 2 year-old plant was shown one-year faster pattern than the plant that has non-inflorescence. As these results, selection of the plants which have inflorescence at the 2 year-old plant will provide valuable aid for ginseng breeding.
Studies on the Activity of Glutamine Synthetase(GSA) in Wheat Leaves I. Variation of GSA by Different Leaf Position and its Depression Phenomenon after Inflorescence Emerged
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 34, issue 1, 1989, Pages 98~105
The examination to find out how the activity of glutamine synthetase (GSA) develop in each wheat leaves during the growth period was carried out. GSA/g FW/leaf were very low at leaf differentiation stage and increased highly several times by unfolding and development of leaf, and declined deeply with the advance of senescence in each leaves. GSA/g FW/leaf were risen gradually from the every lower leaves to the every upper leaves, in consequence activity level and maximum peak per g fresh weight of 7th-flag leaves were two or three times higher than those at the 1st-4th leaves in all of 12 applied nitrogen treatments, thereupon. the highest activities per g fresh weight showed in the 8th leaves. GSA/g FW/leaf was shown two peaks in the 6th-flag leaves and one peak in 1st-4th leaves, respectively. GSA/g FW/leaf (except for senescence leaves) and GSA/plant were increased gradually to the infloresscence emerging stage and were shown the first maximum peak at 13 days before anthesis, then were declined rapidly. to the milk ripe stage (7 days after anthesis). and were shown the second maximum peak at the early dough ripe stage (22 days after anthesis) .
Varietal Differences of Low Temperature Response at Booting Stage in Rice
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 34, issue 1, 1989, Pages 106~112
To investigate varietal differences of anther size, pollen shape, pollen fertility and other agronomic characters under low temperature condition. twenty rice varieties (5 Tongil and 15 Japonica type) were treated at 19
water temperature from booting to heading stage. There was varietal difference of low temperature response which was indicated by the delayed heading, the shortening of culm and panicle length. and the decrease of grain fertility and yield potential resulted from cooling treatment at booting stage. The varieties with low fertility damaged by the low temperature treatment at booting stage showed low pollen density per anther. small or abnormal anthers and pollen, and many sterile pollens. Anther length was correlated significantly with the number of pollens per anther and pollen fertility.