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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Crop Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Crop Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 35, Issue 6 - Dec 1990
Volume 35, Issue 5 - Oct 1990
Volume 35, Issue 4 - Aug 1990
Volume 35, Issue 3 - Jun 1990
Volume 35, Issue 2 - Apr 1990
Volume 35, Issue 1 - Feb 1990
Selecting the target year
Effects of Pre-sowing Seed Treatment with
and IAA on Flowering and Yield Components in Peanut
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 35, issue 1, 1990, Pages 1~9
This experiment was carried out to understand the effect of pre-sowing seed treatment by GA
and IAA on flowering and characteristics of yield component in peanuts. Peanut seed was treated by soaking in 10, 50, 100ppm of GA
solution, and 50, 100, 200ppm of IAA solution. Treatments of GA
and IAA resulted 7-5 days earlier emergence and 11-17days shorter of the flowering date compared with the untreated control. By soaking treatments with IAA in 100ppm and GA
in 100ppm, accumulated flowers were increased at early growing stage of 30 days after flowering compared with untreated control. By soaking treatments with IAA in 100ppm and GA
in 100ppm, main stem length, branch length and internode of main stem showed to flourish at investigation from early growing stage to 3 days before harvesting.
Variation of Major Characters in Soybean Varieties II. Effects of Day Length
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 35, issue 1, 1990, Pages 10~15
These experiments were conducted to investigate the effect of day length on some chracteristics and seed weight in the soybean cultivars. Those were classified into three type's of seed weight with delaying seeding date in the previous paper. Flowering was delayed as the longer day length was employed. When the length became longer. the number of leaves at flowering greatly length of main stem and the number of nodes at maturity greatly increased. The seed weight decreased when the day length was longer than 14 hours. Negative correlation was obtained between seed weight and day length. There was negative correlation between seed weight and the number of days required to flowering, and length of main stem and the number of nodes at maturity. Type I cultivars decreased in seed weight when the day length was longer than 16 hours, but this trend was found to be clear with type II cultivars. Type III cultivars decreased in seed weight with increasing the day length.
Comparison among Traits Related to Heading of Barley Near-isogenic Lines for Growth Habit
Eun-Sup Lee ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 35, issue 1, 1990, Pages 16~22
Four near-isogenic lines of growth habit derived from the breeders' seeds of Oweolbori and Jogangbori were obtained, respectively. From the analysis of pedigree charts, the genes for the pertinent growth habit in Oweolbori and Jogangbori seemed to be derived from the Milyang 6 and Hiproly, or Joshushirohadaka, respectively. The spring habit grades of the isogenic lines were classified: Oweolbori #1 and #2, Jogangbori #1 and #2 as I : Oweolbori #3 and #4, Jogangbori #3 and #4 as III, respectively. The spring habit of Oweolbori #1 and #2 might be controlled by one pair of recessive gene, shsh. The photoperiodic response, earliness in a narrow sense, and ratio of heading retardation significantly different in the isogenic lines with the same genetic backgrounds. The heading mature time differed in the isogenic lines sown in fall.
Cool Tolerance at Booting Stage and Respiration of Anther as Affected by Nitrogen in Rice Plant
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 35, issue 1, 1990, Pages 23~27
To elucidate the influence of nitrogen application rate on cool tolerance at the booting stage and respiratory activity of anther at the heading stage in the rice plants, the relationships among nitrogen content in the leaf blade and leaf sheath+culm at young microspore stage, cool tolerance at the booting stage and respiratory activity of anther at the heading stage were investigated for 3 rice cultivars-Yeomyungbyeo, Unbongbyeo and Milyang 23. Nitrogen content in the leaf blade at the young microspore stage was negatively correlated with respiratory rate of anther at the heading stage and fertility index, respectively. Respiratory activity of anther at the heading stage with 10ppm nitrogen application was higher than that of anther with 100ppm nitrogen application. On the Arrhenius plot of respiratory activity of anther at the heading stage, Yeomyungbyeo and Unbongbyeo showed a break at 18
, respectively, with 100ppm nitrogen application, but did not show a break in respiratory activity of anther with 10ppm nitrogen application, while Milyang 23 showed a break at 20.5
with 10ppm and 100ppm nitrogen application, respectively. The highest correlation coefficient between fertility and respiratory rate of anther at the heading stage was shown at 20
in the temperature range of 15
Relationship between Seed Weight and Agronomic Traits in Korean Native Soybeans
;Shin-Han Kwon;Hi-Sup Song;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 35, issue 1, 1990, Pages 28~33
The present study was conducted to evaluate agronomic characters of the soybean germplasm which was collected from the sites covering southern parts of Korean peninsula. The total collections of 2748 native soybean varieties were grouped by eight levels of seed weight and the correlation between the seed weight and the other agronomic traits were determined. Seed weight was ranged from 7. 3g to 48. 4g with a great variation and averaged 23. 5g. Seed size of the many local lines were relatively large than that of foreign varieties. Frequency distribution of the germplasm for seed weight were 2.2% in Group 1 (below 10.0g), 14.7% in Group 2 (10.1-15.0g), 11.7% in Group 3 (15.1-20.0g), 26.2% in Group 4 (20.1-25.0g), 30.2% in Group 5 (25.1-30.0g). 10.6% in Group 6 (30.1-35.0g), 3.3% in Group 7 (35.1-40.0g) and 1.1% in Group 8 (over 40.0g). There was positive correlationship between seed weight and maturity or fruiting period, while there was negative correlationship between the seed weight and the other traits such as days to flowering, plant height, and number of nodes and pods. While 100 seed weight of 464 lines (16.9% of total lines) were below 15g, and those are adequate for the bean sprouts. The fruiting period of large seeded lines was longer, however the number of pods per plant of those were less lines than that of small seeded lines.
Variation of Grain Quality of Rice Varieties Grown at Different Locations I. Locational Variation of Quality-related Characteristics of Rice Grain
Kwang-Ho Kim ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 35, issue 1, 1990, Pages 34~43
Six commerical rice varieties were cultivated and harvested at different locations in 1987 and 1988 to clarify the degree of locational variations. of several characteristics related to rice grain quality using the rice samples harvested from 8 to 20 locations for a variety each year. Locational variations of percent brown rice, percent milled rice, 1000-grain weight and amylose content were small, but whole grain rate, alkali digestibility, gel consistency, percent white-center and white-belly grain, degree of chalkiness and degree of translucency showed larger variations between locations. The degree of locational variation of sensory evaluation score for eating quality of cooked rice were varied from small to large along with rice variety used and year cultivated. Texture palatability index and stickiness of cooked rice among rheogram characteristics showed larger locational variations, but cohesiveness and springiness showed smaller variations between locations. Set back, break down and maximum viscosity showed larger locational variations among amylogram characteristics of rice flour. Special attention was given to a cultivated location, Anseong, because rice samples harvested at Anseong showed lower percent white-center and white-belly grain, and low set back and high break down in Chucheongbyeo, lower percent white-center and white-belly grain, higher texture palatability index and viscousness/hardness ratio, and low set back and high break down in Dongjinbyeo, higher texture palatability index, and low set back and high break down in Yongmunbyeo, lower percent white-center and white-belly grain in Sangpungbyeo, and low set back and high break down in Samkangbyeo. No other locations in this study produced rice samples showing wide acceptable quality-related characteristics except Anseong.
Growth and Biomass Productivity of Seedlings from Seeds in Jerusalem Artichoke (Helianthus tuberosus L.)
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 35, issue 1, 1990, Pages 44~52
In order to examine the possibility of seed propagation of jerusalem artichoke (Helianthus tuberosus L.) which has been propagated vegatatively so far, it was investigated the growth characteristics of seedlings and the biomass productivity by seed propagation in jerusalem artichoke. The results indicated that the seedlings from seeds exhibited the physiological dwarfing as a rosette habit. The physiological dwarfing as a rosette habit in jerusalem artichoke seedlings from seeds was a kind of appearance affected by photoperiod. This abnormal habit in seedlings from JA6 seeds during the growing period was persisted in short photoperiod of 10 hrs but was disappeared in long photoperiod of 14 hrs. In the condition of long photoperiod, seedlings from seeds grew normally and the average tuber yields obtained from seed propagation was finally 3.51 ton/10a, which can be the satisfying level to the use of seed propagation despite its complexity such as the needs of specific seedling time because it gives a high biomass productivity. This potential utilization of seed propagation in jerusalem artichoke can be basically applied to the collection or preservation of germ plasm and the improvement of jerusalem artichoke.
Effects of Sucker Control Practices on Growth and Cured-leaves of Local Tobacco Variety Hyangcho
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 35, issue 1, 1990, Pages 53~57
Among the 6 treatment of not topped and suckered, topped and not suckered, hand suckered, maleic hydrazide treated, fatty alcohol treated to normal Hyangcho, and male sterile line, yield and Quality by price was lower at not topped and suckered, topped and not suckered or male sterile line plot. The content of petroleum ether extracts and ash was lower in hand suckered, maleic hydrazide and fatty alcohol plot, but the trends of reducing sugar, nicotine, and pH were in reverse. Reducing sugar was higher, nicotine and pH was lower in maleic hydrazide plot than in hand suckered or fatty alcohol plot. Filling value and combustibility was lower in maleic hydrazide plot than in hand suckered.
Interaction between Brassinolide and Auxins on Bioassays
Soon-Chul Kim ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 35, issue 1, 1990, Pages 58~64
This study was conducted to investigate the interaction effect of a new plant growth regulator brassinolide and auxins using several bioassay methods such as rice lamina inclination test, oat coleoptile segment growth test and radish hypocotyl elongation test. For rice lamina inclination test, the antagonistic response showed at low concentration combinations of homobrassinolide and auxins (IAA and 2,4-D), while the combinations of high concentration responsed mostly synergistic or additive effects, IAA was generally higher than 2,4-D for combination effect with homobrassinolide. For oat coleoptile segment growth test, the synergistic effect showed at IAA concentrations less than 0.1ppm while additive response exhibited above 0.3ppm regardless of homobrassinolide concentrations. In radish hypocotyl elongation test, the interaction response varied with cotyledon. The sections removed cotyledon showed mostly antagonistic effects, except for combination of homobrassinolide with IAA 3ppm. Interaction responses were Quite different from bioassay methods, particularly using experimental materials: antagonistic responses were usually shown at the section that attached growing point while these for sections that removed growing point were responded synergistic or additive effect due to unstable endogenous hormones.
Effect of Temperature on Mitotic Cycle of Rice Root Meristem Cells
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 35, issue 1, 1990, Pages 65~72
The mitotic cycle duration and component plase periods of rice (Oryza sativa L. 'Sumjinbyeo and Seokwangbyeo') root merisem cells at 15, 20, and 30
were determined the use of tritiated thymidine, In this work, the time interval between the maxima of sequential mitotic appearances of marked cells was used to estimate the mitotic cycle duration (MCD) of rice, The MCD of rice of the cultivar 'Sumjinbyeo' and 'Seokwangbyeo' at 20. and 30
was 12. and 20hr, respectively. But the MCD of 'Sumjinbyeo' and 'Seokwangbyeo' was 18 and 20hr, at 15
. respectively. The MCD decreased with increasing temperature, The duration of component phase of rice cultivar 'Seokwangbyeo' were essentially the same ratio at 20
. but in 'Sumjinbyeo' cultivar the ratio of
period was almost doubled while those of
and M were decreased by almost two times at 20
. Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA). Ribonucleic acid (RNA), and protein synthesis were reduced with increasing temperature from 15
while the MCD was decreased, This result suggest that DNA, RNA and protein synthesis may not affect the MCD from 15
Effect of Planting Density and Fertilizer Application Level on Yield and Agronomic Characters in a Semi-dwarf Soybean Cultivar
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 35, issue 1, 1990, Pages 73~82
The experiment was carried out to study the influence of planting space and fertilizer application levels on some agronomic characters and yield in newly released semi-dwarf soybeans, Paldalbong and Dankyungkong. The number of branches per plant was not reduced by planting space from 60
15cm. These Semi-dwarf soybeans had good adaptability on high planting density. The number of pods per node on the main stem was different according to the planting space in Dankyungkong, but it was similar in Paldalkong except planting space 20
10cm. Regardless of planting densities and varieties, the number of grains per pod on upper node of the main stem was large. Coefficient of variation of pods and grains per node in the middle part of the main stem was small. The number of grains per plant was decreased in high planting density compared to low planting density, but the number of harvested plant per unit area was increased. Optimum planting space was 25
10cm in both varieties. The ability of nodulation was bigger in Dankyungkong than in Paldalkong.
Nitrogen Uptake, Yield and Gross Income of Sweet Corn as Affected by Nitrogen
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 35, issue 1, 1990, Pages 83~89
A sweet corn hybrid, Golden Cross Bantam 70, was grown at 0, 5, 10, 15 and 20kg/10a of nitrogen (N) under the transparent P. E. film mulch to find the best yield evaluation method. Culm length, ear height, number of tillers increased and silking date was earlier by 1-2 days with increased N level. Leaf area index of main culm at harvest increased with increased N level. Marketable ears were divided into two classes according to the whole sale market price; the frist grade of which husked ear weight over 150g (unhusked ear weight 230g) and the second grade of which husked ear weight between 100 and 150g (unhusked ear weight between 180 and 230g). Average length, thickness, and weight of both grades of marketable ears were not different among the N levels. The proportion of the first grade increased with increased N level. However, total number and weight of marketable ears and gross income per 10a calculated considering weight and number of ears increased with increased N level. There were highly positive correlations between gross income and ear number or ear weight per l0a. The number and weight of marketable ears were underestimated at high N levels compared with gross income. Dry matter yield of stover ranged 740-963kg/10a and increased with increased N level with 20. 8-24.5% dry matter content. Rice black-streaked dwarf virus infection rate was 11.8-15.0%, but it was not related to N level. N concentration in ear was similar but that in stover increased with increased N level. Total N uptake increased but N recovery decreased with increased N level.
Path-Coefficient Aanalysis of Yield-Characters in Tobacco
Kwon-Yawl Chang ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 35, issue 1, 1990, Pages 90~96
The study was intended to clarify the direct and indirect effects of agronomic and chemical characters influencing upon yield in tobacco breeding. The eight parents and a set of 28 crosses of F
's and F
's were used as materials, and planted on two different cultivated systems, i.e., oriental's and burley systems, during 1986 to 1988 at Daegu Experiment Station. Four characters which were leaf length, leaf width, days to flowering and number of leaves per plant influenced the highly direct effects upon the leaf yield, but five chemical components were expressed as low effects. In indirect effects, leaf length, days to flowering and total nitrogen had the high indirect effects influencing upon leaf yield via the other characters. Accordingly, the results were discussed with a conclusion that the selection should be based on the data from leaf length, days to flowering, leaf width and number of leaves per plant.
Epidemiological Concepts and Strategies in Breeding Soybeans for Disease Resistance
Seung Man, Lim ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 35, issue 1, 1990, Pages 97~107
The epidemiology of plant disease deals with the dynamic processes of host-pathogen interactions, which determine the prevalence and severity of the disease. Epidemic processes for most foliar diseases of plants follow a series of steps: arrival of pathogens on plant surfaces, initial infection, incubation period, latent period, sporulation, dissemination of secondary inoculum, and infectious period. These complex biological processes are influenced by the environment-Man also often interfers with these processes by altering the host and pathogen populations and the environment. Slowing or halting any of the epidemic processes can delay the development of the epidemic, so that serious losses in yield due to disease do not occur. It is generally recognized that the most effective and efficient method of minimizing disease damage is through the use of resistant cultivars, particularly when other methods such as fungicide applications are not economically feasible-Populations of plant pathogens are not genetically uniform nor are they necessarily stable. Cultivars bred for resistance to current populations of a pathogen may not be resistant in the future due to selection pressures placed on the pathogen populations. Understanding population development and genetic variability in the pathogen, and knowledge of the genetics of resistance in the plant should help in developing breeding strategies that wi1l provide effective and stable disease control through genetic resistance. In the United States, soybeans have ranked first in value of crops sold off the farm in recent years. Soybeans have been the leading U. S.