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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Crop Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Crop Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 35, Issue 6 - Dec 1990
Volume 35, Issue 5 - Oct 1990
Volume 35, Issue 4 - Aug 1990
Volume 35, Issue 3 - Jun 1990
Volume 35, Issue 2 - Apr 1990
Volume 35, Issue 1 - Feb 1990
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Varietal Difference and Environmental Variation in Protein Content and/or Amino Acid Composition of Rice Seed
Soo-Yeon Cho ; Kwang-Ho Kim ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 35, issue 5, 1990, Pages 379~386
Varietal difference of protein content in forty eight Korean recommended rice cultivars and environmental Variation in protein content of milled rice harvested at six sites of the middle and/or southern plain and four locations of mid-mountainous and/or alpine area in 1989 were investigated. Also, the composition of amino acid in milled rice was compared among three rice varieties: a high-protein japonica rice, Nongbaek, a high-protein Tongil-type rice, Yongjubyeo, and a low-protein japonica rice, Hwaseongbyeo. Korean recommended rice varieties showed 7.93% of average protein content with varietal variation from 5.5% to 10.2% for milled rice harvested in 1988, and 9.17% of mean protein content with the variation from 6.3% to 12.0% for milled rice harvested in 1989. Tongil-type rice was about 1% higher in protein content of milled rice than japonica. The low-protein japonica rice, Hwaseongbyeo exhibited lower content of essential amino acids per g of rice flour sample than the high-protein japoinica, Nongbaek and/or Tongil-type rice, Yongjubyeo, but the relative content of essential amino acids per 16.8g of nitrogen in milled rice of the former was not so different with those of the latters. Among amino acids the content of glutamic acid was highest and among essential amino acids the content of leucine was highest while methionine was lowest. The protein content of milled rice was negatively correlated with days from seeding to heading, K/Mg ratio, alkali digestion value(l-7) and amylose content, but it was positively correlated with translucency and magnesium content of milled rice. The protein content of milled rice harvested in the southern plain paddy field was about 1% higher compared with those harvested in the Middle plain. Also, the protein content of milled rice harvested in the southern mid-mountainous and alpine area was about 0.8% higher compared with those harvested in the resemble altitude area of the middle-northern part of Korea. The contribution of environmental variation to total in plain area was about 28.1% while that in mid-mountainous and alpine area was about 56.4%.
Quantity and Quality of Seed Protein and Its Regional Variation in Barley
Byong-Hee Hong ; Eun-Sup Lee ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 35, issue 5, 1990, Pages 387~392
To breed good quality and high yielding varieties, and to evaluate quantity and quality of seed protein in barley, protein content of 139 cultivars, amino acid (AA) composition of 6 cultivars were analyzed. Total protein contents of cultivars tested showed variation from 12.0 to 15.7% in covered barley, 9.2 to 15.4% in hulless barley and 11.4 to 15.9% in malting barley. Varietal mean protein contents of covered barley were higher than any other barley. Barley grains harvested from northern area showed higher protein contents than those from southern area. Relationship between protein content and heading date showed negative correlation in covered barley and no significantly different in malting and hulless barley. Total amino acid (AA) showed variation from 9.51 to 11.47%, also essential amino acid (EAA) was 2.81 to 3.25%. Comparatively, percent of EAA was higher in hulless barley, but lower in covered barley. First limiting EAA was lysine, and other limiting EAAs were threonine and methionine in 6 barley cultivars tested.
Protein of Major Germplasms for High-Protein Wheat Breeding
Chang-Hwan Cho ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 35, issue 5, 1990, Pages 393~402
Studies to obtain a fundamental data to improve the quantity and quality of wheat protein and to select the excellent breeding materials suitable for various uses of it were performed on the focuses of protein content, amino acid composition, and its related quality. The range of seed protein content of crossing block consisted with 319 varieties or lines was from 9.9% to 17.6% with the average of 13.2%. The minimum protein content was showed by Wonkwang, and the maximum by Chungnamjaerae and Suwon 210. Among the Korean native varieties or breeding lines of crossing block, at least twelve lines or varieties were selected as the high-protein wheats. In the effects of environmental conditions, the variations of protein content by cultivating locations and year were showed out to be up to 3.6%, and 3.3%, respectively. But the varietal characteristics of wheat protein were seemed to remain constantly. In the results of amino acid analysis, those related with bread quality, except proline were improved with the increase of seed protein. But the improvement of nutritional quality did not agree with the protein content increase of seed. The total content of amino acid essential to adults was very low with 266.6-273.3mg per one gram of protein compare to the 350mg (free from the amino acid of tryptophan) recommended by FAO/WHO. Especially the limiting amino acid such as methionine, lysine and threonine were critically deficient. The correlation between protein contents and sedimentation values was obtained r=0.656
**/ of average notwithstanding widly different environmental conditions, and in some condition the value was obained about to r=0.956
Protein and Content Amino Add Composition of Soybean Cultivars
Eun-Hui Hong ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 35, issue 5, 1990, Pages 403~412
Soybean grain, the main source of protein and lipid, has been used for various purposes in our food resources. Therefore, to abtain and supply protein in safety, soybean must be considered as more and more important and it must be made many efforts in breeding for good quality and high protein. Contents of seed protein of the recommeded soybean cultivars in Korea were above 40 persents. Soybean seed protein was divided four fractions by solubility differences. Contents of fraction-albumines, globulines, prolamines and glutelines- were 7.59%, 71.43%, 1.32%, and 9.11% to total protein in Jangyeobkong. The major components of amino acids were glutamic acid, aspartic acid and arginine in order, cystein, methionine, and tyrosine were the minor components in soybean seed protein. Soybean seed protein is constituted mostly of 11s and 7s proteins. Contents of methionine and cystein, sulfur containing amino acid, in 11s protein has already identified higher than 7s protein's The yields of soybean curd were positively correlated with the soluble protein contents of the soybean varieties.
Variation of Protein Content and Amino Add Composition of Maize Germplasms
;Bong-Ho Chae;Keun-Yong Park;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 35, issue 5, 1990, Pages 413~423
Corn proteins have been known as nutritionally poor, being deficient in the essential amino acids. lysine and tryptophan. Improving the quality of protein in the corn grain would be a great benefit to the farmer. This study was conducted to evaluate the variation of the protein content and the protein constitution of the maize germplasms in the Crop Experiment Station in 1989. The average protein content of 101 germplasms was 11.5% with range from 8.0% to 17.3%. Elite hybrid field corns and table corns possessed 9.1-13.9% protein for the dried whole kernel. Major amino acids were glutamic acid and leucine. Lysine and methionine were limited. Varietal differences were observed in the amino acid composition. Qpm, a modified opaque-2 mutant had 1.4-1.7 times higher lysine content than Suwon 19, a dent corn and Suwon SS-21, a sweet corn. Suwon SS-21 had high threonine content. Maize seed protein gave three fractions. an alchol-soluble fraction (zein), an alkali-soluble fraction (glutelin), and a salt-soluble fraction (globulin) by the Osborne method. The zein fraction accounted respectively for 50.7% and 41.7% of the total protein is Suwon 19 and Suwon SS-21. The nonzein fractions increased in percentage of total protein in Qpm kernels. The amino acid composition of zein fraction from three types maize endoperms of dent, sweet and opaque-2 was essentially identical. Zein contained the high contents of glutamic acid and leucine but low content of lysine. The glutelin fractions of three types maize endosperms were mainly similar in overall amino acid composition. The lysine content of glutelin was higher than that of zein. The amino acid composition of globulin fraction was some different from those of zein and glutelin In Qpm it had higher levels of histidine and lysine than both of zein and glutelin. The increased lysine content in Qpm was resulted from changing the proportions of proteins which contained different levels of lysine.
Varietal Difference of Protein Content and Amino Acid Composition in Peanuts
;Kwang-He Kang;Jung-Il Lee;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 35, issue 5, 1990, Pages 424~439
The protein content of seed meal were examined to evaluate genotypes of higher protein content from 164 peanut germplasms. The variations in amino acids content were investigated from nine Korean leading varieties grown at five locations. Amino acids contents of protein fractions were also ana lysed in the present study, too. The results of the study were summarized as fallows. The seed protein of 164 peanut varieties averaged 24.5% ranging from 19.5% to 28.7%, showed 9.2% varietal variation in proteins. Differences were not observed in protein content between plant types, however, protein contents were higher in small-seeded than large seeded varieties. The differences were more greater particulaly in Spanish type varieties. The varieties introduced from Taiwan and Philippine showed higher protein contents, and the cultivars or lines bred in Korea and introduced from Japan were lower in protein contents. protein contents showed non-significantly negative correlations with 100-kernel weight and pod weight per plant, but positive correlations were observed between oil and protein content in all types of peanuts. Significant differences among the varieties and locations were observed for total, essential and non-essential amino acids contents, and aspartic acid. Locational differences for arginine, lysine, methionine, threonine, glutamic acid, glycine and tyrosine, and varietal difference for phenylalanene were revealed as significant. The limiting amino acids from the leading varieties were isoleucine, methionine, threonine, alanine and tyrosine, comparing with FAO recommanding levels of amino acids. Among the protein fractions prolamins was the highest in total amino acids, but essential amino acids was the highest in globulins
Varietal Difference of Protein Content and Amino Acid Composition in Sesame
Young-Am Chae ; Rae-Kyung Park ; Jung-Il Lee ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 35, issue 5, 1990, Pages 440~448
To obtain the basic information an seed quality improvement in sesame, protein content of 114 varieties and amino acid composition of 12 varieties was analyzed. Protein content showed the vaietal difference ranged 20.6-30.2% and the mean was 24.72%. The highest variety in protein content was PI158066 (30.2%) originated from U.S.A. Protein content of Korean local varieties were highest among original group analyzed. Seed coat texture and seed coat color affected to protein content so, smooth type was higher than rough type in protein content, and black seeded varieties showed the hight protein content. Amino-acid composition of sesame was uneque in balance and higher than FAO reference. Total amino-acid of variety PI258372 was highest as 25.03%. Essential amino-acid (EAA) /total amino-acid(TAA) ratio of sesame was higher as 42-58.2% than soybean, corn, rice, peanut. Korean local variet 'Samcheck' showed best quality in amino-acid composition as 58.2% in EAA/TAA ratio with high tyrocin and lysine. Total amino acid content was high in order of Korean local '||'&'||'gt; introduced '||'&'||'gt; Korean bred varieties.
Variation of Protein Content and Amino Acid Composition in Perilla Germplasm
Jung-Il Lee ; ; Kwang-Ho Kim ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 35, issue 5, 1990, Pages 449~463
To obtain the basic informations on quality improvement, seed protein and amino acid composition were analyzed in 460 strains of perilla germplasm. Among the tested strains, total protein content ranged from 17.9% to 28.1 % with the 23.6% of varietal means. Form the experiment, Namji, Sandong, and Eunjin were selected as high protein strains of which content was as high as 28.1%. In protein content, collected strains from Jeonnam province showed highest, and was not significantly different by maturity, but this characteristics showed differences by seed coat color and 1,000 seed weight. The significantly negative correlation was observed between protein content and seed setting ratio. However it was observed that significant and high positive correlation between protein and oil content. A calibration for an Infra-Alyzer 450 using log reflectance readings at 2208, 1982, 1940 and 1722nm could be used without adjustment for the measurment of the protein content in perilla with a standard deviation of differences against micro-kjeldahl of 0.27%. The amino acid composition of perilla was similar to the other oilseed crops, and showed a relatively high lysine and methionine content. Further, amino acid composition of perilla seed was exellently characterized with bal ance and higher than FAO recommendation. Major amino acids were indentified as a glutamic acid and arginine in perilla seed protein.
Varietal Difference of Seed Protein Content and Amion Acid Composition in Rapeseed
Jung-Il Lee ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 35, issue 5, 1990, Pages 464~475
To obtain the basic informations about the repeseed Quality improvement, If varieties were analyzed for their seed protein content and amino acid composition, and discussed comparing to several other oilseed crops or varietal origin and seed weight or maturity. Total protein content of the tested varieties were ranged from 15.3 to 36.2% with mean protein content of 23.2%. The highest protein content was recorded in B. hirta var. Ochre, whereas the lowest in B. napus var. Mirado. Grouped by seed weight, small seed varieties were higher in protein content. A high negative correlation (-0.524) was observed between the content of protein and oil. Further, more the relationship between protein content and 1,000 seed weight was also very significant with the correlation coefficient of -0.622. The amino acid composition of rapeseed meal was characterized by a relatively high methionine and lysine content. Main amino acids were glutamic and aspartic acid in rapeseed.