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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Journal of Crop Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Crop Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 36, Issue s01 - Dec 1991
Volume 36, Issue 6 - Dec 1991
Volume 36, Issue 5 - Oct 1991
Volume 36, Issue 4 - Aug 1991
Volume 36, Issue 3 - Jun 1991
Volume 36, Issue 2 - Apr 1991
Volume 36, Issue 1 - Feb 1991
Selecting the target year
New Mutants for Endosperm and Embryo Characters in Rice
;Mun-Hue Heu;Kwang-Ho Kim;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 36, issue 3, 1991, Pages 197~203
Several types of endosperm and embryo mutants were induced by the treatment of MNU (N -methly- N -nitrosourea) on fertilized egg cell of rice plant. These mutants were named as dull. waxy, white core, floury, sugary, shrunken, colored seed coat and giant embryo according to their appearence, micro-scopic feature on SEM and amylose content. White cored mutant was the most frequent one among them. All of the mutants were segregated as controlled by a single recessive gene except 47320 (dull). Futher studies on the genetics and physico-chemical properities of the mutants are ongoing.
Estimation of Daily Net Radiation from Synoptic Meteorological Data
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 36, issue 3, 1991, Pages 204~208
Five models for net radiation estimation reported by Linacre(1968), Berljand(1956), Nakayama et al. (1983), Chang (1970) and Doorenbos et al. (1977) were tested for the adaptability to Korea. A new model with effective longwave radiation term parameterized by air temperature, solar radiation and vapor pressure was formulated and tested for its accuracy. Above five models with original parameter values showed large absolute mean deviations ranging from 0.86 to 1.64 MJ/
/day. The parameters of the above five models were reestimated by using net radiation and meteorological elements measured in Suwon, Korea. These five models with new parameter values showed absolute mean deviations ranging from 0.74 to 0.88 MJ/
/day. The following model was newly formulated: Rn=(1-
(0.0103 Exp (0 .0731 Rs) -0.0475 (equation omitted) +0 .2478) (
=0.997, n=63) where
=Stefan-Boltzmann constant, Rs=solar radiation in MJ/
/day, Tk =air temperature in Kelvin and
=vapor pressure in mb. This model revealed 0.4988 MJ/
/day in absolute mean deviation when applied to an independent set of meteorological data.a.a.
Application of Early-maturing Corn to Cropping System of Forage Crop II. Effects of Late Sowing and Dense Planting of Early-maturing Corn on Forage Productivity
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 36, issue 3, 1991, Pages 209~213
Early maturing hybrids(Comet 80, Comet 85 and Linda) and mid-late maturing hybrid (Suwon 19) were grown at Suwon to study the influence of maturity, plant population, and sowing date (45, 55, and 65 days delayed from the recommended sowing date of Suwon 19) on the dry matter yields, percentage ears and TDN yields. Com was planted at the density of 60 x 20, 50 x 20 and 40 x 20 em. Dry matter yields were not significantly different between the early and mid-late maturing hybrids in the delayed sowing time, but significantly higher in 20 x 50cm of planting density in early maturing hybrids. As sowing was delayed to Jun. 22 ear content decreased from 40.3% (early maturing hybrid) to 6.7% (Suwon 19). This resulted in significantly 24.1% higher TDN yield in Comet 85 than in Suwon 19.
Varietal Differences in Days Required to Leaf Expansion, Leaf Number on Main Culm, and Days to Heading of Rice under Cold Water Flow System
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 36, issue 3, 1991, Pages 214~219
To clarify the relationship between ambient water temperature and heading characteristics of rice (Oryza sativa L.), twelve of varieties rice were grown in a cold tolerance screening field where water temperature was controlled by continuous cold water irrigation system to test the cold tolerance of rice. When cold water was continuously irrigated with 5 cm of water depth, the water had stagnated for about three hours, and the water temperature increased gradually from inlet toward outlet in the experimental plot. The fluctuation of water temperature was well synchronized with that of ambient air temperature, and the water temperature near outlet became higher than the air temperature at the vegetative phase, while became lower at the reproductive phase of rice plant community. The leaf development rates on main culm increased by increased water temperature. The rice varities, Fukuhikari, Sangpungbyeo and YR3486-16-2 were more sensitive than the others in the response of leaf development to water temperature. However, Janack and Milyang 42 were comparatively less sensitive to water temperature in leaf development. Janack and Paro -white rices required longer days to develop one leaf on main culm at reproductive phase than at vegetative phase. Varietal difference in days required to develop one leaf on main culm of rice plant was more distinctive at the reproductive phase when water temperature was relatively lower than at the vegetative phase with relatively higher water temperature condition. No difference was found between the growth phases, vegetative and reproductive, in the response of average leaf developmental rates to water temperature under the similar air temperature condition. The estimated average days required to develop one leaf on main culm decreased by 1.3 day by 1
increase in water temperature. Varietal differences in the total number of leaves on main culm depended upon the water temperature, in which the varieties such as Fukuhikari, Gwangmyeon-gbyeo, China 988, and YR3486-16-2 showed increased one leaf by increased water temperature, while Sobaekbyeo, Paro-white, Sangpungbyeo, Pungsanbyeo, Samgangbyeo, and Milyang 42 were kept at the same leaf number regardless of water temperature. However, the total leaf number on main culm and days to heading of Janack increased by increased water temperature. The other varieties showed the shortened days to heading by the increase in water temperature with noticeable varietal differences regardless of the variation in the total number of leaves on main culm.
Effect of Pre-cultivation of Cassia tora on Soil Nematode Population and Soybean Growth
Kwang-Ho Kim ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 36, issue 3, 1991, Pages 220~225
Four cropping systems, soybean mono-cropping, Cassia tora mono-cropping, soybean-C. tora companion cropping and soybean-C. tora intercropping, were compared for number of soil nematodes and soybean growth in upland field in 1986. Soybean was cultivated as an after-crop of four different cropping systems from 1987 to 1989, and observations were continued. Soil nematode was not found in C. tora mono-cropping plot from mid growing season of C. tora while many nematodes were found in soybean mono-cropping plot in 1986. A few nematodes were found for 3 years in soybean field after one season cultivation of C. tora in 1986. Number of nematodes was lower in soybean-C. tora companion and inter-cropping plots compared with soybean mono-cropping, and was also lower for 3 years in soybean field after one season companion and inter-cropping culture in 1986 compared with continuous soybean cultivation plot. No root nodule was formed on C. tora root, but number of root nodules of soybean plant grown in C. tora companion and inter-cropping plots was not different with soybean mono-cropping plot. Number of pods. number of seeds and seed weight per soybean plant grown in C. tora companion and inter-cropping plots were almost same with soybean mono-cropping plot. When soybean was cultivated in field after one season C. tora mono, companion or inter-cropping, pod and seed number, and seed weight per plant were higher than continuous soybean cultivation field.
Crossability, Germination Rate, and Pollen Fertility of Progeny Drived from Cross between Hexaploid Triticale(X Triticosecale Wittmack) and Wheat(Triticum aestivum L.)
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 36, issue 3, 1991, Pages 226~235
This experiment was carried out to obtain the information on the crossability, germination rate, and pollen viability of the progeny from the cross between hexaploid triticale cv. Sinkihomil and five hexaploid wheat varieties. The results are summarized as follows. Seed set was 28.8 to 41.8% (ave-raged 34.1%) in the cross between triticale and wheat, which resulted in 3.61% in F
), 3.99% in F
21. 9% in F
respectively. However, seed set was extremely low in reciprocal crosses when triticale was used as male. In the backcross, crossability was higher in F
/wheat and triticale/F
than that in wheat/F
/triticale, respectively. Germination rate of the crossed seed was 95% in F
66.3% in F
), 62.0% in F
and 81.0% in F
from the cross between triticale and wheat, respectively. When triticale cv. Sinkihomil was used as male, seeds were degenerated because of the failure of endorsperm development. This might be caused by AAABBBDDR genome constitution in the cytoplasm from a hexaploid wheat. Pollen fertility of F, plant was averaged 34.1% in the cross between triticale and wheat. Significant positive correlation between the pollen fertility and seed set rate in the cross between triticale and wheat were detected.
Cooking Quality of Barley as Influenced by Storage Period and Polishing Degree
Eun-Sup Lee ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 36, issue 3, 1991, Pages 236~240
The objective of this research was to determine the effect of storage period on the cooking qualities of barley. The expansion rate and the water absorption rate of cooked barley were decreased with the increase of polishing degree. When the barley having the same degree of polishing were cooked for 50 minutes, both rates were showed negative correlation with the storage time by showing the lower values in the barley having longer storage periods. Whiteness of cooked barley did not showed any clear correlation with the storage period. The texture of cooked barley and the amylogram properties also did not showed any correlation with the storage period due to the effects of other factors such as harvesting stage and cultivating conditions.
Indica Rice Grown in Korea
Mun-Hue Heu ; Hak-Soo SUH ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 36, issue 3, 1991, Pages 241~248
A few Korean native rice cultivars, 'Sharei' and red rice which are regarded as weedy rice and a rice sample enshrined in the Buddha's Image were examined for the grain shape, seed coat color, amylose content, alkali digestibility and esterase response pattern. Among the Korean native varieties which are collected during 1920's and preserved up to now, there are some varieties belong to the typical Indicas. Some lines of 'Sharei' and some collections of red rice from farmer's field showed the evidence of Indica rice. A rice sample which was enshrined in the Buddha's image in 1302 looked like a mixtures of Indica and Japonica. Reviewing the articles from the old books describing characteristics and some reports on the Indica rice in Korea, it was deduced that the Indica rice was grown in Korea in some extent before 1300.
Salt Tolerance and Green Fodder and Grain yields of Barnyard Millet(Echinochloa crusgalli var. frumentacea)
Keun-Yong Park ; Rae-Kyung Park ; Byeong-Han Choi ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 36, issue 3, 1991, Pages 249~253
Barnyard millet (Echinochloa crusgalli var. frumentacea) has been detected as the best fodder crop in Korea for earlier and/or later season crop. The objective of the study was to examine varieal differences among the varieties introduced from ICRISAT and cultivated in Korea for salt tolerance and green fodder and grain yield under the saline and normal upland soil conditions, IEC 514, IEC 515, IEC 518 and IEC 528 introduced from ICRISAT were relatively highly tolerant to saline soil and with higher green fodder and grain yields, and also were very earlier headed and matured as compared with the Korean local varieties and King.
Effects of Root Head Diameter and Fertilization on Shoot Growth and Root Yield in Angelica gigas NAKAI
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 36, issue 3, 1991, Pages 254~258
Experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of size of root crown at transplanting and fertilization on the growth and root yield of Angelica gigas Nakai. Plant height and fresh weight of shoots were increased by fertilizer application, but was not different in emergence rate. Size of root crown at transplanting was also affected the growth of shoot. Plant which had 7.2mm of root crown at transplanting showed highest in plant height and fresh weight of shoots. Growth of root in terms of root length, number of root branches, diameter of root crown, and fresh weight of root was increased by fertilizer application and 5.4mm of root crown at transplanting. Application of fertilizer accelerated the development and growth of node on the stem, which in turn resulted bolting and flowering. Plants which had greater than 7.2mm of root crown at transplanting and application of fertilizer were produced woody roots. Woody roots cannot be used for medicinal purpose. Therefore, yield of roots was highest at transplanting of 3.lmm root crown with fertilizer application.
Effects of Fertilizer and Regulator Application on Shortening of Plant Height and Yield of Sesame
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 36, issue 3, 1991, Pages 259~265
This experiment was carried out to find of shortening degree of plant height and seed yield of sesame by different treatment of fertilizer and regulator application. Treatment of higher yield was compost, foliar spraying of Tachigaren chemicals and pinching + 1. 5 times as much as control application of 3 elements which was nitrogen, phosphate, potassium. Especially, Tachigaren chemicals plot was showed increasing lodging resistance because of shortening stem of 6cm compare with control plot and more 8% than control plot in seed yield. Expectant treatment of seed yield was application of compost 2,000Kg per l0a. Foliar spraying of Tachigaren chemicals at 6 leaves full-open of main stem was expected higher yield as well as shortening stem.
Grain Aging and Sensory Changes influenced by Milling and Packaging in Rice Storage
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 36, issue 3, 1991, Pages 266~270
Storage in the form of brown or milled rice saves space and cut cost rather than storage of rough rice, the common way of grain storage in Korea. But, brown or milled rice may be more susceptable to grain aging and sensory change than rough rice. Rice stored in government warehouse for 20 months after harvest was hulled into brown or milled rice and packaged with kraft paper bag (paper package), polyprophylen (PP package), and polyethylene (PE package). Then, after those rice packages were stored under room condition for one year, we investigated germinability, fat acidity, and sensory change to determine milling and packaging effects. Germinability of rough and brown rice was decreased significantly after long-term storge. In germination rate, Chucheong cultivar was lower than Milyang #23, brown rice was lower than rough rice, but there was no differences within packaging materials. TTC test which had a significant correlation with germinability can be used as a handy procedure for predicting grain germination. Fat acidity was increased as the order of rough < milled < brown rice in terms of milling, and PP < paper < PE package in terms of packaging materials. Especially, storage of brown rice increased fat acidity above 30 mg KOH, indicating one of characteristics of grain aging. To prevent from high fat acidity it was necessary to store in forms of rough grain with paper or PP packaging and milled rice with paper, or PP, or PE packaging. In sensory test of stored grain, eating quality in brown rice was the worst because of acidification of fatty acid. Also, eating quality of stored grain became worse as fat acidity increased.
Effect of Period and Storehouse-Grade in Grain Storage and Degree of Milling on the Sensory Taste of Cooked Rice
Yong-Woong Kwon ; Jeon-Woo Bang ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 36, issue 3, 1991, Pages 271~279
The changes in fat acidity of brown rice and eating quality of rice during long term grain storage of unhulled rice were evaluated for the government managed rices. The Tongil type rice grains had consistently significantly lower fat acidity during three and half year storage than the Japonica type rice. On sensory evaluation of the fresh milled cooked rice the eating quality of the long term stored rices, 1987, 1988, and 1989 produce Tongil did not differ much each other even though increase in fat acidity by year of storage. The Japonica rices produced in 1989 and 1990 in different locations and stored there also did not differ much in eating quality. The grains stored in storehouses of super grade did not differ significantly from those stored in the first grades, but the grains stored (4
, RH 50%) grains have kept the eating quality almost same as the fresh grains even after two and half years. A higher degree of milling did not improve significantly the sensory taste of cooked rice of the grains long term stored.
Transition of Rice Cultural Practices during Chosun Dynasty through Old References II. Investigation of Rice Culture Practice in Ancient China
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 36, issue 3, 1991, Pages 280~285
The rice culture techniques of the ancient China which have played a key role directly and indirectly, in development of ancient farming and its techniques of Korea, were established before Christ in terms of dry-farming and the spirit of the farming-first principle. Especially techniques of rice culture were developed by cultivation methods for deep plowing, storage of water and preservation use of soil fertility. Therefore, the techniques of transplanting methods, seeding in rows, use of iron-made farming tools and dam construction for irrigation were advanced. And rice varieties were differentiated to avoid disasters or to supply of rice for various uses in many areas. Also, because north China was the origin of Chinese agriculture in which population density was low and flat land was wide that were the cradle of Chinese agriculture, ‘Hwayungsunubeob’(firing and drawning weed control method) and fallowing were quickened as intensive techniques of rice culture. In connection with the view of agricuture with 'the theory of the cosmic dual forces and the five primary substances' of Han Mooje and Chamwye scholars, the techniques of seeding and selection of crops were gradually developed. From ‘Jeminyosul’ of the 6th century to ‘Wangjongnongseo’ of the 14th century, the techniques of rice culture have been developed continuously and additively, but were not improved thereafter Won dynasty. From this point of time, the time of agriculture in the end of Koryo age and by ‘Nongsajiksul’ were initiated.