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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Crop Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Crop Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 36, Issue s01 - Dec 1991
Volume 36, Issue 6 - Dec 1991
Volume 36, Issue 5 - Oct 1991
Volume 36, Issue 4 - Aug 1991
Volume 36, Issue 3 - Jun 1991
Volume 36, Issue 2 - Apr 1991
Volume 36, Issue 1 - Feb 1991
Selecting the target year
Effect of Metalaxyl Seed-soaking Treatment on Root-mat Formation of Infant Rice Seedling in Machine Transplanting
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 36, issue 4, 1991, Pages 287~293
The root-mat formation of infant rice seedlings (8- to 10-day-old) is sometime not enough for machine transplanting because of the too-short nursery period. This experiment was conducted to elucidate the effect of metalaxyl seed-soaking treatment in the mixed solution of metalaxyl, seed disinfectant and insectcides on the root-mat formation of infant rice seedling in machine transplanting. The rice seeds of Odaebyeo were soaked in the mixed solution of metalaxyl, prochloraz and insectcides. with the recommended concentrations for 24 hours at room temperature. Seeding rate was 220g per seed tray (30 x 60 x 3cm). Metalaxyl (25% wettable powder), a fungicide. was used in 1. 000 times dilution as a promoting substance on the root-mat formation. Generally, the metalaxyl-treated seeds markedly increased the root number and length, and rooting activity of infant rice seedlings as compared with the control, thus the root-mat formation was excellent. When the rice seeds were sterilized by the mixed solution of prochloraz and insectcides, metalaxyl could be used together for increasing root-mat rormation of infant rice seedlIngs due to no interaction among agro-chemicals used. Seedling damping-off and physiological seedling rot were also controled in the seedlings of metalaxy-treated seeds. The root-mat of metalxyl-treated seeds had higher hardness and tension than control in terms of physical properties.
Effect of Cut on Forage Production and Grain Yield of Naked Barley Cultivars
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 36, issue 4, 1991, Pages 294~299
Eight naked barley cultivars were grown in three production systems to select proper cultivars for dual production of forage and grain and to determine production system x cultivar interactions. In the forage systems. barley was seeded on September 27 and October 17, harvested for forage on November 1. December 10 and February 12 from the September 27 planting (forage system I) and on December 10 and February 12 from the October 17 seeding(forage system II). In the grain-only system, barley was planted on November 5. In forage system I, oven-dried forage yields of eight cultivars ranged 195 to 296kg/10a and Saessalbori and Naehanssalbori yielded significantly higher than the other cultivars recording 280 and 296kg/ l0a, respectively. In forage system II, oven-dried forage yields of eight cultivars ranged 106 to 143kg/10a showing no significant difference among cultivars. Production system x cultivar interactions were significant for lodging at maturity, powdery mildew rating, 1000 kernel weight and grain yield. Leaf area index and biomass at heading, no. of spikes per
, no. of kernels per spike and test weight were not affected by the production system. Forage utilization delayed heading by 3 days and reduced culm length, spike length, lodging due to heavy rain on May 5 and lodging at maturity except for Songhagbori and Naehanssalbori. Forage utilization did not significantly affect grain yield from the September 27 planting but reduced 9% from the October 17 planting. while Saessalbori and Hyangcheonggwa 1 yielded significantly less than in the grain-only system. Songhagbori appears to be a proper cultivar for dual production of forage and grain in Cheju, considering forage and grain yields. and lodging and powdery mildew resistance.
Feasibility in Utilization of Sugar Crops as Bio-energy Resources in Korea
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 36, issue 4, 1991, Pages 300~304
Several experiments were conducted to elucidate a possibility of sweet sorghum, sugar beet and sugar cane as the resources of bio-energy which were collected from Philipine, India, Japan and Gene -bank in Korea. The experiments were carried out in Chinju, Korea from 1986 to 1988. When sweet sorghum cultivars were taken from 70 to 118 days after sowing on May 20, 1988 upto heading stage, the sugar content of stem was 6 to 14% and yielded 4 to 10ton per l0a in terms of the total fresh weight of plant. Sugar beet root contained 9.2 to 19.8% in sugar producting 3,542 to 6. 397kg per l0a. Meanwhile. the sugar content in stem of sugar cane was 15.2 to 16.7% and final growth the late October in this particular region. Particularly, F1 hybrid cultivar(s-l) of sweet sorghum could be harvested twice in a year. The alcohol quantity obtained from the juice of sweet sorghum was 180
per l0a and was increased as sowing date was earlier. The results suggested that it would be possible to utilize the sugar crops as bio-energy resources using improved cultural methods and effective fermentation techniques.
Occurrence of Volunteer Rice Plants at Paddy Field Harvested with Combine
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 36, issue 4, 1991, Pages 305~309
This experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of shattered grain by combine harvesting at the previous year on rice plant emergence at different planting methods and plant characteristics, The results are follows : Combine harvesting greatly influence on shattered grain of Samgangbyeo as Tongil variety (49.5kg/10a) compared to that of Nagdongbyeo as Japonica variety(27.8kg/10a), while Nagdong-byeo showed higher germination rate than Samgangbyeo, whether transplanted and direct seeded. Emergence of volunteer and seed mixture were lower in transplanted than in direct seeded. In variety test. Japonica variety showed higher emergence of volunteer rice and seed mixture than Tongil variety. Generally, no significant difference in yield components were observed with different varieties by the volunteer rice. But the volunteer rice caused by combine harvesting decreased culm length, panicle length, spikelet number, panicle number and ripening ratio. except l000-grain weights.
Variation in Chromosome Number in Early Generation from Cross between Hexaploid Triticale(X Triticosecale Wittmack) and Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 36, issue 4, 1991, Pages 310~318
This experiment was carried out to obtain the information on the variation of chromosome number in pollen mother cell (PMC) and somatic cell of the progeny from the cross between hexaploid triticale cv. Sinkihomil and five hexaploid wheat varieties. The results were summarized as follows: Number of uni-, bi- and tri-valent in PMC was 11.9, 14.4 and 0.44, respectively, in the F
between triticale and wheat. Significant positive correlation between the pollen fertility and seed set rate, pollen fertility and bivalent number of PMC, and seed set rate and bivalent number of PMC, and negative correlation between pollen fertility and uni-or tri-valent of PMC in the cross between triticale and wheat were detected. F
(crossed seed) had 42 chromosomes, F
showed high frequency of hyperploid (42-49) and F
showed high frequency of hypoploid (36- 42), which suggest non-random segregation for somatic chromosome number. in the cross between the triticale and wheat.
Relationship Between Lodging-Related Characteristics and Field Lodging in Rice
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 36, issue 4, 1991, Pages 319~323
To determine how closely related to field lodging for several characters affecting the field lodging for several characters affecting field lodging, and to obtain the basic information for selection of lodging resistance genotype, an experiment was conducted with 10 varieties from May to Oct., 1990 at the experimental field in Sunchon Xational University. Culm length, dry weight per unit culm length (W/1), bending moment per unit culm diameter (W1/d), lodging index (L), bending load ratio (W1/P), and index of critical lodging load(W
) were the most closely related characters to field lodging. Culm length showed highly significant positive correlation coefficient with field lodging(r=0.7607), but it may be undesirable to judge lodging resistance of genotype by culm length itself without consideration of culm stiffness. Considering the difficulty and time-consuming to measure the character, clum length, W/1, W1/d, and W
were easy to measure and hence would be the most useful variables to judge the lodging resistance of genotype. Culm diameter, cross sectional area of culm, thickness of culm wall, and the second inertia moment of cross section of culm were not correlated with field lodging at all. Breaking strength of culm showed significantly negative correlation coefficient (r=-0.3986) with field lodging.ing.
Seedling Establishment and Yield of Direct Subsurface Seeded Rice as Influenced by
Coating and Seeding Rates
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 36, issue 4, 1991, Pages 324~331
To establish the direct seeding cultivation method in rice (Oryza sativa L.). direct subsurface seeding with different oxygen suppliers and seeding rates was conducted from May to Oct. 1989. at the experimental field of Suncheon National University. In direct subsurface seeding. calcium peroxide enhanced the ratio of seedling establishment. However. as number of plants per unit area increased. the occurrence of field lodging became progressively severe. so that the enhanced seedling establishment did not increase the yield. The optimal seeding rate and the number of sowing seeds per equally spaced spot were estimated to be 3.3Kg seeds/l0a and 3 seeds per spot with CaO
-coated seeds. and 5.6Kg/10a and 5 seeds per spot with uncoated seeds. respectively, According to the results from the path coefficient analysis. percent of filled spikelets was identified to be the most influential variables on the variability in brown rice yield. so that improving percent of filled spikelets by inhibition of field lodging was the most important matter to increase the yield.
Effects of 23-years Successive Application of N, P, K and Organic Matter on Rice Yield and Quality
Jong-Hoon Lee ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 36, issue 4, 1991, Pages 332~339
Effects of Planting Density and Fertilizer Level on Agronomic Characteristics and Yield of Solanum njgrum L.
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 36, issue 4, 1991, Pages 340~344
This study was investigated to find out the optimum planting densities fo Solanum njrum L. about growth characters. yield components and yield at 6 planting densities by direct sowing culture. The results obtained are summarized as follows: Studying the correlationship. the highly negative significances were found between planting densities and fresh eights weights per plant, on the other hand, the highly positive significances were found between planting densities and plant height. Plant height was long in dense planting, and short in spacious planting by direct sowing culture. Stem diameter was thick in spacious planting. and was thin in dense planting. Fresh wt. per plant was decreased in dense planting and was increased in spacious planting by direct sowing culture. Yield was highest in dense planting densities (10 x 20cm : 50plants/
) by direct sowing culture. Fertilizing ((N： P
O=6 : 6 : 6Kg/10a) was increased than without fertilizing because plant height and number of branch was good.d.
Effect of Drying Temperature of Rough Rice on Grain and Eating Quality
;Eun-Woong Lee;Yong-Woong Kwon;Jeon-Woo Bang;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 36, issue 4, 1991, Pages 345~350
Rough rice samples of Chucheongbyeo, Bongkwangbyeo and Hwaseongbyeo were collected by the National Agricultural Products Inspection Office. Drying methods of rough rice were sun drying and forced ventilation drying by an oven dryer and temperature of the oven dryer was set to 43, 60, 70, or 8
. Moisture content of samples was reduced from ca. 20% to 15% at the end of drying, and additionally to 12.5 % for the drying at 8
. Characteristics related to rice grain quality, milling recovery, ratio of broken and cracked rices, percentage of germination, and sensory scores of the cooked rices were evaluated. Yielding percentage of brown rice and polished rice remarkably decreased by drying at 8
. Percentages of cracked rice and broken rice were within the criterion of the second grade government brown rice (20%) only in the sun dried and the rices dried at 43
, on the basis of damaged rice, opaque kernel rice and colored rice. Broken rice percentage of the polished rice was within the criterion for the standard of government rice (5%) in the sun dried and the rices dried at 43
. Germination percentage of rough rice was higher than 80% in sun drying and drying at 43
, but remarkably decreased by drying rice at 6
and over. Sensory palatability of the cooked rice decreased with increase in drying temperature. The present governmental method of judging rough rice on the basis of moisture content and appearance of the rough rice appears to be improved to include the ratio of broken and cracked rices.
Changes in Palatability of Cooked Rice by Blending High Quality Rice or Glutinous Rice to Low Quality Rice and by Blending Rice of Different Varieties
Yong-Woong Kwon ; Je-Cheon Chae ; Jeon-Woo Bang ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 36, issue 4, 1991, Pages 351~359
Demand for the rice of better eating quality is ever increasing in recent years. However. the rice is presently handled by the government and merchants as mixture of the rice of different varieties from the purchase of the rough rice to storing and milling. It is well known that the eating quality of rice varies significantly by variety. The present study aimed at evaluation of the effect of blending different rices on the change in palatability of low and high eating quality rices. The eating quality of a low quality japonica rice was improved significantly on sensory panel test by blending it with the Dongjin rice. one of the highest eating quality. only when the Dongjin was blended to 80 percent by weight. and also it was same for blending an ordinary quality rice of mixed varieties which has been stored by a governmental storehouse with a top class rice on free market. The eating quality of aged Tongil type rice. produce of 1987 and 1989 and a mixture of varieties, was improved significantly by blending it with a high quality glutinous rice on market to 20 per cent by weight. But Samgang rice. a high eating quality Tongil type variety. and an ordinary quality rice of Japonica varieties were not significantly improved by blending them with the glutinous rice by 20 per cent. Blending rices of the variety Nagdong. ordinary quality among varieties and low quality among Japonicas, Chucheong, a high quality rice among Japonicas. and Dongjin. one of the best eating quality rice among Japonicas, each other in different ratios did not affect significantly the sensory scores.
Effects of Mechanized Seeding on Growth and Yield of Sorghum -Sudangrass Hybrid
Jae-Seok Chae ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 36, issue 4, 1991, Pages 360~365
This experiment was conducted to determine mechanized seeding ability of barley drill seeder on the seeding time, growth and yield of sorghum-sudangrass hybrid. The time required for machine drill seeding was 42 minutes per l0a which was one-thirteenth of the time required by the manual drill seeding, and percentage of seedling establishment by machine drill seeding was better than that of manual drill seeding. Leaf area index in seeding rate with 30 x 5cm and 40 x 5cm of machine drill seeding was higher than those of manual drill seeding, the leaf distribution was better and the total nonstructural carbohydrate content of stubble after cutting was short increased than that of manual drill seeding, Content of feed composition was not significantly different between manual and machine drill seeding. At seeding rate of 40 x 5cm of machine seeding. dry matter and TDN yield were increased to 29% and 30% respectiyely, than those of manual drill seeding.
Nutritional Composition of Rice with Embryo Part, Obongbyeo
Young-Sang Kim ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 36, issue 4, 1991, Pages 366~369
This study was carried out to find out the properties of rice grain with embryo part. Obong-byeo. The embryo part on the rice remained by 96.7% in Obongbyeo after complete removal of the brans by common milling method. In nutritional composition. the content of lipid. vitamin B
and niacin were greater in Obongbyeo than Nagdongbyeo as a check variety. In particular. the contents of vitamin B
and niacin were about 1,5 times higher. Increased weight and feed effect of rat raising with milled rice were 107 and 172% in Obongbyeo and 101 and 125% in Nagdongbyeo. respectively. Eating quality of Obongbyeo was better than Nagdongbyeo.
Transition of Rice Cultural Practices during Chosun Dynasty through Old References. III. Differentiation of Rice Varieties in the Dynasty
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 36, issue 4, 1991, Pages 370~381
In Nongsajiksul, rice varieties were not appeared but varieties groups were introduced and divided according to growth periods, or 'Sun, Gang, Na'or introduced names of some of local varieties. However, the weather conditions for rice culture in Korea were characterized by 'early drought and late flooding', and winds and rains in summer, so that rice safe harvest by avoiding these disasters was the most important. Thus, development of rice varieties after the 15th century has gradually been adapted for ‘early-seeding and early-harvesting’, and for disaster tolerance. With time, rice varieties, which were early maturing, had awned, had color on panicles, had tolerance for grain shattering, had tolerance for winds, and had good responses to fertilizers, were grown in large areas.rown in large areas.