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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Crop Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 37, Issue 6 - Dec 1992
Volume 37, Issue 5 - Oct 1992
Volume 37, Issue 4 - Aug 1992
Volume 37, Issue 3 - Jun 1992
Volume 37, Issue 2 - Apr 1992
Volume 37, Issue 1 - Feb 1992
Selecting the target year
Cation Content of Salt-Tolerant and -Susceptible Cultivars and Its Inheritance in Rice
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 37, issue 1, 1992, Pages 1~8
This study was conducted to obtain the basic information on salt-tolerance of rice cultivars in relations with growth retardation and cation content. As the salt-level increased, less retardation in plant height and dry weight were shown in salt-tolerant than salt-susceptible rice cultivars. Salt tolerant cultivars showed lower N
content and lower N
ratio at each salt-levels than salt-susceptible ones, while there were no significant differences in
content. At the tillering stage, the plant height and dry weight of the salt-treated plots were significantly correlated with N
content and N
ratio, implying that N
content could be an indicator of salt-tolerance of a rice cultivar. There were no tiller-depending differences in cation content in all cultivars. N
content and N
ratio in leaves were lower at the top and higher at the bottom. In three
hybrids between salt tolerant parent Pokkali and three salt susceptible parents, plant height, dry weight,
content and N
ratio were similar to those of Pokkali parent, while N
content was intermediate of the parents. So, it seemed that salt tolerance is dominant over salt susceptibility. In
of Pokkali/wx817 cross, genetic segregation of plant height, dry weight,
content and N
ratio varied continuously and was biased onto Pokkali side, while that of N
content showed normal distribution with intermediate mode. Broad-sense heritability of the characters ranged from 0. 604 to 0. 811. Genotypic and phenotypic correlation coefficients among them were relatively high.fficients among them were relatively high.h.h.
Lodging and Yield of Direct Surface Seeded Rice as Influenced by N Levels, PP333 Treatments, and Seeding Rates
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 37, issue 1, 1992, Pages 9~15
To establish the method of direct seeding cultivation in rice (Oryza sativa L.), direct surface seeding with treatments of N application rate, application of growth regulator(PP333), and seeding rate were conducted from May to Oct., 1989 at the experimental field of Sunchon National University. There were no significant differences among treatment means of N application rates, and seeding rates, which seemed to be due to severe occurrence of field lodging. Application of PP333 reduced culm length by 3-4m, but it did not affect the occurrence of lodging. The optimal seeding rate to maximize the number of spikelets per unit area was estimated to be 6kg seed /10a. To obtain stable yield in cultivation of direct surface seeded rice in submerged paddy field, it was necessary to reduce occurrence of field lodging through breeding of lodging resistance genotypes rather than cultural practices.
Nodulation and Early Growth of Supernodulating Mutants in Soybean
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 37, issue 1, 1992, Pages 16~21
Increase in nodulation and nitrogen fixation was achieved partly through the isolation of supernodulating soybean mutant plants. This experiment was conducted to compare nodulation, nitrogen fixation, and early growth characters of wild type 'Bragg' with those of its supernodulating soybean mutant, 'nts 382' and 'nts 246'. At 31 days after planting, nodule dry weight of nts mutants was 2.5 to 3.7 times greater than that of Bragg. Higher nodulation of nts mutants showed the reduced top growth, indicating that photosynthates might be translocated and used for nodule growth attached to the root system. Total acetylene reduction activity was higher in nts mutants than Bragg, whereas specific acetylene reduction activity of nts mutant was the half of that of Bragg. Mixture of nts mutants and Bragg did not affect nodulation characters each other, suggesting that factors affecting supernodulating characters exist inside rather than outside the root system.
Fertilizer and Row-spacing Effects on Growth and Yields in Amorphophallus konjac K.
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 37, issue 1, 1992, Pages 22~27
This study was conducted to select an excellent goods and to estabilish the plant density of Amorphohpallus konjac. K about 3 local varieties and 2 introduced varieties through each fertilizer level. 1. Plant height and leaf width were increased according to increasing fertilizer level, and tuber yield was the highest at N-P
O (14-10-14kg) per 10a as 390kg in Geumsan. 2. The more tuber size was large, the more yields per plant due to increasing the plant height and leaf width at low densities, while yields per 10a was decreased. 3. Among 5 varieties used, Jechon cultivar was good as a propagating variety because of increasing number of tuber and bulblet and Japan cultivar was high tuber yield per 10a.
Varietal Variation of Alkali Digestion Value and Its Relationship with Gelatinization Temperature and Water Absorption Rate of Milled Rice Grain
Kwang-Ho Kim ;
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 37, issue 1, 1992, Pages 28~36
Fifty rice varieties were tested for alkali digestibility of milled rice grain at four different KOH levels, and twenty-four varieties selected were tested again for alkali digestibility at different degrading times and KOH levels. Gelatinization rate at several heating times and heating temperatures, and water absorption rate at 21
water temperatures were observed using rice samples of twenty-four varieties to clarify the relationship between alkali digestibility response, gelatinization rate and water absorption rate. Varietal difference of ADV in Japonica and Tongil tye rices was biggest at KOH 1.2%, but it was better to test at KOH 1.2% and 1.4% levels to know the exact alkali digestibility response of rice varieties. Rice varieties tested could be classified into three groups, low, intermediate and high, based on their alkali digestibility response at four KOH levels, and most of Korean cultivated rice varieties were belonged to intermediate or high ADV group. Varietal variation was also found in alkali degrading response at different soaking times in alkali solution. Low ADV varietal group showed higher gelatinization temperature and needed longer heating time for complete gelatinization compared with intermediate or high ADV group. Same trends was found between intermediate and high ADV groups, but varietal variation in the same ADV group was also found in gelatinization temperature and heating time needed for complete gelatinization of rice grain. Water absorption rate of low ADV group was lower than intermediate or high ADV group both at 21
water temperatures, and intermediate ADV group showed lower absorption rate than high ADV group only in initial water absorption stage at 21
Germinability during Overwintering, Field Emergence, and Growth of Shattered Rice Seeds on Paddy Field
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 37, issue 1, 1992, Pages 37~44
Germinability, electrophoretic variation of protein of shattered seeds during overwintering and characteristic of main agronomic traits of off-type rice plant occurring in paddy field harvested by combine were investigated. Germinability of shattered seed decreased as time goes in paddy field in both Japonica and Tongil type varieties. Electrophoretic protein bands become more and more light as time goes. Occurrence of off-type rice plant was higher in Japonica varieties than in Tongil type varieties. Off-type rice plant was shorter in plant height, leaf length, tiller number per hill, internode length, panicle length and spike let number per panicle. Germinability of seeds of off-type rice plant as not significantly different compared to the control variety. Yield of off-type plants of Japonica varieties was on average 5.1kg / 10a and that of Tongil type varieties was on average 0.9kg /10a. Mixing ratio to the control variety was about 0.7% in Japonica varieties and that of Tongil type varieties was about 0.1%.
Characteristics of Photosynthesis and Dry Matter Accumulation in Japonica and Tongil type Rice
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 37, issue 1, 1992, Pages 45~53
This studies were conducted to investigate the physiological characteristics of photosynthesis and dry matter accmulation of 2 Tongil type and 2 Japonica type varieties under different temperature and light intensity condition. Photosynthetic activities were lower in Tongil type varieties than Japonica type at low temperature(17
), but higher in Tongil type varieties at high temperature in each growth stages. The degradation rate of photosynthesis was higher in Tongil type varieties than Japonica type varieties at low temperature and Tongil type varieties were showed high photosynthetic activities at high temperature (
). Specific Leaf Area in each growth stages were the highest at tillering and increased from panicle formation stage to heading stage. The ratio of respiration to photosynthesis (R /P
200) into upper three leaves were significantly high in third leaf and showed same slope in each varieties. CGR, NAR were higher in Tongil type varieties than Japonica type varieties and yields, havesting index were showed high in Tongil type varieties.
Influences of PE Film Mulching and Planting Density on Growth and Yield of Sickle Senna(Cassia tara L.)
Jung-Il Lee ;
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 37, issue 1, 1992, Pages 54~58
In order to determine the optimum planting density of Sickle Senna (Cassia tora L.), agronomic characters, yield components and grain yield were investigated under vinyl mulching and non -mulching condition. The characters, stem length, stem diameter, number of branches, number of pods per plant, number of pods per m
, and number of grains per pod, etc., were excellent under the vinyl mulching condition, and number of pods per m
was the highest in 60
15cm planting space under vinyl mulching or non-mulching. Both of the weight of 100 grains and grain yield were also higher under the vinylmulching condition, and grain yield was the most excellent in 60
15cm planting space under the vinlymulching, or non-mulching. Under the vinyl mulching and non-mulching, the analysis of variance for agronomic characters following the difference of planting density, were acknowledged to be worth of attention.
Minimum Raising Duration of Infant Rice Seedling for Machine Transplanting
Moon-Hee Lee ;
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 37, issue 1, 1992, Pages 59~67
The duration of raising seedling of infant rice seedling(IRS) in machine transplanting is 8 to 10 days. This experiment was conducted to investigate the minimum duration of IRS's raising seedling and its method by the combination of several treatments such as plant growth regulator, root-break-seat and temperature. The rice seeds of Hwaseongbyeo was soaked in the solution of metalaxyl for 24 hours at room temperature. Metalaxyl (25% wettable powder), a fungicide, was used in 1, 000 times dilution as a promting substance on the root-mat formation of IRS. The application of fungicide in the nursery soil for the controlling of damping-off and physiologyical seedling rot was omitted due to the metalaxyl seed-soaking treatment. Seeding rate was 220g per seed tray (30
3cm). To promote the root-mat formation of IRS, the sheets of polyethylene vinyl and absorptive paper were placed bottom the seed tray. The root-mat formation of IRS was promoted at higher temperature and longer duration of raising seedling. The metalaxyl-treated seeds markedly increased the root length and rooting activity of IRS as compared with the control, thus the root-mat formation was excellent. The absorptive paper with polyethylene vinyl as root-break-seat showed a better root-mat formation compared with control, polyethylene vinyl, alone. The minimum duration of raising seedling of IRS was 5 days after sowing based on the root-mat formation and seedling height under the condition of metalaxyl seed treatment, absorptive paper with polyethylene vinyl as a root-break-seat and the raising seedling temperature 30/2
Effects of Seed Size, Temperature and GA Treatment on Hypocotyl Elongation in Soybean
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 37, issue 1, 1992, Pages 68~77
The present experiments were conducted to investigate the variability of hypocotyl elongation among the major soybean varieties by checking several conditions. The results obtained are summarized as follows. The rate of hypocotyl elongation is the highest during the day from 3.0 to 3.5 after seeding. It follows that it may be reasonable to evaluate the hypocotyl elongation of soybean seeds by comparison of hypocotyl length. And the tested 15 major cultivars could be classified as follow ; long ; Eunhakong, Janggyungkong and Bokwangkong, medium ; Namhekong, Dangyung-kong, Danyubkong, Milyangkong, Dugyukong, Paldalkong, Mangunjoseng, Namchunkong and Seal kong, short ; Gwanggyo, Begunkong and Jangbegkong. The hypocotyl elongation in small seed is longer than large seed. Correlation coefficients(r) for the relationships between 100 seed weight and hypocotyl elongation is -0.2506
. As the rising temperature, the hypocotyl length is elongated, and longest at the range of 30 to 35
. The effects G
hastened the hypocotyl elongation of soybean seed, and ABA, Kinetin and BA inhibit it, and that of those in short hypocotyl cultivars are higher than long hypocotyl cultivars. Hypocotyl length of long hypocotyl cultivars are longer than that of short hypocotyl cultivars under high temperature pre -treatment.t.
Analysis of Lodging Related Characteristics in Rice Plants
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 37, issue 1, 1992, Pages 78~85
This experiment was carried out to investigate the heritabilities, phenotypic correlation, genetic correlation and path-coefficients for desirable characters on the lodging related traits. Characters, that had high relation degree with field lodging degree, were rice-straw length, Wl /P, W/I, Wl /d, L, Wl / A, W/l, P, W
etc. Breaking strength appear negative correlation having an intention to field lodging. The second inertia moment of culm diameter trunk (branch), cross section area, rice-straw thickness and trunk cross section didn't appear negative coefficient with field lodging. It is considered that rice-straw length, leaf dry weight and lodging index, because of high heritability, become selection index of characters for breeding. In direct, indirect effect, and right rice-straw wall thickness appear largest(
=0.6904), the next is the order of leaf dry weight(
=0.2848), root dry weight (
=0.2658), culm diameter (
=-0.2280), and negative relation appear the order of rice-straw length (
=-0.9640) and stem dry weight(
=-0.7072), therefore, the smaller culm length and stem dry weight, the stronger to lodging. to lodging.
Vegetable Value and Productivity of Buckwheat Seedlings
Choi, Byung-Han ; Park, Keun-Yong ; Park, Rae-Kyeong ;
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 37, issue 1, 1992, Pages 86~92
Green buckwheat seedlings have been used as a pollution free vegetable and medicinal crop for a long time. Some of the reasons are the rapid growth rate, the high protein and rutincontent, and a more favorable ratio of leaf to stem than mature plants. Off-crop season cultivation techniques were developed for growing the young and green buckwheat vegetable of higher quality and yield, and for its increased value-added income. The effects of planting season, seeding rate, seed bed soil fertility and type, and seedling growth period on yield and rutin content were determined for vegetable and medicinal use. The young vegetable yields. in the off season culture ranged from 2.62t/ha to 22.7t /ha. The highest vegetable yield was 22.7t /ha for 25 days old seedlings grown in the polyethylene film tunnel from March 30 to April 25, 1991 where seedling rate was 360kg /ha. Buckwheat vegetable quality and income were dependent upon planting season, seeding rate, growing duration and temperature, and facilities of raising seedlings. Protein content of buck-wheat seedlings was from 21.5% to 17.2%. Rutin content of the vegetable was 53.9～31.7mg /100g for the whole plant in average. The protein and rutin content was significantly varied due to the different environmental conditions including fertility and type of seed bed soil, growing duration, temperature of the green house, and polyethylene film house and tunnel.
Effects of Sowing Date on Grain Filling and Related Traits in Winter Barley
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 37, issue 1, 1992, Pages 93~103
Experiments were conducted in the research field of the Wheat and Barley Research Institute with three barley cultivars, Olbori, Kangbori and Suwon 18, which showed different growth characteristics. The highest rates of daily dry matter accumulation in grains were 1.03 1.94 mg / grain / day in early and optimum sowings and 0.88 1.88 mg / grain / day in late sowings, which occurred around 20～30 days after heading in early and optimum sowings and 15～20 days after heading in late sowings. Grains reached their maximum weight by 40 days after heading in early and optimum sowings and 35 days after heading in late sowings. Total sugar content in grains followed a pattern of linear increase immediately after heading, but it started to decrease around 20 days after heading. On the other hand, starch content continued to increase until maturity. The contents of both components were high in the order of ＆apos;Olbori＆apos; ＆gt; ＆apos;Kangbori＆apos; ＆gt; ＆apos;Suwon 18＆apos;, but they did not respond in a regular pattern to different sowings. 1,000 grain weight showed highly significant positive correlation(r=0.767
) with the duration of grain growth, but it had negative correlations with the average (r=-0.548
) or the sum (r=-0.595
) of post-anthesis daily mean temperature.ature.
Transition of Rice Culture Practices during Chosun Dynasty through Old References V. Cultivation and Cropping Patterns
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 37, issue 1, 1992, Pages 104~115
The rice culture techniques included 'Jodosukyungbeob'(旱稻水耕法 : culture techniques of early-ripening paddy rice), 'Mandosukyungbeob' (晩稻水耕法) : culture techniques of late-Ripening paddy rice 'Handobeob'(旱稻＆lt;山稻＆gt;法 : culture techniques of upland rice), 'Myojongbeob'(苗種法 : culture techniques of paddy rice by transplanting), 'Kunangbeob'(乾秧法 : culture techniques of rice by transplanting which rears seeding in dry paddy) and 'Sudogunpanongbeob'(水稻乾播農法 : culture techniques of paddy rice seeding in dry field). Especially, 'Kunangbeob' and 'Sudogunpanongbeob' were originally developed in Korea as seen in 1600s(Kyoungje : 經濟) and early 1800s (Yoji : 要旨). In 'Jodosukyungbeob' it took 9 days for seed dipping, water-sprouting and prevent damage by birds, each for 3 days in China, but in Korea seed dipping in water took 3 days and the rest of the procedures were flexibly established. In matured soils, practices were fall plowing right after harvest, recognition of effective tillering and additional fertilization use of human manure, and stimulation of sprouting by lime application. The unique culture techniques adequate for Korean situations were practiced, which included weed control after draining accurately for 3 to 4 times, draining at mid season for improving wind and drought tolerance, rice harvesting at appropriate time for preventing grain shattering, and seeding in rows. 'Mandosukyungbeob' was improved techniques contrast to those of China, and the major contents were selection of proper varieties, good stand establishment by seeding high rates, induction of vigorous tillers, and adoption of 'Jokjongbeob'(足種法 : seeding method by foot). Also, one of the most prominent rice cultures by our ancestors was 'Kunpanongbeob' that was systemized form habitual practice of Pyongan Province. The unique technique actualized was 'Hando [旱稻(山稻)]' culture technique which was the combinations of 'Jokjongbeob', root stimulation method, and disaster-tolerant mixture cropping with adoptation of variety theory, although it was originated from China. The transplanting techniques has come before 'Jikseol'(
) and its merits were sufficiently realized. However, this method was basically prohibited from the early Chosun dynasty because extremely bad harvest was expected under drought conditions and insufficient conditions of water storage. But, it was permitted in the areas that contained water all the times and in case of large-scale farming especially. Most of rice culture was transplanted in the end of the Chosun dynasty because transplanting was continuously spreaded in the three southern provinces of Korea. Under these circumstances, transplanting technique was improved from the early to the end of the Chosun dynasty by weed control, fertilizing, water management, and quadratic transplanting. Based on these techniques, agricultural productivity was improved 5 times by that time. 'Kunpanongbeob' was created and developed properly for Korean conditions that is dry in early season and flooding in late season. This was successively developed and established into transplanting technique of nursery seedling.