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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Crop Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Crop Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 37, Issue 6 - Dec 1992
Volume 37, Issue 5 - Oct 1992
Volume 37, Issue 4 - Aug 1992
Volume 37, Issue 3 - Jun 1992
Volume 37, Issue 2 - Apr 1992
Volume 37, Issue 1 - Feb 1992
Selecting the target year
Crossability, Variation in Chromosome Number, and Agronomic Characters in Hybrid of Hexaploid Triticale with Tetraploid Rye
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 37, issue 4, 1992, Pages 305~312
This experiment was carried out to investigate seed set, variation in chromosome number, and agronomic characteristics of the progeny in the cross between hexaploid triticale variety, Sinkihomil(P
) and tetraploid rye variety, Dooroohomil(P
). Seed set rate obtained was 30.5% in the cross of Sinkihomil with Dooroohomil, whereas 3.26% in reciprocal cross using Dooroohomil as female. Alsoseed set was 8.75% in F
, 7.20% in F
, and 1.53% in F
, respectively. Germination rate of crossed seed was 37% in cross of P
, 39.0% in F
), 50% in F
) and 43.0% in F
), and 1,000 grain wight was 20.7g in the cross of P
, which have 41.9g and 47.7g, respectively, 24.5g in F
, 23.6g in F
, and 24.5g in F
, respectively. In pollen fertility of F
plant, 69.8% turned out to be abnormal or sterile pollen grains, whereas 30.2% was fertile or normal. In meiosis of pollen mother cell of F
plant, 13.5 univalents, 8.89 bivalent and 1.24 trivalent were appeared. Somatic chromosome number of 35 in F
, both 32 to 33 and 35 to 36 in F
, 35 to 39 in BC
and 28 to 36 in BC
which mean producing female gamate was 14 to 18 chromosome in PMC of F
plant. Rate of fertile plant turned out to be 100% in F
, 4.5% in F
, 42.9% in BC
, and 50.0% in BC
, respectively. Number of seed set per spike appeared to be 1.17 in F
plant, 13.3 in F
, 2.36 in BC
, and 3.75 in BC
, respectively. Days to heading of F
was intermediate, but F
was later than both parents. Plant height of F
was shorter than both parent, but F
, longer than both parents.
Effects of Water Stress on Leaf Orientation, Apparent Photosynthetic Rate, Transpiration Rate, Yield and Its Related Traits in Soybean Plants
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 37, issue 4, 1992, Pages 313~319
To investigate effects of water stress on apparent photosynthetic, transpiration rates, leaf orientation, yield and its related traits, four soybean varieties were planted on the Wagner pots in a plastic house covered with polyethylene film. As the light intensity and leaf temperature in a day increased, the movement of central leaflet in the second leaf of main stem occurred earlier than that of the lateral leaflet. The apparent photosynthetic rate of the central leaflet was higher than that of the lateral leaflet, but light intercept and leaf temperature of lateral leaflet were higher than those of the central leaflet. The apparent photosynthetic rate had highly positive correlation with the photon flux density, stomatal conductance and temperature, respectively. The photon flux density, stomatal conductance, transpiration and photosynthetic rates in the control were significantly higher than those in the water stress plot. The yield and its related traits in the water stress plot became decreased significantly in comparison with the control.
Effects of Climatic Elements on Soybean Yields
E-Hun Kim ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 37, issue 4, 1992, Pages 320~328
The soybean yield forcasting models based on climatic elements in six locations were estimated by the STEPWISE/MAXR, Cp statistics and GLM procedure of SAS. The climatic elements were aerial temperature, sunshine hours and precipitation from May to October in 20 years. The investigated six locations were Chunchon, Suwon, Cheongju, Kwangju, Iri and Jinju. The important climatic elements for main effects in Chunchon model were August sunshine hours-linear term, August precipitation-quadratic. June temperature to August precipitation and May temperature to August precipitation were interaction terms. The quadratic August precipitation was assumed to be related to yield in Chunchon. The main effects of Suwon were linear-June temperature, quadratic June sunshine hours and June precipitation. These terms affected yields negatively. The main effects of Cheongju were linear June temperature and quadratic August precipitation. May temperature to June precipitation, July to August precipitations were interactions. The main effects of Kwangju were linear July precipitation, quadratic June temperature and July precipitation. June to July sunshine hours of interaction terms influenced yield negatively. The main effects of Iri were linear May sunshine hours, quadratic May and July sunshine hours. May temperature to May precipitation and June to July precipitations affected yields negatively. The main effects of Jinju were linear June and August precipitations. August temperature to August sunshine hours, June sunshine hours to July precipitation and June to August precipitation were interactions. In linear terms, June and August precipitations and, in interactions, August to August sunshine hours were negative efficacies respectively. The included year variables in Chunchon, Suwon, Kwangju, and Jinju model building were recognized as a linear trend based on an assumption that the technological factors have improved through times.
Growth and Yield as Affected by Polyethylene Film Mulching and Fertilizer Levels in Cassia tora L.
Jung-Il Lee ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 37, issue 4, 1992, Pages 329~334
In order to obtain basic informations on establishment of culture system for Cassia tora L. in the southern part of Korea, under vinyl mulching and non mulching conditions, the characters of growth and yield following the difference of fertilization quantity were investigated. All characters, stem length, stem diameter, number of branches, number of pods per plant, pod length, and number of grains per pod, etc., were excellent under the vinyl mulching condition, and of these growth characters, stem diameter, number of pods per plant, and number of grains per pod, etc. were most excellent in the district of N-P
O=8-6-6Kg /10a. Weight of 1000 grains and seed yield were also high under the vinyl mulching condition, and starting form the district of fertilization quantity N- P
O=8-6-6Kg /10a, the districts of increasing or decreasing fertilizer tended to be less yield. Also under the vinyl mulching and non mulching, the dispersive analyses of useful characters following the difference of fertilization quantity, were acknowledged to be worth of attention.
Effects of Row Spacing on Growth and Yield of Mungbean
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 37, issue 4, 1992, Pages 335~338
A Cheju-leading mungbean cultivar Seonhwanogdu was seeded at 20, 30, 40, 50 and 60cm row width with within-row plant spacing of 10cm in mid-June of 1988 to 1990 to determine effects of row width on growth and seed yield of mungbean in Cheju area. Initial flowering and maturing dates were not influenced by the row width. Stem length, pods per plant, seeds per pod, 1000-seed weight linearly decreased as row width decreased because planting density increased. The relationship between seed yield and row width was quadratic, and the optimum row width with within-row plant spacing of 10cm for higher yield of mungbean was 40cm in Cheju.
Effects of Reciprocal Grafting between Varieties on Growth and Yield in Soybeans
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 37, issue 4, 1992, Pages 339~346
Self-and reciprocal-graftings were made between soybean varieties(cv.Hwangkeumkong, Paldalkong, Bokwangkong and Jangkyongkong) to assertain the relative role of shoot and root in soybean growth and yield determination. The influence of grafting per se on plant height and leaf number on main stem were negligible as evidenced by the insignificant differences between self-and reciprocal-graftings. The effect of grafting on flowering was different between different set of varieties grafted reciprocally. Self grafting delayed flowering 2 days and reciprocal grafting delayed another 2 days, in general. The effects of grafting on dry weights of different plant parts except pod were also insignificant. Reciprocal grafting increased pod dry weight in Hwangkeumkong and Paldalkong regardless whether they were used as scion or stock. Reciporcal grafting also influenced dry weights of Bokwangkong and Jangkyongkong significantly, but the response was different from those of Hwangkeumkong or Paldalkong. Jangkyongkong, when used as stock, decreased total dry weight of Bokwangkong significantly through the reduction of pod and stem dry weights. Stem diameter was increased by grafting, however, grafting decreased number of branches in all varieties. The average yields of self-and reciprocal-grafting were decreased by 11% and 24%, respectively, comparing to that of non-grafting, while average yield of reciprocal grafting was 14% lower than that of self grafting. Stem weight of grafted soybeans was decreased by 29-32% comparing to that of non-grafted soybeans, but the difference between self and reciprocal graftings was negligible. The genetic characteristics of scion was found to be more important than those of stock in determination of yield and stem weight. It was also indicated that varieties and characteristics are different in response to grafting.
Effect of Cultural Practice and Harvest Time on Yield Components of Peanut
Jeong-Hae Oh ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 37, issue 4, 1992, Pages 347~354
Late harvest in peanut has often resulted in reduced yield and dissipation of labor by virtue of increasing over-matured pods causing the pod shattering. Present study was conducted to obtain a basic information for deciding optimum harvest time of the peanut in Chungbuk province by examination of yield components at different harvest time of leading cultivars Saedl and Youngho cultivated with vinyl mulching or non-mulching conditions. Peg number and pod number were significantly increased by vinyl mulching and also significantly different by the harvest time. Pod number increased with the lapse of days after flowering was gradually decreased from 100 days after flowering in saedl and 110 days in Youngho. Number of seed-bearing pods and matured seed percent were significantly increased by vinyl mulching and had tendency to increase with the lapse of days after flowering. There was no significant difference in number of over-matured pods and pod shattering percent between vinyl mulching and non-mulching. They increased drastically in 110 days after flowering in Saedl, but in 120 days after flowering in Youngho, Increase in 100 seed weight by vinyl mulching was statistically nonsignificant in both varieties, however, total seed yield was significantly increased by vinyl mulching, showing maximum yield in 100 days after flowering in the variety Saedl and 110 days in Youngho, respectively, Seed yield was negatively correlated to peg number and positively correlated to pod number, seed-bearing pod number, pod shattering percent, matured seed percent and 100 seed weight, respectively.
Effects of Planting Density and Fertilizer Level on Agronomic Characteristics and Yield of Zingiber mioga ROSC
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 37, issue 4, 1992, Pages 355~360
The experiment was carried out to study the influence of planting densities and fertilizer application levels on some agronomic characters and yield of flower-head in Zingiber mioga ROSC. The results obtained are summarized as follows ; Plant hight was long in dense planting, and short in spacious planting. Stem diameter was thick in spacious planting, and was thin in dense planting. Flower-head weight per plant was decreased in dense planting and was increased in spacious planting. Yield was higher in dense planting densities (10
20 : 50plants /m
20 : 25plant /m
). Fertilizing (N : P
O=15 : 15 : 15kg /10a) was increased than without fertilizing because plant height and number of stem was good.d.
Grain Yield Potential of a Low-Tillering Large Panicle Type in Rice
Kim, Je-Kyu ; B.S., Vergara ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 37, issue 4, 1992, Pages 361~371
For the increase of grain yield potential in rice, a low-tillering large panicled type has been suggested as an ideotype. A low-tillering plant type may have different yield potential and needs different cultural practices from that used in a high-tillering type for the maximum yield. This study was conducted to evaluate the grain yield performances of a low-tillering large panicled rice and high-tillering small panicled rice at different plant spacings, nitrogen(N) levels and seedling numbers per hill. A low-tillering large panicled genotype, IR25588 was compared with a high-tillering small panicled IR58. The grain yield of IR25588 was significantly higher than that of IR58 under a narrow spacing with high N level. The maximum yields of IR58 and IR25588 were reached at about 35,000 and 40,000 spikelets per m
, respectively. The increased grain yield in IR25588 was mainly due to the increase in spikelet number per unit area which is the most precise indicator of grain yield in rice. The optimum spacing for the maximum yield was denser for IR25588 than that for IR58 under high N level. The intra-hill competition of the low-tillering type was lower than that of the high-tillering type. The higher dry matter production and bigger leaf area and culm weight were the main factors for increased grain yield in a low-tillering panicle weight type. Based on the results, the yield potential of a low-tillering panicle weight type was higher than that of a high-tillering panicle number type, especially under a close spacing with high N level.
Effects of Cutting Dates on Hay Production of Italian Ryegrass in Paddy Field
Jae-Seok Chae ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 37, issue 4, 1992, Pages 372~376
This experiment was conducted to determine hay making time on the drying period, hay moisture content, hay loss content, yield and forage quality of Italian ryegrass in paddy field. Plant height increased rapidly from middle of April, and leaf weight rate were 55.6% at April 20 and 18.9% at May 30. Moisture content and loss content of hay were 17.1-20.5% and 10.2-15.0%, respectively, at drying for 4 days from May 10 to May 30. As the growth stage later, crude protein, fat and ash contents reduced, but crude fiber and NFE contents increased. Dry matter and TDN yield at the cutting of May 20 and May 30 increased to 17-18% and 5-11%, respectively, than those of April 20＋May 30.
Quantitative Analysis of Antioxidants in Sesame Seed
Jung-Il Lee ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 37, issue 4, 1992, Pages 377~382
This study was conducted to obtain basic informations on the lignan components from sesame seed. Two major lignans, sesamin and sesamolin, were isolated and identified by means of spectral methods, and quantitative analysis was by HPLC from sesame variety Danbaeggae. Separation was achieved by isocratic elution and reversed phase chromatography Develosil ODS column. The content of the major lignan components were about 0.42% and 0.30% for sesamin and sesamolin, respectively.
Soil Fertility Status of Arableland in Korea and Their Management Practices Required
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 37, issue 4, 1992, Pages 383~396
In order to find out the reasons for the excessive accumulation of certain fertilizer elements in arable land in Korea, which may be a detrimental factor for her sustainable agriculture in the future, total requirement of fertilizers were estimated from the huge number of soil test data obtained throughout the country using the fertilizer requirement models based on the soil analysis data and the concepts of multi nutrient factor balance or starter fertiliazer. The total fertilizer requirements estimated based on the present soil fertility status were much less than those estimated from the suspected cropping area of various crops cultivated depending on the conventional fertilizer recommendation for each crops or the actual amount of fertilizer elements consumed through National Agricultural Cooporative Federation(NACF). The excessive accumulation of certain fertilizer elements in arable land in Korea must be due to excessively high dose of chemical fertilizers as well as those farm wastes such as animal wasts produced unexpectedly in large amounts or crop residues. And it is suggested that the improved fertilizer recommendation must be developed in consideration both with the soil fertility status and the amounts of nutrient removal by each crop, and that the high analyzed complex fertilizers commonly used by farmers must ugently be developed in a form containing low P and K with Mg and slow release type N for the better balanced management practices of soil fertility by farmers arid for their practices of sustainable agriculture.