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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Crop Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Crop Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 37, Issue 6 - Dec 1992
Volume 37, Issue 5 - Oct 1992
Volume 37, Issue 4 - Aug 1992
Volume 37, Issue 3 - Jun 1992
Volume 37, Issue 2 - Apr 1992
Volume 37, Issue 1 - Feb 1992
Selecting the target year
Effect of Salt on Mitotic Cycle in Root Meristem Cells of Rice
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 37, issue 5, 1992, Pages 397~404
The mitotic cycle duration(MCD) and component phase periods of rice(Oryza sativa L.) root meristem cells on the different salt concentrations were investigated by using of tritiated thymidine. The time interval between the maxima of sequential mitotic appearances of marked cells was used as criteria in measuring the MCD of rice. The MCD of rice cultivars 'Seomjinbyeo and Chilseongbyeo' at 0.0%, 0.3%, and 0.6% of salt concentrations appeared the same period as 12hr. The durations of component phase of rice cultivar 'Seomjinbyeo' were the almost same periods at 0.1%, 0.3%, and 0.6% of salt, but in 'Chilseongbyeo' cultivar the G1 and G2 periods were shorter while the S period was longer at 0.3% and 0.6% of salt. Deoxyribonucleic acid(DNA) and protein synthesis were increased while ribonucleic acid(RNA) synthesis was decreased with increasing salt concentrations at Chilseombyeo roots. In Seomjinbyeo roots, DNA and RNA synthesis were decreased while protein synthesis was increased with increasing salt concentrations. These results suggest that DNA, RNA, and protein synthesis may not affect the MCD in rice, but the increase of protein synthesis may be related to the salt tolerance of rice.
Nitrogen Split Application of Direct-seeded Rice in Tillage and No-tillage Systems
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 37, issue 5, 1992, Pages 405~412
Growth characters of dry seeded paddy rice was studied at different levels of nitrogen(N) split application (basal : immediately after irrigation : 2 weeks after irrigation: 25 days before heading: heading stage with 10 : 20 : 30 : 20 : 20%, 20 : 30 : 20 : 20 : 10%, 30 : 40 : 0 : 20 : 10%, and 100% basal of slow release urea) in tillage and no-tillage systems. On May 17 in 1990, 6kg /10a of dry seeds of a breeding line of Milyang 95 was broadcasted and covered with a power tiller. Between tillage and no-tillage systems yield and its components, lodging related characteristics, and contents of cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin of culm base were similar. Leaf area index at heading stage was higher in tillage, but lodging index was lower compared with those in no-tillage plot. Culm length, effective tiller ratio, culm base weight, 1000-grain weight, harvest index in slow release N applied plot were higher compared with those in other N treatments. Grain yield of rice among levels of N split applications was similar in tillage, but it was higher in slow release N applied plot in no-tillage if 1kg /10a of additional N was applied as urea at panicle formation stage. At early growth stage N concentration and N uptake were lower in the slow release N applied plot, but higher after heading stage compared with other N treatments. The number of tillers was lowest in slow release N applied plot during the tillering stage, but the number of panicles per hill was similar to other N treatments.
Effects of Nitrogen Levels and Treatments on Agronomic Characteristics and Yield in Job's Tears(Coix lacryma-Jobi L.)
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 37, issue 5, 1992, Pages 413~418
The higher fertilizer application level and frequency of additional fertilizer increase the higher the growing characters of plant height, No. of leaves, No. of stem per plant, and No. of ears per main stem, etc., appeared. The yield characters of No. of grains per plant, percentage of threshing, weight of 1
, weight of 100 grains and seed yield per 10a appeared high both in used N 14kg, 40% as the basic dressing, 30% as the 1st top dressing, 20% as the 2nd top dressing and 10% as the 3rd top dressing, and in used N 18kg as the total amount of basic dressing. Dispersion analysis showed the difference of significant level according to the interactions, among fertilizer application levels, among fertilizational methods, and between fertilizer application and fertilizational method.
Plant Regeneration from in vitro Tissue Culture of Soybean Seedling
Eun-Hui Hong ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 37, issue 5, 1992, Pages 419~424
To study the capacity of callus and shoot formation on seedling stage in soybean, excised hypocotyl, epicotyl, shoot tip, cotyledonary node and primary leaf were cultured on artificial media (MS and B
medium) supplemented with several hormones. Regeneration of shoots was fairly successful from shoot tip and cotyledonary node tissues in soybean. These shoots could be rooted in vitro through tissue culture technique and transplanted normally into soil. Hypocotyl and epicotyl tissues formed only callus, of which growth and appearance were different according to the kinds of media and additives. A small number of shoots were formed from primary leaf tissues, but they did not develop further.r.
Collection and Evaluation of Korean Red Rices I. Regional Distribution and Seed Characteristics
Hak-Soo SUH ; ; Mun-Hue Heu ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 37, issue 5, 1992, Pages 425~430
This experiment was carried out to collect the Korean red rices and to evaluate them as useful germplasm, 1,113 lines of weedy red rices were collected from farmer's field of the Korean peninsula from 1988 to 1991. The collected red rices were classified into two groups : One was long grain type with length /width ratio of 3.01
0.11 in paddy rice and the other was short grain type with length /width ratio of 2.28
0.12. Among the collected red rices 289 lines were long grain type and 824 lines were short. The red rices of long grain type were distributed in Nagdong and Seomjin river vallies of the southern part of the Korean peninsula, and the short ones were distributed all around of the peninsula. Among the collected long grain type red rices, 90.8% was red and 9.2% was white, and among the short grain type 88.8% was red, 10.6% was brown and 0.6% was white in pericarp color. 9.3% of the long grain type and 30.7% of the short grain type of the Korean red rices reacted to phenol solution. In the short grain type, 4.3% was waxy grained, but no waxy line was found in the long grain type. All the long grained Korean red rice showed easy shattering and no awn, however in the short grained red rices, 85.2% showed easy shattering and 49.6% was awned.
Collection and Evaluation of Korean Red Rices II. Yield Component, Clum and Panicle Length
Hak-Soo SUH ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 37, issue 5, 1992, Pages 431~435
This experiment was carried out to evaluate Korean red rices as useful genetic resource. Semi-wild red rices were collected from farmer's field of the Korean peninsula from 1988 to 1991. The collected red rices were classified into two groups according to length /width ratio of paddy rice and ecological characters. One was long grain red rice and the other was short grain red rice. Those were evaluated in yield components, culm length and panicle length. Mean number of panicles per hill of collected long grain red rices was 21.5 and that of short grain was 11.8. Number of spikelets per panicile of the long and short grain red rices were 86.1 and 108.7, respectively. 1000 grains weight of long grain was 20.1g and that of short grain was 20.2g. Spikelet fertility of long and short grain were 80.4% and 79.4%, respectively. Culm length of long grain was 103.6cm and that of short grain was 94.8cm. Panicle length of long and short grain were 22.1cm and 21.3cm, respectively. Number of panicles per hill, number of spikelets per panicle and culm length were significantly different between the two groups, however no differences, in panicle, length and seed fertility were found between the two groups.
Effects of Fertilizer Levels and Plant Densities on Flowering and Bolling in Cotton
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 37, issue 5, 1992, Pages 436~441
This study was carried out to discuss the influences of the different fertilizer levels and plant densities on the flowering and balling in cotton in Mokpo Branch Station, Crop Experiment Station in 1991. The cotton flowered 67% before Aug. 25 which is the limit date of picked-cotton harvest, and the ratio of flowering for stalk-cut cotton was 30%. The 1.5 times fertilizer levels and the 70cm row density had more flower buds, flowers and bolls per m
than any other treatment plot. The crop growing was bad in dense planting due to the nutrient deficiency. The flowering ratio to flower bud was about 70%, and the balling ratio to flower numbers was about 48%. The bolling ratio was lower in the case of more flower number. The shedding ratio of flower buds was about 30% in average and showed increasing tendency by dense planting. It was observed that the higher ratio of bud shedding tended to accompany with shedding the lower ratio of boll shedding.
Growth and Yield of Direct Seeded Rice in Different Seeding Dates
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 37, issue 5, 1992, Pages 442~448
In order to determine the critical seeding date in dry paddy field at southern plain area of Gyeongbug province, dry seeds of three different rice cultivars was sown April 25 to June 20 at 15 or 10-day intervals. The number of days from seeding to emergence decreased in late seeding date : from 32 days at April 25 to 7 days at June 10 sowing. The number of seedlings showed 121-154 plants per square meter were not much differed among the varieties and seeding dates. Culm length, panicle length and ripened grain ratio decreased in late seeding date, but number of panicles per square meter, 1,000 grain weight and spikelets number per panicle were similar among the seeding dates. The cumulative effective temperature(mean air temperature-15
) from emergence to heading was very constant having 655
in Keomhobyeo, 771
in Donghaebyeo and 801
in Milyang 95, respectively. Grain yield of Dong Haebyeo seeded in June 20 and Milyang 95 seeded in June 10 were much lower compared with other seeding dates and increased green kernel in late seeding date of Donghaebyeo and Milyang 95.
Characteristics of Growth and Yield Characters in Determinate and Indeterminate Soybeans
Eun-Hui Hong ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 37, issue 5, 1992, Pages 449~460
The main purpose of these studies was to obtain the basic informations necessary to develop soybean varieties. Two determinate soybean varieties, Hwangkeumkong and Jangyeobkong, and two indeterminate varieties, Clark and Williams were used to study the differences in growth and yield characters. Indeterminate varieties showed 30 days longer in days from intial flowering to terminal leaf stage and increased 7-8 more nodes on mainstem after initial flowering than determinate varieties. Determinate varieties were greater at middle-upper part, while indeterminate varieties were greater in middle part for the dry weight of the pods and stem at maturity. Total dry weight per unit area was greater in determinate varieties than in indeterminate ones from the early growth to maturity. However, the duration of vegetative growth was longer and the ability to keep leaf area index in the late growth stage was higher in indeterminate varieties. Variations among plants were greater in the order of branch related characters > mainstem, total vegetative, and yield related characters > morphological characters of mains tern and 100 seed weight. In general, variations of vegetative characters formed in the early growth stage were greater than those of yield characters formed in the late growth stage. On the other hand, the variations of those characters were greater in indeterminate varieties than in determinate ones. Variation of a seed weight within a plant was much smaller in determinate varieties than in indeterminate ones : i.e. coefficients of variation of a seed weight within a plant were from 13.6 to 13.8% in determinate varieties and were from 18.5 to 21.1% in indeterminate varieties, respectively.
Effects of Seeding Dates on Growth and Yield in Mungbean
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 37, issue 5, 1992, Pages 461~467
A mungbean cultivar, 'Seonhwanogdu', was seeded on April 20, May 10, June 1, June 20, July 10 and July 30 in 1988, 1989 and 1990 to determine the optimum seeding date of mungbean in Cheju province. As seeding was delayed from April 20 to June 20, the number of days from emergence to first flowering (days to flowering) decreased from 56.7 to 36.7 days, on the three year average. Days to flowering of mungbean seeded on July 10 and 30 ranged 30 to 35 days except that of the plants seeded on July 10, 1988. Days to flowering linearly decreased as the average of daily mean air temperature from emergence to the first flowering increased. The number of days from the first flowering to the first maturity (days to maturity) in mungbean seeded on April 20 to July 10 ranged 14 to 21 days and was 29 to 40 days at the July 30 seeding. The number of pods per plant, the number of seeds per pod, 1000 seed weight and yield tended to increase with delaying seeding up to June 1 and June 20, and then to decrease with further delaying seeding. This study indicates that the optimum seeding time of mungbean in Cheju province is around mid-June.
Interactions between Oxidative Pentose Phosphate Pathway and Enzymes of Nitrate Assimilation "Nitrate Reductase, Nitrite Reductase, Glutamine Synthetase
" and Ammonium Reassimilation "Glutamine Synthetase
" as affected by
Sohn, Sang-Mok ; Michael James Emes ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 37, issue 5, 1992, Pages 468~475
In order to understand more clearly the integration between N-assmilation and C-metabolism in relation to N fertilization, a pot experiment with 5 different level of N fertilization(0, 5, 10, 25, 50 mM NO
) was conducted in Manchester, U.K. The peas (Pisum sativum L., cv. Early Onward) were sown in vermiculate (5 cm depth) and cultivated for 6 days under temperature controlled dark room conditions (
). The plants received frequent irrigation with a nutrient solution: it was fertilized every 2 days, 3 times a day at 10h, 13h, 16h respectively. Elevated NO
concentration, the activity levels of NR, NiR, total GS(crude extract), GS
(plastid) in both root and shoot were increased and reached the peak in 5～25 mM, except NiR specific activity which increased its activity continually until 50 mM NO
treatment. Total activities of GS (crude extract) in both root and shoot became higher than those of GS
(Plastid), and the activity ratios of total GS in the crude extract and GS
in the plastids were 3.0 to 4.3 in root, but 3.2 to 10.6 in shoot. It was concluded that the reductants and A TP from OPPP itself should be enough to achieve the high rate of NR, NiR, GS
in plant root and shoot for reduction or assimilation of nitrogen, but these enzyme activities might be inhibited by an excess of NO
influx over the reduction capacity.
Induction of Apomixis by Chemical Mutagen Treatment and Ovule Development in Inbreed lines of Corn
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 37, issue 5, 1992, Pages 476~485
M1 plants which were produced from seed soaking in chemical mutagen, EMS or NaN
, appeared wide morphorogical variations such as dwarf, albino, twisted leaf, white streaked leaf, and purpled stem. In mutants of reproductive organs, there were monoecious plants such as female-flower plant and male-flower plant, multiple spikes, and steriled plants among M1 plants. Also, barren stalk was increased significantly in M1 plants. Ear bagging at ear initiation stage prevented seed set on cob in normal plants. In spite of ear bagging, M1 plants which had cobs with seed set was 3.9-11.2% of stalks developed from seeds soaking with mutagens, but only three or four kernels could be matured on a cob. Ear bagging after mutagen injection into initiating ear produced 5.1-10% in cobs with seed set, but only 1.7-6.3 kernels could be matured. Cobs removed silk at four hours after artificial pollination increased the rate of cobs with seed set to 27%. Microscopic observation confirmed that ontogeny of kernels matured from ear bagging and mutagen treatment would be both adventitious and diplosporous apomictic reproduction. Chromosome set of M2 seedling was found to be diploid type in chromosomal counting of root tip. As M
plants showed an uniform appearence within each lines and their CV of plant height were ranged 4-6% in each lines, we concluded that they were apomictic progeny. But we could not find any marker traits combined with apomixis.