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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Crop Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Crop Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 37, Issue 6 - Dec 1992
Volume 37, Issue 5 - Oct 1992
Volume 37, Issue 4 - Aug 1992
Volume 37, Issue 3 - Jun 1992
Volume 37, Issue 2 - Apr 1992
Volume 37, Issue 1 - Feb 1992
Selecting the target year
Studies on the Differences of the Rice Tillering System and Yield Characteristics under the Different Cultivation Methods in Southern Region of Korea II. Variations of Heading and Yield Components under Different Nursing Methods and Transplanting Time
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 37, issue 6, 1992, Pages 487~498
To study the effects of different nursing methods and transplanting on the growth of rice plant (Oriza sativa L.) in southern region of Korea, Kumo-byeo, Palgong-byeo and Dongjinbyeo were transplanted from April 20 to July 20 at an interval of 15 days with 8 days old seedling (infant seedling) and 25 days old box-seedling for machine transplanting, and 45 days old conventional seedling. Threshold transplanting date in southern region of Korea were June 26 for 8 days old seedling, July 1 for 25 days old seedling and] July 11 for 45 days old seedling for Kumo-byeo, and June 21, June 30, July 10 for Palgong-byeo, June 10, June 24, July 5 for Dongjin-byeo, respectively. Yield has no uniform tendency according to the transplanting date. However, yield were greater in the order of 8 days old seedling >25 days old seedling> 45 days old seedling in Kuma-byeo and 25 days old seedling (equation omitted)8 days old seedling (equation omitted)45 days old seedling in Palgong-byeo, 45 days old seedling(equation omitted)25 days old seedling(equation omitted) 8 days old seedling in Dongjin-byeo. The optimum accumulated air temperature during yield productive stage around heading (40 days from 10 days before heading to 30 days after heading) for high yield were 1,003
for 8 days old seedling, 1,014
for 25 days old seedling and 1,027
for 45 days old seedling in Kumo-byeo. And they were 1,018
in Palgong-byeo and 998
in Dongjin-byeo, respectively. Earlier transplanting with 8 days old seedling showed higher ratio of broken rice and green kerneled rice in Kuma-byeo, and late transplanting after July 5 showed significant high rate of green kerneled rice. Palgong-byeo and Dongjin-byeo also showed high rate of green kerneled rice at transplanting after July 5.
Effect of the Whole-layer Application of Slow-release Fertilizer on Growth and Yield of Rice
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 37, issue 6, 1992, Pages 499~505
This experiment was carried out to find out the optimum application method of slow-release fertilizer under different soil textures, clay loam(Deogpyeong series), sandy loam (Gangseo series) in the southern region(Milyang, Kyeongnam) of Korea. The fertilizers used were Chosun slow-release fertilizer(silicate latex coated fertilizer: N-P
O=18-12-13) and Meister 15 (thermoplastic resin coated fertilizer : N-P
O=14-14-14). The two whole basal application methods such as side band placement at transplanting time of rice plant(cv.Donghaebyeo) and incorporation with soil as basal were tested. The released amount of ammonium nitrogen from the soils for 4 days submerged was 95ppm in sandy loam and 60ppm in clay loam. The greenish degree of rice leaf was higher at the whole plow layer placement method than the others. The nitrogen efficiencies of the fertilizers were Meister 15 > convention > Chosun in order and between the application methods were similiar. The growth status was better at the whole plow layer placement application method of Meister 15 regardless of soils and seedling ages. The ripening ratio was increased at slow-release fertilizer application, and between application methods, whole plow layer placement was lower because of lodging damage. The yield in clay loam soil showed a significant difference between the ferilizers, but there were slight differences between the application methods and fertilizers in sandy loam soil. As a result, the slow-release fertilizer, Meister 15, applied at the whole layer showed a good rice growth and seemed a plausible fertilizing method.
Effect of Soil Conditions on Hypocotyl Elongation and Emergence in Soybean
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 37, issue 6, 1992, Pages 506~513
Several experiments were conducted to classify the variablity of field emergence rate among the major soybean(Glycine max. (L) Merril) cultivars. The results obtained are summerized as follows. The speed of emergence is highly correlated with diameter of hypocotyl. As increasing the seed depth, emergence percentage of small seed is higher than that of large seed, and emergence of large seed at seeding depth 5cm is higher than that of small seed, at seeding depth 7cm. Emergence percentage in clay, clay : sand :(1 : 1), sand : vermiculite(1 : 1), clay : (1 : 1), sand, vermiculite are 65, 80, 84, 89, 90 and 91%, respectively. As the soil water potential was decreasing from-0.1 to-0.5 bar, emergence percentage is increasing. The highest emergence percentage was shown at -0.5 bar, and the lowest emergence percentage at -0.7 bar.
Performance of Direct Seeded Rice in Ridged Dry Soil at Different Seeding Methods and Seeding Rates
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 37, issue 6, 1992, Pages 514~520
Performance of direct seeded paddy rice in ridged dry soil was evaluated at different seeding methods (broadcasting, drilling, and seeding in group) and seeding rates (4, 6, and 8kg /10a). The number of maximum tillers at broadcasting and drilling of seeds was higher than that at seeding in group. At broadcasing and drilling the number of maximum tillers at seeding rate of 6kg /10a was greater than that at 4 or 8kg /10a, but at seeding in group the number of maximum tillers increased with seeding rates. Among the seeding methods there were no differences in the number of seedlings per unit area, culm and panicle lengths, and productive tiller ratio, but heading date at seeding in group was delayed by a day compared with broadcasting or drilling. At heading stage leaf area index(LAI) and dry matter production at broadcasting of seeds were higher compared with drilling and seeding in group, but light transmission ratio at drilling and seeding in group was higher than that at broadcasting of seeds. Although the number of seedlings increased with seeding rates, LAI and dry matter production at heading stage, culm and panicle lengths, and productive tiller ratio were not different among the seeding rates. There were no differences in the number of panicles and spikelets per unit area, 1,000 grain weight, yield, and harvest index among the seeding methods. The number of spikelets per panicle at seeding in group was higher, but percent ripened grains was lower compared with broadcasting and drilling. There were no significant differences in the number of panicles and spikelets per panicle and unit area, percent ripened grains, and harvest index among the seeding rates, but yield at seeding rate of 6kg /10a was higher than at 4 or 8kg /10a. There were no significant differences in tiller length, bending moment, and fresh weight of tiller among the seeding methods. Breaking strength was lower in the order of seeding in group, drilling, and broadcasting of seeds. However, lodging index was similar among the seeding rates and lodging was not occurred in the field. There was a significant interaction in the cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin contents of culm base between seeding methods and seeding rates.
Variation of Sugar Content and Its Relationship with Some Major Characteristics in Collection of Colored-Soybean
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 37, issue 6, 1992, Pages 521~527
This study was conducted to obtain the fundamental information on the relationship between sugar content variation and other major characteristics in colored-soybean strains collected in Korea. Sugar content varied from 8.3% to 12.1%, and averaged to be 10.1% in collected colored-soybean strains. On the basis of maturity, soybean growth types were distributed 0.5%, 1%, 5.7%, 16%, 19%, 22%, 14%, and 19% in maturity group 0 (less then 115 days), group I(116 to 123 days), group II (124 to 131 days), group III (132 to 139 days), groupIV(140 to 147 days), group V (148 to 155 days), group Ⅵ(156 to 163 days), and group Ⅶ(over 164 days), respectively. Most of colored-soybean strains were in the middle and late maturity group(maturityIII group toⅦ). Sugar content was tended to be higher in soybean seeds of late than early maturity group. Difference in sugar content was not present according to the seed coat color, whereas strains with bloom seed was higher in sugar content than those with non-bloom seed. Higher seed sugar content was shown in green seed embryo than yellow one. Total sugar content was correlated negatively with protein content (-0.29
), positively with oil content (0.21
) and growth period(0.36
) in all collected colored-soybean strains, and within respective maturity group except early maturity group strains, total sugar content was correlated significantly with protein, oil, ADV, and other characteristics.stics.
Screening for Genotypes Lacking Lipoxygenase from Germplasm Collection of Korean Soybean Land Races
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 37, issue 6, 1992, Pages 528~533
Soybean seeds contain lipoxygenase, which is responsible for the objectionable beany flavors in soybean seeds. The isozymes of lipoxygenase (1
3) were discovered in United States of America, Japan, and Korea, and the mode of inheritance of the mutant genes was determined. This investigation was conducted to screen lipoxygenase-1, 2, and 3 lacking soybean lines from the Korean soybean land race population. Two lipoxygenase-1lacking lines, KAS 610-8 and KAS 621-8 were found in this investigation. In general, lipoxygenase acking varieties were small in seed size and low in oil content. A severe pod borer damage was observed in the two selected lipoxygenase-1 lacking lines. Lipoxygenase lacking line was not found in Korean wild soybean population used in this study and the lipoxygenase lacking lines were found only in Kyung-Nam province and the results imply that lipoxygenase lacking mutants were induced recently in cultivars.
Seedling Emergence and Mesocotyl Elongation as affected by Temperature and Seeding Depth in Direct-seeded Rice on Dry Soil
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 37, issue 6, 1992, Pages 534~540
Climatic condition and seeding depth affect the seedling stand and early growth in the direct-seeded rice cultivation on dry soil. This experiment was conducted to elucidate the effects of the day /night temperatures and the seeding depths on the seedling emergence and mesocotyl elongation of rice seed. Three combinations of the day/night temperatures(25/2
) were employed with seeding depths 1, 3, 5 and 7cm at the Phytotron of the Crop Experiment Station in 1991. It appeared that seedling emergence ratio increased and days to seedling emergence decreased in the high temperature (25/2
) and the deep seeding depth (5 and 7cm) condition. The seedling emergence ratio did not. show the, difference up . to the seeding depths of 3cm and below, but the ratio decreased from the seeding depths of 5cm and above. Plant height and leaf number were almost the same up to the depths of 3cm at 30 days after seeding, but those of the seeding depths of 5cm and 7cm were remarkably reduced in all temperature combinations. Mesocotyl and lower internode elongation were seen in the high temperature(25/2
) with the seeding depths of 5cm and 7cm. In the seeding depth of 6cm, of the tested varieties, Tamjinbyeo and Odaebyeo showed the highest emergence ratio. Generally, leaves of all tested varieties appeared approximately in the soil depth of 3cm, so the reasonable seeding depth will be around 3cm in the direct-seeded cultivation on dry soil.
Environmental Mechanism on Seeding Stage and Ripening Period in Labour Saving-Direct Sowing Rice Culture
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 37, issue 6, 1992, Pages 541~549
Lodging and rainfalls during ripening periods and ripening patterns were studied by the different maturing varieties and different seeding dates in labour saving-direct seeding cultivation of rice. Period of emergency in earlier seeding plot was longer than later seeding plot and standing seedlings per unit area and rate of standing seedlings were more and high by the later seeding date. Number of panicles per unit area was decreased by the later seeding dates. On the other hand, the rate of effective tillers was lowest at later seeding plot. Days from seeding to flowering were shortened by the later seeding dates due to the increase of daily growth temperature and reduce of day length. There was much rainfalls during ripening period of early maturing varietal group, however not much rainfalls during ripening period of medium and late maturing varietal groups. The degree of lodging at field was severer by the amount of rainfalls during ripening period. Earlier seeding plots and earlier maturing varietal groups. of used varieties were revealed heavier lodging compared to later seeding plots and later maturing varietal groups. Yield and yield related characteristics were high and good by the earlier seeding dates, especially ripening rate was clear.
Growth and Yield Performance of Paddy Rice at Different Cultural Methods
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 37, issue 6, 1992, Pages 550~556
Performance of a rice breeding line, Milyang 95 was evaluated at four cultural methods, direct seeding on dry soil covered by making ridges (DS ridged), direct seeding on dry soil covered by rotortilling (DS rotary), direct seeding on flooded soil (FS), and machine transplanting (MT). Days from seeding to emergence in both DS ridged and DS rotary was 15 days. The number of seedlings at DS ridged and DS rotary was lower than that at FS. Heading was earliest at MT, latest at DS rotary and DS ridged, and that at FS was between them. Days from seeding to heading was 115 days at MT, 94-95 days at DS ridged and DS rotary, and 87 days at FS. Lodging index was similar among the cultural methods and lodging was not occurred in the field although fresh weight of tillers and breaking strength at MT were higher than those of direct seedings. Yield and most of yield components were similar among the cultural methods although the number of spikelets per panicle at MT was higher and 1,000 grain weight at FS was lower compared to other cultural methods. Grain appearance (rusty, chalky abortive rice), protein and amylose contents and alkali digestibility were observed.