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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Journal of Crop Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Crop Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 38, Issue 6 - Dec 1993
Volume 38, Issue 5 - Oct 1993
Volume 38, Issue 4 - Aug 1993
Volume 38, Issue 3 - Jun 1993
Volume 38, Issue 2 - May 1993
Volume 38, Issue 1 - Feb 1993
Selecting the target year
Characteristics of Flowering and Bolling in Cotton
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 38, issue 3, 1993, Pages 201~207
This study was carried out to ascertain the flowering and boiling habits in conditions of vinyl mulched cultivation. The effects of vinyl mulching cultivation in cotton was early flowering. The flowering period was no more than 26 days and shedding of flower bud was lower. The total boll setting rate to flower number was about 38%. The number of flowering plants was rapidly increased until Aug. 8, then later was decreased, the period of the highest flowering occured was for 5 days from Aug. 6 to Aug. 10. Boll setting was increased that the flowers opened before July 30, then the later flowers was tended to decrease belling in spite of the increased flowering. However flower bud shedding had a tendency to decrease after the highest boiling period. The effect of weather, max. temperature and hours of sunshine on flowering days were highly positive significant correlation. Minimum temperatures, high air humidity and amount of rainfall had a negative significant correlation. The demanded days to flowering on the same internode in each fruiting branches was taken average 1.2 days, these days among the fruiting branches of the same internode was 3.6 days.
Effect of Winter Mulching on Growth and Fiber Yield of Ramie Plant
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 38, issue 3, 1993, Pages 208~212
Since ramie suckers distribute soil surface layer within 10cm depth, some of them are dead from low soil temperature in winter. An experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of various mulching methods on safe overwintering of sucker at three or four years old, fully-grown ramie plots. The sprouting dates of ramie was March 28 in transparent vinyl mulching(TPEF), April 1 in transparent vinyl mulching over cover of straw, manure or rice hull at the amount of 500kg /10a (CM), and April 6 in black vinyl mulching(BDEF). These treatments showed earlier sprouting date from 9 to 18 days than the conventional mulching with 1000 kg straw /10a the sprouting date of which was April 15. TPEF treatment showed the earliest but ununiform sprouting. In contrast, sprouts in CM treatment was uniform but emerged somewhat later compared with the treatment of TPEF. The number of stems per unit area increased 50 percent more in TPEF, and 35 to 39 percent more in CM than the treatment of conventional mulching.
Effects of Gibberellin and Atonic Acid on Growth and Fiber Yield of Ramie Plant
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 38, issue 3, 1993, Pages 213~218
An experiment was carried out to investigate the effects of plant growth regulators on the growth and fiber yield of ramie. Gibberellin (GA) and Atonic acid were applied at the various levels of application dates, application frequencies and concentration. Stem growth of ramie increased greatly by applying GA on the meristem of shoot apex. Among three treatments of application frequencies of GA, that is, one time application at the stage of stem length with 50cm, twice applications at the stem length of 50cm and 100cm, and three times applications at stem length of 50cm, 100cm and 150cm, stem growth increased more as application frequency increased. GA application is more effective on stem growth at the later stage of growth than the earlier growth stage. GA treatment of 100 to 300 ppm is more effective on stem elongation than 50 ppm, which was due on the elongation of internodes without increase in number of nodes. One time application of GA enhanced leaf growth more or less regardless of concentration, but GA was applied more frequently, leaf growth was inhibited more at higher concentration. Fiber yield was the highest at the treatment of three times application of GA with 100 ppm. This treatment also showed the highest percentage of fiber with 5.3%, which is much higher value compared with that of control treatment with 4.6%. Atonic acid was less effective on stem elongation than GA, but it also seemed to be effective on the enhancement of fiber development.
Lodging Pattern of Rice Plant in Broadcast-Seeded and Hand -Transplanted Cultivation
Kim, Je-Kyu ; Lee, Moon-Hee ; Oh, Yun-Jin ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 38, issue 3, 1993, Pages 219~227
Broadcast-seeded rice in submerged paddy frequently lodge in the field. In general, the causes of lodging in rice cultivation differ with different cultural methods. This study was conducted to investigate the causes of lodging in broadcast-seeded rice (BSR) and hand-transplanted rice (HTR) under four nitrogen (N) levels. Lodging in BSR was mainly a root lodging due to shallow root distribution, while that in HTR showed a bending type owing to deep rooting system. At the upper soil layer (0-5cm from the surface of ground) the root distribution of BSR (65.2%) was much larger than that of HTR (51.6%), whereas at the 5-10cm soil layer the root distribution of BSR (18.5%) was much smaller than that of HTR (28.0%). The depth of buried culm base was much shallower in BSR (1.2cm) than in HTR (4.0cm). The plant height, fresh weight, lodging index, culm diameter and thickness in HTR were much greater than those in BSR, and the breaking strength of lower internode was similar in the two cultivation methods indicating that HTR would have more lodging causes than BSR. In spite of . the more advantages to lodging resistance in BSR it severely lodged in the field. The main lodging-inducing factors of BSR were the shallow root distribution and shallow depth of buried culm base. Besides these, the higher ratio of gravity center of culm was an important factor. This result suggested that for the fundamental prevention of lodging in BSR, an ideotype of rice plant with ' a deep-rooted behavior ' should be developed.
Seedling Emergence of Direct Seeded Paddy Rice at Different Soil Moisture Regimes
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 38, issue 3, 1993, Pages 228~234
Seedling emergence of 15 rice varieties (Gayabyeo, Chilseongbyeo, Samgangbyeo, Yeongsanbyeo, Yeongdeugbyeo, Hwajinbyeo, Palgongbyeo, Seomjinbyeo, Tamjinbyeo, Milyang 95, M 101, M 202, Newbonnet, Tebonnet, and Lemont) were tested at different soil moisture regimes and seeding depths. Submergence for four days immediately after seeding did not reduce emergence rate in all varieties. Under the flooded condition, the percentage of emergence of all varieties at 1.5cm seeding depth ranged 0～40%, it is much lower compared to uncovered control, and percentage of seedling survival ranged 0～24% due to death of some emerged seedlings. Under the field condition, one time flooding up to 10cm above the soil surface after seeding did not reduce the percent emergence of seedlings. The pF value of soil was 0 for few days after flooding or raining and Eh of soil ranged 443-453m V.
Effect of Different Fertilizers on Growth and Fiber Yield in Ramie Plant
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 38, issue 3, 1993, Pages 235~239
To determine the optimal application level of fertilizers, nitrogen, phosphate, potassium and lime in ramie(Beohmeria nivia Hooker et Arnot), the experiments were conducted for four years from seedling stage propagated by suckers to fully-grown stage under various comibinations of
and lime. Increasing in application rate of N and
O enhanced stem growth of ramie greatly, and it appeared that lime application also had large effect on increase of stem growth. Yield increased greatly by increasing of application rate with two or three times in N and two times in
O as much as the standard application rate of fertilizers N-
O =9-3-9kg/l0a. Especially, treatment with 18kg N, 3kg
O and 200kg lime per l0a showed higher percentage of productive culm and increased yield of crude fiber about 33%. The variation among treatments was relatively small in stem length but larger in fresh weight of shoot and stem. The variation was large at early stage of experiment, that is, from one to two years after planting, but decreased progressively from three years after planting. There was no large difference in number of stems among application rates of fertilizers from three years after planting which was fully-grown stage. However, increasing in application rate of Nand
O twice as much as the standard rate had large effect on increasing the percentage of productive culm, and hence increased yield greatly.
Effect of PE Film Mulching and Planting Density on Growth and Tuber Yield in Yacon(Polymina sonchifolia POEPP)
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 38, issue 3, 1993, Pages 240~244
Yacon(Polymina sonchifolia POEPP), an indigenous Andean natural resource food plant, was imported as a new root crop from New Zealand in 1986. However the chemical composition and planting system of it have not been research in Korea. The experimental results for the optimum planting densities and mulching effect are as follows. Height of the main stem of yacon was grown linear from July to October, is showed more fast growth as density increased, and showed highest in 70
55cm density. The tiller was bubed 3 month after planting but there was no significant difference among mulching, non-mulching condition and planting density. The fresh weight of root of mulching condition was heavier than that in non-mulching condition and 70
40cm mulching condition. In mulching treatment, number of roots in dense planting were more than that in sparse planting. The effect of mulching was not shown significantly in root diameter and root length.
Screening Method for Photosynthetic Electron Transport Inhibitors Using Photoautotrophic Cultured Cells
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 38, issue 3, 1993, Pages 245~252
To investigate a simple and rapid screening method for photosynthetic inhibitory herbicides, responses of tobacco(Nicotiana tabacum L.) and liverwort(Marchantia polymorpha L.) PA(photoautotrophic) cells to various commercial herbicides with different modes of action and leaf extracts of four weed species were compared. PET (photosynthetic electron transport) inhibitory type of herbicides has greater inhibitory effect in liverwort photoautotrophic cells than the photomixotrophic and heterotrophic cultured cells. Similary, PET inhibitory type of herbicides inhibited the oxygen evolution more in liverwort PA cells than the other type of herbicides. Based on oxygen evolution, 60% inhibition was observed by the 10% aqueous extracts of Polygonum hydropiper, while there was 100% inhibition by the 10% methanol extracts of Polygonum hydropiper. This assay gave well correlated results to the Hill reaction data using isolated thylakoids. Thus liverwort photoautotrophic cells might be suitable materials for rapid screening method for photosynthetic inhibitory herbicides.
An Agroclimatic Data Retrieval and Analysis System for Microcomputer Users(CLIDAS)
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 38, issue 3, 1993, Pages 253~263
Climatological informations have not been fully utilized by agricultural research and extension workers in Korea due mainly to inaccessbilty to the archived climate data. This study was initiated to improve access to historical climate data gathered from 72 weather stations of Korea Meteorological Administration for agricultural applications by using a microcomputer-based methodology. The climatological elements include daily values of average, maximum and minimum temperature, relative humidity, average and maximum wind speed, wind direction, evaporation, precipitation, sunshine duration and cloud amount. The menu-driven, user-friendly data retrieval system(CLIDAS) provides quick summaries of the data values on a daily, weekly and monthly basis and selective retrieval of weather records meeting certain user specified critical conditions. Growing degree days and potential evapotranspiration data are derived from the daily climatic data, too. Data reports can be output to the computer screen, a printer or ASCII data files. CLIDAS can be run on any IBM compatible machines with Video Graphics Array card. To run the system with the whole database, more than 50 Mb hard disk space should be available. The system can be easily upgraded for further expansion of functions due to the module-structured design.
Diversification of Rice Quality for Processing. Physicochemical Characteristics and Inheritance of Floury Endosperm Mutants
;Mun-Hue Heu;Kwang-Ho Kim;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 38, issue 3, 1993, Pages 264~274
This study was carried out to assess the agronomic characters and physicochemical properties of floury and chalky-endosperm mutant lines induced by chemical mutagen treatment to rice varieties, Hwacheongbyeo and IR24. Linkage analysis of a floury-endosperm gene was carried out using linkage testers. The grain size of brown rice of the mutants was smaller than that of the original varieties. The l, 000-grain and 1
weight were lighter in the mutants compared with those in the original varieties. The compound starch granules in the endosperm cell of the mutants showed a loosely-packed crystalline structure. Amylose contents in mutants ranged from 16.9 to 28.5%. Crude protein contents of the mutants were not significantly different from the original rice variety, Hwacheongbyeo, but white core mutant(line 47106) derived from IR24 showed higher protein(l1.32%) compared with IR24(8.30%). The mutants showed slightly harder gel characteristics, and much lower viscosity in Amylograph than original varieties. Steamed rice-cakes from mutant lines showed greater volume than those from original varieties. During the process of alcohol fermentation, Brix in the mutants(especially floury mutants) decreased faster and the alcohol production after 10-day fermentation was much greater in the mutants than in the original varieties. Three different gene loci for floury endosperm characteristics were identified from the allelism test among mutant lines, and the genes were tentatively symbolized as flo-a, flo-b and flo-c, respectively. A floury gene, flo-a, was linked with lg(liguleless) gene in the linkage group N, with R.V. 5.76
-Amylase Gene from Zea mays
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 38, issue 3, 1993, Pages 275~282
The objective of this study was to clone a partial fragment of
-amylase from Korean maize. We designed and synthesized an oligonucleotide probe and two kinds of PCR primers based on cDNA conserved region of
-amylase sequences from other plants. Total RNA from 3-day-old maize seedling was used as template for 1st strand cDNA synthesis and RNA-DNA hybrid was used as template for polymerase chain reaction(PCR). The product of PCR was about 0.5 kb long and inserted into pUC19. We named this recombinant plasmid as pZM
'. The cloned fragment was certified by Southern blot analysis using labeled synthetic oligonucleotide as probe.
Evaluation of the Effects of Sulfur Dioxide Gas on the Yield of Soybean in an Industrial Complex Area Using the Isoquant Contour Lines of Sulfur Dioxide
Yong-Woong Kwon ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 38, issue 3, 1993, Pages 283~289
Effect of sulfur dioxide gas on the growth and yield of soybean growing in the On-San Industrial Complex area was evaluated using the isoquant contour lines of the sulfur dioxide in air of the area. Average concentration of sulfur dioxide monitored in the Industrial Complex from July 17 to September 17 was 0.77mg / 100cm
/day. Soil pH ranged from 4.2 to 6.5. Yield losses were estimated by 5～30% due to the effect of sulfur dioxide. Liming could relieve the yield reduction to some extent. The cumulative
concentration, as measured by PbO
method, for two months of active vegetative growth to early ripening stage has shown a good negative correlation with soybean yield. But, pod number and 100 grain weight did not show the correlation with the concentration of sulfur dioxide. These results suggest that sulfur dioxide affect chronically and cumulatively the growth of soybean plants.
Effect of Tillage Methods on Rice Yield and Soil Properties under Different Soil Textures
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 38, issue 3, 1993, Pages 290~295
To evaluate rice yield and changes of soil properties, 3 tillage methods including no tillage was tested in different soil textures, such as silty clay, sandy loam and silt loam fields. Hwaseongbyeo was transplanted by machine at May 28. Water and soil temperature of no tillage were lower than other plots, but differences of temperature were not larger in different treatments. Mean water requirement in depth of sandy loam field was larger than other textures, but that of silty clay field was smaller. The water requirement in depth of no tillage was larger by 1.4～2.2mm / day than the other plots. In the silty clay field, mineral contents, except Na
O content, of rice plant of no tillage plot at the harvesting stage was higher than the other treatments. The rice yields in the no tillage plot were decreased by 18% in sandy loam, by 7% in silty clay and by 1% in silt loam respectively than the power tiller plots.