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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Crop Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Crop Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 38, Issue 6 - Dec 1993
Volume 38, Issue 5 - Oct 1993
Volume 38, Issue 4 - Aug 1993
Volume 38, Issue 3 - Jun 1993
Volume 38, Issue 2 - May 1993
Volume 38, Issue 1 - Feb 1993
Selecting the target year
Effect of Gibberellin Seed-Spray on Seedling Emergence and Growth in Dry-Seeded Rice
Moon-Hee Lee ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 38, issue 4, 1993, Pages 297~303
Seedling emergence and .stand establishment in dry-seeded rice is unstable at present due to deep seeding, low temperature at seeding time, excessive drought or raining etc. This experiment was conducted to elucidate the effect of gibberellic acid(GA
) on the seedling emergence and growth in dry-seeded rice. GA
, IBA and Metalaxyl were treated by seed-soaking or-spray. Hwaseongbyeo, a japonica rice, was used. The seed-soaking treatment with GA
significantly increased the seedling emergence and plant height as compared with untreated seed. However, no difference was observed in IBA and Metalaxyl treatment. The optimum concentration of GA
to promote the seedling emergence and growth in dry-seeded rice was about 100ppm for seed-soaking and about 200ppm for seed-spray treatment. The seed-spray treatment of GA
with 200ppm promoted earlier and faster seedling emergence and elongated seedling height as compared with untreated seed.
Crop Combinations and Rotation Years for Paddy-Upland Cropping System in Middle Part of Korea
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 38, issue 4, 1993, Pages 304~311
To find out suitable crops and their rotation years with rice for paddy-upland rotation, continuous rice cropping and rice with 1, 2 and 3 years cropping of upland crops(soybean, maize and job's tears) were tested for four years from 1989 to 1992. Rice yield, when averaged over rotation years for each crop, was increased ranging from 7% to 12% when compared with that of continuous rice cropping. With every crop, rice yield of 2 year upland rotation was higher than that of 1 year upland rotation, but rice quality seemed to deteriorate in paddy-upland rotation. When considering yields of the upland crops, 1 year rotation was the best condition for soybean and job's tears, with 3 years rotation being the best for maize. In paddy-upland rotation, number of weed species and its occurrence rates were reduced in paddy and upland condition and the reduction rates in paddy condition were higher than those in upland condition. Physical properties of soil were improved in paddy-upland rotation and airphase seemed to increase with increasing upland period.
Comparison of Crop Yield and Income among Different Paddy-Upland Rotation Cropping Systems
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 38, issue 4, 1993, Pages 312~316
This experiment was conducted to increase the utility of paddy field in southern part of Korea. Six cropping patterns were tested 4 times with a cycle of two years from 1985 to 1992. The variation of yield, gross profit and income among years were evaluated. The variation of yield among years in red pepper, garlic and chinese cabbage was higher than that of cucumber, sweet corn and potato in tested crops. The income was higher in chinese cabbage, garlic and red pepper, and the variation of income among years was lower in peanut and chinese cabbage than that of other crops. The income in cucumber-chinese cabbage-green pea-rice pattern and sesamegarlic-rice pattern was higher than the other cropping patterns, but the variance of income among years in the cropping pattern of cucumber-chinese cabbage-green pea-rice was the highest among the tested cropping patterns.
Variation of Decursin Contents of Root Ages in Floral Inhibition Cultured Angelica gigas Nakai
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 38, issue 4, 1993, Pages 317~323
In order to clarify the contents of active principles in floral inhibition cultured Angelica gigas roots, the amounts of crude extract and the contents of decursin and decursinol angelate in the yearly roots were analyzed and compared with respect to the root age, root part and growth stage. The woody cell, weight and width of pith and cortex were also investigated at different growth stage to observe the developmental characteristics of lignification in the roots as bolting and flowering in normal cultured Angelica gigas. The amount of crude extracts did not differ with plant ages, whereas the contents of decursin and decursinol angelate were differed and the highest in 3 year old roots. The contents of decursin in 1, 2 and 3 year old roots were 3.71, 4.76 and 8.20% and those of decursinol angel ate were 2.84, 3.40 and 5.01%, respectively. The amount of crude extracts, and the contents of decursin and decursinol angelate were the highest in fine roots, followed by the lateral roots and the lowest in the primary roots. On the other hand, the amount of the constituents in the cortex were much higher than those in the pith of the root. The amounts of crude extract, and the contents of decursin and decursinol angelate showed the highest value at the vagetative stage and decreased with development to bolting and blooming stage. Woody cells were accumulated in the pith of the root as advancing growth stage, so that the weight and radius of the pith increased, whereas the relative weight and width of the cortex decreased slightly.
Effects of Leaf and Pod Removal on Dry Matter Accumulation of Soybean Plants
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 38, issue 4, 1993, Pages 324~329
Effects of leaf and pod removal on changes in leaf and seed number, and leaf, seed, pod and stem dry weight of soybean [Glycine max (L,) Merr.] cultivar ‘Hwangkeumkong’ were measured at the research farm of Korea University in 1992. The upper 40% and lower 60% of leaves and pods were subjected to treatments at the growth stage of beginning pod(R3). Leaf number and dry weight of lower part were increased by upper leaf-lower pod removal, but seed number and dry weight were decreased. Upper leaf-lower pod removal increased lower stem dry weight and decreased upper pod dry weight. Leaf-seed ratio of the upper leaf-lower pod removal was the highest with 3.54 and harvest index was the lowest with 27% among the treatments. Lower leaf-upper pod removal showed that more assimilates from upper leaves were translocated to lower seeds than from lower leaves to upper seeds in upper leaf-lower pod removal treatment.
Effect of Temperature and Day-length on Antioxidants in Sesame
Jung-Il Lee ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 38, issue 4, 1993, Pages 330~335
Sesame cultivars were treated with temperature and daylength to determine the environmental variance of Antioxidant content The experiment was performed in phytotron with 11, 13, 15hours of daylength and 20/15, 25 120, 30/25
(day / night) of temperature treatment. Varietal differences of antioxidant content were significant by the temperature and daylength treatment. Antioxidant content was incrased at higher temperature(25/2
) and daylength(13hours) but decreased at lower temperature (20/15
), short daylength (l1hours) and long day length (15hours) condition. Sesamin content were showed 0.06% difference as maxium by the temperature treatment, while 0.03% by the daylength treatment. Sesamolin content were showed 0.03% difference as maxium by the temperature treatment, while 0.01% by the daylength treatment. The antioxidant content was influenced by the increased temperature than daylength.
Growth Characteristics and Yield Potentials of Soybeans in Upland and Paddy Field
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 38, issue 4, 1993, Pages 336~342
To obtain the basic information necessary for the development of soybean varieties well adaptable to upland-paddy field rotational croppings, the difference of growth characteristics between upland and paddy-field including yield potentials of current recommending soybean varieties were evaluated. The growth characteristics, both above and under-ground, which were measured at flowering stage were generally greater in paddy-field but the number of root nodules was much greater in upland, thus the artificial inoculation was practically recommended for soybean growing in paddy-fields. Mean seed yield was generally higher in paddy-fields than in upland. All soybean varieties showed higher seed yield in the early planting date, April 20, were somewhat susceptible to soybean mosaic virus(SMV), thus they could be escaped from the disasterous endemic necrotic soybean mosaic virus(SMV-N). Soybean varieties showed over 4.0 tons/ha seed yield in the paddy-field were Williams 79, Union, SS77053, and Namhaekong. At the same time, Jangyeobkong and Danyeobkong were the most stable soybean varieties among the tested soybean varieties with less than 10% of coefficient variation values in all planting dates in paddy fields. Compared with Hwangkeumkong which is most widely being cultivated on farmer's fields, soybean varieties showed high yields in paddy-field were higher in plant height, less in the number of branches, and more in the number of nodes on main stem. At the same time, they had medium seed size which would bring the good germination and stands. Disease resistance especially for necrotic soybean mosaic virus was also one of the most decisive factors in seed yields for the early planted soybeans.
Growth and Yield Characteristics of Rice Varieties Developed in Different Years
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 38, issue 4, 1993, Pages 343~349
This study was conducted 1)to determine the factors responsible for the gradually increased rice yield by examining any improvements in yield-related characters and physiological characters among the historically recommended varieties of rice in Korea, and 2)to reveal the way of achieving further yield improvement by breeding in the future. Eight recommended varieties from 1911 to 1988 were selected and grown at the same conditions. The yield-related characters were observed at the harvest time, and the physiological characters such as RGR, NAR, LAR, SLA and L WR were estimated by the classical method of growth analysis. The newer varieties are shorter and those released after 1970's are greater in percent of filled spikelets and harvest index than the older varieties. There are no definite changing trends in the variations of number of panicles per hill, number of spikelets per panicle and 1000 grain weight according to the course of evolution in the recommended varieties. There is little evidence of improvement in the physiological characters such as NAR, LAR, SLA and LWR among the recently developed varieties compared with those of the older varieties. The increase in grain yield due to variety improvement, if any, is largely associated with the greater harvest index and percent of filled spikelets by breeding blight resistant and / or lodging resistant genotypes with short culm. It is suggested that increase in NAR should be carried out simultaneously with increase in harvest index to breed high yielding genotypes. I t appears to be important to breed genotypes with long culm in order to enhance light penetration into the canopy as long as they are lodging resistant. Since NAR is negatively correlated with LAR, it is unlikely to succeed to improve both characters simultaneously. The direct effect of NAR on RGR by path analysis is much larger than that of LAR, and hence it is suggested that breeding genotype with large NAR is more effective on enhancing RGR. It is also suggested that improving LAR through LWR is likely effective on increasing RGR.
Effects of Gibberellic Acid and Abscisic Acid on Proteolysis of Senescing Leaves from Rice Seedlings
Kang, S. M ; Kang, N. J ; Cho, J. L ; Kim, Z. H ; Kwon, Y. W ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 38, issue 4, 1993, Pages 350~359
The effect of gibberellic acid (
) and abscisic acid (ABA) on KCl-enhanced proteolysis of senescing leaves of rice(Oryza sativa L. cv. Chilsung) was studied. Emphasis was given to their effects on KCI-enhanced efflux of amino acids and proteinase activity. When treated singly,
affected leaf proteolysis little, while ABA increased proteolysis, the rate of amino acid efflux, and ribulose -1,5 -bisphosphate carboxylase / oxygenase (Rubisco)-degrading endoproteinase activity. An additive increase in all three parameters mentioned above was observed when leaves were treated with ABA and KCl. No such an additive effect was found when
was treated with KCl. Both
and ABA helped to alleviate the KCI-suppressed activity of Rubisco-degrading exoproteinases. The additive increase in proteolysis of rice leaves in the presence of both ABA and KCl could thus be ascribed to a further increase in the efflux of protein hydrolyzates and Rubisco-degrading endoproteinase activity. An increase in proteolysis was accompanied by a decrease in water absorption, and the combined treatment of ABA with KCl resulted in a further reduction of water absorption.
Effects of Plant Growth Regulators on Growth of Rice Seedling for Machine Transplanting
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 38, issue 4, 1993, Pages 360~365
The infant seedling of rice(8-to 10-day-old) has often suffered from submergence just after transplanting due to the too short seedling height, 5 to 8cm, This experiment was conducted to elucidate the effect of gibberellic acid(
: 25% soluble liquid) with the application methods of foliar spray and seed-soaking on the elongation of seedling height of infant rice seedling in machine transplanting, We used a japonica rice variety, Hwaseongbyeo, and the seeding rate was 200g per seed tray(30
and Metalaxyl increased the elongation of seedling height of infant seedling while Tetracycle decreased the seedling height, To increase the seedling height of infant seedling, the foliar spary application of
was better than seed-soaking treatment. The optimum concentration of
for the foliar spray was about l0ppm and the optimum application time of
was 3 to 4 days after sowing.
Callus Induction and Plant Regeneration from Leaf Tissue. Culture of
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 38, issue 4, 1993, Pages 366~370
This study was conducted to determine the optimum culture conditions for inducing callus and regenerating plantlets from cultured leaf tissues of Aralia elata. Young leaf tissues(1cm) of A. elata plant were cultured on MS medium supplemented with 2, 4-D and Thidiazuron. Embryogenic callus was induced along the leaf veins, more efficiently on the medium containing 1.0mg /1 Thidiazuron in 4 weeks after culture initiation. Calli were subcultured to proliferate on MS media containing 2, 4-D, Dicamba, Picloram, and Thidiazuron. Callus was better proliferated on the medium containing Dicamba than on the others.. However, callus subcultured on the medium containing Thidiazuron was more embryogenic and light green-colored, of which some showed embryoid-like structure on the surface. Hormone-free medium was more efficient to regenerate plantlets than media supplemented with Kinetin, BA, and Thidiazuron.
Mechanisms of Salt Tolerance in Crop Plants I. Physiological Responses of Barley, Rye and Italian Ryegrass Seed Germination to NaCl Concentrations
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 38, issue 4, 1993, Pages 371~376
This experiment was conducted to elucidate the salt tolerance mechanism of crop plants. Plants used in this experiment were rye, barley, Italian ryegrass. Seeds were treated at saline condition and the saline conditions were controlled by NaCl. The results were summerized as follows. In rye, germination ratio and speed were above 90% and 80% at NaCl concentrations below 0.5% but germination ratio was seriously decreased at NaCl concentration above 0.6%. In barley germination ratio was not less than 80% at NaCl concentration below 0.8%. In italian rye grass germination ratio was decreased gradually by increasing NaCl concentration but germination speed was seriously decreased at NaCl concentration above 0.6% as not more than 7.5%. Water absorption rate was low in barley than rye and it was decreased by increasing NaCl concentration and duration of absorption. In barley, carbohydrate content was decreased slightly in response to increased NaCl concentration and content of reducing sugar was independent of NaCl concentration. In rye, reducing sugar content was increased until 0.3% of NaCl and increased seriously after 20 hours.
-Amylase activity was high at control and 0.6% lot of NaCl, but it was not general tendency.