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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Crop Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Crop Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 39, Issue 6 - Dec 1994
Volume 39, Issue 5 - Aug 1994
Volume 39, Issue 4 - Aug 1994
Volume 39, Issue 3 - Jun 1994
Volume 39, Issue 2 - Apr 1994
Volume 39, Issue 1 - Feb 1994
Selecting the target year
Effect of Light Pretreatment on Photosynthetic Characteristics of Leaf Blade in Japonica and Tongil Type Rice
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 39, issue 4, 1994, Pages 307~316
To investigate the effect of light pretreatment on photosynthetic characteristics of leaf blade of rice, 2 varieties of japonica type and 2 varieties of tongil type were grown under 30% or 70% shading conditions from tillering stage to heading stage. Shading treatment of 70% at the heading stage produced low dry matter, and higher LAR and SLA compared with other combination of shading treatment and growing stage did. Photosynthetic activity was lower in order of 0%, 30% and 70% shading treatment under the low light intensity(5Klux) but significantly high in 30% shading treatment under the high light intensity (33Klux) at tillering stage. Photosynthetic activity under low(5Klux) and high(33Kluk) light intensity were higher in order of 70%, 30% and 0% shading treatment at heading stage. Respiration /photosynthesis ratio was lower in shading treatment than in control. CGR, RGR and NAR decreased in shading treatment. Shading treatment reduced the number of ripened grain per panicle and decreased the harvesting index.
Effect of Magnesium, Boron and Zinc on Several Characteristics of Sesame in Reclaimed Upland
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 39, issue 4, 1994, Pages 317~322
This study was conducted to increase the seed yield and to find the interaction of several characters of sesame on the reclaimed upland by application of minor nutrient which were boron, magnesium and zinc. A result of testing of boron and magnesium were effective relatively. Application of boron and magnesium were increased the dry stem wt. of upper capsule setting position, Specially dual application of boron and magnesium were remarkable. Dry stem wt. affected on seed increasing of lower and middle capsule setting part. Capsule no. per plant was showed higher degree in dual B+Mg than each application. Capsule no. affected on increasing of dry stem wt. as well as seed yield also. Capsule no. of lower and upper capsule setting part indicated relation with seed yield, 1000 grains weight. This result showed increasing tendency of upper capsule setting part in B+Mg+Zn application. The products of seed yield indicated the increasing of estimate production at the highest 21% in dual Mg+B, 17% of dual B+Zn+Mg secondly, 12% of single boron application thirdly.
Effects of Foliar-Sprayed Benzyladenine and Diphenylurea on Leaf Senescence, Grain Yield and Some Characters Related to Grain Quality of Rice
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 39, issue 4, 1994, Pages 323~330
Benzyladenine(BA) and Diphenylurea(DPU) at 10ppm level were foliar-applied one to three times at an interval of 10 days from heading stage of rice variety, Dongjinbyeo. One time treatment of both cytokinins did not delayed leaf senescence substantially, but consecutive treatments of two to three times markedly retarded leaf senescence. Leaf senescence retarding effects were greater in BA than DPU. Ripened grain ratio, grain weight and grain yield were not improved by the treatments. BA treatments increased the percentage of green and white belly kernels with no effects on opaque and white core kernels. BA and DPU treatments did not altered amylose content, but BA treatments significantly decreased protein content of polished rice. Consecutive treatments of BA and DPU twice or three times at an interval of 10 days from heading increased oil content by 30 to 78% as compared to non-treated control, but one time treatment at any stage did not enhance it of polished rice. Fatty acid composition was slightly altered in favor of unsaturated fatty acid by BA and DPU treatments.
Water Uptake, Cotyledon Damage after Imbibition and Hypocotyl Elongation in Soybean with Different Seed Size and Color
Keun-Yong Park ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 39, issue 4, 1994, Pages 331~338
The experiment was conducted to determine if seed size and seed coat color of soybean might be effective in water uptake and cotyledon damage after imbibition, and hypocotyl elongation. Eight soybean cultivars were separated into two classes of large and small seed based on seed weight, and each class included two cultivars with yellow and black seed color, respectively. Small seed size group was superior in water uptake by seed for 24 hour in imbibition at
, but its differences decreased as soaking time increased. Small seed cultivars germinated faster and had better germination rate than large ones. However, cultivars with black seed coat showed more slow water uptake at initial time and faster germination than yellow seed, but in 24 hour after imbibition, cultivars with black seed coat had higher water uptake rate than yellow seeds. Small seed cultivar group showed no cotyledon damage in imbibition for 24 hour while large seed cultivars were damaged 78% of cotyledon, and black seed showed low cotyledon damage compared to yellow seed. Hypocotyl length was shorter in large seed rather than in small seed, but hypocotyl thickness in large seed was more thick than in small seed. In correlation coefficients, seed coat rate, embryo rate exhibited significantly negative association with seed weight, and the correlation of seed weight with water uptake in 3 hour after soaking was significantly negative, but in 24 hour showed positive correlation.
Rice Growth and Yield Response under Rice-Duck Farming System in Paddy Field
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 39, issue 4, 1994, Pages 339~347
This experiment was conducted to investigate duck-raising system and the optimum nitrogen fertilization level in duck-raising field. Optimum duck rasing density in rice paddy field was 1, 000~1, 500 heads per ha and ducks could be harvested three times in a year starting from 40 days after mature-seedling machine transplanting. When 1, 000~1, 500 heads per ha of ducks was raised once a year, optimum nitrogen application level was 110kg/ha. In the case of three times in a year, it was 8.8kg/ha. The weed control rate of the duck-raised paddy field was superior(93~96%) to control (89%, treated twice with herbicide).
11S and 7S Globulin Fractions in Soybean Seed and Soycurd Characteristics
Eun-Hui Hong ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 39, issue 4, 1994, Pages 348~352
Soybean seed consists of two major storage protein, the 7S and 11S globulins. For improving the quality of soybean seed protein, an increase of 11S/7S ratio would be a desirable objective because the 11S globulin contains much more the sulfur-containing amino acids than the 7S globulin. In this study, some soybean varieties were used to investigate the analyzing method for 7S and 11S globulins. 7S and 11S globulins couble be fractionated by their different solubilities in tris buffers. Adjusting the pH and tris concentration were major factors affecting the precipitation of the two globulins. And it was possible to screen the soybean genotypes having aberrant subunit compositions of the two globulins by an sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) of total soybean proteins. The ratio of 11S to 7S globulin ranged from 1.29 to 1.38. This paper also dealed with the contribution of protein components in soybean seeds to the physical properties of soycurd. It indicated that the soycurd from crude 11S was remarkably harder than that from crude 7S, and springiness and cohesiveness were slightly higher in soycurd having higher proportion of 11S. So, it may concluded that proportion of protein components in soybean seed can be important factor which controls the suitability for soycurd or other foods.
Growth and Yield Response of Corn Hybrids with Different Canopy Types to Planting Density
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 39, issue 4, 1994, Pages 353~358
Grain yields of errect-leaved corn hybrids were reported to be increased as planting density(PD) increased compared to those of horizontal leaf type hybrids. This trial was conducted to investigate the difference between errect and horizontal-leaved hybrids in response to different PD. Grain yields of both type hybrids were decreased at the highest PD, however, that of horizontal-leaved hybrid, Ga209
Ki14A, was decreased more than errect-leaved hybrids which indicated varietal difference in response to PD. Responses to PD for days to tasseling, plant height, ear height, and leaf angle were not significant, also, PD
hybrid interactions were not observed. Yield components were decreased as PD increased and there were no PD
hybrid interactions for these characters. Leaf angle was negatively correlated with grain yield and yield components except for kernel weight.
Effects of Seeding Date on Growth and Yield in Oats
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 39, issue 4, 1994, Pages 359~365
A oat (Avena sativa) cultivar, 'Guiri 16', was seeded on Oct. 9, Oct. 24, Nov. 9, Nov. 24, Dec. 9 of 1991 and 1992 to determine usefulness of growing degree days (GDD) for predicting growth duration and the optimum seeding date of oats for grains in Cheju province. The later the seeding, the greater the number of days to emergence but the fewer the number of days to heading and maturity. As seeding was delayed, accumulated GDD from seeding to emergence generally tended to decrease but was less subjective to a constant downward tend over seeding date than the number of days. Accumulated GDD from emergence ot heading decreased with delaying seeding and accumulated GDD from heading to maturity decreased as seeding was delayed up to Nov. 24. As seeding was delayed from Oct. 9 to Dec. 9, to Dec. 9, leaf area index at heading decreased from 7.7 to 5.1 and dry matter yield at maturity from 1920 to 823 kg /10a in 1992-1993, and culm length 120 to 89cm on an average of 1991-1992 and 1992-1993. While the number of grains per panicle and test weight were not affected by seeding date in 1991-1992 and 1992-1993, the number of panicles per m
and grain yield were decreased when oats were seeded earlier or later than Nov. 9. 1000 grain weight was not affected by seeding date in 1991-1992 but greatest at Nov. 9 seeding in 1992-1993. The results indicate that optimum seeding date of oats in Cheju province would be early November. November.
Development of Small Vascular Bundles at Different Tillers as Affected by Nitrogen Levels in Rice Plants
Dong Jin, Lee ; Benito S. Vergara ; Oscar B. Zamora ; Ie Sung, Shim ; Bong Ku, Kim ; Je Cheon, Chae ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 39, issue 4, 1994, Pages 366~372
The experiments were conducted to evaluate the effect of nitrogen application on the development of small vascular bundle in the rice plants. Two cultivars, IR58, an indica type and Unbong 7, a japonica type were used in this study. The number of small vascular bundles in peduncle of different tillers was increased with the increase of nitrogen level. In the main culm, number of small vascular bundles at higher nitrogen level was increased by 39% in IR58 and 24% in Unbong 7 compared with nitrogen free plot. The main culm had more small vascular bundles in the peduncle and number of small vascular bundle was decreased with later tiller order and tiller development. The number and cross sectional area of small vascular bundles in flag leaf blade and sheath of main culm were increased with increasing levels of nitrogen. The number of small vascular bundles in peduncle was highly correlated with the number of spikelets and grain weight per panicle.
Effects of Nitrogen Fertilizer Application Level and Cutting Time on Forage Yield and Feed Value of Rye in Paddy Field
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 39, issue 4, 1994, Pages 373~381
This experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of nitrogen fertilizer level on forage yield and feed value, and to clarify the optimum nitrogen fertilizer level of rye in middle west area when cultured in paddy field. The field experiment treated 5 levels of nitrogen fertilization was carried out at Yesan from Oct. 1990 to June 1991. The fresh and dry weight increased with increased nitrogen fertilizer level by 30kg /10a, but dry matter ratio decreased. The ratio of leaf blade and leaf sheath in rye plant increased with increased nitrogen fertilizer level, but the ratio of stem and inflorescence decreased. The content and yield per unit area for protein, total digestible nutrient(TDN). Minerals, and energy increased with increased nitrogen fertilizer level, while acid detergent fiber(ADF) and neutral detergent fiber(NDF) decreased. The ratio of available protein among crude protein became higher with increased nitrogen fertilizer level. The optimum clipping time for net energy gain(NEG) and net energy maintenance(NEM) were 10 days earlier than milk stage for conventional items including TDN and proteins.
Differences in Chemical Composition of Soybean Seeds with Different Usages and Storage Durations
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 39, issue 4, 1994, Pages 382~388
For the comparision of the differences in dry matter weight and the chemical composition of soybean seeds in relation to utilization styles and storage durations, the seed coats and cotyledons including embryo axis separated from the seeds of 3 recommended cultivars stored for 3 years and of 5 recommended cultivars and 2 local varieties with black seed coat and green cotyledons were observed in dry weight, germination percentage, protein, oil, soluble sugar, oilgosaccharide, and starch. In the seeds stored for 3 years, dry weight and germination rate were decreased distinctively. This decrease of seed dry matter resulted from the decrease of the cotyledon weight, and the ratio of seed coat to whole seed was increased. For the change of chemical compositions by the decrement of seed dry weight during the storage, protein, oil, and carbohydrate contents of the seed coat were decreased, and protein content of the cotyledon was markedly decreased in the seeds stored for 3 years. The ratio of seed coat to whole seed was higher in small seed than large seed cultivars. In the local varieties, protein and oil contents were 43.59% and 18.25% in the cotyledons, respectively, which were lower than those of recommended cultivars. But starch and sugar contents were 5.70% and 11.58%, respectively, which were higher than those of recommended cultivars. Sucrose, raffinose and stachyose contents were also higher in the cotyledon of the local varieties.
Productivity and Nodule Formation as Influenced by Timing of Initial Defoliation and Defoliation Frequency in White Clover
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 39, issue 4, 1994, Pages 389~396
Poor establishment of white dover (Trifolium repens L.) into grass-dominant pastures has been limited its availability. The experiment was done to clarify the effects of timing of initial defoliation, defoliation frequency on the regrowth and nodule formation of the clover cultivars during 28-day regrowing period. Individual plants of cv. Regal, Louisiana S-1 (La. S-1), Grasslands Huia (Huia) and Aberystwyth S184 (S184) were grown in containers until grown to unifoliolate, 1, 2, 4, or 8 trifoliolate stage, and then clipped to 1cm in height every 7 or 28 day for 28 days. To measure the effects, plants were sampled immediately after final harvest, and 1, 3, 7, 14 and 28 days after the harvest. Shoot, root dry weight and biomass were reduced with earlier, more frequent defoliation or shorter regrowing period. In frequent defoliation shoot dry weight and biomass were increased with delayed initial defoliation while in less frequent defoliation steeply done when initial defoliation was delayed to 4 trifoliolate stage. Shoot /Root ratio inclined with more frequent defoliation or lengthened regrowing period, and was greater in initial defoliation of unifoliolate to 2 trifoliolate than the others. Although nodules no. per plant declined with earlier or more frequent defoliation, the effect disappeared to some extent after 14-day regrowth. In comparison with the others, Regal had the highest shoot. dry weight and biomass to 2 trifoliolate stage while S184 did the most nodules regardless of defoliation timing. On 7-day after last defoliation nodule formation of Regal, Huia and S184 but on 28-day after last defoliation that of La. S-1, Huia and S184 was positively correlated to shoot and root dry weights upto 2 trifoliolate stage. On the former day, however, that was negatively correlated to Shoot /Root ratio upto 1 trifoliolate stage although on the latter day it was not, meaning that in addition to more frequent defoliation earlier defoliation was harmful in nodule formation of white clover.
Yield of Paeonia Radix and Changes of Paeoniflorin Concentration in Paeonia Radix with Different Growing Stages
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 39, issue 4, 1994, Pages 397~404
This experiment was conducted to determine best harvesting time and observe paeoniflorin and some chemical component concentrations of 4-year-old paeonia radix in Euisung and Milyang varieties. Concentrations of paeoniflorin and some chemical components were investigated at 8 periods from Feb. to Oct. Yield of paeonia radix was investigated in Aug. 19, Sep. 18 and Oct. 17. Paeoniflorin and some chemical components were changed seriously at May as flowering time and stabilized after June. The lowest dry matter ratio was 23% and the maximum shrinkage ratio was 47% in May during all the growing stages. Especially, the difference of paeoniflorin concentrations between Euisung and Milyang was about 2%, and paeoniflorin concentrations in Milyang were higher than in Euisung variety during all the stages. Serious infection of disease in October, stem length, stem number per stock and healthful stem ratio in October were more reduced than in August. Yield of paeonia radix was not different from August to September, but that of October harvest was obviously reduced by root-decay-disease. Reasonable harvesting time in 4-year-old paeonia radix was late August to mid-September. When infected shoot rate by disease were severely high, early harvest was more stable in the yield and quality aspects.