Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Crop Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Crop Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 40, Issue 6 - Dec 1995
Volume 40, Issue 5 - Oct 1995
Volume 40, Issue 4 - Aug 1995
Volume 40, Issue 3 - Jun 1995
Volume 40, Issue 2 - Apr 1995
Volume 40, Issue 1 - Feb 1995
Selecting the target year
Leakage of Sugars, Amino Acids and Protein from Differently - Aged Seeds of Sesame, Welsh Onion and Lettuce
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 40, issue 4, 1995, Pages 407~412
Experiments were conducted to obtain information on separation of nonviable seeds from seed lots by the nondestructive ways. Seeds of sesame, welsh onion and lettuce were artificially aged at 90% relative humidity and 45
to get different seed qualities. The relationships between seed quality and leakage of total sugars, amino acids, and proteins into soaking water were determined to know a possibility of grading seeds. Dead seeds of lettuce leaked significant amounts of total sugars, amino acids, and proteins, while high quality seeds leaked negligeable amounts of total sugars and some of amino acids and proteins. Dead seeds of welsh onion leaked significant amounts of amino acids and some total sugars and proteins, while high quality seeds leaked negligeable amounts of these compounds. Sesame seeds leaked little total sugars, amino acids, and proteins regardless of seed quality.
Varietal Difference of Salt Tolerance during Germination in Italian Ryegrass
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 40, issue 4, 1995, Pages 413~419
This study was conducted to find out the suitable NaCl concentration and temperature for investigating the varietal difference of salinity tolerance in Italian ryegrass. Seeds of 20 cultivars including 9 diploid and 11 tetraploid were exposed to eight levels of NaCl concentration ranging from 0 to 350mM under three temperature levels of 15, 20 and
. The NaCl concentration(C50%) inhibited germination of 50% of the viable seeds for the cultivars at 15
was 354mM, and those at 2
were 342mM and 325mM, respectively. There were significant correlations among C50% at three levels of temperature, and correlation coefficient for C50% between 2
was higher than that between
. C50% was positively correlated only with germination speed at 10 days after sowing when the plants were exposed to 350mM NaCl at 2
. For the germination speed at 10 days after sowing in 350mM NaCl at 2
, the cultivars used could be classified into three groups. Wase Aoba, Bettina, E. K -11, Tetrone, Lira Sand, Tetra Florum and Billiken belonged to the tolerant group, and Tuchi Was, Wase Yutaka, Sakura Wase, Magnolia, Limella and Delita were as the semi-susceptible group, and Atalja, Barmultra, Ajax, Liberta, LM-16, Elving and Wilo were as the susceptible group.
Characteristics Related to Photosynthesis and Grain Yield of
Jae Kil Lee ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 40, issue 4, 1995, Pages 420~427
This study was carried out to investigate heterosis in photosynthetic characteristics and yield of F
hybrid rice using genetic cytoplasmic male sterile lines. Two F
hybrid rices, HR7028A/Yongmoonbyeo and IR54756A/Yongmoonbyeo, showed heterobeltiosis in dry weight and leaf area at the heading date and at the 20 day after heading. HR7028A/Yongmoonbyeo showed heterobeltiosis and IR54756A/Yongmoonbyeo showed heterosis in chlorophyll content and RuDPCase activity in flag leaf, T-sugar and starch content in stem, and
fixation at the 20 day after heading as well as at the heading date. HR7028A/Yongmoonbyeo showed heterobeltiosis in number of panicles and grains per panicle, and IR54756A/Yongmoonbyeo had heterobeltiosis in number of panicles per plant. As results, heterobeltiosis of HR7028A/Yongmoonbyeo in yield was 11% and that of IR54756A/Yongmoonbyeo was 4%.
Growth and Yield of Barley Broadcasted before Rice Harvest
Chang-Hwan Cho ; Chang-Sik Moon ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 40, issue 4, 1995, Pages 428~436
The studies were conducted to escape for laber concentration during rice harvest and barley sowing through the scattering sowing before rice harvest(SS) compared to the drilling on high ridge(DS) of barley from 1990 to 1994. There were longer in plant height and more in tiller number under the SS than those under the DS of barley while cold-injured leaves of barley were inversely affected by two different sowing methods. The barley growth was more vigorous in the DS. There was similar at heading and maturing date. The grain yield of barley was lower in the SS by 20.6% which was resulted from the reduction of spike number per m
and number of grain per spike. There was not significant at growth and yield for sowing date before rice harvest. The variation of successive years on growth, yield and its components were higher in the SS than those in the DS.
Influence of Rice-Duck Farming System on Yield and Quality of Rice
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 40, issue 4, 1995, Pages 437~443
Concerns on use of excess amount of chemical fertilizier and pesticide in current farming system turns both of the producer and consumer of agricultural products to an organic farming which use a less chemicals and more natural manure. Rice-duck farming system is one of the strategy to meet the purpose and this experiment was carried out to find the effect of the rice-duck farming system on the quality and yields of rice. 20day-old rice seedling were mechanically transplanted in sandy-loam paddy field and 21 day-old ducks were raised from 3 weeks after transplanting with population of 30 heads per 10a. The plots were consists of reduce fertilizer(70%) with and without duck-raising. The conventional fertilizer treatment without duck-raising was used as check. The results obtained are summarized as follows. The weeds population of test plots which were raised with duck for 3 consecutive years was less than that of test plots without duck-raising, though a speciffic population of Echinochola crusgallis were increased. The weed control effect was higer in duck-raising than in check at the maximum tillering stage but, not at later stages of rice plant. It was found that the small animals and insects inhibiting in the rice field were reduced by duck-treatment, however, there were also damages of grass leaf roller at booting stage in the plots of duck-raising. In rice-duck plot, dark green leaf color were found: 41.8 of SPAD value than 38.6 of SPAD in check plot. Higher root activity and surface soil oxidation were also observed in rice-duck plot than check plot. 3% of the increase in yield was observed by duck-treatment. However, the expected increase of the palatability wsa not observed. This may be due to the unfavorable weather conditions during the rice growing in this expriment.
Using Air Temperature and Sunshine Duration Data to Select Seed Production Site for Eleutherococcus senticosus Max
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 40, issue 4, 1995, Pages 444~450
It was very hard to gather the seeds of Eleutherococcus senticosus Max. known as a medicinal plant for they tend to drop under the high temperature condition during the summer period in Korea. Therefore, this study was conducted to select seed production site for Eleutherococcus senticosus in Korea, comparing the climate of Hokkaido of Japan, in which the seeds have been produced, with that of various place in this country. It was low that the average maximum temperature during the hottest summer two months (July and August) as a 24.4
in Hokkaido and 21.2
in Daegwanryeong compared with 27.4
in Changsu. Especially in Daegwanryeong, average maximum temperature from June to September remained as low as 21
. Effective accumulated temperature(>5
) was 807
in Hokkaido and 964
in Daegwanryeong during the ripening period. Monthly sunshined hours from July to August were 121.7~128 hours in Daegwanryeong and 83.5~85.4 hours in Hokkaido. The Eleutherococcus senticosus sprouts at 8.5
, comes to flowering season in mid-August, and ripens during late-August and October in Hokkaido, the climate of which is similar to that of Daegwanryeong.
Differences of Internode Brix Degree on Different Seeding Date in Sweet Sorghum
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 40, issue 4, 1995, Pages 451~459
In order to clarify the growth characteristic and Brix degree at different internodes, four varieties that are M81E 71-1, a Rio, a Sart and a Tamurama were seeded on, Apr. 5, Apr. 15, Apr. 25, May 5 and May 15, respectively. Delayed seeding increased plant hight and the growth pattern of the stem diameter and weight was tapesed off and lighted to upper location. Brix degree of internode was rapidly increased from just after heading date, and was slowly increased by rising upper side till before heading date. Brix degree of middle location(6th internode) was the highest of the stem in after heading date and interior side was the lowest. Brix percentage of 40∼45 days after heading had more than 15% in case of being seeded from Apr. 5 to May 5. Sweet sorghum that was seeded on May 15 was more than 17% in the Brix percentage of 35 days after heading and so the suitable seeding date in sourthern district was suggested on May 5. The plethora of soil moisture by rainfall was made decently lower Brix degree in 130∼140 days after seeding. Among the length and the diameter of internode, and Brix degree had negative correlation, between diameter and weight of internode were significantly positive correlation. But correlation coefficient had been a little bit different by varieties.
Effective Tillering Pattern and Grain Yield on Different Seeding Dates in Barley
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 40, issue 4, 1995, Pages 460~472
This study was aimed to provide understanding on the eco-physiological response of barley tillers as affected by difference in seeding date. Yield and yield contribution rates of tillers were investigated with the data of field experiments in the former Wheat and Barley Research Institute of Suwon, Korea from September 1982 to July 1984. When barley was sowed 15 days earlier than or at the locally recommended sowing date (i.e. October 5), it produced more mainstem leaves than the that sowed 15 days later than the local recommendation. The effective tillers (i.e. ear-bearing tillers) were observed in concurrently occurring leaves up to 10/0 (abbreviation of the 10th mainstem leaf) from early and optimum sowed crops, while 9/0 from late sowed crops. Tillering followed the production rule of Gatayama(l952) which has the linear leaf appearance pattern. Early sowing produced more effective tillers, but the highest production of effective ears (i.e. ears heavier than 0.505g) was noticed in sowing at the recommended date. The tillers in the axil of first leaf in mainstem (abbreviated as 1) produced more effective ears than other mainstem tillers (i.e. primary tillers such as C, 2, 3 and 4). The tillers from the axil of first leaf, whether they were primary or secondary, always performed better in the production of effective tillers, grains per ear, grain weight, and grain yield per ear than those from the axil of coleoptile or prophyll. Other tillers from subsequent leaves were also inferior in production with the order of their appearance, thus making first leaf tillers as the best performer(e.g. 1 against C, 2, 3, 4 of primary tillers, 11 and 21 against 1P, 12, 13, 2P, 22 of secondary tillers). Even though the first leaf tiller from the first mainstem leaf(i.e. 11) emerged at a same time with the fourth mainstem leaf tiller(i.e. 4), it was always a better producer of ears and grains. The above observations of hierarchy among tillers were persistent irrespective of cropping conditions and treatments. Sowing at the recommended date produced more effective tillers and grains per ear than early or late sowing. In early and late sowings, more grains per effective ear were observed by early sowing, whereas more grains per ear were produced by late sowing. The order of performance in production of effective tillers and ears per plant was as follows: optimum > early > late sowings. In optimum sowing the mainstems were the highest in grain weight per ear, while the first leaf tillers were the ones in early sowing probably due to winter damage on mainstem ears. Yield contribution by the tillers was greater with the following order irrespective of sowing dates: mainstem, 1, 2, 3, C, 11, 12 and Cl. The contribution of CP, 2P, 21 and 31 varied with sowings.
Inheritance of Some Agronomic Characters Related to Cold Tolerance under Cold Water Treatment in Rice
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 40, issue 4, 1995, Pages 473~480
This study was conducted to know how cold tolerance of rice varieties is inherited. Several crosses were made between cold tolerant varieties and susceptible varieties, and their progenies were morphologically and physiologically evaluated each characters at cold water and natural conditions. The segregation modes of leaf discoloration by cold treatment in F
generations are agreed to simple inheritance ratio of R3 : Sl in four crosses among total seven cross combinations. In F
generations, tall one was dominance in culm and panicle length and less reduction in culm and panicle length by cold treatment was overdominance or partial dominance, while more number of panicles per plant was dominance and more increasing of panicle numbers by cold water irrigation was overdominance. Heritability and heterosis in most characters showed high values, and heterosis in remote crosses was especially larger under the cold water treatment condition compare with that under natural condition.
Cellular Structural Change of Barley Seedling on Different Salt Concentration under Hydroponic Culture
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 40, issue 4, 1995, Pages 481~486
The salt stress at seedling stage of winter barley was examined in different concentrations of NaCl containing 1/2 Hoagland solution. Fresh weight of seedling at 30 days after seeding was highest at 25mM of NaCl concentration containing 1/2 Hoagland solution but if the NaCl concentration was more than 50mM it began to decrease seriously. Water content in plant was decreased according to increase of NaCl concentration in 1/2 Hoagland solution, so physiological mechanism of NaCl in barley was different from saline plant. Stoma number per cm
of first leaf was higher than that of control in case of stressed by NaCl but in that case the leaf length was decreased so the number of stoma per first leaf was slightly decreased. Chloroplast shape was not changed by 75mM of high NaCl contained 1/2 Hoagland solution but cell division at root growing point was inhibited by 75mM of NaCl. As the result of salt stress mitochondria was ruined in structure and irregular solid was found to be transfered from the cytoplasm to the cell wall in root growing point.
Selction of Useful Chemicals Reducing Soybean -Sprout Rot
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 40, issue 4, 1995, Pages 487~493
This study was carried out to select useful chemicals to control pathogens inciting soybean-sprout rot. Pathogen strains were isolated from decaying soybean seedlings. The isolated strains were identified as Pseudomonas spp. (Pse. strains) through microbiological test, however, no rot-inciting fungus was isolated. Eight food additives were tested with different concentrations in controlling pathogens and harmfulness. Five chemicals(over 5% cone.) including sodium hypochlorite apparently inhibited the growth of Pse. strains on media plate, however, sodium hypochlorite was discarded due to its severe germination inhibition. Propionic acid and acetic acid inhibited the growth of Pse. strains more effectively than calcium propionate and sodium propionate relatively. As no harmful effect on seed germination and no growth retard of soybean sprouts were observed by those chemicals with lower concentration(0.5∼1.0%), these chemicals were considered to be applicable to sprout rot control judged by the effectiveness and permissible concentration as food additives.
Varietal Differences in Agronomic Characters of Rice Grown on Salty Water Irrigation
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 40, issue 4, 1995, Pages 494~503
The selection of salt tolerant rice variety needs an effective method in its testing. Salinity of irrigated water, 0.5% at seedling stage, 0.6% at tillering stage, and 0.9% at panicle formation stage were treated to test salt tolerance of rice using 45 cultivars. At tillering stage, salty water irrigation reduced plant height to 22.6% in early maturing rices(EMR), 30.5% in medium maturing rices(MMR), and 20.9% in medium-late maturing rices(MLMR), and also reduced number of tillers to 11.2% in EMR, 36.2% in MMR, and 36.0% in MLMR compared to rices grown in non-salty water irrigation. At panicle formation stage of rice, salty water irrigation affected plant height and tiller numbers that showed varietal differences. As salt tolerant rice cultivars, Daegwangbyeo, Namweonbyeo, Sinseonchalbyeo, Gyehwabyeo, and Daeyabyeo were selected. Jinbubyeo, Donghaebyeo, and Tamjinbyeo were weak in salty water irrigation.
Test of Superoxide Dismutase Characteristics and Antioxidant Activity in Perilla Leaves
Hyung-Soo Suh ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 40, issue 4, 1995, Pages 504~511
This study was conducted to investigate the superoxide dismutase (SOD) characteristics and antioxidant activity by nonenzymatic(Fe
/Ascorbate) and Fe
-ADP/NADPH method in perilla(Perilla frutescens var. japonica Hara.) and jaso(Perilla frutescens Briton var. acuta Kudo.) leaves. The characteristics were evaluated by the nitro blue tetrazolium reduction method. Perilla leaves contained three or four major SODs depending on the varieties. The inhibitor test indicated that the Perilla leaves contained two Cu /ZnSODs and one or two FeSODs, but Jaso leaves have only Cu/ZnSOD. However, no varietal differences were detected in the Cu /ZnSOD isozyme patterns. FeSODs, however, showed different varietal isozyme patterns through the different combinations of the two FeSOD isozymes. Among MeOH extractes, "mil yang 2" showed very strong antioxidant activity. Relatively large differences in the levels of SOD and antioxidant activity detected in the Perilla varietites. There was significantly different in the comparison between perilla leaves and red jaso leaves.s.etween perilla leaves and red jaso leaves.
Effect of Nitrogen Top-dressing Method on Grain Quality of Barley in Japanese Volcanic Ash Soil
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 40, issue 4, 1995, Pages 512~517
Effects of nitrogen top-dressing method on quality of barley were evaluted over amount of 2 and 4 kg per 10a on volcanic ash soil in Japan under regrowth stage, productive tiller stage and heading stage. 55% milling time was longer by the amount of top- dressing, but that was not influenced by the times of top-dressing. And glassiness, whiteness, hardness and 8 minute- millng rate were not influenced by times and amounts of top-dressing. Crude protein rate of grain was increased by amount of nitrogen top-dressing, but that did not correlated with time of nitrogen top-dressing. Crude protein rate of grain was positively correlated with 55% milling time. But that did not correlated with whiteness of 8 minute-milled grain. 8 minute-milling rate was negatively correlated with whiteness of 8 minute-milled grain. There was no visible difference of protein matrix with scanning electron microscope in different nitrogen levels.
Variation in Chemical Components of Korean Green Tea (Camellia sinensis L.) Resulted from Developing Stages and Processing Recipe
Byong-Hee Hong ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 40, issue 4, 1995, Pages 518~524
In this study physicochemical characteristics such as crude lipid, crude protein and total sugar contents have been analyzed with samples taken at different developing stages and growing sites, Bongsan-ri(steam-roasted green tea) and Buchun-ri(roasted green tea) area. Leaf area of new leaf was larger in Buchun-ri(7.23cm
) than in Bongsan-ri(6.93cm
). Variation of leaf area by the developing stages was the largest at between stage II (May 5) and stage III(May 18). Dry matters ratio of tea leaf were 26.3% in Bongsan-ri and 26.6% in Buchun-ri. Water content, ash, water-soluble matters, total sugar content of green tea sampled in Bongsan-ri and Buchun-ri were 5.6, 6.1, 33.1, 4.6 and 6.2, 5.8, 35.2, 2.8%, respectivley. Crude lipid, total nitrogen and water-soluble protein, inorganic matters content of green tea sampled in Bongsan-ri and Buchun-ri were 2.8, 5.1, 1.1, 2.56 and 2.2, 5.7, 1.0, 2.34%, respectively. At the later developing stages crude lipid, total sugar contents were increased, whereas total nitrogen had low content. Vitamin C, Vitamin E and Vitamin A content of green tea produced in Bongsan-ri and Buchun-ri area were 413mg%, 71.8mg%, 32.15IU and 311mg%, 52.3mg%, 25.68IU, respectively. Vitamin C and Vitamin E content were increased toward the later sampling stages. Water-soluble matters and water-soluble protein content of green tea prepared by the steam-roasted method and the roasted method were increased by 0.11, 0.13 and 0.09, 0.08%, respectively, compared to unroasted check. Crude lipid content of green tea prepared by the steam-roasted method and the roasted method were decreased by 0.13 and 0.24%, respectively. Total nitrogen content of green tea prepared by the steam-roasted method and the roasted method was changed 0.019 and 0.036%, respectively and total nitrogen content showed minute different between two methods.
Response of Amylase and Peroxidase Activity of Emerging Rice Seeds to Different Temperatures
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 40, issue 4, 1995, Pages 525~532
The periods of germination and seedling emergence, epidermal cell size and the activities of peroxidase and amylase of 6 rice cultivars were examined to clarify the response to 3 temperature conditions, constant temperatures of 27
and alternating temperature of 24/1
, in the dark condition. The periods of germination and seedling emergence were increased and the germination was delayed greater than the seedling emergence under 17
, compared with 27
. Lengths of epidermal cell of coleoptile and first leaf were reduced, but the widths were increased in the 17
, compared with 27
. The activities of peroxidase in the emerging shoots and amylase in the germinating seeds were reduced in 17
. There were significant correlations between peroxidase activities and the widths of epidemal cell of first leaf and between amylase activities and periods of germination. Varietal differences of all observations were remarkable in 17
and 24 /1
Differences of Electrical Conductivity, Organic and Inorganic Constituents in Leakage from Aged and Non-aged Vegetable Seeds
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 40, issue 4, 1995, Pages 533~541
The leakage characteristics of electrical conductivity, inorganic constituents-K, Ca, Mg and Na, total sugar and total amino acid from the exudates of some vegetable seeds of viable and non-viable(artificially aged) were quantified to get basic information about the detection of the non-viable seeds. The crops studied were radish, cabbage, broccoli, onion and carrot. The time course electrolyte leakage was different from viable and non-viable seed of cruciferae but not sensitive in onion and carrot seed In inorganic constituents, potassium leakage was the greatest amount and difference between viable and non-viable seeds, but Ca, Mg and Na leakages were not as much differences as potassium. Total sugar as glucose and total amino acid as glycin leaked a lot more in aged radish, cabbage and broccoli seed than non-aged seed and the large differences were appeared after 4 hour imbibition. As a results, in general the leakages from the aged seeds were greater than from the non-aged seeds in most components tested but they were varied depending on species or varieties and components.