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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Crop Science
Editor in Chief :
Lee, Sang Chul
Volume & Issues
Volume 41, Issue 6 - Dec 1996
Volume 41, Issue 5 - Oct 1996
Volume 41, Issue 4 - Aug 1996
Volume 41, Issue 3 - Jun 1996
Volume 41, Issue 2 - Apr 1996
Volume 41, Issue spc1 - Mar 1996
Volume 41, Issue 1 - Feb 1996
Selecting the target year
Growth, Disease Damage and Yield of Vegetable Soybean Seeds Produced at Highland of Korea and in Japan
Eun-Hui Hong ;
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 41, issue 3, 1996, Pages 257~265
To obtain the basic informations necessary to develop the production technology of vegetable soybean seeds, this study was conducted at the National Crop Experiment Station, RDA, Suwon, Korea in 1993. Seeds of three vegetable soybean varieties, 'Mikawashima', 'Hwaeomputkong', and 'Seokryangputkong' produced at Pyeongchang, a highland in Korea and introduced from Japan were planted on April 20 in the field. The emergence rate among varieties was significanlty different. Emergence rate of seeds produced at Pyeongchang was higher by 7% than that of the seeds from Japan. Rate of pod infection by Phamapsis spp., brown spot by Septaria glycines, soybean mosaic virus(SMV), and downy mildew by Peronospora manshurica in the field was not different between locations. The growth characteristics, yield components, and green pod and grain yields were not different between locations. Therefore, it was proved that the production of vegetable soybean seeds with the better quality and higher emergence is possible in highland, Korea. possible in highland, Korea.
Varietal Classification of Introduced Forage Sorghum Germplasm for Parental Line Selection on
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 41, issue 3, 1996, Pages 266~273
To obtain basic information on forage sorghum F
hybrid breeding a total of 16 lines were selected from 311 introduced sorghum germplasm accessions, assessed and classified by the taxonomic distance and principal component analysis. The lines of which plant height and morphological characters were diverse and the 50% flowering date was similar to each other, were selected for parental lines in sorghum
sweet sorghum and sorghum
sudangrass crossing groups. Three varietal groups were classified by the average linkage cluster analysis based on the D
computed in eleven characters. Group I, II and III included 6 lines of sudangrass, 4 lines of sweet sorghum and 6 lines of grain sorghum, respectively. In the result of principal component analysis for eleven characters, about 82% of total variation could be appreciated by the first four principal components, the first principal component was highly loaded with head compactness and shape, l00-seed weight, plant color and grain covering, the second principal component with flowering date, plant height and awnness.
Effects of Polymer Coating on Seed Vigour in Rice
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 41, issue 3, 1996, Pages 274~285
These experiments were conducted to evaluate the effects of seed coating with ten environmentally acceptable polymers, on germination percentage, water uptake, respiration, emergence and seedling growth characteristics. The water absorption of polymer-coated seeds in saturation condition was highest in klucel and lowest in polyvinyl pyrrolidone(PVP), and that in water was highest in klucel and lowest in maltrin. Respiration rates of polymer-coated seeds in Hwayoungbyeo and Ilpumbyeo were lower than those of none-coated seeds, and those in Daecheongbyeo and Jinmibyeo were higher than that of none-coated seeds, and those of sepiret coated seeds were higher than PVP coated seeds. The germination polimer-coated seed was reduced by one percentage by coating with seed coating machine. Germination percentage was not affected by any of polymer coating in high quality seed, but there were significant effects in low quality seed coating with waterlock, surelease 46 and sepiret significantly reduced germination some cultivars. Germination percentage after accelated ageing treatment were slightly higher most of polymer-coated seeds than in none-coated seeds, but those of sepiret-and klucel-coated seeds were lower significantly. Germination percentage of seeds coated with daran 8600, rnaltrin, sacrust and opadry were enhanced slightly under cold test other polimers reduced germination. The seedling height of polymer-coated seeds were longer than those of none-coated seeds, but those of waterlock, PVP and maltrin coating seeds were shorter, seedling hight was shortened by polimer coating under cold test. Polymer-coated seeds showed higher emergence percentage, shorter emergence time in field condition. The highest emergence percentage and the shortest emergence time was shown at 90% soil moisture content.
Effects of Slow-release Fertilizer Application on Rice Grain Quality at Different Culture Methods
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 41, issue 3, 1996, Pages 286~294
This experiment was conducted to determine the rice quality between slowlelease fertilizer(SRF) and conventional fertilizer (CF) with the amount of 100% and 80% under direct seeding on dry paddy field, respectively. In rice quality, the percentage of matured grain and immatured grain was higher in CF with machine transplanting than in SRF with direct seeding, and the less amount of fertilizer applied, the lower percentage of immatured grain was obtained. The percentage of carbohydrate showed the difference between CF and SRF, and higher at the level of 100% applicated than that of 80% application. The contents of fat and ash were higher in CF with less fertilizer, and there was no trend to different cultural methods but it was related to the amount of fertilizer in amylose content. The nitrogen and sodium content of milled rice was high in SRF under machine transplanting as well as direct seeding. Calcium and magnesium content showed high in direct seeding but there was not significantly difference between CF and SRF.
Effects of Sprout Length,
Coating and Seeding Depth on Seedling Stand and Early Growth in Puddled-soil Drill Seeding of Rice
Dong-Sam Cho ; Soo-Yeon Cho ;
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 41, issue 3, 1996, Pages 295~301
This study was carried out to clarify the effect of sprout length, burried depth of seed and CaO
seed coating on emergence, seedling stand and early growth of rice in puddled-soil drill seeding at Junbuk in 1995. The cultivar tested was Dongjinbyeo(Japonica type). Although the longer sprouted seeds were caused the better seedling stand, 4mm sprout length of seeds appeared to be appropriate for good seedling stand and seeding uniformity, while 6mm sprouted seed resulted in ununiform seedling establishment. Rapid emergence and increased seedling stand were obtained by CaO
seed coating, which had effect more on soaked seed than on sprouted seed, but the seedling stand of sprouted seeds significantly reduced at deeper than 1cm seeding depth and also emergence rate of sprouted seeds significantly reduced at deeper than 2cm seeding depth.
Variation of Anthocyanin Content in Color-Soybean Collections
Hyung-Soo Suh ;
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 41, issue 3, 1996, Pages 302~307
Seed coat anthocyanin can be purified by soaking 3 times in methanol solution supplemented with one percent of HCl. Anthocyanin content was very wide range in collected lines and average anthocyanin content of black seed coat lines was 15.07 permillage, but that of white mottled on brown seed coat lines was 0.31 permillage. In black seed coat lines green seed embryo type has more anthocyanin in amount compare to yellow seed embryo. Anthocyanin accumulation was promoted in late maturing lines compare to early maturing lines. Positive correlations were observed among 100 seed weight, days to flowering, days to growing and anthocyanin content, but negative correlation between days from flowering to maturity and anthocyanin content. Collected black seed coat lines were divided into two maturity groups. Group VI which has longer than group V in days to maturity accumulated more anthocyanin compare to group V. When the seeding date was May 15, highest anthocyanin content was observed.
Culm Characteristics of Rice Plant Related to Lodging Resistance under Different Nitrogen Levels in Direct Seeding on Flooded Paddy Surface
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 41, issue 3, 1996, Pages 308~317
These experiments were conducted to investigate variation of physical characteristics of the culm related to lodging resistance by nitrogen levels under direct seeding on flooded paddy surface. The number of seedling per m
were from 103 to 110 plants, and seedling ratios were ranged from 66.7% to 71.2%. The lodging occurrence were increased in order to the nitrogen levels 15 kg, 10 kg, 5 kg /10a, and the lodging resistant varieties ; Dongjinbyeo and Cheongmyungbyeo showed less values of field lodging than those of lodging susceptible varieties ; Daecheongbyeo, Palgongbyeo and H waseongbyeo. The lodging resistance was decreased in semidwarf varieties compare with long culm varieties, but Dongjinbyeo, long culm variety has lodging resistance. The occurrence of lodging decreased with lower values in top moment, but with higher values in the breaking moment with leaf sheath. The root dry weight positively correlated with weight of culm base, but modulus of section was negatively correlated with bending curvature, respectively.
Interactions among Carbon Isotope Discrimination, Water Use Efficiency and Nitrogen Nutrition in Wheat and Barley
Young Kil, Kang ; Richard A., Richards ; Anthony G., Condon ;
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 41, issue 3, 1996, Pages 318~331
Large and small seeds (44 and 22 mg per caryopsis) of a spring wheat (cv. Kulin) and a spring barley (cv. Skiff) were sown at two nitrogen rates (equivalent to 10 and 32 g m
) in well-watered pots under outdoor conditions to determine the effects of seed size and nitrogen (N) nutrition on water use efficiency (WUE) and carbon isotope discrimination (
) and to evaluate interaction among
, WUE and N nutrition in wheat and barley. Barley produced, on average, 105% more biomass (root＋shoot dry weight) than wheat at stem elongation because of early vigor. By anthesis this difference had disappeared as wheat had 16% more biomass than barley which headed 3 days earlier. Compared to plants grown from small seed, plants grown from large seed had much greater biomass in wheat than in barley at stem elongation and anthesis. Higher N nutrition increased average biomass of wheat and barley by 40 and 31%, respectively, at anthesis. Barley had 35 and 20% greater WUE (biomass gained/transpiration) than wheat at stem elongation and anthesis, respectively, and 2.0 to 3.6% lower
in aboveground shoots depending on growth stages and plant parts than wheat which had a greater stomatal conductance than barley. Seed size had a variable effect on WUE and did not affected
values. Water use efficiency was not affected by N rate at stem elongation in wheat and barley whereas WUE was increased 2 and 7%, respectively, in wheat and barley at anthesis with increasing N from 10 to 32 g m
. High N plants had about 2.5% lower
values regardless of growth stages than low N plants across species and seed sizes. Carbon isotope discrimination was negatively correlated with WUE at anthesis but not at stem elongation.
Classification of Sweet Potato Varieties Based on Esterase Isozymes and Protein Patterns
;Jeom-Ho Ryu;Seong-Geun Oh;
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 41, issue 3, 1996, Pages 332~339
Electrophoretic method was utilized to classify 100 varieties of sweet potato germplasm maintained at the National Crop Experiment Station of Korea in 1993. The esterase isozyme patterns in the leaves were classified into 14 different types. Type Ⅸ included the most of the varieties (46) tested and Ⅶ, I, III, Ⅷ, II and V types of all included 47 varieties in order. The other 7 varieties had different band pattern with each other. Type I having many kind of band pattern included Shinyulmi, Beniastma and High starch which had the dry type of tuberous roots varieties. The esterase isozymes pattern in the tuberous roots were classified with 18 kinds of types. The C type included 22 varieties and B, K, A, E, I and N in order. The proteins pattern in the tuberous roots were classified with 7 kinds of types. I type included 36 varieties, and IV type included 27 varieties and II, III, Ⅶ and Ⅵ types in order.
Affection of SMV -G5H Strain on Plant Growth and Seed Chemical Composition of Soybean Variety, Danyeobkong
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 41, issue 3, 1996, Pages 340~347
Soybean [Glycjne max Merr. L.] variety 'Danyeobkong' was inoculated with soybean mosaic virus SMV-G5H strain in field and green house at Crop Experiment Station in 1995. The effects of this virus strain on plant characteristics and seed chemical composition of the soybean variety Danyeobkong were evaluated. Yield, the number of pod and 100 seed weight were significantly reduced by SMV-G5H strain infection. Inoculation of SMV-G5H strain of soybean mosaic virus caused the increment of seed protein content and the decrement of seed oil content in the soybean variety Danyeobkong. Changing pattern of fatty acid composition by SMV-G5H strain infection was varied according to the experimental place. In field trial, the percentage of linoleic and linolenic acids decreased and stearic and oleic acids increased in the seed oil from virus infected plants. In green house trial, however, linolenic and oleic acids were increased, whereas palmitic and linoleic acids were reduced.
Improvement of Mutation Rate and Reduction of Somatic Effects by Double Treatment of Chemical Mutagens in Barley
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 41, issue 3, 1996, Pages 348~353
Mutation tachniques inducing more useful mutations and reducing somatic effects need to be improved for crop breeding. Seeds of barley varieties ; Dema, Grosso were treated with two types of mutagens ; 1) chemical treatment: single treatment or double treatment of two mutagens (N-nitroso-N-methylurea ; MNH, Sodium Azide; NaN
) 2) gamma ray irradiation treatment. After treatment, half of seeds were used for germination test and half of seeds were sown to the field. With the higher dose of mutagen both chemical and gamma ray were plants treated, the higher rate of growth reduction rate was in M
seedling. In chemical treatment, germination rate of seeds, growth rate of coleoptile and root in double treatment of chemical mutagens were better than single treatments, especially in same dose. Growth inhibition rate of plant in double treatment of 1.0mM MNH(0.5mM MNH + 0.5mM MNH), for example, were less than one of plants of single treatment of 1.0mM MNH in pot and petri dish test. Growth reduction rate of culm and fertility rate in M
plants double treated in same dose of single treatment were also less than single one. With the higher dose of mutagen both chemical and gamma ray were plants treated, the higher frequency of chlorophyll mutants was in M
seedling. The rate of chlorophyll mutants in double treatment of chemical mutagens were higher than single treatment. Double treatment methods can be a improved method for induction of new good mutants, which were induced more useful mutations and reduced harmful somatic effects.
Effects of Chemical Contents Variation in Covered Barley Seed on Near Infrared Reflectance Spectroscopy
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 41, issue 3, 1996, Pages 354~361
Near Infrared Reflectance Spectroscopy(NIRS) is accepted as today's most versatile method for rapid chemical analysis. The technique offers rapid multicomponent analysis. This study was conducted to improve the efficiency of quality analysis in covered barley grain, and to search for the effects of chemical components variation in covered barley grain on NIRS. Among the three groups with different range in the contents, each equation for starch contents increased standard error of prediction(SEP) and increased correlation coefficient from 0.872 to 0.883. According as,
-glucan and protein contents decreased SEP and increased correlation coefficient by expanded chemical components variation. Effective equation for ash contents analysis was obtained from group 3. Among the covered barley chemical components, starch and ash contents were required to conduct futher studies in term of accuracy and variation of contents. It was concluded that NIRS method would be applicable for the rapid determination of
-glucan and protein contents in covered barley grains.
Changes in Days to Drying and Some Chemical Components by Different Drying Methods in Paeoniae radix
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 41, issue 3, 1996, Pages 362~369
Seven different drying methods were tested in peony roots of Euisung cultivar, harvested in February, in three year's old plant. The roots were selected in length and diameter and half of the samples were removed cork-layers to compare the effects of cork-layer in processing of drying. The 3
heat drying without cork-layer reduced in days to drying by five days compared to those of the with cork-layers at the same temperature. The 5
heat drying after cork-layers removed was the most effective in days to drying. In quality of skin color of the 5
heating was worse to compare with the lower drying temperature. In the drying at room temperature and the heat drying at lower temperature, the paeoniflorin content in drying after cork-layers removed were higher than that of the drying with cork-layers. However, in the boiling water treatment, the paeoniflorin contents in drying after cork-layers removed were lower than those of with cork-layers. In heat drying, paeoniflorin content showed a decreasing tendency to increase of drying temperature. Total sugars in the peony roots showed a decreasing tendency according to the drying temperature increasing, but starch concentration showed a increasing tendency at the same condition. Concentrations of crude protein, crude fiber and crude ash were showed no differences in various drying methods and the materials with or without cork-layers. Relationships between the paeoniflorin and total sugars, and the paeoniflorin and starch were different significantly by the materials of cork-layers removed or not. The 30~4
heat drying without cork-layers was the most advisable condition for drying in paeoniflorin concentration, days to drying and skin color after drying.
Comparison of Dry-Seeding Methods for Improving Rice Seedling Stand on Reclaimed Saline Soil
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 41, issue 3, 1996, Pages 370~375
This study was conducted to find out the feasibility in direct seeded rice cultivation on the reclaimed saline soil. Seedling emergence was tested under the different application rates of rice straw and seeding depth, and also under combined treatments soil moisture regimes and seeding depth on saline soils in a greenhouse. The comparison of seedling stand and yield performance of rice in rotary till after broadcast seeding and in non-plow after broadcast seeding were tested on a field that reclaimed saline soil. Seedling emergence ratio in application of rice straw(4 and 6 tons /ha) was higher than that in non-application of rice straw. Seedling emergence and plant height were remarkably increased with the shallow seeding depth in the application of rice straw(4 tons /ha). The seedling emergence under proper soil moisture condition(25%) was higher than that under excess soil moisture condition(35%). Under proper soil moisture condition, the plant height was increased with the shallowed seeding depth. The number of seedling stand per m
in non-plow after broadcast seeding was larger than that in rotary till after broadcast seeding. Panicle number per m
in non-plow after broadcast seeding was much larger than that in rotary till after broadcast seeding and the yield showed the same trends as panicle number.
Yangshao Culture and Rice Culture - In Relations to Dissemination of Rice Culture Towards to the North - East of China -
Chang, Juzhong ; Wang, Xiangkun ; Cui, Zong Jun ; Heu, Mun Hue ;
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 41, issue 3, 1996, Pages 376~383
Distribution of archaeological sites where the rice and Itallian millets were excavated was discussed in relation to the rice culture of Yangshao era. According to the distribution of the sites where the rice and Italian millet remains were excavated, the putative border of rice growing area, Italian millet growing area and mixed-cropping area were drawn. Discussions were made about the drifting of the area of mixed-cropping, north and south, depending on the climates of archaeological eras, The climates of the eras were discussed with the various remains of animals and plants excavated from each era's sites. Examining the chronology of mixed-cropping area the extension of rice culture were traced chronologically. And the extension of rice culture towards north-east during the last period of Yangshao era, and the feasibilities of transfer to the Han-river mouth area in Korea, 5,000 aBP(about Before Present), were discussed.
Seed Characteristics and Accelerating Method of Germination in Bupleurum falcatum
Eunil, Lee ; Seok Hyeon, Kim ;
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 41, issue 3, 1996, Pages 384~394
The experiment was conducted to determine the seed characteristics and preferable methods to enhance the seed germination rate in Bupleurum falcatum. The optimum temperature for the seed germination of Bupleurum falcatum is 2
. Any significant promoting effects were not found in seed germination with hormone treatments and physical methods. At 15
, prechilling combined with 50~200ppm of GA
treatment raised germination rate by 2 times of control ones. The most positive effect was observed in the treatment of 10
M potassium nitrate only at 15
for 12 and 24 hours. The leachate of Bupleurum falcatum didn't inhibit the germination of Lactuca sativa, showing almost 100% of germination rate, which is suggested that no inhibitors contained in the seeds of Bupleurum falcatum. Observation of embryo conditions under stereoscopic microscope showed that the ratio of seeds with or without embryo is almost 50/50. The results suggested that the lower rate of germination in Bupleurum falcatum was caused by embryolessness of seeds.