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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Journal of Crop Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Crop Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 41, Issue 6 - Dec 1996
Volume 41, Issue 5 - Oct 1996
Volume 41, Issue 4 - Aug 1996
Volume 41, Issue 3 - Jun 1996
Volume 41, Issue 2 - Apr 1996
Volume 41, Issue spc1 - Mar 1996
Volume 41, Issue 1 - Feb 1996
Selecting the target year
Varietal Difference in Lodging - related Characteristics in Rice
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 41, issue 4, 1996, Pages 395~404
This experiment was to evaluate the growth characteristics of lodging resistance cultivated at sandbed in rice varieties. Five varieties were used in this studies. The leaf area, leaf dry weight, culm dry weight and total dry weight of cultivated rice seedling at sandbed showed the maximal values at heading stage, but decreased according to growth development. The number of newly developed roots of rice seedlings cultivated at sand pot were the most at the 30 days seedling stage, but those were decreasing at 40 to 45 days seedling stage. Cheongmyungbyeo and Dongjinbyeo showed the most vigor in newly developed roots. The bending moment at breaking of rice internodes were the largest at the 4th node, but decreased at the top internodes. Cheongmyungbyeo and Dongjinbyeo were proved lodging resistant varieties by the bending moment. The weight of culm base was positively correlated with bending moment at breaking of rice culm, but lodging index was negatively correlated weight of culm base and root dry weight, respectively.
Nutrient Absorption and Endosperm Consumption in Rice Seedling
Soo-Yeon Cho ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 41, issue 4, 1996, Pages 405~410
To elucidate the pattern of nutrient absorption and endosperm consumption as the seedling age of rice, Dongjinbyeo was raised in the seedling box with different nitrogen levels. Absorption of nitrogen and phosphorus were high in the order of artificial seed bed soil, sand with N-1g /box and sand without N from 3 and 5 days after seeding but, potassium wasn't significantly different between sand＋N-1g /box and sand. Endosperm consumption rate was high in the order of artificial seed bed soil, sand ＋ N-1g /box and sand but, endosperm dependence rate (endosperm consumption /top dry weight) was vice versa. Seedling height and dry weight were higher in the order of artificial seed bed soil, sand+N-1g /box and sand from 3 days after seeding, number of leaves were more from 5 days after seeding in same order.
Changes in Chemical Components of Stagnant Water by Tillage Method and Amount of Nitrogen Application in Wet Seeded Rice after Barley Straw Mulching
Tae Hwan Noh ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 41, issue 4, 1996, Pages 411~419
The experiment was aimed to determine a change of chemical component in irrigatted water based on different tillage methods and nitrogen rates under mulching of barley straw in direct seeded rice. There was no difference in water pH of no-tillaged plot but high in tillaged plot until 10 days after treatment. The electric conductivity(EC) of the water was higher in no-tillaged plot than in tillaged plot. However, the dissolved oxygen content was vice versa. The content of NH
-N was high in higher application rate of N fertilizer without the tillage. Mean while, NO
-N content was highly affected by no-till aged plot particularly in between application time and fertilizer rate but not in tillaged plot. There was higher in P043- content with the no-tillaged plot compared to the tillaged plot. It was big difference with higher application rate of the fertilizer. Soil cations were high in much application of fertilizer without the tillage.
Rice Growth and Yield at Different Cultural Methods under No-tillage Condition
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 41, issue 4, 1996, Pages 420~428
This study was conducted to investigate the response of growth and yield of rice under five different cultural methods, machine transplanting(MTNT), puddled drill seeding (PDSNT), drill seeding on soil surface (DSNT) , broadcasting on soil surface (BSNT) under no-tillage paddy condition and conventional machine transplanting(MTT) in Jeonbuk series(siltyloam soil) from 1993 to 1995. Soil hardness was higher in no-tillage soil and increased with highly difference between tillaged and no-tillage soil with deeper soil depth. Bulk density was heavier in no-tillage soil and porosity was higher in tilled soil than that of the control. The rate of effective tiller was higher in MTT, following MTNT, PDSNT, DSNT and BSNT. Weed occurrence was more serious in no-tillage soil, than that of tillaged soil. The rate of lower internode length was lower in DSNT and BSNT and was similar with MTT in PDSNT and MTNT. Height of center gravity in terms of lodging tolerance was lower in direct seeding than in machine transplanting. Depth of buried culm was shorter in no-tillage soil, especially in DSNT and BSNT. Total amount of root was higher in MTT, following MTNT, PDSNT, BSNT and BSNT and the distribution rate of root in shallower soil layer was higher in no-tillage soil, especially in BSNT and DSNT. Field lodging occured highly in BSNT, following DSNA, PDSNT and MTNT with high lodging scale in DSNT and BSNT. Panicle number per unit land square meter was the highest in MTT and the least in BSNT. Ripened grain ratio was low in BSNT and DSNT due to heavy lodging. Yield of milled rice was 93% in PDSNT, 87% in DSNT, 81% in BSNT and 96% in MTNT, compared with 534kg /10a in MTT.
C-banding Pattern of Mitotic Chromosome in Korean Indigenous Maize
Lee, In-Sup ; Choe, Bong-Ho ; Gustafson, J. P. ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 41, issue 4, 1996, Pages 429~433
A Giemsa C-banding method was used for the identification of somatic chromosomes of Korean indigenous maize(Zea mays L.). Two Korean indigenous maize stocks and an American hybrid maize for comparison were examined. Ten deeply stained heterochromatic knobs whose position and size were different between the genotypes, two satellites and interstitial bands were observed. The length of homologous chromosomes compared by the relative lengths of chromosomes presented as a percentage of the length of chromosome 10 were different between the genotypes. The Giemsa method proved to be useful for the identification of somatic chromosomes and for the characterization of different stocks of Korean indigenous maize.
Varietal Difference of Viviparity and Germination - Inhibition of Rice Hull Extracts
Bong-Ku Kim ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 41, issue 4, 1996, Pages 434~440
This experiment were conducted to elucidate the damage by viviparity during grain filling on grain quality and hulling recovery and to understand the varietal differences of viviparity and the effect of extractive from rice hull of hardly viviparous varieties on seed germination and seedling growth. Ten rice cultivars, such as three indica, four japonica and three Tongil-type rices, were used in this study. The brown rice yield was decreased along with increasing the artificial viviparous treatment periods. At six days after treatment, brown rice yield of Daeseongbyeo was reduce 20% as compared with control. The ratio of head rice was 41.3% at six days after viviparous treatment with
temperature and over 95% relative humidity, while it was 99.5% in control. Varietal differences of viviparity in three rice groups were ranged from 1.1 to 5.2% in indica rices, 9.2 to 79.7% in japonica rices and 2.1 to 63.7% in Tongil-type rices. Methanol extractives from rice hull of IR36, Shinunbongbyeo and Jungwonbyeo inhibited significantly the germination of Deaseongbyeo.
Effect of Foliar Application of Boron on Growth and Yield in Sesame
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 41, issue 4, 1996, Pages 441~449
This study was conducted to find the changes of growth, seed yield and several characteristics of sesame by leaf spray of boron as a solution which is likely to be lack in the soil. It is carried out at low land developed 5 years ago. The amount of 200l /l0a boron as boric acid is sprayed in each treatment at the 11 node stage of sesame in main stem. The spraying concentrations of boric acid are 0.0, 0.2 and 0.4% in each treatment of the level low plot and the ridge height 15cm plot. The result shows that leaf area is increased in proportion to the concentration of boric acid in each treatment of the level low and the ridge height 15cm, and the degree of increase of each node order is remarkable in lower leaves and is more remarkable in the treatment of level low plot. The effects of leaf spray of boric acid are not only the increase of leaf area but also dry weight, no. of capsule per plant, 1,000 grains weight of capsule setting under middle position. As a result, the amount of seed is increased in 53% in the treatment of level low. The change of major characteristics according to leaf spray of boric acid is generally great in the treatment of level low. Especially the increase of leaf area in the part of upper leaves and low leaves is effective to improve other characteristics.
Isolation and Identification of Squalene and Antineoplastic Activity of Its Residue Extract in Amaranth
Jung-Il Lee ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 41, issue 4, 1996, Pages 450~455
In this study isolation and identification of squalene from amaranth and antineoplastic activity of its residue extract except squalene were determined to examine the utilization of grain amaranth in Korea. The content of squalene in amaranth grain was about 0.43%. The isolated squalene showed 99% pureness containing the identical molecular weight and structure provisionally in comparison with that of animal squalene from Sigma Co. by means of GC /Mass spectrum. Antineoplastic activity against human gastric and colon carcinoma cell line was measured in extract (except squalene) from Amaranth using MTT method. Extract from remaining plant good showed significant cytotoxic effect at the concentration of less than 230
Purification and Properties of Wheat Fructan Exohydrolase
Byeong Ryong, Jeong ; Thomas L, Housley ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 41, issue 4, 1996, Pages 456~464
Fructans are the major vegetative storage carbohydrate in wheat(Triticum aestivum L.). The depolymerization of fructans occurs by the sequential removal of terminal fructosyl residues by a specific fructan exohydrolase(FEH). The objective of this study was to isolate and characterize this enzyme in wheat. From stems and sheaths of field-grown wheat(cv. Clark), FEH was purified 356-fold using salt precipitation and a series of chromatographic procedures including size exclusion, anion exchange, and affinity chromatography. FEH had a molecular weight of 63.7 kD and an optima at pH 5.5 and 3
(2 longrightarrow1) linked oligofructans varied, from 10 to 37mM, with the lowest
for tetrasaccharide. The
increased as degree of polymerization (DP) increased. Wheat FEH hydrolyzed only,
(2 longrightarrow1) linked fructans but not,
(2 longrightarrow6) linked timothy fructan or sucrose. The role of this FEH in fructan metabolism in wheat is discussed.sed.
Effects of Seed Soaking of Kinetin on Alleviating Copper Toxicity during Germination in Rice
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 41, issue 4, 1996, Pages 465~474
The study was carried out to determine the proper concentration of plant growth regulator, kinetin on alleviating copper toxicity for two rice cultivars of seed germination. The results were as followings : Soaking treatment of kinetin 10
M increased the germination rate of both cultivars, Ilpumbyeo and Hyangmibyeo 1 by 92% and 88% as compared with copper treatment (60ppm). But the soaking treatment effect of plant growth regulator, kinetin was not recognized at the kinetin 10
M and 10
M. Chlorophyll content of both rices was higher than that of Hyangmibyeo 1. Copper content of Ilpumbyeo was higher in leaf than in seed part. At the 3 days after treatment of copper 60ppm, both cultivars of treatment of kinetin 1O-3M showed the somewhat thin bands at the 35 and 40kDa compared with others. A new protein band pattern was only appeared to kinetin 1O-3M at approximately 54.4kDa(M. W) at the 7 days after treatment of copper 60ppm in llpumbyeo cultivar, SOD activity of copper 60ppm treatment increased in 3DAT, but there were no significant differences in 5 and 7DAT of two cultivars. Free proline contents of copper 60ppm treatment in llpumbyeo were remarkably increased about 4.996
M. In particular, free proline content of kinetin l0
M in Ilpumbyeo was 5.008
M in 3DAT. In case of Hwangmibyeo 1, free proline content of copper 60ppm was 5.825
M compared with an untreated control showing 2.34l
M. The effects of kinetin treatment were recognized to promote the root growth and germination rate under copper toxicity(60ppm) condition in both cultivars.
Effect of Space Limitation of Rhizosphere on Morphology and Development of Root System in Tobacco Seedlings
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 41, issue 4, 1996, Pages 475~481
This study was carried out to acquire the basic information of root growth under different pot size, imposing different space limitation on rhizosphere. Different size of pots that had same surface area but different depth, 5cm(Iength)
30, 15, 5cm(depth), were used during the seedling stage of tobacco plant. Space limitation on rhizosphere affected not only the aerial growth, stem height, leaf area and shoot dry weight, but also root growth and root architecture. Aerial growth was highly related to growth of underground part, so space limitation on rhizosphere decreased aerial growth. Limitation on pot volume by reducing pot depth induced new rooting on crown. Root number and relative multiplication rate were higher in small pot that had 5cm depth than large pot, but total root length and mean extension rate showed reverse patterns. Root numbers of 1st order and 2nd order were increased as pot depth was increased, but the root number of 3rd order was increased in small pot. Root system of seedling grown in large pot distributed more horizontally than that in small pot at 20 days after temporary planting (DAT), but the root architecture of seedling was reversed at 25 DAT.
Variation of Sugar Content in Different Parts of Seedling during Germination in Phaseolus vulgaris
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 41, issue 4, 1996, Pages 482~488
The experiment was carried out to the find variation of the sugar contents in the tip and basal part of the cotyledon and remaining portion of embryos in Phaseolus vulgahs seeds during germination with HPLC analysis method. Water content in cotyledon of kidney bean seed was about 6.4~6.5 of fresh weight and incresed to 45.8~71.2% during germination showing that tip part of cotyledon has more water content by 1.1~3.8% compared to the lower part of it. Higher water onten was observed in the rest parts of the seed except cotyledon such as plumule, radicle and hypocotyl showing that it increased to 72.2~93.3% depending on the different tissue organs. Main important sugars in kidney seeds during germination stages are; raffinose, sucrose, glucose and fructose, and the amount are differed with the kinds of embryo in kidney bean seed organs and stages of germination. Raffinose amount in kidney bean is increasing repeatly when seeds become wet but disappear it soon after seed have germinated especially in growing embryo parts. Raffinose in basal parts of cotyledons were still presented some an amount after germination. Sucrose is synthesized highly in plumule embryo at the beginning stage of germination but disappeared it from 5 days after seeding stages. Amount of sucrose in cotyledon of kidney seeds and seedlings increased continuously after germination. The amount of glucose and fructose in the cotyledons of kidney seeds during germination varied 5~10% or 5~15% but in the germinating and growing organs, plumule, they increased continuously after germination.
Effect of Soil Strength on Seedling Emergence of Rice and Barnyardgrasses in Direct Dry-Seeding
Yong-Woong Kwon ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 41, issue 4, 1996, Pages 489~495
Seedling emergences of four rice varieties (Dongjinbyeo, Dadajo, Galsaekggarak-sharebyeo, and Italiconaverneco) and three barnyardgrass species(Echjnochloa oryzjcola, E. crus-gali var. crus gali E. crus-gali var. praticola) were evaluated in relation to soil strength. Soil strength was varied by compressing the entire volume of soil with a hydraulic jack so as to be 0.5, 1, 2, 3, 6kg /
. Soil strength was measured with a penetrometer (Yamanaka type) and soil covering above the seed was 4cm deep. Experiments were conducted at two air temperature conditions of 17 and
. At a soil strength of up to 2kg/
, little or no decrease in seedling emergence occurred in all rice varieties and barnyardgrasses tested. Above that value, seedling emergence decreased progressively as the soil strength increased. The degree of decrease was greatest in Dongjinbyeo and smallest in Dadajo among tested rice varieties, and greatest in Echinochloa oryzicola among barnyardgrasses, being greater in barnyardgrasses than rice. Seedling emergence was delayed almost linearly as the soil strength increased. The delay was greatest in Dongjinbyeo among rice varieties and in Echinochloa oryzicola among barnyardgrasses. Mesocotyl length increased as soil strength increased up to 2 to 3kg /
in Dongjinbyeo and Dadajo in 17
, and up to 6kg/
in Galsaekggaraksharebyeo and Italiconaverneco in
. Dongjinbyeo showed the least elongation of mesocotyl among rice varieties in any soil strength. The total length of mesotyl, first internode and incomplete leaf showed little variation with soil strength. The total length was longer than the 4cm covering depth in other varieties except Dongjinbyeo. This might have caused the lower emergence rate in Dongjinbyeo than other varieties in higher soil strength.
Effects of Shading and Organic Matter Applications on Growth and Aromatic Constituents of Codonopsis lanceolata
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 41, issue 4, 1996, Pages 496~504
The study was conducted to obtain the basic information on increasing aromatic degrees by shading and organic matter application on Condonopsis lanceolata. The result were as followings : Fresh root wt. in shading 55 % treatment was increased about twices, whereas fresh root weight in non-shading was decreased. But growth of ground parts such as vine length, leaf width, and leaf number was promoted under non-shading treatment. Macroelements such as K, Ca, and Mg, were increased in non-shading and higher organic matter application. The components such as crude protein, fiber, and ash were increased in the shading 55% treatment compared with non-shading. In the sixteen amino acids, arginine contents were the highest in non-shading and organic matter 30M/T. Recovery yield of essential oil was 0.005% in non-shading. The highest was organic matter 30M/T in the non-shading as 0.007%. Major aromatic constituents were 11 kinds of aliphatic alcohols such as I-hexanol, cis-3-hexenol, and trans-2-hexanal. As a result, major aromatic degree was higher in shading 55%, also increased in the much organic matter application. It was considered to be applied dense shading 55% and much organic matters to produce Condonopsis lanceolata plants which have high aroma and good quality.