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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Crop Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Crop Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 41, Issue 6 - Dec 1996
Volume 41, Issue 5 - Oct 1996
Volume 41, Issue 4 - Aug 1996
Volume 41, Issue 3 - Jun 1996
Volume 41, Issue 2 - Apr 1996
Volume 41, Issue spc1 - Mar 1996
Volume 41, Issue 1 - Feb 1996
Selecting the target year
Effect of Crude Extracts and Chopped Shoot Application of Allium spp. on Rice Growth
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 41, issue 6, 1996, Pages 625~633
Crude extracts of 4 Allium SPP. such as welsh onion, onion, chinese chives and garlic were purified by paper chromatography and these activities were bio-assayed with rice seedlings. The stem and leaf slices of Allium spp. were treated and rice seedlings were planted in the soil to know the effect of its application on rice growth. The weak acidic fraction of Allium SPP. enhanced the growth and rooting of rice seedlings and had greater activity in promoting than in inhibiting the growth on rice seedling. Elongation of the second leaf sheath of the rice seedlings were not influenced by the extracts of Allium SPP. The stem and leaf application 10 days before transplanting, increased the number of effective tiller remarkably. Especially, the application of 50~400g welsh onion and 50~200g onions increased the number of spikelets per panicle compared to standard fertilization. But, in application of larger amounts, the-death rate of the rice seedlings after transplanting was higher in the stem and leaf application 10 days before transplanting than the one applied on the transplanting day. In particular, treatments of chinese chives and garlic showed higher death rate than those of welsh onion or onion. The stem and leaf application of Allium SPP. resulted in high yield than standard fertilization.
Effects of Seed Size and Temperature on Hypocotyl Elongation in Mungbean
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 41, issue 6, 1996, Pages 634~639
This experiment was conducted to evaluate the variability of hypocotyl elongation of mungbean varieties. With four mungbean cultivars, which were classified as 4234-697 and Keumsungnogdu(long), Nampyungnogdu(Medium), and Seonhwanogdu(short), hypocotyl elong-ation was measured 4 to 6 days after seeding in paper towel at different temperatures (15, 20, 25, 30, and 35
). Hypocotyl elongation of mungbean seed stored at 5
for 6 months was compared with of seed stored at room temperature. As the temperature rises, the hypocotyl is longer. The hypocotyl elongation started immediately at high temperature, and longest at the range of 30 to 35
. The hypocotyl elongation became longer at the 5
storage plot than at the room temperature plot. Correlation coefficient (r) between 100 seed weight and hypocotyllength are not significant.
Heterosis of Growth Characters and Biomass Production in Interspecific Hybrid of Forage Sorghum
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 41, issue 6, 1996, Pages 640~649
This study was conducted to obtain fundamental informations necessary to breed forage sorghum at the field of the Livestock Experiment Station from 1988 to 1991. Heterosis was discussed in crossing groups of sorghum X sweet sorghum, sorghum X sudangrass, and (sorghum X sweet sorghum) X sudangrass. Leaf dry weight and stalk dry weight per plant in sweet sorghum crossing group, stalk dry weight per plant in sorghum X sudangrass crosses and leaf area per plant in three way crosses showed the greatest Heterobeltiosis(H
). There were significant differences in plant height, stalk diameter and number of tillers per plant between sweet sorghum and sudangrass crosses. H
for total dry matter yield in sweet sorghum and sudangrass crosses were 45.9% and 95.0%, respectively. On the other hand, heterosis for total dry matter yield in three way crosses was smaller than H
. There was no relationship between dry matter yield of parents and heterosis of hybrids in sweetsorghum crosses. However, positive correlations between parental yield and hybrid yields were observed. In sudangrass crosses, there were negative correlations between parental yields and heterosis of hybrids. However, no correlation between parental yields and hybrid yields were observed. In three way crosses, there were no correlations between parental yields and heterosis, and between parental yields and hybrids yields.
Effects of Magnetized Water on Callus Formation and Plant Regeneration in Rice Anther Culture
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 41, issue 6, 1996, Pages 650~655
In order to investigate the effects of added magnetized water on the callus induction and plant regeneration in rice, 700G(G=Gauss) magnetized water were used. The callus in-duction and plant regeneration of rice in magnetized water treatment are different from the callus induction and plant regeneration in ionic water treatment. The rates of callus induction in magnetized water media were 27.3% in solid media and 15.4% in liquid which were compared to that of callus induction in the ionic water media 21 and 13.3%. Also plant regeneration frequency in the magnetic water media is 5.4% better than that of the ionic water media. And dissolved oxgen amount of magnetic culture media is from 0.1 ppm to 0.9 ppm more than that of ionic culture media. The pH value was increased with rising of water temperature, and the magnetic water was effected at increasing of pH value.
Relations between Seed Vigor Criteria and Field Performance in Malting Barley
Kim, Seok-Hyeon ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 41, issue 6, 1996, Pages 656~664
Three malting barley cultivars, Sacheon #6, Doosan #12, and Doosan #22 were collected from Gwangsan, Chinju and Milyang which were artificially aged to provide varying levels of seed quality. Samples were evaluated by the standard germination test (SGT), cold germination test (CT), electroconductivity test and tetrazolium vigor test (TZ). In a multiple regression analysis, percent germination in the SGT accounted for 65% of the variation in field emergence of malting barley. Vigor index of the standard germination and cold germination tests also contributed significantly to the regression equation. Grain yield was predicted by the vigor index of TZ test. Percent standard germination and percent TZ germination prediction were useful for predicting grain yield in nine lots of malting barley.
Physiological Response of Barley Seedlings to Salt Stress
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 41, issue 6, 1996, Pages 665~671
The salt stress at seedling stage of barley was examined in different concentrations of NaCl containing 1/2 Hoagland solution. Among the physiological factors electric conductivity and sodium content of cell sap outflow solution were increased according to the in-crease of NaCl concentration in 1/2 Hoagland solution but the total protein content of root cell sap outflow solution was decreased. Changing pattern of amino acids content in plant was divided into 3 groups which were increased, decreased or unchanged by NaCl concentration in solution. In normal condition, sugar content in plant was higher than potassium or sodium but if NaCl was added more than 25mM in 1/2 Hoagland solution, sodium was the highest. Potassium content in shoot was decreased as 67% of control at 100mM of NaCl containing solution and in root it was decreased as 8%. Sum of the potassium and sodium content in shoot was seriously increased in accordant with NaCl concentration in culture solution, but in root it was gradually decreased. Chlorophyll content per g fresh weight and photosynthetic ability per
in first leaf were not affected by NaCl concentration of 1/2 Hoagland solution but root activity was slightly decreased compared to control.
Analysis of VolatHe Flavour Components in Aromatic Rices using Electronic Nose System
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 41, issue 6, 1996, Pages 672~677
Volatile flavour components rates from aromatic rices were analyzed by Electronic nose systems. In functional group, polar compounds and aldehyde compounds showed much of volatile flavour components than apolar compounds, sulphur compounds and aminated compounds. The profiles of volatile flavour components rates were markedly differents of sen-sing times, amylose content.
Development of Seed Pelleting Technology for Rice and Cabbage
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 41, issue 6, 1996, Pages 678~684
Seed pelleting have successfully been used in many crops for better crop estab-lishment and for mechanizing seeding process for small crop seeds in developed countries. In this experiment various pelleting materials and binders were tested to get basic information on the shape, hardness and germination of pelleted seesds of cabbage (cv. Seoul Beachoo) and rice (cv: Ilpoom). PLL-11, paper clay, lime and coal ash were good materials to make smooth shape of the pellets with pel gel and AG-11 as binders, and PLL-ll as material and pelgel and AG-11 as binders were the best among them in consideration of shape and hardness together. The hardness of the pelleted seeds were differed with each other depending on both of the pelleting materials and binders. Pelleted cabbage seeds coated by pelgel as binder with different materials showed lower germination percentge than control in general, but the seeds pelleted by PLL-11 with different binders showed no restraint effects. When the cabbage seed pelleted by PLL-11 with pelgel as binder showed almost same germination percentage as control. The pH and electrical conductivity of the extract from bentonite and zeolite were very higher than other materials tested and germination percentage showed a little lower than control when the cab-bage seed planted on the filter paper damped with the extract. As a result, PLL-11 as pelleting material and pel gel and AG-11 as binder appeared the good materials to make pellets of cabbage seeds and rice in consideration of shape, hardness and germination.
Effect of Some Soil Conditioners on Soil Physical Properties and Tobacco Growth
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 41, issue 6, 1996, Pages 685~691
This experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of some soil conditioners, such as polyvinylalcohol(PVA), zeolite and perlite, on the changes of soil physical properties and on tobacco growth in paddy-upland rotated field. Soil conditioners were treated at the rates of 120kg in PVA, 500kg in zeolite and perlite per l0a, respectively. Ratio of soil aggregates formed from the treated plots tended to. be higher than those from the control in the order of PVA > perlite > zeolite. The wet aggregate stability, mean weight diameter, moisture retention and air permeability from the treated plots tended to be higher than those from the control. Amounts of water-stable aggregates of PV A-treated soil increased with higher soil moisture showing a peak at 50% of moisture content. But with respect to particle of size aggregate formed for crop growth and workability in field, it was presumed that 40% of soil moisture content would be most desirable. Visual characters of soil surface throughout the experiment clearly showed that treated soils were maintaining better surface roughness and porosity than control, but difference in water stable aggregates among treated plots tended to be narrowed. The growths of tobacco, espacially its root zone were better in conditioner treated plots than in non-treated plot showing best in PVA-treated soil.
Changes of Diterpenoids Levels under Different Environmental Condition Tobacco Leaves
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 41, issue 6, 1996, Pages 692~697
This experiment was conducted to determine the influences of growth stage, stalk position and growth environment on duvatrienediols(DVT-diols) and cis-abienol production in Nicotiana tabacum L. The leaves of plants at transplanting stage contained very small amount of duvatrienediols and cis-abienol. Comparing leaves on different stalk position at flowering stage, upper and middle leaves contained more DVT-diols and cis-abienol than lower leaves. Plants grown under controlled environmental room at 3
contained more DVT-diols and cis-abienols than room at 18
and glass room. Tobacco plant grown under field condition produced lower levels of duvatrienediols and cis-abienol contents than glass room-grown plants. The amounts of duvatrienediols and cis-abienol of tobacco leaves significantly decreased after rain under field conditions.
Effect of Nitrogen Split Application on Growth and Grain Yield at No - tillage Machine Transplanting of Infant Rice Seedling
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 41, issue 6, 1996, Pages 698~703
To elucidate the proper nitrogen application method for machine transplanting of rice infant seedling in no-tilled paddy, Dongjinbyeo was used and nitrogen was applied five methods including conventional application method. Leaf color was darker at 80% of total nitrogen was applied as basal and lighter at 20% of total nitrogen was reduced than conventional application method in tillering stage, but wasn't significantly different after panicle formation stage among the application method. And it was thinner at tillering stage and was darker after panicle formation stage in no-tilled paddy compared with tilled paddy. Tiller number, LAI and top dry weight were more at 80% of total nitrogen was ap-plied as basal than conventional application method, and more in tilled paddy than no-tilled one at tillering stage, but at heading stage they were highest at top dressing applied 25 days after transplanting. C.G.R was highest at top dressing for tillering was delayed and it was lower in no-tilled paddy at tillering stage but was higher after panicle formation stage than in tilled one. Yield was highest at top dressing time was delayed among nitrogen application method, but wasn't significantly different between tilled method in same nitrogen application method.
Effect of Growth Regulator and Sterilization Method on Multiple Shoot Induction through Sucker and Stem Node Culture in Ramie(Boehmeria nivea Hoooker et Arnot)
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 41, issue 6, 1996, Pages 704~709
This experiment was carried out to establish the system of mass propagation through tissue culture using sucker and stem in Ramie. The sterilization for tissue culture of Ramie was the better treatment of 2% NaClO for 20 minute into ultrasonic cleaner than the others, and so rate of contamination was 3.3%, and it was able to produce 96% healthy plant. The effect of growth regulator was superior to mixed treatment of 0.02mg/
, which it was not formed callus and but produced 96% healthy plant. The effect of propagation was higher in culturing of the stem node than the sucker in cultural part, local variety than improved ones. The effect of acclimatization was superior to pretreatment of 30 minute after soaking in 100ppm NAA, transplanting on bed soil which mixed to ratio of vermiculite : soil : sand =1 : 2 : 1, the transplanted plants were grown all normal.
Habitat Environment of Eleutherococcus senticosus Max. at Mt. Deokyu
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 41, issue 6, 1996, Pages 710~717
To obtain the basic informations on the farm cultivation of Eleutherococcus senticosus Max., field survey of the native habitat in Mt. Deokyu such as weather, soils, vegetation and growth was carried out. The habitat of E. senticosus is situated at 127
52' N in Mt. Deokyu where the elev-tion ranges from 1,050 to 1,300 meters above the sea level. Mean annual temperature forecasted around the habitat was 5.8
, mean maximum temperature in August, 24.6
; mean minimum temperature in January, -13.5
and relative humidity during the growth periods, over 95%. To divide the area according to climatic conditions was classified cool temperature and humid rain forest zone. In another view, it belonged to deciduous broad-leaf forest zone and soil texture was sandy loam with dark brown gravels. Acidity and P
content of soil represented pH 5.2～5.6 and 10ppm, respectively. The growth of E. senticosus was poor under the low light intensity(relative 20% of full sun-light) at the growing place of the habitat and the propagation was conducted by root sucker. The natural vegetation was consisted of big trees, 3 species; shrubs, 8 species and herbs, 4 species.
Competition and Host-strain Interaction of Soybean Rhizobium Strains on Two Soybean Cultivars
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 41, issue 6, 1996, Pages 718~724
Two soybean cultivars, ‘Lee’ and ‘Peking’, were used to evaluate the competition and interaction of rhizobium strains PRC205 (R. fredii, fast-grower) and USDA110 (B. japonicum, slow-grower). Strains were inoculated separately on the root parts of a split-root growth system. Both root sides were inoculated simultaneously with four combinations of strain treatment to evaluate the competition of strains. And to evaluate the interaction of strains one side of split-root system was inoculated a week prior to the other side. Nodule mass and dry weight of the plants were measured 3 weeks after treatments. PRC205 showed no effective nodulation and no competing ability with USDA110 on Lee cultivar, however, contrary results on Peking cultivar. Top dry weight of Lee inoculated with PRC205 was much lower than that of any other inoculation treatments, however, in Peking that with PRC205 was higher than that with USDA110. There were no differences in root dry weight among the inoculation treatments. USDA110 used as primary inoculant suppressed nodule mass of opposite side, secondary inoculant, severely in both cultivars. PRC205 showed same tendency as USDA110 in Peking, but revealed little suppression effects on USDA110 used as secondary inoculant in Lee. USDA110 used as primary inoculant in Lee and PRC205 in Peking showed much more dry weight of soybean plants than that of other treatments.
Effect of Leaf Temperature on Light Response and Respiration in Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 41, issue 6, 1996, Pages 725~728
This study was conducted to investigate effect of leaf temperature on light response and respiration during short-term exposure to a sequnce of PPFD cycle(100-200-300-400
) under increasing leaf temperature sequnce up to 3
and in dark condition, increasing up to 46
with step size (1
) in Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer. When leaflet exposed to low light intensity and temperature, Rubisco activity was higher than remained activity in high condition. Leaves adapted to 100
PPFD had a peak response similar to that of 200
, but in above PPFD cycle(300, 400
) it represented at 17
evolution in dark condition increased rapidly when leaf temperature was increased up to 28
and then 'dipped' below steady-state level from above 4
. Thus, Pananx ginseng is able to take advantage of irradiance increase and decrease of
evolution in dark condition to control leaf temperature.mperature.
Effect of Germanium Treatment in Culture Medium on Germanium Absorption by Callus Induced from Brown Rice
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 41, issue 6, 1996, Pages 729~735
This study was carried out to investigate the effect of Germaniwn(Ge) treatment in the culture media on the Ge absorption by the callus induced from brown rice cv. Dongjinbyeo. MS medium was more effective on the growth ratio of callus and the content of Ge and some inorganic elements except K in callus than N
medium. The more Ge treatment in the N
or MS medium, the more Ge absorption by the callus, but the growth ratio of callus and the content of Ca, Mg, and K in callus were decreased. The content of Fe, Mn, Zn, and Cu was increased under treatment up to 100～200mg /
Ge, but tended to be decreased under treatment more than that of Ge concentration. Under treatment less than 150mg /
(inorganic Ge) was more effective on the Ge absorption by callus than Ge-132(organic Ge), but Ge-132 was more effective on the Ge ab-sorption by callus and the activity of callus in case of treatment more than 150mg /
Ge. The lower pH of culture medium, the higher Ge content in the callus. When callus was cultured on medium supplemented with Ge and 0.1～1.0mM of citric acid or myo-inositol, content of Ge and some inorganic elements in callus, as well as growth and dry weight of callus, were tend to increase in comparison to control, but myo-inositol was more effective on them than citric acid.cid.