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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Crop Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Crop Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 42, Issue 6 - Dec 1997
Volume 42, Issue 5 - Oct 1997
Volume 42, Issue 4 - Aug 1997
Volume 42, Issue 3 - Jun 1997
Volume 42, Issue 2 - Apr 1997
Volume 42, Issue 1 - Feb 1997
Selecting the target year
Variation of Leucine Aminoeptidase Isozyme in Korean Land Races and Wild Soybeans
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 42, issue 2, 1997, Pages 129~133
A total 943 accession of soybeans (G. max) and 50 wild soybeans (G. soja) were examined for leucine aminopeptidase (LAP) isozyme variation by 5％ polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis(PAGE) and isoelectric focusing(IEF) of pH 4~6.5. The Lap1*b by PAGE was the most common phenotype in both G. max and G. soja. The frequency of Lap1*b allele was observed to be higher in G. max(1.00) than in G. soja(0.96) of Korea. This result shows that G. max is fixed for Lapl*b allele at the Lap1 locus. LAP isozyme band type I and II were found using IEF of pH 4~6.5 in G. max and G. soja of Korea. Type I was observed from 92.8％ in G. max and 92.0％ in G. soja, and type II was discovered in 7.2％ G. max and 8.0％ G. soja. This result suggested the possibility to be found more various band types.
Purification of A Novel Protein Induced by Salt Treatment in Rice Seedling
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 42, issue 2, 1997, Pages 134~140
The monoclonal antibody against a novel protein, which was induced in the roots of rice seedlings treated with NaCl, was produced. Oryzea sativa L. cv. Annapruna grains were sown on clean sands and grown for 10days and then the seedlings were soaked in 50mM NaCl aqueous solution. In 48hrs of the NaCl treatment, the roots were collected and homogenated with liquid nitrogen and extraction buffer. The homogenate was centrifuged and to the supernatant 75％ ammonium sulfate was added to pre-cipitate proteins. From these proteins a novel protein was purified through DEAE-ion chromatography and FPLC(Phenyl column). This protein appeared as a single band in the native electrophoresis. Using this protein as antigen, monoclonal antibody was produced. Five cell lines that secreted antibodies specifically bound to this protein were constructed.
Effect of Ceramics on Growth of Rice Seedlings for Machine Transplanting
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 42, issue 2, 1997, Pages 141~145
The long wave infrared which is ranged to 4～1, 000
is a kind of electromagnetic wave, and the wave is being absorbed by higher plant easily. The absorbed wave in the plant promotes the metabolism of plant cell by way of resonance with the water molecules of plant cell. This experiment was carried out to determine the effect of long wave infrared radiation ceramic on growth of rice seedling, and to make the optimum mixture rate of ceramic powder when ceramics was mixed with bed soil at 4, 8, 12, 16％ levels for machine transplanting. The results of this study indicate that the growth of the seedling significantly higher in the treatment sites than that of control sites. However, there was no significant differences in dry matter weight between the treatment and control sites. At the 9.6％ mixing ratio, the highest growth of rice seedling was found.
Effects of Water Stress on Leaf Water Potential, Photosynthesis and Root Development in Tobacco Plant
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 42, issue 2, 1997, Pages 146~152
Development of shoot and root, leaf water potential and photosynthetic rate affected by water stress in early growing stage of tobacco were surveyed to interpret stress response in terms of plant physiological and agricultural aspects. The growth of shoot and root was highly suppressed by water stress and the difference in dry weight by rewatering was smaller in root than in shoot. The total root length was highly decreased by water stress and the lengths of root for water stress and non-stress were 74m and 84m, respectively, after rewatering. The root growth treated by water stress was increased between 2nd and 3rd day after treatment indicating that temporary water stress at early growing stage might have increased of root zone activity for early growth stage. The leaf water potentials were decreased to -7.63MPa, -9.47MPa, -11.89MPa, -13MPa at the 2nd, 3rd, 4th and 5th day by water stress. The relative water contents were 75%, 62% and 57% at the 3rd, 4th and 5th day after treatment. Photosynthesis was reduced largely by water stress. The photosynthetic rate after treatment at 2nd day and 3rd day was dropped to 18.15
. It was never recovered to the normal, even after rewatering. Stomatal conductance had been reduced since 2nd day after treatment and increased after rewatering.
Effect of Priming, Temperature and Light Quality on Germination of Pokeweed(Phytolacca americana) Seed
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 42, issue 2, 1997, Pages 153~159
Pokeweed, a polycarpic plant, has been used as herbage medicine, vegetable or dye. It, however, is known as an aggressive plant in the vicinity of the industrial area evolving air pollutants. The experiment was done to determine the effect of priming using nitrates, germination temperature and light quality on germination of its seed to get information on the optimum germination process as well as its establishment. The daily percent germination was measured to 12 days after sowing since its seeds were treated by two different nitrates [KNO
]. their different concentrations (0, 50, 150, 300mM), then treatment duration (1, 3, 6 days), different germination temperature (day /night; 30/30, 30/20, 20/30, 20/2
) and light quality (red, white, dark) before or during germination. The percent germination was greater in the KNO
treatment than in the Ca(NO
but in the priming treatment with KNO
in comparison with no-priming. In the priming treatment with KNO
, the percent germination was increased with its increased concentration to 150mM although decreased with delayed duration to 6 days. Regardless of light quality, the greater percent germination was shown in the order of 2
constant and 20/3
alternative temperature. The germination was less in the dark during germination than in the illumination in which the red light had greater percent germination compared to white light. The seeds primed with KNO
were germinated under the alternative temperature even in the dark condition.
Identification of Virus from Azuki Bean Plant
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 42, issue 2, 1997, Pages 160~165
Three types of virus disease symptoms were observed in azuki bean plants: yellow mosaic; mosaic; severe mosaic with dwarf. The symptoms developed in the indicator plant inoculated with a virus- infected leaf of azuki bean showed similar host range with those of AMV, CMV and AzMV. In antiserum response, yellow mosaic symptom formed sediments with AMV antiserum, mosaic type with CMV antiserum, respectively, From the electron microscope observation, eclliptic particle (18~58
18nm), isometric particle (30nm), and filamentous(730
12nm) combined with inclusion body were observed in yellow mosaic, mosaic, and severe mosaic with leaf curling symptoms, respectively, The results demonstrate that yellow mosaic, mosaic, and severe mosaic with dwarf are caused by AMV, CMV and AzMV.
Influence of Deep Flooding on Rice Growth and Yield in Dry-seeded Paddy Field
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 42, issue 2, 1997, Pages 166~172
This experiment was carried out to clarify the effect of the deep water irrigation on dry-seeded rice cultivation at the three different water managements-deep continuous flooding(DCF), water saving irrigation(WSI), ordinary irrigation(OI). The highest tillering numbers per
of rice were 551, 466 and 455 in OI, WSI and DCF, respectively. The tillering number of rice plants were significantly reduced in DCF. Heading date was delayed and the total chlorophyll content in leaf after heading was higher in DCF than those in other irrigation methods. For the characteristics associated with lodging, the culm length in DCF was slightly elongated and the diameter of culm in DCF was thicker than that in WSI and OI. The breaking weight and bending moment in DCF also were higher than those in others. As the result, although the culm length in DCF was long, the lodging index was comparatively low. The panicle length in DCF was longer than in OI and WSI. The spikelet number per
and 1,000-grain weight were the most in WSI, while panicle number, ripened grain ratio and grain weight were not significantly different. Longer panicle length and more spikelet number resulted in higher yielding capacity in DCF.
Estimation of Rice Canopy Leaf Area Index(LAI) by Spectral Reflectance of Solar Radiation in Paddy Field
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 42, issue 2, 1997, Pages 173~181
To estimate the leaf area index(LAI) of rice plant by non-destructive method, spectral reflectance from rice plant canopy was measured by using the spectroradiometer (LI-1800, LICOR Inc.) with one week interval during the rice growing season at Suwon paddy field in 1993. LAI of two medium late maturing varieties, Daechungbyeo and Ilpumbyeo, and one early maturing variety, Jinbubyeo, were observed and compared with those estimated by vegetation index. The reflectance(R) of visible wavelength remained less than 0.1 over entire growing season, but that of near infrared wavelength remained from 0.1 to 0.5 with the significant positive correlation with LAI. Vegetation index determined by the reflectance of visible against near infrared wavelength showed high correlation with LAI of rice canopy. Vegetation index derived from wide band ratio, NIR(720~1, 100nm) /Blue(400~500nm), showed the highest correlation coefficient with LAI. Vegetation index derived from narrow band(10nm interval) ratio, R910/R460, from transplanting to heading stage corresponded well to measured values (Y=0.16799X-0.79776 ;
=0.94). But another vegetation index, NIR(720~1, 100nm) /Red (600~700nm), showed higher correlation with LAI than NIR /Blue did from heading stage to maturity.
Effect of ABA and Kinetin on Alleviating NaCl Injury during Rice Germination
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 42, issue 2, 1997, Pages 182~188
The study was carried out to determine an optimum concentration of plant growth regulators(ABA and kinetin) on reducing NaCl toxicity during germination in rice. Plant height of a japonica cultivar Ilpumbyeo in ABA 10
M was increased, while all treatments of kinetin had no clear effects on increasing the plant height. However, other rice cultivars showed slightly different reaction by PGRs compared with Ilpumbyeo. Germination rate of four rice cultivars was ranged from 53.1 to 58.2％ in NaCl 1.3％. All treatments of kinetin accelerated germination rate of tested rice cultivars except Dasanbyeo compared with NaCl 1.3％ treatment. The higher concentration of ABA and kinetin treatment induced the higher starch content, and while the lower concentration of two plant growth regulators induced the higher sugar content in all four rice cultivars. The free proline content of rice seedlings was highest in Ilpumbyeo among the tested cultivars under NaCl 1.3％ treatment.
Physiological Responses of Water Stress at Seedling Stage in Barley
Yong-Woong Kwon ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 42, issue 2, 1997, Pages 189~195
To cope with increasing importance of water stress in food crop production, characteristics and cultivar differences in physiological responses of winter barley plants to water stress during seedling stage were studied employing three covered-barley, Milyang 12, Durubori, and Olbori, one naked-barley, Baekdong, and one two-row beer-barley, Hyangmaeg. Water stress was given to barley plants by withholding watering in soil-culture pots or by adding P.E.G. (polyethylene glycol, M. W. 4,000) to the nutrient culture solution. When water stress was imposed by withholding watering for 10 days to the seedlings grown in pot-soil for 10 days after emergence, leaf water potential of 5 cultivars was decreased almost to the same degree, from control -3.5 bar to the water stressed -26.6 bar. However, growth and some physiological responses were differently affected by cultivars: The plant height was decreased by 16-26％ : seedling dry weight by 25∼42％ ; chlorophyll content by 21∼39％ ; second leaf survival rate by 8∼18％ ; and free proline content per gram of leaf dry weight was increased from control 0.2∼0.5mg to the water stressed 5.8∼13.2mg. Drought resistances of 5 barley cultivars, based on the leaf survival rate and the decreased rate in seedling dry weight at the end of stress treatment, were high in the order of 3 covered-barley＞naked-barley＞two-row barley.
Effect of Seedling Size and Low Temperature on Growth and Bolting in Angelica gigas Nakai
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 42, issue 2, 1997, Pages 196~201
This study was carried out to understand the effect of low temperature treatment and seedling size on growth and bolting in Angeljca gjgas. Bolting rate increased as period of low temperature increased and bolting rate of control was lower than that of low temperature treatment. In low temperature treatment with seedling size, the smaller seedling size, the higher bolting rate. Period from transplanting to bolting was reduced with low temperature treatment extended and large seedling. The plant height, position of bolting leaf and number of developing leaf were decreased with low temperature treatment extended and large seedling, respectively, There was a highly significant negative correlation between bolting rate and number of developed leaves before bolting and number of developed leaves in growth to first bolting but positive correlation in late growth, respectively.
Classification of Black Soybean Collections in Korea
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 42, issue 2, 1997, Pages 202~213
In order to find out a high potential black soybean lines, of which demand has been increasing in Korea, twenty eight local cultivars were evaluated on agronomic characteristics and the classification of the cultivars was made by the cluster analysis. Days to maturity and days to growing of black soybeans were widely ranged from 58 to 82 days, and 117 to 148 days, respectively. Late maturing group showed over 140 maturity days, and heavy 100 seed weight. There was shown low yield potential in late maturing group, and growing days was positively correlated with flowering days, days to maturity, 100-seed weight and stem length, respectively. From the principal component analysis upper two components composed 76.5％ cumulative eigen value to total. Nine varietal groups were identified in relations to their affinity of the black soybeans. Selected black soybeans, Namhae-2 and Hamyang-l were field-tested and those characteristics of many pod, small seed and high yield were found out to be suitable for sprouting.
Evaluation of Mutation Rate by Differences of Isozyme Band Patterns on
Seedling Treated with Chemical Mutagen in Barley
Bon Cheol, Koo ; M., Kucharska ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 42, issue 2, 1997, Pages 214~219
Mutation rate of M
plants that were treated with three types of double treatments of chemical mutagens(1.5mol Na
＋ 0.75mol MNH, 0.75mol MNH ＋ 0.75mol MNH and 0.5mol MNH ＋ 0.5mol MNH) were estimated on the rate of chlorophyll mutant, changes of isozyme loci ; esterase (Est), glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase(GOT ; AAT) and leucyl aminopeptydase(LAP ; AMP). Rate of chlorophyll mutants (3.3％ =no. of seedling carrying mutant / all number of M
100) and rate of esterase isozyme loci mutants(3.5％ =no. of plant carrying mutant / all number of M
plant) in Dema were higher than one of Sacheon 6, but no significant differences in GOT, LAP. Among isozymes, most of mutants in M
plant of two varieties were found in esterase (73％ of total mutants were occurred in esterase loci). Although many of null bands were found in GOT 3, these were not repeatable and no real mutants. It might be due to qualities of starch, amount of extract buffer and degradation of isozyme during electrophoresis and staining.
Growth and Yield Responses of Soybean Cultivars to Drought Stress at Early Growth Stage
Yang Moon, Jin ; Hong-Suk Lee ; Suk Ha, Lee ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 42, issue 2, 1997, Pages 220~227
Water deficit stress during early soybean[Glycine max (L.) Merrill] growth stage is the most important environmental factor limiting productivity. Eight soybean genotypes were grown in replicated pot under well-watered(control: near 0 bar) and drought(-5 and -10 bars) conditions. Soybean plants were subject to drought stress for 20 days at 10 days after seed emergence. Significant genotypic variation was observed for leaf area(LA) and total dry weight (TDW). At the end of water stress, LA and TDW of Hwanggeumkong and Paldalkong, which had large LA in the non-stressed control, were more sensitive to water stress than those of the other cultivars, while those of Suwon 93 with small LA were insensitive. Leaf proline and abscisic acid(ABA) contents increased after water stress. However, changes in proline and ABA contents were not consistently related to the changes in LA as affected by water stress. As the soil water potential decreased, the yield reduction of Hodgson 78 showing large decrease in LA and TDW in response to water deficit was severe when compared to that of Baegunkong with small decrease in LA and TDW. Relatively greater yield stability and higher average yield across soil water potential were observed in Baegunkong. Of specific interest was the small reduction in yield of Paldalkong in spite of its significant decrease in LA and TDW.
Bioassay of Allelopathy Substance Related Injury by Successive Cropping in Alfalfa(Medicago sativa L.)
E-Hun Kim ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 42, issue 2, 1997, Pages 228~235
This experiments were conducted to determine the effect of allelopathy and autotoxicity in alfalfa. Among several alfalfa cultivars, the substances exudated from seven cultivars including Medicago sativa, c.v. Luna, Sparta, Magnum, Husky, Milkmaker, Challenger and Anchor inhibited the germination and seedling growth of radish, ranging from 60 to 80％. When allelopathic substances were exudated from the soil of the alfalfa-cultivated field, the increased levels of substance retarded the germination rate and seedling growth of radish and alfalfa. The inhibition rate was about 80％, compared with that of control. Thus, this study indicates that the allelopathy and autotoxicity substances of alfalfa influenced the germination and seedling growth in alfalfa itself and radish. When allelopathic substances were analysed by using gas chromatograph, several kinds of phenol compounds were detected as follows; Salicylic acid, hydroxybenzoic acid, vanillic acid, syringic acid, coumaric acid, and ferulic acid.
Survey on Wild Edible Plant Resources in Korea and Its Germination Characteristics
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 42, issue 2, 1997, Pages 236~246
This study was conducted to obtain the basic information of edible resources among plant species. Potentials of resource plants were important in various usages, healthy food, medicinal materials, and breeding materials. Through our investigation 609 species of resources plants were considered as edible resources. These species belong to 74 families in which Asteraceae, Poaceae, Fabaceae, and Rosaceae were major families. Brassicaceae, Liliaceae, and Asteraceae contained large numbers of edible plants because plants belonged to these families were mainly used as vegetable. But Cyperaceae and Poaceae had relatively small numbers of species in the category of edible plant because plants belonged to these families have not been used directly as vegetables, common usage of edible plant. But Poaceae have a potentials as genetic donor for resistance-breeding strategies in major cereals. Although Poaceae can not be used as food directly, Poaceae should be investigated intensely in future for improvement of major cereals or application as fodder plants. The beneficial traits of edible plants as breeding materials have not been studied yet and development of new crop from plant resources requires the information about current situation in occurrence of resources plants genetically related to current crop species. Our results do not cover all plant species in Korea but this classification and identification about edible resources will provide primary information about plant resources. The collected seeds of resource plants showed wide spectrum in germination rate among plant species. The germination rate would probably be affected by collecting times, collected stage, and stored period. The proper methods about improving germination rate have to be elucidated to propagate the resource plants.
Introduction, Development, and Characterization of Supernodulating Soybean Mutant. 1. Mutagenesis of Soybean and Selection of Supernodulating Soybean Mutant
Young-Am Chae ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 42, issue 2, 1997, Pages 247~253
Development of soybean cultivars with great nodulation and high nitrogen fixation activity, derived mostly from mutagenesis, may decrease inputs of chemical fertilizer nitrogen into the soil-plant system. Soybean seeds (cv. Jangyupkong, Hwanggeumkong, and Geomjungkong 1) were treated with three different levels of EMS (ethyl methanesulfonate) concentration(30, 50, and 70mM). Increasing the doses of EMS resulted in decreased field emergence rate of seeds, whereas it did not increase M
mutation frequencies. This indicated that the most efficient concentration of EMS was 30mM for generating mutants. Extensive mutagenesis of Sinpaldalkong 2 with 30mM EMS was undertaken to isolate soybean mutants with greater nodulation. Approximately 8, 200 M
families were screened for greater nodulation on 5 mM nitrate after inoculation with Bradyrhizobium japonicum strain YCK213-KFCC-10728. Mutant SS-2 nodulated more than the wild type. Comparison of supernodulation between SS-2 and two nts mutants(nts 1007 and nts 1116) revealed that SS-2 showed the supernodulation character at an earlier growth stage than the two nts mutants. Further studies should be needed to characterize the difference in timing of nodulation between SS-2 and nts mutants.