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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Crop Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Crop Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 42, Issue 6 - Dec 1997
Volume 42, Issue 5 - Oct 1997
Volume 42, Issue 4 - Aug 1997
Volume 42, Issue 3 - Jun 1997
Volume 42, Issue 2 - Apr 1997
Volume 42, Issue 1 - Feb 1997
Selecting the target year
Estimation of Rice Dry Matter Production by Spectral Reflectance of Solar Radiation in Paddy Field
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 42, issue 3, 1997, Pages 255~262
To estimate the total dry matter(TDM) of rice plant by non-destructive method, spectral reflectance from rice plant canopy was measured by using the spectroradiometer (LI-1800, LICOR Inc.) with one week interval during the rice growing season at Suwon paddy field in 1993. Two medium late maturing rices, Daechung-byeo Ilpum-byeo, and one early maturing variety, Jinbu-byeo, were cultured to observe TDM, then they were compared with those estimated by vegetation index together. Vegetation index determined by the reflectance of visible against near infrared wavelength showed high correlation with TDM. Vegetation index derived from narrow band(10nm interval) ratio, R910/R460, has the highest correlation coefficient with TDM. TDM estimated from R910/R460 from transplanting to heading stage corresponded well to measured values (Y=21.2428X-212.734 ;
=0.87). But another vegetation index, NIR(720~1,100nm) /Red(600~700nm) showed higher correlation with TDM than NIR(720~1,100nm) /Blue(400~500nm) did from heading stage to maturity.
Grain Yield and Physiological Responses of Water Stress at Reproductive Stage in Barley
Yong-Woong Kwon ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 42, issue 3, 1997, Pages 263~269
To cope with increasing importance of water stress in food crop production, some physiological characteristics, their cultivar-differences and grain yield of winter barley cultivars in response to water stress during reproductive stages were studied employing three covered-barley cultivars, Milyang 12, Durubori, and Olbori, one naked-barley cultivar, Baegdong, and one two-row malting-barley cultivar, Hyangmaeg. The barley grown in pot-soil was conditioned for 10 days under water stress, varying the time of water stress : 20 days before heading, 10 days before heading and the time of heading. The decrease in growth due to water stress varied greatly with the cultivars and time of water stress. The greatest injury occurred when water stress was imposed for 10 days from 10 days before heading : the culm length of water-stressed plants have shown reduced by 85∼98％ of the non-stressed; the number of spikes per plant by 52∼83%; the number of grains per spike by 71∼86%; 1,000-grain weight by 80∼84%; yield per pot by 60∼94%. The number of spikes per plant as one of yield components was most sensitively affected. As a whole, the drought resistance of cultivars was high in the order of Olbori> Milyang 12 and Durubori> Hyangmaeg>Baegdong. On rewatering the plants after termination of the water stress treatment the recovery rate of free proline content and relative turgidity of flag leaf were higher in 3 covered-barley cultivars, and lower in cultivars Baegdong and Hyangmaeg.
Combining Ability of Japonica Rices for Salinity Tolerance at Seedling Stage
Lee, Kyu-Seong ; Park, Nam-Kyu ; Yang, Sae-Jun ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 42, issue 3, 1997, Pages 270~274
This experiment was conducted to evaluate the combining ability of japonica rices for improving the salinity tolerance at seedling stage. Nine varieties used in partial diallel analysis included three varieties of each tolerant, moderately tolerant and susceptible one. Twelve-day-old seedlings were grown in saline solution, initially at an EC of 6 dS /m for four days, followed by an EC of 12 dS /m for 20 days. The agronomic characters at seedling stage such as plant height, dry shoot weight and dry root weight were measured to analyze for combining ability of the parents. General combining ability(GCA) and specific combining ability(SCA) effects were highly significant for all tested parameters. However, mean squares for GCA were about five times larger than that for SCA suggesting the preponderance of additive gene action. Among tolerant varieties, Gaori and Namyang 7 were good combiner for improving the salinity tolerance at seedling stage in GCA as well as SCA.
Influence of Aluminum Chloride on Growth and Chemical Components of Rice Seedling
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 42, issue 3, 1997, Pages 275~280
The experiment was carried out to determine Al tolerance ranges of two rice cultivars(Ilpumbyeo and Hyangmibyeo) during germination and early growth. The amount of 0, 300, 600 and 900ppm Al were treated in the germination media. Plant height and root length of rice cultivars were decreased significantly with Al concentration. The reduction of growth was more remarkable in root than in shoot. Germination rates in all Al concentrations were decreased comparing with untreated control. Two rice cultivars were not different in Al concentrations. As Al concentration was increased, chlorophyll content were decreased. Ca and Mg contents in 300ppm of Al treatment were sharply increased. Free proline contents of both rice cultivars grown at the 300, 600, and 900ppm of Al treatments were increased only in the 3 days after Al treatments.
Allylisothiocyanate Content in Different Plant Parts of Wasabia japonica Mastum
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 42, issue 3, 1997, Pages 281~285
Essential oil extracted by solvent, n-pantane and diethyl ether for 2 hours was 0.1∼0.5％ in Wasabia japonica Mastum. and it was showed the highest content in root and the lowest content in petiole. Allylisothiocyanate detected by gas chromatography contained in all of the plant part in wasabi. Its content in rhizome was 0.687∼1.339mg /g FW showing the highest content in rhizome. Allylisothiocyanate content was varied from culture site, variety and position of rhizome in wasabi.
Improvement of Rice Seedling Emergence by Seed Coating Materials in Direct Seeding into Flooded Paddy Soil
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 42, issue 3, 1997, Pages 286~291
This experiment was carried out to improve seedling emergence and establishment in paddy rice sown into puddled soil. Rice seed were coated with CaO
and acid sulphate soil. When coated seeds with CaO
and acid sulphate soil were sown into puddled soil, soil redox potential was increased and the period of oxidizing was longer in KNO
than that of any other soils. pH was higher in control than that of coated seeds with CaO
and acid sulphate soil. It seems that the coated seeds oxidize soil locally, thus prohibit soil reduction. Seedling emergence was improved by seed coating materials. Emergence date was 8 days after seeding(DAS) in CaO
, 14 DAS in acid sulphate soil, 21 DAS in KNO
coated seed and 20 DAS in uncoated seed, respectively. Emergence rate was highest in CaO
coated seed(80％) followed by acid sulphate soil coated seed(61％), while control(46％) and KNO
(42％) were very poor. This result would be interpreted as the difference in oxidizing power among coating agents ; CaO
and acid sulphate soil may oxidize weakly and shortly while KNO
may oxidize soil strongly and persistantly. Our results suggested that local oxidizing around rice seed sown into puddled soil enhanced seedling emergence and also found a possibility to promote seedling emergence with acid soil.
Growth Characteristics by Shading Rates in Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 42, issue 3, 1997, Pages 292~298
To compare the growth pattern of ginseng plant under between conventional shading(light transmittance rate 3％) and polyethylene net shading(light transmittance rate 10％), the distribution of leaf area, specific leaf weight (S. L. W), leaf and stem dry weight and changes in light intensity were investigated in 2, 4 and 6 year old ginseng plant populations. Light transmittance rate(L.T.R.) was 3％ at front line, 2％ at middle line and 1.5％ at rear line under conventional shading but it was 12, 10 and 8％ under polyethylene net(P.E) shading, respectively. In 2 year old population, there was a little difference in the growth characteristics investigated between conventional and P.E. shading. In 4 year old field, the leaf area, stem and leaf dry weight decreased in large amount in the order of middle, and rear line on ridge under conventional shading, but with a little difference under P.E. shading. And these trends enlarged in 6 year old field with appearance of a large part of shoot over furrow from ridge planted ginseng. Root yield index was much lowered at the rear 3rd, 4th and 5th line of the conventional shading bed, but there was no yield difference among lines except 5th lines under the P.E. shading with higher yield by 28％ than conventional shading.
Effects of Benomyl Applications on Phomopsis Infection and Yields in Vegetable Soybean
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 42, issue 3, 1997, Pages 299~305
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of benomyl application at different growth stages on the infection of green pod and seed by Phomopsis spp. and yield in vegetable soybean. One early maturing vegetable soybean variety 'Seokryangputkong' was planted on 20 April at Suwon in 1996. The rate of non-infected green pods by Phomopsis spp. was most highly suppressed by benomyl application once at the R5 stage and twice at R4 and R6 stages. The rate of non-infected green pods was higher in branches than in mainstem, and in upper than in low part of plant. The Phomopsis seed decay at maturity was most highly decreased by benomyl application once at the R6 stage and twice at the R4 and R6 stages. Benomyl application effectively reduced the infection rate of green pod and seeds by Phomopsis spp. and increased the yield of non-infected green pods by 34∼76％ and non-infected seeds by 51∼98％.
Protoplast Culture and Plant Regeneration of Rice
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 42, issue 3, 1997, Pages 306~316
Embryogenic calli were induced from mature seed scutella of anther culture-derived rice variety Zhonghua 8. Cell suspension cultures were initiated from friable embryogenic calli and utilized as source material for protoplast isolation. Generally, the older and finer cell suspensions gave higher protoplast yields than younger suspension cultures. Protoplasts exhibited sustained cell division and formed microcalli when cultured in KPR medium supplemented with 0.5 mg
2,4-D, 1.0 mg
NAA and 0.5 mg
zeatin using the agarose embedding procedure without feeder cells. Protoplast plating efficiencies ranged from 0.20 to 0.54％. Microcalli were transferred to MS medium supplemented with 2.0 mg
kinetin and 0.5mg
NAA for plant regeneration. The regeneration frequencies were 2 to 12％, depending on the cell suspension lines of Zhonghua 8. The plants were transferred to the glasshouse and were fertile.
Germination Ability of Pregerminated and Dried Rice Seed
Tae Hwan Noh ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 42, issue 3, 1997, Pages 317~322
In order to investigate vigor of rice seed pregerminated, some organic and inorganic component content, response of ecotypes, and effect of gibberellin treatment, under different levels of hastening of germination, were examined. Protein content was high in dried seed, the larger size in length of pregerminated seed, the less protein content, but lipid content was a reverse tendency to protein one. Potassium content was low in dried seed, the larger size in length of pregerminated seed, the more potassium content, but increase dramatically at above 10 mm in length of sprout. Magnesium content showed a same tendency to potassium one. The ability of regermination was high in early maturing cultivar, but almost lost in the pregerminated seeds with above 5 mm in length of sprout. The regermination percentage of dried seed was lower than that of pregerminated seed with 0.1∼0.5 mm in length, but was similar to that of pregerminated one with 1∼3 mm in length of sprout. The effect of gibberellin on regermination percentage was highest at 10 ppm and showed high with small sized one of pregerminated seed. The effect of gibberellin on plant height, fresh weight, and dry weight showed a same tendency to regermination percentage.
Effect of Planting Dates and Drainage Methods on Growth and Yield of Sprout Soybeans in Converted Upland from Paddy Field
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 42, issue 3, 1997, Pages 323~332
Drainage is needed to run off excessive water stress during the rainy season for soybean cultivation in the converted upland from paddy field. This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of planting dates and drainage methods on growth and yield of sprout soybeans in the converted upland from paddy field. The stem and root growth at flowering stage showed no difference by drainage method but plant height, number of nodes and branches, and fresh weight of stem and root were much greater as planting date delayed. Seed yield was correlated positively with fresh weight of stem and root, and T/R ratio at the flowering stage, respectively. Lodging degree was not different by drainage method but was higher in planting at June 16 than May 15. Number of pods and 100 seed weight were not different by drainage method and 100 seed weight was heavy in Eunhakong, light in Kwangankong as planting date delayed. Higher seed yield was observed in surface drainage than open ditched drainage. Yield performance of Eunhakong was good in late planting, while that of Kwangankong was in early planting.
Seed Development and Germinability of Unripened Seed in Peanuts
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 42, issue 3, 1997, Pages 333~337
Pods and kernels of two peanut(Arachis hypogaea L.) cultivars, a Shinpung type, Shindaekwangtangkong and a Virginia bunch type, Namdaetangkong were harvested periodically after the gynophore earthing in the field condition and their developments were monitored by observation of the changes in size, weight and moisture content. Seed germinability and seedling vigor were tested to set up a method for hastening the generation advancement in breeding procedure. Pods and kernels reached the maximum in size at 30 to 40 days after gynophore earthing and at that time the kernels had one hundred percent germinability and the seedlings sprouted from those kernels exhibited practically acceptable viability enough to grow for the next generation.
Varietal Difference of Resistance to Ozone Injury in Rice Plant
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 42, issue 3, 1997, Pages 338~343
The response of seventy-five rice cultivars to ozone (O
) were tested in the open-top chamber with ozone producing and monitoring system to determine the varietal difference of resistance to
stress. Ozone was produced by electrostatic discharge in oxygen and was monitored by UV absorption ozone analyzer. Difference in response of rice to ozone was more clearly appeared on rice plants treated for 2 to 4 hours at 0.3 ppm concentration of
. Varietal resistance of rice to ozone was more distinctly classified at 21- to 35-day seedlings compared with 14-day rice plants. Most of indica and Tongil(indica
japonica) type rice cultivars were more resistant than that of japonica cultivars based on the leaf injury to
. Eight Korean cultivars belong to japonica groups showed highly resistant reaction to
. Ozone exposure during booting stage caused lower grain fertility than exposures during seedling, maximum tillering and heading stages of rice.
Varietal Variation in Gelatinization and Adaptability to Rice Bread Processing and Their Interrelation
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 42, issue 3, 1997, Pages 344~351
The experiment was conducted to examine the varietal variation in gelatinization of rice flour and adaptability to rice bread processing, and the interrelation among the relevant properties. IR 44 showed the lowest temperature of gelatinization onset(T
) and the highest gelatinization enthalphy(ㅿH) measured by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The following lower T
was found with the order of Suweon 230＜Pusa-33-30＜T(N) 1, Daeribbyeo 1 and the next higher ㅿ.H was followed by the order of Pusa-33-30＞Suweon 230. IRAT 177 revealed the highest temperature of gelatinization onset and conclusion(T
) and the following higher T
was found with the order of Pusa-33-30＞AC 27＞Nonganbyeo. The varietal range of T
, respectively. The rice materials tested can be classified by scatter diagram on the plane of upper two principal components contracted from DSC thermogram and various characteristics relevant to processing and sensory preference of rice bread by principal component analysis. AC27, Suweonjo and IR 44 among high-amylose rices showed better suitability to rice bread processing. The temperatures of gelatinization peak and conclusion of rice flour checked by DSC were significantly negatively associated with springiness of rice bread. The most properties relevant to processing and sensory preference of rice bread such as hardness, moistness, springiness, cohesiveness, specific loaf volume and distribution or size of air cell revealed the close correlation between each other.other.
Weedy Rice Occurrence Rate and Position in Transplanted and Direct Seeded Farmer's Field
Hak-Soo SUH ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 42, issue 3, 1997, Pages 352~356
In order to trace the survival route of weedy rice in Korean farmer's field, occurrence rate and position of weedy rice, number of weedy rice plants per
, in transplanted and direct seeded field were investigated. The highest occurrence rate of weedy rice in transplanted field was 5.5％. Number of weedy rice plants in direct seeded field was higher than that in transplanted field. In transplanted field, most of the weedy rice were grown within hills of cultivated rice and only a few was grown between hills of the cultivated rice, however in direct seeded field the number of weedy rice occurred between hills or rows of cultivated rice was higher than that occurred within hills or rows. Weedy rice occurrence rate in the field of .non-recommended rice variety was higher than that in the field of recommended variety. The main survival route of weedy rice in transplanted field was supposed to be mixture of weedy rice seeds with cultivated rice, and that in direct seeded field to be natural survival.
Classification of Grain Type and Marketing Grades for Korean Rice Varieties
Kwang-Ho Kim ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 42, issue 3, 1997, Pages 357~366
Rice quality is considered to have two general meanings; 1) milling, cooking, and processing quality, which refer to suitability of the grain for a particular end-use; and 2) physical quality, which means cleanliness, soundness, and freedom from foreign materials. Grain type is associated with specific milling, cooking, and processing characteristics. Thus, this experiment was conducted to classify the grain type categories and marketing grades for Korean leading rice varieties. Length: width ratio of brown rice kernel ranged from 1.57 to 2.25 and most of varieties belonged to short grain except Tongil type rice varieties. Mean of length: width ratio of brown rice kernel was 1.77 and coefficient of variance was 4.79％ in short grain type varieties. Grain shape could be further classified into 5 types by length:width ratio of brown rice kernel; 1 type(less than 1.75), 2 type(1.76∼1.80), 3 type(1.81∼1.90), 4 type(1.91∼2.00), and 5 type (greater than 2.00). For 1 and 2 type of varieties, woven wire sieve having 1.7mm openings showed better whole-kernel yields for special marketing grade, and sieve having 2.0mm openings for 3 and 4 type of varieties. Grain type which classified into 5 categories was not associated with physicochemical and cooking characteristics of rice grain, but sensory evaluation of cooked rice showed better score for 1 type varieties in terms of appearance, gloss, flavor, texture, stickiness, and taste.
Soybean Yield Performance and Growth Characteristics in Response to Underground Water Table Depth
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 42, issue 3, 1997, Pages 367~372
Excessive water stress is one of major limiting factors affecting soybean yield, especially when soybean is grown in converted upland from paddy field. The present study was undertaken to know the genotypic variation in yield response of soybean to different environments in combination with soil texture and underground water table depth. Eight recommended soybean varieties in Korea and two supernodulating soybean mutants introduced from USA were planted in the lysimeter which was filled with two different soil types(sandy loam and clay loam). Of three underground water table depths(10, 30, and 50 cm) during whole growth stage, the lowest 10 cm was included to create excessive water stress. Yield was significantly different according to the underground water table depth and soybean genotypes, whereas soil type did not affect yield. There were significant interaction effects of soybean yield among soil type, soybean genotype, and underground water table depth. Yield of nts 1116 showed the highest across environments. Based on the regression analysis, the most stable variety was Sobaeknamulkong(bi=1.09). Jangsukong was fairly stable and high in yield, when compared to other soybean genotypes. However, nts 1116 was the most desirable (
) mainly due to the highest yield rather than the greater stability over environments. Multiple regression analysis revealed that shoot dry weight and nodule number were major factors affecting yield in the combined data over three water table depths and two soil types.