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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Crop Science
Editor in Chief :
Lee, Sang Chul
Volume & Issues
Volume 42, Issue 6 - Dec 1997
Volume 42, Issue 5 - Oct 1997
Volume 42, Issue 4 - Aug 1997
Volume 42, Issue 3 - Jun 1997
Volume 42, Issue 2 - Apr 1997
Volume 42, Issue 1 - Feb 1997
Selecting the target year
Effect of Methiocarb as a Bird Repellent in Water-Seeding Rice and Soybean Fields
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 42, issue 4, 1997, Pages 373~377
The bird repellent, methiocarb 50% WP, has been used to reduce the bird damage in the crop field in the European countries. The bird damage occaisonally would occur in the wet direct seeded rice and in soybean field, and resulted in decreasing the crop productivity by the reduction of seedling emergence rate. In this experiment, rice seeds, Hwasungbyeo(Oryza sativa), were coated with the different application rate of methiocarb, 5, 10 and 15 per kg seed, and soybean, Taegwangkong(Glycine max), 2.5, 5.0 and 7.5g. In rice, the seeds coated with 10 and 15g of methiocarb were not lost by bird, while those with 5g and control were lost to 37 and 50% of total seeds, respectively. No damage by birds was observed in rice seedling when the coleoptile and radicle of rice were emerged at 7 days after the water seeding. The crop injury of methiocarb reducing the emergence rate of seedlings, shortening the shoot length, and decreasing the leaf number was occurred at the treated of methiocarb 15g per kg seed. In soybean, the loss of the sprouting by birds was lower in the treatment of methiocarb 7.5g per kg seed than that in both the control and the treatments of methiocarb, 2.5 and 5.0g per kg seed. No crop injury by the treatment of methiocarb was observed in all application rate.
Effect of Methiocarb Singles and Mixtures on Bird-repelling and Seedling Growth in Water-seeding Rice
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 42, issue 4, 1997, Pages 378~383
Bird damages are often occurred at the seeding and seedling stages of crops. What the bird damage is preventing from the seeding and seedling of rice in the paddy would be very important to get high yield. Methiocarb was formulated as a bird repellent of crop seeding and seedling. Its effects on the seedling growth, related to the chemical injuries and the bird damages, were examined at the seeding and seedling growth stages of Anjungbyeo(Oryza sativa L.) with different types and amounts of methiocarb treatment in both pot and field experiments. In the pot experiment, bird damages were not occurred at all treatments of methiocarb, while bird damages were occurred at the control; 30, 85, and 100％ of damages at 5, 10, and 15 days after seeding, respectively. The ratio of seedling stand was not significantly different among all of treatments, methiocarb, methiocarb＋thiram, and control. However, the plant height and the number of seedling leaves at 15 days after seeding was shortened and lowered statistically more at treatment of methiocarb 15g than those of methiocarb 10g and control. The plant height at 35 days after seeding, showing the recovery degrees of chemical injuries, was significantly lowered in treatment of methiocarb＋thiram 15g, whereas the plant height of methiocarb FS 15g was not significantly differed from that of the control. In the field study, the bird damages were significantly reduced in treatment of methiocarb compared to that of the control. The plant height and the number of leaves at 25 days after seeding were not differed statistically among all of treatments. The chemical injuries were occurred in all treatments of methiocarb at 10 days after seeding, while they were not shown at 20 days after seeding.
Effect of Seed Pretreatment with Chilling,
and Light on Bupleurum falcatum Germination
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 42, issue 4, 1997, Pages 384~391
In the cultivation of Bupleurum falcatum, one of the problems to surmount is long-term germination period and unstable germination. This experiment was done to examine the effect of
concentration [0(water), 0.01, 0.lmM], chilling, their treatment period [2, 4, 8 days (
) : 0, 2, 4 weeks (chilling)] and light quality (red, white, dark) given during the period as pretreatment before sowing on the seed germination of its two cultivars (cv. Jaerae, cv. Jangsu). Light treatment was given during all the periods of
treatment or for 0, 2, 4 days at the end of the chilling treatment. There was no difference in the mean germination rate between the levels of all the treatments except the
concentration meaning that water imbibition and
treatment had the same effect. As light quality treatment during the water imbibition was forced, the mean germination rate of Jaerae, 2 to 4 days imbibition period or red light was more increased or accelerated compared to the other levels of the same treatment, respectively. The rate of Jaerae not affected by the light quality was the greatest in the 2 days water imbibition while the rate of Jangsu was the greatest when water-imbibed for 4 days or treated by red light. No chilling before sowing showed the highest rate due to the light quality and white light forced after sowing had greater rate than the dark treatment. Although there was no difference between the rates of light quality treatment levels in the condition of no chilling before sowing and white light treatment after sowing, the rate of Jangsu was enhanced or accelerated only under illumination during 2 days water imbibition before sowing.
Morphological Traits of Trisomic Plant in Durum Wheat
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 42, issue 4, 1997, Pages 392~402
The morphological traits of different types of primary trisomics(2n=28＋1) in durum wheat, Triticum durum var. hordeiforme(2n=28 AABB) were compared with disomics (2n=28) through the examination of reciprocal gene action on the extra chromosomes. However it was not easy to distinguish morphologically the trisomies containing A genome from those containing B genome. These results suggested that the chromosomal location of the major genes for some morphological traits exists on homoeologous chromosome. It is important that these results revealed the homoeology and linkage groups of both A and B genomes in durum wheat. These primary trisomies will be valuable materials for the trisomic analysis and genetic mapping on the chromosome of both A and B genomes in durum wheat. Furthermore, it must be useful for the evolutionary study of Triticum durum(AABB) and Triticum squarrosa(DD) by way of the ancester species of Triticum aesitivum(AABBDD).
-Glucan and Starch Contents and Their Hydrolytic Enzyme Activities in Developing Barley Kernels
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 42, issue 4, 1997, Pages 403~409
To obtain information on the accumulation of (1-3, 1-4)-
-glucans during kernel maturation, (1-3, 1-4)-
-glucan contents and (1-3, 1-4)-
-glucanase activities were determined in developing kernels of the two Korean cooking barley varieties, Neulssalbori and Saessalbori. (1-3, 1-4)-
-Glucan contents in kernels at 5 and 10 days after anthesis(DAA) were very low and the contents increased rapidly in kernels at 15 to 25 DAA. (1-3, 1-4)-
-Glucan content in kernels at harvest was about 3.5 to 4% of kernel dry matter. (1-3, 1-4)-
-Glucanase activities were relatively higher in younger kernels but the levels of the activity were very low compared with those in germinating kernels. A significant negative correlation was observed between (1-3, 1-4)-
-glucan contents and (1-3, 1-4)-
-glucanase activities. Low levels of (1-3, 1-4)-
-glucanase activites in kernels at 15 to 30 DAA, however, may indicate that (1-3, 1-4)-
-glucanases have little effect on the final content of (1-3, 1-4)-
-glucans in barley kernels. Starch contents and
-amylase activities were also determined in developing barley kernels. Starch contents increased rapidly as kernels matured and the content at harvest was about 60% of kernel dry matter. Relativley higher levels of
-amylase activities in kernels at the earlier developmental stage decreased rapidly as kernels matured.
Flowering and Pod Setting Characteristics of Peanut Varieties as Affected by Planting Date
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 42, issue 4, 1997, Pages 410~415
To investigate the flowering and pod setting characteristics of peanut, Dae-kwangtangkong and Shinnamkwangtangkong were planted on April 20 and May 10 in 1994 at National Honam Agricultural Experiment Station. Number of days from planting to the maximum flowering in Daekwangtangkong were shorter than those of Shinnamkwangtangkong by 6 days in April 20 planting and by 13 days in May 10 planting. Flowering durations of Daekwangtangkong and Shinnamkwangtangkong in April 10 planting were 73 and 71 days, respectively, while those of both varieties were 64 days in May 10 planting. The rates of matured pods on cotyledonary, primary or secondary, and third branches were 58∼78, 6∼15 and 0∼2％, respectively. The rates of effective flowers in Daekwantangkong and Shinnamkwangtangkong were 10％ and 8％, respectively, in April 20 planting. The rates of matured pods were 100％ in Daekwangtangkong and 97％ in Shinnamkwangtangkong when pods were set within 15 days after the initial flowering, while the rate was decreased markedly when pods were set later than 35 days after the initial flowering.
Dry Matter Distribution during Seedling Development in Soybean
R. C. Seong ; K. H. Choi ; S. J. Park ;
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 42, issue 4, 1997, Pages 416~423
To obtain the basic information about the translocation of seed reserves of soybean[Glycine max(L.) Merrill] cultivars, 'Hill', 'Paldalkong' and 'Jangyeobkong' , the dry matter changes of emerging organs during the germination and seedling development were observed at the research farm of College of Natural Resources, Korea University, on May 26, June 5 and June 14. Mean fresh weight, dry weight and moisture content of three soybean cultivars were increased until the V2 stage in all seedling parts except cotyledons. Cotyledon dry weight was continuously decreased and the decreased amount at the V2 stage was about 80% of the cotyledon dry weight at the germination stage. Structural component of cotyledons was 22.2% of the cotyledon dry weight at the germination stage. Metabolic components of cotyledons were markedly decreased until V2 stage, and about 91% of cotyledon metabolic components at germination stage was utilized. However, those of whole seedling were increased after the V1 stage. Therefore, it appeared that role of cotyledons as nutrient supplier for germination and seedling growth was important until the V1 stage especially.
Optimum Sowing Date for Seed Production in Hemp
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 42, issue 4, 1997, Pages 424~428
This study was carried out to investigate the effects of sowing dates, Apr. 25, May 15, June 5 and June 25, on sex ratio, growth and seed yield of "Chonnam species", local variety of hemp plant. The results were following as. : In sex ratio according to the different seeding dates, the revealating rate of female and male plants were highest on June 25, and Apr. 25, respectively. The length of stem, the number of branches, nodes, and seed yield were increased on May 15, but these charateristics were rapidly reduced on June 25 because of short growing period. Yield of seeds was increased by 24％ on May 15 comparing with 1.30ton /ha on Apr. 25.
Morphological Characteristics of Seeds in Medicinal Plants of Umbelliferae
Eun Il, Lee ; Young Ok, Ko ; Chu Ho, Choi ; Jong Ki, Lee ; Seok Hyeon, Kim ;
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 42, issue 4, 1997, Pages 429~434
The most typical morphological characteristics of seeds of eight species in Umbelliferae are summarized as follows: 1. The common characteristics of seeds in Umbelliferae were bi-partite fruits, compound of 2-seeds, (fruitlet) oil canals and funiculus or carpaphore. 2. Seed shape of Umbelliferae were oblong or elliptic and ovate; seed colors were yellow, pale yellow or brown, dark brown or black. 3. Seed size ranged from 2 to 7mm in length and 2∼5mm in width. Angelica dahurica bore the largest seed while Ligusticum acutilobum showed the smallest. The 1000-seed weight ranged from 1. 7g in Bupleurum falcatum to 3.9g in Angelica gigas.
Factors Involved in Promoting Seed Germination of Foeniculum vulgare
Eun Il, Lee ; Chu Ho, Choi ; Jong Ki, Lee ; Seok Hyeon, Kim ;
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 42, issue 4, 1997, Pages 435~445
The effects of temperature, prechilling, chemicals such as
, IAA, kinetin and
on the germinability of Foeniculum vulgare seed of medicinal plant were examined. In Foeniculum vulgare, the germination rate appeared to be around 50~60% or more in general, showing no differences in germination rate with different temperatures, promoting substances, physical or chemical treatments, and prechilling treatments. The observation of embryo under stereoscopic microscope for Foeniculum vulgare in Umbelliferae showed that seeds with or without embryo was almost the same in number. This result suggests that the lower rate of germination in this species is caused by embryolessness of seeds. The straight-shaped embryos as well as Y-shaped embryos were also observed. Foeniculum vulgare of medicinal plants in Umbelliferae were observed under scanning electron microscope, and did not show any opening problem near micropyle area. Final count should be made on 7th day of germination test.
Heterochromatic Knob Number and Karyotype in Korean Indigenous Maize
In Sup, Lee ; Hee Bong, Lee ;
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 42, issue 4, 1997, Pages 446~451
A Giemsa C-banding method was used for the identification of somatic chromosomes and heterochromatic knob positions in Korean indigenous maize(Zea mays L.). Total of 10 inbred stocks were examined and their knob numbers ranged from 6 to 12. In comparison of homologous chromosomes of two stocks of Waesungri and PI 213749, arm ratios and relative length of chromosomes were different between genotypes. In comparison of arm ratios, all the homologous chromosomes except chromosome 2 were different each other. In comparison of relative length of chromosomes, that of chromosome 1 in Waesungri and PI213749 was 223.22 and 192.03 respectively. The relative length of homologous chromosomes in Waesungri were generally lager than those of PI213749. A C-banded diagram showing knob positions, arm ratios and relative length of chromosome could be used as a good tool to compare the characteristics of chromosomes of Korean indigenous maize stocks.
Water Absorption and Alkali Digestibility by Seed Size in Local Black Soybean Collections
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 42, issue 4, 1997, Pages 452~458
Seed characteristics such as seed size, seed shape and cotyledon color are important in relation to processing and cooking of soybean. Seed shape, water absorption rate, and alkali digestibility were evaluated for 28 local black soybean collections. Water uptake rate was low in small seed size at low temperature(5, 2
). However, higher water absorption rate was observed at high temperature(40, 6
) regardless of seed size. When seeds soaked up water, it reached to water absorption equilibrium after 10 hrs below 2
, within 10 hrs at 4
, and around 4 hrs at 6
, respectively. Significant positive correlations were observed between 100 seed weight and length, width and thickness of seed, respectively. Alkali digestibility value(ADV) was higher in large seed group than in small seed group. Among seed characteristics, significant positive correlation was shown between ADV and 100 seed weight, length, width, thickness and hilum length of seed, respectively. Soybean seed with green cotyledon showed higher ADV than that with yellow cotyledon.
Growth and Dry Matter Production of Direct Seeding on Flooded Paddy Surface and Machine Transplanting Rice
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 42, issue 4, 1997, Pages 459~465
This experiment was conducted to compare the change of growth and canopy photosynthesis between transplanting and direct seeding on paddy surface in rice. Total tiller number by the early vegetative growth stage was significantly higher in the direct seeding flooded paddy surface, while it was reversed from later vegetative growth stage in terms of tillering ability per unit period. But total panicle number was higher in direct seeding on paddy surface. Leaf area index, nitrogen content in leaf blade and canopy photosynthetic ability at later vegetative growth stage were lower in direct seeding on flooded paddy surface than transplanting. Biological yield at harvest stge, leaf area index and conopy photosynthetic activity at heading stage were gradually increasing according to nitrogen level increased both transplanting and direct seeding on paddy surface. Leaf area index, canopy photosynthetic activity, however, were lower in direct seeding on paddy surface than transplanting in the same nitrogen level. Nitrogen content per unit leaf area was high in transplanting.
Flowering and Maturing Response to Seeding Date and Short-day Treatment in Vegetable Perilla
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 42, issue 4, 1997, Pages 466~472
Vegetable perilla, "Ipdlkkae 1"(Perilla frutescens var japonica Hara), was tested about the flowering and maturing responce in summer and winter. In summer season, it was researched about those responses according to the change of seeding date from May 15th to Oct. 15th at one month interval in the field. "Ipdlkkae 1" flowered Oct. 2nd under the day length of eleven hours and fourty-one minutes, compared with Sep. 6th (day length of twelve hours and fourty-three minutes) of "Yepsildlggae". And those responses showed that vegetable perilla was have to seeded before July 15th for two reason. The first is a unique response of perilla to day length. If perilla stay under short-day condition for some days, perilla will flower after four weeks. The second is a weather, especially frost and cold. In the test of latest seeding at Oct. 15th, the plants flowered more late than normal flowering period and they were not able to mature for frost of early winter. And this result showed that any other species, which has the characteristic of later flowering than that of "Ipdlkkae 1", could not able to mature in the field. In winter time, this species was tested about the same responses according to the change of short-day treatments. In the case of the test from May 1st (above fourteen hours day length), even if the test plants were stayed under short-day condition for more than 10 days, they were not able to mature, but flowerd. From the test of Apr. 15th, day length of thirteen hours, the plants were showed variable reaction to the short-day treatment. In this test, 11days for short-day treatment was a basic day to decide whether flowering was delayed or not. In the test from Apr. 1st, perilla seeds were able to harvest at least 5 days short-day treatment. In the final test from Mar. 15th, it had no need to take short-day treatment for harvesting of normal seeds, because the day length of that are twelve hours, which is an enough time to induce flowering and maturing, previously reported.
Canopy Microclimate of Water-Seeding Rice during Internode Elongation Period
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 42, issue 4, 1997, Pages 473~482
Temperature, humidity and wetness duration were monitored for fully developed paddy rice canopies with 3 different structures induced by the seeding method(puddled-soil drill seeding, DS ; hand broadcasting, HB ; machine broadcasting, MB). Within-canopy air temperature averaged over "clear sky" hours during the study period(maximum tillering through heading) was lower than the screen temperature at a nearby standard weather station, especially in the night. The same trend was true for "overcast sky" hours except the diurnal distinction. Vapor pressure within the canopy was high during the daytime and low in the night, making the daytime deviation from outside the canopy more significant on clear days. Under the overcast sky, the canopy maintained a steady 5 to 10％ higher vapor pressure than the outside regardless of day or night. Daily maximum temperature was observed to be higher within the canopies with more leaf mass, making MB the highest, HB the lowest, and DS in between. Relative humidity was over 90％ in the night and dropped to 70％ in the mid-afternoon, but vapor pressure within the canopy was highest at around 13:00 LST. Dew point depression was lowest and, combined with the temperature, the relative humidity was highest in HB. Mean period of wetting duration was in the order of DS＞HB＞MB, while the dew point depression was greatest in DS.
Forage Yield and TDN by Cutting Time of Brittle Culm Rice
Soo-Yeon Cho ;
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 42, issue 4, 1997, Pages 483~488
This experiment was conducted to determine cutting time on the yield and nutritive value of brittle culm rice. Plant height and number of tiller were significantly different between variety and cutting time, and regrowth plant height and rate of regrowth tiller were tall and high at the early cutting. Early cutting increased crude protein, fat and NFE(Nitrogen free extract) content in the harvested foliage but crude fiber and ash content were decreased in the first cutting. Those of second cutting also showed reverse tendency. Fresh and dry matter yield were highest on heading date cutting, and those of KL501 were higher than those of Seomjinbyeo. TDN(Total digestible nutrients) content was higher with earlier cutting for initiated cutting, but that of second cutting was reversed. KL501 showed higher TDN content than Seomjinbyeo did at the any cutting time. TDN yield of heading date cutting was higher than that of the other cutting time.