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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Crop Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Crop Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 42, Issue 6 - Dec 1997
Volume 42, Issue 5 - Oct 1997
Volume 42, Issue 4 - Aug 1997
Volume 42, Issue 3 - Jun 1997
Volume 42, Issue 2 - Apr 1997
Volume 42, Issue 1 - Feb 1997
Selecting the target year
Integrated Mechanization System on Polyethylene Film Mulching Culture in Sesame
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 42, issue 5, 1997, Pages 489~496
This study was carried out to develop and investigate integrated mechanization system on polyethylene(P.E.) film mulching culture in sesame. Field trials were carried out to develop optimum mechanics for each step of manual operation in sesame culture and demonstrated those developed mechanics of sesame dibbling vinyl mulcher, sesame binder, sesame thresher and sesame grader at the farmer, s field of Hwasong (Kyunggi-do) in 1994 and 1995. Newly developed sesame dibbling vinyl mulcher brought saving manpower 280 hrs /ha for sowing and P.E. film mulching with it's 98％ of labour saving for the harvesting operation of sesame. Sesame Binder showed 93％ labour saving for cutting and binding with only 22 hrs /ha compared to 330 hrs /ha that of conventional. Sesame thresher was appeared to have 85％ effects of labour saving for threshing with completely dry sesame bundles at one time by 23 hrs /ha compared to 151 hrs /ha that of conventional. Sesame grader was appeared to have 72％ effects for sesame grain grading with 12 hrs /ha compared to that of conventional 54 hrs /ha. Grain yield of integrated mechanization culture system showed 6％ higher than that of coventional. Integrated mechanization culture system (sesame dibbling vinyl mulcher ＋ sesame binder ＋ sesame thresher ＋ sasame grader) showed 62％ of labour saving effects through whole steps of sesame culture by 472 hrs /ha compared to that of conventional 1, 230 hrs /ha.
Germination and Physical Characteristics of Pelleted Sesame Seed with Different Materials
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 42, issue 5, 1997, Pages 497~502
A seed pelleting technique was developed for easy handling of small sesame seeds (Chinbaeckkae) and for direct seeding in field. The mixture of pelleting material, binder(sodium alginate) and seeds were dropped in 100mM CaCl
solution. Charcoal was appeared as a best material among all to make pellets with the characters of hardness, breakdown, destruction rate and germination percentage. Zeolite formed the hardest pellet seeds among the materials and 1~3 seeds contained in a pellet on the treatment of 87g of sesame seeds mixed in 1
solution was estimated optimum rate of seed mixure with few appearance of seedless pellet. The moisture absorption rate was greater in the order of peat＋charcoal > peat > charcoal > zeolite. Germination percentage of pelleted seeds with charcoal was the best and similar to that of common non-treated seeds. Germination percentage of pelleted seeds by sowing depth of exposing a quarter of pellet seeds on the surface of vermiculite germination test box and were 92％ in charcoal treatment and was the best among all released materials.
Comparison of Panicle and Spikelet Development in Rice Cultivars Milyang 23 and Koshihikari
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 42, issue 5, 1997, Pages 503~514
The morphogenesis of panicle and spikelet in paddy rice has been studied in high yielding Indica
Japonica hybrid cultivar, Milyang 23 and a Japonica type cultivar, Koshihikari. Germinated seeds planted in
a pots filled with submerged soil and cultured under natural conditions. The young panicle of main stem were continuously dissected and observered by Cryo-SEM from the panicle initiation stage until heading stage. Although the date of panicle differentiation and heading in Koshihikari earlier than those of Milyang 23. the sequence of panicle development in two cultivars begins when first bract primordium at opposite side of flag-leaf primordium differentiated, synchronously followed by growth of the primary branch primordia (PBPs) and secondary branch primordia (SBPs), spikelet primordia(SPs), glumes as lateral organs on rachilla and organs composing single floret, and successive sporogenesis in the young spikelets continue after the enclosure by lemma and palea. The PBPs are acropetally initiated from the base of the panicle primordium, and the SBPs alternately differentiate from the base of upper PBP which differentiate later than the lower PBP. Spikelet development starts at the top of upper side PBP of the young panicle and continue basipetally even though SBPs continue to develop at the lower primary branch. Each PBP, SBP and SP differentiate with differentiation bract or bract hair cell around the base of each their primordia. The observation could confirm that Milyang 23 has not only 2~3 more defferentiated PBPs, but also more SBPs and SPs especially from middle-lower primary branch, at end of their differentiation stages, as compared to those of Koshihikari.
Changes of Nitrogen Uptake, Growth and Activities of Nitrogen Metabolizing Enzymes by Different Source of Nitrogen in Tobacco
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 42, issue 5, 1997, Pages 515~521
Tobacco plant was grown for 40 days hydroponically in nutrient solutions composed of different forms of nitrogen, like NO
-N, and a mixed formulation of NO
-N and NH
-N. Uptake response, nitrate reductase, and glutamine synthetase activity at growth stage were investigated to understand the basic knowledge of nitrogen metabolism. The better growth of shoot and root was observed in the mixed nutrient solution than NO
-N or NH
-N, alone. The plant growth in NH
-N nutrient solution was poor due to ammonium toxicity. The pH of nutrient solution containing NO
-N increased up to 40 days after transplanting. But the pH of solution containing NO
-N decreased drastically to 3.42 at 20 days after transplant. The pH in the mixed formulation dropped to pH 3.64 at 30 days after transplant and showed re-increase. It is assumed that nitrogen of NH
-N form was taken up preferentially at early stage and NO
-N form was taken up preferentially at middle stage in the treatment with the mixed solution. The result indicates that the relative proportion of nitrogen forms affected the uptake patterns at each growth stages. The contents of chlorophyll and soluble protein were high with the mixed solution. Total nitrogen content was the highest in NH
-N solution and the content also increased by the application of the mixed type of nitrogen. The amount of nitrate in leaves was high in NO
-N treatment and the amount of ammonium was high in NH
-N treatment. The activity of nitrate reductase or glutamine synthetase was highest in the leaves grown in mixed nutrient solution than in those with any other single of nitrogen form.
Optimum Seeding Rate of Water Seeded Rice on Corrugated Paddy Surface in East Coastal Area
Soon-Chul Kim ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 42, issue 5, 1997, Pages 522~527
To find out the optimum seeding rate in corrugated water seeded rice, field experiment was carried out at Yeongdeog Substation of the National Yeongnam Agricultural Experiment Station for two years, 1994 and 1995. A rice cultivar Donghaebyeo, was seeded on May 15 with five seeding rate from 3kg /10a to 7kg /10a. The number of seedling stand per unit area was curvilinearly increased with seeding rate. In characteristics of rice plant associated with lodging, the plant height, fresh weight per tiller, Culm wall thickness and ratio of gravity center were not significantly different among seeding rates, but the breaking strength of 4th internode was slightly decreased with increasing seeding rate and thus, lodging index was generally greater at higher seeding rate than lower seeding rate. Field lodging was observed at 1~3 degree in seeding rate of 5~7kg /10a. Panicle number per unit area was generally increase with increase of seeding rate, while ratio of ripened grain was decreased with increase of spikelet number. Milled rice yield was curvilinearly increased with seeding rate. The optimum seeding rate in the highest rice yield was 4.8kg /10a in 1994, and 4.3kg /a in 1995, respectively.
Effects of Cutting Height on Forage Yield and Nutritive Value of Brittle Culm-Rice
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 42, issue 5, 1997, Pages 528~533
This experiment was conducted to determine the effects of cutting height on the yield and nutritive value of brittle culm rice. A brittle culm cultivar, KL501, was compared with a non-brittle culm rice, Seomjinbyeo. The cultivars were grown in paddy until flowering stage at which the first cutting was made followed by the second cutting on October 20. Cutting regime conducted were 0, 5, 10 and 20cm from the surface. Herbage yield, TDN and other nutritive values were measured. As the higher cutting height, crude protein, fat and NFE (nitrogen free extract) contents were increased and crude fiber and ash content were decreased at the first cutting, while those at second cutting were increased except NFE content. Fresh and dry matter yield at 10cm cutting height, Seomjinbyeo was 4.45 and 1.16t /ha, KL501 was 4.71 and 1.14t /ha, respectively. TDN content of first cutting was increased as the higher cutting height, but that of second cutting was decreased. TDN yields of Seomjinbyeo and KL501 at 10cm cutting height were highest by showing 0.63t /ha and 0.61t /ha, respectively.
Physiological Response of Winter Barley to Salt Stress at Seedling Stage
Yong-Woong Kwon ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 42, issue 5, 1997, Pages 534~538
Some physiological characteristics and cultivar differences of winter barley to salt stress were studied during seedling stage. Salt stress was caused by adding NaCl solution to the pot culture soil. Measurements of the responses to salt stress and of the responses after relief from stress were done in terms of leaf water potential, chlorophyll and free proline contents, seedling height and seedling dry weight, and survival rate of leaves. Under salt stress (
=-20bar) seedling height and seedling weight were decreased by 2~22% and by 25~39% respectively, showing some differences among cultivars. Chlorophyll contents was decreased by 33~49%, and free proline content was remarkably increased from control 0.2~0.3mg to salt stress 9.6~14.7mg. The leaf water potential of seedling grown under salt stress with NaCl solution(
=-10 or -20bar) was decreased from control -3.3bar to salt stress -9.0bar or -16.2bar respectively but there were no large differences among cultivars with time after relief from salt stress. Leaf survival rate was high in order of Baegdong, Milyang12, Olbori, Durubori and Hyangmaeg, and decrease rate of seedling dry weight was low in the order of Baegdong, Olbori, Hyangmaeg, Milyang12, Durubori. The increase in free proline contents was high in the order of Milyang12, Hyangmaeg, Baegdong, Durubori and Olbori.
Climatic Influence on Seed Protein Content in Soybean(Glycine max)
M. H. Yang ; J. W. Burton ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 42, issue 5, 1997, Pages 539~547
This study was carried out to identify how soybean seed protein concentration is influenced by climatic factors. Twelve lines selected for seed protein concentration were studied in 13 environments of North Carolina. Sensitivity of seed protein concentration, total seed protein, and seed yield to climatic variables was investigated using a linear regression model. Best response models were determined using two stepwise selection methods, Maximum R-square and Stepwise Selection. There were wide climatic effects in seed protein concentration, total protein and seed yield. The highest protein concentration environment was characterized by the most high temperature days(HTD) and the smallest variance of average daily temperature range (VADTRg), while the lowest protein concentration environment was distinguished by the fewest HTD and the largest VADTRg. For protein concentration, all lines responded positively to average maximum daily temperature(MxDT), HTD, and average daily temperature range(ADTRg) and negatively to ADRa, while they responded positively or negatively to average daily temperature(ADT), variance of average minimum daily temperature (VMnDT), and VADTRg, indicating that genotypes may greatly differ in degrees of sensitivity to each climatic variable. Eleven lines seemed to have best response models with 2 or 3 variables. Exceptionally, NC106 did not show a significant sensitivity to any climatic variable and thus did not have a best response model. This indicates that it may be considered phenotypically more stable. For total seed protein and seed yield, all the lines responded negatively to both ADTRg and VADRa, suggesting that synthesis of seed components may increase with less daily temperature range and less variation in daily rainfall.
Effects of Gibberellin and Phytochrome B on Internode Elongation in Sorghum
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 42, issue 5, 1997, Pages 548~555
Sorghum seedlings lacking one of the phytochromes, phyB, have elongated internode, suggesting that they may have an alteration in gibberellin physiology. To test the possibility that phyB mutations affect seedling gibberellin perception and metabolism, the responsiveness of wild-type and phyB-1 seedlings to exogenous
was investigated. The phyB-1 showed higher internode elongation rate than the wild type in response to lower concentrations of exogenous
application, showing that the mutation causes an increase in responsiveness to GA. However, at the higher concentrations of
application, phyB-l and wild-type showed similar elongation rate, impling that responsiveness to higher concentrations of GA is not controlled by phytochrome. These results suggest that, although GAs are required for internode elongation, phyB does not act primarily by changing absolute levels of GAs but rather by decreasing seedling responsiveness to GAs at lower concentrations.
Effect of Photoperiod on Diurnal Change of Gibberellins Levels in Sorghum
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 42, issue 5, 1997, Pages 556~563
The endogenous gibberellin(GA) levels of sorghum grown under different photoperiodic conditions were measured by GC-MS-SIM. The effect of photoperiods on the diurnal GA levels of the 13-hydroxylation pathway was investigated by sampling every 6 h for 1 day. Levels of
were not constant throughout sampling times but rather rhythmic in productions. Wild-type seedlings grown under short photoperiod contained more
than those of long photoperiod. Although plant height of phyB-l(phytochrome B mutant) was taller than wild-type under all photoperiods tested,
concentration of wild-type grown under 10 h photoperiod was higher than that of phyB-l grown under the same photoperiod. These results are compatible with the idea that phytochrome B changed seedling responsiveness to GAs.
Effects of Different Vetch Sward Treatments on Soil and Rice Growth in No-till Direct-sown Rice-Vetch Interrelaying Cropping Systems
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 42, issue 5, 1997, Pages 564~570
Field experiments were carried out to investigate the effects of different residue treatment of vetch sward on soil improvement, rice growth and grain yield from 1995 to 1996. With Chinese milkvetch, pH, Ca, and Mg of paddy soil were increased in subsoil(10~20cm soil depth), and organic matter, P
, and K were increased in top soil (0~10cm soil depth). Redox potential of the paddy soil with milkvetch residue was severely reduced at earlier flooding period, and recovered gradually as rice growth continued. Weeds were more abundant in the paddy with unchanged vetch stand. The most dominant weed species in the paddy soil with vetch sward residue was Echinochloa crus-galli, followed by Leersia japonica, Polygonum hydropiper in the order of abundance. Seedling establishment ratio of rice directly sown over vetch-sward was lower than in conventional tillage paddy(no-vetch, tilled) condition. Rice growth pattern, however, was not significantly affected by vetch sward treatments. The number of tillers per square meter and plant height at heading date were not significantly different among the vetch-sward treatments. Grain yield was the highest in plough of vetch vegetation, followed by conventional (no-vetch, tilled), live-mulching of vetch, vetch-removed, and vetch-desiccated by weedcide. The whole grain rice yield was the lowest in vetch-desiccated by weedcide.
Using Image Analysis Technique to Test Grain Hardness in Wheat
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 42, issue 5, 1997, Pages 571~578
The development of new approaches for wheat grain hardness assessment may impact the grain industry in marketing, milling and breeding. This experiment was to develop a new method for fast identification between softness and hardness, and for maintaining germinability of seed after measurement in wheat. Results from the comparisons of accuracy and significance between image analysis and conventional methods(NIRS and textrometer) were summarized. Data obatined from image analysis for grain hardness did not show any difference from those of the conventional methods. The protein content analyzed by micro-Kjeldahl method was significantly correlated with the grain hardness measured by image analysis, textrometer, and NIRS. The analysis for wheat grain hardness using image analysis may be used as an alternative method to the conventional methods. This method also takes the seeds after analysis can be utilized as breeding materials in early generations.
Simulation of Local Climate and Crop Productivity in Andong after Multi-Purpose Dam Construction
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 42, issue 5, 1997, Pages 579~596
A simulation study was carried out to delineate potential effects of the lake-induced climate change on crop productivity around Lake Imha which was formed after a multi-purpose dam construction in Andong, Korea. Twenty seven cropping zones were identified within the 30 km by 25 km study area. Five automated weather stations were installed within the study area and operated for five years after the lake formation. A geostatistical method was used to calculate the monthly climatological normals of daily maximum and minimum temperature, solar radiation and precipitation for each cropping zone before and after the dam construction. Daily weather data sets for 30 years were generated for each cropping zone from the monthly normals data representing "No lake" and "After lake" climatic scenarios, respectively. They were fed into crop models (ORYZA1 for rice, SOYGRO for soybean, CERES-maize for corn) to simulate the yield potential of each cropping zone. Calculated daily maximum temperature was higher after the dam construction for the period of October through March and lower for the remaining months except June and July. Decrease in daily minimum temperature was predicted for the period of April through August. Monthly total radiation was predicted to decrease after the lake formation in all the months except February, June, and September and the largest drop was found in winter. But there was no consistent pattern in precipitation change. According to the model calculation, the number of cropping zones which showed a decreased yield potential was 2 for soybean and 6 for corn out of 27 zones with a 10 to 17% yield drop. Little change in yield potential was found at most cropping zones in the case of paddy rice, but interannual variation was predicted to increase after the lake formation. the lake formation.
Effect of Night-break Timing on Growth, Bolting and Anthesis of Orostachys japonicus
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 42, issue 5, 1997, Pages 597~603
Orostachys japonicus, Wasong as herb medicine, has been artificially cultivated as an anti-tumor medicinal. The experiment was carried out to examine the effect of natural daylength as control or night-break treatment (NB) imposed at June 20, July 18 or Aug. 15 on its growth, dry weights of leaf and bract, stem, floret and root, and morphological characters including bolting and floret flowering. After a plant was grown in a 15cm plastic pot containing a 2 : 1 soil : peat moss mixture on May 23, three treatments with above differing night-break had been imposed around midnight up to Nov. 7. The plants were sampled 3 times at the same day forced to night-break and then done 6 times by 2-week interval after the final NB. Plant height and inflorescence length of all the NB increased with delayed NB but declined in comparison with the natural daylength. No. of leaves including bracts showed similar response to plant height although NB given before July 18 showed less leaves and bracts. Stem diameters of NB were continuously increased to middle Sept. to middle Oct. while that of natural daylength decreased after middle Oct. Natural daylength or NB given on Aug. 15 had greater fraction, shoot and total dry weights resulting from increment of leaf and bract up to Aug. or of floret, stem and root after Sept. The earlier NB, the later formation of florets and the less number of flowering florets whereas in natural daylength florets on inflorescence begun to be formed from middle Sept. were sharply increased up to middle Oct. when all the plants were flowered. Bolting was not formed in the plant of the earliest NB of June 20, and thereby no anthesis of florets up to early Nov. It was concluded that year-round cultivation of Orostachys japonicus plants was possible through controlling the NB timing because its bolting and flowering of florets separately occurred.
Comparison of Performance and Stability Parameters for Soybean Yield
Suk-Ha, Lee ; Yong-Hwan, Ryu ; Yeul-Gue, Seung ; Seok-Dong, Kim ; Eun-Hi, Hong ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 42, issue 5, 1997, Pages 604~608
Ten selected soybean genotypes, consisting of nine from a pedigree breeding programme and one recommended variety, were evaluated in nine different locations and over two years for stability of yield performance. Variance component analysis revealed that soybean regional yield trials should be performed at more locations rather than in more years. Five stability parameters, which were coefficient of variability, regression coefficient, deviation parameter, variance component for genotype
environment interaction, and ecovalence, were employed in the evaluation. Significant genotype
environment interaction was present with respect to soybean yield. The highest average yield over nine locations and two years was shown in Suwon 145, which was considered to be stable in all stability statistics. In rank correlation among stability parameters, there were highly significant correlations among stability parameters derived from three Eberhart and Russell's, Plaisted's, and Wricke's methods. Due to the different ranking of genotypes by different stability parameters, a comprehensive method should be employed to identify the promising genotype as well as to characterize the relationship between genotype and environment.
Effects of C-MH on Yield and Pure Seed Ratio in Peanut(Arachis hypogaea L.)
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 42, issue 5, 1997, Pages 609~614
C-MH(Choline salt of maleic hydrazide, 39％) has been applied on peanut(Arachis hypogaea L.) plant in 1994∼1995 on three different times of 24 days after flowering (DAF), 28 DAF and 31 DAF and on three different levels of 0.2, 0.1. 0.067％, respectively. Main stem length was noticeably retarded by 38∼44％ compared to that of non-treatment. Branch numbers were not changed by C-MH treatments. Ratio of flowering inhibition was 38％ in 0.2％ concentration and 22％ in 0.067％ at 28 days after flowering treatment compared to that of control. Ratio of pure seed was slightly enhanced by 3％ in 28 DAF treatments. Yield productivity was increased by 7％ in 0.1％, at 28 DAF treatment compared to that of non-treatment (3.2MT /ha).
Plant Regeneration from Protoplasts of Indica Rice
Sung-Ho, Lee ; Young Goel, Shon ; Soo In, Lee ; Zhoo Hyeon, Kim ; Moo Je, Cho ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 42, issue 5, 1997, Pages 615~625
An efficient protocol for plant regeneration from protoplasts of the indica rice variety IR43 has been developed. The procedure involved plating of embryogenic suspension-derived protoplasts on the surface of a filter membrane overlaying agarose-embedded feeder cells. Lolium multiflorum cell suspensions were preferable to these of Oryza ridleyi as feeder cells and Lolium suspensions supported colony formation from up to 0.68％ of the protoplasts, depending on the age of cell suspensions. Plant regeneration frequency was significantly improved by using maltose alone or in a 1:1(w/w) combination with sucrose as carbohydrate source and a simple dehydration treatment using a high concentration of agarose in the regeneration medium. Medium containing maltose or maltose mixed with sucrose increased the plant regeneration frequency compared with medium containing sucrose alone. The plant regeneration frequency was increased to 30.7 to 70.7％ following dehydration treatment, while the non-treated controls showed a regeneration frequency of 3.1 to 30.6％. Protoplast-derived plants were transferred to the glasshouse, flowered with morphologically normal.
Inheritance of Grain Filling Duration in Corn
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 42, issue 5, 1997, Pages 626~631
This study was conducted to clarify the genetic effect on the duration of grain filling with using the eight corn inbreds. In diallel cross analysis, the grain filling during the lag period showed partial dominance with great additive effects. Inbreds FR14A and A508 showed greater recessive gene effects for lag period, while FR25 showed greater effects of dominant genes. The genetic analysis for the effective filling period(EFP) showed over dominance without additive gene effects. FR25 of 8 inbreds showed greatest effects of dominant genes for EFP, while YUBC208 showed greater recessive gene effects for EFP than other inbreds. The genetic analysis for total grain filling period(TGFP) seemed to be due to partial dominance with greater additive effects. Early inbred line, YUBC208 especially showed greater recessive gene effects for TGFP than others. No. of effective genes related to EFP and TGFP were estimated by at least 5.
Influence of Drought on Leaf Growth and Water Potential in Tobacco
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 42, issue 5, 1997, Pages 632~639
The experiment which imposed the water stress to tobacco(Nicotiana tabacum L.) plant was carried at the late of maximum growth period. In order to know the influence of drought stress on the growth and developmemt of tobacco leaves of different position and to elucidate the physiological response of plant to various soil water content, stomatal conductance, and leaf water potential were measured. The drought stress at the maximum growth period negatively affected to the overall growth characteristics of shoot. The response of the growth was small at the middle and the lower leaves, and great at the upper leaves. The relative water content of upper, middle, and lower leaves at the fifth day after treatment were 74, 64, and 59%, respectively, as soil water content was reduced by 4.3%. This suggested that the wilting point of tobacco leaf was about 75%. The leaf water potential was -0.58 MPa in control and dropped to -1.20 MPa at the fifth day after treatment. This indicated that wilting of leaf may occur at the condition in which the difference of water potential between treatment and control, well watered, was greater than about 20%. Stomatal conductance at the fifth day after treatment dropped from 12 mol /
to 0.8 mol /
in the middle and the upper leaves. Stomatal conductance of lower leaves already matured were not affected highly by drought stress at the maximum growth period, but maturing leaves, middle and upper leaves, were highly affected by limitation of soil water.
Variation of Leaflet Traits and Their Association with Agronomic Traits of Soybean Germplasm
Yeong Ho, Lee ; Yung Kuang, Huang ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 42, issue 5, 1997, Pages 640~646
To determine variations in leaflet length (LL), leaflet width (LW), leaflet size (LS), and leaflet shape index (LSI), and their association with eight agronomic traits, characterization data of 884 soybean accessions which were grown in the autumn of 1992 in Taiwan were analyzed. LL ranged from 4.3 to 14.7 cm, and LW ranged from 2.8 to 9.7 cm. Also, LS (LL
LW) ranged from 12.1 to 124.6
. The absolute variation of LL, LW, and LS was not large because of limitation in vegetative growth by short day length. None was classified as a large leaflet based on the International Board for Plant Genetic Resources (IBPGR) descriptors. LSI (LL /LW) ranged from 1.21 to 3.06, and three accessions were classified as narrow leaflet. There were differences in ranges and means of LL, LW, LS, and LSI between and within temperate and tropical accessions. LL, LW, LS, and LSI had highly significant positive correlations with seven agronomic traits and highly significant negative correlation with 100-seed weight except LW for all accessions. There was variation in the closeness of association among leaflet traits, and between and within temperate and tropical accessions. Generally, LL, LW, and LS were more closely associated with days to flowering, plant height at
, number of pods per plant; LSI was more closely associated with 100-seed weight than other traits.