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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Journal of Crop Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Crop Science
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Volume & Issues
Volume 43, Issue 4 - Dec 1998
Volume 43, Issue 3 - Sep 1998
Volume 43, Issue 2 - Jun 1998
Volume 43, Issue 1 - Mar 1998
Selecting the target year
QTL Mapping of Genes Related with Grain Chemical Properties Based on Molecular Map of Rice
Kang, Hyeon-Jung ; Cho, Yong-Gu ; Lee, Young-Tae ; Kim, Young-Doo ; Eun, Moo-Young ; Shim, Jae-Uk ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 43, issue 4, 1998, Pages 199~204
This study was conducted to investigate the chromosomal locations and effects of quantitative trait loci (QTL) associated with chemical properties of rice (Oryza sativa L.). One hundred sixty four recombinant inbred lines (MGRILs) of
were derived from the cross between Milyang 23, Tongil type, and Gihobyeo, japonica type. They were evaluated for 7 traits of chemical property in rice. Transgressive segregation was observed for all traits examined. Eight significant QTLs were detected (LOD
2.0) for five traits, including two QTLs for amylose content, two QTLs for potassium content, one QTL for ratio of magnesium to potassium, one QTL for fat content and two QTLs for ash content. Phenotypic variation explained by each QTL ranged from 7.2% to 14.4%. However, no significant QTL was detected for magnesium and protein contents. In amylose content and ash content M alleles originated from Milyang 23 were responsible for increasing these traits and J alleles originated from Gihobyeo also responsible for increasing these traits. Pleiotropic effects of single QTLs on different traits are observed.
Characteristics of Phytolith on Rice Leaf
Rha, Eui-Shik ; Kim, Jin-Key ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 43, issue 4, 1998, Pages 205~208
Silica bodies (phytoliths) are becoming of wide use for pedology, archaeology, paleobotany and paleoecology in botany. This study investigated morphological differences of silica bodies in the lamina of wild, indica type, and japonica type rice. Phytoliths in the epidermis of lamina showed noticeable difference among tested plants. Besides, there were also significant differences in the shape and distribution of the silica bodies around stomata and trichomes. Silica bodies in the lamina of the rice plants could be used to classify subspecies of Oryza genus.
Quantitative Determination of Sesaminol Glucosides in Sesame Seed
Ryu, Su-Noh ; Kim, Kwan-Su ; Bang, Jin-Ki ; Lee, Bong-Ho ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 43, issue 4, 1998, Pages 209~213
The sesaminol glucosides in 80% EtOH extract from sesame seeds were separated by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). A HPLC system using a Develosil ODS-5 column and gradient elution system from 30% to 80% methanol was selected for separation and quantitative determination of sesaminol triglucoside, sesaminol diglucoside, and sesaminol monoglucoside. Quantitative analyses for these sesaminol glucosides, sesaminol triglucoside, sesaminol diglucoside, and sesaminol monoglucoside were determined on the basis of standard curve of sesaminol glucosides. Sesaminol triglucoside, sesaminol diglucoside and sesaminol monoglucoside contents of the seed of one Korean sesame cultivar, Danbaekggae, were 56.4 mg/100g, 9.6 mg/100g, and 7.5 mg/100g, respectively. The most abundant aglycon of lignan glucosides in sesame seed was sesaminol triglucoside
Effect of Seed Coating with Polymers on Seed Vigour and Seedling Stand in Direct Seeded Rice
Song, Dong-Seog ; Lee, Sheong-Chun ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 43, issue 4, 1998, Pages 214~222
These experiments were conducted to investigate water uptake, electrical conductivity, germination percentage, seedling growth, and seedling establishment rate in direct seeding cultivation of rice. The rice seeds of six japonica type varieties were coated with 12 kinds of polymers in a standard concentration of 0.2% using seed coating machine. The water absorption of the polymer-coated seeds under saturation conditions was not different among varieties, and was the highest in kulcel, maltrin, and waterlock on the polymer-coated seeds. The electrical conductivity with waterlock (55.0
) was higher than the control plot (45.6
) and other treatments. The germination of the polymer-coated seeds was 95.9% at control plot, 92.7% at low temperature and 35.7% at high temperature. The total dry weight of seed decreased in the order of low temperature, control plot, and high temperature, and was effective in pvp (polyvinyl pyrrolidone), opadry, and sacrust. The seedling establishment rate in direct seeding cultivation ranged from 74.9 to 81.0% in flooded paddy surface, and ranged from 64.7 to 76.6% in dry paddy. In both cases, it decreased in the order of early, medium and medium-late varieties, but was enhanced in daran 8600, sepirect, and sacrust. According to this study the recommended polymers for direct seeding cultivation of rice are daran 8600, sepirect, and sacrust.
Sprouting Condition of Crown Bud and Plug Seedling Production in Yacon
Doo, Hong-Soo ; Choo, Byung-Kil ; Ryu, Jeom-Ho ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 43, issue 4, 1998, Pages 223~227
The objectives of this study were to find the sprouting condition and to establish the optimum production methods of plug seedlings in yacon (Polymnia sonchifolia Poepp. & Endl.). The sprouting ratio was greatest at
at 20 days after planting. Crowns with single buds were more effective than those with two or more buds for sprouting, which might be due to the apical dominance. Planting the shoots separated from crown after sprouting in the single- and double-layer polyethylene-covered greenhouses reduced seedling period with 25% and 50%, respectively. Planting the shoots after sprouting was more effective than planting the crown buds. Double-layer polyethylene-covered green-house was good for plug seedling production than open field or single-layer polyethylene-covered greenhouse. The bed soils composed of clay loam : compost or sand : compost (1:l=v:v) were more effective to produce plug seedlings than only clay loam, sand or compost. Seedlings could be produced at 30 days after planting in our studies.
Electrophoretic and Immunological Evaluation of Secalin in Rye, Triticale, and Wheat-Rye Translocation Wheat
Seo, Yong-Weon ; Hong, Byung-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 43, issue 4, 1998, Pages 228~233
Seed storage proteins have been used for studying biochemical genetics and end-use quality aspects. We conducted enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and one-dimensional SDS-PAGE (1D SDS-PAGE) to evaluate different cereal crop species and Korean wheat lines for rye secalin proteins. The antisecalin antibody showed consistent specificity for rye secalin with little cross-reactivity to gliadins. Immunological cross-reactivities measured by the ELISA technique using competition assay showed significant differences of absorbance among rye, triticale, wheat-rye translocated wheat and non-translocated wheat. The absorbance values were lowest in rye followed by triticale, translocated wheat and non-translocated wheat. The ELISA for discrimination of wheat-rye translocation on the basis of antigen-antibody reactivity showed that none of the Korean wheat lines possessed 1RS and secalin proteins. The competitive ELISA experiment demonstrated specific determination for secalin that was originated from rye chromosomal parts. The result of 1D SDS-PAGE for identifying rye secalin subunits showed all three rye specific secalin protein subunits (75 KDa, 45 KDa, and 40 KDa) for rye and triticale, and 1RS specific secalins (45 KDa and 40 KDa) for 1AL/1RS and 1BL/1RS translocated wheats. All Korean wheats were lacking 1RS of rye chromosome and secalin.
Salinity Tolerance of Progenies between Korean Cultivars and IRRI's New Plant Type Lines in Rice
Lee, Seung-Yeob ; Dharmawansa Senadhira ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 43, issue 4, 1998, Pages 234~238
To select new germplasm for salinity tolerance from new plant type (NPT) breeding lines, the sixty F
lines selected from the crosses between Korean cultivars and IRRI's NPT lines were evaluated for salinity tolerance at the seedling stage with salinized culture solution (EC=12 dS/m) in the controlled conditions. Two NTP lines derived from a cross between 'Ilmibyeo' and 'IR66152-AC5-1', 'HR15258-7-1' and 'HR15258-27-1', were found to have good tolerance. The salinity tolerance of the lines was compared to their parents and the sensitive ('IR29') and tolerant ('Pokkali') checks in three salinity levels, no salinity (control) and an EC of 12 and 16 dS/m. Visual salinity score, shoot Na+ and Na-K ratio in two NPT lines was significantly low compared with the parents and IR29. Indicating that salinity tolerance of the lines might be derived from a transgressive segregation. The relative water content of the lines was higher than Pokkali, and the dry weight of shoot and root was proportionally decreased to salinity score and salinizing concentration. The visual salinity scores were significantly correlated with shoot Na concentration, Na-K ratio, relative water content, and reduction of dry weight (P<0.01). Their tolerance was attributed to root and shoot characteristics that led to high shoot water content, thus diluting the toxic effect of salts.
Susceptibility to Calonectria ilicicola in Soybean Grown in Greenhouse and Field
Kim, K. D. ; Russin, J. S. ; Snow, J. P. ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 43, issue 4, 1998, Pages 239~244
Susceptibility of soybean cultivars to Calonectria illicicola was evaluated in a greenhouse by inoculating seedlings with mycelium in agar discs placed on the stems at the soil line. A range of responses was detected among cultivars following inoculation with a virulent isolate of C.ilicicola. Rankings of cultivars between greenhouse tests 1 and 2 were similar for disease severity and areas under the disease progress curves (AUDPC). In addition, rankings of cultivars for Final disease severity were highly correlated with AUDPC in test 1 (
=0.88, t =5.48, p<0.001), test 2 (
=0.99, t =22.10, p<0.001), and when tests were combined (
=0.89, t=5.82, p<0. 001). Final disease severity and AUDPC consistently identified Asgrow 7986, Braxton, Cajun, and Forrest as soybean cultivars least susceptible to red crown rot. In 1993 and 1994 field tests, a range in disease susceptibility was observed for tested cultivars but none was completely resistant. Soybean cultivars Braxton, Cajun, and Forrest, which were least susceptible to red crown rot in greenhouse tests, also ranked among cultivars with the lowest disease incidence and AUDPC in field tests. Comparisons .between rankings of the eight cultivars common to greenhouse and field tests showed a correlation between final disease severity from combined greenhouse tests and both final disease incidence (
=0.63, t =1.99, p<0.1) and AUDPC (
=0.60, t =1.82, p < 0.2) from the combined field tests. However, AUDPC from greenhouse tests did not correlate with either final disease incidence or AUDPC from field tests. The green-house screening method provided consistent results between greenhouse and field tests and successfully identified the least susceptible cultivars Braxton, Cajun, and Forrest.
Forage Yield and Quality of Summer Grain Legumes and Forage Grasses in Cheju Island
Kang, Young-Kil ; Cho, Nam-Ki ; Yook, Wan-Bang ; Kang, Min-Su ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 43, issue 4, 1998, Pages 245~249
Soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.), mungbean [Vigna radiata (L.) Wilcz.], cowpea [V. unguiculata (L.) Walp.], adzuki bean [V. angularis (Willd.) Ohwi & Ohashi], maize [Zea mays L.], sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench], sorghum
sudangrass [So bicolor intraspecific hybrid], and Japanese millet [Echinochloa crusgalli var. frumentacea (Link) W.F. Wight] were grown at two planting dates (18 June and 15 July) at Cheju in 1997 to select the best forage legumes adapted to Cheju Island for grass-legume forage rotation. Averaged across planting dates and cultivars, dry matter (DM), crude protein (CP), and total digestible nutrient (TDN) yields were 5,646, 1,056, and 3,637 kg/ha for soybean, 4,458, 676, and 2,661 kg/ha for mungbean, 3,289, 553, and 2,055 kg/ha for cowpea, 3,931, 674, and 2,489 kg/ha for adzuki bean, 12,695, 969, and 7,642 kg/ha for maize, 17,071, 1,260, and 8,857 kg/ha for sorghum, 16,355, 1,163, and 8,543 kg/ha for sorghum
sudangrass hybrid, and 8,288, 929, and 4,091 kg/ha for Japanese millet. Soybean was higher in CP, ether extract (EE), and TON content but was lower in nitrogen free extract content compared with the three other legumes. The legumes had much higher CP (13.7 to 21.9%), EE (2.42 to 6.23%), and TDN (58.7 to 69.9%) content but lower in crude fiber (CF) content (17.3 to 25.3%) than did the grasses tested except maize which had relatively lower CF content but higher TDN content. These results suggest that soybean could be the best forage legume for grass-legume forage rotation in the Cheju region.
Genetic Variation of a Single Pollen-derived Doubled Haploid Population in Rice
Moon, Huhn-Pal ; Kang, Kyung-Ho ; Ahn, Sang-Nag ; Choi, Seon-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 43, issue 4, 1998, Pages 250~253
Somaclonal variation was observed in the field on doubled haploid plants derived from single pollen of a rice cultivar "Hwaseongbyeo". The variations of seven quantitative traits including plant height and one qualitative trait (pubescence) in 436 lines (
generation) were analyzed. The number of lines which fell beyond the boundaries of the 95% confidence intervals of the check variety, Hwaseongbyeo was checked for each quantitative trait, and of those fertility showed the highest variation frequency (85.6%), followed by plant height (77.5%), flag leaf length (66.5%), grains per panicle (42.2%), days to heading (34.5%), panicle length (30.7%) and panicles per hill (22.7%). And the variations of quantitative traits except days to flowering appeared to move in the negative direction compared to "Hwaseongbyeo". Variability within lines was also observed for quantitative and qualitative traits. Twenty-nine
lines (7%) segregated for pubescence and 130
lines (30%) showed variation with regard to fertility. This suggests that mutations usually occur before diploidization. Twenty-nine
lines representing a wide spectrum of variation were chosen for RAPD analysis. The number of lines showing DNA polymorphism compared to Hwaseongbyeo ranged 0 from to 10 according to the primer used and this seems to indicate that specific loci have highly mutable genomic site.utable genomic site.
Occurrence and Distribution of Weedy Rice in Kyonggi Region
Cho, Young-Cheol ; Park, Jung-Soo ; Park, Kyeong-Yeol ; Kim, Hee-Dong ; Rho, Young-Deok ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 43, issue 4, 1998, Pages 254~258
Distribution and occurrence of weedy rice in Kyonggi region were surveyed in 1996. Weedy rice was observed in 1368 fields (54.9%) of total 2490 fields. Almost two thirds of paddy fields in northern mountainous region were contaminated by weedy rice and more severe contamination, three forths of paddy fields, was observed in suburban regions. In those regions, occurrence of weedy rice was greater than those in north-eastern inland and south-western plain regions. The occurrence of weedy rice was higher in water seeding cultivation (66.7%) than other cultivation methods. The number of weedy rice per 10a was 756.7 plants in direct seeding on dry paddy and 379.4 plants in water seeding. The occurrence of weedy rice was higher in fields planted by farmer's seeds than that of paddy fields cultivated by certified seeds, and the longer the farmer's seeds being used, the more weedy rice occurred in paddy field.
Genetic Variation of High Molecular Weight Glutenin (HMW-Glu) Subunit in Korean Wheat
Hong, Byung-Hee ; Park, Chul-Soo ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 43, issue 4, 1998, Pages 259~263
High molecular weight glutenin (HMW-Glu) subunit compositions of 73 Korean wheat cultivars and experimental lines were evaluated by using one dimensional sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. This method is suitable for obtaining a good resolution of 1Dx2 and 1Ax2
without adverse effects on separation of other HMW-Glu subunits. Korean wheats examined in this study could be divided into 15 different groups on the basis of HMW-Glu subunit compositions. From the wheat lines tested, it was identified that there were three alleles at the Glu-Al, five at the Glu-Bl and three at the Glu-D1 loci. The null allele of the Glu-Al was occurred in high frequency (79.4%), while low frequencies for 1Ax1 (12.3%) and 1Ax2
(8.2%) were found. High frequency (75.3%) of the subunit pairs of 1Bx7+1By8 at the Glu-Bl loci compared with other subunits was found. The frequencies of subunits 1Dx2. 2+1Dy12 and 1Dx2+1Dy12 from the Glu-D1 loci were 54. 8% and 37.0%, respectively. However, a few Korean wheat lines (8.2%) carried 1Dx5 + 1Dy10 subunit pair which are responsible for good breadmaking quality. The information of HMW-Glu subunit compositions provide a useful tool to characterize wheat lines, and can be directly used in selection of breeding lines of different end-use properties.
Effect of Tillage and Seeding Methods on Percolation and Irrigation Requirement in Rice Paddy Condition
Chae, Je-Cheon ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 43, issue 4, 1998, Pages 264~268
The experiment was conducted to clarify irrigation requirement and percolation rate in rice paddy. The four rice cultural system of no-tin, till, transplanting, and direct seeding condition were treated in the lysimeter filled with sandy loam soil. The amounts of irrigation and soil percolation were measured daily, and irrigation requirement was estimated. The daily percolation was 19.5 l/
in no-till direct seeding on flooded paddy surface, 17.4 l/
in both of till-direct seeding on flooded surface and no-till transplanting, and 15.2 l/
in transplanting plot. This is equivalent to 19.5, 17.4, and 15.2 mm per day, respectively. Highest irrigation requirement was 3,770 l/
in no-till direct seeding plots. Others were 3,249, 2,577, and 2,321 l/
in till-direct seeding, no-till transplanting and transplanting plot, respectively. The estimated irrigation requirement of no-till transplanting, till-direct seeding and no-till direct seeding was increased by 11, 37, and 59% compared to till-transplanting plot. Percolation rate of no-till transplanting, till direct seeding and no-till direct seeding was increased by 12%, 40%, and 66%, respectively compared to the till-transplanting plot. The percolation rate in paddy soil was increased greatly after reproductive stage of rice.
Characteristics of Seed and Plant Growth in Local Collections of Agastache rugosa
Ok, Hyun-Chung ; Chae, Young-Am ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 43, issue 4, 1998, Pages 269~272
Characteristics of seed and plant growth of the nine local collections of the medicinal plant, Agastache rugosa were evaluated. Seed size of the collection from Garyungsan was larger than the others. Seeds of Damyang collection were the smallest in size. Seeds of the collections were mostly oval shaped. There were no differences between brown and black seed coat color groups in seed width, ratio of seed length to seed width and 1,000 seed weight. Stem lengths of Garyungsan and Bongpyung collections were 99.9 and 95.6 cm, respectively, and were longer than Damyang and Jindo collections. Garyungsan collection had long leaf shape. Leaf size was the smallest for Damyang collection, but was the largest for Bongpyung collection. Inflorescence length of Mokpo collection (15.6 cm) was longer than the average over all collections (12.3 cm). Damyang collection was the shortest (10.1 cm) in inflorescence. Top dry weight of each collection from Soonchun, Bongpyung, Mokpo, Jindo, and Gurye was greater than the average over all collections (20.38 g/plant). Jinju and Damyang collections had less top dry matter than others. There was no difference in the growth traits examined between brown and black seed coat groups. The brown seed group was greater in leaf weight than the black seed group. However, these two groups were not different in stem and inflorescence weight. Collections of A. rugosa from Bongpyung, Soonchun, and Mokpo were promising for commercial cultivation because of their great top dry weight, especially in leaf and inflorescence.
Carbohydrate Concentration and Composition in Source and Sink Tissues of Two Tall Fescue Genotypes
Song, Beom-Heon ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 43, issue 4, 1998, Pages 273~278
Carbohydrate metabolism and partitioning are dependent on relationships between sources and sinks which can be affected by rates of photosynthesis and respiration. Fructan, the major form of stored carbohydrate in tall fescue (festuca arundineacea Schreb.), changes in concentration during growth and in response to the environment. Objectives of this study were i) to examine the content and the composition of carbohydrates in five tissues (mature leaf blade, immature leaf blade, leaf elongation zone, terminal meristem, and root tips) of two tall fescue genotypes, one with high yield per tiller (HYT) and one with low yield per tiller (LYT), and ii) to compare the reserved and utilized carbohydrates among above five different tissues, particularly between the leaf elongation zone and root tips. The established vegetative tillers of the HYT and LYT genotypes were grown in a controlled-environment growth chamber. Water-soluble carbohydrate (WSC) in the leaf elongation zone was about 22% of dry weight in the HYT and about 19% in the LYT genotype. The root tip also had high WSC, about 12% of dry weight in the HYT and 6% in the LYT genotype. Hexoses and sucrose were the major components of total WSC in all tissues except the leaf elongation zone. The growing tissues (sinks), i.e., the leaf elongation zone and root tip, had a high proportion of low degree of polymerization fructan, i.e., 3 to 8 hexose units.