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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Crop Science
Editor in Chief :
Lee, Sang Chul
Volume & Issues
Volume 45, Issue 6 - Dec 2000
Volume 45, Issue 5 - Dec 2000
Volume 45, Issue 4 - Sep 2000
Volume 45, Issue 3 - Jun 2000
Volume 45, Issue 2 - Jun 2000
Volume 45, Issue 1 - Mar 2000
Selecting the target year
Identification of Maysin and Related Flavonid Analogues in Corn Silks
Kim, Sun-Lim ; Snook, Maurice E. ; Kim, E-Hun ; Park, Cheol-Ho ;
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 45, issue 3, 2000, Pages 151~157
This study was carried out to isolate and identify the maysin and related flavonoid analogues in corn silks. Silks were covered with silk bag to prevent pollination and were sampled at 3-5 days after silking. The silks were filled with 100% MeOH and stored at
until analysis. The MeOH extracts of corn silks were filtered and concentrated at 35-4
was added on the concentrated aqueous solution to remove the chlorophyll and lipids. The Cis open column (25mm
54 cm) was washed and activated with serial treatment of 500
of 100% MeOH(twice)longrightarrow75% MeOH longrightarrow50% MeOHlongrightarrow30% MeOHlongrightarrow100%
O(2 times). The concentrated aqueous solution was applied to the
column and washed with
several times to remove the sugars and water soluble pigments. Neochlorogenic acid, chlorogenic acid and 4-caffeoylquinic acid were eluted with 10% MeOH, and rhamosyl isoorientin was eluted with 30% MeOH, but maysin was eluted with 50% MeOH from the
open column. Collected fractions were analyzed with HPLC by using revers-phase Ultras-phere
O (10% MeOH containing 0.1%
)/MeOH (100% MeOH containing 0.1% H
) linear gradient from 20% to 90% MeOH for 35 minutes, a flow rate of 1
/min and detection at 340nm. The selected fractions were concentrated and applied to the silicic acid column. Maysin was eluted with 500
of 100% ethyl acetate from the silicic acid column for the first purification, and the purity of collected fractions was about 75%, but the purity from the second purification with the Cis column (1/2
43") was greater than 95%. FAB-MS spectral data was obtained with VG7O-VSEQ VG analytical fast atom bombardment mass (UK).
C-NMR data were obtained with Bruker DPX 400 MHz NMR spectrometers (German) in DMSO-d
at 400 and 100 MHz, respectively.vely.
Schizandrin, Oil Compounds, and Their Extraction Yield in Fruits of Schizandra chinensis Baillon
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 45, issue 3, 2000, Pages 158~162
Histochemical distribution and varietal variation of schizandrin and oil compounds, and the changes of their extraction yield were investigated in fruits of collected Schizandra chinensis including Inje cultivar. In histochemical analysis on the distribution of schizandrin and oil in fruits of Inje cultivar, higher concentrations of them were found in the seed (1.01% and 27.6%, respectively) than in the epicarp and mesocarp of the whole fruit. Average contents of schizandrin in fruits and oil in seeds of collected lines were 0.84% and 27.9%, respectively. The mean composition of fatty acids in seeds oil was 3.6% of palmitic acid, 0.6% of stearic acid, 19.7% of oleic acid, 73.0% of linoleic acid, and 3.1% of linolenic acid, showing high composition(95.8%) of total unsaturated fatty acid. Oil extracted from seeds of Inje cultivar contained 4.29% of schizandrin, indicating that seed oil contained much schizandrin, a bioactive lipid-soluble compound. Compared with 80% methanol extraction in fruits and seeds, yields of schizandrin and oil were lower showing 23.8% and 17.3%, respectively in boiling water extraction of the fruits and seeds without grinding. The seeds soaked with water during four months contained 1.18% of schizandrin and 25.2% of oil, whose contents were similar to those of the seeds stored at room temperature. These results demonstrated that the seed in the whole fruit could be utilized as a source to extract its functional oil and bioactive lipid-soluble compounds like schizandrin, especially after using Schizandra fruits for the beverage manufacture.
Effects of Phosphate Application Rate on Growth, Yield and Chemical Composition of Cassia mimosoides var. nomame
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 45, issue 3, 2000, Pages 163~166
Cassia mimosoides var. nomame was grown at five phosphate rates (0, 5, 15, 25 and 35 kg/10a) at Cheju in 1998 to determine the influence of phosphate rate on growth, forage yield and quality. As phosphate rate increased from 0 to 35kg/10a, the plant growth was increased such as days to flowering, plant height, the number of branches and green leaves per plant, stem diameter and SPAD (Soil Plant Analysis Development) reading values of leaves but the number of withering leaves per plant decreased. Fresh forage yield was 3, 291kg/10a at 0 kg/10a of phosphate rate and increased 5, 200 and 5, 230 kg/10a at 25 and 35 kg/10a of phosphate level, respectively. Dry matter, crude protein and total digestible nutrients (TDN) showed the same tendency of changes as the fresh forage yield. Crude protein, crude fat, nitrogen free extract and TDN content increased but crude ash and crude fiber content decreased as the increasing of phosphate rate increased.
Changes of Potato cv, Superior Growth and Soil Properties in Highland Mounding-soil by Treatment of Zeolite
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 45, issue 3, 2000, Pages 167~170
This study was conducted to investigate the changes of potato growth and soil properties in highland mounding-soil. Experimental plot was designed with control, chemical improvement and zeolite+chemical improvement plots. Mounding-soil was low in organic matter and phosphate contents, and that soil texture was loamy sand soil. The growth and yield of potato were highest in the zeolite treatment plot. Yield of that increased by 3.7% than control plot. Increasing ratios of potato tubers decreased at 60-70 days after planting. Increasing ratio of zeolite plot was higher or than other treatment plots. After harvesting, the contents of soil organic matter increased by 12-125%, and those of phosphate were by 29-73% respectively. The manurial value of fused and superphosphate was higher than that of potassium chloride.
Flowering Habit, Pollination Patterns and Seed Setting in Astragalus membranaceus Bunge
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 45, issue 3, 2000, Pages 171~175
This study was carried out to obtain the basic informations on the flowering habit, pollination patterns and seed setting in Astragalus membranaceus. The first flowering appeared at the 20-22 node on main stem and there is the indeterminate inflorescence that the flowering progress developed toward the tip of the main stem and also toward the tips of branches. According to the flowering time, the number of peduncles were increased in early of Aug. Then, the number of bearing pods and that of seed setting were increased at that time. The length of peduncles with small flower was 6.6-7.3cm, and the number of small flowers were 13-17 per peduncles. The percentage of seed setting was 30-45% per peduncles and seeds were 4.8-5.3 per pod in peduncles. On 30 days after pollination, the pod was developed with the length about 3.8cm and the width about 8mm and the seeds were 7.3per pod. According to pollination treatment, wrapping sotted no seeds and the artificial pollination sotted seeds . about 5% in late of jul. to late of Aug. but increased about 13% of seed set after early of Sep. in A. membranaceus.
Kernel Characteristics and Germination Rate during . the Grain Filling in Super Sweet Corn
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 45, issue 3, 2000, Pages 176~180
The higher sugar and lower starch in super sweet corn may be due to modified endosperm genes sh, bt series, but its seeds have major limiting factors causing low germination and low seedling vigor, This study was conducted to determine what measurable kernel characteristics during the grain tiling period might be more useful as a guide to optimize harvest date for good seed quality in hybrid super sweet corn production. Artificial crossing in super sweet corn hybrid (Chodangok 1) was made on the same day, and ears were harvested from 18 days to 53 days after pollination at weekly intervals. Kernel weight, moisture content, hardness, endosperm rate, seedling height and storage nutrients such as sugars, protein, starch, and germination rate were measured for the kernels at each harvest. Super sweet corn hybrid, Chodangok 1 presented satisfactory germination rate above 70% when harvested on 39 to 46 days after pollination. Its storage nutrients at that time were 23.7-24.2% in starch content 5.5-5.9% in total sugars, 38.9-46.6% in kernel moisture, and 62.7-64.2% in endosperm rate. Germination rate was extremely high when harvested on 39 days after pollination. The black layer of Chodangok 1 could not be used as an indicator for seed harvest. These results suggested that optimum harvest date seems to be 39 days, and kernel moisture and starch content could be used as indications of kernel maturity in deciding when to harvest fer good seed quality in super sweet corn.
Influence of Barley fellow Mosaic Virus (BaYMV) on Agronomic Traits in Naked Barley cv, Baegdong
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 45, issue 3, 2000, Pages 181~184
This study was carried out to investigate the influence of barley yellow mosaic virus(BaYMV) on agronomic characters in naked barley. A naked barley cultivar, Beagdong was evaluated for disease systems at naturally infected field, National Honam Agricultural Experiment Station. SPAD value of the infected plants by BaYMV was low as compared to healthy plants. Heading time was delayed by 10-11 days. Dry matter weight per plant, culm length, and number of spike per plant were reduced in the infected plants by 75%, 68%, and 49%, respectively. Length of internode was reduced in the first to the sixth internode from the upper part, especially, that in the third to the fifth internode was mostly reduced by 75-80%. Also, length of awn, number of kernels, 1000-kernel weight, and kernel weight per plant of the infected plant were reduced by 17-19%, 47%, 60%, and 78%, respectively. Lightness and redness for kernel color value of Baegdong were low and high, respectively.
Effect of Seeding dates for Direct Seeding on Dry paddy on Growth and Yield of Rice Varieties in Youngnam Region
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 45, issue 3, 2000, Pages 185~189
The object of this study was to determine the optimum seeding dates of "Donganbyeo", "Daesanbyeo", Hoanbyeo", "Nonghobyeo", and "Gwnganbyeo" for direct seeding on dry paddy in Youngnam region. Dry seeds of these varieties were sown 5 times with 10-day intervals from April 20 to May 30. It took 13 to 14 days from sowing to emergence. It was shortened in the delayed seeding date, but the emerged seedlings per unit area was decreased as the seeding date was advanced before May. Heading date was delayed as seeding was delayed. Culm length, panicle length and number of spikelets per panicle was not affected by seeding date, but number of panicle per
and ripened grain ratio were high from April 30 to May 10 seeding date. Consequently, the optimum seeding date for high yield of "Donganbyeo", "Daesanbyeo", "Hoanbyeo", "Nonghobyeo", and "Gwanganbyeo" was estimated May 3, May 2, May 10, May 8, and May 1, respectively and "Gwanganbyeo" was estimated May 3, May 2, May 10, May 8, and May 1, respectivelyspectively
Effect of Planting Densities on Growth and Yield of Fresh Waxy Corn as Second Crop
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 45, issue 3, 2000, Pages 190~194
Double cropping is important for increase of farm income and rate of arable land utilization. This study was carried out to obtain information for optimum plant density of the second crop in a double cropping system. A waxy corn hybrid, Chalok #2, was sown on July 10 at the first corn cropping site. Growth characteristics and yield response of fresh waxy corn were examined under different planting densities, which were 55.5, 66.6, 83.3, and 111.1 thousands plants
. Plant height was higher under high planting density than low planting density and 154cm at the 55.5 thousand plants
, and 168cm at the 111.1 thousand plant
. It showed same trends in ear height and gravity center height. But planting density did not affect root lodging and silking date. At the silking stage, stalk and leaf dry matter weight and leaf area index (LAI) were increased significantly with increasing planting density, Filled ear lengtg was shortened significantly under the hi임est planting density (111.1 thousand plants
), while ear length and ear diameter were no differences among planting densities. The number of marketable ears increased with increasing planting density, but husked fresh ear weight was the highest at 83.3 thousand plants
and optimum planting density was estimated as about 80 thousand plants
Weedy Rice Control by No-tillage Direct Seeding on Flooded Paddy Field
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 45, issue 3, 2000, Pages 195~198
Weedy rice has typical characters such as easy shattering, dormancy, and longevity. These characters let it undergo the winter and occur year by year, It is very difficult to control weedy rice once the field have contaminated with its seeds. Therefore, the control method for weedy rice was focused on the no-tillage direct seeding in this experiment. The germination ability of seeds shattered on the soil surface in the next spring was 92.7% in weedy rice, and 4.3% in cultivated rice. The possible depth of weedy rice emergence were 1.5cm, 3.0cm and 6.8cm in no-tillage, wet seeding and dry seeding paddy field, respectively. The paddy field contaminated with weedy rice was maintained as no-tillage, and then irrigated in early spring (April 15). We could induce weedy rice on the soil to emerge with irrigation, and then kill by using non-selective herbicide, paraquat. Weedy rice was controled 92.2% of total emerged by this method. After seedling establishment of cultivated rice, molinate, thiobencarb, oxadiazon, dithiopyr, butachlor were soil-applied to suppress the emergence of weedy rice seeds buried in the soil. Oxadiazon was the most effective to repress the weedy rice among soil-applied herbicides tested. The highest control value was 96.4% as the result of combination of paraquat and oxadiazon.
Agronomic Characteristics and Chloroplast Morphology of a Pale-green Leaf Line in Rice
Huhn-Pal Moon ;
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 45, issue 3, 2000, Pages 199~202
The leaf color varies with the contents of pigments, especially chlorophylls and carotenoids. Teichung 65 (T.65), a japonica rice, with pgl(pale-green leaf) gene exhibits pale green color on the whole plant from seedling to harvest. This study conducted to evaluate the agronomic characters and examine the chloroplasts of 'pgl' plants in parents and BC
of T.65(pgl) xSuweon
. The average grain yield of pale-green-leaf individuals in F
was the same as T.65(pgl) but that of green-leaf individuals was much higher than that of Suweon 345. The contents of chlorophyll a(Ca), chlorophyll b(Cb) and total chlorophyll content(Ct) of T.65(pgl) in flag leaf were lower than those of Suweon 345, but the Ca/Cb ratio of T.65(pgl) was higher than that of Suweon 345 during from 15 days after heading (DAH) to 60 DAH. The SPAD value of T.65(pgl) in flag leaf was lower than that of Suweon 345, but that in the second and the third leaves was similar to that of Suweon 345. The SPAD value of pale-green-leaf individual group was lower than that of green individual group in upper three leaves. The structural difference of chloroplasts in flag leaf between T.65(pgl) and Suweon 345 through TEM at 20 DAH was not detected, but the number of osmium granules in chloroplast of T.65(pgl) were higher than that of Suweon 345.
Varietal Difference of Lignan Contents and Fatty Acids Composition in Korean Sesame Cultivars
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 45, issue 3, 2000, Pages 203~206
Although lignans of sesame seed, sesamolin and sesamin have been known as possessing an antioxidant activity, it is less known about their contents of the sesame cultivated in Korea. Collections of sesame cultivated in Korea were used for studies on their lignans content of the seed and fatty acids composition of the oil. The sesamin content of sesame seed with white-coat were 370.29 mg/100g seed, while that of sesame seed with black-coat were 246.58mg/100g seed. Also, the sesamolin contents of sesame seed were 202.22 mg/100g seed in white-coat cultivars and 132.68 mg/100g seed in black-coat sesames. Hence, the lignan content of white-coat sesame cultivars was significantly hi임or than that of black-coat ones. Korean sesame cultivars also showed considerably higher sesamin content than sesamolin content in seeds. The correlation between sesamin and sesamolin contents was not recognized in Korean sesame cultivars. The stearic acid of white-coat sesame was significantly higher than that of black-coat one (p＜0.05).
Investigation of floral Structure and Plant Regeneration through Anther Culture in Ginger
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 45, issue 3, 2000, Pages 207~210
We investigated the structure of floral organs and possibility of seed-set to breed a variety in ginger Zingiber officinale Rosc. Floral bud was formed from collected domestic Seosan var, and foregin Thailand var, the number of florets per bud were 8 and 10 in Seosan and Thailand var, respectively, Flowering time ranged from 18 to 25 August irregularly at 4-5 pm. The flower has the long styled with fiber hairs on top of stigma and connected-two anthers. Pollens were mixed of circular and ellips shape and its extine was two layer structure. Callus formation from anther explants was effective with compact and embryogenic on N
medium supplemented 2 mg/l of NAA(NCM). Plant regeneration was on the MS medium with BA of 1-2 mg/l from 40 days old callus after transferred callus medium.m.
Fatty Acid Composition Analysis of Major Oil Crops by One-Step Extraction/Methylation Method
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 45, issue 3, 2000, Pages 211~215
Lipid extraction preceding fatty acid methyl esters preparation for gas-liquid chromatography is time-consuming and cumbersome. We performed one-step extraction/methylation method with a mixture of methanol-heptane-benzene-DMP-H
without prior fat extraction. The simultaneous digestion and lipid transmethylation takes place at 8
in a single phase. After cooling till room temperature, two phases are formed. The upper one of the phases contains the fatty acid methyl esters ready for GLC. The fatty acid composition of major industrial crops obtained by the one step extraction/methylation method (method 1 and 2) was almost identical with the fatty acid composition of the pure fats extracted with hexane by the Soxtec instrument (method 3). Due to its simplicity, speed, and reduced organic solvent the one-step extraction/methylation method (method 1 and 2) should be useful to determine overall fatty acid composition, especially in situations where many samples have to be analyzed.
Growth and Yield of Potato as Affected by Paper, Oil-treated Paper and Urea-coated Paper Mulching in Spring Season Culture
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 45, issue 3, 2000, Pages 216~219
A field study was carried out to compare the performances of mulching with recycled paper, oil-treated paper and urea-coated paper in spring season potato culture. Soil temperature, weed occurrence, and the growth and yield of potato (cv. Sumi) were compared with unmulched control. The average soil temperatures at 5cm soil depth during the first 10 days after planting were 18.9
, under paper mulch and 20.6
, under oil-treated paper mulch, being lower 0.8
and higher 1.2
, respectively, than unmulched control. Paper mulch lowered maximum soil temperature by 4.6
, on a fine day, while oil-treated paper mulch elevated it by over 6.6
, Urea-coated paper was decomposed fester than the mulch paper without urea coating. The former was decomposed 50% by 80days after mulching, but the later only 20%. In all mulch treatments, weeds were effectively controled throughout the potato growing season. The percent emergence of potato was not different significantly among treatments. However, a little lower emergence and poor early growth were observed under oil-treated paper mulch because of higher soil temperature. Except oil-treated paper mulch, the paper mulches with and without urea coating showed no difference in growth and yield of potato from the unmulched control. The growth and yield performances were poorest under oil-treated paper mulch. Oil-treated paper mulch would result in difference growth and yield performances if potato is planted earlier than April IS in the present experiment. Further researches are needed for this aspect.