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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Crop Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Crop Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 46, Issue 6 - Dec 2001
Volume 46, Issue 5 - Dec 2001
Volume 46, Issue 4 - Sep 2001
Volume 46, Issue 3 - Jun 2001
Volume 46, Issue 2 - Jun 2001
Volume 46, Issue 1 - Mar 2001
Selecting the target year
Occurrence and Characteristics of Off-type Rice as affected by Cultural Practice
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 46, issue 6, 2001, Pages 429~433
This study was carried out to investigate the occurrence and characteristics of off-type rice plant according to agronomic conditions. The occurrence density of the off-type rice plant in farmer's paddy field was greater as the years of self-produced seed use increased, and in the direct sowing paddy field it was twice as much as in the transplanting paddy field. When the long-grain red rice and the short-grain red rice in the cultivated field of cultivar were artificially sown, in the direct sowing on a flooded paddy surface culture rather than in the machine transplanting culture the off-type rice plant occurred much more, the culm length was longer, and the number of productive culm per plant increased. These characteristics were more conspicuous in the long-grain red rice than in the short-grain red rice. In the transplanting farmer's paddy fields, the off-type rice plant that occurred outside of the hills of the cultivar rice ranged 0 to 6%. Whereas in was 70.6 to 91.9% when the long-grain red rice and short-grain red rice were artificially sown. Therefore, it was assumed that most of the off-type rice plants occurred in the farmer's paddy fields was caused by seed contamination.
Effect of Planting Date on Growth and Grain Yield of Vegetable Perilla
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 46, issue 6, 2001, Pages 434~438
Two late-maturing perilla cultivars for vegetables, ‘Ipdlkkae 1’ and ‘Manbaekdlkkae’, were planted on 15 May, 30 May, 15 June, 30 June, and 15 July in 2000 to determine the optimum planting date for seed production in Jeju Island. Significant interaction between cultivar and planting date was observed for number of days from planting to maturity. There were significant differences between two cultivars for days to flowering. Ipdlkkae 1 flowered two days earlier but matured one day later than Manbaekdlkkae. As planting was delayed from 15 May to 15 July, when averaged across two cultivars, days to flowering and maturity decreased from 137 to 77 days and 179 to 121 days, respectively. As planting was delayed, stem length, number of branches per plant and number of node on the main stem decreased from 150 to 81 cm, 17.0 to 7.3, and 16.9 to 10.3, respectively. Number of clusters per plant decreased 65.6 to 50.7 with delayed planting but number of capsules per cluster was not significantly affected by planting date. With delayed planting, 1,000-grain weight increased 3.2 to 3.9 g, but grain yield decreased from 1,820 to 1,338 kg/㏊. However, there was no significant difference for grain yield between 15 and 30 May plantings. The results of this study suggest that the optimum planting date for seed production of late maturing vegetable perilla may be from early May to late May in Jeju Island.
Effect of Seeding Date on Forage Yield and Chemical Composition of Kenaf in Jeju
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 46, issue 6, 2001, Pages 439~442
This study has been conducted from April 25, 1999 to June 25, 1999 in Jeju Province in order to determine the influence of seeding date on growth, yield and chemical composition of Kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus L.) Delaying the seeding date from April 25 to June 25 decreased the plant height of Kenaf from 278.5 cm to 205.7 cm. As for the number of leaves, number of withering leaves, number of branches, and stem diameter decreased as the seeding date was delayed. As the seeding date was delayed, fresh forage yield decreased from 98.5MT/㏊ to 45.9MT/㏊, dry matter yield from 20.7MT/㏊ to 8.2MT/㏊, crude protein (CP) yield from 2.9MT/ha to 1.3MT/ha and total digestible nutrients (TDN) yield form 1l.6MT/㏊ to 5MT/㏊. However, both leaf yield and stem yield were nearly the same tendency. Delaying the seeding date from April 25 to June 25 increased crude protein contents of leaves from 21.5％ to 24.4％, crude fat contents from 5.2％ to 6.1％, nitrogen free extract (NFE) contents form 39.9％ to 41.2％ and TDN contents from 64.3％ to 69.7％. However, delaying seeding date decreased crude fiber contents from 20.8％ to 17.5％, and crude ash contents from 7.9％ to 7.0％. Based on the these findings, optimum seeding date for forage production of Kenaf seems to be about 25 April in atmospheric phenomena and volcanic ash soils of Jeju island.
Gametophyte formation and Microspore Germination in Astragalus membranaceus Bunge
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 46, issue 6, 2001, Pages 443~448
This study was carried out to obtain the basic informations on the characteristics of gametophytes formation and microspore germination in Astragalus membranaceus Bunge. Pollen mother cells passed through meiosis when the flower bud length reaches around 3.5 mm, thus creating the tetrad when it is 4.0 mm long. Pollen attains full growth when the bud is about 10.0 mm long and the anther is found to dehisce when the length of tate bud reach around 12.0 mm. Embryo sac develops at a similar speed as pollen did and it attains its full growth when the bud is about 10-12 mm long. After being stored at 4
, the pollen maintained its germination ability to almost full extent by the 30th day after store. However, the germination rate at room temperature (23~28
) decreased below 3％ by the 3rd day of storage and so did the germination speed.
Determination and Isolation of leaf Isoflavone in Hyacinth Bean
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 46, issue 6, 2001, Pages 449~452
Legume seed isoflavones may have a variety of desirable physiological effect on the human health including both the circulatory and skeletal systems. The present study was performed to determine the isoflavone content of leaf and seed as well as to purify and identify the types of isoflavone from leaf extract of hyacinth bean (Lablab purpureus (L.) Sweet). Reverse phase HPLC revealed six different types of isoflavone such as daidzin, genistin, daidzein, genistein, 6"-o-acetyl genistin and 6"-o-acetyl daidzin in aqueous methanol extract from seeds and leaves of the hyacinth bean. Relatively, leaf isoflavone content of hyacinth bean was greater than seed isoflavone content. Using DiAion HP-20 silica gel and sephadex LH-20 chromatography, pure daidzein was identified in the ether layer, whereas genistin was in the EtOAC fraction.
Environment Interaction of Rice Yield in Multi-location Trials
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 46, issue 6, 2001, Pages 453~458
The Rural Development Administration (RDA) of Korea now operates a system called Rice Variety Selection Tests (RVST), which are now being implemented in eight Agricultural Research and Extension Services located in eight province RVST's objective is to provide accurate yield estimates and to select well-adapted varieties to each province. Systematic evaluation of entries included in RVST is a highly important task to select the best-adapted varieties to specific location and to observe the performance of entries across a wide range of test sites within a region. The rice yield data in RVST for ordinary transplanting in Kangwon province during 1997-2000 were analyzed. The experiments were carried out in three replications of a random complete block design with eleven entries across five locations. Additive Main effects and Multiplicative Interaction (AMMI) model was employed to examine the interaction between genotype and environment (G
E) in the biplot form. It was found that genotype variability was as high as 66％, followed by G
E interaction variability, 21％, and variability by environment, 13％. G
E interaction was partitioned into two significant (P＜0.05) principal components. Pattern analysis was used for interpretation on G
E interaction and adaptibility. Major determinants among the meteorological factors on G
E matrix were canopy minimum temperature, minimum relative humidity, sunshine hours, precipitation and mean cloud amount. Odaebyeo, Obongbyeo and Jinbubyeo were relatively stable varieties in all the regions. Furthermore, the most adapted varieties in each region, in terms of productivity, were evaluated.
Changes of Rice Yield and Soil Physicochemical Properties in Long-term Dry Seeded Rice-Barley Double Cropping
Huhn-Pal Moon ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 46, issue 6, 2001, Pages 459~463
Changes of rice yield and soil physicochemical properties of the dry-seeded rice-barley double cropping system were investigated for 10 years from 1990 to 1999. Generally, seedling stand was more unstable in the rice-barley cropping system regardless of barley straw addition or removal than in the rice single cultivation as indicated by higher standard deviation of seedling stand across year. Rice yield in rice-barley double cropping cultivation was increased due to barley straw application starting from the second year, recording 2 to 19％ increase (average of 9％ for 10 years) due to higher spikelet number. Protein content and Mg/K equivalent ratio were similiar among the barley straw applied field, rice single crop and barley straw removed plots. Also, amylose content was not significantly different among cropping patterns. Physicochemical properties of soil was improved by applying the barley straw; soil porosity was higher and content of organic matter and cation exchange capacity of Ca increased but those of Mg and K did not differ.
In vitro Propagation using Shoot Tip Culture in Gold Tree[Dendropanax morbifera
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 46, issue 6, 2001, Pages 464~467
In order to establish a in vitro propagation system for gold tree[Dendropanax morbifera
], the effects of auxins and cytokinins on shoot multiplication and rooting were investigated. Germination rate was the best in MS medium. The fresh weight and number of shoot were the best on the medium containing 0.1 or 1.0 mg/l BAP and 0.5 or 1.0 mg/l NAA. Shoots were successfully rooted in MS medium with 1.0 mg/l NAA. Roots were easily formed by the addition of auxins, especially 0.1 or 1.0 mg/l BAP.P.
Growth and Yield of Barley as affected by Accumulated Temperature
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 46, issue 6, 2001, Pages 468~472
In order to know the relationship between the accumulated temperature distribution and barley growth characteristics, average, early and late heading years were analyzed. Among 24 year's crop situation test 1976, 1979, 1989, 1990, 1998 were sorted to early heading years and 1977, 1980, 1984, 1996 to late heading years. About
of accumulated temperature from October to December was enough to get average year's heading date in barley. While 62
of accumulated temperature were not enough for average heading, 67
of accumulated temperature accelerated barley heading. 78
of accumulated temperature from October to February, were enough to get average year's heading date in barley. while
of accumulated temperature were not enough to, 78
of accumulated temperature accelerated barley heading. Temperature pattern types in early heading years were distinguished by three types : high temperature type before winter(I), high temperature type in winter-regrowth stage(II), high temperature type in tillering stage(III). On the other hands, temperature pattern types in late heading years were divided to two types : low temperature type in winter-regrowth stage(I), low temperature type in tillering stage(II). Barley heading was mainly influenced by temperature before winter and winter-regrowth stage. Yields of early heading years were higher than that of late heading years and yield was heavily influenced by the number of spikes per square meter.
Rice Cropping Methods for Natural Reestablishment of Chinese Milkvetch
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 46, issue 6, 2001, Pages 473~477
Chinese milkvetch (Astragalus sinicus L.) has been traditionally used as a green manure supplying mineral N and organic matters to soil. In rice-Chinese milkvetch interrelay cropping system, three rice cultivating methods (no-till direct seeding, no-till transplanting, and tillage transplanting) were evaluated for stand reestablishment without reseeding Chinese milkvetch with two cropping times (May 25 and June 4) for two years. Chinese milkvetch incorporated was decomposed rapidly in the first week. Decomposition was fast in topsoil than in subsoil. Natural milkvetch reestablishment (NMR), following harvest of no-till-direct-sown rice was good enough to cover the paddy field in both cropping times, but rice yield of this method was lower than that of transplanted rice on paddy field without milkvetch cultivation. Even though good NMR was secured in no-till rice transplanting, the shoot of milkvetch should be removed before machine-transplanting of rice seedlings. NMR was better in rice cropping at the mid-ripening stage of milkvetch (June 4) than at the late-bloom stage (May 25). Rice yield was higher in tillage transplanting at the mid-ripening stage of milkvetch (June 4) than in the other rice cropping method.
Growth and Yield Responses of Soybean under Night Illumination at Different Growth Stages
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 46, issue 6, 2001, Pages 478~482
This experiment conducted to know physiological characteristics and stress effect on different growth stage of soybean by night illumination. Soybean variety, Shinpaldalkong 2, Keumjungkong and Muhankong were treated by night illumination with 20~30 Lux (0.05~0.08W m
) for 15 days at six different growth stage, seedling, pre-floral initiation, post-floral initiation, pod filling and seed ripening stage. Night illumination delayed flowering to 2~8 days compared to control. Delay of flowering by night illumination severely effected at the pre-floral initiation stage. Stem length was increased all the night illumination treatments except the pod filling stage. Number of nodes in Shinpaldalkong 2 and Keumjungkong 1 were increased until before post-floral initiation stage but in Muhankong were increased until after post-floral initiation stage by night illumination treatments. Number of pods were decreased all the night illumination treatments except seedling stage compared with control. Yield decreased all the treatments and severe the loss rate degree showed the order of prefloral initiation, post-floral initiation, seedling and flowering stage.
Effect of Ethrel and TIBA on Yield and Yield Components of Soybean
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 46, issue 6, 2001, Pages 483~487
This study was conducted to examined the effects of TIBA and ethrel on podding rate, percentage of seed numbers per pod, and seed yield of black soybean. The black soybean variety “Geomjeongkong 1” was used. TIBA of 50, 100, and 150 ppm and ethrel of 500, 1,000, and 1,500 ppm were applied at V6 (fifth leaf stage), V8 (seventh leaf stage), and R1 (flowering stage). The podding rate was increased by the treatment of TIBA at R1 stage while it was decreased by ethrel at all growth stages. Compared with control, TIBA decreased 100 seed weight a little bit but ethrel increased it slightly, on the contrary. Both TIBA of 50 ppm and ethrel of 500 ppm increased the sued yield by 8 to 28％ compared with control regardless of growth stages of application; the highest seed yield was obtained at V6 stage of application of 50 ppm in TIBA and 500 ppm in ethrel, respectively.