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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Crop Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Crop Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 47, Issue 6 - Dec 2002
Volume 47, Issue 5 - Dec 2002
Volume 47 - Dec 2002
Volume 47, Issue 4 - Sep 2002
Volume 47, Issue 3 - Jun 2002
Volume 47, Issue 2 - Jun 2002
Volume 47, Issue 1 - Mar 2002
Selecting the target year
Genotypic and Environmental Effects on Flour Properties in Korean Winter Wheat
Hong, Byung-Hee ; Park, Chul-Soo ; Baik, Byung-Kee ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 47, issue 1, 2002, Pages 1~12
Flour characteristics of Korean winter wheat grown in Suwon in 1997 and 1998, and in Suwon and Deokso in 1998 were evaluated. Korean winter wheat cultivars were significantly influenced by years and locations in flour properties such as ash content, protein content, damaged starch content, starch swelling volume and power. Protein content was highly correlated with starch damage and alkaline water retention capacity. There were highly significant correlations between mixing time of mixograph and SDS sedimentation volume. Swelling properties of flour and starch were highly correlated with pasting properties of flour and starch, respectively. Compared to commercial flours for baking, Alchanmil, Gobunmil, Keumkangmil and Tapdongmil showed similar protein content, SOS sedimentation volume and mixograph mixing time. Eunpamil, Geurumil, Olgeurumil, Suwon 258, Suwon 261, Suwon 265, Suwon 275, Suwon 276, Suwon 277, Suwon 278 and Urimil had similar values to commercial noodle flours in SDS sedimentation volume. Alchanmil, Olgeurumil, Suwon 274, Suwon 275, Suwon 276 and Urimil showed higher swelling and pasting properties than the others. Chokwang, Olgeurumil, Suwon 277 and Urimil were similar to commercial cookie flours. Friabilin-absence lines showed higher protein content and starch damage than those of friabilin-presence lines. Absence lines of 1D
2.2 + 1Dy12 subunit in high molecular weight glutenin subunits showed higher SDS sedimentation volume and mixing time of mixograph than those of presence lines.
Evaluation of Bread Baking Quality of Korean Winter Wheat over Years and Locations
Hong, Byung-Hee ; Park, Chul-Soo ; Baik, Byung-Kee ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 47, issue 1, 2002, Pages 13~20
Bread baking parameters and relationships between bread baking properties and flour characteristics were evaluated for two years, 1997 and 1998, and at two locations, Suwon and Deokso, with Korean winter wheat cultivars and lines. Among the bread baking parameters, lightness of crumb grain showed differences between years. No significant differences were found in dough mixing time, bread loaf volume, crumb grain score or firmness. Keumkangmil, Suwon 278 and Tapdongmil showed higher bread loaf volume, good structure of crumb grain and softer crumb firmness. However, compared to commercial flours for baking, cultivar means averaged over years and locations of nineteen Korean winter wheats showed poor bread baking quality because of low protein content and unsuitable protein quality. Protein content and flour swelling volume showed better relationships with the bread baking parameters than other flour characteristics. Friabilin-absence lines showed softer crumb firmness than those of friabilin-presence lines.
Evaluation of Korean Noodle Quality of Korean Winter Wheat over Years and Locations
Hong, Byung-Hee ; Park, Chul-Soo ; Baik, Byung-Kee ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 47, issue 1, 2002, Pages 21~28
Noodle texture parameters of Korean style wet and dry noodles and relationships between noodle quality and flour characteristics were evaluated for two years, 1997 and 1998, and at two locations, Suwon and Deokso, using Korean winter wheat cultivars and lines. No significant difference for chewiness was found between cultivars over locations. Noodles made from flours from 1997 showed significantly higher chewiness than those from 1998. Chewiness of cooked noodles showed positively significant correlations with protein content and SDS sedimentation volume and negatively significant correlations with starch peak viscosity and flour swelling volume. Korean winter wheat cultivars, except for Gobunmil, Keumkangmil Tapdongmil, Suwon 265 and Suwon 280, showed chewiness of cooked noodles similar to commercial flours used for noodle making in Korea and Japan.
Shattering-related Characteristics and Germination Speed Based on Grain Type and Esterase Isozyme Zymogram in Korean Off-rype Rice
Kim, Dong-Kwan ; Jin, Il-Doo ; Kim, Yeon-Gyu ; Min, Kyung-Soo ; Jung, Byung-Gwan ; Kim, Yong-Jae ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 47, issue 1, 2002, Pages 29~35
This study was carried out to investigate the characteristics of shattering habit and germination of offtype rice plants collected in Korea which were classified into seven groups based on grain characteristics. In the long-grain red rice group, the short-grain red rice group, the long-grain normal rice group, and the long-grain waxy rice group, the tensile strength of grain and primary rachis branch was relatively low and the fiber cell of the primary rachis branch was short. Characteristics of shattering-related traits and germination in relation to grain and esterase isozyme zymogram type of off-type rice plants. In most lines of the extremely late and sterile rice group, the tensile strength of grain was low, while that of primary rachis branch was high, and the fiber cell was long. However, in the type 1 esterase isozyme zymogram(EIZ) lines among the long-grain normal rice group and the type 6 and 5+6 EIZ plants among the extremely late and sterile rice group, the tensile strength of grain was relatively higher. The long-grain waxy rice group and the type 3 EIZ lines among the long-grain red rice group, showed higher germinability than did cultivars which are known to germinate well even in low-temperature. The other off-type rice group, except for the short-grain waxy rice group and type 1 and 7 EIZ lines among the long-grain normal rice group, had higher germination speed than that of the cultivars.
Genetic Analysis of Morphological Traits of Rice Grain and Their Inter-relationships
Chang, Jae-Ki ; Yeo, Un-Sang ; Oh, Byong-Geun ; Lim, Sang-Jong ; Yang, Sae-Jun ; Kim, Soon-Chul ; Moon, Huhn-Pal ; Sohn, Jae-Keun ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 47, issue 1, 2002, Pages 36~41
Two rice varieties, 'Oochikara' with large grain and 'Hwayeongbyeo' and their progenies (F
) were tested to understand gene action of morphological traits of rice grain and their relationships. The evaluated traits were 1,000-grain weight, grain length, width, thickness, length-width ratio and chalkiness of brown rice. Correlation between grain weight and chalkiness was highly significant in the all progenies, and grain length were not associated with width and thickness in an F
population. Scaling test and jonit scaling test revealed that inheritance of grain traits were fitted to additive-dominance model without epistasis. Additive effects for the traits were much greater than the dominance effects.
Effect of Light Source on Organic Acid, Sugar, and Flavonoid Concentrations in Buckwheat
Kim, Sun-Lim ; Lee, Han-Bum ; Park, Cheol-Ho ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 47, issue 1, 2002, Pages 42~47
The major free sugars of buckwheat plants were fructose, glucose, and maltose but their contents and compositions were influenced by the different wavelength of light. Free sugar contents of Clfa 39 (Fagopyrum tataricum) were higher than those of Yangjul-maemil (Fagopyrum esculentum) regardless of the light sources. As treated with red and blue light, the free sugar contents in the leaves of buckwheat plants were slightly increased, but their contents in the stems and flowers were lower than those of natural light condition. Under the natural light condition, maltose was detected in every tissues of buckwheat plants, but as treated with blue and red light, it was not detected in the flowers of buckwheat plants. Citric, malic and acetic acid were detected as major organic acids in buckwheat plants. Red and blue lights decreased the total organic acid contents in buckwheat plants as compared with natural light condition. It was considered that blue light are less active than red light for the accumulation of organic acids. Tataric acid was detected only in the leaves of buckwheat plants, however, as treated with red and blue light, it was not detected in the leaves of Clfa 39. Flowers of Yangjul-maemil contained a considerable amount of rutin and quercitrin. Only small amount of quercitrin was detected in leaves, but it was not detected in stems. On the other hand, Clfa 39 leaves contained a considerable amount of rutin, quercetin and small amount of quercitrin, but quercitrin and quercetin were detected only in the stems of Clfa 39. Red and blue lights significantly decreased the contents of rutin, quercitrin, and quercetin in buckwheat plants as comparing with natural light condition. Rutin content in the flowers of Clfa 39 was increased under the red and blue light conditions.
Effect of Drought Stress on Carbohydrate Composition and Concentration in White Clover
Kim, Tae-Hwan ; Lee, Bok-Rye ; Jung, Woo-Jin ; Kim, Dae-Hyun ; Kim, Kil-Yong ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 47, issue 1, 2002, Pages 48~53
To investigate the changes in the composition and pool size of carbohydrates under drought stress, white clover (Triforium repens L.) were exposed to -0.04 Mpa(well-watered, control) or to -0.12 Mpa (drought-stressed) of soil water potential during 28 days. Dry weight of leaves in drought-stressed plants was remarkably decreased by 45% within 14 days and 74% within 28 days compared to those of the control. Glucose concentration in drought-stressed plants was increased, while that of control was slightly decreased or remained at same level throughout experimental period. Fructose and sucrose concentrations in leaves were not significantly changed for drought-stressed plants, but those of the control were significantly decreased on plant after 14 days. Fructose and sucrose concentrations in stolon of control plants were sharply decreased, while that of drought-stressed plants was less varied. Those concentrations in roots were generally increased in drought-stressed plants. The concentration of total soluble sugars at 28 day was 438.0 and 632.6 mg
dwt. in control and drought stressed plants, respectively. Starch concentration of stolon and roots of control plants was significantly increased to 2.0 and 1.4 times of initial level, respectively, whereas those of drought stressed plants was nearly same level or slightly decreased compared to initial level.l.
Antioxidant Activity in Rice Cultivar, Wild Rice, and Barley
Ryu, Su-Noh ; Park, Sun-Zik ; Kim, Hong-Yeol ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 47, issue 1, 2002, Pages 54~61
The antioxidant activities of methanol extracts of sixteen samples were tested using 1.1-diphenyl-2-picryl hydrazyl(DPPH) reactivity and TBARS substances assay in vitro. The methanol extracts of the rice brans from three wild rice -O. minuta, O. rufipogon, and O. barthii-were found to be the most effective in DPPH radical scavenging activity. The next effective ones were the rice brans of Heugjinjubyeo and leaves of Tapgolbori. When tested on lipid peroxidation using a lipid peroxidation generation system mediated by
in rat liver homogenates, the brans and hull of wild rice (O. minuta, O. rufipogon, and O. barthii) and rice bran of Heugjinjubyeo exhibited protective activities against lipid peroxidation in the order of effectiveness.s.
Microspore Division and Plant Regeneration from Shed Pollen Culture in Rice
Kim, Hyun-Soon ; Kang, Hyeon-Jung ; Lee, Young-Tae ; Lee, Seung-Yeob ; Nam, Jeong-Kwon ; Kim, Tae-Soo ; Rha, Eui-Shik ; Jin, Il-Doo ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 47, issue 1, 2002, Pages 62~67
An efficient system of rice microspore culture could contribute to the production of genetically modified rice. The microspores were isolated by mechanical or shed methods. The number of microspores per 100 anthers isolated at uninucleate stage was higher than (or similar to) those at binucleate stage in isolation method with pestle or spatular, but microspore divisions were not easily observed on both stages. On the other hand, pollen division in shed pollen culture was observed more frequently at uninuclear than at binuclear stage. Cold pretreatment at 1
for 10 days resulted in the best multicellular division to produce microcalli at 12.5% efficiency in shed microspores. Heat shock at 33
for one hour before or after pollen shedding enhanced cell division and callus formation. Out of twelve green regenerants, two were haploids and ten were diploids based on the chromosome analysis of root tips. The size of stoma was 12
m in haploids and 15
in diploids determined by scanning electron microscope (SEM).
Effect of Recycled Paper Mulch on Yield of Fall-grown Potato
Lee, Byun-Woo ; Cui, Ri-Xian ; Lee, Suk-Ha ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 47, issue 1, 2002, Pages 68~73
High temperature during sprout emergence period of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) is a major limitation to the yield of fall-grown potato in Korea. To explore the possibility of improving the yield of fall-grown potato through recycled paper mulching, the changes of soil environment and the growth and yield of potato cv. Daeji as affected by three mulching treatments of non-mulched control, recycled paper mulching (RPM), and black polyethylene film-mulching (BPFM) were examined over two fall seasons at Suwon, Korea. The mulching materials were a recycled mulch paper with 110 g/
and a thickness of 0.1 mm, which was manufactured from old corrugated containers for this experiment and a commercial black polyethylene film with a thickness of 0.01mm. On an average throughout the growing period, the soil temperature with RPM at the 5-cm depth was lower by 0.4-1.1
than that of the control. The maximum temperature during daytime in RPM was lowered by approximately 1 to 5
according to the weather condition during emergence period, the difference being great on a fine day. The soil temperature with BPFM was much higher than the control. The effect of the mulching treatments diminished as the canopy became developed. The mulching treatments were more advantageous than the control in the conservation of soil water. Moreover, RPM and BPFM efficiently suppressed the occurrence of weeds until the potato harvest. RPM improved the emergence significantly due to lower soil temperature, whereas BPFM showed much poorer emergence than the control. Growth after emergence and yield were significantly higher in RPM than in the control and BPFM. It was concluded that the significantly improved yield in RPM compared to that in the control was mainly due to the improvement of the sprout emergence and tuber growth accompanied by lower soil temperature and better conservation of soil water.