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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Crop Science
Editor in Chief :
Lee, Sang Chul
Volume & Issues
Volume 49, Issue 6 - Dec 2004
Volume 49, Issue 5 - Dec 2004
Volume 49, Issue spc1 - Oct 2004
Volume 49, Issue 4 - Sep 2004
Volume 49, Issue 3 - Jun 2004
Volume 49, Issue 2 - Jun 2004
Volume 49, Issue 1 - Mar 2004
Selecting the target year
Microclimate, Growth and Yield in Wheat under North-South and East-West Row Orientation
Yoon, Seong-Tak ; Jerry, Johnson ;
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 49, issue 3, 2004, Pages 155~159
This experiment was carried out to evaluate the microclimate of wheat canopy, growth and yield characteristics of wheat under north-south and east-west row orientation. The variety used in this experiment was "AG South 2000", which was developed in USA. Solar radiation, air temperature, relative humidity, and soil temperature were monitored by data logger from March to May in 2002, The ratio of light penetration to the bottom from the upper canopy was 36.8% in north-south and 21.4% in east-west row orientation. Temporal march of light penetration to the bottom from March to May decreased as wheat developed canopy structure and decreased a little from May as plant were matured. The highest light penetration to the bottom from upper canopy occurred at 13：00 in both north-south and east-west row orientations, respectively which were 36 times in north-south and 27 times in east-west row orientation, respectively. Daily maximum temperature at the bottom of canopy occurred at 14：00 with 29 times in north-south, while 19 times were obtained at 14：00 and 15：00, respectively in east-west row orientation. Relative humidity at the bottom of the canopy in east-west yow orientation showed higher than that of north-south row orientation. Occurrence of daily maximum soil temperature of north-south showed one hour later compared with east-west yow orientation. 1000 grain weight and test weight of north-south row orientation was higher than those of east-west vow orientation. Correlation coefficient between solar radiation of upper canopy and 1000 grain weight showed r=
, and between air temperature of upper canopy and number of spikes per
and 1000 grain weight showed significant positive correlation with r=
, and r=
Variation of Grain Quality and Grain Filling Rapidity Milyang 23 / Gihobyeo Recombinant Inbred Lines
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 49, issue 3, 2004, Pages 160~166
This study was carried out to get the basic informations regarding the varietal variations for the physicochemical properties such as protein content, amylose content, fatty acid content, grain quality values and color properties such as lightness value, chroma and hue for the 164 recombinant inbred lines(RILs) of Milyang 23 and Gihobyeo(M/G) at the experimental farm in the Sangji University. The principal component analysis and heritability study were conducted for this experiments. The rapidity of grain filling(RCF) for the 164 M/G RILs could be classified into four groups such as slow maturing group less than 41％, mid-slow maturing group 41∼60％, fast maturing group 61∼80％ and very fast maturing group more than 81％ based on the rapidity of grain filling rate. The slow maturing group of RGF showed a little bit higher protein content 9.1％, compared to the other RGF groups. However, the amylose content of all the RGF groups revealed the same content by the groups. The very fast maturing group of RGF showed longer grain length in brown rice compared to other RGF varietal groups, in case of grain width in brown rice showed shorter than any other groups. The alkali digestive value which was so much related to gelatinization temperature showed 3.40 degree at fast maturing group of RGF in M/G RILs. However, the very fast maturing group of RGF revealed 4.31 degree of alkali digestive value. The principal component analysis was performed by the chemical and color properties such as quality value, protein content, amylose content, alkali digestive value, fatty acid content, lightness value, chroma and hue for M/G RILs. The first principal component was able to explained upto 36％ to total informations. It was corresponded to quality value, protein content, amylose content, fatty acid content, lightness value and a-value(green -1 red). The characters regarding grain quality showed high heritable properties more than 75％ of heritability, but color characters appeared relatively lower heritability compared to grain quality.
Growth of Soybean Sprouts and Concentration of
Produced in Culture Vessel Affected by Watering Methods
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 49, issue 3, 2004, Pages 167~171
The growth of soybean sprout was greatly influenced by watering systems： Fixed watering system (water tub was loaded at ceiling upper of culture box and water was showered by bottom holes) was estimated the better than that of reciprocating watering and tub immersing watering because it could cool down the temperature in culture box and wash the organic substances on the body of sprout. The fixed watering system showed good body color and preventing effect of partial rotting of sprout because it could discharge
gas effectively in culture box and keep the concentration below 5%. The concentration of gases at the bottom (about 30 cm height from basal plate) of culture box in fourth or fifth days was L6% for
and 13-16% for
, respectively. The optimum gas concentration in culture box was considered to be over 10% for
and below 5% for
Difference in Freshness of Soybean Sprouts as Affected by
Concentration and Postharvest Storage Temperature
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 49, issue 3, 2004, Pages 172~178
When soybean sprouts aye grown in the closed condition (where the ratio of
is 7 ： 3), amount of
is increased and
is decreased with the passage of time. At the same time, the amount of ethylene is automatically increased. By increasing the concentration of ethylene gas up to 0.5-1.0 ppm in the growth room, the length of sprouts was restricted to 6-7 cm and the thickness of sprouts was increased to 2.70
0.30 mm. The production of good quality sprouts which were fat and short was possible without application of any growth regulators such as indole-3-acetic acid known to have accumulation problem in humane body. To maintain the freshness during the transportation and prevent sprouts from rotting and bad smell at market, cold storage at 2-
and airtightness which will restrict photosynthesis and respiration (higher than
) are needed. The freshness of sprouts is depended on the increase of
and the depletion of
in the package. When the sprouts were stored below 1
(preferably below 8
), the concentration of
in the package remained below 30% for more than 60 hours, which was possible to keep sprouts in freshness without any offensive odor, But sprouts were maintained at
for more than 25 hours, the concentration of
increased over 30% and produced an offensive odor. The little amount of
gas was existing for 30 hours at
but it was disappeared completely within 7 hours over
and the sprouts became rot and produced severe offensive odor.
Barley Growth and Labor-Saving Efficiency as Using Barley Seeder Synchronized with Rice Harvesting
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 49, issue 3, 2004, Pages 179~183
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of using barley seeder attached to rice harvest combine that could be used in rice harvesting and barley seeding simultaneously on the growth characteristics of barley and labor-saving efficiency. In developed seeding system, burley seeding was earlier about 5 days than in the conventional system, because of conducting rice Harvesting and barley seeding simultaneously. The germination of barley seed after seeding was protected from drought damage by the rice straw covering. Among the growth characteristics of barley using developed seeding system, the number of spikes per m
was lower than that of conventional system, but others showed longer culm length, hove kernel numbers per spike and heavier 1,000 kernel weight than those of conventional system. Developed seeding system resulted in about 57% labor-saving efficiency compared with conventional system. The cost of whole works from seeding to harvest of barley was saved about 8% compared with conventional system. A total of income increased about 16% than that of conventional system.
Agronomic Characteristics as Affected by Polyethlene Film Mulching and Sowing Date in Vegetable Perilla
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 49, issue 3, 2004, Pages 184~187
In case of a semi-forcing culture for vegetable perilla, the following research results on the effect of black polyethylene mulching, the optimum sowing season, and the seedling stand improvement method were drawn. Soil temperature was higher and the emergence was faster in a black polyethylene mulching culture than in a non-mulching culture. However, the mature was late, the main stem were larger, and the seed yield, as well as the leaf yield, was greater in a mulching culture than in a non-mulching culture. Considering growth and chilling injury, the stable sowing season of vegetable perilla was judged to be the early in January. The covering materials for improvement of the seedling stand can be a non-woven fabric and hyaline polyethylene. However, the non-woven fabric seemed to be quite suitable in view of the stability and convenience of control after the emergence of perilla
Effect of Transplanting Date on Growth and Yield of Yacon
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 49, issue 3, 2004, Pages 188~193
Fifty-day-old plug seedlings of yacon (Polymnia sonchiflolia Poeppig ＆ Endlicher) were transplanted on Mar. 23, Apr,8, Apr,23, May 8, May 23, and June 7,2002 at Jeju to evaluate the effect of transplanting date on the growth and yield of yacon in Jeju island. Delaying the transplanting until May 23 greatly decreased plant height stem height, main stem diameter and number of nodes per plant. The number of marketable tuberous roots was about 6.0 per plant with the early transplanting from March 23 to April 231 but decreased to 1.9 per plant with the latest transplanting time, June 7. The yield of marketable tuberous roots of early transplanted (March 23 to April 23) yacon was about 27 MT/ha, and was 32.4 MT/ha at April 23 transplanting, but was remarkably reduced at the three later transplantings, May 8, May 23, and June 7. Dry matter and soluble solid contents of marketable tuberous roots were 14％ and 15％, respectively, regardless of transplanting date. The weight of a marketable tuberous root ranged from 153 to 183.9 g at the first three transplantings, but gyeatly reduced with delaying transplanting until May 7. The optimum transplanting date for yacon in Jeju island seems to be from mid-April to late April considering tuberous root yields, the risk of late-spring frost, and cost of seedling raising.
Nitrogen Fertilizer Management for Improving Rice Quality under Different Salinity Conditions in Tidal Reclaimed Area
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 49, issue 3, 2004, Pages 194~198
This study was conducted to identify the appropriate nitrogen fertilizer application rate for improving rice quality in tidal reclaimed area, at the Gyehwado substation of the Honam Agricultural Research Institute during 2002-2(103. The experimental fields contained 0.1% (low salinity) and 0.3-0.4% (medium salinity) Nacl in soil solution. Plant height at panicle formation stage was tall ay heavy nitrogen level and the effect of heavy nitrogen was higher in low than in high soil salinity condition. Heading date was not affected by applied nitrogen levels from 8 to 16 kg/10a in low soil salinity condition but it was one day later in 24 kg/10a nitrogen level when compared with the standard nitrogen level,20 kg/10a. In middle soil salinity condition, the heading date was one day earlier in 8 to 16 kg/10a and similar in 24 kg/10a, when compared with 20 kg/10a nitrogen level. And also it was four days later in middle than in low soil salinity condition. In low soil salinity condition, grain number
increased but ripened grain ratio decreased as the nitrogen application increased and finally, milled rice yield was not different among heavy nitrogen application levels compared with 12 kg/10a. Head rice ratio was high and protein content was low in 12 kg/10a or lower nitrogen level. In middle soil salinity condition, grain number
increased and ripened grain ratio was not affected as the nitrogen application increased. And finally, milled rice yield increased with increasing nitrogen application levels, Head rice ratio was high and protein content was not affected by nitrogen application levels. Therefore, on the basis of milled rice yield and rice grain quality inreclaimed land, the appropriate nitrogen application level would be 12 kg/10a in low soil salinity condition and 20 kg/10a in middle soil salinity condition.
Variation in Leaf Mechanical Damage by Typhoon among Rice Cultivars： Effects on Yield and Rice Quality
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 49, issue 3, 2004, Pages 199~206
Typhoon "MAEMI", happened in September 2003, hit the great damage to Gyeongnam province area. Especially, rice plant was lodged or severe leaf damage was caused. This study was conducted to find out the extents of leaf damage among different rice cultivars, and to evaluate rice yield and eating quality due to leaf damage after typhoon. Rice cultivars torn off over half of the flag leaf length (FLL) were one medium-late maturing cultivar (Donginl), medium maturing cultivar (Yeonganbyeo), eight early maturing cultivars (Samcheonbyeo, Jounghwnbyeo, Munjangbyeo, Taebongbyeo, Odaebyeo, Samhaegbyeo, Sobaegbyeo, Sinunbongbyeo), two long-il type cultivars (Samgangbyeo, Namcheonbyeo), and three special use cultivars (Heukseonchalbyeo, Jinbuchalbyeo, Yangjobyeo). Cultivars torn off below 1/10 FLL were eight medium-late maturing cultivars (Chucheongbyeo, Daecheongbyeo, Saechu cheongbyeo, Donganbyeo, Daeyabyeo, Hwamyeongbyeo, 방eongsanbyeo, Dongjinbyeo) and two medium maturing cultivays (Donghaebyeo, Gumobyeo2). The rest cultivars were tore off by 1/10∼1/2 ELL. In yield components, the longer was flag leaf damage, the lower was ripened grain ratio, grain weight and brown/rough rice ratio, which was severly impacted to late than to ordinary season cultivation. However, rice yield did not decrease up to tearing by 1/10 ELL. Head rice ratio decreased from flag leaf tearing over 1/10 ELL in late season cultivation. The longer was flag leaf damage, the lower was eating quality, which could not show significantly different.
Tocotrienol and Tocopherol Content in Various Plant Seeds
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 49, issue 3, 2004, Pages 207~210
Vitamin E, consisting of tocotrienols (
) and tocopherols (
) is well-known nutraceutical compound for its antioxidant, anticancer and cholesterol-low-ering activity. The contents of alpha (
), beta (
), gamma (
) and delta (
) tocotrienols and tocopheyols in some Korean crop seeds were evaluated by using HPLC after saponification. Among tested crops, total 73 contents (mg/110g) were purple perilla 25.06, barley 4.50, corn 3.54, iris 3.04, adlay 2.58, safflower 0.12. Other crops including 5 soybean cultivars, kidneybean, sunflower and perilla contained no tocotrienols. Regarding
were rut observed in adlay and corn, and
were not in iris aid purple perilla, while safflower exhibited no detectable
. Total T contents (mg/100g) were high in iris (51.82), perilla (40.90), soybean (34.11), sunflower (20.88), and they all contained all
tocopterol isomers. Total Vit E contents (T ＋
, mg/100g) were iris 54.86, purple perilla 41.80, perilla 40.90, soybean 34.11, sunflower 20.88, safflower 14.73, corn 11.49, evening-primrose 10.07, barley 7.48, adlay 6.24 and kidneybean 5.27.
Quantification of Tocopherol and Tocotrienol Content in Rice Bran by Near Infrated Reflectance Spectroscopy
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 49, issue 3, 2004, Pages 211~215
Near infrared reflectance spectroscopy (NIRS) is a rapid and accurate analytical method for determining the composition of agricultural products and feeds. This study was conducted to determine tocopherol and tocotrienol contents in rice bran by using NIRS system. Total 80 rice bran samples previously analyzed by HPLC were scanned by NIRS and over 60 samples were selected for calibration and validation equation. A calibration equation calculated by MPLS(modified partial least squares) regression technique was developed and coefficient of determination for tocopheyol and tocotyienol content were 0.975 and 0.984, respectively, in calibration sets. Each calibration equation was fitted to validation set that was performed with the remaining samples not included is the calibration set, which showed high positive correlation both in tocopherol and tocotrienol content file. This results demonstrate that the developed NIRS equation can be practically used as a rapid screening method for quantification of tocopherol and tocotrienol contents in rice bran.
Effects of Aeration Temperature and Period after BA Treatment on Growth and Lateral Root Formation of Soybean Sprouts
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 49, issue 3, 2004, Pages 216~221
Treatment effect of benzyladenopurine (BA) used to block the lateral roots formed on soybean sprouts should be influenced by its applying methods. This study was done to check the effects of temperature and period from seed imbibition into 2 ppm BA solution to the first watering for sprout culture on growth and morphology of soybean sprouts. Imbibed three cultivar (cv. Pungsannamulkong, Sowonkong and Junjery) seeds for 5 houys into 2 ppm BA solution were placed under different temperatures (AT; 20, 30,
) and periods (AP; 0, 1, 2, 3, 4 hours). On the 6th day, the soybean sprouts were classified by 4 categories on the base of hypocotyl length; ＞7cm, 4 to 7cm), ＜ 4cm and non-germination to calculate their composition rates, number of lateral roots, lengths of hypocotyl and root diameters at middle and hook of hypocotyl, and fraction dry weights were measured. Germination and growth responses of the cultivars were changed by AT and AP treatments. The responses, lateral root formation and fresh weights were, however, mainly affected by the cultivars used rather than Af treatment. Rate of the sprouts which formed lateral roots was decreased with increased periods to 4 hours, but their number per sprout was not different between the treatments of longer than 3 hours. Lengths of hypocotyl and root organ and total fresh weights were the highest in an hour AP treatment although longer than 3 hour AP treatments did not showed the significant difference in the lengths. Conclusionally AP treatment was more important than Af one in seed aeration for soybean sprout culture immediately after imbibition into BA solution, and was done at least for 3 hours.
Growth and Yield Components of Korean Perilla Collections
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 49, issue 3, 2004, Pages 222~226
This study was conducted to measure the major agronomic characteristics of 85 local varieties of perilla at Chungbuk Agricultural Research and Extension Services in 2001. Perilla accessions examined were classified into three maturity groups, i.e, early, medium, and late maturity group of 19 (23％),57 (67％), and 9 (10％) accessions, respectively. The early and late maturity groups mainly consisted of collections from middle-northern area and southern area, respectively, while the medium group consisted of accessions from all over the country. Average 1,000-seed weight (TSW) was 2.7 g. TSW of the collection from Hamyang was the greatest a 3.9 g, while the TSW of Pyungchang collection was the smallest as 1.7 g, and most of collections produced medium and small seeds. Perilla accessions with greate 1,000-seed weight seemed to be belonged to the late maturity group. Seed coat colors of perilla accessions were dark brown (30％), brown (55％) and gray brown (6％), respectively, Among seed coat colors, brown color consisted of 91％. Stem height, the number of nodes, branches, flower clusters, and capsules per flower cluster, and the length of flower cluster were positively correlated occ, while these characteristics were negatively correlated with the number of capsules per flower cluster and 1,000-seed weight. These results allowed us to select 5 perilla collections, containing 1 collection with gray white seed color, and 4 collections over 2.5g 1000 seed weight, as parental lines in the breeding program.
Detection of Genetically Modified Genes from Soybean Sprout Products
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 49, issue 3, 2004, Pages 227~231
A total of 219 polymerase chain reaction tests of genetically modified (GM) DNA sequences in soybean seeds and soybean sprouts were conducted during 2000-2001. No CM gene was found in 96 tests of soybean seeds. However, either a functional CP4EPSPS gene or the 355 promoter gene was found three times in 2000 and eight times in 2001, in between 0.01 and 0.17％ of soybean spout products, in 123 tests. Since the amount of GM genes was much less than the threshold limit of 3％, none of the 11 positive soybean-sprout samples needed to be libeled GM crops. Of these, seven sprout samples were from domestic seeds and four were from seeds imported from China. To find the contamination route, the raw materials, seed surface, floor of the storage room, area around the selection machine, surface of the packaging film and corn powder used in the package were tested. The 35S promoter gene was detected in only two samples of the corn powder (0.1％). Although we could not find the cause of the GM contamination, the sprout package film is one possibility. In total,8.9％ of the soybean sprout tests were GM positive, but the amounts were much less than the threshold of 3％. This means that there are frequent false-positives and these would threaten the sprout industry if GMO were decided qualitatively. Food companies should make their safety data available to the public and make an effort to address people's concerns about GM food more openly. In addition, there is a need to establish a quantitative test for GM genes in sampled water and a sampling method for raw materials.
Effects of Medium Supplements on Seed-Derived Callus Culture and Regeneration of Orchardgrass
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 49, issue 3, 2004, Pages 232~236
In order to optimize tissue culture conditions for genetic transformation of orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata L.), the effects of culture medium supplements on tissue culture responses were investigated with mature seeds of a cultivar, 'Roughrider', as explant tissues. The optimal concentration of 2,4-D for the induction of embryogenic callus from mature seeds was 3 mg/L. Plant regeneration frequency was 36.3% when embryogenic calli were cultured on the regeneration medium supplemented with 1mg/L 2,4-D and 3mg/L BA. Addition of 1 g/L casein hydrolysate and 300 mg/L L-proline improved frequencies of embryogenic callus induction and plant regeneration up to 57.3 and 60.7%, respectively. Supplementation of the media with 10 mga
and 40 mg/L cysteine enhanced frequencies of callus induction and plant regeneration. Efficient regeneration system established in this study will be useful for molecular breeding of orchardgrass through genetic transformation.
Several Factors Affecting Transformation Efficiency of tall Fescue
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 49, issue 3, 2004, Pages 237~242
A system for the production of transgenic plants has been developed for tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb.) via Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of mature seed-derived embryogenic callus. Seed-derived calli were infected and co-cultured with Agrobacterium EHA101 carrying standard binary vector pIG121Hm encoding the hygromycin phosphotransferase (HPT), neomycin phosphotransferase II (NPTII) and intron-containing
-glucuronidase (intron-GUS) genes in the T-DNA region. The effects of several factors on transformation and the expression of the GUS gene were investigated. Inclusion of
acetosyringone (AS) in inoculation and co-culture media lead to a increase in stable transformation efficiency. Transformation efficiency was increased when embryogenic calli were co-cultured for 5 days on the co-culture medium. The highest transformation efficiency was obtained when embryogenic calli were inoculated with Agyobacterium in the presence of 0.1% Tween20 and
AS. Hygromycin resistant calli were developed into complete plants via somatic embryogenesis. GUS histochemical assay and Southern blot analysis of transgenic plants demonstrated that transgenes were successfully integrated into the genome of tall fescue.
Comparison of Grain Filling Characteristics by Source-Sink Size Control in Glutinous and Non-glutinous Near Isogenic Line of Rice
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 49, issue 3, 2004, Pages 243~250
Two cultivars which are glutinous (Hawcheongchalbyeo) and non-glutinous (Hawcheongbyeo) near isogenic line of rice, were used for this study. The objective of this experiment was to gain the basic information for increasing grain yield of waxy rice by means of source and sink size control. In both Hwacheongbyeo and Hawcheongchalbyeo, the trend of decrease in total and average spikelet weight was ranked as follows; removal of penultimate leaf＜ removal of flag leaf＜ removal of flag leaf and 3ya leaf from the top ＜ removal of flag leaf and penultimate leaf ＜ removal of flag leaf, penultimate leaf, and 3rd leaf from the top. The reduction yale of total and average spikelet weight per panicle of Hwacheongbyeo was higher than those of Hwacheongchalbyeo according to the removal of flag leaf, penultimate leaf, and 3rd leaf from the top. In both cultivars, high-density grain ratio and grain filling ratio of the primary branches were higher Hun those of the secondary branches by leaf clipping treatment. The spikelet number and total spikelet weight per pinicle in both Hwacheongbyeo and Hwacheongchalbyeo were decreased by removal of spikelets on branches compared with control, whereas average spikelet weight and grain filling ratio were increased. The increase rate of average spikelet weight of Hwacheongchalbyeo was much higher than that of Hwacheongbyeo by sink size control. High-density grain ratio by removal of spikelets on branches was higher in Hwacheongchalbyeo, but filled grain ratio was higher in Hwacheongbyeo.
Genetic Diversity of High-Quality Rice Cultivars Based on SSR Markers Linked to Blast Resistance Genes
Huhn-Pal Moon ;
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 49, issue 3, 2004, Pages 251~255
The epidemics of rice blast which occurred in south parts of Korea during the period from 1999 to 2001 and damaged several high quality rice cultivars developed using "Milyang 95" and/or "Milyang 96" as a parent. Genetic diversity of 23 rice cultivars including "Milyang 95" and it's relatives was assessed using 54 simple sequence repeats (SSR) markers reported to be linked to major blast resistance genes. Fifty-four SSR markers representing fifty-seven loci in the rice genome detected polymorphism among the 23 cultivars and revealed a total of 170 alleles with an average of 3.0 alleles per primer, The number of amplified bands ranged from 1 to 7. Several SSR markers including RM249, RM206 and OSR20 were informative for assessing the genetic diversity of relatively closed japonica rice cultivars. The 23 cultivars were classified into four groups by cluster analysis based on Nei's genetic distances, and the cultivars developed from same parents showed a tendency to cluster together that is consistant with genealogical information. High quality rice cultivars, Daesanbyeo, Donganbyeo, and Milyang 95 belonged to the same cluster, At the loci, RM254 and OSR32, all of the cultivars derived from the crosses using "Milyang 95" shared same alleles, suggesting that these japonica cultivars might carry alleles that are identical by descent. Evaluation of 23 rice cultivars against blast needs to be confirmed regarding the relationship between genotype and blast resistance.p between genotype and blast resistance.
Hordein Fingerprinting for Cultivar Discrimination in National List of Barley
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 49, issue 3, 2004, Pages 256~260
A major challenge facing those involved in the testing of new plant varieties for distinctness, uniformity and stability (DUS) is the need to compare new varieties against all those of common knowlege (reference varieties). One possible approach would be to group new (candidate) varieties and reference varieties using descriptions stored in databases prior to further of official test. testing. This study was carried out to manage a reference variety collection by databasing of hordein profiling. For this purpose, hordein subunits of the 48 National list barley (Hordeum vulgare L) cultivars were analysed. Total 22 of clear scorable hordein subunits were identified from D-subunit to B-subunit region and fifteen different hordein polypeptide patterns were obtained. Based on hordein subunit band pattern, UPGMA cluster analysis was conducted. Forty-eight cultivars were separated into three groups and genetic distance of cluster ranging from 0.55 to 1.00. Hordein subunits have a potential of selecting similar varieties compared with candidate varieties by controlling reference variety collection and playing an important complemental role in cultivar distinctness.
Survey for Technology Forecasting for Crop Production using Delphi Method
Young-Am Chae ;
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 49, issue 3, 2004, Pages 261~270
The study was designed to forecast and derive future core technologies using Delphi method in Korea agriculture. Based on the technologies, agriculture in Korea will be expected to improve as a core and strategic industry producing high value added in 21 century. Questions were given to specialists by each technology in order to survey importance, realization time, level of R&D in Korea and the leading country, leading group of R＆D, effective policy, etc. for each technology. The survey for Delphi was confined to the specialists in the area of crop production. The 44 core technologies were derived and 39 specialists answered the survey.