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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Journal of Crop Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Crop Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 51, Issue 7 - Dec 2006
Volume 51, Issue 6 - Dec 2006
Volume 51, Issue spc1 - Nov 2006
Volume 51, Issue 5 - Sep 2006
Volume 51, Issue 4 - Sep 2006
Volume 51, Issue 3 - Jun 2006
Volume 51, Issue 2 - Jun 2006
Volume 51, Issue 1 - Mar 2006
Selecting the target year
Effect of Sowing Dates on Flowering and Maturity of Sesame
Shim Kang-Bo ; Kang Churl-Whan ; Kim Dong-Whi ; Chae Yong-Am ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 51, issue 2, 2006, Pages 113~117
To identity the effect of sowing dates on flowering and maturity of sesame, some agronomic traits including days to flowering and days to maturity were investigated under five different sowing dates. Plant height, days to flowering, days to maturity, days from flowering to maturity and number of capsules per plant were showed significantly different by years, sowing dates and varieties. Interaction between sowing dates and varieties affected to days to flowering, days to maturity, days from flowering to maturity and number of capsules per plant. Plant height, days to flowering and days to maturity decreased significantly as sowing dates were delayed, but number of capsules and seed weight per plant showed highest at the sowing date of May 10. At the regression analysis of shortness degree of growth period by the response of days to flowering and days to maturity under different sowing dates, sesame varieties with earlier flowering habit were much less affected by day length rather than ones with later flowering habit.
and gradient value on the days to maturity regression graph were smaller indicating that maturity was much less sensitivity than flowering to the change of day length and temperature in the move of sowing dates. Therefore, it would be concluded that early maturity sesame varieties have higher potential adaptability to various sesame cropping systems in view of their less sensitivity to day length changes under different sowing dates.
Nitrogen Uptake and Growth of Soybean Seedlings under Flooding Stress
Won Jun-Yeon ; Ji Hee-Chung ; Cho Jin-Woong ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 51, issue 2, 2006, Pages 118~122
This experiment was carried out on plastic pots (
) filled with sand soil at greenhouse using two soybean cultivars with small seed; one was Pungsannamulkong (PSNK) recognized as a tolerant cultivar against excessive water stress and the other one was Sobaeknamulkong (SBNK) recognized as a susceptible cultivar. Seed was sown with 30 plants of 2 hills, and the amount of applied fertilizer was N; 3.0 g, P; 3.0 g, and K; 3.4 g per
with all basal fertilizations. Plants were grown under photoperiod of natural light with day temperature of
and night temperature of
. The flooding treatment was done for 3, 5, 7 and 10 days by filling pots with tap water up to 1 cm above the level of the soil surface when plants were 2 days after emerging. Nitrogen uptake by leaves of soybeans decreased significantly by the flooding after 6 days. This significant reduction of N uptake by flooding was evidently recognized from the chlorosis of leaves. The dry matter of flooded soybean seedlings significantly decreased compared to non-flooded soybean seedlings at 10 days. The dry matter of roots also showed similar result of the shoot. Shoots had more N reduction than roots under the flooding. This N reduction was more pronounce in SBNK than in PSNK. Chlorophyll content of flooded soybeans showed decreasing or non-increasing tendency, and the reduction of chlorophyll content was more in SBNK than in PSNK from the flooding stress. Nitrate content of soybean seedlings with flooding stress showed decreasing tendency in shoot and root parts. Ammonium content, however, was higher in flooding stress compared to the non-flooding. Flooding caused a remarkable change in the AA (amino acid) composition and TAA (total amino acid) concentration in the leaves of soybean seedlings.
Effects of Long-Term Application of Rice Compost on Rice Yields and Macronutrients in Paddy Soil
Park Chang-Young ; Jeon Weon-Tae ; Park Ki-Do ; Kang Ui-Gum ; Lee Jae-Seng ; Cho Young-Son ; Park Sung-Tae ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 51, issue 2, 2006, Pages 123~129
A long-term experiment was carried out to examine the effects of compost on the long-term trends and synergy effects with chemical fertilizer and saving the chemical fertilizers of paddy cropping. The experiment was conducted for the past 36 years with constant amounts of N, P, K and compost in a paddy field at Milyang, South Korea. Grain yield was significantly increased in the plots with compost application. Twenty five years after the compost treatment, grain yield was significantly increased and it reached almost 90% of NPK plots. The effect of rice straw compost on grain yield was not clear during the early cropping years about 60%, but it slightly increased there after about 95% during the late five years. In compost plots, soil organic matter content, K and
was greater in the compost applied plots than with application of recommended doses of NPK. However, soil pH was reduced in compost applied plots and Ca, and Mg were remained unchanged when compared to the application of recommended doses NPK. Soil nutrient contents were less in compost applied plots than with the application of recommended doses of NPK along with compost but was found to be increased than that of un-fertilized plots. The present study indicated that the application of rice straw compost with NPK is the best of all and followed by NPK and Compost. However, treatment of Compost is time consuming and hard working desired and eventually non economical practice in mechanized agricultural systems, even though Compost is very useful source of improving the soil fertility and its physical characteristics and also the application of inorganic N and P are essential for sustaining high yield.
Varietal Difference in Growth, Yield and Grain Quality of Rice Grown at Different Altitudinal Locations
Kwon Young-Rip ; Lee Jin-Jae ; Choi Dong-Chil ; Choi Joung-Sik ; Choi Yeong-Geun ; Yun Song-Joong ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 51, issue 2, 2006, Pages 130~136
Growth and quality of rice are affected by various factors including the location of cultivation. This study was conducted to investigate the effects of altitudinal locations on the growth and yield-related components of rice. Nineteen Japonica type varieties were grown at Iksan (altitude, 10 m), Imsil (altitude, 150 m), Jinan (altitude, 275 m) and Jangsu (altitude, 430 m) at a similar latitude in Jeonbuk province in the south western Korea. Minimum air temperature showed a strong negative correlation with altitude. The morphological traits and yield-and quality-related components were analyzed. Longer days to heading was required at higher altitudes. However, culm length, panicle length, panicle number, grain number and rice yield were reduced at higher altitudes. Protein content of brown rice increased but fatty acid content decreased at higher altitudes. Amylose content was affected by neither the altitude nor the ecotype. Palatability of polished rice tends to be improved at higher altitudes and in early-maturing ecotypes but its relationships with altitude and ecotype were not significant. Head rice ratio was lower at higher altitudes but broken rice ratio vise versa. These results indicate that growth and quality of rice are affected significantly by changes in temperatures at the locations of different altitude. Also, the characters related to yield and quality of rice often respond incompatibly to the changes in altitudes. These results could provide valuable information for the strategic planning of rice production in geographically diverse areas.
Early Growth, Carbohydrate and Phytic Acid Contents of Germinating Rice Seeds under NaCl Stress
Park So-Hyeon ; Sung Jwa-Kyung ; Lee Su-Yeon ; Park Jae-Hong ; Lee Ju-Young ; Jang Byoung-Choon ; Lee Ki-Sang ; Song Beom-Heon ; Kim Tae-Wan ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 51, issue 2, 2006, Pages 137~141
Germination characteristics and alterations in soluble sugar-starch transition and phytic acid during germination were studied in rice seeds under saline conditions. NaCl significantly reduced the speed of germination. Also, the radicle growth out of seeds was severely inhibited by the exposure to NaCl solution, thus, seeds were almost impossible to grow to seedlings. Soluble sugar was remarkably accumulated, whereas starch was decomposed stepwise during seed germination. The metabolism of soluble sugar and starch in germinating seeds showed a distinct difference. The level of phytic acid in seeds decreased in all NaCl treatments during germination, but the level was affected differently by NaCl concentration in the two varieties. Overall, our results suggest that salt stress retard the radicle growth of rice seeds, and affect the starch-to-sugar conversion and the decomposition of phytic acid differently in two varieties.
Ozone Impacts on Soluble Carbohydrates, Antioxidant Activity and Macro-element Concentrations in Rice Seedling
Sung Jwa-Kyung ; Park So-Hyeon ; Lee Su-Yeon ; Lee Ju-Young ; Jang Byoung-Choon ; Hwang Seon-Woong ; Kim Tae-Wan ; Song Beom-Heon ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 51, issue 2, 2006, Pages 142~147
The present study describes carbohydrate metabolism, macro-element utilization and antioxidant defenses in response to an ozone dose (100 ppb, 8d) in two rice varieties. Tolerant (cv. Jinpumbyeo) and sensitive (cv. Chucheongbyeo) varieties of rice were grown in growth chamber for 30 days after sowing. Concentrations of chloroplast pigments and non-structural carbohydrates as well as activity of antioxidant enzymes were determined to evaluate the resistance against ozone stress. Ozone caused the decrease in chlorophyll a and carotenoid contents, and also resulted in faster decomposition of non-structural carbohydrate in leaf blade and leaf sheath. The contents of nitrogen and potassium in leaves were visibly decreased in cv. Chucheongbyeo with an increase in ozone exposure, but not in cv. Jinpumbyeo. Enzymatic antioxidants against ROS in both varieties responded in the order of POD, SOD and CAT, and their capacity was stronger in cv. Jinpumbyeo.
-Chymotrypsin Modification on the Functional Properties of Soy Protein Isolates
Ahn Tae-Hyun ; Lee Sook-Young ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 51, issue 2, 2006, Pages 148~153
-chymotrypsin modification on degree of hydrolysis (DH), solubility, emulsifying capacity and thermal aggregation of laboratory-purified soy protein isolate (SPI) using a lipoxygenase-defected soybean (Jinpum-kong) and commercial soy protein isolate (Supro 500E) were compared. SPIs were hydrolyzed by
-chymotrypsin at pH 7.8 and
for 30 min. DHs of Supro 500E and Jinpum-kong SPI were increased by
-chymotrypsin modification, and DH of Supro 500E was higher than that of Jinpum-kong SPI. DH of
-chymotrypsin treated Jinpum-kong SPI was similar with untreated Supro 500E and DH of treated Supro 500E was the highest. Solubility, emulsifying capacity and thermal aggregation of SPIs were increased by
-chymotrypsin modification, and these changes were highly related to changes in DH. Functional properties of Supro 500E were higher than Jinpum-kong SPI in both of untreated and
-chymotrypsin treated SPIs.
Quality Characteristics of Cheese Analogs Containing Lipoxygenase-Defected Soymilk and
-Chymotrypsin Modified Soy Protein Isolate
Ahn Tae-Hyun ; Lee Sook-Young ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 51, issue 2, 2006, Pages 154~162
Cheese analogs using lipoxygenase-defected soymilk and
-chymotrypsin modified soy protein isolate (SPI) were prepared. Color, textural properties, sensory attributes and melting spreadability of cheese analogs were evaluated and compared with mozzarella cheese, and relationships between textural properties, sensory attributes and melting spreadability of cheese analogs were analyzed. Off-flavors were not mostly discriminated. Cheese analogs containing 10% SPI untreated and containing 6% and 8% SPI treated by
value of color were the most similar to mozzarella cheese. Quality characteristics and melting spreadability of cheese analogs were highly affected and improved by
-chymotrypsin modification. Sensory attributes and melting spreadability of cheese analogs containing 6% SPI treated by
-chymotrypsin were the most similar to mozzarella cheese, while in textural properties, cheese analogs containing 10% SPI were the most similar with mozzarella cheese. Hardness in sensory attributes was highly positively correlated with hardness (r>0.65), adhesiveness (r>0.56), chewiness (r>0.77) and gumminess (r>0.76) in textural properties, while it was highly negatively correlated with melting spreadability (r>-0.68).
Genotypic Variation in Flowering and Maturing Periods and Their Relations with Plant Yield and Yield Components in Soybean
Truong Ngon Trong ; Van Kyu-Jung ; Kim Moon-Young ; Lee Suk-Ha ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 51, issue 2, 2006, Pages 163~168
Improvement of crop yield can be achieved through understanding genetic variation in reproductive characters and its impact on yield components. The present study was performed to evaluate genetic diversity for reproductive growth characters in exotic germplasm resources and to determine the relationships between developmental and growth periods with yield and yield components in soybean cultivar groups. For phenotypic evaluation such as reproductive and agronomic traits, a total of 80 indigenous and exotic soybean cultivars collected from four different geographical regions (China, Japan, Korea, and Vietnam) were grown from May to November of 2003 at the Seoul National University Farm, Suwon, Korea (
latitude). Most of all the characters exhibited wide range of phenotypic variation, of which pod number, seed number, and plant yield showed greater range as compared to other characters. Korean cultivar groups showed greater diversity than the other cultivar groups in seven characters. Correlation analysis showed that days to flowering (DTF) and days to maturity (DTM) had close association with agronomic traits as well as yield and yield components. Both DTF and DTM had positive correlation with the other characters except one hundred seed weight. Stepwise multiple linear regression revealed that seed and pod number were identified as being significant for plant yield. The results in this study indicated wide variation in agronomic traits including DTF and DTM, suggesting the valuable genetic resources in a soybean breeding program.
Identification of Molecular Markers Linked to Lf2 Locus in Soybean
Kim Myung-Sik ; Park Min-Jung ; Jeong Woo-Hyeun ; Nam Ki-Chul ; Chung Jong-Il ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 51, issue 2, 2006, Pages 169~172
Leaflet number of soybean controlled by Lf2 locus is the important trait in photosynthesis and plant type. The objective of this research was to identity molecular markers linked to the lf2 locus. A total of
plants were derived from a cross between normal three-leaflet type Sinpaldalkong (Lf2Lf2) and seven-leaflet mutant type T255 (lf2lf2). All leaflet counts of parents and
individual plants were made in the field on fully expanded leaves on the main stem when terminal growth of the main stem had ceased. One-thousand 10-mer oligonucleotide RAPD primers and 664 SSR primers were used. The segregation ratios of 3 : 1 were observed in the
population and the Chi-square values strongly suggested that the seven-leaflet was controlled by a single recessive gene. A genetic map was constructed from the 15 segregating markers (9 RAPDs, 5 SSRs, 1 lf2 locus). OPAD03 and OPAI13 RAPD markers were linked to the lf2 locus that controlled seven-leaflet type at a distance of 20.5 and 23.5 cM, respectively. Molecular markers identified in this study linked with lf2 locus will be helpful to locate lf2 locus on the public soybean molecular linkage map and would be useful for tagging the lf2 locus that controls seven-leaflet trait.
Antioxidant Activity of Blackish Purple Rice
Ryu Su-Noh ; Han Sang-Jun ; Park Sun-Zik ; Kim Hong-Reol ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 51, issue 2, 2006, Pages 173~178
Anthocyanin in blackish purple rice is composed of cyanidin, peonidin, malvidin, pelargonidin and delphinidin flavylium ion and their glucosides, which shows antioxidant activity similar to a-tocoperol. It has been demonstrated that cyanidin-3-glucoside(C3G) of anthocyanin has a high-potency antioxidant activity, and is a prominent in anticancer and antithrombotic activity. In analysis of content of anthocyanin from the genetic source of blackish purple rice, the level of C3G was approximately 80% of total contents of anthocyanins, and showed the highest content in Heugjinjubyeo, of which contains an amount of 500 mg by weight of 100g brown rice in comparison that most of varieties has less than 50mg by weight of 100g brown rice. We found that C3G pigment in blackish purple rice was considerably affected by cultural season, cultivation area, ripening temperature, and weather condition, etc. as well as genetic properties. In cross combination between Heugjinjubyeo and Suwon425, intermediate parent
generation which was three times higher or more in C3G content than that of Heugjinjubyeo was bred, of which it contained an amount of 1678 mg by weight of 100g brown rice, and we called it 'C3GHi' Rice. And, we found that the C3GHi rice was more excellent than that of the existing Heugjinjubyeo in anticancer and antithrombotic activity. Methanol extract from Heugjinjubyeo was fractionated by organic solvents in order of n-hexane,
and n-BuOH, and then oryzafuran, quercetin, vanillic acid and protocatechuic acid and their structures from the n-BuOH fraction were ascertained. Oryzafuran of these compounds was a natural compound found firstly in nature. Quercetin and protocatechuic acid besides new compound oryzafuran showed excellent antioxidant ability to vitamin C. These results suggest that blackish purple rice has very high value as a source of various functional food as well as staple food.
The Importance and Multifunctions of Korean Paddy Fields
Cho Young-Son ; Lee Byeong-Jin ; Choe Zhin-Ryong ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 51, issue 2, 2006, Pages 179~185
The Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry announced in 2001 that the overall amount of paddy land set aside for rice will be cut down by 12% by 2005, decreasing from 1.08 million to 953,000 hectares. When evaluating the value of paddy rice systems, the multi-function of paddy systems in the monsoon climate is vital importance. The main functions of paddy rice systems are to conserve biodiversity and maintain sustainability. Some crucial environmental benefits of the paddy rice systems include: flood prevention, recharge of water resources, water purification, soil erosion and landslide prevention, soil purification, landscape preservation and air purification. The paddy rice systems in Korea, which are more diverse than upland crop systems, are known to be composed of 14 orders, 36 families and 134 species. The sustain ability of paddy rice production systems can never be overestimated. Rice is part of the culture and even the heart of spiritual life in the area under the monsoon climate. Therefore paddy rice systems should be preserved with the highest priority being the enhancement of the systems' multi-function. As an outlook to future research, the need of joint and interdisciplinary research projects between economists and natural scientists at inland as well as international levels were emphasized in establishing the development of counter-measure logic through actual proofed analysis.