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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Journal of Crop Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Crop Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 51, Issue 7 - Dec 2006
Volume 51, Issue 6 - Dec 2006
Volume 51, Issue spc1 - Nov 2006
Volume 51, Issue 5 - Sep 2006
Volume 51, Issue 4 - Sep 2006
Volume 51, Issue 3 - Jun 2006
Volume 51, Issue 2 - Jun 2006
Volume 51, Issue 1 - Mar 2006
Selecting the target year
Variation of Cannabinoids Content in Hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) Produced with Mixed Seeds of Drug and Non-drug Type Varieties
Moon Youn-Ho ; Song Yeon-Sang ; Jeong Byeong-Choon ; Bang Jin-Ki ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 51, issue 3, 2006, Pages 187~190
In order to produce hemp with low cannabinoids and appropriate fiber yield, seeds of the IH3 (non drug type germplasm) and local variety (drug type cultivar) were mixed to 1:1, 2:1, 3:1 on base of seed weight ratio and cultivated for seed production. In the seed yield trial, the weight of 1000 grains were around 21 g, which was increased in proportion to the ratio of IH3 seeds but seed yield were 100 kg/10a, which were not significantly different by the seeds-mixing ratio. In fiber yield trials with seeds from seed yield trial, fiber yield ranged
which was not significantly different by the seeds mixing ratio but the content of THC(
-9-tetrahydrocannabinol) was lowered in proportion to the ratio of IH3 seeds. Variation of THC and CBD (Cannabidiol) level in the 150 plant cultivated with various seed mixing ratio reflected that the percentage of drug and intermediate type were decreased but non drug type were increased in proportion to the ratio of IH3 seeds.
Effect of Priming Conditions on Enhancing Germination of Onion (Allium cepa L.) Seeds
Cho Sang-Kyun ; Seo Hong-Yul ; Oh Young-Jin ; Shim Kang-Bo ; Choi Kyeong-Gu ; Lee Sheong-Chun ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 51, issue 3, 2006, Pages 191~198
Priming of seeds in 150 mM KCI at
for 6 days was most effective in increasing germination rate and shortening germination time. Germination rate of primed seeds was increased to 96% which is about 14% higher than that of non-primed seeds. Germination temperature for better priming effects from primed onion seeds was 10 to
which is relatively lower than that of normal germination temperature of
. Drying primed seeds at
for 5 hours resulted in best priming effects.
Environmental Factor Analysis of Helminthosporium-Leaf-Spot-Disease Occurrence in Rice
Won Jong-Gun ; Seo Young-Jin ; Choi Jang-Soo ; Kim Seung-Han ; Kim Jong-Soo ; Yoon Jae-Tak ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 51, issue 3, 2006, Pages 199~203
In the late growth stage of rice plant, the growth declines even though they grow well in early growth stage. This phenomenon is called autumn declining and it often accompanies the infection of Helminthosporium leaf spot disease. This study was carried out to identify the related environmental factors and to establish the integrated control system of Helminthosporium Leaf Spot Disease in rice. The total area of infected paddy field by Helminthosporium leaf spot was 470 ha in 2000 and 1,004 ha in 2001, which occupied about 1% of the total paddy area in Gyeongbuk province, Korea. The ill-drained sandy paddy occupied 50% of the total area of infected paddy fields and followed by sandy paddy (28%). Comparing the content of soil elements between infected and normal paddy, it was clarified that the organic matter content of normal was higher than that of infected paddy and the contents of inorganic elements such as Mn, Fe, Zn and available
were also higher in normal paddy. The results of comparing the inorganic elements between infected and normal rice plants also showed the same results. The contents of inorganic elements such as MgO,
, Fe, Mn were higher in normal rice plants. Especially highly significant difference of
content on both soil and rice plants was noticeable.
Effects of Watering Method and BA Concentration on Growth and Morphological Characteristics of Mungbean Sprouts
Ryu Yeong-Seop ; Hong Dong-Oh ; Lee Chang-Woo ; Kim Hong-Young ; Kang Jin-Ho ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 51, issue 3, 2006, Pages 204~208
Utilization of synthetic benzyladenine (BA) for bean sprout production should be reduced or minimized because of elevating production cost and not ascertaining action mechanism to human body. The study was done to compare the effects of BA concentrations under different watering methods (overspraying or underwatering) on growth and morphological characteristics of mungbean sprouts. Seeds of cv. Zhong-Lu 1 were soaked for 5 hours in the solutions with different BA concentrations (0, 10, 20, 30, 40, 50 ppm) before 4 hour aeration, and then were cultured for 6 days by both watering systems. Their morphological characters, fresh and dry weights were measured. Regardless of watering methods, lateral roots were sharply dropped over 30 ppm BA concentrations, and hypocotyl, root and total lengths were shortened with increased BA concentrations although ratios of hypocotyl to root lengths and hypocotyl diameters were enlarged with their increment. Total fresh weights were increased up to 20 ppm in overspraying method but up to 30 ppm in underwatering method mainly due to increment of hypocotyl fresh weights. The sprouts were faster grown in overspraying method than in underwatering method because the former showed longer lengths of hypocotyl and root, and total fresh weights.
Change of Lipoxygenase Activity during Seed Germination in Soybean
Son Beom-Young ; Lee Yeong-Ho ; Lee Suk-Ha ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 51, issue 3, 2006, Pages 209~214
Three lipoxygenase isozymes in soybean seeds are thought to be a major contributor to lipid peroxidation and generation of free radicals which may result in seed deterioration. This study was conducted to get the basic information for changing lipoxygenase activity during seed germination in lipoxygenase-lacking soybeans. Fresh weight of soybean seedling of Jinpumkong 2 and Taekwangkong increased more rapidly than that of Jinpumkong. Hypocotyls of Jinpumkong and Jinpumkong 2 were longer and thicker than that of Taekwangkong. Type I lipoxygenase activity (pH 9.0) in cotyledon of Jinpumkong lacking lipoxygenase-2, 3 showed higher than that of Taekwangkong, and Type I lipoxygenase activity of two cultivars decreased continually. On the other hand, Type II lipoxygenase activity of Taekwangkong began to increase continually two days after germination, reached to the maximum between 4 days and 5 days, and began to decrease continually five days after germination. Type I and II lipoxygenase activity in hypocotyls was not detected in all soybean cultivars.
Change of Medicinal Components by Different Species, Plant Parts and Growth Stage of Paeonia spp.
Kim Se-Jong ; Park Jun-Hong ; Kim Kil-Ung ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 51, issue 3, 2006, Pages 215~219
This study was conducted to find to change of component by different species, plant parts and growth stage of Paeonia lactiflora Pallas Among the species of peony, the contents of compounds was higher in cultivated peony (P. lactiflora P.) as compared with wild peony (P. japonica M., P. obobata M., P. anomala L.). Amount of methyl gallate was highest in 0.45% at Euisung jakyak. Amount of compounds in peony was the highest in 1.0% at paeoniflorin, followed by methyl gallate, astragalin and kaempferol in order. Contents of compounds with different growth stage were observed highest in April, and showed decreased trend in the later growth stage. Methyl gallate was present in 1.79% at petal, 0.56% at leaf and 0.01% at root, astragalin present at 0.27% at petal, 0.20% at leaf and 0.03% at root, and paeoniflorin present at 0.43% at petal, 1.09% at leaf and 2.52% at root.
Characterization of Off-flavors from Film-Packed Soybean Sprouts
Cho Kyoung-Shim ; Kim Yong-Ho ; Lee Young-Sang ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 51, issue 3, 2006, Pages 220~226
Soybean sprout is a traditional food and its market circulation as packed in a transparent film is increasing. To characterize the off-flavor produced from film-packed soybean sprouts, harvested soybean sprouts were stored at different temperature and oxygen conditions, and time-series changes in heads pace
, ethanol (EtOH) concentrations as well as sensory off-flavor levels were measured. Lower temperature resulted in lower consumption of
, lower production of EtOH and less off-flavor. No off-flavors could be detected when atmospheric
concentration was maintained over 4%, while alcoholic-flavor and off-flavor were initiated when
decreased down to 2% and 1%, respectively. Under low
conditions alcoholic-flavor following EtOH production preceeded prior to sensory off-flavor detection. Various aldehydes and fatty acids such as nonylaldehyde, decylaldehyde and stearic acid were identified by GC/MS from film-packed sprouts producing off-flavors. In conclusion to suppress off-flavor, soybean sprouts should be packed in a film which can control
concentration over 2% and stored at low temperature around
Annual Variation of Quality in Commercial Rice Produced in Gyeongbuk
Won Jong-Gun ; Park Sang-Gu ; Ahn Duok-Jong ; Park So-Deuk ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 51, issue 3, 2006, Pages 227~232
Rice quality must certainly be considered as one of the primary preference for consumers. On aspect concerns marketing, such attributes as appearance, physicochemical characteristics, and palatability of brand rice are very important. Therefore this study was carried out to observe the quality of commercial brand rice in Gyeongbuk Province, Korea from 2002 to 2004. In seasonal changes of mean air temperature from early July to middle August, it was lower in 2003 by
than that in normal year. Among the rice quality characteristics, the cv of percentage of head rice and palatability (Toyo value) were very low but those of chalky rice and protein content were very high during three years, and the same tendency was also observed among the brands. The average percentages of head rice were 92.5% in 2002, 89.9% in 2003 and 93.3% in 2004, respectively. On the contrary, the percentages of chalky rice were higher in 2003 as 4.9% than those in 2002 (3.9%) and in 2004 (2.8%). These results were caused by the abnormal meteorological conditions in 2003. Due to the higher protein content (8.0%) in 2003, the palatability was deteriorated to 71.0. However the protein content in 2004 was reduced to 7.0% and this result improved the palatability to 77.0.
Comparison of Agronomic Characteristics, Yield and Feed Value of Different Corn Hybrids for Silage
Son Beom-Young ; Moon Hyeon-Gui ; Jung Tae-Wook ; Kim Si-Ju ; Kim Jong-Duk ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 51, issue 3, 2006, Pages 233~238
This study was conducted to evaluate growth characteristics, yield and feed value of newly bred domestic silage corn hybrids compared to foreign imported corn hybrid. Days to silking were
days and longer than that of P3394 (Control). Kwangpyeongok, Cheonganok, and Cheongsaok were resistant to lodging. Such trait of stay-green of Kwanganok, Kwangpyeongok, Cheonganok, Cheongsaok, and Suwon159 was not different from that of P3394. Duruok, Kwangpyeongok, and Suwon159 were more resistant to Bipolaris maydis (southern corn leaf blight) than P3394. All of the silage corn hybrids were resistant to Exserohilum turcicum (northern corn leaf blight) and Smut. Ear ratios to total dry matter (%) of Cheonganok was similar to P3394. Ear lengths of domestic hybrids were similar or longer than that of P3394. Dry matter yield of domestic hybrids except Suwon19 and Jangdaok were similar to that of P3394. Total digestible nutrient (TDN) yields, Duruok, Kwangpyeongok, Cheonganok, and Cheongsaok were similar to P3394, but Kwanganok, Suwon19, Jangdaok and Suwon159 were lower than P3394. Acid detergent fiber(ADF), Suwon19 was lowest among all hybrids, and all hybrids except Suwon19 had values ranging from 44.7 to 49.0%, similarly with P3394. Neutral detergent fiber (NDF) values of the hybrids were similar to that of P3394, and ranged from 68.1 to 72.8%, except for Duruok which was lowest. Relative feed values (RFV) of Duruok, Kwangpyeongok, Cheonganok, Jangdaok, and Suwon159 had values ranging from 71.0 to 75.7 and were not significantly different from P3394. ADF was significantly negatively correlated with number of days to silking, number of days to maturity, and fresh matter yield, but was significantly positively correlated with resistance to corn borer. RFV showed a significantly positive correlations with no. of days to maturity and fresh matter yield, but significantly negative correlation with resistance to European corn borer. Therefore, indices for evaluation of feed value as well as production were important to select corn hybrids for silage. It is concluded that domestic hybrids tested in this study have high feed value as well as high production similar to those of imported corn hybrid.
Diversity and Geographical Relationships by SSR Marker in Subgenus Soja Originated from Korea
Cho Yang-Hee ; Yoon Mun-Sup ; Lee Jeong-Ran ; Baek Hyung-Jin ; Kim Chang-Yung ; Kim Tae-San ; Cho Eun-Gi ; Lee Hee-Bong ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 51, issue 3, 2006, Pages 239~247
This study was carried out to investigate polymorphism, gene diversity, and geographical relationships of 81 Korean wild (Glycine soja) and 130 cultivated soybeans (G. max) using seven simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers. A total of 144 alleles were observed in 211 accessions with an average of 20.6. Each SSR loci showed 13 (Satt532) to 41 (Sat_074) multialleles. The range of alleles within the loci was wider in wild soybean than the cultivated soybeans. The average genetic diversity values were 0.88 and 0.69 in wild and cultivated soybeans, respectively. In a scatter diagram of wild and cultivated soybeans based on canonical discriminant analysis, CAN1 accounted for 84.2% while CAN2 did 8.5%. Two species were grouped into three: group I (G. max), group II (G. soja), and group III (complex of G. max and G. soja). The geographical relationships of wild soybean were distinguished into two groups: Gyeonggi for Group I, and Gyeongsang, Jeolla, Gangwon, and Chungcheong for Group II. Those of cultivated soybeans were distinguished into Gyeonggi, Gangwon, and Gyeongsang for Group I, and Jeolla and Chungcheong for Group II. Therefore, the geographical relationships of wild soybeans were well typified based on the ecosystems of the Korean peninsula.
Genetic Diversity and Relationship by SSR Markers of Korean Soybean Cultivars
Kim Seong-Hun ; Jung Jong-Wook ; Moon Jung-Kyung ; Woo Sun-Hee ; Cho Yong-Gu ; Jong Seung-Keun ; Kim Hong-Sig ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 51, issue 3, 2006, Pages 248~258
Genetic diversity of 91 Korean soybean cultivars was assessed with 20 simple sequence repeat (SSR). Twenty SSR loci generated a total of 149 alleles. The number of alleles for each SSR locus ranged from 3 to 15 with a mean of 7.5 alleles. Genetic diversity estimated by PIC value of 91 cultivars was ranged from 0.424 to 0.905 with an average of 0.711. Cluster analysis based on Nei's genetic distances classified 91 soybean cultivars except Geomjeongkong 4 into 7 groups. The majority groups were I, IV, and VI which included 26, 24, and 18 cultivars, respectively. Obvious differences in genetic diversity appeared to be related with the released periods of cultivars and utilization type of cultivars, but not with breeding sites. Cultivars released in 1970's and in 1990's showed the lowest and the highest genetic diversities with 0.576 and 0.706, respectively. Soybean cultivars for vegetable and early maturity showed the lowest genetic diversity with 0.514, while those for soy sauce and tofu showed the highest genetic diversity with 0.691. Genetic distance between soybean cultivar groups developed before 1969 and during 1970's was the nearest, while genetic distance between those developed in 1970's and 1990's was the furthest. Cultivar group for vegetable and early maturity showed the furthest genetic distance with cultivar group for soy sauce and tofu, while it showed the nearest genetic distance with cultivar group for cooking with rice. Genetic distance was greater between soybean cultivar groups developed in Suwon and Iksan than between those developed in Milyang and Iksan.
Diversity Analysis of Japonica Rice using MITE-transposon Display
Hong Seong-Mi ; Kwon Soo-Jin ; Oh Chang-Sik ; Wessler Susan R. ; Ahn Sang-Nag ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 51, issue 3, 2006, Pages 259~268
Miniature inverted transposable elements (MITEs) are abundant genomic components in plant including rice. MITE-transposon display (MITE-TD) is an Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism (AFLP)-related technique based on MITE sequence. In this study, we used the MITE-AFLP for the analysis of diversity and relation-ship of the 114 japonica accessions. Of the several MITEs, the mPing family was applied to detect polymorphisms based on PCR amplification. The BfaI adaptor primer and the specific primer derived from mPing terminal inverted repeat (TIR) region were used to PCR amplification of 114 accessions. Nine primer pairs produced a total of 160 polymorphic bands. PIC values of the polymorphic bands generated by nine primer pairs ranged from 0.269 (BfaI + ACT) to 0.426 (BfaI + T). Each accession revealed a distinct fingerprint with two primer combinations, BfaI + G and BfaI + C. Cluster analysis using marker-based genetic similarity classified 114 accessions into five groups. MITE-AFLP markers were genetically mapped using a population of 80 BILs (BC1F7) derived from a cross between the rice accessions, Milyang 23 and Hapcheonaengmi 3. Eight of the markers produced with the primer pair BfaI + 0 were mapped on chromosomes 1, 2, 4, 5, 7, and 9. Considering that one MITE-AFLP marker on chromosome 7 was tightly linked to the Rc gene, the MITE-AFLP markers will be useful for gene tagging and molecular cloning.