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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Journal of Crop Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Crop Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 51, Issue 7 - Dec 2006
Volume 51, Issue 6 - Dec 2006
Volume 51, Issue spc1 - Nov 2006
Volume 51, Issue 5 - Sep 2006
Volume 51, Issue 4 - Sep 2006
Volume 51, Issue 3 - Jun 2006
Volume 51, Issue 2 - Jun 2006
Volume 51, Issue 1 - Mar 2006
Selecting the target year
Yield Response to Nitrogen Topdress Rate at Panicle Initiation Stage under Different Growth and Nitrogen Nutrition Status of Rice Plant
Kim, Min-Ho ; Fu, Jin-Dong ; Lee, Byun-Woo ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 51, issue 7, 2006, Pages 571~583
To secure high yield and good quality of rice, plant growth and nitrogen (N) nutrition status should be taken into account for managing panicle N topdressing (PN). This research aimed at investigating the rice yield response to PN under different plant growth and N nutrition status that was conditioned by different rates of basal and tillering N fertilizer (BTN). Stepwise multiple regression (SMR) was used for the analysis of yield response to (i) BTN and PN, and (ii) shoot N content at PIS (BTNup) and shoot N uptake from PIS to harvest (PNup). Rice yield increased significantly as BTN and PN Increased, but there was no significant interaction between BTN and PN. Yield increased almost linearly with the increasing BTN and PN up to
, and with the increasing BTNup and PNup up to
, respectively. But yield increment tended to decrease above those levels. These declines resulted from the decreased ripened grain ratio and 1000 grain weight even though spikelet number per unit area increased more at above those N levels. Spikelet number per unit area had the linear relationships with the shoot N uptake until heading, and with yield. Like most yield response curves, yield response in this experiment followed the diminishing return function with BTNup, PNup, and plant N uptake from seeding to harvest. Regardless of the degree of BTNup and PNup, yield had a quadratic relationship (
>0.88) with whole shoot N accumulation until harvest, suggesting that the yield determination was closely related with the whole shoot N uptake until harvest regardless of the differences in seasonal shoot N uptake.
Changes of Yield Components and Yield by Sowing Date in Sprout-soybean Cultivar
Kim, Hag-Sin ; Kim, Hong-Sig ; Kim, Kyong-Ho ; Oh, Yeong-Jin ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 51, issue 7, 2006, Pages 584~592
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of sowing date on yield component and yield in sprout-soybean. Six sprout-soybean cultivars were planted on three sowing dates in 2000 and 2001. 100-seed weight, number of seeds per pod, number of seeds, number of pods per plant, and ratio of empty pods distinct differences between sowing dates and cultivars. All yield components except the 100-seed weight and number of seeds per pod diminished recording where the sowing day will be late. The ratio of pods with two or three seeds was 77.5 from 80.9 percents. The ratio of two-seed pods were affected by sowing date. The yield of soybean of May 25 sowing was 290 kg/10a followed by June 15 and July 5 sowing with 269 kg/10a and 221 kg/10a, respectively Late sowing greatly decreased the yield of Doremikong, while yields of Tawonkong were more a less stable. In 2000, yield showed positive correlation with number of branches, number of pods per plant, number of seeds per plant, dry weight, leaf area, and oil content. While yield of 2001 showed positive correlation with number of nodes on main stem, stem thickness, number of pods per plant, dry weight, and leaf area.
Effects of Barley Straw Application and Tillage Method on Soil Physical Property and Soybean Yield in Paddy Field
Lee, Sang-Bok ; Kim, Byong-Soo ; Kang, Jong-Gook ; Kim, Sun ; Kim, Jai-Duk ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 51, issue 7, 2006, Pages 593~598
This study was conducted to investigate the effect of tillage methods such as plowing and rotary tillage (PRT), rotary tillage (RTG), no-tillage after barley straw application (NTB), and barley straw mulching after plowing and rotary tillage (BPR) on the growth and the yield of soybean when cultivated after the cultivation of barley. The methods were compared with the control method in which plowing and rotary tillage after barley straw incineration was applied. Barley straw application resulted in increase in organic matter, total nitrogen, phosphate, and exchangeable cation regardless of tillage methods. Porosity and moisture level in paddy soil was ranked as follows : PRT > RTG > BPR > control > NTB. Decomposition rate of barley straw dramatically increased to 41.7% toward 30 days after soybean sowing, higher in NTB, DRB, and RTG than in BPR. Weed occurrence was decreased 36% in NTB and 40% in BPR. Root activity, nodulation and the dry weight per plant of soybean at flowering stage were highest in NTB and lowest in PRT. Soybean yield in NTB was 3,070 kg/ha increasing 19%, whereas that in PRT was not increased. Therefore in case of a frequent rain during the cultivation of soybean in paddy field PRT could result in excess moisture level in soil, the cultivation without tillage is desirable.
Growth and Yield Related Characteristics of Soybeans for the Estimation of Grain Yield in Upland and Drained-Paddy Field
Cho, Young-Son ; Park, Ho-Gi ; Kim, Wook-Han ; Kim, Sok-Dong ; Seo, Jong-Ho ; Shin, Jin-Chul ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 51, issue 7, 2006, Pages 599~607
The experiments were carried out to develop simulation model for estimating the yield of soybean in upland and paddy field condition. Field experiments were done at National Institute of Crop Science in 2005. The evaluated soybean cultivars were Taekwangkong, Daewonkong, and Hwangkeumkong. Soybean seeds were planted by hill seeding with 3-4 seeds and row and hill spacing were
in upland and
in paddy field. Seeds were sown on row (without making ridge) and on the top of ridge in upland and paddy field, respectively. Field parameters were measured yield components (
, pod no./plant, and 100-seed weight, seed yield and growth characteristics (stem length, leaf area at each stage, and dry weight of shoot) and after measuring they were compared the relationships with seed yield and yield components and seed yield and growth characteristics. Seed yield of soybean was affected by cultivars and planting density. Seed yield was higher in upland than paddy field due to the higher planting density in upland field. The upland soybeans generally had lower 100-seed weight than that of paddy field. Seed yield of soybean in a paddy field was greatest in Taekwangkong and followed by Daewonkong and Hwangkeumkong. The harvest index of taekwangkong and Hwanggumkong was higher in upland than paddy field, however, it was higher in paddy field than upland in Daewonkong. Seed yield was greatest in Daewonkong in both experimental fields. The greatest stem length was observed in taekwangkong and Hwanggumkong (R6) in late growth stage in paddy field. Dry weight of shoot and pod, pod number, stem length, and stem diameter were higher grown in paddy field than grown in upland. Crop growth rate (CGR) of cultivars was higher in paddy field after 8 WAS(weeks after sowing) and it was greatest at 13 WAS in Daewonkong among the cultivars. In upland field, CGR was greatest in Taekwangkong and then followed by Daewonkong and Hwanggumkong during 12 and 15 WAS. There was no significant relationships between 100-seed weight and seed yield in both experimental fields. A significant positive relationship was observed between seed number and seed yield. The correlation coefficients between leaf area and shoot dry weight were about 0.8 during the whole growth stage except 5 WAS and 4-5 WAS in paddy field and upland, respectively. This experiment was done just one year and drained paddy field condition was not satisfied drained condition successfully at 7th leaf age of soybean by the heavy rain, so we suggest that the excessive soil water reduced seed yield in paddy field and the weather condition should be considered for utilizing of these results.
Difference of Hypocotyl and Growth Characters of Soybean-sprouts by Sowing Date in Sprout-soybean Cultivar
Kim, Hag-Sin ; Kim, Kyong-Ho ; Kim, Hong-Sig ; Lee, Yeong-Ho ; Jong, Seung-Keun ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 51, issue 7, 2006, Pages 608~617
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of sowing date on soybean-sprout growth characters and for improving cultural techniques to produce high quality soybean-sprout. Six sprout-soybean cultivars were planted on three sowing dates in 2000 and 2001. The growth of hypocotyl in soybean sprouts was accelerated at higher temperature and the differences among cultivars became greater at later culture days. The longest of hypocotyl and root lengths of soybean sprouts was obtained from July 5 sowing, followed by May 25 and June 15 sowing. Doremikong and Hannamkong had the thickest and the thinness hypocotyls, respectively. Total length of soybean-sprouts was longer in seeds harvested from later sowing, respectively. Eunhakong produced the longest soybean-sprouts, while Tawonkong produced the shortest. Percentage of rotten seed and imperfectly germinated seed harvested at later sowing was lower. Somyeongkong and Tawonkong showed the highest and the lowest percentages of rotten seeds, respectively, while Pungsannamulkong and Hannamkong showed the lowest and the highest percentages of imperfectly germinated seeds. The soybean-sprouts yields were higher in seeds harvested in 2001 and later sowing. Although Eunhakong and Doremikong showed higher soybean-sprout yield, Pungsannamulkong and Somyeongkong showed stable soybean-sprout yield regardless of the sowing dates.
Color Appearances and Morphological Characteristics of Rice According to the Visual Acceptance
Song, Jin ; Chun, A-Reum ; Kim, Sun-Lim ; Kim, Deog-Su ; Son, Jong-Rok ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 51, issue 7, 2006, Pages 618~623
This study was carried out to select the acceptance test influenced by some quality characteristics of rice, and may provide the basic information on rice grade of appearance quality as distinguished the numerical values. Forty-four Japonica rice varieties mainly cultivated in Korea were evaluated for a consumer acceptance test. Color preferences of rice were highly correlated with appearance quality (r=-0.897**) and redness (r=-0.893**). Especially, appearance quality value resulted from interaction of
values was expected as a specific character used for grade of rice appearance. Shape preferences of rice showed the positive correlation with grain width (r=0.527**) and grain size (r=0.454**). Result of the consumer acceptance test of rice appearance conducted through a cluster analysis revealed five groups. Our study suggests that it may be feasible to be graded by average of quality character among groups, grain width, and grain size in Duncan's multiple range test.
Analysis of Grain Quality Properties in Korea-bred Japonica Rice Cultivars
Choi, Yong-Hwan ; Kim, Kwang-Ho ; Choi, Hae-Chun ; Hwang, Hung-Goo ; Kim, Yeon-Gyu ; Kim, Kee-Jong ; Lee, Young-Tae ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 51, issue 7, 2006, Pages 624~631
This study was conducted to make clustering analysis based on major physicochemical characteristics related to palatability of cooked rice. 89 Korea-bred japonica rice cultivars could be largely classified into two groups, that is, Dongjinbyeo and Ilpumbyeo groups. The Ilpumbyeo group was divided into two subgroups; Ilpumbyeo and Chucheongbyeo groups. The two major rice groups showed significant difference in viscogram properties of rice flour. Ilpumbyeo group revealed slightly higher estimates of viscogram traits as compared with Dongiinbyeo group in average. Early-maturing rice group showed slighly lower estimates of taste meter and higher protein content compared with medium or medium late maturing ones. Also, early and medium-maturing groups exhibited slightly higher estimates of peak, hot and breakdown viscosities but lower estimates of consistenency and setback viscosities compared with medium-late-maturing one. The rice cultivars developed in 2000's revealed slightly higher estimates of peak, hot, cool and consistency viscosities compared with those in
. The grain quality properties significantly associated with the esimates of Toyo taste meter were protein and amylose contents and hot viscosity. The lower protein content and hot viscosity and the higher amylose content, the higher estimates of the taster meter. The protein content was highly negatively correlated with amylose content of milled rice. The important quality components contributed to multiple regression formula for estimating the Toyo taster meter values were protein content, alkali digestion value, and hot viscosity. The fittness of this formula was about 49% along with the coefficients of determination.
Characteristics of Sweet and Super Sweet Corn Seeds Shelled at Different Seed Moisture and Threshing Method Conditions
Lee, Suk-Soon ; Yun, Sang-Hee ; Yang, Seung-Kyu ; Hong, Seung-Beom ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 51, issue 7, 2006, Pages 632~638
Characteristics of sweet (sugary, su) and super sweet (shrunken-2, sh2) corn seeds shelled by different threshing methods at different moisture content status were studied. Hybrid seeds of a su (Early Sunglow
Golden Cross Bantam 70, GCB 70) and a sh2 (Xtrasweet 82
Fortune) were dried to moisture content of 12, 15, 18, and 21%. Hand shelling did not give any mechanical damages to seeds, while an electrical corn thresher gave some visible mechanical damages. The emergence rate of hand shelled seeds was higher than that of machine shelled seeds by
for a su and by
for a sh2 hybrid depending on seed moisture contents in cold test. The optimum seed moisture content to reduce mechanical threshing damages and to improve seed quality was 15% for su and 12% for sh2 hybrid seeds. At the optimum seed moisture contents, germination rate at
, emergence rate in the cold test and
activity were highest, while the percentage of damaged seeds and leakage of total sugars and electrolytes in soaking water were minimized.
Differences in Physicochemical Characteristics between Head and Incomplete Rice Grains
Kwak, Young-Min ; Yoon, Mi-Ra ; Sohn, Jae-Keun ; Kang, Mi-Young ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 51, issue 7, 2006, Pages 639~644
This study was performed to compare the differences in physicochemical characteristics between head and incomplete kernels separated from Ilpumbyeo, Korean rice cultivar. The contents of mineral and protein were higher in incomplete than head kernels. There was significant difference in composition of fatty acid and amino acids, which affect the taste, between two kernels. The gelatinized head kernel had the higher viscosity than incomplete kernel. The content and chain length of amylose were higher in head than incomplete kernels. Differential scanning calorimeter results revealed that head kernel had lower starting temperature, higher maximum temperature, and higher enthalpy for gelatinization than incomplete kernel. Also we could found that the hydrolysis rate by glucoamylase was higher in the head kernel than incomplete kernel.
Grain Quality of Commercial Brand Rice Produced in Kyungpook Province
Kwak, Young-Min ; Kim, Chae-Eun ; Sohn, Jae-Keun ; Kang, Mi-Young ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 51, issue 7, 2006, Pages 645~651
This study was performed to examine the relationship between quality characteristics and palatability on 21 varieties of commercial brand rice in North Kyeong-sang Province, Korea. The average percentages of translucent kernels, an important factor in rice quality, were the higher in the Ilpumbyeo cultivar than other six rice cultivars including Mihyangbyeo, Ilbanbyeo, Chuchungbyeo, Saechuchungbyeo, Hidomebore, and Nampyeongbyeo. The mean contents of amylose among commercial brand rice were not significantly different. The protein content was inversely associated with palatability (Toyo value). The sensory evaluation showed that clumpiness was positively correlated with the moisture content. The preference in color of cooked rice was increased as the percentage of translucent kernels increased. The roasted nutty flavor was highly correlated with the cooked rice with high protein content, while the chewiness was associated with high moisture and low amylose content.
Genetic Variance and Combining Ability of Shattering and Growth Characters by Diallel Crosses of Sesame
Kim, Dong-Hwi ; Kang, Chul-Whan ; Shim, Kang-Bo ; Park, Chang-Hwan ; Lee, Sung-Woo ; Seong, Nak-Sul ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 51, issue 7, 2006, Pages 652~657
Combining ability and heterosis for
half diallel cross in sesame were estimated for six quantitative characters. The parental varieties used for diallel cross were Yangbaek and Ansan of normal type, Suwon 177 and 195 of placenta adhesion type (PA) and SIG960320-5-1-1 of indehiscent type (ID). PA and ID type are shattering-resistant sesames and Yangbaek and Ansan are shattering sesames. The high heterosis of
hybrids was expressed in the number of capsules per plant (NC), grain yield per plant (GY) and number of branches per plant (NB). Shattering.ate (SR) showed high positive heterosis toward increase of seeds shattering in all the combination of
generation which was presumed because the characters connected with shattering resistance of seeds were governed by recessive gene. At the analysis of combining ability, highly significant general combining ability (GCA) effects were observed on all the characters in
generation, significant specific combining ability (SCA) effects were observed on the NC, GY and SR. GCA variances were greater than SCA variance, which suggested that additive gene effects were greater than other nonadditive gene effects. Considering the estimated GCA effects, Suwon 195 (PA type) was found to be good parent for SR and GY, SIG960320-5-1-1 (ID type) was poor for GY and plant height. SCA effect for NC was great in Yangbaek/Suwon 195, SCA for GY was great in Ansan/SIG960320-5-1-1, and SCA for decrease of SR was great in Ansan/Suwon177.
Discrimination of Korean Soybean Cultivars by SSR Markers
Kim, Seong-Hun ; Chung, Jong-Wook ; Moon, Jung-Kyung ; Woo, Seon-Hee ; Cho, Yong-Gu ; Jong, Seung-Keun ; Kim, Hong-Sig ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 51, issue 7, 2006, Pages 658~668
The objective of this study was to develop a technique for the cultivar discrimination using SSR markers in soybean. A total of 91 soybean cultivars developed from 1913 to 2002 in Korea were evaluated by five polymorphic SSR markers (Sat_043, Sat_036, Sat_022, Sat_088 and Satt045). Five SSR markers generated a total of 64 alleles and the number of alleles for each SSR marker ranged from 10 to 15 with average of 12.8. Polymorphic information contents (PIC) by five markers of 91 cultivars were ranged from 0.790 to 0.905 with average of 0.857. A total of 82 cultivars (90%) among 91 soybean cultivars could be individually discriminated by combination of five SSR markers through five step analysis. A cultivar, Buseok, by Sat_043 at the first step, 34 cultivars including Hojangkong by Sat_036 at the second step, 29 cultivars including Dankyeongkong by Sat_022 at the third step, 12 cultivars including Sinpaldalkong 2 by Sat_088 at the fourth step, and 6 cultivars including Saebyeolkong by Satt045 at the fifth step were discriminated. Soybean cultivars which were not discriminated by SSR markers could be discriminated by morphological characteristics.