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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Crop Science
Editor in Chief :
Lee, Sang Chul
Volume & Issues
Volume 53, Issue spc - Dec 2008
Volume 53, Issue 4 - Dec 2008
Volume 53, Issue 3 - Sep 2008
Volume 53, Issue 2 - Jun 2008
Volume 53, Issue 1 - Mar 2008
Selecting the target year
Nitrogen Management for Infant Rice Seedlings with Extended Nursery Duration by Delayed Transplanting
Han, Hee-Suk ; Yang, Woon-Ho ; Park, Jeong-Hwa ; Yoon, Young-Hwan ; Kim, Je-Kyu ; Yang, Won-Ha ; Park, Jong-Wook ;
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 53, issue 3, 2008, Pages 239~243
This experiment was carried out to elucidate the appropriate split application method of nitrogen fertilizer in infant rice seedlings which show poor seedling growth resulted from extended seedling nursery duration more than 12 days. The 16 day-old infant rice seedling (DOIRS) showed poor seedling growth than 8 day-old seedling. Early growth of transplanted 16 DOIRS was poor, compared with that of transplanted 8 DOIRS. However, the poor plant growth estimated by plant height, tiller number, and the number of newly developed roots was compensated by 70-0-30% (basaltillering-panicle initiation) of nitrogen split application. In 70-0-30% plots among split nitrogen application methods, tiller number, biomass, and leaf area at heading stage of rice showed the highest values. Sixteen DOIRS plots showed lower grain filling and 1000-grain weight, resulted in lower yield of rice than 8 DOIRS plots in the same nitrogen split application. However the lower yield in 16 DOIRS plots was recovered by 70-0-30% of nitrogen split application method to a similar level in 8 DOIRS plots in which nitrogen was split applied by 40-30-30%.
Non-Destructive Prediction of Head Rice Ratios using NIR Spectra of Hulled Rice
Kwon, Young-Rip ; Cho, Seung-Hyun ; Lee, Jae-Heung ; Seo, Kyoung-Won ; Choi, Dong-Chil ;
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 53, issue 3, 2008, Pages 244~250
The purpose of this study was to measure fundamental data required for the prediction of milling ratios, and to develop regression models to predict the head rice ratio of milled rice using NIR spectra of hulled rice. A total of 81 rice samples used in this study were collected from Jeongeup, Jeonbuk province in 2006. NIR spectra were measured using one mode of measurement, reflection. The reflectance spectra were measured in the wavelength region of 400-2500 nm with an NIR spectrophotometer "NIRSystems 6500" (Foss, Silverspring, USA). Calibration equations were developed by the modified partial least squares (MPLS), partial least squares (PLS), and principal components regression (PCR). Math treatments were 1-4-4-1, 1-10-10-1, 2-4-4-1, and 2-10-10-1. The software used was WinISI (Infrasoft International, State College, USA). Automatic head rice production and quality checking system used was "SY2000-AHRPQCS" (Ssangyong, Korea). The calibration was made with the first derivative and the spectrum designated was in 8 nm interval. The determination coefficients of head rice ratios were 0.8353, 0.8416 and 0.5277 for the MPLS, PLS and PCR, respectively. Those obtained with 20 nm interval were 0.8144, 0.8354 and 0.6908 for the MPLS, PLS and PCR, respectively. The calibration was made with second derivative that spectrum designated was 8 nm in interval. The determination coefficients of head rice ratios were 0.7994, 0.8017 and 0.4473 for the MPLS, PLS and PCR, respectively. Those with 20 nm interval were 0.8004, 0.8493 and 0.6609 for the MPLS, PLS and PCR, respectively. These results indicate that the accuracy of determination coefficient for MPLS and PLS is higher than that of PCR.
Effects of Medium and Planting Density on Growth and Yield of Seed Potatoes Grown in a Wick Hydroponic System
Kim, Chan-Woo ; Song, Chang-Khil ; Park, Jung-Sik ; Mun, Hyun-Ki ; Kang, Young-Kil ; Kang, Bong-Kyoon ;
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 53, issue 3, 2008, Pages 251~255
This study was carried out in 2002 to determine the usefulness of Jeju scoria for a component of a growth medium and optimum planting density of 'Dejima' seed potatoes (Solanum tuberosum L.) grown in a wick hydroponic system. The minitubers (
) produced in an aeroponics system were planted at five planting densities (3 to 15 tubers/box; 19 to
) in polystyrene boxes (51 cm long
31 cm wide
20 cm high) containing two media (perlite + peatmoss and Jeju scoria + peatmoss 1:2, v/v mixtures). There were no significant interactions between medium and planting density for the growth and tuber yield traits. Shoot growth and the number of tubers per plant were not significantly affected by the media. However, tuber yield was higher in the perlite + peatmoss mixture than in the Jeju scoria + peatmoss mixture. The percentage of underdeveloped plants ranged from 8.3 to 14.7% at four lower planting densities (3 to 12 tubers/ box), and was 25.8% at the highest planting density (15 tubers/box). As planting density was increased from 3 to 15 tubers per box, seed potato (
tuber) number increased from 101 to 269 and yield from 6.3 to
. These results indicate that the perlite + peatmoss mixture might be more suitable for seed potato production in the wick hydroponic system, and considering the percentage of underdeveloped plants and tuber yield, optimum planting density would be 56 to
in the system depending on availability of seed potatoes.
Photosynthetic, Morphological and Growing Characteristics by Shading Materials in Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer
Cho, Jin-Woong ; Park, Hong-Woo ; Kim, Min-Jung ; Kim, Hyun-Ho ; Choi, Jae-Eul ;
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 53, issue 3, 2008, Pages 256~260
This study was conducted to response the photosynthetic rate and anatomical characters in one year ginseng plant against the light transmission ratio (10%, 20% and 30% in natural light) under shading materials by polyethylene (PE) net. The chlorophyll content and the photosynthesis of ginseng according to the light transmissivity showed decreasing trend as the light transmission ratio increased. At the higher light transmission ratio condition, leaves showed the chlorosis due to the physiological disorder, stems formed hypodermis, and phloem development inside the vascular tissue shrunk remarkably. Also, roots showed the epidermis destruction and less cambium development at the higher light intensity. The root weight also decreased as the light transmission ratio increased.
Estimation of Agronomic Characteristics of Domestic Aromatic Rice Germplasm and Foreign Aromatic Rice Germplasm in RDA Genebank, Korea
Kim, Jeong-Soon ; Ahn, Sang-Nag ; Cho, Yang-Hee ; Gwag, Jae-Gyun ; Kim, Tae-San ; Lee, Jung-Ro ; Lee, Sok-Young ;
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 53, issue 3, 2008, Pages 261~272
This study was conducted to provide the fundamental data based on the agronomic characteristics of domestic aroma rice, widely cultivated domestic rice and foreign aroma rice for breeding of functional aromatic rice. Among the 104 varieties, all of domestic aroma rice and widely cultivated rice varieties were headed, 24 of 84 varieties of foreign aroma rice were not headed. The average heading date of domestic aroma rice Japonica types of domestic rice was later as 136 day, and Tongil types of domestic aroma rice were faster as 122 day. The average culm length of Indica types of foreign aroma rice was longer as 130 cm, and Tongil types of were shorter as 74 cm. The average panicle length of domestic aroma rice and traditional rice were about 21 cm, and Indica types of foreign aroma rice were longer as 29.5 cm. The average 1,000 grain weight of Tongil types of domestic aroma rice and was not a difference with the domestic aroma rice and was more 2.5 g than the Indica types of foreign aroma rice. The average ratio of grain width and length of Indica types of foreign aroma rice were highest as 3.29 (W/L), and the domestic traditional rice was lowest as 1.7 (W/L). The average fertility rate of the domestic aroma rice, the widely cultivated domestic rice, and the Japonica types of foreign aroma rice were above 89.7%, but the Indica types of foreign and the Tongil types of domestic aroma rice were below 65.4%. The average germination rate of foreign aroma rice were above 83.7%, and domestic aroma rice were above 90.4%. The non-glutinous rice were 64 varieties (84.2%) of total 104 accessions of material rice and the waxy rice were 7 varieties (1%). In the domestic aroma rice, Hyangmi2ho and Aranghyangchalbyeo has a mild aroma grade. In the foreign aroma rice, 22 of 40 varieties of Indica types and 9 of 16 varieties of Japonica types has a lightly aroma grade. And 13 varieties of widely cultivated domestic rice has a non-aroma grade.
Effect of Seeding Times on Yield and Flavonoid Contents of Mungbean
Kim, Dong-Kwan ; Chon, Sang-Uk ; Lee, Kyung-Dong ; Kim, Kyong-Ho ; Rim, Yo-Sup ; Jeong, Seok-Cheol ;
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 53, issue 3, 2008, Pages 273~278
This study set out to investigate the changes to the growth, yield, and flavonoid contents of mungbean according to different seeding times from mid May to mid July in the southern region of Korea. Days to first flowering, days to first maturing, and cultivation period were shorter at later seeding time than earlier seeding time. But later the seeding time was, days from first maturing to first harvesting, days required between harvesting increased. Number of pods at first harvesting and yield of mungbean were highest when seeded at late June, showing increase in yield 14% more than at early June as standard seeding time. However number of seeds per pod and 1,000-seed weight at first harvesting were highest when seeded at mid July. The number of harvesting was smallest at two times when seeded at June or mid July. The contents of average vitexin and isovitexin in mungbean were highest in the order of mid July, late June, and mid May. In particular, their contents reached its highest point in the seeds of the second harvest. Considering the results of the cultivation period, yield, harvesting times, vitexin and isovitexin contents, the proper seeding time of mungbeans in the southern region of Korea will be from late June to mid July.
Variation of Flavonoids Contents in Plant Parts of Mungbean
Kim, Dong-Kwan ; Chon, Sang-Uk ; Lee, Kyung-Dong ; Kim, Jung-Bong ; Rim, Yo-Sup ;
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 53, issue 3, 2008, Pages 279~284
This study carried out to investigate the variation of flavonoids contents in mungbean (Vigna radiata L.) according to plant parts, harvesting time, growth stage, and sowing time. Vitexin and isovitexin were found only in the seeds but not in the leaves, petioles, stems, and roots. Vitexin and isovitexin in seeds were detected only in the seed coat at concentration of 51.1 and
, respectively, but not in the cotyledon. There were no differences in the content of vitexin and isovitexin in mungbean seeds according to early, recommended and late harvesting times. Rutin in leaves was isolated and identified as a functional substance. The content of rutin was the highest in the leaves and higher in the order of petioles and stems. However, there was no rutin in the seeds, roots, and pods. The highest rutin content in the leaves, petioles and stems was observed at the 3rd leaf stage, which was higher in the order of the 5th and 7th leaf stage.
Physicochemical Properties of Starches in Japonica Rices of Differenct Amylose Content
Song, Jin ; Kim, Jae-Hyun ; Kim, Deog-Su ; Lee, Choon-Ki ; Youn, Jong-Tag ; Kim, Sun-Lim ; Suh, Sae-Jung ;
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 53, issue 3, 2008, Pages 285~291
This study was performed to find out starch properties of rice grains in three varieties with different amylose content, Ilpumbyeo (non-waxy), Goami2 (high amylose), and Hwasunchalbyeo (waxy rice). There was no difference among physico-chemical characteristics of rice grains, but Goami 2 showed
folds higher crude fat (1.36%) than Ilpumbyeo. Pasting properties of RVA showed the highest values of maximum viscosity, breakdown, and final viscosity in Ilpumbyeo. A similar chain length distribution of amylopectin was found in Ilpumbyeo and Hwasunchalbyeo, indicating that DP 12 had the highest distribution. Goami 2 had the highest distribution in DP 14, and showed the lower percent (14.1%) than other rice cultivars. Thermal properties of DSC showed that the values of Tc and Tp of Hwasunchalbyeo were similar to Ilpumbyeo, whereas a slightly higher Tc was observed. The absorbtion enthalpy was also the highest (11.1 mJ/mg) in Hwasunchalbyeo. Goami 2 showed higher To, but the lowest enthalpy (6.52 mJ/mg) compared to Ilpumbyeo (7.92 mJ/mg). Retrogradation properties, which were measured with the gelatinized rice sample used for DSC, and stored in
during 6 days, indicated that retrogradation absorbtion peak was the first peak at
, and the second peak above
. Retrogradation enthalpy of Goami 2 was the highest value (5.12 mJ/mg).
Growth and Yield Variation of Clay-coated Rice Seeds in Direct Seeding Culture on Dry Paddy
Choi, Weon-Young ; Park, Hong-Kyu ; Ku, Bon-IL ; Mo, Young-Jun ; Choi, Min-Gyu ; Kim, Sang-Su ; Kim, Chung-Kon ;
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 53, issue 3, 2008, Pages 292~296
Clay-coated rice seeds (clay-coated seeds A and B) were directly sown on dry paddy and their growth and yield were compared with the normal drill-sown seeds on dry flat paddy. In clay-coated seeds, germination was 1 day earlier and the emergence rate was higher up to 5% than that of normal drill-sown seeds. But the apparent number of seedling stand per
was lower than that of normal drill-sown seeds, which is due to the smaller amount of seeding in clay-coated seeds. At the early growth stage, the plant height of clay-coated seeds A was taller than that of drill-sown seeds, while the plant height of clay-coated seeds B was 0.7 cm shorter than that of drill-sown seeds. At the late growth stage, however, the difference was insignificant in both cases. The maximum tillering stage was 10 days earlier in drill-sown seeds. Lodging index was the lowest in clay-coated seeds B and there was no difference between clay-coated seeds A and drill-sown seeds. The ratio of stem base weight, culm diameter and culm wall thickness were higher in clay-coated seeds, while the lower internodes (4th, 5th and 6th) length was shorter in claycoated seeds than in drill-sown seeds. In clay-coated seeds, the number of panicle per
was smaller, while the number of spikelet per panicle was a little larger than in drill-sown seeds. The rate of ripened grain and brown rice 1,000 grain weight were lower in the clay-coated seeds, thus the yield was
level of drill-sown seeds. Considering that the amount of seeding in clay-coated seeds was two-thirds of that in drill-sown seeds, it is expected that clay coating method could become an additional technique for direct seeding cultivation.
Environment Interaction for Yield in Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.)
Shim, Kang-Bo ; Kang, Churl-Whan ; Hwang, Chung-Dong ; Pae, Suk-Bok ; Choi, Kyung-Jin ; Byun, Jae-Cheon ; Park, Keum-Yong ;
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 53, issue 3, 2008, Pages 297~302
Application of genotype by environment (
) interaction would be used for identifying optimum test condition of the varietal adaptation in the establishment of breeding purpose. Yield and yield components were used to perform additive main effect and multiplicative interaction (AMMI) analysis. Significant difference for
interaction were observed for all variable examined. For yield, 0.18 of total sum of squares corresponded to
interaction. Correlation analysis was carried out between genotypic scores of the first interaction principal component axis (IPCA 1) for agronomic characters. Significant correlations were observed between IPCA 1 for yield and capsule bearing stem length (CBSL), number of capsule per plant (NOC). The biplot of grain yield means for IPCA1 which accounted for 34% of the variation in total treatment sums of squares showed different reaction according to
interaction, genotypes and environments. Taegu showed relatively lower positive IPCA1 scores, and it also showed smaller coefficient variation of yield mean where it is recommendable as a optimal site for the sesame cultivar adaptation and evaluation trial. In case of variables, Yangbaek and M1 showed relatively lower IPCA1 scores, but the score direction showed opposite each other on the graph. Ansan, Miryang1, Miryang4, and Miryang6 seemed to be similar group in view of yield response against IPCA1 scores. These results will be helpful to select experimental site for sesame in Korea to minimize
interaction for the selection of promising genotype with higher stability.
Elucidation of Cause of Cotyledon Black-Decay of Soybean Sprout by Bean Bug, Riptortus clavatus
Lee, Jung-Han ; Han, Ki-Soo ; Kim, Dong-Kil ; Kang, Jin-Ho ; Kim, Hee-Kyu ;
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 53, issue 3, 2008, Pages 303~307
Cotyledon Black Decay (CBD) on soybean sprout mimics the black spot due to microbial infection. CBD, not visible or predictable at seedlot state, for some reason, shows up exclusively on cotyledon of soybean sprout during sprouting process. Such an incidence rate fluctuated from 0.8 to 19.5% over three years from 2004. We suspected some pod-infecting anthracnose fungi and/or pod-blight pathogen, or pod-sucking bean bug, one of the major pests of soybean, might have involved, of which we ruled out fungal pathogen because it was preventable through heat treatment, a proven method for seedlot disinfestation. The healthy seeds artificially fed by bean bug for one to seven days were sprouted, and 6 to 41% of the soybean sprout revealed the CBD mimic to those occurred in soybean sprout from previous commercial seedlot screening experiments. This finding is the first report to confirm that bean bug damage to pod at
stage is directly responsible for the CBD, which did not concur with any other deleterious effects on sprouting such as reduction in hypocotyls elongation and rooting except unsightly sprout quality. However, earlier feeding either at green pod or greenish yellow pod stage (
stage) resulted in rather severe damages, which strikingly reduced hypocotyls growth to about one forth to about two third, as well as the reduction in rates of seed germination.
Composition in Milling Recovery Ratio of Rice Cultivars, Ilpumbyeo and Chucheongbyeo
Kim, Deog-Su ; Kim, Sun-Lim ; Song, Jin ; Hur, On-Suk ; Kim, Jung-Tae ; Lee, Choon-Ki ; Kim, Jae-Hyun ; Kim, Kee-Jong ; Suh, Sae-Jung ;
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 53, issue 3, 2008, Pages 308~313
This study was carried out to analysis the factor effected by milling rice rate, and to provide the developing rice varieties and cultivation technology. Panicle numbers per spike of Ilpumbyeo and Chucheongbyeo were 105 and 70, respectively. The primary branch panicle rate was Ilpumbyeo 56.2% and Chucheongbyeo 61.4%. The secondary panicle rate of Ilpumbyeo and Chucheongbyeo was 43.3% and 37.9%, respectively. Grain filling rate using specific gravity showed that Ilpumbyeo was the lower filling rate than Chucheongbyeo. Hull weight per one grain was Ilpumbyeo 41.9 mg and Chucheongbyeo 3.92 mg, and hull weight per rough rice 1 kg was Ilpumbyeo 157.36 g and Chucheongbyeo 151.31 g. In milling rate, brown rice ratio by ripening degree of llpumbyeo and Chucheongbyeo with combine harvest was 81.22% and 82.52%. Milled/brown rice ration of llpumbyeo and Chucheongbyeo showed 92.14% and 92.51%. The milling recovery ratio of llpumbyeo was decreased 1.67% then Chucheongbyeo, and the difference was mainly due to the hull weight (0.61%), milled/brown rice ratio (0.37%) and ripening degree (0.69%). Although the varietal differences were found in hull weight and millied/brown rice ratio between llpumbyeo and Chucheongbyeo, the ripening degree was considered as the factor that could be reduced by cultivation technology and post-harvest management.
Nondestructive Classification between Normal and Artificially Aged Corn (Zea mays L.) Seeds Using Near Infrared Spectroscopy
Min, Tai-Gi ; Kang, Woo-Sik ;
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 53, issue 3, 2008, Pages 314~319
Near infrared (NIR) spectroscopy was used to classify normal and artificially aged nonviable corn (Zea mays L., cv. 'Suwon19') seeds. The spectra at 1100-2500nm were scanned with normal and artificially aged single seeds and analyzed by principle component analysis (PCA). To discriminate normal seeds from artificially aged seeds, a calibration modeling set was developed with a discriminant partial least square 2 (PLS 2) method. The calibration model derived from PLS 2 resulted in 100% classification accuracy of normal and artificially aged (aged) seeds from the raw, the 1st and 2nd derivative spectra. The prediction accuracy of the unknown normal seeds was 88, 100 and 97% from the raw, the
derivative spectra, and that of the unknown aged seeds was 100% from all the raw, the
derivative spectra, respectively. The results showed a possibility to separate corn seeds into viable and non-viable using NIR spectroscopy.
Relationship Among Alkali Digestive Value, Amylopectin Fine Structure and Physical Properties of Cooked Rice
Song, Jin ; Lee, Choon-Ki ; Youn, Jong-Tag ; Kim, Sun-Lim ; Kim, Deog-Su ; Kim, Jae-Hyun ; Jeong, Eung-Gi ; Suh, Sae-Jung ;
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 53, issue 3, 2008, Pages 320~325
This study was performed to effect of chain length distribution of amylopectin on gelatinization physical properties of cooked rice grains which were analyzed by alkali digestive value (ADV) in six rice cultivars. Those rice cultivars were Hwangumnuribyeo, Ilpumbyeo, Sangjubyeo, Taebongbyeo, Nampyungbyeo, and Dasanbyeo. The ADV values were evenly distributed from 7.0 (Hwangumnuribyeo) to 5.0 (Dasanbyeo). A similar chain length distribution of amylopectin was found in rice cultivars, indicating that DP12 had the highest distribution. Rice cultivars with high ADV value showed higher portion of short chain distribution upto DP15. The surface hardness of cooked rice increased consecutively to Dasanbyeo, Ilpumbyeo, and Hwangumnuribyeo. Among japonica type rice cultivars, the highest overall hardness was observed in Dasanbyeo followed by Hwangumnuribyeo and Ilpumbyeo. Correlation between hardness of rice graim and chain length distribution of amylopectin had the similar inclination to surface hardness of rice grains and overall hardness.
Yield and Grain Quality of Early Maturing Rice Cultivars as Affected by Early Transplanting in Yeongnam Plain Area
Lee, Jong-Hee ; Park, Dong-Soo ; Kwak, Do-Yeon ; Yeo, Un-Sang ; Song, You-Chun ; Kim, Choon-Song ; Jeon, Myeong-Gi ; Oh, Byeong-Geun ; Shin, Mun-Sik ; Kim, Je-Kyu ;
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 53, issue 3, 2008, Pages 326~332
This study was conducted to evaluate an early-maturing rice cultivars adaptable to early transplanting cultivation in Yeongnam plain area. High temperature during the ripening stage of paddy rice under the early-transplanting cultivation in Yeongnam plain was to influence in several agronomic traits such as number of spikelet, ripening ratio, grain appearance of milled rice, and yield. 'Gounbyeo' and 'Junghwabyeo' were better than the others in grain appearance of milled rice and ripening ratio, but their yield potential were lower than that of the other varieties. Moreover, 'Gounbyeo' and 'Junghwabyeo' showed high ratio of broken rice. 'Unkwangbyeo' was the highest in yield and eating quality among the tested varieties, but also high percentage of white core and belly in milled rice. Therefore, in order to recommend those cultivars to farmers, it should be needed to establish an optimal cultivation method, such as transplanting density, fertilizer application, and harvesting time, etc. consequently, it should also be required to develop a new varieties with high ripening capability under high temperature condition.
Variation of Growth Characteristics and Quality Related Components in Korean Indigenous Tea (Camellia sinensis) Germplasms
Lee, Min-Seuk ; Lee, Jin-Ho ; Lee, Jeong-Dae ; Hyun, Jin-Wuk ; Kim, Young-Gul ; Hwang, Young-Sun ; Lee, Hyeon-Jin ; Choi, Su-San-Na ; Lee, Su-Jin ; Choung, Myoung-Gun ;
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 53, issue 3, 2008, Pages 333~338
The tea has traditionally been used as a foodstuff by unique flavor, however recently not only the diversity of consumer demands but also the public interest in unique favorite and functional aspects have increased. It has been also reported that the main components contained in the leaves of tea (Camellia sinensis) include total nitrogen, free amino acids, polyphenols, and fiber, of which catechin has powerful bioactive effect such as anti-cancer, anti-aging, and anti-diabetic. (-)-Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) which is a major phenolic constituent of green tea extract has received considerable attention for a variety of important bioactivities. This study was carried out to obtain useful information for tea breeding programs, and to investigate the concentration of quality and functional related components in Korean indigenous tea germplasms. Korean indigenous tea lines were classified into three groups of sprout time, i.e, early, medium and late sprout time, and the ratio were 20%, 43% and 37%, respectively. There was a difference in characteristics among these Korean indigenous tea lines, leaf width of those ranged from 19.8 to 75 mm, leaf length was 35.5-160.0 mm, and leaf area was
. Experimental data on chlorophyll content (SPAD value) of Korean indigenous tea genetic resources ranged from 51.3 to 82.3. The concentrations of the total nitrogen, total free amino acids, and theanine were ranged 4.18-6.07%, 2.87-4.58%, and 1.64-2.66%, respectively. Also, catechin concentration showed from 11.54 to 15.07%, and concentration of caffeine was 2.82-4.23%. These results indicated indicated that it is possible to select elite lines with high concentration of quality related components and low concentration of caffeine from Korean domestic tea germplasms.
Effect of Content of Crop Component on the Bioethanol Production
Lee, Kyung-Eun ; Lee, Jae-Yeon ; Kim, Keun ;
KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE, volume 53, issue 3, 2008, Pages 339~346
The contents of starch, moisture, crude protein, crude fat, crude fiber, and ash of different varieties of various crops such as brown rice, barley, corn, sweet potato were analyzed. The average starch contents of brown rice, barley, corn, and sweet potato were
, respectively. The ground powder of each starchy substrate was suspended in distilled water, and then liquefied, saccharified, and fermented by dried active yeast at 32 for 4 days. By statistical analysis, the effectiveness of the contents of the different components such as starch, moisture, crude protein, crude fat, crude fiber, and ash of the crops on the ethanol production were examined. The results showed that the starch content positively affected the ethanol production in all the tested cereals and sweet potato. In brown rice, ash content affected negatively the ethanol production. In barley, protein content affected negatively the ethanol production, while fiber content affected positively the ethanol production. The sweet potato containing higher content of moisture produced less amount of ethanol.