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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Crop Science
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Crop Science
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 53, Issue spc - Dec 2008
Volume 53, Issue 4 - Dec 2008
Volume 53, Issue 3 - Sep 2008
Volume 53, Issue 2 - Jun 2008
Volume 53, Issue 1 - Mar 2008
Selecting the target year
Quality of Jeonbuk-originated Brand Rice Compared with Other Domestic Brands and Imported Market Rice
Song, Young-Eun ; Cho, Seong-Hyun ; Kwon, Young-Rip ; Choi, Dong-Chil ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 53, issue 4, 2008, Pages 347~352
This study was carried out to estimate the quality of Jeonbuk-originated brand rice by comparing with other domestic brand rices and imported market rices. Rice variety, "Ilmi" was a major portion of brand rices in Jeonbuk region, and in few portion, there were variety-mixed brands, Shindongjin, Kosihikari, and Hitomebore. Comparing the ratio of head rice of high-quality Jeonbukoriginated brand rice with other domestic brand rices were not significantly different. Head rice ratio and mechanical taste values were not significantly different between high-quality Jeonbuk-originated brand rice and the other domestic brand rices. The contents of protein, moisture, amylose of rice were also not significantly different between them. The quality of high-quality Jeonbuk-originated brand rice was as good as that of other domestic brand rices and had not changed it by period. The foreign rice imported from United States, Chinese (involved parboiled), Thailand and the domestic rice cultivated in Jeonbuk province were investigated. There could get difference on the major component related to palatability of rice as country in this study. Comparing with foreign rices. protein content of domestic rice (6.1%) was similar with that of United States, lower than those of Chinese and Thailand. The head rice ratio of the domestic rice was 92%, which was similar with those of Unite State and Chinese but the Chinese parboiled rice was completely cracked during processing. The setback viscosity of domestic rice related to retrogradation was lower than those of the imported rice except United States. The Ad (Adhesiveness / H(Hardness) ratio was higher in the domestic and United States rice.
Effect of Mulching and Soil Conditioners on Yield and Flavonoids Content of Mungbean
Kim, Dong-Kwan ; Chon, Sang-Uk ; Lee, Kyung-Dong ; Son, Dong-Mo ; Rim, Yo-Sup ; Kim, Kyong-Ho ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 53, issue 4, 2008, Pages 353~358
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of black polyethylene film mulching and soil conditioners on the growth, yield, and flavonoids biosynthesis of mungbeans. The seedling stand rate, plant height, and pods per plant were 98%, 61 cm, and 15.1, respectively, when the mungbean grown black polyethylene film mulches. They were greater than these results when the without mulches was applied by 13%, 9 cm, and 1.8, respectively. Mungbean grown with black polyethylene film mulches (
) exhibited 38% more seed yield than without mulches (
). However, no significant difference in contents of vitexin and isovitexin of mungbeans between with black polyethylene film mulches and without mulches was observed. Among soil conditioners, standard fertilizer+oil cake and standard fertilizer+mineral powders increased number of pods. The standard fertilizer+oil cake showed the highest seed yield (119%) of mungbean when it mixed with standard fertilizers, and followed by mineral powders (115%). The mixed combinations of oil cake or mineral powders also seem to have affected the biosynthesis of vitexin and isovitexin, whose content in mungbeans was significantly more.
Optimal HPLC Condition for Simultaneous Determination of Anthocyanins in Black Soybean Seed Coats
Choung, Myoung-Gun ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 53, issue 4, 2008, Pages 359~368
Black soybean has been widely utilized as foods and oriental medicinal materials. The pigmentation in the seed coat of black soybean is due to accumulate anthocyanins in the epidermis palisade layer. The anthocyanins of black soybean seed coat are considered as a parameter of quality evaluation of black soybean. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the most suitable HPLC condition for simultaneous determination of anthocyanins in black soybean seed coats extracts. The efficient HPLC analytical condition of D3G, C3G, and Pt3G contained extracts of black soybean seed coats was developed. The gradient elution employed a
i.d. YMC-pak ODS-AM 303 column. The gradient system was used two mobile phases. A gradient elution was performed with mobile phase A, consisting of 5% aqueous formic acid, and mobile phase B, comprising 5% formic acid - acetonitrile, and delivered at a flow rate of 0.7 mL/min as follows:
; 36 min, 90% A; 46 min, 90% A. The UV-VIS. detection wavelength was set at 520 nm. The limit of detection (LOD) for D3G, C3G, and Pt3G were under 10 ng/mL.
Changes of Surface Color Formation and Constituents of White Ginseng Preparer with Peeling by Using Barker
Choi, Jae-Eul ; Nam, Ki-Yeul ; Li, Xiangguo ; Kim, Hyun-Ho ; Cho, Hang-Sik ; Hwang, Kuang-Bo ; Ko, Sung-Kwon ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 53, issue 4, 2008, Pages 369~375
In this study, quality in terms of the surface color and constituents of white ginseng prepared with different peeling time by using barker were investigated. The color of the white ginseng become better according to the increasing of peeling time. The components, such as contents of crude fat, crude protein, fatty acids, amino acids were slightly increased by the peeling, but carbohydrate and sugars were decreased. The contents of crude saponin and ginsenosides were markedly influenced. Compared with intact ginseng roots, peeling of ginseng roots resulted in a substantial decrease (approximately 20-30%) in total ginsenoside contents. The results suggest that peeling for white ginseng preparation leads to improve the surfacecolor formation of roots, while lose the contents of ginsenosides as the major active ingredients of ginseng.
Variation of Anthocyanin Contents according to Collection Site and Maturity in Black Soybean
Yi, Eun-Seob ; Lee, Yong-Sun ; Kim, Hee-Dong ; Kim, Yong-Ho ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 53, issue 4, 2008, Pages 376~381
Anthocyanin contents of black soybean were analyzed for development of superior breeding lines with high anthocyanin contents. Total 292 genotypes of black soybean collected through the whole country were analyzed by HPLC in which C3G (Cyanidin-3-Glucoside), D3G (Delphinidin-3-glucoside), and Pt3G (Petunidin-3-Glucoside) were detected main anthocyanin pigments and each pigment contents were significantly different according to genotypes. C3G content showed the highest value in all materials and its variation was also wide, whereas D3G and Pt3G were not detected in 4 and 24 genotypes. Mean value of C3G, D3G, and Pt3G contents were
, respectively. In case collected sites, genotypes collected in Chungnam region were higher the anthocyanin contents than other collections, which was
. It might be concluded that it takes more than 36 days for anthocyanin accumulation since beginning of seed-coat pigments formation, in that case it showed
. Also total anthocyanin contents were present higher concentration in seed coat as maturation period was longer from flowering stage.
Effect of Rice Bran Application Times on Weeds Control, Rice Yield and Grain Quality
Won, Jong-Gun ; Ahn, Duok-Jong ; Kim, Se-Jong ; Choi, Chung-Don ; Lee, Sang-Chul ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 53, issue 4, 2008, Pages 382~387
This study was conducted to determine the effect of rice bran on rice yield, grain quality and weeds control depending on applying times. The redox potential was severely reduced
days after rice bran application but that of conventional practice was reduced 17 days after transplanting. During the decomposing of the rice bran in the water, the dissolved oxygen in the water was exhausted right away after rice bran application. The dry weight of weed increased as the rice bran application time was delayed that weed dry weights increased by 138% in applying before puddling (ABP), 219% in 5 DAT (days after transplanting), 300% in 7 DAT and 619% in 9 DAT compared to conventional practice. The rice yield reduced remarkably in rice bran treatments after transplanting compared to conventional practice and applying before puddling. In the rice quality, the head rice ratio in the rice bran treatment was higher than that in conventional practice, and its protein content decreased. The results confirm that the rice bran application make the rice palatability higher, but there was no difference in rice qualities depending on application times.
A Study on Rice Growth and Yield Monitoring Using Medium Resolution Landsat Imagery
Kim, Min-Ho ; Lee, Chung-Kuen ; Park, Ho-Ki ; Lee, Jae-Eun ; Koo, Bon-Cheol ; Shin, Jin-Chul ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 53, issue 4, 2008, Pages 388~393
Earth observation satellite imagery having medium-resolution can provide the useful information very rapidly and cheaply. The objective of this study was to assess the feasibility for monitoring rice growth and yield using medium resolution satellite imagery at Seosan AB reclaimed area, Chung-nam province. Using the LANDSAT imagery at booting stage (
had the most significant linear relationships with rice yield of Seosan AB reclaimed area with the correlation coefficient (r) as 0.68. Therefore, this relationship was established as rice yield equation as function of
, where excluding the 10 small area having low number of pixel, the determination coefficient (
) of the linear regression between NDVIred and milled rice yield was improved to 0.66. In addition, raster masking method, which was easier and faster even if a little unaccurate than preexisting method, was established for extracting information paddy field zone. Adaptability of rice yield equation function of
on year and region was investigated using rice yield and
values, which were extracted with raster masking method, from 7 counties or cities, Kyeong-ki province in 2005. Relationship between observed and calculated rice yield showed 1:1 line indicating that the adaptability was admitted.
Agronomic Characteristics of Common Millet Germplasm
Yoon, Seong-Tak ; Xu, Zhen Yu ; Kim, Seong-Min ; Kim, Chang-Yung ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 53, issue 4, 2008, Pages 394~400
Crop characteristics of 137 common millet (Panicum miliaceum L.) resources collected in Korea were investigated in order to establish basic data for the improvement of crop breeding. Spike types of 137 plant resources were classified as 4 types of oblate, spreading, oblate-compact (intermediary type between oblate and compact) and oblate-spreading (intermediary type between oblate and compact) type, of which oblate spike type was the highest percentage of 66.4% (91 plant resources) of 137 germplasm. Seed color was classified as 5 colors of dark brown, yellow, brown, yellowish brown, and yellowish white, of which yellowish white was the highest percentage of 66.4% (54 plant resources) among them. Seed type was classified as 2 types of pyramid shape and short pyramid shape, which showed 62.8% and 37.2% respectively. Days from seeding to heading date showed the range from 68 to 85 days with 73.7 days in the average and the highest frequency proportion of it was the group from 70 to 75 days, which occupied 46.7% (64 plant resources) of 137 germplasm. Days from seeding to physiological maturity showed the range from 109 to 124 days with 112.0 days in the average and the highest frequency proportion (60.6%) of it was the group from 111 to 115 days, while there were also occupied with 6.6% below 110 days and 5.1% over 120 days among 137 germplasm. Group from 181 cm to 190 cm of culm length showed the highest frequency proportion of 47.4%, whereas below 160 cm was the lowest occupancy of 2.9%. Spike length showed the range from 181 to 190 cm with 181.4 cm in the average and the highest frequency distribution of it was the group from 31 to 35 cm with the proportion of 54.0%. Number of grains per spike showed the range from 432 to 2,665 grains with 1,429.5 grains in the average and group from 1,200 to 1,400 grains per spike was the highest frequency distribution with the proportion of 20.4%. There were also occupied with 13.1% below 1,000 grains and 8.6% over 2,000 grains per spike among 137 germplasm.
Varietal Difference in Growth Response and Ginsenoside Contents of Two-Year-Old Ginseng Grown in Paddy Field with Different Drainage Conditions
Lee, Sung-Woo ; Kim, Chung-Guk ; Yeon, Byeong-Yeol ; Hyun, Dong-Yun ; Shin, Yu-Su ; Kang, Seung-Won ; Cha, Seon-Woo ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 53, issue 4, 2008, Pages 401~406
To select adoptable varieties in paddy soil with relatively high content of soil moisture, the growth characteristics and ginsenoside content of two-year-old ginseng was investigated in paddy soil with two types of drainage conditions such as poorly and imperfectly drained class, using 4 varieties, Cheonpoong (CP), Yeonpoong (YP), Hwangsookjong (HS) Jakyeongjong (JK). The ratio of survived plant in poor drainage conditions was higher than that in imperfect drainage conditions, and the ratio of discolored leaf in the former was lower than that in the latter. The ratio of survived plant was highest in HS, while lowest in YP. The ratio of discolored leaf was lowest in HS, while highest in YP among 4 varieties. Root weight per plant and yield were more distinctly decreased in poor drainage conditions than those in imperfect drainage conditions. Descending order of yield in poor drainage conditions was JK, CP, YP and HS, while CP, YP, JK and HS in imperfect drainage conditions. Varietal difference of rusty colored root was more distinct than that between poor and imperfect drainage conditions. The ratio of rusty colored root was relatively low in CP and JK, while high in YP and HS. Total ginsenoside content of two-year-old ginseng grown in poor drainage conditions was increased more than that in imperfect drainage conditions due to full growth of root. Regardless of different drainage conditions total ginsenoside content was highest in YP, while lowest in HS among 4 varieties, and there were no distinct difference between CP and JK.
Antioxidant Activity and Cytotoxicity on Human Cancer Cells of Anthocyanin Extracted from Black Soybean
Kim, Yong-Ho ; Kim, Dong-Seon ; Woo, Sung-Sick ; Kim, Hyun-Hee ; Lee, Young-Sang ; Kim, Hee-Seon ; Ko, Kwang-Oh ; Lee, Seuk-Ki ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 53, issue 4, 2008, Pages 407~412
Anthocyanin pigments in soybean seed coat were D3G (Delphinidin-3-glucoside), C3G (Cyanidin-3- glucoside) and Pt3G (Petunidin-3-glucoside), which have been known potential roles in the prevention and treatment of chronic diseases. Anthocyanin contents in seed coat of blck soybean were significantly different according to soybean variety, C3G content showed the highest value in all materials and its variation was also wide. Antioxidant activity of each pigment was analyzed by DPPH and TEAC methods in which D3G and C3G showed high activity. And this study was carried out to investigate the effects of anthocyanin to human cancer cells. Cytotoxity were analyzed by MTT assay after anthocyanin pigments treated on leukemia (Jurkat T) and adenocarsinoma (MCF-7) cells. It showed decrement of cell numbers as anthocyanin concentration is increasing.
range of anthocyanin concentrations were
in Jurkat T and MCF-7 cell, respectively. D3G showed higher cytotoxicity than other pigments in Jurkat T cell whereas activity of C3G was high in MCF-7 cell. It is believed that supplementation of human diets with soybean anthocyanin markedly reduces human cancer mortality rates.
Changes of Soil Properties and Temperature by Green Manure under Rice-based Cropping System
Jeon, Weon-Tai ; Kim, Min-Tae ; Seong, Ki-Yeong ; Lee, Jong-Ki ; Oh, In-Seok ; Park, Sung-Tae ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 53, issue 4, 2008, Pages 413~416
The cultivation of green manure crop is considered as a good management practice by increasing soil organic matter and fertility levels. This experiment was conducted to improve the soil environment under rice-based cropping system at paddy soil (fine loamy, mixed, nonacid, mesic, family of Aeric Fluventic Haplaquepts) in National Institute of Crop Science (NICS), Korea in 2006 to 2007. The variation of soil temperature in green manure plots was lower than without green manure (control) during spring season (April to May). The temperature variation of no tillage plot (broadcast before rice harvest) was the lowest among treatments. After green manure cropping, the soil bulk density and porosity ratio were improved at the top soil. The production of green manure was the highest athairy vetch and barley mixture plot by partial tillage. However, mixture treatment had no improvement on soil organic matter. After rice cropping with green manure application, soil quality was improved such as soil physical properties except mixture treatment. Therefore, we suggest that soil quality should be improved by green manure cultivation under rice-based cropping system.
Occurence of Bakanae Disease (Gibberella fujikuroi) Growth Characteristics of Rice by Different Disinfection Methods
Kim, Se-Jong ; Won, Jong-Gun ; Ahn, Duok-Jong ; Park, So-Deuk ; Choi, Chung-Don ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 53, issue 4, 2008, Pages 417~420
This study was carried out to compare the growth and yield characteristics between bakanae diseases (Gibberella fujikuroi) infected and uninfected rice plants with different disinfection mothods. The infected rice seeds, harvested previous year, were disinfected either with prochloraz for 48 hours at
in germinator or 24 hours at room temperature and not disinfected. In the methods of disinfection, it is more effective in disinfected by prochloraz for 48 hours at
using germinator near to 0% of infection rate, followed by conventional method as 5.0% and 76% in not disinfected rice seeds. In the rice yield components among the disinfection methods, panicles were increased about 11% in the disinfected seeds using germinator for 48 hours compared to conventional method. Ripening grain rate also increased at the disinfected using germinator as
, improved more than
compared to the conventional disinfection. From these results, the rice yield was
at the disinfected using germinator which increased more than
compared to the conventional disinfection.
Physical Dormancy in Seeds of Chinese Milk Vetch (Astragalus sinicus L.) from Korea
Kim, Sang-Yeol ; Oh, Seong-Hwan ; Hwang, Woon-Ha ; Kim, Sang-Min ; Choi, Kyung-Jin ; Kang, Hang-Won ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 53, issue 4, 2008, Pages 421~426
Freshly harvested seed of Chinese milk vetch (Astragalus sinicus L.; CMV) was strongly dormant because of hardseedness. Seeds of freshly harvested germinated only 8% while clipping the seed coat completely overcome the innate dormancy, which indicates inhibition of germination of the seed is mainly due to seed coat (87%). The dormant (intact) hard seeds did not imbibe water whereas the non-dormant (clipped) seeds took up rapidly. In natural environment condition, the hard seed coat dormancy was broken only after 5 months after seed harvest. To break such a strong seed coat dormancy, the chemical and heat treatments were effective. Concentrated sulfuric acid was more effective than dry heat and hot water treatments. Hot water treatment improved germination but the germination percentage was less than 41%. Treatments increased germination due to its effect on the seed coat integrity. A scanning electron microscope reveled that disruption of seed coat layers and subsequent development of numerous crack in the hilum region of the seed and on the seed coat surface of concentrated sulfuric acid treatment and formation of cracks in the dry heat treatments, respectively, were observed in the seed coat surface, which served as water entry points.
Effect of Barley Yellow Mosaic Virus (BaYMV)- Infested Soil on the Agronomic Characters of Three Different Barley Varieties
Hyun, Jong-Nae ; Hong, Yeon-Kyu ; Lim, Sea-Gyu ; Kim, Yang-Gil ; Kim, Mi-Jung ; Lee, Mi-Ja ; Lee, Key-Woon ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 53, issue 4, 2008, Pages 427~433
Barley Yellow Mosaic Virus (BaYMV) caused significant reduction in barley yield and is difficult to control due to alive parasitic soil-borne fungus, Palmyra gamines that transmits the, virus. Previous studies have indicated that a virus-free soil could be infested by using virus-contaminated farming machineneries and implements. For the further confirmation of this finding, different proportions of BaYMV-infested soil were mixed into virus free soil. Three barley varieties (Hordum vulgarae, cv "Olbori", "Baegdong" and "Sacheon 6") were sown in pots treated with different rate of P. graminis-infested soil ranging from 0% to 100% in October 20, 2001. Results showed that BaYMV infection increased as the rate of infested soil increased. Initial symptoms were observed in a pots treated with 10% infested soil in all the 3 varieties of barley. "Olbori" had about 5% infection in 20% infested soil and about 10% infection in 40% or 50% infested soil and about 20% infection in 60% infested soil. In "Baegdong", the trend of BYMV occurrence was similar with "Olbori" but the time of severe infection was earlier than "Olbori". BaYMV infection in "Sacheon 6" was even earlier than "Baegdong" with much more severe symptoms than "Baegdong". The growth rate of barley was affected by about 19-22% when grown in 20% infested soil. As the rate of BaYMV infested soil increased the heading date was delayed but the maturing date was early in "Olbori" and "Sacheon 6". Also, reduction rate of culm length in 3 varieties increased with increase of infested soil content. However, "Olbori" showed the highest reduction. "Sacheon 6", have been characterized with long spike length, however was significantly reduced as the infested soil increased. On the other hand, spike length of "Olbori" was not significantly affected despite of increased of infested soil. The reduction rate of 1000 kernel weight was higher in large kernel size cultivar "Sacheon 6" and "Olbori" than small kernel size "Baegdong" as increase of BaYMV-infested soil content.
Germination and Seedling Growth Affected by Seed Specific Gravity
Yun, Myoung-Hui ; Shin, Jin-Chul ; Yang, Woon-Ho ; Son, Ji-Young ; Kim, Jun-Hwan ; Park, Geun-Soo ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 53, issue 4, 2008, Pages 434~439
The amount of salt to make seed sorting solution of the specific gravity of 1.13 was reconsidered and determined as 3.8 kg salt in 18 L water, which is lower amount than currently used. Five rice cultivars were examined. Percent germination and seedling emergence were not similar. Seedling emergence rate of Japonica varieties, Nampyungbyeo and Daerypbyeo-1 were 87% and 95% under specific gravity of 1.13, respectively. Seedling emergence rate of Tongil type variety, Dasanbyeo was as high as 67% in specific gravity of 1.06. Seedling emergence rate of waxy rice, Hwasunchalbyeo and Aranghangchalbyeo were examined. Seedling emergence rate was 94% in both cultivars in specific gravity of 1.04. Seedling emergence rate was same in specific gravity of 1.08 which is generally used for selecting seed currently. Early growth (plant height, leaf number, and dry weight) were not significantly different by specific gravity within species. In all cultivars except waxy rice, highest seedling emergence rate was observed in specific gravity of 1.13 which is currently used for selection and decreased as specific gravity is lowed. However, considering total amount of seeds in each group of specific gravity, amount of seed in lower specific gravity group is relatively small and total seedling emergence rate within variety dose not show big difference. However, if seeds with low speicific gravity are produced due to the bad grain filling condition and consequently total seed content of low specific gravity increases, results will be differnt. Reduction in total growth and yield could occur. It will be important to comply with the seed sorting criterion of 1.13 for Japonica, 1.06 for Tongil, and 1.04 for waxy rice variety to ensure the maximum rice growth and yield.
Changes of Antioxidative Enzymes and Alcohol Dehydrogenase in Young Rice Seedlings Submerged in Water
Shon, Ji-Young ; Ko, Jong-Cheol ; Kim, Woo-Jae ; Kim, Bo-Kyeong ; Kim, Chung-Kon ; Jung, Nam-Jin ;
Korean Journal of Crop Science, volume 53, issue 4, 2008, Pages 440~446
Successful germination and establishment of seedlings in flooded paddy are critical in direct seeding cultivation of rice. In this study, we examined the relationship between antioxidant enzymes and alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) activities and coleoptile elongation under submergence of deep water with two rice cultivars, Iksan429 and Woodrose, which show characteristic coleoptile elongation under hypoxic condition. The growth of shoot under submerged in water was faster than the root. The survival duration was longer in Iksan429 than in Woodrose under submerged in water. The alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) activities were significantly increased under hypoxia compared to in aerated condition. The ADH activity was increased in Iksan429 more than in Woodrose under hypoxia. The superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity in Iksan429 was gradually increased up to 5 days after treatment (DAT) then decreased slowly till 14 DAT under water, whereas in Woodrose it was dramatically decreased after 5 DAT. The peroxidase (POX) activity in Iksan429 was significantly increased until 7 DAT under hypoxia, whereas it was not significantly different in Woodrose during hypoxic treatment. However, in non-treated condition, POX activity in Woodrose was increased more than Iksan429. The changes of catalase (CAT) activities showed no differences in both cultivars. We suggest that the overexpression of ADH, SOD and POX activities is responsible for the hypoxic tolerance and plays an important role in the surviving of rice seedling.